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Readings Are Off the Scale
"So many energy sources are described this way in the Trek universe, it must be its own category in the Federation database. Something like
. (See: Misc.).”
The instruments used by the heroes, be they solitary investigators in the back woods or interstellar explorers on the fringes of the galaxy, are never up to the task of actually measuring the full scope of their subjects. Nor can they be recalibrated to expand that range at the cost of some loss of detail. The result is that not a day goes by that something doesn't peg the meters, rendering them completely useless.
A reading that's so far off the scale as to be truly incredible may even cause the measuring device to suffer from Explosive Instrumentation
Presumably this is to allow writers to say something is astonishingly big or powerful, without having to make up the measuring units
for Subspace Quantum Tachyon Emissions
, or using a real value that is completely out of proportion
to what would be sensible. Basically Up to Eleven
taken, well, Up to Eleven
In comedy genres, many Thing 'o Meters
(like Pun 'o-meter or annoying 'o-Meter, or the ever-popular Weird Shit 'o-Meter
) will most likely tend to go off-scale or even explode.
It should probably be noted that, as the Real Life Examples below indicate, in Real Life, it's seldom as easy as just "recalibrating". At a certain point, any measuring device will eventually reach the limit of what it was designed to measure.
Seen in almost every Space Opera
If you're using a chart, Off The Chart
will be the case, too.
A Super Trope
to Readings Blew Up the Scale
When this is applied to reviews, it's Broke The Rating Scale
open/close all folders
Anime and Manga
- Lampshaded in an issue of Fantastic Four:
Power is right off the readouts... Human Torch:
So I'm guessing bigger readouts wouldn't help? Like that amp in Spinal Tap
that goes Up to Eleven
- In Cable And Deadpool issue #15, Black Box has Deadpool hooked up to some equipment that's monitoring him and showing Black Box his thoughts. After some observation, Black Box notes that Deadpool's ferocity and skills are off the charts.
Black Box: Clowns. He is too funny. But his ferocity—his skills—are off the charts. I should know...I've charted them all.
- Semi-lampshaded in an issue of First Comics' Humongous Mecha series Dynamo Joe:
Pomru: The readings are off the scale! If we get outta this we're gonna need a bigger scale!
- In Das Boot, when everything is going to hell and the submarine is stuck on the ocean floor, the depth gauge is far past its last marking (220 meters). 220 meters is already way past the point where the navy originally expected the hull to be crushed and destroyed. The manufacturer's warranty extended only to 90 meters.
- Implied in Ghostbusters. The PKE meter (handheld device used to measure ghost activity) seems to only have three readings: "Zero," "Pegged," and "Blown Up." When we see it used, it only seems to go "active" when a ghost is within visual range, so it's only slightly better than, say, looking.
- The RPG explains this by saying that incidents with a reading of, say, three on the PKE meter are so easy to deal with (and therefore boring) that it's not worth depicting or roleplaying them. Of course, that's not Canon.
- The 2009 video game shows the PKE meter in better detail. The "antenna" on the meter rise higher the closer the meter is to a spectral entity, regardless of power. The bars in the middle are kind of a "hot-cold" mechanic for pinpointing a hidden ghost or cursed object. There's more to it than that, as Ray and Egon both comment on the readings, noting things that are non-obvious, but for the rookie Ghostbuster (that's you), it's just a ghost locator.
- The Fifth Element: Temperature probes sent to absolute evil jam, one at a million degrees, the other at minus 5000. A bit later, Leeloo's DNA is described as having hundreds of different bases.
- The "minus 5000" part is more than just "off the charts", it's actually impossible in our universe (the lower possible temperature is absolute zero, or −273.15 °C, or −459.67 °F). Then again, we have no idea where the "absolute evil" came from.
- In The Phantom Menace, Anakin Skywalker's midi-chlorian level is said to be "off the charts" and "over twenty thousand." It's not entirely clear whether this means that they could only measure them up to twenty thousand, or that a little over twenty thousand was the actual count but unprecedentedly high, even Master Yoda doesn't have that much.
- Midway through Forbidden Planet, we are shown a power gauge consisting of a (very large) number of lighted displays, each of which shows ten times the amperage of the previous one. (Think of it as a decimal display with a whole lotta digits.) What the protagonists consider a large power output barely registers as a blip on the first gauge. Naturally, by the end of the film, we see the whole panel lit up (and flashing!).
- The energy readings of the reactor in Antarctica are off the scale to Nite Owl's Owlship in Watchmen.
- Whiteout has a particularly ridiculous example, where someone says that the radar went off the charts. Given that radar isn't actually used to measure anything, how it can go "off the charts" is a mystery.
