In the Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha fanfic Infinity, Lindy spends most of chapter 25 getting smacked around by Precia. Near the end, she reveals that she's been sealing Precia's magic the whole time, and electrocutes her with all the magic Precia used during the fight.
Around the climax of My Little Avengers, this happens twice. First, when it appears as though the villains have won, Trixie attempts to betray Loki, only for him to turn her own magic back on her. She survives and escapes, but is left horribly scarred. Later, during Loki and Thor's Final Battle, Loki pulls an I Surrender, Suckers, but Thor anticipates it and redirects Loki's own Soul Seal spell back on him, killing him.
In Winter War, the Barragan Fragment's power to age things to dust extends to its blood. The fight is going badly when Isane guesses that it might be vulnerable to its own power. At her suggestion, Ukitake and Soi Fong put its blood on their swords before attacking again. Luckily for them, it works.
In Adventure Time fanfic, Alex, the titular antagonist provokes her opponent, Marceline, to spit at her coat, the same way she spitted at Princess Bubblegum's jacket at "What Was Missing". When she does it, the Witch uses a magic spell to put it at her gray top instead. Much after that, she has Finn and some wolves attacking her, the same way she did it to the former in "Go With Me".
Happens to a nameless griffon Mook in Ace Combat The Equestrian War. When he tries to bomb Stalliongrad, the pegasi manage to send the bomb he drops back at him, coupled with Derpy knocking the soldier toward the incoming bomb that went off.
In Nerve Damage, after Shirou breaks the Heaven's Feel, Zouken forces Sakura to summon another servant besides Rider, even over her desperate desire not to fight Shirou. Cue her summoning an Assassin with just the power set to kill him off for real while leaving Sakura alive, who disdains the Grail and all who seek it as blasphemers, and who sees Zouken as just the type of monster she was designed to fight.
Time Lords and Terror: Hydia, who spent the whole story trying to release the S'Muz, ends up being its first victim. Also, the SíMuz itself is defeated when the ponies use their Elements of Harmony to absorb both the PKE it stole and the PKE that makes up its body and disperse it into Equestria.
Queen of All Oni: Jade has Verde construct her an enchanted dog carrier to contain the Oni-masked Scruffy while speaking with the Bat-General; Tohru later uses this dog carrier to capture her (her minions save her, however). On top of that, Tohru reverse-engineers the magic involved to create sutra scrolls capable to restraining Oni.
Later, when Lung, Daolon Wong's former apprentice, captures Jade and tries to bind her and thus her Shadowkhan to his will (which also counts as a Critical Research Failure, since Ikazuki's curse only allows her to summon Left and Right), his defenses are no match for her servants and he is Killed Off for Real for torturing Jade and nearly killing her. No tears were shed.
During the fiance arc of A Growing Affection, Hinata's grandfather Hyouta uses the Hyuga Clan's laws and traditions to try to break up Naruto and Hinata. When he thinks he has won, he says the wrong thing, and those same laws get turned on him. The result is Hyouta getting curb-stomped by Naruto, and then losing his power and status.
Several villains in Children Of Time. Notably Dalek Caan and Colonel Marshall in "The Manhattan Conspiracy"... Caan wants to study a Time Lord's regenerative use of the Time Vortex? Give 'im the Time Vortex, then... And Marshall is quite taken with the power of the atomic bomb — the two Time Lords of the story plan accordingly.
She also gets a double dose because her plan of merging with every version of Nightmare Purgatory the moment of their birth results in all the alternate Nightmare Eclipses being linked to her, so her defeat ends up taking all of them with her.
Earlier in Dark World, Rancor showed awareness of this trope and avoided it as best she could, refusing to use her Concept Killing Spear in battle with the Elements of Harmony, and later destroys it after using it to steal Destruction's power from Discord, so no one can ever use it against her. That said, her insistence on fighting Dark World!Spike backfires when he figures out how to get around her immunity to violence to actually hurt her.
In Seven Little Killers, Canada has been dumping the bodies of the people America allows to be killed in the river. Unfortunately for him, he turns out to be one of the people America decides to let die. Guess where he winds up drowning?