William Howard Taft (September 15, 1857 March 8, 1930) was the 27th President of the United States (1909 to 1913), following Theodore Roosevelt and preceding Woodrow Wilson. He was the ninth President from the Republican Party. He also served as Governor-General of the Philippines◊ from 1901 to 1903 and Chief Justice of the United States from 1921 from 1930. New Mexico and Arizona became states during his Presidency.
One probably apocryphal legend credits him for introducing the "seventh-inning stretch" to baseball. Interestingly, he was also the first President to throw out the ceremonial "first pitch" on Opening Day.
Known for being pretty heavy and once getting stuck in his own bathtub (though that was a myth; Taft had an extra-large tub installed before taking office, and when he traveled, he showered). We also all know that the Oval Office used to be called the Round Office until he walked in. Taft had a sense of humor about his weight, though, often joking about it himself.note More troubling to his contemporaries was Taft's tendency to fall asleep at public events. Funny enough, he lost at least 80 pounds during his presidency and he became more interested in the outdoors afterward.
As America: The Book pointed out, Taft was also the only President to become Chief Justice of the United States, but nobody remembers that. Taft was also responsible for ordering electric power installed at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue. It was his wife Helen who suggested that Japanese cherry trees be planted throughout the city of Washington, and these remain one of the city's most famous features to this day.
It's worth noting that becoming Chief Justice (or at least serving on the Supreme Court) was his life's dream: he only ran for president because T.R. and his wife wanted him to (ironically, as his wife suffered a stroke shortly after his inauguration, she was never able to enjoy her office as much as she might have liked). Almost as ironically, it would be T.R. running third party that prevented Taft from getting a second term; said rift between T.R. and Taft drove the Republican Party away from progressivism, which would later be picked up by Teddy's cousin, FDR. Both men regretted the split, and Roosevelt and Taft publicly reconciled shortly before TR's death.
Taft was appointed to the court by Warren Harding, and is the only former president to have administered the oath of office to an incoming president (He did it for both Calvin Coolidge and Herbert Hoover). He's usually held to have been a good Chief Justice — indeed, the traits that made his presidency somewhat messy (hesitation, considering all sides of the issue at hand, worrying over every little detail, etc.) were qualities that usually work well for a judge. Moreover, these very traits are probably what led him to write a famous dissenting opinion in Adkins v. Children's Hospital, in which he argued against the very laissez-faire, classically Republican idea of "freedom of contract" as a fundamental constitutional right. (Taft's view of the issue would be adopted in due course, over several cases, primarily issued by justices appointed by FDR.)note
He was the last President to have a mustache, or indeed, facial hair of any kind, possibly reflecting a rather unfortunate bias against it. Also the first president to be buried at Arlington National Cemetery.
Taft came from Ohio (Cincinnati, to be exact), and his family is still active in Ohio state politics. (They also founded the now-defunct Taft Broadcasting, which owned, in addition to television and radio stations, Hanna-Barbera, Ruby-Spears, and other various entertainment ventures; Dudley Taft lost control of the company in 1987, and it was subsequently renamed to Great American Broadcasting and later Citicasters. It ultimately was absorbed into what's now Clear Channel.)
Taft in fiction
- In Arsenic and Old Lace, Theodore Brewster believes that he's Theodore Roosevelt and, after being told his term is up, he mistakes someone else for Taft trying to move in early.
- In The Simpsons, Montgomery Burns' mother had an affair with him, for which Monty never forgave her. Homer, conversely, was rather impressed, leading him to quip, "Taft, you dog!" In another episode, Milhouse draws mustaches at portraits of former Presidents but doesn't know what to do with Taft's portrait.
- In Ozy and Millie, Llewellyn claims to be responsible for the bathtub thing.
- Taft appears as a villain in an episode of Time Squad. It was a Scooby-Doo parody and Taft haunted the White House to scare Woodrow Wilson and anyone else who might foil his re-election campaign.
- In Johnny Dangerously during the flashback to Johnny's childhood, which is set in 1910, shows some silent documentary footage of Taft giving a speech while Johnny comments on the quality of life in America at the time.
- In Family Guy, Peter and friends go to a sex shop where he finds "vintage porn" featuring a flapper girl voting for Taft.
- Histeria! sang about him to the tune of the theme from — you guessed it — Shaft.
Froggo: Taft was the first president to use cars instead of horses.Toast: And the first president to throw out the first pitch at a baseball game.Charity: That's worth something, isn't it?
- In Tales Designed to Thrizzle, he's in show biz with Asp, billed as Asp'n'Taft.
- He appears in the Timeline-191 series by Harry Turtledove as a Democratic politician (the Democrats being the more right-wing of the parties in the rump USA) and later on so does his son Robert.
- President Taft's secret pony brigade from FilmCow.
- In Hale's Emerald Nuzlocke Adventure, Glacia's Walrien briefly turns into Taft, which of course sets up the joke of Teddy the Machoke caving his face in.
- The book Taft 2012 depicts a Taft who fell asleep on the day of Wilson's inauguration and woke up in the 21st Century. He promptly begins a run for President, adapting his Progressivism and trust-busting to our modern woes.
- "William Howard Taft" is a catchy ragtime number by the Two Man Gentleman Band that details Taft's prodigious size.
- Shows up in The Greatest Game Ever Played as a spectator for the titular golf game, in support of American Francis Ouimette against British legends Harry Vardon and Ted Ray.
- The Sylvester and Tweety Mysteries had an episode where the ghost of President Taft was trying to scare the current President away. The culprit, the Vice President, explained he chose Taft because he was the largest President ever, which would make him quite a scary ghost ... and the costume shop was out of Richard Nixon masks.
- In the first arc of Deadpool's Marvel Now volume, Dead Presidents, Taft is naturally one of the presidents who appears. He is constantly in his bathtub.
- Receives a mention in Inside Out; when deciding what to do with the memories of learning the US Presidents, Riley's memory workers eventually decide to remember Washington, Lincoln, and "the fat one" and dispose of the rest.
- In a bout of Self-Deprecation, Taft once said in regard to his presidency, "The truth is that in my present life I dont remember that I ever was President."