- The 2009 Star Trek film uses it twice, most bizarrely for James Kirk's attribute tests (there's no way to score very high scorers?). Either that or "Off the charts" is used as Federation slang for "Really friggin' high": a fact which would explain an awful lot.
- Inverted in the Soviet sci-fi film Moscow — Cassiopeia, where an accident (a guy sitting on a console) results in their relativistic ship accelerating beyond the speed of light in just a few seconds. The Captain notes this on the console readout, which shows the rising speed bar. Forgetting the fact that accelerating beyond the speed of light is impossible without some sort of Applied Phlebotinum, there'd be no way for any device to measure translight speeds (although you could still put the numbers on the scale just for the hell of it). The crew passes out and wakes up to find that they have arrived at their destination, while everyone on Earth has aged several decades, which seems to indicate that they did not, in fact, travel faster than light but merely approached the speed of light, causing Time Dilation. Given that the captain is still a teenager, it can be forgiven if he incorrectly gauged the speed.
- Jurassic Park had computers ensuring the park had the number of animals it was supposed to and none had escaped. But the program stopped counting at the expected number,which meant the system didn't know the dinosaurs were breeding.
- Bomba says this in one scene in Epic .
- Despite their phenomenally polymorphic instrumentation and interface, sensors on Star Trek are especially prone to this fatal weakness. This is lampshaded in the Star Trek: New Frontier book Being Human:
Soleta: Readings are off the scale.
McHenry: They're always off the scale. We just have to install bigger scales.
- Funny inversion in Good Omens by Terry Pratchett and Neil Gaiman: The temperature at the evil sigil during the Apocalypse is never measured correctly. The machines put it at either -150 or +350 degrees. Both are correct, 'cuz that's the temperature in Hell.
- The Last Continent in Discworld uses a thaumometer, that measures magical energy. Sure enough, it melts when it detects a magical field of over a million thaums. To be fair, that is a far greater amount than would ever normally be encountered, but they'd accidentally traveled back in time to when a Creator was installing an entire new continent.
- Given the nature of Discworld magic, melting is about the most normal thing one could expect at this point — magic fields encountered in other areas have been known to make coins always land on their edge, cause dragons to appear out of thin air, and tear the fabric of reality.
- And who can forget CMOT Dibbler's "dragon detector"? It's a piece of wood on a metal stick. When the stick was burned through, you'd found your dragon.
- That sounds like a variation on the old weather detecting stone gag - stone is dry: fine weather; stone is wet: rain; stone is white: snow; stone is gone: hurricane.
- Comes up once in The Corellian Trilogy:
C-3PO: -and there are probably temperatures much higher than that, except the detectors are not there any more to tell us.
- Note that said detectors were good up to over 500°.
- In Ender's Game, this is said about Bean's intelligence. He scored near-perfectly on all their aptitude tests (save physical abilities, given his age), but had also included notes in the margins pointing out mistakes the test-makers had made when writing them and making suggestions for improving the tests. The instructors decide that Bean's intellect is so great that their tests cannot accurately measure it, and therefore they can't be sure of his true limits.
- Essentially, he has no upper limit on his intelligence, due to the nature of the genetic engineering he underwent as a fetus (he lacks the normal inhibitors that slow down neural development after infancy, but also the ones which tell his body to stop trying to grow when he reached adult size).
- Occurs in the Lensmen series - but only a very few times. The Lensman Arms Race applies to sensors and recorders there as well as to other systems. When the readings do go off the scale, it's impressive. "Those beams were hot - plenty hot. These recorders go up to five billion and have a factor of safety of ten. Even that wasn't anywhere near enough - everything in the recorder circuits blew."
Live Action TV
- Knight Rider: K.I.T.T. had a top speed that approached 300 mph ... and several times, Michael Knight drove the car that speed (always accomplished through film speed techniques), usually racing to catch a criminal or avert a potentially deadly situation ... such as the time Knight needed to (very quickly) transport a nuclear bomb to a desert location before it exploded. In the example, K.I.T.T. easily outran several state patrol troopers – the first one reported that the car was traveling at speeds "off the clock" and crashed (at blinding speed) through a road block.
- Babylon 5 used off-the-scale readings as shorthand for the equivalent of Wooden Ships and Iron Men spotting a nuclear-powered aircraft carrier. The rest of the time they're just fine as-is.
- In the shortlived sequel series to Babylon 5, Crusade, Captain Gideon subverted the trope the first time it appeared by ordering that the sensors for the Excalibur be recalibrated so that the readings were back on the scale. Given that they are adventuring out on the frontier, they run into that kind of all the freaking time, and he'd like to know if the ship's Wave Motion Gun might actually work on that particular target.
