Subverted in the case of Chibitalia, Hungary, Austria and HRE. Austria's mansion is pretty big but the end of the Chibitalia strips suggests (if not outright states) that their spending wealth is very limited, which is remarked when HRE leaves the mansion with other Germanic states.
Meido: As a young child living with Austria, Italy used to wear maid outfits. Especially in the Chibitalia chapter, which lampshades the trope when the Holy Roman Empire is seen with a portrait of Chibitalia and is asked if the model was a servant.
Unsettling Gender-Reveal: Young Prussia used to think that young Hungary was a boy, until he got to grope her chest. And some other characters thought that Chibitalia (child North Italy) was a little girl (the Holy Roman Empire included), until he hit puberty.
It's implied, however, that Austria was the only one in Italy's surrounding that, by the time he got his growth spurt, still ignored that he was a boy. Hungary is not surprised at all to see Italy as a young teenager, while Austria is.
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The Holy Roman Empire
Italy, come with me, and become the Roman Empire again!
Voiced by: Jun Konno (JP), Chris Cason (EN)
Childhood Friend Romance: One-sided on his part with Italy. According to France (in a deleted strip), HRE apparently perished in the war, but some definite hints say HRE actually lost his memory in the war and was found by Prussia later, then raised by him to become Germany.
Monochromatic Eyes: In the manga and merchandise. Subverted in the anime, where his eyes are changed to be brighter and with pupils and shine to them, as well as in the very recent strip of him as an older child/teen where his eyes are drawn with pupils.
Puppy Love: He has a crush on Chibitalia, but he doesn't know Chibitalia is actually a boy. Later, as Germany, he has a crush on Italy again and he's quite scandalized by the fact he tries to date a guy. If he is actually Germany. (Though the hints are really, really laid thick)
Satellite Character: Is HRE the boss? Does he just own the house? He doesn't interact much with the others. He's not Germany, by the way. Or is he?
Best Her to Bed Her: Subverted. Apparently, Austria didn't do quite a good job at besting her, but she fell in love with him anyway. While in the 2013 Halloween event, her conditions for Italy to touch her chest were simply a height requirement...which he was too tall for.
Bifauxnen: For a request during the April Fool's 2011 event, Himaruya drew her dressed in a prince-like outfit with Liechtenstein. She also had shades of this when she was younger before she discovered she was a woman.
Her Halloween costume in the 2011 event was also a prince.
Not to mention her fancy outfit in the Gakuen games also qualifies as this.
And her uniform which is much more masculine than Belarus and Ukraine's.
Bokukko: When she was a child, Hungary spoke rather boyishly, assuming that she was a boy and would grow up into a man (heck, when her breasts started developing, she actually thought that she was sick...). Ever since she grew out of this, though, she has perfectly feminine speech patterns, only reverting to boyish speech when she's very pissed off.
Wholesome Crossdresser: Himaruya originally intended to have Hungary as a crossdressing male. He used this idea for Poland instead.
Frying Pan of Doom: Contrary to what fanon says, she doesn't attack Prussia with this... France is more likely to be her fry-panning target. The frying pan probably comes from 'László the Brave,' a Hungarian slapstick comedy in the vein of 'Punch and Judy,' where the titular hero uses a huge frying pan to beat up his enemies.
She loves the hot springs and she likes to sing scary songs!
Ninja Maid: Hungary often dresses up as a meido (especially in the Maria Theresa mini arc). She's also very willing to use her spear to defend herself and/or Austria. Her outfit is a mix of traditional Hungarian dress or folk attire and a maid outfit. In Chibitalia we see Italy working as a maid at the "Holy Roman Empire Household" and dressing up as a maid, and when Hungary is introduced as his Cool Big Sis it's said they're technically in the same situation. And in "France and the frying pan", she's clearly wearing a normal maid outfit.
One of the Boys: Often portrayed as this in fandom, as well as in canon itself.
