Series: House of Cards (US)

Welcome to Washington...

[approaching an injured dog] There are two kinds of pain. The sort of pain that makes you strong, or useless pain. The sort of pain that's only suffering. I have no patience for useless things. [Kills the dog]
Francis "Frank" Underwood, opening monologue

House of Cards is the U.S. remake of the UK series House of Cards. It marks the first step in Netflix's next stage of original programming; its pilot was directed by David Fincher.

After a successful election campaign, the Democratic Party is swept back into The White House, with significant help from chief whip Frank Underwood (Kevin Spacey). However, though the president-elect Garrett Walker had promised to appoint Underwood as Secretary of State during the campaign, he reneges, obstensibly needing Underwood more as party whip in the House of Representatives. Insulted at the duplicity, and upset that he failed to even see the betrayal coming, Frank privately forswears any loyalty to the president or the party. Aided by his loyal wife, Claire; his chief aide, Doug Stamper; young Intrepid Reporter, Zoe Barnes; and a host of unwitting pawns, Underwood begins a chess game of immense political importance. Taking revenge on those who wronged him, Underwood also positions himself to grab more power than he had ever previously planned.

House of Cards provides examples of the following tropes:

  • Accidental Misnaming: Everyone except Raymund Tusk, who speaks Chinese and has done business in China for years, pronounces Xander Feng's name as "Fang" instead of the proper "Fung", as in feng Shui.
  • Adaptation Expansion: The British original takes four hours to bring Urquhart from Chief Whip to ruler of his country. The American remake takes thirteen 50-minute episodes (just short of 11 straight hours) just to get Frank from majority whip to being tapped as the new Vice President, and another thirteen to take him to the Presidency.
  • Adaptation Name Change: While some roles from the British original are altered or merged, others are lifted more or less directly, although their names are different in any case.
    • Francis and Elizabeth Urquhart becomes Francis "Frank" and Claire Underwood. This rather fits them being Southerners: any Southern man named Francis would insist on being called "Frank," while a British aristocrat would faint at the idea; while Elizabeth is a perfectly acceptable name for a Southern Belle, Claire is even better.
    • Tim Stamper becomes Doug Stamper.
    • Mattie Storin becomes Zoe Barnes.
    • John Krajewski becomes Lucas Goodwin.
    • Roger O'Neill becomes Peter Russo.
    • In the case of the black Penny Guy, it is combined with a Race Lift, as she becomes the white Christina Gallagher.
    • Commander Corder becomes Edward Meechum.
    • Sarah Harding becomes Jackie Sharp.
  • Alternate History:
    • It is implied that a Republican won the presidential election in 2008 before losing to Walker in 2012. The details are kind of shaky, as no Real Life American President after Bill Clinton is ever mentioned by name. In the first episode, the screens in the background clearly refer to celebrating Walker's inauguration as the 45th President of the United States, indicating that at that point there had been three presidents since January 20, 2001, rather than two. It's clear that one of the two presidents between Clinton and Walker was a two-term president and the other was a one-term president, although it's not clear whether the one-term guy or the two-term guy came first. The WMG page has many suggestions about who the two presidents between the end of Clinton's term and the start of Walker's term in the House Of Cardsverse may have been.
    • One of the major parts of Peter Russo's arc is the closure of the Philadelphia Naval Shipyard. In reality, the Navy Yard was closed in 1995 and transferred in 2000 to the City of Philadelphia, which has redeveloped it into a mixed-use development with an industrial park and private commercial shipyard. By actual 2013, the only news involving the Navy Yard was that Jefferson University Hospital was expanding its operations at its branch there, and SEPTA was kinda-sorta still considering extending the Broad Street Line there.
    • At the beginning of the series Frank is the Majority Whip in the House of Representative. Since Frank is a Democrat, this indicates that they did not lose control of the House in 2010.
  • Aluminum Christmas Trees: It is mentioned that Heather Dunbar's family owns an armored car service. There is an actual armored car service called Dunbar Armored Inc.
  • Ambition Is Evil: Certainly the Frank Underwood way to power is ruthless.
  • Anachronic Order: Chapter 33 skips around between several different points between the end of Chapter 32 and about a month later.
  • And Then What?: Played with as a sort of driving question throughout Season 3. Frank's rise to power has proven nothing short of magnificent...but the question is, now that he's reached the top — how can he maintain his power?
  • Arc Words: "Chose Power over Money." Several variants show up in Season 1, and a few less explicit examples show up in Season 2.
