Argentina Is Naziland
Those Wacky Nazis are set in World War II. Sometimes they are set in the aftermath, or even the present. Some Nazis have escaped from defeat and/or trial, and are lurking in a hidden base laying plans to restore the Reich and Take Over the World (as if a few guys in a hidden lab had better chances than a whole country). Or in more naturalistic stories, they're just trying to evade justice and fondly remembering what fun they had in the camps. Perhaps the hero, or a Nazi Hunter, is chasing such fugitives; perhaps they have treasures, a Lost Technology or a MacGuffin, or perhaps they are simply seen around. Many times, said Nazis are hidden in Argentina or elsewhere in South America. Having actual WWII fugitives hanging around in the present is becoming a Dead Horse Trope (except in period pieces) for obvious reasons - any survivors nowadays are going to be pretty ancient without some Nazi Superscience to spruce them up. However, they could still be used as Back Story, to give a run-of-the-mill Evil Scheme that unmistakeable Nazi flavour. Or their children or grandchildren raised in "the faith". There is some Truth in Television to this: yes, several Nazis escaped to Argentina and were allowed safe- passage by the government of Juan Domingo Perón, most notoriously Adolf Eichmann (who was captured by the Mossad, put on trial in Israel, and executed in 1962) and Josef Mengele (who never did get caught, but allegedly died in a scuba diving accident off the coast of Brazil in 1979). As may be seen in some of the trope write-ups below, there was also a popular belief during the 1970s and 1980s that Martin Bormann, the most senior Nazi not accounted for in 1945, had escaped to South America, although it's now believed by most historians that he died in battle during the fall of Berlin. More recently, archaeologists are still turning up secret hideaways and relics even in 2015. The reasons behind it, however, were not a simple as South American governments being evil and/or oblivious. Several countries sought to receive the German scientists that worked for Hitler and improve their national development, Argentina was one of those countries, but not the only one. The USA, actually, got the most, including famous Wernher von Braun—although for the most part, the scientists only worked for the Nazis (and used the slave labour made available to them by the efforts of Albert Speer) because nobody else was hiring. Argentine neutrality in World War II was not caused by popular support of Nazism (though pro-axis sentiment did abound, especially among the armed forces), but by mere localism: most people considered it a distant war between foreign countries, with Argentina standing to profit most by continuing to sell raw resources and manufactured goods to the winning side. Other countries in South America gave Nazis sanctuary thanks to what is now a rather uncomfortable relationship between the Catholic Church (which was big in both Central Europe and South America) and fascism (which was also big in both Central Europe and South America). One hypothesis is that it was individual clergymen helping national figures escape a Communist crackdown. Another is that Vatican was seeking Catholic bulwarks against the Communist threat. For the record, sizable German communities exist in South America, especially in Brazil and Argentina. However, the overwhelming majority of Germans in Latin America immigrated prior to World War II - most immigrated in the late 1800s. Argentina is also home to one of the largest Jewish populations in the world. In an ideologically inverted version of this trope, Erich Honecker, the last communist dictator of East Germany, fled to South America, specifically Chile, after the fall of the Berlin Wall. His widow, Margot Honecker, still lives there and remains a staunch Stalinist to this day. Sometimes the escaped Nazis are hiding in Antarctica, or on the Moon.
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Anime and Manga
- In Hellsing, the Nazi Millennium organization went into hiding in South America after the War, preparing an army of artificial vampires to invade the UK at the end of the manga.
- In G.I. Joe: Special Missions #2, the Joes are sent to South America to extract an ageing Nazi, who is the only one who knows the details of a planeload of nerve gas frozen in a glacier, from a heavily fortified compound in the jungle.
- The map of the world in DC Comics' Flashpoint alternate timeline unusually used Brazil but the map appeared to indicate all of South America, more or less: "Brazil (Nazi-Occupied)"
- In the non-canon Hellboy/Batman/Starman crossover, the neo-Nazi Knights of October have an outpost in the Amazon jungle from which they attempt to summon an elder god.
- Herman von Klempt's hid in Brazil and continued his experiments.
- Retroactively used as Doctor Nemesis' "bus" in X-Men. After World War II he spent decades in South America fighting the efforts of Nazi mad scientists to found the Fourth Reich (and more recently, the Fifth Reich). However, after he became too widely known in the patently-insane-fascist-South-American-superhuman community, he decided to leave to help the X-Men. With science.
- When Captain America returned in The Avengers #4, they made the retroactive flashback of the plane, that Bucky was holding to while Captain America fell into the ocean and froze. That plane was part of a plot of Baron Heinrich Zemo (retroactively pointed as the archnemesis of Captain America and Bucky in WWII). What did Zemo do after the war? He stayed hidden in an unexplored jungle in South America, and led the Masters of Evil against the Avengers until he died in a landslide while fighting Captain America.
