Real Life saints who have been invoked as patrons in fiction.
Many such saints have many legends accrete about a bare kernel of fact, such as a name listed as a martyr. Real legends that help explain their patronage may also be included below. An important theological underpinning is that these saints are intercessors. Having died and been canonizednote , the Church tradition says that each of these saints is in heaven with Godnote . Then, in their state of grace, these saints pray to God on behalf of the faithful who pray to them. Think of them as heavenly advocates who have some "insider perks" with the Almighty. Worshiping a saint is right out — also known as "putting other gods before God," which you might notice is not looked upon kindly. Anyway, saints aren't gods — they're just ordinary people who were extraordinarily holy.
Designations of SainthoodAside from the archangels, who are immortal by human standards and live outside of time, the first saints to exist are the evangelists and the apostles. These are two extremely exclusive groups: Evangelists wrote the Gospels, and there are exactly four of them: Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John (apocryphal writers dont count). The apostles number twelve, all men. They are the hand-picked among Jesus followers to be His closest students, and the leaders of His Church after His Ascension. (The Church doesnt recognize any female apostles, but women were a part of Christs ministry at the very beginning, including Mary, His Mother, Mary of Magdala, and more.)
After Christs Ascension, as Christianity grew in numbers, they began to face persecution by the Roman Empire. This led to the second chronological body of saints: Martyrs. The Roman Empire got extremely creative in its punishment of those who failed to honor the Roman gods (though reports about being fed to lions seem to have been greatly exaggerated). Those who continued to profess their faith even unto the moment of death were said to have borne witness to the divinity of Christ, and thus Christians called them martyrs, the Greek word for witness.
History turned onward, Constantine had a vision, and with one thing and another Christianity became the dominant faith of the Roman Empire, and then of Western Europe. Obviously as Christians were in power, the martyrdoms stopped — unless you were trying to convert non-Christians to the faith, and died by the hand of said non-Christians. Then you could still be called a martyr.
Different models of holiness rose into prominence. Confessor then was the title given to those who confessed the word of God in their words and deeds. Abbots and Abbesses founded and ran monastic communities dedicated to contemplation, or learning, or helping the poor. Stylites decided to remove themselves from the world as much as possible, by climbing to the exposed tops of pillars and staying there for years at a time, not unlike other saints who self-flagellated and mortified their flesh. Women who pledged their chastity to God and protected it with their life were given the title Virgin. And, of course, Popes are always popular candidates for Sainthood.
Feast DaysEvery day in the calendar, in the eyes of a strict Catholic, is the Feast Day of some saint or another (or a few). Some dates are the known anniversaries of births, deaths, or miracles. Others were older, pagan festivals of local deities that had been Hijacked by Jesus. And some days there doesnt seem to have been any rhyme or reason, but there was an empty day and a Saint to spare, so just put them together, and you have another feast day to celebrate.
A baby born on a saints feast day might be named after that particular saint, and gender is no obstacle. A little girl born on March 19th, the feast day of St. Joseph, would be named Josephine, for instance. The patron saint then acts as a sort of guardian angel (though not strictly angelic) for their little namesakes protection and guidance. Also frequently seen is that when Catholic churches are founded, they are named after the Saint on whose feast day the Church was consecrated, or founded, or when the first stone was laid, or so on. An icon or statue of that Saint will be placed prominently within the space, to remind the congregants who their patron is.
So You Want to Be a Patron Saint...The first step in becoming a Catholic saint is... to be Christian.note Be a baptized, practicing Christian, preferably one of the Catholic denominations (depending on which Pope you'd like to have canonize you). The second step is to live a good, virtuous life, to radiate Gods love and sanctity, and to be an inspiring example to others. The third step is to die.
Catholic tradition holds that the souls of the blessed reside even now in Heaven with the Almighty. We have precious few tropers editing this wiki in Heaven, so we have to stick with earthy matters of a process called canonization. Canonization is lengthy and complicated, and takes years. The candidates life is thoroughly examined, and those who knew the candidate in life testify to their holiness, while a Devil's Advocate looks into the most sordid elements of the candidates life, and accounts for why they are not worthy (yes, this is where the term comes from Devils Advocates are actually employees of the Vatican).
If your candidate passes this level, they are declared Venerable. The second threshold is passed when the candidates intercession (through prayer, or the use of a relic) brings about a miracle. After an investigation to be sure it was a miracle, and not a mistake, the Church then declares that the candidate is in heaven with God, and they are declared Blessed, or Beatified. Their recognition wont extend beyond their home diocese note . However, if the intercession of the candidate brings another miracle, then the candidate can be canonized, given the title of Saint, and recognized throughout the Catholic world. They might even get their own Feast Day.
Imagery, Relics, and Holy MiscellanyPretty much wherever saints appear, they are designated by their particular iconography. Evangelists, for example, carry a scroll or book and a quill, and their symbolic companion stands or floats beside them. Martyrs traditionally hold a palm, and often are depicted holding the weapons that killed them, sometimes even their own dismembered body parts. Its gruesome, but they stand triumphant, prevailing forever over the cruelty of the world. Saints whose patronage extends to entire nations will typically carry or wear national symbols. Separate saints have their own iconography, too much to get into here. The Other Wiki serves as an excellent resource, for the curious.
Several saints, including St. Francis of Assisi, are recognizable for bearing the stigmata. The stigmata is a Wound That Will Not Heal which mirrors the wounds of Christ's Passion, and it has five parts: the wounds from the nails driven into Christ's wrists and ankles, and the spear cut sliced into His side. Occasionally depictions include the punctures from the crown of thrones, and Maronite Catholicism recognizes an additional wound, the bruise on His shoulder from carrying the cross. God "blesses" sufficiently holy souls with the stigmata in recognition of their holiness and their desire to emulate Christ. Sometimes the stigmata causes great pain and stink, other times people report a saint's wounds as smelling sweet, with the "Odor of Sanctity." The wound can be partial; St. Rita of Cascia wore a thorn wound on her forehead, but nothing else. The Stigmata is frequently included in icons of Christ, and it's common for saint iconography, as well.
Relics are, in addition to frequent MacGuffins from old time Age of Empires campaigns, objects that are imbued with so much of the saints sanctity that they are themselves revered (not worshipped, mind just revered). Different relics are credited with miraculous healings, or have served as omens or oracles. There are two kinds: items touched by the saint, such as clothing or objects for Mass, and actual body parts of the saint, preserved behind glass and on velvet cushions. Some saints bodies are even credited with incorruptibility, meaning theyve been exhumed years post-mortem and their bodies are not decayed sometimes even fresh. (Catholicism is hardcore, man.) [[/folder]]
Note that Catholic Saints avert One Steve Limit hard — Saints are frequently given an extra title, such as their home town, to help distinguish them.
As a final note, although this page tries to talk about Christianity and saints with benevolence and very little irony, the communion of saints is not stainless, just like many other aspects of the Roman Catholic Church. While we can all agree that feeding the hungry and sheltering the homeless are good things to donote , other saints' legacies are contested. Let the Rule of Cautious Editing Judgment apply, in case of controversies.
Notes on the Church Year (Jesus Christ)Though technically not a saint, holy days revolving around Jesus Christ are included here because by default they take precedence over all other feast days. This includes all Sundays (with some elevated even further), celebrating the weekday of Jesus's resurrection, as well as a few weekdays and fixed days.
- Fourth Sunday before Christmas — Advent Sunday (Roman Catholic, Anglican, Lutheran)
Also described as the Sunday nearest the feast of Saint Andrew [30 November], this day marks the beginning of both the Advent season and the Western Church Year, when the faithful are encouraged to prepare for the celebration of the birth of Christ and anticipate his Second Coming at the end of time. Held between 27 November and 3 December.
- 25 December — Nativity of the Lord (Christmas) (Universal)
Perhaps the most popular (though not the holiest) day in the Church calendar, so much so it has even taken root in countries of a more secular, or at least non-Christian, leaning (probably because it is held near the end of the common year), this day celebrates the birth of Jesus in Bethlehem (in modern-day West Bank, Palestine). This day is also the beginning of the first half of Christmastide, twelve days of celebration which lasts until 5 January.
- Sunday between Christmas and New Year — Holy Family (Roman Catholic)
A celebration of Jesus, his biological mother Mary, and his legal father Joseph as the role model for Christian families. Under this title they are the patrons of Tulsa, Oklahoma. Held between 26 and 31 December, or fixed on 30 December should no Sunday fall between the aforementioned dates.
- 3 January — Holy Name of Jesus (Roman Catholic)
A commemoration of the circumcision and naming of the infant Jesus exactly a week after his birth [25 December]. Originally held on 1 January (as it still is by other Western and the Orthodox Churches, the Roman Catholic Church displaced the feast to this day to make way for the Solemnity of Mary, Mother of God.
- 6 January — Epiphany of the Lord (Roman Catholic, Anglican, Lutheran) / Theophany of the Lord (Orthodox)
Celebrated at the end of the first half of Christmastide (and the beginning of the second half, or "Epiphanytide"), this day celebrates the revelation of the toddler Jesus as God Incarnate to three astrologers who came to worship him. In some Western sects, it can be held on the second Sunday after Christmas, between 2 and 8 January.
- Sunday following Epiphany — Baptism of the Lord (Roman Catholic, Anglican, Lutheran; Orthodox, same as Epiphany)
Celebrating Jesus's baptism by his second-degree cousin John (the Baptist) on the banks of the River Jordan to signify the start of his ministry, this day marks the end of the Advent/Christmastide season. Held between 9 and 13 January.
- 2 February — Presentation of the Lord (Candlemas) (Roman Catholic, Orthodox, Anglican, Lutheran)
Held forty days after Christmas, this day commemorates the infant Jesus's presentation to the Temple in Jerusalem for blessing (as well as the ritual purification of Mary, as in Jewish custom women are barred from public worship for forty days post-partum).
- 25 March — Annunciation of the Lord (Lady Day) (Roman Catholic, Orthodox, Anglican)
Held exactly nine months before Christmas, this day celebrates the appearance of the Archangel Gabriel before Mary, announcing that God has chosen her to bear Jesus. Until the introduction of the Gregorian calendar, 25 March was considered New Year's Day.
- 46 days or seventh Wednesday before Easter Sunday; 40 days before Palm Sunday — Ash Wednesday (Roman Catholic, Anglican, Lutheran)
The start of the Lenten season, when Christians are encouraged to contemplate on their sins and ask forgiveness from God, many Western Christian sects hold a tradition of rubbing ashes of palm leaves used during last year's Palm Sunday onto the foreheads of the faithful on this day. While not celebrated, Eastern Christians nevertheless mark this day as the start of a forty-day fasting season. Held between 4 February and 10 March.
- Sunday before Easter — Palm Sunday (Universal)
This day marks the start of Holy Week, and celebrates the entry of Jesus into Jerusalem days before his crucifixion, which his followers marked by waving palm leaves in his presence. In the Western Churches, Gospel accounts of the Passion are also read. Held between 15 March and 18 April.
- Thursday before Easter — Maundy Thursday (Universal)
A commemoration of Jesus's last Passover meal with his apostles before his arrest and execution. In most Western Christian sects, the day begins with a symbolic foot-washing ceremony, emulating Jesus doing the same with his disciples, before observing a special ritual of the Eucharist, also emulating Jesus consecrating Passover bread and wine before distributing it to his disciples. Held between 19 March and 22 April.
- Friday before Easter — Good Friday (Universal)
A solemn day of mourning, commemorating the sacrificial death of Jesus in order to redeem humanity from the terrible toll of its sins. On this day, special readings and rituals are observed, such as the procession of the epitaphos (a cloth embroidered with the image of Jesus's body being prepared for burial) among the Orthodox and veneration of the Cross among Roman Catholics. Held between 20 March and 23 April.
- Saturday before Easter — Black Saturday (Universal)
A special day of quiet mourning during the day Jesus lay in the tomb, while anticipating his eventual resurrection the next Sunday.
- Easter Sunday / Pascha (Universal)
The most important day in the Christian calendar, celebrating the resurrection of Jesus and thus his victory over the forces of death as well as the assurance to his faithful that they shall do the same when Jesus returns at the end of time. In most sects celebrations begin with a vigil service after sundown on Black Saturday, usually featuring the lighting of a sacred candle, symbolizing the new life in Christ, while among Roman Catholics baptism is encouraged on this day. Held between 22 March and 25 April.
