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"This guy has walked out of a venue and collapsed in the middle of a public bar. His best mate who's the only doctor in the building has been picked up and carried away by security. His girlfriend has stepped over his prone body to ask me for an autograph. And now Bart Simpsonis telling him to come away from the light! THAT IS SURREAL!"
Something that's so bizarre and inexplicable that it's funny. This is a strange version of Crossing the Line Twice: It takes talent (or luck) to make something so mind screwy and WTF-inducing that it makes you laugh.
Almost every comedy in history has used this at least a few times. It's usually mixed in with other Comedy Tropes, and an undercurrent of it can be felt througout many shows. However, some take it above and beyond any sense of normalcy.
There are several genres dedicated to this trope. It's the main selling point of Gag Series, surreal comedy and Dada Comics, and a main feature of Post Modern comedy. This type of humor has exploded in all forms with the rise of the internet; many memes take this form.
This trope often overlaps with So Bad, It's Good, especially when a work falls into this by accident.
This commercial for an online shoe shop called Zalando. It starts off pretty normal, with a frightened guy saying you shouldn't let your wife/girlfriend/sister discover the online shop because she will buy excessive amounts of shoes. The commercial ends with a delivery man ringing the door bell. A woman who bought the shoes screams in excitement, the frightened guy screams in fear... and the delivery man screams for no reason with a bored facial expression.
Bobobo-bo Bo-bobo is the very essence of this trope: A man who can communicate with all body hair sets out on a quest to stop the bald overlord from "bald-ifying" everyone on the planet. Bo-bobo fights many bizarre enemies along the way, mostly by confusing the ever-loving hell out of them (and, in the process, the audience).
Papuwa covers the adventures of a soldier who is stranded on an island with all sorts of bizarre creatures and people, including the eponymous island-boy Papuwa.
Jungle wa Itsumo Hare nochi Guu: A boy living in a jungle village with his dippy, drunken single mom finds his life turned upside-down by a mysterious girl with crazy powers who seems to have devoted her life to tormenting him.
Cromartie High School: A parody of Japanese high-school "delinquent dramas" involving the everyday lives of a band of wannabe tough-guys. The main character's school mates include a robot, a gorilla, and a Freddie Mercury look-alike.
Super Milk Chan chronicles the adventures of a smart-mouthed pre-school "superhero" named Milk-Chan, who is called upon frequently by the President of Everything to fight crime, but usually just messes around with her friends.
Pani Poni Dash!: A moody child genius whose best friend is a depressed talking rabbit becomes a high-school teacher to a class of eccentrics and misfits while secretly being observed by aliens. And let's not even get started on the class representative, Ichijou...
Nichijou is a sketch comedy about a mostly-ordinary high school class... except one of the students is a robot girl with a wind-up key sticking out of her back, and another keeps producing guns from nowhere. Even the seemingly-ordinary characters in this show tend to wildly overreact to things.
FLCL is a coming-of-age story that combines guitars, an alien invasion, gratuitous sexual symbolism, and robots coming out of a pre-teen boy's head.
There once was a Disney Comics series Goofy as [insert historical person here] (from Italy, I think). Mainly it was the life story of a famous man, retold as The Theme Park Version, with Goofy as Leonardo da Vinci / Marco Polo / Casanova / whomever, Mickey as his sidekick, Pete as an antagonistic character and occasionally other Disney characters too. But inbetween, this series often brought sheer absurd gags which weren't commented or lampshaded: A royal guard driving a unicycle, a woman wearing a fried egg on her hat, a spaghetti salesman making his noodles dance, just like a snake charmer... lots of it.
Dead Pool comics. The fact that he constantly breaks the fourth wall and seems to be fully aware that he's a comic book character is only the tip of the iceberg.
That kid actually comes back later in the film when seen by the main character who is dying in a hospital. The kid is with a man in a bunny costume who is holding a plate full of... PANCAKES. And he has syrup in the other hand! According to the end credits, said bunnyman is played by "We'll Never Tell".
It's not unexpected that the fevered protagonist might be hallucinating, but it's still jarring that it's presented as such a surreal alligator moment. No visual artifacts, no other hallucinations, just a giant, quickly-glimpsed rabbit.
Karel Zeman's work doesn't just blur the line between fantasy and surrealism; it completely erases the line, then washes out any remaining traces of it, then waltzes all over and around where the line used to be.
Henrik Drescher's children's book Klutz is filled to the brim with this brand of humor, especially concerning the family's clumsiness being caused by their over-sized black boots.
In That Mitchell and Webb Look the "Numberwang" sketches rely on this. A game show that adheres to no comprehensible rules, but which appears to mostly consist of saying random numbers. And everything not related to the game itself is equally bizarre.
Host: Joining me tonight are Julie, who's from Yorkshire, and Simon, who's from a factory and made of a special metal. So, Julie, ever killed a man?
Green Wing has moments like this most noteably when Sue White manually takes Mac's sperm whilst he's in a coma so she can have his baby and gives birth to a baby lion. Most of the other scenes involving Sue White are also surreal.
There is an episode where doctors create a human pyramid at different windows throughout the episode to show a picture of Jesus' face to confuse everybody.
Danger 5 has a bit of this. For one thing, the team, upon returning to base, receive a dressing-down from their boss, who happens to have an eagle's head. They later get attacked by Nazi apes, and stumble across a rock band in tropical Antarctica composed of hipster Neanderthals.
The Mighty Boosh. Noel Fielding gave the probably most accurate definition of the series: "If Dali made a show, hopefully it would look like this."