- In Hitman, when Tiegel's Nazi Grandpa dies, his old comrades come "from South America" for his funeral.
- In Catwoman #19, Catwoman heads to South America to retrieve a painting from an ex-Nazi who had later served with the KGB and had been allowed to retire with a handful of stolen artworks.
- One Punisher / Wolverine crossover has the two independently investigate a criminal haven in the South American jungle. At one point they find a bunch of blond muscleheads who worship a mummified corpse in Nazi garb. And if you still don't get it, Frank comments that you just add a little dirt on its upper lip and... Eventually they escape setting fire to the place in the process, with the cult's leader remaining to die in the flames.
- In the Taskmaster mini-series the Taskmaster ends up in a small South American town and is surprised to find that the entire village dressed as hitler (yes even the women and children). The villagers are apparently waging endless war on each other trying to take over each others houses and constantly backstabbing the other villagers who ally with them. Turns out it was caused by solution created by the same people who made the hatemonger that was dumped into the water supply. The solution was meant to quickly input Nazi beliefs into people to resurrect the Reich but when it was spilled into the water supply it ended up making every one think they were Hitler.
- Requiem Vampire Knight: Otto is killed as an old Nazi hiding in Argentina, sending him to Résurection.
- Nero: This comic strip has Adolf Hitler hiding on an unknown island somewhere twice. In "De Man Met Het Gouden Hoofd" ("The Man With The Golden Head") (1947) Hitler is discovered inside an igloo on the North Pole. In "Het Knalgele Koffertje" ("The Very Yellow Little Briefcase") (1958-1959) he is living on an exotic island somewhere. Though clearly not Latin America, left alone Argentina, it still deserves a mention for being one of the earliest pop culture references to Hitler still being alive somewhere.
- In Knowledge is Power the Death Eaters go into exile in Argentina, in possibly one of the strangest invocations of this trope ever.
- At the end of the World War 2 Era Uplifted Series, Tens of thousands of National Socialists escape to Spain and Argentina following the collapse of the National Socialist regime at the hands of the quarian/Wehrmacht alliance. Under the leadership of Ernst Kaltenbrunner they form a paramilitary organization known as Paladin Group and South America turns into their playground... a place where Nazi Hunters go to die.
- The 2013 Argentine movie Wakolda is framed around Josef Mengele's legendary stay in the Argentine city of Bariloche, in the early '60s. As the movie ends, Adolf Eichmann is captured by Mossad agents, and Mengele flees to Paraguay.
- In X-Men: First Class, Erik chases a Nazi to Villa Gesell, a city in Argentina. In the movie, it's an area of mountains and lakes, but the real Villa Gesell is a beach city, former hippie paradise.
- And the barman used Mexican slang.
- In OSS 117: Lost in Rio, 117 is sent to Brazil to obtain a list of French WWII collaborators from an old Nazi who's plotting to create a fifth Reich - because his fourth Reich attempt failed. His son disguises himself as a hippie.
- The Boys from Brazil (and the novel it was based on) are about a secret plot to raise clones of Hitler in, well, three guesses where. Though unlike the boys, Mengele is seen in Paraguay - his speculated location at the time of filming, and where he really went for some time. But in 1978 Mengele was really in Brazil, where he died an year later.
- In Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory, the Golden Ticket holder from Paraguay is revealed to be a fraud - a news photo shows him to be Martin Bormann, though in this continuity he's going by a Spanish surname.
- Referenced in Yellow Submarine. When the Chief Blue Meanie is defeated and asks where the Meanies should flee to, his flunky suggests, "Argentina?"
- That "flunky's" name is Max.
- The nazis in They Saved Hitler's Brain are hiding in the fictional South American country Mandoras.
- Notorious, in a variant on the trope, has the daughter of a Nazi spy recruited to infiltrate an order of Nazi fugitives in post-war Brazil.
- In The Money Pit, Tom Hanks' character is able to buy the house for a song from a lady whose husband turns out to have been Hitler's pool boy and had escaped to South America about three steps ahead of the Nazi hunters.
- In the final scene of Amen., the Doctor is preparing to catch a boat to Argentina.
- In the end of the French comedy film The Fuhrer Runs Amock, Hitler hides in South America dressed up as a stereotypical German girl.
- Averted in Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull. Frank Darabont wanted to use escaped Nazis as villains, but Lucas and Spielberg preferred to acknowledge the 50s time period and use Dirty Communists instead. Spielberg in particular disliked the idea of using Nazis again in a humorous fashion after filming Schindler's List. Even so, Darabont's final draft still featured one Nazi living among an Indian tribe in the Amazon. Lucas got rid of Darabont shortly after and the film went back into Development Hell, eventually hitting theatres with no Nazis.