  • Artistic License - Politics: There are quite a lot of artistic licenses taken with politics. For instance:
    • Early in Season 3, we see the Democratic congressional leadership meeting with Frank to tell him that they do not want him to run for reelection and that they will be backing someone else, whom they will choose later. This is a form of presidential nomination that went out of style in the 1820s. In real life, congressional leaders may be influential in these sorts of decisions (evidence does suggest that senators Harry Reid and Ted Kennedy encouraged Barack Obama to run for president in 2008, and their support was crucial influence in his decision to run), but they are just a handful of the hundreds or even thousands of party insiders involved at this stage.
    • The money laundering scheme of season 2 wouldn't happen in real life and probably wouldn't cause controversy.
    • Frank could never appoint Claire as a US Ambassador because in response to the controversy that resulted when John F. Kennedy appointed his brother Bobby Kennedy as Attorney General, the laws were rewritten to prohibit a standing President from appointing a spouse or relative to public office (it's a conflict of interest).
    • In real life, America Works would be quickly labeled as a massive redistribution-of-the-wealth program that benefits just a handful of people. And would probably be as unpopular as Obamacare.
  • Aside Comment: Often used by Frank, a carryover from the original series, as well as the Shakespearean dramas both are inspired by.
  • Author Tract: A major plot arc in Season 1 involves the newly elected Garrett Walker administration trying to pass an education reform bill that receives opposition from teachers' unions. Presumably, the writers were acknowledging how Netflix CEO Reed Hastings is very vocal about his ideas for education reform in the US, and has also met criticism from unions.
  • Back for the Dead:
    • After being arguably the third most important character of Season 1, Zoe Barnes is suddenly killed off in the very first episode of the Season 2.
    • Rachel Posner gets her day in the limelight in the Season 3 finale, showing what her life has been like since escaping from Doug Stamper. He tracks her down and kills her in the same episode.
  • Badass Boast:
    • When the multibillionaire Feng tries to browbeat Frank Underwood with his wealth, Underwood notes that Feng's net worth equals the entire gross domestic product of Slovakia, while Underwood has the world's biggest superpower under his command.
    • Lucas and Gavin have an exchange of boasts:
    Lucas: You think you're a badass because you're on some vigilante anarchist kick? At least I have the balls to put my name on the work I do.
    Gavin: You've never faced 100 years in prison, you self-righteous prick! Most of my friends are in prison, rotting away, because they poked the bear one too many times. Why? Because they wanted to expose government surveillance, the PRISM program, embezzlement, abuse, fucking torture, lies! You're a journalist? Who gives a shit? We're fucking soldiers. It's personal for me now. I don't have a choice, but you still do.
  • Batman Gambit: Most of Frank's schemes involve manipulating people and trusting that they will behave as he expects them to.
  • Bi the Way:
    • Frank has sexual experiences with men and women. Chapter 8 has a meaningful (if completely plastered) conversation with a man he had a romantic relationship with when they were college kids. and it is taken a step beyond Experimented in College with his threeway with his wife and Meechum. In Season 3, he has a very sexually charged conversation, complete with hand-stroking, with his male biographer.
    • Feng as well, possibly. The first time we see him he's engaged in a very kinky sex act with a male and female prostitute.
  • Bodyguard Crush:
    • Steve for Claire Underwood; when she finds out on his deathbed about his crush on her and his jealousy-fueled hatred of Frank, she attempts to give him a pity deathbed handjob (which he refuses) and tells him point blank that he could have had her at any time, as far as revealing that she and Frank had an open relationship.
    • Meechum for the Underwoods. That's right — both of them.
  • Breaking the Fourth Wall: Aside from Frank's constant soliloquy-like conversations with us, there are subtle moments peppered throughout where he looks directly at the camera for a split second, but says nothing. Whenever this happens, Frank is about to do something incredible.
  • Breather Episode: Chapter 8, Frank cavorting with his old friends from the military academy.
  • Burn Baby Burn: Doug does this in Season 3 with a compromising journal page to display his loyalty to Frank.
  • California Doubling:
    • Baltimore doubles for Washington, DC, as well as other locations. Including: the Underwood residence, Zoe Barnes' apartment, Freddy’s BBQ Rib Joint, The Clean Water Initiative building where Claire works, The Washington Herald offices, the Washington Opera House, the Secretary of State's building, Hotel Cotesworth, The Georgetown Hotel, Werner's Bar, Tio Pepe's, the Du Pont Circle Bar, as well as scenes set in other locations, including Peter Russo's campaign rally in Pennsylvania and The Sentinel (military academy)’s Francis J. Underwood Library and Waldron Hall in South Carolina.
