Honduras is a Central American country. Like its neighbors, it is Spanish-speaking and a part of the short-lived Central American Federation. The majority of the population were mestizos and Indians.
Honduras used to be part of the Maya civilization until the Spanish arrived in the 1500s. When the revolution in Mexico in the 1810s and 1820s occurred, the country was a Mexican province. Needless to say, the Hondurans and the other Central Americans aren't happy with this, and they broke away to form the Central American Federation. It didn't last long; in 1838, Honduras proclaimed independence.
It had serious troubles with dictators, grinding poverty, natural disasters like hurricanes and floods [like in 1998 and 2008] and the like. In fact, Honduras was one of the countries that embody the Banana Republic
trope most faithfully; bananas used to be Honduras' number 1 export, and for a time, Honduras was the world's leading banana producer. These days, textiles are the leading export.
Honduras and El Salvador
fought the The Football War
, allegedly because of a dispute on a football match, but then, there are serious undertones as well. Many El Salvadorans emigrated to Honduras for work and were unhappy for their treatment. Honduras said that the Salvadorans claim a territory Honduras claims was rightfully theirs. The boundary dispute was settled once and for all in 1992 due to international arbitration.
The Honduran flag
Like those of Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala and Nicaragua, the Honduran flag reuses the design and colors of the flag of the Federal Republic of Central America, to which they once belonged, albeit in this case the colors also had unique symbolism — the blue upper and lower stripes symbolize both the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, while the white stripe in the middle stands for the country straddling between both oceans. The colors can also symbolize fraternity and peace, respectively. At the center are five blue stars, symbolizing the former components of the Central American federation as well as the hope for its rebirth.