- In the LOST episode "The Incident," Dharma is drilling into the island's electromagnetic pocket. Dr. Chang notes that the Gauss readings are off the scale. (This magnet is known to be strong enough to crash a plane.)
- In Star Trek: "The Corbomite Maneuver," the mass of a starship only one mile across was off the scale, according to Spock. One wonders how he measured the mass of, oh, planets or moons.
- Either the starship had a ludicrously dense hull, or the Enterprise's sensors just weren't designed to measure the mass of anything substantially larger than itself.
- It's more sensible to assume that the mass for a starship a mile across was wildly out of proportion to what it should be for a vessel that size.
- In "Operation: Annihilate!" the meter on Spock's biobed measuring pain drifts straight to the top and stays there. Implying that it simply can't measure any higher.
- Averted in Star Trek: Enterprise, where a device designed to measure the age of metal happily shows a negative number when used on parts from the future, despite few people in that era believing in time travel.
- (Presumably the device can measure the effect the universal background radiation (which changes steadily over time) had on the forging process, or somesuch technobabble.)
- In the Star Trek: The Next Generation episode "Where No One Has Gone Before", the Enterprise is accelerated to a velocity that causes Data to quote this trope.
- In an episode of How Clean is Your House, Aggie tells a smoker that the carbon monoxide levels in her living room were right off the scale.
- The Big Bang Theory's Doctor Sheldon Cooper claims at one point that his IQ "cannot be accurately measured." This is in fact an issue with extremely high IQs. Pretty much all IQ tests produce increasingly unreliable results for results higher than 145-148 due to the fact that there's generally not a large enough sample to normalize them properly.
- In the Doctor Who episode "the Pandorica Opens", River uses some kind instrument to detect that there are "at least ten thousand" warships in orbit above planet earth. When Amy pesters her for a more accurate number, she says that there are too many readings for her detector to measure.
- The number of lifeforms in "Silence in the Library" registers over a million million, before even it gives up trying.
- In "Planet of the Dead", a UNIT scientist named Malcolm explains to the Doctor that he's named a measurement after himself, which he's using to chart the size of the wormhole.note This leads to a large Oh Crap when he realises that the wormhole is growing.
Malcolm: It's the wormhole, Doctor, it's getting bigger! We've gone way past 100 Bernards, I haven't invented a name for that!
- And then, there's the person who tries to scan the value of the Tardis. "Everything". Price tag? "Total sum of all currency insufficient". It's actually explained, too: It creates anything, with no input.
- A comedic version from The Munsters - when Lily was asked what Herman's weight was, she replied "three spins." When asked for clarification, she said that when he stepped on the scale, the needle spun around three times.
- American Restoration: A foot x-ray machine (known to be a big radiation leakage source to begin with) Is brought in to be restored. A radiation specialist is brought in to see if/how badly this one leaks. He turns it on and it leaks more radiation than Chernobyl. His detector doesn't read high enough to properly quantify the extent of the leakage.
- It is worth noting here that the restorers promptly removed the X-Ray tube from the machine and rebuilt it with a simulation which projected a photographic x-ray negative onto a screen instead of using real x-rays.
- There is a build in 3.5e Dungeons & Dragons called Pun-Pun. It starts a [[Mook kobold]] (technically, any reptilian works but its always more fun to use the absolute weakest starting point possible with things like this) and ends with it having all stats set to something that can only be described as "arbitrarily high".
- Basically, it creates a recursive loop of stat buffs. Since it must be a real number, it can technically never be equal to infinity but - in theory - all six base stats (and by extension, almost every other numerical bonus and modifier) can pretty much get as close as possible.
- For those wondering why a Real Life pen-and-paper example fits here: look up "googolplex", imagine trying to write that number once on a character sheet, realize that there are six stats, and that each one can potentially be greater than a googolplex to the power of googolplex.
- In Final Fantasy XII, Ghis's control personnel on-board the Leviathan marvel at the power of the Dusk Shard.
Female Technician: Sixty-eight hundred, sixty-nine hundred, seven thousand! This must be deifacted Nethicite! The count still climbs!
- In Lufia II Rise Of The Sinistrals, when the party steps forward to have their personal energy measures by Lexis's kymograph, Guy's results are five times more than the highest reading Lexis had ever seen, then Selan's are shown to be eight times more, then for Maxim, yes, the Readings Are Off the Scale.
- Homeworld's Nebula missions feature this. However, it is stated that your personnel are working to recalibrate them to compensate.
- Done straight when the Bentusi are first encountered. Made hilarious by the calm way it's stated.