    • Most of the interior scenes were shot in a large industrial warehouse in Joppa, Maryland, 17 miles northeast of Baltimore.
    • There was some on-location filming. For example, the filming of a mock Presidential motorcade in season 3.
    • Zoe Barnes's death was shot in Baltimore, due to WMATA not allowing scenes of violence to be filmed in their system.
  • Call Back: In a Season 2 episode, Frank facetiously says that someone might soon start accusing him of strangling dogs. He did in fact kill a dog in the show's very first scene.
  • The Cameo:
    • Rachael Price appears to sing the national anthem when Frank is booked to throw the first pitch at an Orioles game.
    • Several members of real-life dissident group Pussy Riot appear as themselves to chew out an obvious expy of Vladimir Putin.
    • Stephen Colbert appears as his character from the The Colbert Report, interviewing Underwood. Which was a nice treat for viewers given that by the time the episode with this segment was available, Colbert had already ended his run as host of The Colbert Report in real life.
    • Far too many real life reporters to name do brief segments, as themselves, reporting on in-universe news. Notable examples include Rachel Maddow and Sean Hannity.
  • Casting Gag: John Doman, who previously starred as Pope Alexander VI for three seasons in Borgia, returns as a bishop presiding over a military funeral.
  • The Cast Showoff: Kevin Spacey gets to show off his singing abilities in Chapter 8, and again in Chapter 29.
  • Catchphrase: Frank knocking twice on a hard surface is a nonverbal catchphrase.
  • The Chains of Commanding:
    • Frank makes sure the chains of Garrett Walker are as heavy as possible. Eventually, the President begins to crumble under the weight.
    • Frank then suffers this himself in Season 3.
  • Character Development: The general twist of Season 3 is that practically everyone has wised up on the Underwoods.
  • The Chess Master: Frank is a master schemer who combines this and Manipulative Bastard on a daily basis. He also plays or discuss actual chess often and at one point offers to teach the game to his number two.
  • The Chew Toy: Meechum, the Underwoods' bodyguard.
  • Cigarette of Anxiety: The two Underwoods frequently share a cigarette at their window as they mull over their decisions and machinations. They acknowledge the trope, pointing out that there will be plenty of these moments as their plans progress, but the issue is less "anxiety" and more "anticipation".
  • Cold Open: Zig-zagged. Some episodes (including the first one) start like this, but not all.
  • Control Freak: Frank, in Season 3. This trope is nicely deconstructed: The more he tries to stabilizes his situation, the more messed up it becomes.
  • Consummate Liar: Frank Underwood is so good a master manipulator that in the Season 2 finale, he manages to convince President Walker that all his actions came from a sincere desire to protect Walker despite the President finally seeing through his schemes in the previous episode. It works so well that Walker hands Underwood the keys to the kingdom by the episode's end.
  • Corrupt Corporate Executive:
    • Raymond Tusk is a billionaire who engages in political corruption to further his financial interests.
    • When Frank meets SanCorp CEO Scott Cunningham, Cunningham implies he's lied to grand juries in the past
  • Could Say It But: "You may very well think that. I couldn't possibly comment."
  • Country Matters: Using this word in reference to Zoe gets Hammerschmidt fired.
  • Demoted to Extra:
    • Christina has a fairly prominent role as Russo's girlfriend/assistant in the Season 1. In Season 2, she's kept around by becoming the Chief of Staff's assistant, but with no real arc besides Claire briefly using her to manipulate the First Lady. After the Chief of Staff resigns, Christina never shows up again.
    • Meechum, who has a subplot in Season 2, is largely reduced to silently escorting people around in Season 3.
  • Diabolus Ex Machina: In Chapter 34, a massive hurricane is about to hit the East Coast, but FEMA doesn't have the funds to handle the emergency services needed, due in part because Frank used those funds to get America Works off the ground. The Senate offers Frank a bill to appropriate $10 billion in funds, but on the condition America Works is cut. As the storm gets closer and everyone, including governers, both parties, and the media, urges Frank to sign the bill before the storm hits. Frank finally does so, but the storm doesn't make landfall, and it's too late to take back the bill. Just like that, America Works is gone, all those people are out of work, and Frank is forced to change his plans.