- In French film The Damned, the Nazis and collaborators who board a U-boat as the war is ending have a plan to sail to South America. Somewhat subverted in that once they get there, they find no help from the agents who were supposed to assist them.
- In Sorcerer, Marquez is a former Nazi hiding out in the village of Porvenir in an unnamed South American country.
- In Robert A. Heinlein's Rocket Ship Galileo the protagonists discover a hidden Nazi base on the Moon.
- Andrei Lazarchuk / Mikhail Uspensky's Look into the Monsters Eyes plays with the trope. In it there are two neighboring villages in Argentine, one Belorussian, and other Bavarian, with the catch that the first was created by the survivors of a partizan group hunted by the men of the second during WWII. Both villages use this fact to bond over. And the real Nazi base is in the Antarctic, but by the time Adm. Baird's expedition finally gets there it was already destroyed by their experiments with the occult.
- Clive Cussler's 1999 novel Atlantis Found has Nazi villains living in Argentina.
- Incidentally, in Cussler's 2010 novel The Silent Sea, the totalitarian villains are actual Argentineans - the country has been taken over by fascists in-universe.
- Suspicion plays with the trope. Dr. Nehle, who may or may not have been a Nazi, was in Chile during the war.
- Two Graves plays with this trope by putting Naziland in Brazil instead.
- In The Onion's Our Dumb World, Argentina is desicribed as a "beautiful Nazi retirement community". Apparently it's filled with old Nazis who will not shut up about that one time they killed a little Jewish girl with the butt of their rifle, much to their grandchildren's annoyance.
- Part of Konrad von Glöda's backstory in Icebreaker involves him escaping to Paraguay with other Nazis after fighting on the Finnish-Soviet frontier during WWII. He grew frustrated living there, since most of his fellow fugitives weren't really into the nationalist socialist ideology anymore, and he decided to create the Fourth Reich himself.
- The Night Gallery pilot had a segment about a hunted fugitive death-camp officer in an unnamed Latin American country seeking escape in a museum painting.
- A Get Smart episode centered around a quasi-Nazi KAOS prison camp in the wilds of New Jersey. Commandant Siegfried announces the imminent arrival of a noted officer "from our glorious fatherland...South America", known as "ze Beast of Buenos Aires!"
Agent 99: Are we alone on this assignment?
- In "Ice Station Siegfried" we get this exchange:
General Christian: Oh no, 99, every nation in the world is joining forces in order to do what must be done to stop this madman. Russia is standing by with nuclear submarines.
Colonel Quinton: Great Britain has offered us air cover.
Admiral Crichton: South America has offered the knowledge of its top German scientists.
Colonel Quinton: And Israel is making sandwiches for the trip.
- Mission: Impossible: In "The Legend", Briggs and Cinammon impersonate a former Nazi and his daughter who are invited to attend a reunion of aged Nazi leaders at the South American home of Nazi fugitive Martin Bormann, who is planning the creation of the Fourth Reich.
- Invoked on Millennium during the second season's "Roosters," in which it is said that the SS secretly set up shell corporations in Argentina, Paraguay, and other "cooperating countries" as part of a secret project called "Odessa,"note with the express purpose of bringing down the Millennium Group.
- White Collar at one point had a U-boat filled to the brim with Nazi treasure with an intended destination of somewhere in Argentina, but it sank before it could arrive.
- On The Office, Dwight Schrute has referred several times to his Nazi maternal grandfather, who lives in Argentina and was 103 at the time of the interview.
Dwight: I wanted to visit him, but my travel visa was protested by the Shoah Foundation.
- Herederos De Una Venganza: the members of the lodge are the descendants of Nazi fugitives.
- Frasier discovers Niles' Hispanic maid speaks German.
Frasier: Apparently she worked for a German family that turned up in Guatemala... [darkly] just after the war.
- Doctor Who gave "DeFlores" (strongly implied to be Martin Bormann, especially in the deleted scenes) and his group of neo-Nazis a South American headquarters in "Silver Nemesis".
- Secret Army had a sequel, Kessler, featuring the titular Nazi from Secret Army as a Villain Protagonist trying to keep one step ahead of Nazi-hunters in the years after 1945. It included a period in South America.
- In a perhaps unintended lampshading of this trope, Seinfeld's Soup Nazi moves to Argentina after Elaine discovers his recipes.
- Soap: In a Season One scene set in Ecuador we see that Adolph Hitler is working as a waiter.
- In the TV adaption of Agatha Christie's novel At Bertram's Hotel a sub plot was added about Nazis being smuggled to South America in return for their stolen art.
- An episode of Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. had a HYDRA weapon discovered hidden in Peru, with mention that some HYDRA members fled to South America "with their Nazi friends".
- The Bones episode The Nazi on the Honeymoon takes place in Buenos Aires. The "rapidly becoming a dead horse trope" aspect is acknowledged, as the Nazi in question was noted to have been clearly at death's door even before being murdered and was in his early nineties.