- Also happens in Chrono Trigger, if Robo is in the party during the battle with Lavos' final form. He tries to assess Lavos' power level:
Robo: Power level is... immeasurable. It's completely off the scale!
- Enemy Scan abilities in the Final Fantasy series usually depict boss statistics as a series of "???" readings, indicating how powerful they are compared to regular flunkies. Notably, some games allow you to upgrade the Libra/Scan spells to reveal these readings.
- Their stats aren't actually off the scale, mind you. They often aren't even beyond what is achievable for the player characters given sufficient Level Grinding. (Except HP and MP, which are often above the player characters' limit, which is usually 9999 and 999 respectively. The Big Bad of Final Fantasy III, for instance, has 65000 HP.)
- Final Fantasy X has summons which can deal damage over the damage limit, as well as weapon modifications which allow the player characters themselves to do so (predictably called "Break Damage Limit").
- In World Of Warcraft, monsters and enemy players more than ten levels above yours will have their level displayed as "??" or a skull symbol. They might be +11 to you, or +50. Either way, you probably don't want to mess with them. If you play undead, the first example you'll see will probably be one of the "Welcome Bears", and then your only hope is to Exit, Pursued by a Bear.
- Raidbosses are also level skull. They count as being 3 levels higher than the attacker's current level for purposes of determining hit chance and such.
- World of Warcraft now has an achievement labelled "It's Over Nine Thousand!!!" What is it for, exactly? Why, for getting over 9000 achievement points, of course!
- In Persona 3, Your Mission Control all but freaks out at trying to perceive the Bonus Boss' power.
Fuuka: Her power is unbelievable! Who is she?
Rise: Her power level is insane! Who is she?! Don't tell me you're going to fight her!
- Lampshaded in the Ghostbusters videogame:
Egon: ''These readings are off the charts...now I'll have to make new charts."
- Even more hilarious is the fact that Egon is not astounded, but annoyed. Of course, being the super-brain that he is, he probably just doesn't like having something he can't quantify.
- In Fallout 3, the player has a radiation measuring device. At the end of the game, if the player steps into the highly irradiated control room of the Project Purity building, the meter will get maxed at +100,000 (as in, more than one-hundred-thousand rads) and jiggles. Mercifully, no-one comments on this.
- There is also another area ( The above-ground entrance to Vault 87) that will irradiate you to death — more than 3,000 rads/sec, fatal to the Vault Dweller in zero point three seconds — unless you use console commands to make yourself invincible or max your radiation resistance to 85%, which will reduce the rad levels to a slightly more manageable ~350 rads/sec... in which case you'll live for about two point eight seconds. Running for the locked and permanently unopenable door? Better have a huge pile of Rad-Away that's hotkeyed!
- This is incredibly annoying seeing as how at some point in the game you get paid to have locations marked on your map. In order to get Vault 87 marked you have to run up to it even though you can within five feet of it FROM THE INSIDE OF THE VAULT. The price you get for the mark doesn't justify the means, unless you just want bragging rights. Even more annoying is that Enclave soldiers make it through the impassible door and instant almost instant death radiation and you STILL can't get through that door.
- Paper Mario The Thousand Year Door had the Iron Cleft Bros. with a defense so high it was even in Goombella's book marked as ???. The only thing hard enough to hurt a Iron Cleft is another Iron Cleft.
Goombella: Defense is... UNKNOWN?!? What the heck is wrong with this book?!? It says no known form of attack can damage an Iron Cleft!
- Freespace 2 had a Vasudan sensor officer describing the mass readings of the Sathanas as "Exceeding superdestroyer class".
- In Half Life 2: Episode 1, the Combine are purposely trying to destabilise their Citadel's Dark Energy Core to cause a massive explosion (sacrificing the whole base of operations, and the surrounding city), then use the release of energy to send a message off-world and open up a super-portal from which off-world reinforcements can pour in. When Alyx Vance looks at the Control Room monitor, she claims that the Core Reactor's readings are off the charts.
- Shadowrun from Genesis has this with Walking Bear, a female orc shaman. When people want raw power, they usually hire Winston Mars, a Troll Samurai who can reach incredible amounts of strength (the power charts even states his power as [sic]Incredible! when maxed out). But here's a catch: Orcs have the one of the best Max Body/Strength, second only to Trolls. Also, using cyberware as a shaman will weaken your spells. But if you stop fearing the soul-stripping cyberware then cyber up Walking Bear, you will end almost as strong as Winston Marrs (also cybered, in this comparision). With this, Marrs will have a full power bar and Bear will have a nearly-full ("Massive" power). HOWEVER, there are talismans which increase strength and defense ratios, which are only usable by shamans and were meant to be used to make up for their fragility. That said, after maxing up Walking Bear, give her a Power talisman (you can only have one) and Defense talismans (they stack, up to three). The power readings will still read only as "Massive" instead of "Incredible!", but the bar graph charts for attack/defense will be so high, they will go beyond its limit and actually start a new one to carry its excess. Her defense is so massive that even in a game where you never will be invincible, be due to scratch damage, rolling ones or other overhelming strikes, BULLETS WON'T EVER FAZE HER, and only the strongest mental attacks will scratch her mental gauge.