  • Double Entendre: When Zoe wants to break off her sexual relationship with Frank — then sends him a text-message asking to see him (on the eve of an important House vote) — Frank has this exchange with his wife:
    Claire: Going somewhere?
    Frank: Just for an hour or two. I've got one last holdout to whip.
  • The Dog Bites Back: All Jackie asks of Frank is for him to treat her as a part of the team. Instead, he launches into a tirade about how there is no equality between them and that she should just take what he dishes out. And this is after Frank publicly makes a fool of her and her family on a public debate. Sure enough, Jackie retaliates by publicly endorsing Frank's primary rival.
  • Dramatic Irony: Hammerschmidt, on behalf of Lucas, asks Frank if he had a hand in the deaths of Russo and Zoe. Frank waves away the accusations by asking if Hammerschmidt is going to accuse him of strangling dogs. This is callback to the very first scene of the show, where Frank does in fact kill a dog.
  • Driven to Suicide: In Season 3, an American gay rights activist imprisoned in Moscow kills himself instead of reading a statement on Russian TV denouncing homosexuals, as doing so would only secure his freedom, not the freedom of the Russian activists arrested with him.
  • Enemy Mine: In Season 3 the Democrat and Republican leaders in Congress team up together to oppose the America Works program and Frank's misappropriation of FEMA's budget.
  • Establishing Character Moment
    • Frank is introduced while euthanizing a mortally wounded dog, and explaining to us that its suffering is pointless. This establishes him as someone who is not completely without pity, but who approaches morality in a ruthlessly practical way.
    • When Frank apologizes to Claire for losing the Secretary of State nomination, she responds, "My husband doesn't apologize. Even to me." Paging Lady Macbeth!
  • Everybody Smokes: Not quite "everybody," but at least half the main cast has been seen lighting up.
  • Even Evil Has Standards: Frank is perfectly content in lying, intimidating, manipulating and murdering to further his own interests, but he despises rapists. This is especially evident in Season 2 when it is revealed a General he is due to present a medal to raped Claire when she was in college.
    Frank Underwood: "He doesn't deserve a medal, he deserves to be taken outside and shot!".
  • Evil Chancellor: Frank is both a Treacherous Advisor and a False Friend to Walker.
  • Face of an Angel, Mind of a Demon: Claire Underwoood is a beautiful and charming woman, but is just as ruthless as Frank.
  • Fake Nationality: The Danish actor Lars Mikkelsen plays Russian President Viktor Petrov in Season 3.
  • False Flag Operation:
    • During the teachers strike, Stamper throws a brick through the Underwood's window so Francis can use it as a means of showing that the teachers are getting out of hand.
    • In Season 3, it is heavily implied the terrorist attack that killed 8 Russian soldiers in the Jordan Valley was staged by the Russian government itself.
  • Fanservice:
    • Rachel is frequently shown walking around in her underwear when she's alone.
    • The bed scenes between Kate Baldwin and Thomas Yates in Season 3.
  • Fiction500: Heather Dunbar's family owns the real life Dunbar Armored, Inc. (an actual armored car service), and her estate is so large she is able to fund her presidential campaign without the need of Super PAC money.
  • Fictional Counterpart
    • Underwood's alma mater, The Sentinel, is a stand-in for The Citadel. He even mentions "his education at The Citadel" in a later episode.
    • The Washington Herald seems to at least have the same position as The Washington Post.
      • Interestingly, there was a real-life paper called The Washington Herald that operated from 1906 to 1939, when it was merged with fellow paper The Washington Times. The paper was then published as The Washington Times-Herald until 1954, when it was taken over by The Washington Post.
    • The Wall Street Telegraph serves as a counterpart to The Wall Street Journal.
    • NY Examiner, the tabloid that leaks details of Claire's relationship with Adam Galloway is an obvious expy of the New York Post.
  • Flat "What.": Jackie's pillow talk took a sharp turn.
    Remey: You like when it hurts?
    Jackie: I killed a lot of people.
    [Beat]
    Remey: What.
  • Foreshadowing:
    • The death of Frank's ancestor in battle (killed in the woods, in the dark, with a rock) mirrors Stamper's debilitating injury at the end of Season 2.
    • Zoe Barnes's death in Chapter 14 by getting shoved in front of a Washington Metro train was foreshadowed from the very beginning of Chapter 1. Or more specifically, the way in which she dies is foreshadowednote . As Cracked points out here:
      • In Chapter 1, Zoe works for ''The Washington Herald'''s metropolitan pages, a job she says is "killing her." "Metro", the name of Washington's transit system, is the shorthand version of "Metropolitan".