- Sunday after Easter — Octave of Easter / Low Sunday (Universal)
The end of the week-long celebration of the resurrection of Jesus. Among the Orthodox, Anglicans and Lutherans focus is put on the story of the encounter between Jesus and Thomas, one of his twelve disciples who was not present during his first appearance the week before. Among Roman Catholics, the day is also assigned Divine Mercy Sunday, both alluding to Jesus's mercy towards Thomas's skepticism and in honor of the Divine Mercy devotion based on the visions of Christ by Polish nun Faustina Kowalska, herself canonized by Pope (now Saint) John Paul II, a fellow Pole. Held between 29 March and 2 May.
- Sixth Thursday (39 days) or Seventh Sunday after Easter — Ascension of Christ (Universal)
The celebration of the return of Jesus to divine glory on the fortieth day of his resurrection. If strictly observed on Thursdays, it is held between 30 April and 3 June; if observered on the seventh Sunday after Easter, 3 May and 6 June.
- Seventh Sunday after Easter — Pentecost (Universal)
Marking the end of Easter season, this day, held on the fiftieth day of Christ's resurrection, celebrates the descent of the Holy Spirit promised by Jesus to his disciples before his ascent, inspiring them to minister to peoples; this event has since been interpreted by Christians as the official birth of the Church. Held between 10 May and 13 June.
- Sunday after Pentecost — Trinity Sunday (Universal)
A celebration of the mystery of the Holy Trinity of God the Father, creator of all life; God the Son, manifested as Jesus Christ; and God the Holy Spirit, sent by Jesus to inspire his faithful. Held between 17 May and 20 June.
- Thursday after Trinity Sunday — Corpus Christi (Roman Catholic)
A uniquely Roman Catholic celebration of the doctrine of transubstantiation, or the "real presence" of Jesus in the sacred bread and wine consecrated during Mass, which in a sense transforms into his body and blood. Held between 21 May and 24 June.
- Friday after Corpus Christi — Sacred Heart (Roman Catholic; high-church Anglican and Lutheran)
A celebration of Christ's long-suffering love for humanity even through its many sins and apostasies. Among Roman Catholics in particular it also pertains to a devotional introduced by French nun and visionary Mary Margaret Alacoque [16 October]. Held between 22 May and 25 June.
- 6 August — Transfiguration (Roman Catholic, Anglican; Lutheran and Methodist, Sunday before Ash Wednesday [between 1 February and 7 March])
A commemoration of the transformation of Jesus into a show of his divine glory during a mountaintop prayer session with three of his apostles, Peter [29 June], James [25 July] and John [27 December], including a conversation with the spirits of the ancient lawgiver Moses and the prophet Elijah. This day was selected by Pope Callixtus III in celebration of the successful defense of Nándorfehérvár (modern-day Belgrade, Serbia) against Ottoman forces during a siege in 1456.
- 14 September — Exaltation of the Holy Cross (Roman Catholic, Anglican, Lutheran)
A celebration of the cross upon which Jesus was nailed as a sign of his victory over sin and death. This day also celebrates both the discovery of a reputed fragment of the cross by Helena, mother of Emperor Constantine I (the Great) of Byzantium on AD 326, and the dedication, nine years later, of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem, built on the site where the fragment was found and traditional site of Golgotha, the hill where Jesus was crucified, buried and resurrected.
- Fifth Sunday before Christmas — Christ the King (All Western Churches)
The final Sunday of the Western liturgical year, celebrating the dominion of Jesus over all creation and anticipation both for the Advent season and his return at the end of time. Held between 20 and 26 November.
- 15 August — Assumption of Mary (Roman Catholic) / Dormition of the Theotokos (Orthodox) / Mary the Virgin (Anglican, Lutheran)
Arguably the oldest feast day dedicated to Mary, commemorating her ascension to glory at the end of her mortal life. Under this title she is the patron of many places (Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chile, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cyprus, East Timor, France, Gabon, Greece, Georgia, Guinea, Haiti, Italy, Lebanon, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malta, Mauritius, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, Paraguay, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, Slovenia, Spain, Syria, Tahiti, Togo, and Vanuatu).
- 22 August — Queenship of Mary (Roman Catholic)
Held the week after Mary's death/assumption [15 August], this day celebrates Mary's spiritual coronation as "Queen of Heaven" by way of the spiritual kingship of Jesus.
- 8 September — Nativity of Mary (Roman Catholic, Anglican) / Nativity of the Theotokos (Orthodox)
Another early feast dedicated to Mary, but more popular in the Eastern Churches, this commemorates an account of her virgin birth in the apocryphal Protoevangelium of James. She and John the Baptist are the only saints also celebrated on their birthday (in contrast to most saints being remembered on the anniversary of their death, or in theological terms, "heavenly birth") due to their prominent roles in the life of Jesus and the belief that they have been consecrated in their mothers' wombs. Under this day she is revered as the patron of Cuba (as "Our Lady of Charity").
- 12 September — Holy Name of Mary (Roman Catholic)
Introduced in 1684 as a counterpart to the Feast of the Holy Name of Jesus (14 January at the time, now moved to 3 January), so as to complete the parallel cycles of Jesus and Mary's birth, naming and presentation to the Temple.
- 15 September — Our Lady of Sorrows (Roman Catholic)
Held the day after the Feast of the Holy Cross, this day was formed around a popular thirteenth-century devotional on Mary's seven major heartbreaks throughout the lifetime of Jesus (the prophecy of his death by Simeon the Temple seer [2 February]; the Holy Family's flight to Egypt to escape mass infanticide [28 December]; his three-day disappearance in the Temple; his (apocryphal) encounter with Mary en route to Calvary; his crucifixion and death; the decent of his body; and his burial). Under this title she is the patron of Slovakia, Hungary, Poland, and Malta.
- 7 October — Our Lady of the Rosary (Roman Catholic)
A feast related to the Rosary, a daily devotion using a string of beads to meditate on the lives of Jesus and Mary. This day was selected by Pope Pius V [30 April] to celebrate the triumph of a coalition of Italian and Spanish fleets against Ottoman forces at the Battle of Lepanto, fought off the coast of southern Greece, in 1571.
- 21 November — Presentation of Mary (Roman Catholic) / Presentation of the Theotokos (Orthodox)
Also based on the apocryphal Protoevangelium of James, this celebrates the infant Mary being brought to the Temple of Jerusalem for blessing forty days after her birth.
- 8 December — Immaculate Conception (Roman Catholic) / Conception of the Theotokos (Orthodox) / Conception of Mary (Anglican)
Much like what Annunciation [25 March] was for Jesus, this date celebrates the conception of Mary in the womb of the otherwise barren Anne [26 July] nine months before her birthday on 8 September. Roman Catholic doctrine also states she was born without the stigma of sin in order to help her become the perfect vessel for Jesus. Under this title she is the principal patron of Brazil, Korea, Macau, Nicaragua, Paraguay, the Philippines, Portugal, Spain, the United States, and Uruguay.
- 12 December — Our Lady of Guadalupe (Roman Catholic)
A devotion based on her apparition on this day in 1531 to indigenous convert Juan Diego Cuauhtlatoatzin [9 December]. Under this title she is the principal patron of Mexico, as well as, to a lesser extent, the Americas in general.
- 1 January — Mary, Mother of God (Roman Catholic) / Circumcision of the Lord (Orthodox, Anglican, Lutheran)
A celebration of Mary's role as the mother of Jesus. Historically this day nominally celebrates the circumcision of the infant Jesus one week after Christmas, though the renaming of this day has more to do with how historically the day mostly serves as a celebration of Mary.
- 11 February — Our Lady of Lourdes (Roman Catholic)
A commemoration of Mary's first apparition on this day in 1858 to fourteen-year-old French shepherd-girl Bernadette Soubirous in the northern Pyrenees.
- Monday after Pentecost — Mary, Mother of the Church (Roman Catholic)
Appointed by Pope Francis in 2018 to celebrate of Mary's leading role in the post-Pentecost Church by way of her motherhood to Jesus. Held between 11 May and 14 June.
- 13 May — Our Lady of Fátima (Roman Catholic)
A commemoration of one the most famous Marian apparitions of the 20th century to three Portuguese shepherd-children, Lúcia Santos and her cousins Francisco and Jacinta Marto, in 1917 (at the height of World War I), not the least for prophecies she reputedly imparted unto the children, such as the descent of Russia into godlessness (which some interpreted as foreshadowing Red October), the beginning of WWII, and the assassination of a Pope (which some saw its near-fulfillment with Pope [now Saint] John Paul II [22 October], who attributed his miraculous recovery to her intercession).
- Saturday after Corpus Christi / Day after Sacred Heart — Immaculate Heart of Mary (Roman Catholic)
A feast based on centuries-old devotion on the inner life of Mary and her joys and sorrows throughout the lifetime of Jesus, but in particular the form developed by French priest John Eudes [19 August]. Under this title she is the secondary patron of Angola, Central African Republic, Republic of the Congo, Ecuador, Panama, the Philippines, Scotland, and the U.S. state of Georgia. Held between 23 May and 26 June.
- 31 May — Visitation (Western Churches; Orthodox Church, 30 March)
A celebration of the visit of Mary, then newly-pregnant with Jesus, to her cousin Elizabeth, herself also pregnant with John the Baptist. Originally held on 2 July in Western calendars, it has been moved during the reforms of the Second Vatican Council to this date in order to fit its biblical occurrence between the annunciation of Jesus's conception [25 March] and the birthday of John the Baptist [24 June].
- 16 July — Our Lady of Mount Carmel (Roman Catholic)
A title of Mary as patron of the Order of the Brothers of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Mount Carmel (Carmelites), an order of hermits dating back from the 12th century who originally lived atop Mount Carmel (near modern-day Haifa, Israel), long considered sacred by Christians and Jews for its role in key events in The Bible. Under this title she is the principal patron of Bolivia and Chile.
- 5 August — Dedication of the Basilica of Saint Mary Major (Roman Catholic)
A celebration of the dedication of Santa Maria Maggiore in Rome, one of the four "major basilicas" and thus the holiest Roman Catholic houses of worship, as well as the oldest church dedicated to Mary, built on the site where legend claims snow fell in the middle of summer during the mid-4th century.
- 29 June — Peter and Paul (Universal)
- Peter (c. AD 1-64~68)
De facto leader of the twelve apostles of Jesus and his sidekick throughout his ministry, famous for his contrasting personality between boisterousness and cowardice, but ultimately transformed by Jesus' resurrection into a fearless Church leader, by tradition serving as bishop of Antioch (modern-day Antakya, Turkey) and Rome, where he was crucified during the persecutions of Emperor Nero, upside-down per his request not to die a death like his master's. Also believed to have written (or at least his followers) two of the general letters added into the Christian books, or New Testament, of The Bible. As Bishop of Rome, Roman Catholics claim him as the first Pope, and as Bishop of Antioch his title is claimed by various Eastern Christian sects, Orthodox and Catholic [that is, in full communion with Rome while allowed to maintain their specific rites] alike. Patron of the city of Rome and Malta (with Paul), as well as of fishermen (his former profession), bakers, shipwrights, Bremen, Cologne, Las Vegas, Philadelphia, Poznań and Saint Petersburg.
- 18 January — Confession of Peter (Anglican and Lutheran)
A commemoration of a biblical incident where Peter had an epiphany of Jesus's identity as the Son of God. Originally also observed by Catholics to celebrate Peter as Bishop of Rome until merged to the feast of his other function as Bishop of Antioch [22 February].
- 22 February — Chair of Peter (Roman Catholic)
Primarily a celebration of Peter's other function as Bishop of Antioch, after the Second Vatican Council this day was merged with the feast of Peter as Bishop of Rome [18 January].
- 18 January — Confession of Peter (Anglican and Lutheran)
- Paul (c. AD 5-64~67)
A student of Jewish law from Tarsus in Cilicia (in modern-day southern Asian Turkey) and a former persecutor of the nascent Church, a vision of Jesus en route to Damascus led to his conversion, spurring him into three extensive missionary journeys throughout Asia Minor (Asian Turkey) and the eastern Mediterranean until he, in tradition, was beheaded in Rome during the persecutions of Emperor Nero. He is also widely credited with laying down the foundations of orthodox Christian theology, having traditionally written thirteen of the twenty-seven books of the Christian books, or New Testament, of The Bible. Patron of the city of Rome and Malta (with Peter), as well as of publishers, missionaries, and the city of London.
- 25 January — Conversion of Paul (Roman Catholic, Anglican, Lutheran)
A commemoration of Paul's blinding vision of Jesus and subsequent conversion to the faith while on the way to Damascus to lead witch-hunts on Christians.
- 25 January — Conversion of Paul (Roman Catholic, Anglican, Lutheran)
- 18 November — Dedications of the Basilicas of Saints Peter and Paul (Roman Catholic)
A celebration of the dedication of two of the four "papal basilicas" and thus the highest Roman Catholic houses of worship, built over the reputed tombs of the apostles.
