Useful Notes: Latin America

Useful Notes on those places that are in the more Latin-influenced parts of the Americas.

Latin America is a name that has gained prominence in the XIX century thanks to the French who were the first to propose the term, as its name implies, is the part of America that was mostly influenced by contries of Latin heritage (Spain, Portugal and France), however in culture only some parts of the Francophone would be considered as Latin while the others are more Anglo influenced.

As a whole, Latin America englobes most of the eponymous continent from Mexico to Argentina, its historically and culturally the Latin countries are catholic, however there has been an increase of the Adventist in various countries.

The term itself has provoked some problems regarding the usage of the name latin or latino, given that these terms are also used commonly to refer to the people born in Latin America although they originally meant someone born in Latium, Italy.

Note: Guyana, Surinam and Belize have been removed from this list due to the fact that they are primarily Indo-Caribbean rather than Latin American in culture.

Countries and Commonwealths

Mexico and Central America

Capital & Largest City: San Jose
Capital & Largest City: San Salvador
Capital & Largest City: Guatemala City
Capital & Largest City: Tegucigalpa
Capital: Mexico City
Largest City: Guadalajara
Capital: Managua
Largest City: Leon
Capital & Largest City: Panama City

The Hispanophone Caribbean

Capital & Largest City: Havana
Capital: Santo Domingo
Largest City: Santiago
Capital & Largest City: San Juan

The Francophone Caribbean

Capital & Largest City: Port-au-Prince

South America

Andean Nations

Capital: Sucre
Largest City: Santa Cruz
Capital & Largest City: Bogota
Capital: Quito
Largest City: Guayaquil
Capital & Largest City: Lima

The Southern Cone

Capital & Largest City: Buenos Aires
Capital & Largest City: Santiago
Capital & Largest City: Asuncion
Capital & Largest City: Montevideo

In Their Own League

Capital: Brasilia
Largest City: Sao Paulo
Capital & Largest City: Caracas

See also


Alternative Title(s):

Lat Am