      • In Chapter 2, Frank has a covert meeting late at night with Zoe at a Washington Metro stationnote , a rendezvous that ends with Frank telling Zoe not to miss her train.
      • In another episode, Frank says to us, "I don't use people unless I can throw them away afterwards," a telling line considering he's been using Zoe to plant damaging stories about his political rivals and will likely dispose of her when he doesn't find her useful anymore.
      • Early in Chapter 14, the episode where Zoe is killed, Claire asks Frank how he's going to deal with Zoe. He remarks that he's fully prepared. While he's doing that, he's studying a Metro route map.
  • Freud Was Right: invoked Discussed by Frank Underwood to Zoe. He references an Oscar Wilde quote:
    "A great man once said, everything is about sex. Except sex. Sex is about power."
  • Genre Savvy: Donald "you can teach an old liberal new tricks" Blythe gets better at the game after being played for a chump. Eventually, several characters learn from past mistakes and experiences and wise up about how to deal with Frank. Too bad Frank can also read into other's readings to counteract most efforts.
  • Good Is Dumb: Expect any idealistic character in this series to suffer major consequences, and be Too Dumb to Live at the very worst.
  • Gory Discretion Shot:
    • Zoe Barnes' death scene. Well, at least, the act itself. The CCTV footage afterwards, despite being in black and white? Not so much...
    • Rachel/Cassie's death. There's a cut between a moment where she realizes that Doug is coming back for her and the next scene, when he's burying her corpse.
  • Grey and Gray Morality: The show was given the tagline Bad, For a Greater Good in the second season, which sums up the moral ambiguity of the series nicely. Ultimately the number of characters who can be described as wholly good or wholly evil can be counted on one hand - ambition aside, even Frank has his redeeming qualities.
  • Have You Told Anyone Else?:
    • Frank asks this of Zoe Barnes just before killing her.
    • Doug asks this of Gavin when Gavin is blackmailing him over Rachel's existence.
  • Happy Marriage Charade: In Season 3, imprisoned gay rights activist Mark Corrigan reveals to Claire his relationship with his husband has become strained. The only reason they have not divorced is because it would seem hypocritical to their campaign for marriage equality.
    • Frank and Claire begin to verge on this by the end of Season 3.
  • The Heavy: Being a Villain Protagonist, Frank Underwood's machinations drive the plot and most of the subplots.
  • Heel Face Door Slam: Russo really wants to take responsibility for his actions and what he has gotten away with. Unfortunately for him, Frank realizes this could be very bad for his cause, so he murders Russo instead.
  • Heel-Face Turn: In Season 3, Heather Dunbar seems elated when Frank offers her a position on the Supreme Court to replace the outgoing Justice Jacobs. However, the next day she announces her presidential candidacy.
    • It is later revealed she is close friends with Justice Jacobs, and knew Frank would attempt to remove her from the presidential competition by placing her indefinitely on the Supreme Court once Jacobs resigned.
  • Hero Antagonist: The reporters in Season 2. Gavin Orsayalso more or less sees himself this way, or did before getting caught.
  • Hidden Depths: Even the major Villain Protagonists have more going in inside them than simple lust for power.
    • Frank came from a broken home, and his desire for power seems to stem from his drunken father.
    • Claire was raped and has a genuine interest in helping to stop rape from occurring to others. She's also deeply distraught by failing to do right by a rape survivor who reached out to her.
    • Doug Stamper is a recovering alcoholic who has channeled all of his energies into his job after making a mess of his personal life. He has an infatuation with Rachel that is part paternal, part sexual, and part abusive.
  • Honey Trap:
    • Acting on Frank's orders, Rachel sets one for Russo. It works all too well.
    • Lucas pulls an odd inversion when trying to locate Rachel, posing as an undercover cop conducting a prostitution sting in order to blackmail one of her co-workers into offering information about her whereabouts.
  • Hope Spot:
    • There's one for the Underwoods' marriage in Chaper 33. After several highly stressful tension-filled months the two of them reconcile and get back to Gaffney to renew their wedding vows. In the Season 3 finale Claire still decides she's had enough of Frank's increasingly exploitive demeanor and packs her bags.