- Peter (c. AD 1-64~68)
- 3 July — Thomas (d. 72) (Roman Catholic, Anglican (England) / 6 October — Orthodox / 21 December — Anglican (USA), Lutheran)
One of the twelve apostles of Jesus, infamous for an episode of incredulity to the news of Jesus' resurrection until the latter personally appeared to him. Said to be the farthest-traveled of the apostles, ministering and being martyred in India (precisely, near modern-day Chennai [Madras]). In his honor many indigenous Christian sects in India trace their lineage to his ministry, long before the arrival of Western Christian missionaries, Catholic, Anglican and Protestant alike. Patron of India, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.
- 22 July — Mary Magdalene (1st c.) (Universal)
One of Jesus' most prominent female disciples and one of the first witnesses to his resurrection. Mentioned in the Gospel of Luke as having been healed by Jesus of her possession by seven demons, later commentators interpreted this as a consequence of having led a life of sin, or in some interpretetations prostitution, later spending the rest of her life in mournful repentance. Popularly depicted wearing nothing but her long hair and carrying a perfume bottle, having been one of the women who helped anoint the body of Jesus after his death. Patron of apothecaries, converts, hairdressers, and penitent sinners (especially prostitutes).
- 25 July — James, Son of Zebedee (d. 44) (Roman Catholic, Anglican, Lutheran / 30 April — Orthodox)
One of the twelve apostles of Jesus, older brother to fellow apostle John (27 December), and the first of the apostles to die a martyr's death (and the only one whose death is recorded in The Bible, specifically Acts of the Apostles), beheaded during the persecutions of Herod Agrippa. Popular legend also has it that James traveled and preached in Spain, and after his death his remains were brought to what is now the city of Santiago de Compostela in Galicia, which have since become a prominent pilgrimage site since the 9th century. Patron of Spain, Nicaragua and Guatemala.
- 29 July — Martha (1st c.) (Roman Catholic, Anglican, Lutheran / 4 June — Orthodox)
A close friend and frequent host of Jesus during his visits to her native Bethany (modern-day al-Eizariya, West Bank, Palestine), together with her younger sister Mary and their older brother Lazarus, whom Jesus resurrected after a short death, with whom tradition states she traveled to Cyprus after the death of Stephen [26 December], where Lazarus became the founding bishop of Kittim (modern-day Larnaca). Another legend states she also traveled to southern France, where she defeated a dragon. Patron of housewives, butlers, maids, cooks and other service-related laborers.
- 24 August — Bartholomew (c. 1st century) (Roman Catholic, Anglican, Lutheran / 11 June — Orthodox)
One of the twelve apostles of Jesus, which some interpreters also identify with with another apostle, Nathanael. Traditionally stated to have spread the Gospel in the southern Caucasus, before being flayed alive and ultimately beheaded in Albanopolis (reputed to be near modern-day Başkale, Turkey). Patron of Armenia, bookbinders, butchers, leather workers, and other industries related to animal hides.
- 21 September — Matthew (c. 1st century) (Roman Catholic, Anglican, Lutheran / 16 November — Orthodox)
One of the twelve apostles of Jesus, and a former tax collector for the Romans, and thus despised by his fellow Jews as a traitor, before being called by Jesus. Traditionally wrote one of The Four Gospels (and the first book of the Christian books, or New Testament, of The Bible), traditional accounts state that after the Pentecost he mostly concentrated on preaching his fellow Jews before leaving for Phrygia, where he was martyred in Hierapolis (modern-day Pamukkale, Turkey). Patron of accountants, Salerno in Italy (where is relics are said to be held), bankers, tax collectors, and civil servants.
- 18 October — Luke (d. ~84) (Universal)
A Greek physician from Antioch and companion of Paul [29 June], as well as the traditional author of two books in The Bible — one of The Four Gospels, distinctive for its focus on Jesus' miracles and an expanded account of his birth and childhood, as well as Acts of the Apostles. Also said to have been an acquaintance of the Virgin Mary and even painted an image of her, given her expanded role in his Gospel. Patron of artists, physicians and surgeons.
- 28 October — Simon the Zealot and Jude Thaddaeus (Roman Catholic, Anglican, Lutheran)
- Simon the Zealot (d. ~65/107) (10 May — Orthodox)
One of the twelve apostles of Jesus and reputedly a former member of the Zealots, a militant movement vehemently opposed to Roman rule over Judea. Traditionally said to have been martyred by being sawn to death. Patron of sawyers, curriers and tanners.
- Jude Thaddaeus (c. 1st century) (19 June — Orthodox)
One of the twelve apostles of Jesus, not to be confused with Judas Iscariot. Said to have first spread the Gospel in Armenia before being beheaded near modern-day Beirut, Lebanon. Contrary to his obscurity (or perhaps because of it), he is declared patron of lost causes, desperate situations, Armenia and hospitals.
- Simon the Zealot (d. ~65/107) (10 May — Orthodox)
- 30 November — Andrew (c. 1st century) (Universal)
One of the twelve apostles of Jesus, the first-named of the twelve, and despite not being part of the "Big Three" with his older brother Peter [29 June], James [25 July] and John [27 December], remains a major player in the ministry of Jesus. Traditionally stated to have founded the Church in Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, Turkey), from whom all its patriarchs derive their lineage and authority as spiritual leader of the Eastern Orthodox Churches (in contrast to Popes, Bishops of Rome who derive their lineage from Peter), as well as martyred by being nailed on an X-shaped cross in modern-day Patras, Greece. Patron of Scotland, Greece, Romania, Russia, Barbados, Georgia, Ukraine, Cyprus, fishermen, rope-and makers, as well as invoked against sore throat and whooping cough.
- 26 December — Stephen (d. 36) (Western Christians; 27 December — Orthodox)
One of the first seven deacons, assistants to the apostles (presently to priests or pastors), and the very first Christian martyr, stoned to death for preaching the Gospel, even as he forgave his executioners. His death was witnessed by Saul [29 June], who late in life became a convert renamed as Paul. Patron of Serbia and deacons, as well as protector against headaches.
- 27 December — John (c. 6-100) (Roman Catholic, Anglican, Lutheran / 26 September — Orthodox)
Traditionally the youngest of the twelve apostles of Jesus, hence he often appears in Western Christian art as a handsome boy, as well as the last surviving apostle at the time of his death, hence his appearance in Eastern Christian art as a very old man. Once a hot-headed youth, he was said to have been given care of the Virgin Mary by the dying Jesus, then after the Pentecost, spent the rest of his life in Ephesus (modern-day Selçuk, Turkey) where he is said to have written one of the four canonical Gospels (distinct from the other three for its more spiritual character) and three general letters, barring a temporary exile to the island of Patmos during the persecutions of Emperor Domitian, where he wrote The Book of Revelation, all recorded in The Bible. Patron of Turkey, authors and booksellers.
- 28 December — Holy Innocents
Male infants under two years old killed by King Herod the Great of Judea in a failed attempt to keep Jesus from presumably vying for his throne. While ambiguous in historicity, such an act is acknowledged to be not too out-of-character for the historical Herod, who late in life became increasingly paranoid over potential threats to his hegemony, real and imagined alike, leading him to such heinous acts as murdering his own wives and sons.
- 26 January 26 — Timothy and Titus, disciples of Paul [29 June] (Roman Catholic, Anglican, Lutheran)
- Timothy (17-97) (22 January — Orthodox)
A Jewish-Greek youth who met Paul during his peaching at his native Lystra in Anatolia (near modern-day Konya [biblical Iconium], Turkey) and became his most trusted secretary for his latter two journeys. Unto him is also addressed two letters from Paul, all recorded in the Christian books, or New Testament, of The Bible. By tradition he also became the founding bishop of Ephesus. Invoked against diseases of the stomach and intestines.
- Titus (d. 96 or 107) (25 August — Orthodox)
A missionary from Antioch and another companion of Paul, whom tradition states helped establish the Church in Crete, as well as the recipient of another personal letter from Paul, also recorded in the Christian books, or New Testament, of The Bible. Patron of Crete.
- Timothy (17-97) (22 January — Orthodox)
- 19 March — Joseph (c. 90 BC - c. 18 AD) (Universal)
A carpenter from Nazareth and foster-father of Jesus by way of his marriage to Mary; in contrast to focus on Mary in the Gospel of Luke, Joseph is given a heightened focus in the Gospel of Matthew as a descendant of King David, thus giving legitimacy to the divinity and spiritual kingship of Jesus, as well as his chief protector during the persecution of Herod the Great that resulted in an incident of infanticide [28 December]. Tradition also states that he died in peace sometime before the start of Jesus' ministry, stemming from his abrupt disappearance from Gospel record. Principal patron and protector of the Roman Catholic Church, as well as patron of Belgium, Canada, Croatia, Korea, Indonesia, Vietnam, Cebu in the Philippines, fathers, immigrants, laborers, travelers and carpenters, as well as invoked for a peaceful death.
- 1 May — Joseph the Laborer (Roman Catholic)
Instituted by Pope Pius XII in 1955 to coincide with the secular International Worker's Day (Labour Day), partly to recognize Joseph's stated profession as carpenter, partly to counteract said secular holiday's association with communist and socialist movements.
- 1 May — Joseph the Laborer (Roman Catholic)
- 25 April — Mark (5-68) (Universal)
An early disciple of Jesus, who tradition states was, with his cousin Barnabas [11 June], also an early companion of Paul before setting off on his own and establishing the Church in Alexandria, from whose authority the Coptic Church, a sect unique to Egypt and much of North Africa, derives its authority. Also believed to have been an acquaintance of Peter [29 June], from whose oral accounts he wrote what is believed to be the very first of The Four Gospels. Patron of Egypt, Venice (where his remains are said to be held), and barristers.
- 3 May — Philip and James, Son of Alpheus (Roman Catholic; 1 May — Anglican, Lutheran)
- Philip (d. 80) (14 November — Orthodox)
One of the twelve apostles of Jesus and another early follower. Otherwise obscure, he is noted for two incidents where he helped introduce his friend Nathanael (sometimes identified as Bartholomew [24 August]) to Jesus) and helped feed 5,000 listeners of Jesus. Tradition also states that he preached at Greece, Syria and Phrygia (in central Asian Turkey). Patron of Uruguay (with James, son of Alpheus), as well as of Cape Verde and pastry chefs.
- James, Son of Alpheus (d. 62) (9 October — Orthodox)
One of the twelve apostles of Jesus, identified in some traditions as a distant relation of Jesus, as well as a leader of the Church in Jerusalem. Patron of Uruguay (with Philip), as well as apothecaries.
- Philip (d. 80) (14 November — Orthodox)
- 14 May — Matthias (d. 80 AD) (Roman Catholic; 24 February — Anglican, Lutheran; 9 August — Orthodox)
A later addition to the twelve apostles to fill in the place of the traitorous Judas Iscariot, who committed suicide in remorse shortly after handing Jesus over to his death. Otherwise completely obscure, tradition points to him preaching (and dying) in either Cappadocia (in central Asian Turkey) or Colchis (in modern-day Abkhazia). Patron of tailors, carpenters and recovering alcoholics, as well as invoked against smallpox.
- 11 June — Barnabas (d. ~61) (Universal)
A Jewish man from Salamis (near modern-day Famagusta) in Cyprus and an early companion of Paul [29 June] with his cousin Mark (traditionally identified with the Gospel writer [25 April]), before parting ways to help establish the Church in his homeland. Patron of Cyprus and Antakya, as well as invoked against hailstorms.
- 24 June — John the Baptist (d. ~31-36)
A desert-dwelling prophet and second-degree cousin of Jesus. Adapting a similar Jewish rite for gentile converts, he began the practice of baptism for the forgiveness of sins and induction into a new faith by immersing believers in the River Jordan. Jesus asked to be baptized by John to signify the start of his own career. This date is the celebration of his birth. Under this date he is the patron of Jordan, Puerto Rico, the French parts of Canada, Newfoundland, Porto in Portugal, Malta, Florence, Genoa and Manila.
- 29 June — Beheading of John the Baptist
A commemoration of his execution at the hands of King Herod Antipas of Judea at the urging of his wife Herodias for criticizing their illicit marriage, Herodias having also been the wife of Philip, Herod's still-living brother and another prince of Judea (in violation of Jewish law restricting remarriage to widows), during a party in Herod's palace retreat at Machaerus (near modern-day Muqāwir, Jordan).