- In the original "Disgaea" the "Bonus Boss" Baal shows up. Laharl reads his power as "Level 4000" (his literal level out of the maximum possible 9999). By way of comparison, the previous optional boss was 2500. The Final Boss of the story proper is 90.
- In a meta-example, in the third game it is possible to achieve amounts of dealt damage big enough for last digits of the number to go off the screen edge.
- Apparently, in the fourth game, the damage cap seems to be 184 quadrillion (can anything even have so much hp!?). Which means that someone has to have hit MORE than that in order to notice that it capped at that. Thusly, we can assume that someone caused this trope on Disgaea
- Grolla in Rosenkreuzstilette gets a big shock when Iris attacks her with immensely powerful magic, leading her to think of her as not just any girl, but some kind of immensely powerful monster.
Grolla: What in the...!? How did she obtain such powerful magic? Iris, what ARE you!?
Iris: Heheheh. Why, I am myself, of course. I don't expect a commoner to understand my genius.
- In the Guitar Freaks and Drummania series, charts are given a rating from 10 to 99. Guitar Freaks & Drummania V5, the Bonus Boss song "Rock To Infinity", on all instruments' Extreme difficulty, is given a rating of infinity.
- In Mass Effect: "Uh, Commander? I'm getting some strange readings. Really strange. Like, off the damn charts."
- The prologue of Xenogears has a team of Bridge Bunnies yelping about the rising "base code" of a vaguely-defined thing that is attacking their spaceship.
- In Shin Megami Tensei Strange Journey, on first encountering the final boss, the main character's suit can't even translate its appearance into a perceptible form. It requires outside assistance from a near-divine entity before you can see what it looks like.
- In Portal 2, the Announcer claims "nine... nine... nine... nine..." days have passed since the first game. What the actual amount of time is is open to speculation.
- Technically, that's the number of days since you were last awakened earlier in the game. But still, at least that much time has elapsed since the first game.
- In the original Portal GLaDOS mentions that "Aperture technologies remain safely operational up to 4000 degrees kelvin." (It is implied that Aperture test subjects do not.) Such a temperature is far off the scale of household and most industrial thermometers.
- Proved by the fact the companion cube is only slightly charred after you threw it.
- To put how hot this is into perspective, consider that the surface of the Sun is just over 5778 K.
- Fate/stay night has Gilgamesh´s sword, Ea, a rank EX Noble Phantasm with the ability to destroy reality and slice the world in 2 (the scale goes from E- to A++ for anything but the most ridiculous Noble Phantasms). Fully charged, it does 5000 units of damage (Excalibur by comparison does 200) though the amount can be multiplied several times by powering it with Gil´s own mana and that of the weapons in the Gate of Babylon. It can somehow be stopped by Avalon.
- Given Avalon was famous in Arthurian stories as stopping the wearer from being ever being hurt, and granting them pretty-much-immortality, this isn't as out there as it seems. In fact, Rin chides Shirou over forgetting that Excalibur was far, far less important to Arthur than the sheathe.
- Asura's Wrath has the Gohma measured in Impurity levels, but one in particular stands out. Gohma Vlitra Impurity Level: IMMEASURABLE.
- In the Shining Force series, any stat that is over 100 is shown as ??.
- In Mega Man X4, when Cyber Peacock tries to analyze X, he comes up with the following gem:
"His potential... is limitless?! ...not possible."
- In Star Craft, there exists a rating scale on how powerful a "psionic" (psychic) is. It goes to Class 10 as an exceptionally powerful psionic who is practically a One-Man Army. Infested Kerrigan's rating on that scale? Class 12! Eventually this is clarified that she is an order of magnitude greater than a Class 10, which they called "Class 12" for convenience. After gaining her "Primal" form in Star Craft II: Heart of the Swarm, she is even more powerful, and is described simply as "Unclassifiable".
- ''Legend of Grey Moon" has a stats screen at the end of the game, listing time, deaths, gems (out of 16) and secrets (out of 11). However, these maxima are misleading and there are actually more; at 100% Completion, the stats screen will tell you that you have 17/16 gems and 28/11 secrets.
