Gang Starr was a Hip-Hop duo consisting of rapper Keith "Guru" Elam ("Guru" standing for Gifted Unlimited Rhymes Universal) from Boston, Massachusetts and producer Christopher Martin (aka DJ Premier) from Houston, Texas.
Gang Starr actually got their start in 1985. At this time, DJ Premier (then known as Waxmaster C) was not part of the group; instead, Guru founded it with DJ 1, 2 B-Down. In 1987 and '88, they released three singles on vinyl, one of which was called "The Lesson", on a label called Wild Pitch Records. The group finally split in 1989, though, and the only one left that carried its name was Guru.
However, that same year he got in contact with DJ Premier, who sent him a beat tape. He liked it so much, he invited Premier to be part of Gang Starr. He accepted.
Along with a new single, "Words I Manifest", the duo released their debut album No More Mr. Nice Guy. The next year, a former DJ, Duff Marlowe, signed them to Chrysalis Records. The album (and subsequent albums) popularized the usage of jazz samples in hip-hop throughout the early-mid '90s, effectively creating what is known as Jazz Rap.
Somewhere between Daily Operation and Hard to Earn, they created the Gang Starr Foundation, which isn't a rap group per se, but a group of individual rappers the duo liked and wanted to sign. Its initial lineup was Jeru the Damaja, Big Shug, Lil Dap, and Melachi the Nutcrackernote .
Also during this time. Guru began his Jazzmatazz series of albums, taking the "Jazz Rap" tag to its logical conclusion by working with jazz musicians and singers to create a true blend of jazz and hip-hop.
After a four-year gap, the duo finally released their fifth album, Moment Of Truth. Around the time the album was being made, Guru was charged with gun possession. The album is somewhat centered around this. note
Gang Starr disbanded in 2003 after their last album The Ownerz. It's said that the two had a falling out, causing Guru to leave the duo. He continued to release solo albums after this.
In 2010, Guru died of heart cancer, shaking the hip-hop community to its foundations. DJ Premier did a tribute mix on his radio show called Live at Headquarterz in his honor.
These days, Premier, aside from hosting the aforementioned radio show, continues to produce for underground rap artists from all over the world, occasionally goes on tours (globally, even. He's played shows in Paris, Athens, and Osaka), and heads an underground label called Year Round Records. He has also started a collaboration project with Royce Da 5'9" called PRhyme. Do not compare them to Gang Starr, as Royce will have you know he does not intend to replace Guru.
Not to be confused with the 1980s cartoon Bravestarr.
- No More Mr. Nice Guy - (1989)
- Step in the Arena - (1991)
- Daily Operation - (1992)
- Hard to Earn - (1994)
- Moment of Truth - (1998)
- Full Clip: A Decade of Gang Starr - (1999)
- The Ownerz - (2003)
- Mass Appeal: the Best of Gang Starr - (2006)
- Added Alliterative Appeal: "What I'm Here 4" has two examples:MC's muttering menial madness, they get mobbed
You got a fly one bring one, or else I come to fling someExquisite exotic exciting type shit
- Alternative Hip Hop
- Author Appeal: The many jazz samples used throughout their discography comes from Guru being a huge jazz fan. See also "Jazz Thing" and "Jazz Music".
- Bald of Awesome: Guru.That's why they call me Baldhead Slick
- Boastful Rap: "I'm the Man," "You Know My Steez", and "Mass Appeal", just to name a few.
- Call-Back: The opening of Step In the Arena references "Premier and the Guru" from No More Mr. Nice Guy.
- Creepy Monotone: Guru was known for his subdued delivery, but the only true example of this trope in particular is "Take It Personal".
- Curb-Stomp Battle: Guru promised to deliver one to anyone who dared challenge him in a game of basketball in "Now You're Mine".
- Darker and Edgier: The sound of Hard to Earn in places. See New Sound Album below.
- Dream Team: Besides the duo themselves, we have:
- Early Installment Weirdness: No More Mr. Nice Guy featured more analog drums compared to the looped breaks of Arena and Daily Operation, and Guru's delivery is more energetic, as opposed to the more laid-back style he would go on to use.
- Earlier still, "The Lesson" features a minimalist drum machine-driven beat typical of rap at the time and even louder delivery from Guru, reminiscent of acts like LL Cool J. DJ Premier is also nowhere to be seen.
- Et Tu, Brute?: Discussed in "Betrayal". Also touched on briefly in the first verse of "Moment of Truth". "All 4 tha Cash" is also about this.
- Fun with Acronyms: Guru (Gifted Unlimited Rhymes Universal)
- Gold Digger: "She Knowz What She Wantz" warns listeners to avoid these.
- Gossip Evolution: Discussed and criticized in "No Shame in My Game". Also criticized for a few lines near the end of "Take it Personal".
- Grief Song: "In Memory Of..."
- Hidden Track: The Ownerz has the "snuck in the middle of the album" variant in the form of "Hiney".