- 29 June — Beheading of John the Baptist
- 2 January — Basil (the Great) of Caesarea and Gregory of Nazianzus (Roman Catholic, Anglican [England] / 1 January — Orthodox / 10 January — Lutheran [LCMS])
- Basil (the Great) of Caesarea (329-379) (10 January — Lutheran [ELCA] / 14 January — Orthodox [Serbia] / 14 June — Anglican [Episcopal/USA])
Bishop of Caesarea Mazaca (modern-day Kayseri, Turkey) and a chief advocate of Nicene Christianity against Arianism, a sect which denies Jesus' equality with God, as well as a pioneer of communal monasticism among Eastern Christians. Patron of Russia, Cappadocia (modern-day central Turkey), hospital workers, reformers, and exorcists.
- Gregory of Nazianzus (329-390) (25 January — Orthodox / 9 May — Anglican [Episcopal/USA] / 14 June — Lutheran [ELCA])
Bishop of Constantinople and a master of rhetoric during the Church's formative years, integrating Hellenist thought into Christian thought and helping define the concept of the Holy Trinity.
- Basil (the Great) of Caesarea (329-379) (10 January — Lutheran [ELCA] / 14 January — Orthodox [Serbia] / 14 June — Anglican [Episcopal/USA])
- 2 January — Seraphim of Sarov (Prokhor Moshnin) (1754-1833) (Orthodox, Anglican [England/Scotland])
Russian hermit famed for his miracles and teachings of opening the monastic virtues of contemplation to laypeople.
- 2 January — Vedanayagam Samuel Azariah (1874-1945) (Anglican [England, Episcopal/USA])
Indian priest, first Bishop of Dornakal in Tamil Nadu, and the first Indian bishop of the Anglican Communion, as well as a pioneer of Indian ecumenism.
- 2 January — Johann Konrad Wilhelm Löhe (1808-1872) (Lutheran)
Franconian German Lutheran pastor who helped encourage the admission of female deacons and sent various Lutheran missions around the world, as well as a principal sponsor of the Lutheran ChurchMissouri Synod (LCMS), originally founded to serve German-speaking Lutherans and currently the second-largest Lutheran denomination in the USA.
- 5 January — John Nepomucene Neumann (1811-1860) (Roman Catholic [Austria, Czech Republic, Germany, Switzerland, USA])
Bohemian Redemptorist priest and fourth Bishop of Philadelphia, esteemed for establishing the first Roman Catholic diocesan schools in the USA. Patron of Catholic education.
- 5 January — Theopemptus of Nicomedia (d. 303) (Orthodox)
Bishop of Nicomedia (modern-day İzmit, Turkey) and one of the earliest martyrs of the persecutions of Emperor Diocletian. Tradition states that, having refused to worship pagan gods, he survived being burnt alive and starved, and even converted Theonas, a sorcerer sent to remove his divine protection, leading to them ultimately dying together in faith.
- 7 January — Raymond of Penyafort (1175-1275) (Roman Catholic)
Catalan Spanish Dominican friar and chaplain to Pope Gregory IX (b. 1145/1170, reigned 1227-1241), who famously helped compile all canon laws issued under his reign. Patron of canon lawyers.
- 9 January — Polyeuctus (d. 259) (Orthodox)
Roman soldier stationed in Melitene (modern-day Malatya, Turkey) and convert, martyred for his fierce opposition to worshipping idols.
- 9 January — Metropolitan Philip II of Moscow (Feodor Stepanovich Kolychev) (1507-1569) (Orthodox)
Russian monk and Metropolitan of Moscow during the reign of Ivan The Terrible, assassinated for his opposition to Ivan's brutal purges against political rivals.
- 10 January — Gregory of Nyssa (335-395) (Orthodox, Roman Catholic [Benedictines], Lutheran [LCMS] / 9 March — Anglican [Canada, Episcopal/USA] / 14 June — Lutheran [ELCA], Anglican [Scotland] / 19 July — Anglican [England])
Younger brother of Basil (the Great) of Caesarea and friend of Gregory of Nazianzus [2 January], Bishop of Nyssa (reputedly near modern-day Harmandalı, Turkey), and an erudite theologian who helped influence orthodox Christian teachings on the Trinity and the formulation of the Nicene Creed.
- 10 January — Theophan the Recluse (Georgy Vasilievich Govorov) (1815-1894) (Orthodox)
Russian monk and a prolific writer on Orthodox spirituality, as well as a translator of the Philokalia, a prominent compilation of works on early Christian spirituality, into Russian.
- 10 January — William Laud (1573-1645) (Anglican)
Anglican Archbishop of Canterbury, notable for his advocacy of preserving traditional Church rituals in the face of the rise of Puritan insistence on radical reform.
- 11 January — Theodosius the Cenobiarch (423-529) (Orthodox)
Cappadocian hermit and a founding pioneer of cenobitic monasticism, a monastic tradition that stresses communal living.
- 12 January — Tatiana of Rome (d. 226-235) (Orthodox)
Roman deaconess, daughter of a Roman civil servant and secret convert, and martyr. Patron of students.
- 12 January — Sava (Rastko Nemanjić) (1174-1236) (Orthodox)
Serbian prince and the first Bishop of the Serbian Orthodox Church, as well as one of the earliest writers in the Serbian language and creator of the Zakonopravilo, the oldest known constitution of Serbia. Patron of Serbia.
- 12 January — Aelred of Rievaulx (1110-1167) (Anglican [England, Episcopal/USA], Roman Catholic [England])
English Cistercian monk and one of the most prominent spiritual writers in twelfth-century England. Generally invoked by those suffering from diseases of the bladder.
- 13 January — Hilary of Poitiers (310-367) (Universal)
Bishop of Pictavium (modern-day Poitiers, France) and a fierce opponent of Arianism as well as a staunch defender of the doctrine of the Trinity. Patron of lawyers.
- 13 January — Jacob of Nisibis (d. 337338 or 350) (Orthodox / 15 July — Roman Catholic [minor])
Bishop of Nisibis (modern-day Nusaybin, Turkey) and a prominent spiritual writer, as well as reputed to have found a fragment of Noah's Ark.
- 13 January — Maximos Kausokalybites (d. 1365/1380) (Orthodox)
Greek monk who, in his pursuit of holiness, deliberately acted in an eccentric manner by constantly burning his hut, hence his nickname "Kausokalybites", the "Hut-Burner".
- 14 January — Nino (c. 280-332) (Orthodox)
Greek woman who helped spread Christianity in Iberia (modern-day central Georgia). In her honor the grapevine cross she used to carry around, with its drooping arms, became the princial symbol of the Georgia Orthodox Church. Patron of Georgia.
- 15 January — Paul of Thebes (c. 227-342) (Orthodox, Roman Catholic [Hungary])
Egyptian ascetic traditionally identified as the first hermit, having spent almost a hundred years in the desert living in holiness and miraculously sustained by divine intervention.
- 16 January — Honoratus (350-429) (Orthodox, Roman Catholic [minor])
Bishop of Arles in France (currently part of the Archdiocese of Aix) and founder of the Cistercian monastery at the Lérins Islands at the French Riviera. Invoked against drought, excessive rains, and misfortune in general.
- 17 January — Anthony the Great (251-356) (Universal)
Egyptian monk and, on account of his well-known account of life in contemplation, enduring temptations, and working as swineherd in the deserts of Egypt, considered a pioneer of Christian monasticism. Patron of basket makers and gravediggers, as well as invoked against skin diseases.
- 18 January — Richard Meux Benson (1824-1915) (Anglican [Canada, Episcopal/USA])
Anglican priest and founder of the Society of Saint John the Evangelist, the first monastic order in the Anglican Communion since the Reformation.
- 19 January — Macarius of Egypt (c. 300-391) (Orthodox / 15 January — Roman Catholic [minor])
Egyptian hermit and mystic, as well as an acquaintance of Anthony the Great [17 January].
- 19 January — Mark of Ephesus (Manuel Eugenikos) (1392-1444) (Orthodox)
Byzantine priest, mystic and hymnographer, as well as a defender of Eastern Orthodox theology.
- 19 January — Wulfstan (1008-1095) (Anglican [England, Episcopal/USA], Roman Catholic [minor])
Bishop of Worcester in western England and the sole remaining English bishop following the Norman conquest in the mid-1000s. Patron of vegetarians and dieters.
- 20 January — Pope Fabian (c. 200-250) (Roman Catholic, Anglican [Episcopal/USA] / 8 August — Orthodox)
Twentieth Bishop of Rome, martyred during the persecutions of Emperor Decius, as well as an organizer, having divided Rome into deaconates, and helped reconcile the followers of rival papal claimants Pontian and Hippolytus [13 August].
- 20 January — Sebastian (d. 288) (Roman Catholic / 18 December — Orthodox)
Roman soldier and secret convert who helped bury martyred Christians until he was captured, tied onto a tree and shot with arrows, and ultimately bludgeoned to death. Patron of soldiers, archers, and athletes, as well as invoked by victims of the plague.
- 20 January — Euthymius the Great (377-473) (Orthodox, Roman Catholic [minor])
Former priest in Melitene who fled to the wilderness of Palestine, where he gained a reputation for making miracles.
- 21 January — Agnes of Rome (291-304) (Universal)
Roman virgin martyred at the tender age of twelve after being publicly humiliated and nearly raped for refusing to worship the Roman gods. Patron of virgins, betrothed couples, and gardeners. Among Roman Catholics, given that her name is synonymous with the Latin word for "lamb", a source of wool, on this day the Pope blesses a pair of lambs, and on Holy Thursdays the pallium (a woolen band) is conferred to newly-consecrated archbishops.
- 21 January — Maximus the Confessor (580-662) (Orthodox)
Palestinian monk who gave up a well-paid position as aide to the Byzantine emperor Heraclitus to spend his time studying classical Greek philosophy, as well as defending the orthodox stance of Christ's dual human and divine natures.
- 21 January — Maximus the Greek (Michael Trivolis) (1475-1556) (Orthodox)
Greek monk and scholar who spent his life in Moscow writing and translating works into Russian.
- 22 January — Vincent of Saragossa (d. c. 304) (Roman Catholic, Anglican [England, Episcopal/USA, Canada, Australia])
Spanish deacon in modern-day Zaragoza in Spain, where he became the first martyr of Spain during the persecutions of Emperor Diocletian. Patron of Lisbon, Valencia, vinegar-makers and wine-makers.
- 23 January — Clement of Ancyra (c. 258-312) (Orthodox, Roman Catholic [minor])
Bishop of Ancyra (modern-day Ankara, Turkey) and martyr during the persecutions of Emperor Diocletian.
- 24 January — Francis de Sales (1567-1622) (Roman Catholic, Anglican [England, Canada, Scotland] / 15 March — Anglican [Episcopal/USA])
French Bishop of Geneva at the heat of the Swiss Reformation, forcing him to be quartered at his nearby hometown of Annecy, famous for his writings on spiritual direction and his gentle approach to the delicate situation of his constituency, torn between Catholics and Calvinists. Patron of the Catholic press, Columbus in Ohio, confessors, dear people, journalists, and the Salesians of John Bosco [31 January].
- 24 January — Xenia the Righteous of Rome (Eusebia) (d. 450) (Orthodox)
Roman woman who fled an unwanted marriage to the island of Kos, off the coast of modern-day Turkey, where she became a deaconess famed for her miracles.
- 25 January — Vladimir (Vasily Nikiforovich) Bogoyavlensky (1848-1918) (Orthodox)
Russian priest and Metropolitan of Moscow, then Saint Petersburg, and Kiev, famed as a martyr of the Russian Revolution.
- 26 January — Amun (fl. 4th century) (Orthodox)
Egyptian ascetic, disciple of Anthony the Great [17 January], and founder of monastic communities in the Wadi El Natrun southwest of Alexandria.
- 26 January — Xenophon of Robeika (d. 1262) (Orthodox)
Russian monk and disciple of Barlaam of Khutyn [6 November].
- 27 January — Angela Merici (1474-1540) (Roman Catholic)
Brescian Italian nun and founder of the Ursulines, an order of nuns dedicated to the education of girls. Patron of the handicapped and orphans.
- 28 January — Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274) (Roman Catholic, Anglican, Lutheran)
Italian Dominican friar and arguably one of the most influential theologians of Western Christianity and philosophers in the Western world. Integrating Aristotelian and Christian philosophies, he was an early proponent of natural theology, which sought to prove the existence of God through reason. Patron of academics, theologians, apologists, booksellers, Catholic educational institutions, philosophers, publishers, scholars, students and theologians, as well as invoked against storms.
- 28 January — Isaac of Nineveh (613-700) (Orthodox)
Arabian theologian and Bishop of Nineveh (near modern-day Mosul, Iraq), known for his defense of Chaldean Christianity against the Nestorians, a sect which denies the "hypostatis", or natural union of Christ's human and divine natures.