- In Carmageddon 2 all the cars have a five-segment "strength" rating that tells you, generally speaking, how much they can hurt your opponents. The impractically huge and ridiculously heavy dump truck gets a rating of eighty out of five.
- The Penguins Of Madagascar: when Kowalski mentions that readings of spectral activity are off the charts, Skipper suggests getting bigger charts.
- Egon in The Real Ghostbusters likewise has a habit of getting PKE readings that are off the scale, to the point that The Penguins of Madagascar might've been referencing him. Nobody ever suggests getting a bigger scale, but he does have to get a new PKE meter every now and then, when trying to measure an especially powerful entity (generally 9 or higher) leads to Explosive Instrumentation.
- This trope was the justification for the equipment upgrade in Extreme Ghostbusters. The series averted it as often as it played it straight though. There were many times where they found a ghost that was a perfectly measurable classification (especially in The Teaser) and other times where a creature was literally off the scale because they weren't ectoplasmic entities or have psycho-kinetic energy at all, and thus couldn't be measured by the PKE meter.
- Parodied in Outer Space Astronauts. "These readings are off the chart!" "Well, they're on the chart; they're just, near the top."
- The Simpsons: Professor Frink's sarcasm detector.
Frink: ...this baby is off the charts, mm-hay!
Comic Book Guy: Ooh, a sarcasm detector! That's a real useful invention.
(sarcasm detector explodes)
- In an episode of Mad, this was parodied in a segment called, Grey's In Anime. And that's not the beginning.
- An episode of Star Trek The Animated Series had Spock caution his team against drinking some water they found because his tricorder said "the water is too pure", which is an awfully odd reading to have listed on a tricorder.
- Meaning that the water couldn't possibly be in that state in nature, which means either it's being artificially produced, or is contaminated in a way that they can't detect. So caution is warranted.
- Parodied in Kids Next Door, during a parody of Dragon Ball Z:
"Their power levels are off the charts! I'm gonna have to get some bigger charts!"
- The very first flight of the Ariane 5 launcher resulted in a big ball of fire, because the reading coming from a speedometer went off the chart. More precisely, the reading was to be converted from a 64-bit floating point value to 16-bit signed integer value, but was too large for the latter format. It was arguably the most expensive bug in history.
- The Apollo 13 incident began on the ground, when one of the oxygen tanks that would later go into space with the service module was having a mechanical problem due to the tanks getting dropped during a move between spacecraft. The liquid oxygen drain was jarred and unusable.. The technicians decided to vent the liquid oxygen from the tank with the help of the onboard heating system. This caused the temperature gauge (which was designed for use in space after all) to go off-scale high. However, nobody knew at the time just how far off the scale things were. The results are well-known.
- Specifically, (looking at the Wikipedia article) the temp gauge didn't go above 100 degrees Fahrenheit (38 degrees C). This wasn't considered a problem, because a thermostat was supposed to cut the heat at 80 degrees F. Unfortunately, this had fused on because when the electrical system was redesigned from 28v to 65v, the thermostat wasn't. The result was that temperatures hit an estimated 1000 degrees F (538 Degrees C) and burned the insulation off the wires.
- Which lead to an exposed, sparking wire inside a tank of pressurized oxygen. Which then exploded.
- Radiation monitoring instruments are prone to this sort of problem, especially those instruments used for health and safety physics.
- Following the 1961 power excursion in the SL-1 nuclear reactor and the subsequent steam explosion within and meltdown of the reactor, the first team to check out the alarm discovered their radiation detectors pegged at maximum. The second team, which went in with higher-range radiation detectors, also had their detectors peg at maximum. When the bodies of those killed in the explosion were recovered, the bodies alone pegged these high-range meters.
- When the Chernobyl reactor exploded, a dosimeter capable of measuring the true radiation levels failed when it was tried. Every other dosimeter merely read "off-scale," leading the crew to assume that the steam explosion hadn't penetrated the reactor (ignoring the pieces of reactor fuel lying everywhere). In reality, some areas of the plant had radiation levels 5,600 times the range of the dosimeters. And when a new dosimeter with a larger range was brought in the high readings convinced them it was defective.
- A disturbing example from radiation medicine: the radiation monitoring devices in some malfunctioning radiation therapy devices (Therac-25 machines) experienced saturation when they (and patients) were incorrectly exposed to extremely high current electron beams. One patient, after one of these treatments, reported a sizzling sound, as of something frying, that turned out to be these saturated radiation monitors. Of course, the patient didn't necessarily know that at the time.
- Scarily, certain types of radiation detectors, if they are energized while in a strong radiation field, will actually read zero instead of pegging. Of course, don't expect any plot points to hinge on this.