    • Poor Rachel. She managed to convince Doug, who tracked her down and drove her out into the wilderness to kill and bury her there, that there's nothing further for him to win by murdering her. He proceeds to cut her ropes and lets her go. Then he reconsiders again. Next thing we see are his white van turning around and the last bits of her body getting covered by earth.
  • How's Your Texas Drawl?: A kind of inversion here: although Claire, like her actress Robin Wright, was born in Texas, Wright was raised in Southern California and so does not have a Texas accent. In contrast, Claire is intentionally suppressing her Texas drawl. Thus arguably Claire's accent for the whole series is this trope, with the exception being her earlier recordings (in which Wright probably drew on her parents' accents, but that's another issue).
  • Idiot Ball:
    • In the season 2 premiere, for some reason Zoe keeps Frank apprised of her whole investigation into his shadier dealings, leading to her death. Basically, the smart, savvy character of this series was suddenly turned into the clueless rube that Mattie Storin in the original series was.
    • After managing to wise up Frank's backstabbing nature for awhile, President Garrett Walker grabs a hold of this again with a vengeance in the finale of Season 2 when he decides to trust Frank over Raymond Tusk simply because of a letter Frank wrote to him. The result? Walker revokes his pardon offer to Tusk, Tusk implicates him in the foreign donor scheme, and Walker has to resign from the presidency under threat of impeachment.
    • Frank grabs this in Season 3, when he starts lashing out at the people he actually needs. Jackie Sharp could have clinched Frank the nomination, so instead of treating her like a valued member of the team, he publicly humiliates her and treats her like she's inconsequential and unneeded, basically driving her into Dunbar's arms.
  • If I Can't Have You: Doug Stamper's attitude towards Rachel, as a result of his confused feelings for her. It's the reason he keeps her in isolation, ruins her budding relationship with her roommate Lisa, and is heavily implied to be his motive for eventually murdering her.
  • Ignored Epiphany: Throughout Season 3, Doug's life deteriorates because of his alcoholism, the pain from his near-death injury at the end of Season 2, abandonment by the Underwoods, and most importantly the apparent death of Rachel Posner and his inability to move past her. He's forced to rely on his brother and family for support, and spending time with them makes him realize what his blind devotion to Frank has cost him. Just as he is preparing to fully support Heather Dunbar he learns that Rachel is still alive, and immediately returns to Frank's service as his replacement Chief of Staff. He very dramatically burns the blackmail material he kept on the Underwoods (which he was preparing to sell to Dunbar), hunts down and beats Gavin Orsay to get Rachel's location, and then kidnaps and murders her. On his return to the White House, he calmly tells Frank "No more distractions."
  • Informed Attractiveness: As a rule, when a male character is introduced to Claire, it's a good bet he will call her attractive. Even the president of Russia gets in on it!
  • Informed Judaism: Tusk notes that Ayla Sayyad is Jewish, though this never influences her actions in the plot.
  • Intrepid Reporter
    • Zoe, zig-zagged and then inverted before finally being played straight. Up until that point, all of the stories we see her write are either suburban minutiae or leaks fed to her by Underwood to serve his purposes.
    • Her colleagues Janine and Lucas.
    • Ayla Sayyad in Season 2. She abandons the Underwoods' sex scandal, saying that it's tabloid nonsense, and pursues the harder news story of political corruption. Underwood manages to use this to his advantage.
    • Kate in Season 3. She becomes a constant challenge in the Press Room, and is even willing to make out with Frank's biographer to try and get information.
  • It's All About Me: Everything Frank does, he does it for himself. As the series progresses, this becomes all too obvious to some of his underlings, which causes problems.
  • Just Train Wrong: Zoe Barnes' death scene (shoved in front of a Washington Metro train) has a few inaccuracies. The first is that there is no Metro station in Cathedral Heights, although the Red Line does service the nearby neighborhoods of Tenleytown, Cleveland Park and Woodley Park. The second is the distinct lack of a vaulted ceiling like is present at all inner city Washington Metro stations. Lastly, the train looks nothing like a Washington Metro train. The reason for all this is that, because WMATA doesn't allow scenes with violence to be filmed in their system, the scene had to be shot at Charles Street station in Baltimore's subway.
  • Kick the Dog: Raymond Tusk kills a pet bird with his bare hand to establish that he is, in fact, as horrible as he seems.
  • Know When to Fold 'Em:
    • Zoe's boss Tom Hammerschmidt at The Washington Herald gives an impassioned speech about the nature and importance of print journalism. Then he goes for a drink with the woman who just terminated him.