- 31 January — (Don) John Bosco (1815-1888) (Roman Catholic)
Piedmontese Italian priest renowned for spending his life in his native Turin rescuing and educating street children, and founder of the Society of Saint Francis de Sales (Salesians of Don Bosco), an order of priests, as well as, with his friend Maria Domenica Mazzarello, the Daughters of Mary Help of Christians (Salesian Sisters of Don Bosco), both of which also work among street children. Patron of juvenile delinquents, school children, and stage magicians.
- 31 January — Cyrus and John (d. 304-311) (Orthodox)
Egyptian martyrs under Emperor Diocletian revered especially among Coptic Christians for healing the sick free of charge.
- February 3 — Blaise (d. 316) [RC / Orth.]: Bishop of Sebaste (modern-day Sivas, Turkey) and martyr. Usually invoked against throat diseases.
- February 3 — Ansgar (801-865) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Archbishop of Hamburg-Bremen and missionary to Denmark, Norway and Sweden. Revered for his determination to spread the Gospel despite multiple political and religious setbacks.
- February 5 — Agatha (of Sicily) (231-251) [RC / Orth. / Angl.]: Patron of Malta and San Marino, reputedly martyred for her faith by having her breasts cut off (thus she was also invoked against breast cancer).
- February 6 — Paulo Miki (1562-1597) and the 26 Martyrs of Nagasaki [RC]: Jesuit Japanese convert and one of the earliest victims of the wave of persecutions under Toyotomi Hideyoshi.
- February 8 — Gerolamo Emiliani (1486-1537) [RC]: Italian priest and founder of the Somaschi Fathers, which tended to orphan boys, for whom he is their patron.
- February 8 — Josephine Bakhita (1869-1947) [RC]: Patron of her native Sudan (specifically, Darfur), from which she was sold as a slave until she found refuge as a Canossian sister in Italy.
- February 10 — Scholastica (480-547) [RC / Orth.]: Sister (and alleged twin) of Saint Benedict. Patron of nuns and protection against storms (legend has it that before she died she prayed that a storm interrupt the departure of the then-visiting Benedict, wanting him to be by her side in her last moments).
- February 14 — Cyril (826-869) and Methodius (815-885) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Brothers and missionaries to Eastern Europe. Patrons of Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Macedonia and Slovakia, and as of 1980 two of the six Roman Catholic Patrons of Europe, stemming from their missionary zeal.
- February 17 — Buonfiglio dei Monaldi (Bonfilius), Giovanni di Buonagiunta (Bonajuncta), Amadeus dell' Amidei (Bartolomeus), Ricovero dei Lippi-Ugguccioni (Hugh), Benedetto dell' Antella (Manettus), Gherardino di Sostegno (Sostene) and Alessio de' Falconieri (Alexius) [RC]: Seven merchants from Florence who gave up their wealth to found the Order of Friar Servants of Mary (Servites) in 1233 and live in contemplation of the sorrows of the Virgin Mary.
- February 21 — Peter Damian (1007-1072/1073) [RC]: Reformer of the Benedictine order and placed by Dante in The Divine Comedy in the highest levels of Paradiso (Heaven).
- February 23 — Polycarp (69-156) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Bishop of Smyrna (modern-day İzmir, Turkey), martyr, and allegedly disciple of Saint John, one of Jesus' twelve apostles. Invoked against ear ache and dysentery.
- March 3 — Casimir [Jagielion] (1458-1484) [RC]: Patron of Lithuania and a prince of the Kingdom of Poland who spent his short life in devotion and charity.
- March 7 — Perpetua and Felicitas (d.203) [RC, Angl. and Luth. / Orth., February 1]: Two of the earliest and most popular martyrs from Carthage (modern-day Tunis, Tunisia) — the former a noblewoman, the latter a pregnant slave — and the subject of a popular hagiography.
- March 8 — John of God (1495-1550) [RC]: Patron of hospitals and nurses and founder of the Brothers Hospitallers, a religious order dedicated to caring for the ill.
- March 9 — Frances of Rome (1384-1440) [RC]: Benedictine oblate (not technically a nun, but a commoner who has adopted a semi-monastic lifestyle) and patron of widows.
- March 17 — Patrick (5th c.) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: A British slave turned cleric, who late in life returned to Ireland, where he was brought as a slave, to preach to its peoples. Patron of Ireland, Nigeria, New York, Boston, and engineers. Popularly depicted driving out snakes from Ireland (as there are no native snakes there, it is thought of as an allegory of him driving out paganism).
- March 18 — Cyril of Jerusalem (313-386) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: A distinguished theologian of the early Church, who wrote extensively on the Liturgy and instruction of catechumens (people receiving formal religious education).
- March 23 — Turibius of Mogrovejo (1538-1606) [RC / Angl.]: Spanish-born Archbishop of Lima. He is best known for his missionary efforts, traversing the vast expanse of Peru to personally administer to his realm, as well as a defender of rights of indigenous peoples.
- April 2 — Francis of Paola (1416-1507) [RC]: Founder of the Friars Minim, which follow an ascetic lifestyle and known for his gifts of prophecy.
- April 4 — Isidore of Seville (560-636) [RC / Orth.]: Archbishop of the Spanish city, best known for converting the Visigoth royalty from Arianism and setting the foundations of representative legislation, as well as his Great Big Book of Everything, the Etymologiae, which recorded extracts from various classical literature, giving him a reputation as patron of the Internet.
- April 5 — Vincent Ferrer (1350-1419) [RC / Angl.]: Spanish Dominican friar and patron of construction workers, so-named for his efforts to rebuild the Church.
- April 7 — Jean-Baptiste de la Salle (1651-1719) [RC]: French priest, educator and patron of schoolteachers and founder of the Brothers of the Christian Schools (Lasallians), having been a pioneer of educational reform stemming from his programs for children born in poverty.
- April 11 — Stanislaus (of Szczepanów) (1030-1079) [RC]: Bishop of Kraków and patron of Poland, best known for his rivalry with King Bolesław II, which ultimately led to his death.
- April 13 — Pope Martin I (598-655) [RC / Orth.]: Byzantine pope, declared a martyr for his exile to Chersonesus (modern-day Sevastopol, Crimea) by Emperor Constans II, a supporter of the Monothelite sect (which taught that Jesus had two natures, divine and human, but only one will, which ran counter to the orthodox stance of Jesus having two natures and wills) against which Martin wrote several letters.
- April 21 — Anselm of Canterbury (1033-1109) [RC]: Benedictine scholar and bishop of Canterbury, famous for asserting the Church's independence from politics and pioneering work on scholasticism.
- April 23 — George (280-303) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: A very popular preacher, legionary, and dragon-slayer. Patron of England, Portugal, Greece, Bulgaria, Catalonia, Georgia, and... just about half of Europe; a ridiculous number of cities; armored units; and the Boy Scouts.
- April 23 — Adalbert (of Prague) (956-957) [RC / Orth.]: Patron of Poland, Bohemia and Hungary, having served as Bishop of Prague and later killed during missionary efforts to Baltic Prussia.
- April 24 — Fidelis of Sigmaringen (1577-1622) [RC]: Capuchin friar and missionary to Calvinist Switzerland, where he met opposition and, ultimately, a violent death.
- April 28 — Peter Chanel (1803-1841) [RC]: French missionary to the Pacific islands, martyred in Futuna, and patron of Oceania.
- April 28 — Louis Grignion de Montfort (1673-1716) [RC]: French mystic and a prolific writer on the subject of the Virgin Mary.
- April 29 — Catherine of Siena (1347-1380) [RC / Angl. / Luth.]: Italian Dominican mystic and theologian; she mortified herself greatly for her faith, and is most famous for having a vision of a holy marriage to the infant Jesus. Patron saint of those ridiculed for their piety, of protection in childbirth, of nurses, and against fire. Declared one of the six Roman Catholic Patron Saints of Europe for her efforts to bring back the papacy from Avignon in France back to Rome.
- April 30 — Pope Pius V (Antonio Ghislieri) (1504-1572) [RC]: Dominican pontiff responsible for instituting the Council of Trent, which served to respond to the challenges of the Protestant Reformation with the Roman Catholic Church's own reformation.
- May 2 — Athanasius of Alexandria (296~298/373) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Bishop of Alexandria best known for his ardent defense of the doctrine of the Holy Trinity against the Arians, and Christianity in general against persecutions, earning him the title "Athanasius Against the World". Generally credited with the recognition of the 27 books of the Christian canon, or New Testament, of The Bible.
- May 12 — Nereus and Achilleus (late 1st c.) [RC]: Legendary martyrs and bodyguards of Flavia Domitillia, niece of Emperor Domitian and herself a later convert.
- May 12 — Pancras (of Rome) (289-303/304) [RC]: Teenage martyr under Emperor Diocletian. Not much is known about him except that he lent his name to a district of London.
- May 18 — Pope John I (470-526) [RC]: Martyred under the Arian Visigoth king Theodosius for alleged conspiracy with Emperor Justin of Byzantium, despite having been sent by Theodosius in the first place to Constantinople to secure a moderation of Justin's policies against Arians.
- May 20 — Bernardino of Siena (1380-1444) [RC]: Italian Franciscan friar famous for his tracts. Patron of advertisers and the public services sector.
- May 21 — Cristóbal Magallanes Jara (1869-1927) [RC]: Mexican priest, executed on trumped-up charges of agitating the Cristeros, a group of pious Catholic peasants rebelling against state anti-clericalism.
- May 22 — Rita of Cascia (1381-1457) [RC]: Augstinian nun and patron of impossible causes and battered housewives. Having spent many years enduring an Awful Wedded Life with an abusive, unfaithful nobleman (who was later killed amidst one of the many feuds he was caught up in), she took the habit after her two sons died before they can avenge their father, and spent her life in meditation.
- May 25 — Bede (673-735) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Benedictine abbot of Jarrow in northeastern England and one of the most eminent English historians.
- May 25 — Pope Gregory VII (Hildebrand of Sovana) (1015-1085) [RC]: Enforced celibacy among the clergy and affirmed the sovereignty of the papacy.
- May 25 — Mary Magdalene de' Pazzi (1566-1607) [RC]: Italian Carmelite nun who suffered throughout her short life even amidst multiple mystical visions.
- May 26 — Philip Neri (1515-1595) [RC]: Italian priest and founder of the Congregation of the Oratory (Oratorians) for secular priests (i.e., those not belonging to any monastic order) and a reformer, as well as a patron of humor.
- May 27 — Augustine of Canterbury (d. ~604) [RC / Orth. / Angl.]: Benedictine priest and very first bishop of Britain, sent by Pope Gregory I as part of a massive missionary effort.
- June 1 — Justin Martyr (100-165) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Early apologist (defender of religious tenets) who wrote several books in defense of the moral legitimacy of Christianity using tenets of classical philosophy.
- June 2 — Marcellinus and Peter (d. ~304) [RC]: Popular but historically ambiguous martyrs — the former a priest, the latter an exorcist — during the persecutions of Emperor Domitian.
- June 3 — Charles Lwanga (1860-1886) and the Martyrs of Uganda [RC / Angl.]: Court member of and victim to the wave of persecutions under King Mwanga II of Buganda, in a complicated combination of politico-religious conflict and colonialism.
- June 5 — Boniface (675-754) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: First archbishop of Mogontiacum (modern-day Mainz) and missionary to the Germans, killed by bandits during a trip to Frisia.
- June 6 — Norbert (of Xanten) (1080-1134) [RC]: Bishop of Magdeburg and founder of the Premonstratensian order of semi-monastic priests.
- June 9 — Ephrem (the Syrian) (306-373) [RC / Orth. / Angl.]: Deacon of Edessa (modern-day Şanlıurfa, Turkey) and patron of spiritual directors on account of his massive collection of written poems, hymns and sermons.
- June 13 — Anthony of Padua (1195-1231) [RC]: Franciscan monk and patron of his native Portugal, Brazil, miracles, the postal service, search for lost things, and the elderly and the oppressed on account of his charitable work. Generally depicted carrying the infant Jesus on his arms, alluding to his contemplative life.
- June 19 — Romuald (951-1027) [RC / Orth.]: Benedictine monk responsible for the revival of monasticism and founder of the Camaldolese subgroup of monks and nuns.
- June 21 — Aloysius Gonzaga (1568-1591) [RC]: Jesuit novice and patron of AIDS victims, having died at a very young age tending to victims of a plague.
- June 22 — Paulinus of Nola (354-431) [RC / Orth.]: Roman senator who turned to religious life (becoming bishop of Nola, near Naples in Italy), setting a precedent for other men of privilege who aspire to turn to the habit.