Only Sane Woman: In the days of North Italy and the Holy Roman Empire's childhood. She's the only one who seems to pick up on certain things, like Chibitalia actually being a guy and HRE's obvious crush on him, mainly because Austria is too busy trying to keep the Germanic brothers from rocking the boat too much, and the Germanic brothers are too busy fighting each other... again...
Otaku Surrogate: Fangirls adore the fact that the girl who appears the most loves male-on-male porn as much as they do.
Passionate Sports Girl: Play this role in Gakuen Hetalia. She's a member of the swimming team and in the most recent Gakuen strip/TV episode she and Australia are seen lounging around in swimsuits. The PSP game also has her in a sports competition.
Platonic Life Partners: Kinda hinted to be this with Poland, which is supported by the historical connections between both nations. She refers to him as "Po-chan" ("Popo"), to start.
Plucky Girl: Described as unlucky, but gets past her hardships.
Raised as the Opposite Gender: As a child, Hungary had apparently been raised as a boy and even thought herself as one until she recognized herself as a girl. But while she's since become more feminine, there's still a good deal of her masculine upbringing left over especially when she's pissed off.
Rapunzel Hair: It often depends on the strip, but her hair sometimes is drawn to be past her waist and incredibly thick and wavy.
Sexy Santa Dress: She's shown wearing one rather seductively in the 2009 Christmas strips.
Also slightly subverted, due to her status as a Yaoi Fangirl. She does love and care for Austria, but rarely minds seeing her husband/boyfriend being felt up by other males...
Sitcom Archnemesis: She gets riled up whenever Romania's around. As shown in the 2011 Bloodbath, wherein there's already a bad tension in the air when Romania appears before they engage in massive Passive-Aggressive Kombat. Hetalia Hetaween 2013 meanwhile suggests that she also feels this way to a smaller degree whenever France, Spain and Prussia are around.
Slasher Smile: In at least one occasion, especially if Prussia's involved.
Stay in the Kitchen: Inverted and subverted. Aside from becoming tough out of necessity, upon realizing that she's female, Hungary seems fine slipping into a more "womanly" mold and becoming Austria's maid. On the other hand, it's shown over time that just because she's a woman doesn't mean she's any less badass than the male Nations. It's no surprise that as an adult, she's both clearly feminine and one of the manlier characters in Hetalia.
Sweet Polly Oliver: Back when she thought herself a boy. Although even grown up, her uniforms tend to be very masculine.
Tsundere: She has hints of this, especially with Austria and Prussia. Her dynamic with Austria over the centuries is also described as one of both defiance and deep longing.
Unsettling Gender-Reveal: Prussia, possibly several other nations, and Hungary herself were all rather surprised to find out that Hungary was a girl.
Yaoi Fangirl: Hungary loves nothing more than watching men having sex. Even if it's her husband. Who are we kidding, she loves it especially if it's her husband. ("Platonic and pure love", OUR FEET!) Justified Trope to a degree, considering Hungary's fame on pornography.
Aloof BigBrother Mentor: Though he served as Italy's mentor and brother figure when Italy was a child, he was also very strict and cold.
Germany refers to him as a brother figure in the recent manga, and while still a little cold he isn't as strict.
Awesome Anachronistic Apparel: Compared to most of the Nations, he's more often seen in older suits, is even seen in some canon works gardening while in 18th Century attire and almost always wears a jabot.
Also, in one of the strips when he's under attack and both he and Russia are stuck - he refuses to leave the battlefield and attempts to get free from the borderline quicksand he's stuck into. For a Non-Action Guy, that's quite impressive.
Dichter And Denker: The Dichter part, his musical skill being a nod to Austria's famous composers.
Elegant Classical Musician: Really handsome, really skilled in piano playing. The official calendar and several fanarts also make him a skilled violinist.
Ermine Cape Effect: Subverted. While most of his outfits aren't flashy, there's still an element of elegance and class in them, his cravat being a constant.
Even the Guys Want Him: While pretty much every male has this going on, let's not forget that his beautiful wife loves seeing them hit on him in canon.
Ill Boy: He was in a wheelchair for a time, according to some of Himaruya's notes Also, in a recent manga strip he's seen with injuries in his hands and rather weakened.