    • Upon Zoe's death, Janine knows not to fuck around with Underwood anymore despite protests from Lucas. She is determined to get the hell out of Dodge, knowing that she and Lucas have no hard evidence and that they are dealing with forces who will kill people to cover their tracks.
  • Jerkass Has a Point: Frank Underwood is an evil, conniving politician, but he makes a very legitimate point about how repeating allegations makes people believe them.
  • Leaning on the Fourth Wall: In a scene where Frank is taking pictures of Zoe as she strips for him, he asks her to pose, telling her to use "use your imagination." He says it just as Zoe moves out of the frame, making the comment apply to the viewer as well.
  • Leitmotif: At the tail end of Season 2, Raymond Tusk and Frank meet at an opera, and Raymond advises Frank to take in the music, so he can remember how beautiful it was when he is imprisoned. While Frank avoids prison, an operatic theme is introduced in Season 3 at moments of great stress or tension, perhaps hearkening back to Tusk's words.
  • Leno Device: Doug watches Underwood's appearance on The Colbert Report in the first episode, with Stephen Colbert playing himself.
  • Let Me Tell You a Story: To sway the bereaved parents at the memorial service to their dead daughter, Underwood recalls his own experience of losing and regaining faith in God after the death of his father, who suffered a fatal heart attack at the age of 43. But subverted in an aside glance when he reveals that his father was an unremarkable man and that his death meant little to Underwood. He even comments that maybe it was actually for the best he died so relatively young.
  • Lighter and Softer: The US series compared to the UK series. Underwood, although just as dirty and corrupt as Urquhart, is portrayed in a more sympathetic light; Zoe, while just as emotionally scarred as Mattie, is actually a strong person who tries to stand on her own.
  • Literal Metaphor: Underwood asks to be alone in a cathedral, then spits contemptuously on a large clay statue of Jesus. When he goes to wipe the spit off, the statue falls down and shatters. He calls his Secret Service detail to come in and pick it up; as they arrive, he walks off with a bit of the statue, saying, "At least now I have God's ear."
  • Lonely at the Top: Jacqueline Sharp sacrifices one of her only friendships to become Majority Whip. The job also kills a budding romance. Remy notes that the job has made her colder. She essentially has sacrificed everything in her life for her powerful job.
  • Long Game: It takes Frank Underwood 26 episodes, or 22 hours of nonstop binge watching, and two years of in-universe time, to go from being merely the Democrats' chief whip to the POTUS.
  • Lost in Character: At a Civil War reenactment, the man playing Underwood's great-great grandfather is way too into his character, describing in first person, almost rapturously, how Underwood's ancestor died in the battle.
  • Machiavelli Was Wrong: By the end of Season 3, Frank's reign of terror backfires spectacularly on him. Aside from Stamper and Grayson, all the members of his inner circle have abandoned him due to his relentless mistreatment.
  • Mistreatment-Induced Betrayal: Oh, yes. By the end of Season 3, Frank's relentless mistreatment of his allies has left him practically alone on his reelection campaign.
  • Money Is Not Power: A repeated theme in the series is that people in public office are more interested in power than anything else, including money.
  • Newscaster Cameo: Many real-life anchors and commentators report on the events in the series, including Soledad O'Brien, John King, Bill Maher, Rachel Maddow, Sean Hannity, Chuck Todd and even Dennis Miller with his trademark obscure references.
  • Nice to the Waiter:
    • Frank is friendly to everyone as part of his political persona. He's particularly friendly to Freddy, who serves his favorite ribs. In the end, however, they're not close enough friends for Frank to go to bat for him when Raymond Tusk starts digging up some skeleton's from Freddy's past.
    • Raymond Tusk is polite to service personnel as part of his common-man persona.
  • No Celebrities Were Harmed:
    • Catherine Durant, the Democratic Senator who "campaigned hard against [the president] in the primaries" and who gets nominated for Secretary of State to show that the administration is above party politics, sounds a lot like Hillary Clinton during the first term of Obama's administration.
    • In episode 9, a television pundit that criticizes Russo and his campaign can only be a stand-in for Glenn Beck with his use of visual aids and polemics.
    • The Republican leadership in the Senate are a Latino and a Tea Party conservative, much like Marco Rubio and Ted Cruz, respectively.
    • Walker's Secretary of State nominee Senator Michael Kern is similar to former senator and current Sec State John Kerry.