- June 22 — John Fisher (1469-1535) and Thomas More (1478-1535) [RC / Angl.]: Martyrs of the English Reformation under King Henry VIII — the former was bishop of Rochester, near London; the latter, a statesman and counselor to King Henry — for refusing to acknowledge Henry's usurpation of papal authority over the Church of England (all because Rome decline to grant his request for annulment from Catherine of Aragon in favor of the fertile Anne Boleyn). While Roman Catholic by orientation, Anglicans have recently given them reverence as martyrs for personal conscience and unfortunate victims of the politico-religious chaos of the period.
- June 27 — Cyril of Alexandria (376-444): Patriarch of Alexandria, leading his local church in a period of politico-religious strife with which he often got embroiled in.
- June 28 — Irenaeus (130-202): Bishop of Lugdunum in Gaul (modern-day Lyon, France) and martyr, as well as a major source for what much of the world knows of Gnosticism through his polemical writings.
- July 4 — Elizabeth of Portugal (1271-1336) [RC]: Franciscan layperson and queen consort of Portugal who spent her life as a widow doing charitable work to the less fortunate of her realm.
- July 5 — Anthony Maria Zaccaria (1502-1539) [RC]: Founder of the Barnabite Order of priests, dedicated to reforming the Church in Milan, as well as a later agent of the Catholic Counter-Reformation.
- July 6 — Maria Goretti (1890-1902) [RC]: Patron of victims of rape and crime in general, having died forgiving her attempted rapist and eventual killer.
- July 9 — Martyrs of China [RC]: A commemoration of Christians killed from the 16th century onwards. In particular, Roman Catholics venerate Augustine Zhao Rong (d. 1815), a diocesan priest.
- July 11 — Benedict of Nursia (480-543) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Pioneer of Western monasticism, whose life and teachings inspired the creation of a confederacy of autonomous monastic groups adhering to his precepts. He is also one of the six Roman Catholic Patron Saints of Europe on account of his lasting contributions to the growth of the medieval Church.
- July 13 — Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor (973-1024) [RC]: Benedictine oblate who, together with his wife, Cunigunde of Luxembourg, led lives of chaste matrimony, holiness and charitable work.
- July 14 — Camillus de Lellis (1550-1614) [RC]: Italian priest and patron of hospitals, nurses and physicians, having founded the Ministers to the Infirm (Camillans) to tend to the sick.
- July 15 — Bonaventure (1221-1274) [RC]: Italian Franciscan theologian and philosopher, famed for his extensive body of works on many scholarly subjects.
- July 20 — Apollinaris of Ravenna (1st c.) [RC]: Patron saint of epileptics and gout sufferers; reputedly vested by Saint Peter himself, Apollinaris served as a Church leader until his execution during the persecutions of Emperor Nero.
- July 21 — Lawrence of Brindisi (1559-1619) [RC / Orth.]: Capuchin friar and theologian, who was not only active during the Counter-Reformation, but also during the defense of Hungary against the Ottomans.
- July 23 — Bridget of Sweden (1303-1373) [RC / Luth.]: Founder of the Order of the Most Holy Savior, a religious order open to men and women alike, and patron of her native Sweden, as well as Europe in general, on account of her mystical visions and pilgrimages.
- July 24 — Charbel Makhlouf (1828-1898) [RC]: Lebanese hermit and one of the few saints recognized from the Maronite Church, an Eastern Catholic sect (that is, in full communion with the Western Church while retaining its particular rite, of which there is an abundance throughout the eastern Mediterranean) unique to Lebanon and its diaspora.
- 26 July — Joachim and Anne (1st c. BC) (Roman Catholic, Anglican / 9 September — Orthodox [Joachim])
Parents of the Virgin Mary according to the apocryphal Protoevangelium of James, and thus maternal grandparents of Jesus, who conceived Mary despite their old age and Anna's barrenness (which some scholars see parallels with the story of Hannah, mother of the titular character of The Books Of Samuel in The Bible. Patrons of grandparents, with Anne in particular having a wider range of patronages, including Canada, Brittany, Detroit, and childless parents.
- July 30 — Peter Chrysologus (380-450) [RC / Orth.]: Bishop of Ravenna, famed for his many homilies (spiritual lessons during Mass).
- July 31 — Ignatius of Loyola (1491-1556) [RC / Angl.]: Basque priest and founder of the Society of Jesus (Jesuits), a missionary order that focuses on education and the order of the current Pope, Francis; patron of soldiers (having been one before finding his spiritual calling while recovering from a Career-Ending Injury) and spiritual retreats (on account of his writings on meditation and spiritual exercises).
- August 3 — Alphonsus Maria de' Liguori (1696-1787) [RC]: Italian bishop, founder of the Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer (Redemptorists) and patron of confessors, stemming from his extensive body of work on meditations on the Blessed Virgin Mary.
- August 2 — Eusebius of Vercelli (283-371) [RC]: Bishop of Vercelli, between Milan and Turin, and an ally of Athanasius and Hilary in their defense of orthodox Christianity against Arianism.
- August 2 — Peter Julian Eymard (1811-1868) [RC]: French priest and advocate of the adoration of the Holy Eucharist (a small piece of unleavened bread which is the body of Jesus offered to humanity as forgiveness of their sins).
- August 3 — John Vianney (1786-1859) [RC]: French cleric and patron of parish priests, revered for his tireless service to the town of Ars-sur-Formans in France, contributing to its moral transformation.
- August 7 — Pope Sixtus II (d. 258) [RC]: Martyred under Emperor Valerian with six of his deacons. Also known for reconciling with the African and Byzantine churches after the rift caused by the Novatian schism, which rejected readmission of Christians forced to lapse during persecution without re-baptism.
- August 7 — Cajetan (1480-1547) [RC]: Italian priest and patron of the unemployed and gamblers, having founded a bank for the poor of Naples as an alternative to loan sharks; also, patron of Argentina.
- August 8 — Dominic (1170-1221) [RC / Angl. / Luth.]: Castilian priest and founder of the Order of Preachers (Dominicans), which helped spread Christianity and scholasticism during the Middle Ages. Also the patron of astronomers as well as the Dominican Republic.
- August 9 — Teresa Benedicta of the Cross (Edith Stein) (1891-1942) [RC]: German Jewish philosopher and later a Carmelite nun, executed during the Holocaust. Declared one of the six Roman Catholic Patrons of Europe as a victim of the violence of the twentieth century on account of her Christian and Jewish heritages.
- August 10 — Lawrence of Rome (225-258) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Protégé, treasurer, and the first deacon of Pope Sixtus II, executed three days after the Pope and his six fellow deacons, famously by being roasted alive, for refusing to hand over the treasury of the Church. Patron of the city of Rome, Canada, students, librarians, cooks, chefs, and comedians (by way of claiming the poor and destitute of Rome, to which he was assigned to take care of, as the true treasures of the Church, and later his Gallows Humor, sarcastically suggesting to his executioners to roll his body over once one side is burnt enough) [note]The Comedian patronage comes from the fact that he was quite famous for his personal library of joke books and would often entertain guests by reading from his collection. Apparently, some of them were quite the Increadibly Lame Pun for their day.[/note].
- August 11 — Clare of Assisi (1194-1253) [RC / Angl. / Luth.]: Founder of the Order of Poor Ladies (now known as the Poor Clares), a monastic order for women inspired by that founded by her compatriot Saint Francis. Patron of television, having had a vision of Mass being celebrated while she was bedridden with an illness.
- August 12 — Jane Frances de Chantal (1572-1641) [RC]: French baroness-turned-nun, widowed after a short but fruitful marriage, and a friend of Saint Francis de Sales, with whom she founded the Congregation of the Visitation (Visitandines) for women rejected by other orders due to illness or age, for which she was declared patron of forgotten people.
- August 13 — Pope Pontian and Hippolytus of Rome (d. 235) [RC / Orth. / Angl.]: Martyrs under Emperor Maximimus. Having been bitter enemies in life, the latter leading the Greek-speaking Christians in Rome and later leading a schismatic group rivaling that of the former, both men eventually reconciled while sentenced to hard labor in Sardinia.
- August 14 — Maximilian Kolbe (1894-1941) [RC / Angl. / Luth.]: Polish Franciscan friar and a martyr of the Holocaust, having been sent to Auschwitz for his anti-Nazi rhetoric and sheltering Jews in his convents, and eventually committing a Heroic Sacrifice by taking the place of a father sentenced to be one of ten men starved to death as punishment for the escape of a prisoner. Patron of prisoners, especially those of the political variant.
- August 16 — King Stephen I of Hungary (975-1038) [RC / Orth.]: Founder and patron of Hungary, highly revered for his political and religious advocacy to unite the Hungarian people.
- August 19 — John Eudes (1601-1680) [RC]: French priest and mystic, as well as an advocate of the veneration of the Sacred Heart of Jesus and the Immaculate Heart of Mary, celebrated currently on, respectively, the Friday and Saturday after the second Sunday after Pentecost.
- August 20 — Bernard of Clairvaux (1090-1153) [RC / Angl. / Luth.]: French abbot and reformer of the Cistercians, an order of monks adhering to a stricter form of Saint Benedict's rules for monastic life, later participating in The Crusades as spiritual advisor. Patron of Burgundy, Gibraltar and the Knights Templar.
- August 21 — Pope Pius X (Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto) (1835-1914) [RC]: Conservative pontiff known for his opposition to modernist interpretations of Roman Catholic doctrine, but also for his charitable work. Patron of first-time communicants, catechists and Atlanta.
- August 23 — Rose of Lima (Isabel Flores de Oliva) (1586-1617) [RC / Angl.]: The very first canonized saint born in the Americas; a Dominican laywoman who spent her life in severe asceticism and charity work. Patron of her native Peru, Latin America in general and its indigenous peoples in particular, gardeners and florists.
- August 25 — King Louis IX of France (1214-1270) [RC / Angl.]: The only sainted French royalty, being a Franciscan layman whose Christian convictions influenced his policies. Patron of France and New Orleans.
- August 25 — Joseph Calasanz (1557-1648) [RC]: Spanish priest and founder of the Order of Poor Clerics Regular of the Mother of God of the Pious Schools (Piarists), the oldest Roman Catholic order dedicated to education and patron of all Roman Catholic schools.
- August 27 — Monica (322-387) [RC and Angl. / Orth. and Luth., May 4]: Mother of Saint Augustine, responsible for helping her son return to orthodox Christianity from a life of hedonism. Patron of people suffering from difficult family situations.
- August 28 — Augustine of Hippo (354-430) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Bishop of Hippo Regius (modern-day Annaba, Algeria) and patron of North Africa, brewers, printers and theologians. He wrote extensively over his extremely hedonistic lifestyle before his conversion due to the efforts of his mother, Monica, as well as his advisor, Bishop Ambrose of Milan, eventually settling as a bishop himself, writing books on theology that would shape Western Christian thought for centuries to come.
- September 3 — Pope Gregory I (the Great) (540-604) [RC / Orth., Angl. and Luth., March 12]: A nobleman who used both his experiences as prefect and monk to lead the Church efficiently. Besides writing a lot of books (more than any other pope ever since), he helped establish a school system of education (in contrast to apprenticeship of centuries past), reformed Christian liturgy, and initiated a massive missionary effort to Britain. Patron of teachers, musicians and singers, on account of having reputedly invented Gregorian chant.
- September 9 — Peter Claver (1580-1654): Catalan Jesuit priest and missionary to Colombia, revered for his love for and defense of rights of slaves. Patron of Colombia, slaves, seafarers, and ministry to African Americans.
- September 13 — John Chrysostom (349-407) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Archbishop of Constantinople and a prominent figure of the post-apostolic Church, famed for his sermons and gift of eloquence, for which he earned the title "Chrysostom" (literally, "golden-mouthed"). Patron of public speakers and Istanbul, as well as the namesake of a prominent liturgical rite among the Eastern Orthodox Churches.
- September 16 — Pope Cornelius (d. 253) and Cyprian (200-258) [RC / Orth.]: Bishops of Rome and Carthage, respectively, who dealt with the Novatian opposition to readmitting lapsed Christians.
- September 17 — Robert Bellarmine (1542-1621) [RC]: Italian Jesuit bishop and a leading figure in the Counter-Reformation, as well as an Inquisitor, in particular handling the cases of Giordano Bruno and Galileo Galilei on account of their support for the heliocentric Copernican model of the solar system.
- September 19 — Januarius (d. 305) [RC / Orth.]: First bishop of Benevento, northeast of Naples, and martyr under Emperor Diocletian. Patron of Naples and blood banks (said city holds a vial of what is thought to be his coagulated blood which liquefies thrice a year).
