[[quoteright:234:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/latin_america.png]]
''Useful Notes on those places that are in the more Latin-influenced parts of the Americas.''

Latin America is a name that has gained prominence in the 19th century thanks to the French, who were the first to propose the term. As its name implies, it is the part of the Americas that is mostly influenced by the countries of Latin heritage (UsefulNotes/{{Spain}}, UsefulNotes/{{Portugal}} and UsefulNotes/{{France}}); however, in culture, only some parts of the Francophone (mainly those in the Caribbean) would be considered as Latin, while the others are more Anglo influenced.

As a whole, Latin America englobes most of the eponymous continent from Mexico to Argentina, with the exceptions of UsefulNotes/{{Belize}}, UsefulNotes/{{Guyana}} and UsefulNotes/{{Suriname}}, which are primarily Indo-Caribbean in culture. Historically, it was influenced by Catholicism, which in many of the countries has been designed the primary religion (but not state-endorsed), although Adventism has recently gained considerable popularity.

The term itself has provoked some problems regarding the usage of the name Latin or Latino, given that these terms are also used commonly to refer to the people born in Latin America, although they originally meant someone born in Lazio[[note]]Ancient Latium[[/note]], UsefulNotes/{{Italy}}.

[[index]]
!Countries and Dependencies
!!North America
!!!Northern America
* UsefulNotes/{{Mexico}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Mexico City

!!!The Caribbean
* UsefulNotes/{{Cuba}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Havana
* UsefulNotes/DominicanRepublic
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Santo Domingo
* UsefulNotes/{{Guadeloupe}} (administered by France)
->'''Prefecture''': Basse-Terre
->'''Largest City''': Pointe-à-Pitre
* UsefulNotes/{{Haiti}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Port-au-Prince
* UsefulNotes/{{Martinique}} (administered by France)
->'''Prefecture & Largest City''': Fort-de-France
* UsefulNotes/PuertoRico (administered by the United States)
->'''Capital & Largest City''': San Juan
* [[UsefulNotes/SaintBarthelemy Saint Barthélemy]] (administered by France)
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Gustavia
* UsefulNotes/SaintMartin (administered by France)
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Marigot

!!!Central America
* UsefulNotes/CostaRica
->'''Capital & Largest City''': San José
* UsefulNotes/ElSalvador
->'''Capital & Largest City''': San Salvador
* UsefulNotes/{{Guatemala}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Guatemala City
* UsefulNotes/{{Honduras}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Tegucigalpa
* UsefulNotes/{{Nicaragua}}
->'''Capital & Largest city''': Managua
* UsefulNotes/{{Panama}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Panama City

!!South America
!!!Eastern South America
* UsefulNotes/{{Brazil}}
->'''Capital''': Brasília
->'''Largest City''': São Paulo

!!!Southern Cone
* UsefulNotes/{{Argentina}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Buenos Aires
* UsefulNotes/{{Chile}}
->'''Capitals''': Santiago (constitutional), Valparaiso (legislative)
->'''Largest City''': Santiago
* UsefulNotes/{{Paraguay}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Asunción
* UsefulNotes/{{Uruguay}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Montevideo

!!!Andean States
* UsefulNotes/{{Bolivia}}
->'''Capitals''': Sucre, La Paz
->'''Largest City''': Santa Cruz de la Sierra
* UsefulNotes/{{Colombia}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Bogotá
* UsefulNotes/{{Ecuador}}
->'''Capital''': Quito
->'''Largest City''': Guayaquil
* UsefulNotes/{{Peru}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Lima
* UsefulNotes/{{Venezuela}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Caracas

!!!The Guianas
* UsefulNotes/FrenchGuiana (administered by France)
->'''Prefecture & Largest City''': Cayenne

!!See also
* ArgentineLiterature
* LatinAmericanLiterature
* UsefulNotes/TheMexicanRevolution
* SpanishLiterature
* UsefulNotes/SpanishLanguage
* UsefulNotes/PortugueseLanguage
[[/index]]
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