Twin Peaks. Surreal, absurd, soapy, highly-original mystery show peppered with frequent, off-beat comedy.
Some works by The Bonzo Dog Doo Dah Band ("Doo Dah" was originally "Dada"), who appeared in the pre-Python show Do Not Adjust your Set and were cited by Eric Idle as a major influence on Python's surrealism.
Founder Bonzo Vivian Stanshall went on to record solo songs and comic monologues which were, if anything, even weirder.
Another singer/raconteur in similar vein was Scotland's Ivor Cutler.
Radiohead released a DVD called "The Most Gigantic Lying Mouth of All Time," which, among other things, features hilariously surreal interviews with the band members.
When The Lonely Island aren't parodying music and hip-hop cliches, they're doing this. Prime examples include "Jack Sparrow", "Punch You In The Jeans", "Meet the Crew", "Space Olympics", and "I Fucked My Aunt". Another common staple of theirs is a premise that starts innocuously but then slowly descends into insanity, as seen in "Like a Boss", "Dreamgirl", and "I Run New York" among others.
The music videos, tour antics, promotional materials and overall atmosphere generated by Miley Cyrus during her promotion of the 2013 album Bangerz is fueled on this, when it's not the usual Refuge in Audacity or Hotter and Sexier. From dancing midgets and...erm, bottom-heavy twerking dancers, to dancing rainbows, teddy bears and unicorns, to the Deranged Animation projected onscreen during the Bangerz Tour, to the surrealism surrounding her "We Can't Stop" video, all convention seems thrown out the window.
The Goon Show. Where to begin? Exploding taxis, a jet-propelled NAAFI, pianos with diplomatic immunity, bent spoons in lieu of money... Monty Python may be better known, but the Goons got there more than a decade earlier.
The Burkiss Way could get very strange at times. One sketch involves an office worker who is employed as a token Desmond Dekker and the Aces for contractual reasons, despite being an amoeba and annoying the other workers by constantly reproducing asexually by mitosis during office hours. And he can't even get the song right.
robotfindskitten, while allegedly being "zen", is arguably all about the bizarre, meta-referencing "non-kitten objects" you can find. Some are just plain Pythonesque. Samples include: "A livery stable! Get your livery!", "It's the horizon. Now THAT's weird.", and "Look, it's Fanny the Irishman!".
Earthworm Jim was a game that opened with you launching a cow out of catapult, so it was never the most sane of games in the first place. Earthworm Jim 2 however was just flat-out surreal. Suddenly transforming into a flying blind cave salamander that flies through the game's Womb Level, inflating your head like a balloon while a demonic cat shoots darts at you, and an entire level made out of meat are just the icing on the cake.
Psychonauts thrives on this trope thanks to the theme of entering the minds of the mentally unstable leading to some pretty surreal scenarios.
The Alfreds Playhouse videos have quite a bit of this, including singing about Alfred's sexual abuse and his escape from it into fantasy to the tune of the Pee-Wee's Playhouse theme song, Dictator Alfred is friends with cheerful imagined versions of Hitler and Stalin, and Alfred cross-dresses from time to time.
Homestar Runner has this kinda stuff all over the place. The email virus notably, begins with Strong Bad getting an email comprised of demented code, which mocks him when he tries to delete it, and things get weirder throughout the toon.
Bravest Warriors, which takes all the weirdness of shows like Adventure Time and raises it Up to Eleven. One episode involves the crew being pestered by an Emotion Lord, a crazy old Reality Warper who does things like conjure a swarm of chocolate puppies. Another episode stakes the future of a race of buttless aliens on whether Beth and Chris can patch things up between a pair of energy beings that possess people's backsides and make them swell to enormous size.
Aqua Teen Hunger Force by its very nature (a rambling, nonsensically-titled show in which the three main characters are animated fast-food items) is built on this trope. Specific examples include the deranged Dr. Weird and his "experiments" that include demanding that his assistant chop off his head so hard that the High-Pressure Blood propels his body to Phoenix, and one episode which featured bacteria that infect Master Shake for the purpose of performing bad theater productions in his brain.
The spiritual father of these shows, Space Ghost Coast to Coast started out as campy parody but especially in the latter half of the series tilted heavily into this camp. Often, Space Ghost seems barely interested in doing his job as a talk show host and if it makes him look bad in the process, Zorak and Moltar are there to help him.
Adventure Time, a show about a teenage boy and his best friend who is also a dog with elasticity powers fighting multiple threats to their kingdom, comprised almost entirely of talking candy, at the behest of a princess made of bubblegum, makes a living off of this kind of humor.
Of course, even the God of Disorder himself has nothing on Pinkie Pie, who has this trope down to a science. Among her more notable feats are appearing in multiple places at once during a song, showing up in a mirror without being in the room, sprouting two additional pairs of limbs, walking on thin air, and morphing her own faceinto that ofa G3 pony.
Uncle Grandpa, the story of an eccentric, Inexplicably Awesome old man who is "everyone in the world's grandpa and uncle", and who travels the Earth getting young people in (and out) of crazy misadventures, often with the help of his Lizard Folk sidekick Mr. Gus and the aptly-named Giant Realistic Flying Tiger.
The Amazing World of Gumball is about the everyday life of a young boy and his family. Did we mention the boy and his mother are blue anthropomorphic cats, his sister and father are pink rabbits, his brother is a goldfish that spontaneously sprouted legs one day and was adopted by the family, and his love interest is a talking peanut with antlers?