- September 20 — Andrew Kim Taegon (1821-1846), Paul Chong Hasang (1794-1839) and the Martyrs of Korea [RC / Angl.]: Two of the first martyrs of the Church in Korea during a time of conflict between Christian egalitarianism and Korea's Confucian philosophy of social hierarchy. The former was the first ordained Korean priest; the latter, a layman.
- September 23 — (Padre) Pio of Pietrelcina (1887-1968) [RC]: Italian Capuchin friar and mystic, famous for bearing the stigmata (wounds of Jesus on his hands and feet) throughout his life. Patron of civil defense volunteers and people under stress.
- September 26 — Cosmas and Damian (d. 287) [RC / Orth.]: Twin brothers and martyrs from Aegeae (modern-day Yumurtalık, Turkey). Famous for their volunteer medical work, for which they are revered as patrons of surgeons, physicians, pharmacists and dentists.
- September 27 — Vincent de Paul (1581-1660) [RC / Angl.]: French priest and founder of the Congregation of the Mission (Vincentians or Lazarists), famed for his charitable work to the poor.
- September 28 — Wenceslaus I, Duke of Bohemia (907-935) [RC / Orth.]: Nobleman famous for his benevolent rule and his tragic death at the hands of his own brother, Duke Boleslaus I (who later deeply regretted the fratricide). Patron of Prague, Bohemia and the Czech Republic.
- September 28 — Lorenzo Ruiz (1600-1637) [RC]: Filipino altar boy and member of an ill-fated Dominican mission to Japan, where he was executed for his unwavering faith. Patron of his native Philippines, migrant workers and the poor.
- Setpember 29 — Michael, Gabriel and Raphael, Archangels
- Michael [RC, Angl. and Luth. / Orth., November 8 (new calendar) or 21 (old calendar)]: General of God's armies and Knight in Shining Armor extraordinaire. Chief guardian of the Church and patron of police officers, soldiers, mariners, paratroopers, firefighters, paramedics, Germany, France, Ukraine, Brussels and Kiev.
- Gabriel [RC, Angl. and Luth. / Orth., November 8]: Messenger of God who informed Mary that she was pregnant with Jesus. Patron of telecommunications workers, radio broadcasters, messengers, ambassadors and diplomats.
- Raphael [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: An angel introduced in Tobit (a book deemed canonical in Roman Catholic and Orthodox versions of The Bible, and apocryphal elsewhere) and a traveling healer. Patron of travelers, apothecaries and blind people.
- September 30 — Jerome (347-420) [RC, Angl. and Luth. / Orth., June 15]: Hermit famous for his herculean feat of translating the entirety of The Bible from Hebrew and Greek into Latin, which was compiled as the "Vulgate", as well as commentaries on the Gospels. Patron of biblical scholars, archeologists, translators, archivists and librarians.
- October 1 — Thérèse of Lisieux (1873-1897) [RC]: French Carmelite nun widely venerated for her life of great simplicity and humility. Patron of France, Russia, Alaska, gardeners, and AIDS patients (having died young after a bout of tuberculosis).
- October 4 — Francis of Assisi (1181/1182-1226) [RC / Angl. / Luth.]: Italian friar and founder of the Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans) and other associated orders dedicated to mendicancy (an avowed life of poverty and ministry). A son of a merchant who cast aside his wealth to live in meditation, and also had a gift with animals, even preaching to birds and calming wolves. He was a humble lover of nature, and the first recorded Christian to receive the stigmata. Arguably one of the most beloved saints throughout Christianity and namesake of the current pope (formerly Jorge Mario Bergoglio, Archbishop of Buenos Aires), he is the patron of Italy, San Francisco, animals, the environment and merchants.
- October 6 — Bruno of Cologne (1030-1101) [RC]: German priest and founder of the Carthusians, an order of enclosed monks and nuns following a rule different from that issued by Saint Benedict. Famed for his humility, going so far as to decline a bishopric from his former pupil, Pope Urban II. Patron of Germany, Calabria (whose see he declined) and monastic communities.
- October 9 — Denis (d. 250/258/270) [RC / Orth. / Angl.]: First bishop of Paris, famously depicted carrying his own severed head after his execution during the persecutions of Emperor Decius, preaching repentance for a few hours before finally dying. Patron of France, Paris, and sufferers of headache.
- October 9 — Giovanni Leonardi (1541-1609) [RC]: Italian priest and founder of the Clerics Regular of the Mother of God of Lucca, as well as a friend of Saint Philip Neri, who spent his life in devotion to the Virgin Mary.
- October 11 — Pope John XXIII (Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli) (1881-1963) [RC / Angl., June 4 / Luth., June 3]: Pontiff under whose reign the Second Vatican Council was convened to reform the Roman Catholic Church for the 20th century, as well as an advocate of ecumenism. Well-loved for his genial nature. Patron of papal delegates (having previously served as one to Greece and Turkey) and Christian unity.
- October 14 — Pope Callixtus I (d. 223) [RC]: A former slave turned Bishop of Rome. Patron of cemetery workers, having spent his early years in the priesthood tending to catacombs where Christian martyrs were buried.
- October 15 — Teresa of Ávila (1515-1582) [RC / Angl. / Luth.]: Spanish Carmelite nun, mystic and theologian, responsible for the reformation of her order and famous for her visions and works on mental prayer. Patron of sufferers of headaches, lace makers and workers, people in religious orders, and people ridiculed for their piety (having suffered such from her superiors for her lifestyle).
- October 16 — Hedwig of Silesia (1174-1243) [RC]: Bavarian-born duchess revered for her tireless service for the poor and refugees from the many wars that rocked Central Europe throughout the thirteenth century. Patron of orphans (earning her a very famous avian namesake), Berlin, Brandenburg, Poland, Kraków, Silesia and Wrocław.
- October 16 — Margaret Mary Alacoque (1647-1690) [RC]: French Visitandine nun responsible for the modern veneration of the Sacred Heart of Jesus. Patron of polio victims.
- October 17 — Ignatius of Antioch (35-108) [RC, Angl. and Luth. / Orth., December 20]: Bishop of Antioch (modern-day Antakya, Turkey) and one of the most respected apostolic-era writers, many of which written en route to Rome where he was executed by being fed to the lions. Patron of the particular Churches of the eastern Mediterranean and North Africa.
- October 19 — Jean de Brébeuf (1593-1649) and Isaac Jogues (1607-1646) [RC / Angl.]: French Jesuit missionaries to the indigenous peoples of Canada and the first martyrs of the Americas. Co-patrons of Canada.
- October 19 — Paul of the Cross (1694-1775) [RC]: Italian priest and mystic, and founder of the Congregation of the Passion of Jesus Christ (Passionists), an order dedicated to the meditation on the death and resurrection of Jesus.
- October 22 — Pope John Paul II (Karol Józef Wojtyła) (1920-2005) [RC]: First Slavic and first non-Italian pontiff in 500 years. Arguably one of the best-known and most-loved popes on account of his many international travels (more than any other pope before him) and a lengthy 26-year reign (by the standards of popes, majority of whom are elected at an advanced age). Patron of Kraków, where he served as archbishop before his ascent.
- October 23 — John of Capistrano (1386-1456) [RC]: Italian Franciscan friar, theologian and inquisitor, as well as a crusader leading the defense of Belgrade against the Ottomans. Patron of jurists, military chaplains, Belgrade and Hungary.
- October 24 — Anthony Mary Claret (1807-1870) [RC]: Catalan bishop and confessor to Queen Isabella II of Spain, and founder of the Missionary Sons of the Immaculate Heart of Mary (Claretians), a community of priests dedicated to charity and education for the poor. Patron of textile merchants, the Canary Islands and technical/vocational educators.
- November 1 — All Saints: A universal commemoration of all the saints, observed in virtually all major Christian denominations.
- November 3 — Martin de Porres (1579-1639) [RC / Angl. / Luth.]: Peruvian Dominican lay brother who defied the stigma of being the illegitimate son of a Spanish nobleman and a freed African slave to lead a life of humility and charity. Patron of mixed-race people, barbers, innkeepers and advocates for racial harmony.
- November 4 — Charles Borromeo (1538-1584) [RC]: Archbishop of Milan and a prominent figure in the Counter-Reformation, as well as an advocate for the foundation of religious seminaries. Patron of bishops, catechumens, and Lombardy, as well as protector against ulcers.
- November 10 — Pope Leo I (the Great) (400-461) [RC / Orth. / Angl.]: Bishop of Rome famous for standing up to Attila the Hun and persuading him to turn back from Italy, as well as a major influence in the orthodox Christian stance of Jesus having both divine and human natures.
- November 11 — Martin of Tours (316/336-397) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Hungarian-born Roman soldier turned first bishop of Tours in France after a vision of Christ who earlier disguised himself as a beggar in the middle of winter who was given a part of his cloak. Patron of beggars, recovering alcoholics and horses.
- November 12 — Josaphat Kuntsevych (1580-1623) [RC]: One of the few saints from the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church, a Byzantine-rite Catholic sect (that is, in full communion with Rome while adhering to almost the same rites as the Eastern Orthodox Churches), and archeparch (the eastern equivalent of the western archbishops) of Polotsk (in modern-day Belarus) until his death during a period of strife between the Orthodox and Catholic churches of the region. Patron of Ukraine.
- November 15 — Albertus Magnus (1200-1280) [RC]: German Dominican friar and mentor of Saint Thomas Aquinas. Patron of scientists, students and Cincinnati.
- November 16 — Margaret of Scotland (1045-1093) [RC]: English-born princess and Queen of Scots, famous for her charitable work. Patron of Scotland and Anglo-Scots relations.
- November 16 — Gertrude the Great (1256-1302) [RC]: German Benedictine nun and mystic, and patron of the West Indies.
- November 17 — Elizabeth of Hungary (1207-1231) [RC / Angl. / Luth.]: Hungarian princess and Franciscan laywoman. Married and widowed at a young age, she spent the rest of her short life in works of charity. Patron of hospitals, nurses, bakers and the Third Order of Saint Francis, an order for laypeople who wish to live in contemplation while still functioning in the ordinary world.
- November 22 — Cecilia (c. 2nd century) [RC / Orth. / Angl.]: Semi-legendary but incredibly popular patron of musicians (by way of pious legend claiming that she sang to God during her wedding to a pagan nobleman, who later converted and was eventually martyred with her).
- November 23 — Pope Clement I (d. 99) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Reputed handpicked heir of Saint Peter as Bishop of Rome and an outstanding writer. Patron of mariners and stone-cutters (by way of legend claiming he was executed during the reign of Emperor Trajan by being tied onto an anchor and thrown into the sea).
- November 23 — Columbanus (543-615) [RC]: Irish missionary to France and patron of motorcyclists.
- November 24 — Andrew Dũng-Lạc (1795-1839) [RC]: Vietnamese priest and one of the first martyrs of that nation, described as one of the most brutal and politicized in history (largely due to Christianity's association with French colonists).
- November 25 — Catherine of Alexandria (287-305) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Semi-legendary but very popular princess, scholar and virgin martyr. Patron of unmarried girls, apologists, and craftsmen who work on a wheel such as potters and spinners (legend has it that she was executed by being put on a spiked breaking wheel).
- December 3 — Francis Xavier (1506-1552) [RC / Angl. / Luth.]: One of the co-founders of the Society of Jesus (Jesuits) and a close friend of Saint Ignatius of Loyola, famed for his extensive missionary efforts to India and Japan. Patron of the East Indies, Japan and foreign missions.
- December 4 — John of Damascus (675/676-749) [RC / Orth. / Angl.]: Priest and polymath and writer of expositions of the faith and hymns amidst Muslim-ruled Syria. Patron of pharmacists and icon painters.
- December 6 — Nicholas (270-343) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Bishop of Myra (modern-day Demre, Turkey), famed for his generousness, which translated into the character of Santa Claus. Patron of children, repentant thieves and bankers, moneylenders and financiers (by way of pious legend stating that he spared a poor father the disgrace of selling his three daughters to prostitution by secretly giving them treasure to sell).
- December 7 — Ambrose (340-397) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Bishop of Mediolanum (modern-day Milan, Italy) and a former governor before his ascent as bishop, during which he preached against Arians and was influential in the conversion of Saint Augustine from a life of sin. Patron of beekeepers, bishops and the city of Milan, which keeps a particular Latin-language liturgical rite named after him, one of the few tolerated after the reforms of the Second Vatican Council enforced the Roman Rite (partially because Pope Paul VI previously served as archbishop).
- December 9 — Juan Diego (1474-1548) [RC]: Indigenous Mexican convert and visionary of Our Lady of Guadalupe.
