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Shrunken Head
Hello, Mum.
"Over here is Chief Momi. He's the jungle's head salesman, but lately his sales have been shrinking."
Skipper of the Jungle Cruise

Shrunken heads are human heads that have been sliced open, had the skull removed and replaced with a wooden ball, the Mouth Stitched Shut, and is then boiled in treated water then dried out. The boiling causes the skin to shrink, and the drying process, using heated stones and sand, shrinks it even further. The effect produces a head that is considerably smaller than the original, often has deformities that give it an appearance that ranges from comical to nightmarish, and is essentially mummified. The process is detailed here.

In fiction shrunken heads can appear anywhere with a tribal setting, sometimes in fantasy, or just when creators need to make it clear that viewers are not in familiar territory anymore. What the heads are used for varies as well, sometimes being in the background among the possessions of a Nightmare Fetishist or Collector of the Strange. Other times they appear as the still-attached head of someone who ran afoul of some mystical tribe or Witch Doctor. Others will be an Oracular Head.

The practice originates with the Jivaroan tribes of the Amazon Rainforest, but has come to be associated with witch doctors. It did have religious significance, but when European explorers arrived, they became curiosities and there began to be a demand for them among the communities. Demand also sparked a rise in headhunting around the areas. Replicas can still be obtained in the Amazon from the same tribe, now made from goat skin. In fiction, however, they can turn up in just about any culture that has a jungle/tribal setting.

Part of Hollywood Voodoo. Related to Battle Trophy. Not to Be Confused with Tiny-Headed Behemoth, or the other meaning of "head shrinking".


Examples:

Advertising

Comic Books
  • EC Comics: Haunt of Fear #8 had the story "Diminishing Returns". Greedy New Yorker Vincent Beardsley goes to Ecuador to steal a tribal diamond. When the locals catch on, he sells out his friend, who is made into a shrunken head. Vincent gets his in the end, of course.
  • In the Tintin book The Broken Ear, Tintin and Ridgewell are captured by the Bibaros, who cut their enemies' heads and shrink them. They escape thanks to Ridgewell's ventriloquism.

Film Animated
  • In The Nightmare Before Christmas, the first boy to get a visit from Jack as Santa gets a shrunken head as a present.
  • Hotel Transylvania has shrunken heads on the room doors that seem to act as the "Do Not Disturb" cards in normal hotels. They also yell at the maids when the room needs to be cleaned.
  • In The Princess and the Frog, Dr. Facilier, the evil Witch Doctor states "I'm a royal too on my mother's side" during his Villain Song , and shows a woman's crowned, shrunken head to the prince he sings the song to.

Film Live Action

Literature
  • While one doesn't physically appear in Diary of a Wimpy Kid, Rodrick asks for one on his Christmas list. This is normal for him.
  • Moby-Dick. The innkeeper tells Ishmael that Queequeg is off in the town trying to sell his head, much to Ishmael's confusion. Ishamel freaks out later when Queequeg shows up in the shared bedroom with a shrunken head.
  • Goosebumps: In How I Got My Shrunken Head, the protagonist receives a shrunken head from his aunt, who's a scientist researching the island of Baladora. He later finds out that it glows because he possesses "Jungle Magic".
  • At the end of The Laundry Series short story "Pimpf", Bob's boss Angleton is seen playing with a Newton's cradle. Upon closer inspection the balls turn out to be the shrunken heads of the story's Big Bad Duumvirate, implied to be still alive and aware despite the treatment.
  • Robert A. Heinlein's short story Magic, Inc. While performing his duties as a "witch smeller" Dr. Royce Worthington carries around a pouch of magic-related items. One of them is a wrinkled black object the size of a man's fist, which turns out to be a mummified human head. Dr. Worthington explains that it's the head of his grandfather, whose spirit gives him advice in his work.

Live-Action TV

Newspaper Comics

Radio
  • The Escape episode "Price of the Head" has a drunken loafer befriended by a South Seas islander; eventually the drunk commits murder and the islander offers to take him to his own home island. It turns out the loafer has a fine head of bright red hair, and having it as a trophy will make the native very powerful among his tribe...

Theme Parks
  • The Jungle Cruise in the Disney Theme Parks has a native witch doctor at the end holding a few of these, seemingly to sell to passing tourists. River guides at this point will usually insert an Incredibly Lame Pun.

Video Games
  • In World of Warcraft, Trolls are savage creatures (well, some of them) and practicioners of Hollywood Voodoo. Shrunken heads often show up in their culture, as trophies collected by their Headhunters or magic items used by their Witch Doctors.
  • The Necromancer from Diablo 2 can use shrunken heads as a shield, boosting his powers at the same time.
  • The Witch Doctor in Diablo III can use shrunken heads as a charm for their powers.
  • A non-horror/superstition example. A case in L.A. Noire features a shrunken head as a prominent clue. However, being a movie prop, it isn't actually real.
  • The Secret of Monkey Island: At one point, Guybrush trades a book called How to Get Ahead in Navigating for the shrunken head of a navigator how helps him through a labyrinth.

Western Animation
  • Beetlejuice has a character who appears to be based on the hunter at the end of the movie, in that he has a tiny head and his lips seem to be sewn together.
  • Having fled the mansion of the Mad Scientist, Josie And The Pussy Cats are soon captured by a tribe of Amazon natives. Lovable Coward Alex Cabot wonders what the natives will do with their captives. Gadgeteer Genius Valerie shows him some shrunken heads, and replies, "Do these answer your question?" Fortunately, the Pussy Cats are able to use the natives' superstition to effect an escape.
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