Impoverished Patrician: Just because the glory days of the Habsburgs are over doesn't mean Austria has to act like it. Prussia tries to blow his cover on his penny-pinching ways to Austria's archrival Switzerland. Too bad he forgets that for Switzerland, nothing is nobler than thrift.
Knight in Sour Armor: Austria's stoic, seemingly aloof facade tends to give this image of him in public.
No Sense of Direction: Says Word of God. Alluded to in the Valentine's strip when Austria is about to go out to get something for Hungary, and Germany tells him that he won't be able to come get him if he gets lost. Austria decides to make something with his own hands instead.
Again alluded to in Hetalia Bloodbath 2010 when he gets lost looking for the phone that's just in the next room.
Real Men Wear Pink: He sees himself as highly cultured, enjoys gardening and seems to be better at making pastries than actually fighting. And that's not counting the corset in Hetalia Bloodbath 2011. This is in turn in contrast to Hungary.
Shipper on Deck: Ships Germany/North Italy in the Buon San Valentino strips.
Stoic Spectacles: Actually, Austria has a great emotional range: he can be 'solemn', 'sullen', 'stern', 'saturnine', 'harsh' and 'sterner'.
Uptight Loves Wild: Him and Hungary, specially now that they're still somewhat in a relationship despite their divorce.
Vestigial Empire: He may no longer be a high and mighty Empire (and he sure misses it). But that hasn't stopped him from acting as though he still is one.
Weak, but Skilled: As Maria Theresa so aptly demonstrated, he's not exactly the epitome of fitness even back in his Glory Days. On the other hand, he is shown to be very talented in general and also tries his best to perform well in the battlefield whether it works or not.
Why Did It Have to Be Snakes?: He's TERRIFIED of sea creatures according to a Drama CD where he freaks out twice from Italy's catches, once over a crab and once over a sea star.
Prussia - Gilbert Beilschmidt
Mission Complete! Praise me! Hail me! On your knees!
Voiced by: Atsushi Kousaka (JP), Jonathan Brooks (EN)
Air Guitar: Does this with a broom in the anime. And it's glorious.
Basement-Dweller / Neet: Possibly one in the modern times, as he now lives in Germany's house instead of running a state of his own. It's unclear how much he contributes to the household chores, or taking care of the stately business. Apparently Germany does most of the work, and Prussia helps here and there. Fanon often depicts him as an outright Neet, and (potentially since then obsoleted) Word of God implies the same:
"Now he lives as a good-for-nothing at Germany's house and as an exclave in Russia!"
Beneath the Mask: Beneath his arrogant rudeness he does have other kinds of feelings too, namely loneliness. He doesn't like showing them to others, and only lets them see his Jerkass persona. Also see Hidden Depths below.
Berserk Button: Prussia seems to have a number of these, such as words that sound like Mark.
Big Brother Mentor: He's supposed to be this to Germany. Even though he doesn't really accomplish his job.
He had better results with America, though. Sort of.
Bi the Way: Has had some "moments" with Hungary, and is apparently interested in Italy. Not to mention there's the Foe Yay with Austria...
"He was the odd one in the HRE and by overcoming the odds he continued to gain strength and grew into a military state that could take on large-scale battles, leading to being acknowledged by the other Germanic states."
Early-Installment Weirdness: Had blond hair and blue eyes in his earliest colored appearances. Himaruya quickly lightened his hair and gave him red eyes, as he felt the original color scheme made him look too much like Russia (although Russia's eyes would also be changed to purple).
Foil: To Austria in personality and looks, but especially in their ways of gaining and maintaining power.
"It is said that Austria built an Empire without fighting (this could be really considered a great luck...), but Prussia, probably because he came so late, had no other choice but to fight bitterly for his greatness."
One of the Kids: As he is no longer a country, his position is like that of a young teenager who's still reliant on their guardian. He has to take orders from his younger brother.