- December 11 — Pope Damasus I (305-384) [RC]: Bishop of Rome under whose tenure Saint Jerome began his translation of the books of The Bible into Latin. Patron of archaeologists.
- December 13 — Lucy (283-304) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Virgin martyr from Syracuse in Sicily and patron of the blind (largely due to her name being a play on lux, the Latin word for "light").
- December 14 — John of the Cross (1542-1591) [RC / Angl. / Luth.]: Spanish Carmelite monk and mystic, as well as a disciple of Saint Teresa of Ávila, with whom he implemented reforms in the order even in the face of opposition. Patron of mystics, Spanish poets and contemplatives.
- December 21 — Peter Canisius (1521-1597) [RC]: Dutch Jesuit priest responsible for the restoration of the Roman Catholic Church in Germany following the Protestant Reformation. Patron of Germany and the Catholic press.
- December 23 — John Cantius (1390-1473) [RC]: Polish priest and physicist, whose works foreshadowed the rethinking of the laws of physics by Galileo Galilei and Isaac Newton. Patron of Poland and Lithuania.
- December 29 — Thomas Becket (1119-1170) [RC / Angl.]: Archbishop of Canterbury, who engaged in a lifelong conflict with King Henry II of England over the rights and properties of the Church until he was murdered during Mass by four knights who misinterpreted rash words from the King. Patron of secular clergy.
- December 31 — Pope Sylvester I (d. 335) [RC / Orth., January 2]: Bishop of Rome during whose tenure Emperor Constantine the Great officially endorsed Christianity as the state religion of the Roman Empire. Otherwise obscure, he is venerated by Roman Catholics as the New Year's Eve pontiff.
- Saint Barbara, patron saint of those in dangerous occupations (including Russian rocketeers) and anything involving Stuff Blowing Up. An early convert to Christianity, she refused her pagan father's commands to recant, and he beheaded her. He was shortly thereafter struck by lightning and disappeared in a cloud of smoke.
- She is the patron saint of all occupations where imminent and violent death is ubiquitous, including miners, artillerymen, military engineers and steelworkers.
- Saint Bernadette, patron saint of the sick and poverty-stricken.
- Saint Cecelia, patroness of musicians.
- Saint Christopher, who carried Christ across a river, patron saint of travellers, and a medal of whom is usually featured in a car, is often the butt of car-related jokes.
- Saint Dismas, the traditional name of the thief crucified to Jesus's right. Patron of prisoners on Death Row and of criminals who wish to reform.
- Saint Dymphna. Historically, there is evidence of a martyr of this name. She picked up a legend of having repulsed her father's attempts to rape and murder her — like the Fairy Tale "All Kinds of Fur" Donkeyskin, and their variants — and is the patroness of the mentally ill and emotionally disturbed.
- Saint Jadwiga/Hedwig of Poland. Named for Hedwig of Silesia. King of Poland 1384-1399, she also converted her husband Władysław II Jagiełło (and thus all of Lithuania) to Catholicism. There is a famous story about a miracle in her lifetime about an apron full of roses, which has various explanations. She is the patron saint of queens and of a united Europe.
- Saint Joan of Arc, co-patron saint of France (Saint Denis is the original patron) and archetypal Action Girl, the Jeanne d'Archétype. She's also the patron saint of prisoners and, more famously, of military personnel, including soldiers, women who have served in the WAVES (Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service), and Women's Army Corps.
- Saint Joseph of Cupertino, who reputedly levitated while praying, and was ordered to pray in private so he wouldn't scare other worshipers and had a run-in with the Inquisition because of it. He has been declared the patron saint of air travelers, aviators, astronauts, people with a mental handicap, test takers and poor students.
- Saint Olaf, formerly a uniting King of Norway, now its patron saint. Legend credits him with converting his country to Christianity; modern historians are less certain, and speculate that he may have been a bit more pagan and bloodthirsty than sainthood usually warrants. History is silent on whether or not he liked warm hugs.
- Saint Pantaleon, a saint of the Orthodox church. The legend of his martyrdom says that he forgave his persecutors even as they were killing him. For this reason, he is also called "Pantalaimon," which means "All-Compassionate." His patronage includes physicians and lottery ticket holders.
- Saint Thomas More, patron saint of politicians, statesmen, and lawyers.
- Saint Veronica, patron saint of photography. During Christ's passion, Veronica wiped his face with a cloth, and the cloth miraculously bore Christ's image.
- The Internet claims as patron saints Gabriel, Charles Borromeo, and (officially) Isidore, who began work on the Etymologiae, a Great Big Book of Everything, in the 7th century CE.
- Should you ever need an intercessor fast while editing This Very Wiki, another saint who can help is Saint Clare of Assisi, the patron saint of television. The legend goes that one day she was lying too ill to attend Mass, but by a miracle was permitted to see and hear the service as if displayed on the wall of her room. She is also prayed to for help with telegraphs, telephones, and to ensure nice weather. And if you're wondering, yes, she knew St. Francis of Assisi, in fact they were close friends and colleagues.
- ...and other saints with unusual patronage. There can be a lot of overlap in patronage, particularly in issues that cause people to pray a lot.
- In a strange but ubiquitous bit of trivia, many martyrs ended up becoming patron saints related to their method of martyrdom. For example, Saint Lucy's eyes were gouged out, but restored miraculously. Now she's the patron saint of eye problems. Saint Blaise not only healed a boy who was about to choke to death on a fishbone but was killed by swords to the throat, so he became the patron against all illnesses and aches of the throat. And so on and so forth. This makes sense — if you have trouble with your health, you want an intercessor with first hand experience — but then this bleeds over into professions. St. Bartholomew, who legend says was skinned alive, is the patron saint of tanners and leatherworkers. And St. Lawrence, who was traditionally martyred by roasting alive on a grill (and made a joke about how he was done on one side and needed to be turned over) is the patron saint of cooks (and comedians). Odd... One wonders if some recorder on the way had a rather dark sense of humor.
- Saint Jude's Children Research Hospital, who treats and hopes to find cures for things like cancer. Other common patrons for hospitals are Saint Luke (who according to St. Paul (Colossians IV, xiv.) was a physician) and Saint Mary under her title of "The Immaculate Conception" is also the Patron Saint of the United States.
- Saint Barbara is the patron saint of Heavy Artillery and Artillerymen (as well as fireworks, rockets, and other stuff involving gunpowder that go boom).
- St. Nicholas, in addition to children and repentant thieves, is also the patron saint of sailors. Russian navy, in particular, has a habit of naming ships and installations after St. Nicholas, which recently led to some chagrin as a new nuclear missile submarine was rumored to be named "St. Nicholas," at the idea of a ship capable of raining death in form of ICBMs around the world being named after the patron saint of children (there already was and still is a Russian attack submarine named St. Nicholas, in the Pacific Fleet, however).
- In the end, the nuclear missile submarine was eventually named after Prince Vladimir of Kiev, not St. Nicholas. Of course, Prince Vladimir is himself a saint, being responsible for Christianization of Eastern Slavic nations, and is a patron saint of Russia itself.
- Emperor Norton is the only real-life person considered to be a Discordian saint.
- St. Philip Neri is patron of the US Special Forces.
- Lots of cities are named after saints: St. Paul, San Francisco, etc.
- There are patron saints for, among others, Fireworks (St. Barbara) and Translators (St. Jerome).
- St. Sebastian, Patron Saint of snipers (well, archers) and plague victims. Also unofficial (for obvious reasons) patron of the gay community, as he is one of the few saints generally depicted in the (nearly) nude (unless, of course, one suspects an obscure "penetration" pun).
- St. Mark is the Patron Saint of Venice, and the Venetian Battlecry is "Vive San Marco".
- St. George is the Patron Saint of England, and the English Battlecry is "Saint George for Merry England!"
- In recent years, various people have called for St George to be replaced as Patron of England on the grounds that he had nothing to do with the place. The problem is that choosing a replacement will probably upset more people than it pleases - Saints Alban, Edward the Confessor note , Edward the Martyr and Edmund the Martyr all have sizeable followings to name but a few, all having been recognised in some capacity as Patrons of England *prior* to St George. Just make things even more complicated, Roman Catholics and some Anglicans would argue that the Virgin Mary also has a stake - prior to the Reformation, Marian devotion was so strong in England that the country was referred to as the "Dowry of Mary".
- As St. George was originally a Greek-speaker from the Middle East (born in now-Israeli city of Lod), probably a Semite who would now be considered an Arab Christian, he has a large following in the Middle East and Eastern Europe, being the patron saint of such countries as Georgia, Greece, Ethiopia, Serbia, and Palestine, as well as the cities of Moscow and Beirut. George came to England via the returning Crusaders, especially Richard the Lionhearted.
- St George is not alone among British patron saints. The only one who was actually a native of the country they patronise was St David. St Patrick at least lived in Ireland, but Andrew the Apostle would never have heard of Scotland.
- St. Dionysus (Dennis, Denis) is the Patron Saint of France, and the French Battlecry is « Montjoie Saint Denis ! » ("Mountjoy" is a word of uncertain origin.)
- St. James (the Greater) is the Patron Saint of Spain, and the Spanish Battlecry is —¡Santiago, y cierra España!— ("Saint James, and close with them, Spain!"). This is derived from the legendary Battle of Clavijo where James descended from heaven to assist the Spaniards during the Reconquista.
- St. James the Greater is also the second Patron Saint of the United States, although nobody ever mentions it.
- St. Thomas More was made the Patron Saint of lawyers and statesmen. If The West Wing is ever remade and the President is still Catholic, there should be an icon of More in the Oval Office, don't you think?
- Bartholomew the Apostle, who - among other things - presides over mental and neurological disorders. There's got to be someone of that name with a mental disorder...right?
- St. Dymphna is also considered a patron saint of mental and neurological disorders, seemingly just because the majority of healings reported at her shrine were that.
- There is a traditional grouping of saints invoked together as protectors against certain ills, the "Fourteen Holy Helpers" often honored together in one church or shrine: St. Agathius, St. Barbara, St. Blaise (on whose feast day Catholics used to have their throats blessed against disease), St. Catherine of Alexandria (she of the wheel, which was commemorated in the Catherine-wheel firework), St. Christopher, St. Cyriacus, St. Denis of France, St. Erasmus, St. Eustace, St. George, St. Giles, St. Margaret of Antioch (who was swallowed by a devil in the form of a dragon, made the sign of the Cross, burst out of its stomach, and became patroness of childbirth), St. Pantaleon, and St. Vitus (he of the dance, i.e., the disease choreia). Their most famous shrine, the Basilika Vierzehnheiligen near Bamberg (Bavaria, Germany), is a very well-known work of Baroque architecture by the famous Balthasar Neumann.
- One theory of the origin of the nautical legend of Davy Jones' Locker is that Davy Jones is actually a bowlderized version of Saint David of Wales, whom Welsh sailors would beseech for aid in times of danger. In this interpretation, Davy Jones is not punishing, but helping sailors, by keeping their souls safe in his Locker.
- Joseph of Cupertino (who had a reputation for levitating during Mass) is the Patron Saint of Spacers. Yes there is already a patron saint of spacers despite it being a rather new occupation. And any would-be Space Opera writers among the tropers can use him in your Mythopoeia.
- Thomas Aquinas is the Patron of Scholars, and Intellectuals. In other words he is the official geek saint. He is One of Us.
- The US presidential election in 2000 involved controversy over the vote count due to improperly punched pieces of ballots known as "chads." It was jokingly suggested that perhaps the appropriately named St. Chad of Mercia could become the patron of disputed elections, since he humbly resigned a contentious appointment to a bishopric. (In reality, of course, there is no actual patron of elections, which may explain a few things. However, Thomas More is the patron saint of politicians.)
- Saint Thomas (the doubting one) is patron saint of architects, builders, and doubters. He's also considered the patron saint of forensic investigation and medical examiners because he didn't believe Jesus had returned from the dead until he examined His wounds.
- Saint Simeon of Emesa is the patron saint of Obfuscating Insanity, or to use the theological term "Holy Fools". He acted as a lunatic, practicing outlandish and disruptive behavior such as going around half-naked, dragging a dog carcass tied to his waist, and throwing walnuts at people in church, doing all his works of charity and miracles out of the public eye. This was a ploy to help preserve his humility, and other Holy Fools or yurodivy followed his example.
- St. Mark Ji Tianxiang is gaining traction as a patron saint for persons suffering from chemical addiction. He was a Chinese physician in the late 1800s who became addicted to opium, lost his livelihood and disgraced his family. He was unable to recover from his addiction despite years of trying. The reason he is a saint? During one of the Chinese governments persecutions of the Church, he refused to renounce Jesus, and died a martyr.