- In Real Life, a sensor being off-scale may mean the sensor or its wiring has failed. Whether it fails off-scale low or off-scale high depends on the type of sensor and on the kind of damage. On the Space Shuttle Columbia accident, several sensors on the left wing (most of them being left over from early tests from when it was the first space shuttle) registered off-scale readings. By observing the relative timing of the sensor failures and knowing the layout of the wiring within the wing, the investigators were able to determine the path of the damage.
- The driver of a BMW Mini was once issued a speeding ticket...for going 3000 km/hr. The radar had malfunctioned.
- It still means often enough that the number it's reading is higher than the highest number, or less commonly, lower than the lowest number the sensor is equipped to display or read. Scales and electronic balances (weight/mass), for example, have this problem often.
- During the late 1970s through early 1990s, most car and light truck speedometers had a top speed of 85 mph, due to government regulations (and definitions of sports car vs. passenger car). Despite this, almost all cars were capable of traveling well in excess of the highest speed ... "burying the speedometer" in the process. (Prior to this, speedometers often could read speeds anywhere from 100 to 120 mph, depending on the year and manufacturer.)
- The maximum reading on a speedometer varies per country, although in some countries the top speed on the dial may be generous. For instance, a car in the United Kingdom might have a dial with a top speed of 140 kph, but the car struggles to reach 100 kph.
- Prior to the 1990s, most speedometers "rolled over" once hitting 99,999.9 miles, resetting to "zero" (even though there are 100,000 miles on the car). Prior to the advent of electronic odometers, these devices used reels, with numerals printed on them in order from 0 through 9; the first five had a black background color with white numerals (representing ones through ten thousands) and the sixth digit was printed in black on a white background (to represent tenths of a mile). Some vehicles used in foreign countries that use the metric system "roll over" at 99,999.9 kilometers. Electronic digital odometers often will record up to 999,999 (either miles or kilometers, depending on the vehicle's setting) before resetting at zero.*
- The trip odometer, both the printed reel and electronic types, work on this same principle, although they typically reset to 0 after 999.9 miles/kilometers.
- Used to be, a candid "No, officer, I don't know how fast I was going; the speedometer doesn't go that high" could get you out of a ticket if the officer was having a good day. Suffice it to say, Don't Try This at Home.
- This is exactly why the depth gauge in Das Boot, as mentioned above, only went so high. If it went higher, SOMEBODY would try to beat it. While going faster than your car can safely handle on the road is not so smart, in a submarine it can be positively lethal: hello, "crush depth". As it sounds like, that's the depth at which the sub's builders expect a catastrophic hull failure, followed promptly by the tremendous pressures of being far underwater crushing the sub and everything in it. Pegging the meter on your depth counter usually means you'll be staying below for the rest of your life—which, if you're lucky, won't be very long at all.
- During World War II, submarines often went below their rated crush depth in desperate attempts to evade enemy destroyers. Sometimes they survived, sometimes they didn't. This was because the crush depth rating was an estimate; submarines were too expensive to actually send one down as far as possible to see what depth would crush it. The same is even more true with modern submarines, but computer modeling allows for much more accurate estimates.
- Airspeed indicators usually go a bit higher than Vne, or Velocity to Never Exceed, aka "and then the wings rip off". Is that a subversion?
- Might be more of a "Desperate Times Require Desperate Measures" type thing.
- Subverted in mathematics, where the most commonly used probability distribution (and thus probably the closest thing in pure math to the kind of things this trope covers) achieves a positive value for all finite arguments. So if you have something that's, say, 18 standard deviations from the norm all the usual data finding techniques technically still apply to it (obviously, the possibility of it being an outlier would mean that the Readings Are Off the Scale in Real Life, but I digress...).
- For example, the book "Littlewood's Miscellany" points out that you can use actuarial charts to give a probability of living to be 1000 - it's just really small (something like 1 in 10^10^20).
- Actually it is played horribly straight, and this trope is truth in general for any theory, including ZFC (the standard Set theory that is used to build Maths). For instance, the very existence of a "Set that contains all existing Sets" would lead into a contradiction, and therefore can't exist. This means that such an object is off the scale for ZFC, and thus off the scale for standard mathematics too. Some alternative foundation theories, such as NBG, will be able to describe "Proper Classes of all Sets", but in the end, due to Gödel's incompleteness theorem, any theory either is incapable of having arithmetic built on it, or has ridiculous large amounts of things that are off the scale.
- To be clear, the "Set of All Sets" leads to a contradiction because it would contain its powerset (the set of all its subsets), because by definition it has ALL sets, and this contradicts Cantor's theorem. Another possible example of a contradictory "set" is "The Set of All Sets not members of themselves", which is a member of itself if and only if it is not a member of itself — called "Russell's paradox".
