"People always want an explanation of everything. It is the consequence of centuries of bourgeois education. And for everything for which they cannot find an explanation, they resort in the last instance to God. But what is the use of that? Eventually they have to explain God!"Luis Buñuel (1900-1983) was a Spanish filmmaker best known for his surrealist works such as Un Chien Andalou, L'Age d'Or and The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie. He debuted in 1929 with Un Chien Andalou, which was his first taste of the controversy and negative reactions he would experience over the years. Over his career, he would win several awards at film festivals around the world, and Discreet Charm won the Academy Award for Best Foreign Film. He died in Mexico City, Mexico in 1983.As usual, you can find the basics at The Other Wiki and at IMDB.
Works by Luis Buñuel that have pages on TV Tropes: (in chronological order)
- The Fall of the House of Usher (screenplay)
- Un Chien Andalou
- Los Olvidados
- The Exterminating Angel
- Belle de Jour
- The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie.
- Author Appeal: His films often have scenes that were filmed simply so he could film scenarios involving his various fetishes.
- Authors of Quote: Several of his quotations have become this among movie aficionados and in Spanish culture.
- Autobiography: 1983's Mon Dernier Soupir (My Last Sigh).
- Black Comedy: All of his films, even the ones that are kind of serious.
- Christianity Is Catholic: Despite being a professed atheist, Bunuel admitted that he felt most at home with Catholic culture, all his films heavily feature Catholic imagery even the ones in Mexico (which has a more syncretized kind of Catholicism).
- Happy Ending: Surprisingly there are films with this. Most famously and ironically, The Criminal Life of Archibaldo de la Cruz
- Humans Are Bastards / Humans Are Morons: The general sense you get from his movies.
- Eye Scream: Un Chien Andalou provides one of the most famous examples.
- France: One of the countries where he worked. His film L'Age d'Or was banned in France for nearly forty years.
- Le Film Artistique: Un Chien Andalou was a pioneer of this. L'Age d'Or is even moreso.
- Gainax Ending: In most of his films. Some notable examples include Tristana, The Phantom of Liberty, That Obscure Object of Desire, The Exterminating Angel, Simon of the Desert and many others.
- Mexico: He worked there for several years following his exile from Spain. Initially he went to America and worked in the Museum of Modern Art but he was fired for being an atheist.
- Mind Screw: Oh yeah. Often for the viewers and, in Discreet Charm, even for the characters.
- No Ending: His favorite kind of ending.
- Raised Catholic: He broke away when he was 16 and rebelled against it heavily in his work."Thank God I'm an atheist."
- His movies tend to mock and deconstruct several concepts of Catholic religion and iconography, despite this he enjoyed spending time with priests and debating with them on religion. One of his movies, Nazarin featuring a heroic priest character, who Buñuel claimed to have liked, is highly regarded by the Church.
- Surreal Humor: Of course. Un Chien Andalou was responsible for the Surrealists accepting Buñuel and Dalí as their own. But all his films have this really.
- We Used to Be Friends: He and Salvador Dalí had a very nasty falling out during the production of L'Age D'Or, due to Buñuel's Communist sympathies and Dalí's support for aristocrats and, later, Spanish dictator Generalissimo Francisco Franco. They never resolved their issues either. The other reason was that Buñuel was also friends with Federico García Lorca and took his side following his fallout with Dali.