- Hymn to Music: "Jazz Thing" and "Jazz Music" are tributes to Jazz and legendary Jazz musicians.
- "I Am" Song: "Premier and the Guru", the opener of their very first album.
- I Am Your Opponent: From "So Wassup?!":Now you're facin' me, I'm your ultimate challenger
- Instrumental Hip Hop: "DJ Premier In Deep Concentration", featuring only DJ Premier on the turntables.
- Letting The Air Out Of The Sample: At the end of "Just to Get a Rep", the sample slows to a stop.
- Lucky Charms Title: "The ? Remainz". The "?" is pronounced as "Question".
- Lyrical Cold Open: Inverted on "What I'm Here 4"; the song ends with Guru saying the last line of the verse after the music has already dropped out.
- Never My Fault: Criticized in "The Lesson".Stop blaming your problems on everyone elseAnd deal with the person inside of yourself
- New Sound Album: Premier said in an interview that he wanted Hard to Earn to sound less musical than the previous three albums so's to avoid Gang Starr being pigeonholed as a "Jazz Rap" duo. As a result, some of the beats sound more atonal and dissonant. Moment of Truth also counts since it was made after Premo developed his Signature Style.
- Ode to Intoxication: "Take Two and Pass" is about smoking blunts.
- Pre Ass Kicking One Liner: From "Now You're Mine".So prepare to suffer, boy, cause now you're mine.
- Production Throwback: The third verse of "Moment of Truth" takes some of its lyrics from an unreleased song called "I'm Not Superman" and slightly alters them.
- Punny Name: Gangster —> Gang Starr.
- Real Life Writes the Plot: According to Premier, "Just to Get a Rep" was inspired by a real-life carjacking that happened to Guru shortly before. The day after, the happened upon the carjacker and pursued him. Eventually, the jacker collided with another vehicle, killing him instantly.
- Scare Chord: "Jazz Thing" has a couple in the intro.
- Sequel Song: "Speak Ya Clout" is one to "I'm the Man", featuring the same lineup of artists, but this time in reverse order.
- Shout-Out: From "You Know My Steez":
- "Brainstorm" has Guru singing part of the Community Audition theme song, albeit a slightly altered version.
- Spelling Song: "The Planet", which has this as the chorus:I'm gonna make it god dammitOut in B-R-double-O-K-Lyn, The Planet
My religion is rapR-A-PR-E-A-L-I-T-Y, G
- "Mostly tha Voice" from the same album is another example:
You say you're R-E-P-R-E-S-E-N-T-I-N-G?You're frontin', boy, come against me
- From "So Wassup?!"
- Step Up to the Microphone: "Words from the Nutcracker" from Hard to Earn, entirely rapped by Melachi the Nutcracker from Group Home.
- Tall Poppy Syndrome: These lines in "Moment of Truth" reference this:Always, selfish jealous punks will wanna pull yaDown, just like some shellfish in a bucket
- There Should Be a Law: From "Take it Personal":I flip lines and rhymes that never sound like yoursThere oughta be laws against you yapping your jaws
- Three Chords and the Truth: "Same Team No Games" consists only of two musical notes, a drum beat, scratches, and pure lyricism from Guru and guest rappers NYG'z. "Brainstorm" is even more minimal, featuring only drums, some blips and sirens in the background, and Guru's vocals.
- "The Lesson" also qualifies. It mostly consists of a drum beat, some scratching, and a repeated horn hit. A bassline and horn section is introduced a few of times later in the song, but it doesn't last very long.
- Title Track: Hard to Earn is the only album not to have one. "Mass Appeal" retroactively became this on their second compilation album.
- Word Purée Title: "DWYCK", which comes from an inside joke.
- "World of Cardboard" Speech: The second verse of "Moment of Truth", about how even though Guru is fearful of his situation, he'll remain calm and not buckle under the pressure.The situation that I'm facin, is mad amazinTo think such problems can arise from minor confrontationsNow I'm contemplatin in my bedroom pacinDark clouds over my head, my heart's racinSuicide? nah, I'm not a foolish guyDon't even feel like drinking, or even gettin highCause all that's gonna do really, is accelerateThe anxieties that I wish I could alleviateBut wait, I've been through a whole lot of other shit, beforeSo I oughta be able, to withstand some moreBut I'm sweating though, my eyes are turning red and yoI'm ready to lose my mind but instead I use my mindI put down the knife, and take the bullets out my nineMy only crime, was that I'm too damn kindAnd now some scandalous motherfuckers wanna take what's mineBut they can't take the respect, that I've earned in my lifetimeAnd you know they'll never stop the furious force of my rhymesSo like they say, every dog has its dayAnd like they say, God works in a mysterious waySo I pray, remembering the days of my youthAs I prepare to meet my moment of truth
- Xtreme Kool Letterz and Letters 2 Numbers: As with many hip-hop acts, they tended to do this with their song titles. Examples include, "What I'm Here 4". "She Knowz What She Wantz", and "Deadly Habitz".