A Man Is Not a Virgin: Subverted when he was a child: as a Teutonic Knight he was bound to celibacy. After becoming secularized he seems to have dropped his chasteness. Though we're let to understand he's not very succesful in courting anyone, so for all we know he could still be a virgin.
Men Don't Cry: He's incapable of admitting he's feeling any kind of weakness, sadness or fear. However, Prussia breaks down in tears rather often, but mostly manages to pull off some sort of Manly Tears. While insisting things like
The Nicknamer: To some extend. West, Old Fritz, the Aristocrat, Four-Eyes, Specs, the Pervert...
No Social Skills: Played for laughs (especially when he read a book about how to make friends), even if his characterization as the freak with no friends has since marched on. He also seems to just plain enjoy annoying people with his tactless behavior.
"Alright! It's fun to poke that aristocrat and see his reaction!"
OOC Is Serious Business: As he usually keeps up his grin even when he's feeling miserable or insecure, when he gets serious something big is going on. Most notably did this while Hungary came into accepting she's a female.
Raised by Dudes: Hinted by Hungary in one comic, mentioning how Prussia was "surrounded only by men" since birth. All the other characters are nations by birth, and have grown up representing normal people of both genders leading normal lives from the cradle to the grave. For a long time Prussia represented nothing but already grown-up males leading a militaristic, ascetic life style.
" Prussia around this time was really ghastly in a lot of ways, huh."
Spell My Name with an S: There is a speculation for the spelling of his surname for either "Weillschmidt" or "Beilschmidt". However, Beilschmidt is considered the more correct spelling by most fans, since it is an actual German name unlike Weillschmidt.
The Strategist: Learns his Strategy-fu from Old Fritz, and is later shown teaching it to Germany. It's necessary for him, as he's not the nation blessed with the largest of population, or the most advantageous of geography.
Author's Note: Prussian-style is extremely harsh. Training; Abuse; Training; Abuse
Undying Loyalty: Said to be very loyal to his bosses, and shown to still be very fond of Old Fritz's memory.
Used to Be a Sweet Kid: Averted when he was an actual child, but he was a relatively nice teen. He mellowed out after coming under Poland's rule, and was modest and unremarkable in comparison to his siblings. Then House Hohenzollern and Brandenburg came along and the rest, as they say, is history.
White Hair, Black Heart: Downplayed - he's not one bit aloof, is usually depicted as ego-centric and malicious jerkass but a good and loveable person. But he plays this very straight at times, such as when he was going to decapitate Poland after he surrendered.
IcyGreen Eyes: For his grumpy, impersonal nature to anyone not his sister. His eyes can also be an allusion to the diverse landscape of icy mountains, clear blue lakes and rivers, and the green fields and forests his land is often noted for.
Ineffectual Loner: He's shown to be rather reclusive and doesn't seem to like parties, not to mention his infamy of keeping others out of his land by shooting at them. But at the same time, he still ends up talking to Austria in modern day and when France comes to visit him, he openly complains and seems very annoyed but doesn't actually make an effort to throw him out. Then there's Liechtenstein...
Proper Lady: Has the personality traits: hardworking, mature, polite, very competent in housework, sweet and devoted to those she loves without being an Extreme Doormat. In fact, she is so far the only girl to be considered as such. Just compare with either Hungary, Belarus or Vietnam
Rags to Riches: Her living standards were still kinda shaky and unwell until World War II was fully over, even with Switzerland's help. And now she and her lands are freaking loaded.
Sexy Santa Dress: Drawn wearing one during one of the Christmas Events. Albeit not incredibly revealing, it was a lot shorter than pretty much all of her other dresses.
Tertiary Sexual Characteristics: Due to her, um, lack of secondary characteristics, Switzerland just buys her a blue hair ribbon so no one mistakes her for a boy again.
The Gunslinger: In Fanon as a consequence of her emulating Switzerland constantly. She has been occasionally shown in some sort of military training with him, carrying a rifle on her back, so somewhat confirmed.
The Unpronounceable: At one point in the dub, the Narrator apparently has trouble pronouncing Liechtenstein's name correctly. When she does, the child audience cheers.