- Bad Education has Ms Pickwell fake her death to run off to Argentina to be with her 90 year old "very cultured" and very rich, German boyfriend.
- In the M*A*S*H episode "A Smattering of Intelligence", Hawkeye and Trapper trick two inept intelligence agents so that one thinks Frank is a communist while the other think he's a fascist. The fascist charges leveled at Frank include the claim that he helped sponsor a Martin Bormann telethon in Argentina.
- In series 2 of Danger 5, set in the 80s, Hitler and the surviving Nazis have a pleasure boat in Argentina, and are friends with Peron.
- In the FXX comedy Man Seeking Woman, Adolf Hitler shows up as a character and is the new boyfriend of main character Josh Greenberg's ex-girlfried Maggie. Josh's friend Mike explains that Hitler has been hiding out in Argentina since the 1940's.
- Shaun Ryder alludes to the conspiracy theories in the lyrics to Black Grape's "Reverend Black Grape".
"Old Pope he helped the Nazis/ To clean up all their messes/ In exchange for gold and paintings/ he gave them new addresses."
- The Sex Pistols: The band (minus Johnny Rotten, who had already left) visited Brazil in 1978 to record a single, "Nobody Is Innocent", with fugitive British train robber Ronnie Biggs who lived there. The video material ended up in "The Great Rock 'n' Roll Swindle" (1979), where a man in Nazi uniform can be seen in various scenes. According to the band it's supposed to be Martin Bormann (though looking nothing like him it all.)
- Elvis Costello's "Less Than Zero" from My Aim Is True is a Take That to onetime British fascist leader Oswald Mosley and makes this suggestion.
They've got a thousand variations, every witness in a file
Jenny puts on some coffee and she comes back with a smile
She says, "I hear that South America is coming into style"
- This is the subject of The Fall's "Haf Found Bormann".
- In the backstory of Damnation Decade, many fascist leaders escaped Faust at the close of the war and made it to Suramerico to be a source for adventure hooks.
- Delta Green gives us the remnants of the Karotechia, Hitler's occult warfare division of the Ahnenerbe. They're staked out on a plantation in the depths of the Amazon, usually work through modern neo-Nazis, and most of them have one foot in the grave - though, in an aversion of the "fading threat" bit, one of them's stayed young and immortal due to cannibalistic practices, and may end up being the future of the group.
- In GURPS Technomancer, the Condor Group, comprising former SS magicians, essentially control Argentina behind the scenes after giving Eva Peron immortality.
- Illuminati has the South American Nazis.
- The Producers:
Franz Liebkind: Broadvay. Wait 'til they hear about this in Argentina! Ach, mein lieblings!
- Almost a third part of Bloodrayne takes place in a hidden Nazi base in Argentina. Then again, another third takes place in Germany proper.
- In the I Have No Mouth and I Must Scream adventure game, Nimdok fled to Brazil to continue his experiments.
- Inverted in Wolfenstein: The New Order, an Alternate History game where killing the Big Bad at the top doesn't end the war because his more unhinged subordinates take over and play to win: Nazis taking over the world means that they (General DEATHSHEAD, Sergeant Keller, and Frau) now have private access to nuclear weapons and no fear of retaliation if they want to fire them at any country for kicks. So all the main characters in The Resistance flee to Germany.
- A possibility in Tropico 5 when transitioning from the World War era to the Cold War era. El Presidente can harbor "Axis" expatriates and gain the wrath of the international community in the next era or deny them asylum and face a violent invasion from the Central Powers.
- When Bart Simpson is making a bunch of international prank calls in "Bart vs. Australia", he calls Argentina and we see a man who looks suspiciously like Adolf Hitler (although looking good for his age) running to the phone in his car (a black Mercedes with the license plate "ADOLF 1"), and just missing the call. A man with an NSDAP badge cycles by and greets him with the Nazi salute.
Buenas noches, mein Führer!
- In "New Kids on the Bleech", the Simpsons watch a documentary about the history of the Olympic Games, which first shows footage of the 1936 Berlin Olympics, with Hitler reacting in outrage from the audience to Jesse Owens winning several gold medals. The film then skips to the 1968 Olympics (in Mexico!) where an aged Hitler is in attendance and again shown expressing frustration over the outcomes of the games.
- In Archer, Dr Krieger grew up in Brazil and has accidentally let slip that his parents were Nazis. This has led other characters to speculate that he's one of the "Boys from Brazil" (see above).
- Jonny Quest and his gang (original 1960s series) runs into a fugitive Nazi (with cavemen servants!) while attempting to recover a weather balloon from an isolated mountaintop. In Africa.
- Cyber Six is a project of an apparently elderly Nazi Scientist and is based on an Argentinian comic book.