- Although normal distribution never gets to zero, it does decrease super-exponentially, so it's quite feasible for it to go so low that whatever you're using to calculate it can't tell it's not zero. For example, R can't tell it's nonzero if it's 38 standard deviations from the mean. The probability is less than 1 in 10^300.
- In contrast, Graham's Number cannot be expressed with any standard form of mathematical notation, including stacks of exponents (x ^ y ^ z...) and even taxes Knuth's up-arrow notation.
- On Fundies Say the Darndest Things, an overly ironic statement is said to have "busted my irony meter".
- Because of limited government data regarding air quality in Beijing, residents will often turn to the US Embassy, who use the AQI, a number between 1 and 500 calculated from a variety of indicators, where 1-50 is "good," 201-300 is "very unhealthy," and 301-500 is "hazardous"... until one day in 2010, the formula gave them a number over 500. The programmers of the automated report hadn't taken such a possibility seriously, and thus came the quickly viral report by the embassy that the air quality in Beijing was "crazy bad" before being corrected to a more sterile, yet still absurd, "beyond index." Article here.
- In early 2013, values were measured of over 700. The WHO safe amount is 25. Even more stunning, one article shows people still strolling around and flying a kite.
- One of the big differences between analog and digital recordings (for both audio and video) is that the "scale" for digital recordings is very tightly defined — an over-the-top analog signal has a chance of degrading gracefully at the top of the range (sort of like how the traditional distorted-guitar sound is created using tubes). However, most of the time a digital signal simply can't go any higher because of the way the data is structured; in a case like that, a sound might make a loud popping or scraping noise, while a digital image will simply flood with white and lose all detail. (Some digital cameras and camcorders have features like "zebra effects" and histograms that show where an image overloads; this is also a pretty standard feature in photo editing programs like Adobe Photoshop.) In extreme cases, the only solution is to filter or attenuate the input before it ever reaches the analog-digital converter, usually with something like a lens filter or mic windscreen.
- A lot of music is currently mastered to exploit the limitations of digital audio by boosting quieter parts of the signal to maximum level, thereby creating the perception that the sound is louder than it really is. See Loudness War for details.
- One of the hottest peppers is the Bhut Jalokia, which reaches 1,000,000 on the Scoville scale. Still, there are four peppers that come in above 855,000 on the Scoville scale: Naga Viper pepper, Infinity Chilli, Bhut Jolokia chili pepper, Trinidad Scorpion Butch T pepper (at this time, the worlds hottest).* At that level, trying to tell them apart by personal observation is a distinction without a difference.
- For most people, anything with a value over 100,000 (about what a "mild" habanero is) is hard to distinguish. Anything close to 1,000,000 will ensure that your tongue and throat won't be feeling or tasting things right for a week.
- Scoville scale ends at 16 million (pure capsaicin). Resiniferatoxin (common milk weed, that plant that produces the bad smelling white sap) gives readings off the scale as in pure form it produces heat of 16 billion Scoville units.
- The owner of Benedict Cumberbatch's fan site decided to hold a donation drive for the Teenage Cancer Trust in honor of his birthday, expecting to raise about $1,000. Word spread like wildfire and his fans literally managed to raise over $9000 within SIX WEEKS. On the donation page, the scale took forever to finish calculating how much they were over their goal.
- A googolplex is equal to 10^10^100 which is greater than the number of estimated Plank spaces (the smallest bit of area possible) in the known universe. Writing it out in standard form (1,000,000,000,000...) would be impossible, no matter what scale because there isn't enough space in the universe to record such a large number. In other words, it's a number that is Off The Universe's Scales!
- When André the Giant went in for back surgery, the anaesthesiologist had no idea how much gas to give him, as the hospital's charts for such simply didn't have entries for men of Andre's height and weight. They had to invent a new method based on his alcohol consumption in order to determine the proper dosage.
- The Israeli airforce had the negative (not opposite) of this problem, losing a couple of fighter jets before working out what the matter was. The Dead Sea is 423 metres below sea level, and planes doing low level flying would register on the computer as below sea level, a fact that understandably freaked the computers on board, which would try and 'save' the plane, with fatal consequences.
- When your computer is doing floating-point math and comes up with a number too large to keep track of, it calls the number "infinity", the same result as if you divide by zero.
- When the UNIVAC I mainframe computer predicted that Dwight Eisenhower would win the 1951 U.S. presidential elections, the teletype printout read "THE CHANCES ARE NOW 00 TO 1 IN FAVOR OF THE ELECTION OF EISENHOWER." This resulted from UNIVAC's programmers believing that a 3-digit number system wasn't needed.