    • Creator Beau Willimon has confirmed that brilliant Midwestern billionaire Raymond Tusk, who despite his fortune still lives in a pretty ordinary house, is partly inspired by Warren Buffett.
    • Terry Womack is comparable to real-life Black Caucus chair and Missouri 5th congressman Emmanuel Cleaver.
    • President Viktor Petrov of Russia is a newly divorced former KGB agent with a fondness for "manly" photo ops and a tight grasp on his country's government and press, just like Vladimir Putin. The two even share the same initials "VP".
    • Frank's rise from House Majority Leader to President (first by convincing VP Jim Matthews to run for his old governorship, so that Walker will tap Frank as VP, then manipulating things so that Walker steps down rather than face impeachment for a money laundering scheme and cause Frank to become President) is very loosely based on how Gerald Ford rose to the Presidency without a single vote to his name: Ford was House Minority Leader for the Republicans, then he was tapped by Richard Nixon as Vice President after the sitting Vice-President Spiro Agnew stepped down due to his role in a tax evasion scandal, and then he got tapped for President after Nixon stepped down due to Watergate.
  • No Sense of Personal Space: Like Lyndon Johnson, Frank violates the personal space of people on purpose to make them uncomfortable. Claire also uses the technique in episode 10 to mess with Zoe in her apartment, both by leaning into her and going through her clothes and notes. She tries to pay Claire back in episode 11.
  • Not Distracted by the Sexy: In the first episode, Zoe tries to soften up Frank by wearing a push-up bra with a low-cut top. He immediately figures out what she's doing and calls her out on it.
  • Not Quite Dead: Turns out Rachel didn't kill Doug in the Season 2 finale, after all!
  • Oblivious Guilt Slinging: First Lady Patricia Walker does this to Claire in the Season 2 finale. As they talk on the phone, Patricia says how Claire is a good person and a good friend, unaware how Claire and Frank worked to undermine Walker's presidency. After they hang-up, Claire bursts into tears, but only for a minute.
  • Old Media Are Evil: Deconstructed. Zoe has contempt for her job at a newspaper standing-in for The Washington Post. She eventually leaves the dull newsroom for a Politico-like website. The trope is ultimately played without irony: The newspaper's old-fashioned managing editor gets fired, and Zoe's website gets all the important political stories from then on.
  • Old Media Playing Catch-Up: Averted. Hammerschmidt, editor at 'The Washington Herald'', makes a passionate but irrelevant defense of why newspapers still matter, while modern Intrepid Reporter Zoe doesn't fit in at the stuffy newspaper at all.
  • Ominous Latin Chanting: Some amusing ominous chanting as Frank walks into the Oval Office at the end of Season 2.
  • OOC Is Serious Business: Frank talks to the audience a lot less in Season 3. It's a subtle indication of his decreased confidence in his plans.
  • Out-of-Character Moment: In Chapter 28, the formidable Frank Underwood is seen slumped against a desk crying his eyes out, as he is unable to find anyone willing to finance his re-election campaign.
  • Pac Man Fever: Averted; Frank Underwood plays modern videogames realistically. He's as stiff and focused as any Killzone player.
  • Playing Both Sides:
    • Many of Frank's schemes involve him playing both sides of a dispute, pretending to be everyone's ally.
    • Remy and Connor attempt to do so with Raymond Tusk and Frank Underwood.
  • Pop-Up Texting: In the pilot episode Frank's wife's texts to him hang in the air while he sits silently reflecting, leading to an argument when he gets home over him not answering. Use continues throughout the series, usually so that Frank can be in a meeting and talk to someone else at the same time.
    • Interestingly, commentary tracks reveal that the creators felt their use of this trope was ground-breaking and were dismayed to learn that the same effect was already being used to great effect in Sherlock while they were finishing the first season.
  • Power Is Sexy: Francis and Zoe.
  • Pragmatic Adaptation
    • Francis Urquhart was NOT a nice guy even with his leather pants. Quite a few of his machinations weren't just purely about business and furthering his own ambitions, but also partly for his own amusement, and more often than not he would do some reprehensible things simply because he knew he could get away with it. This worked in the British version because it was so short; the viewers only had to put up with him for less than four hours each series. Each season of the American version is about 13 hours (longer than the whole British version put together) — people probably wouldn't be able to handle so much pure sociopathy, especially given that it's Netflix and they probably watch several episodes on end. So it's understandable that the producers decided to make Francis Underwood be less of a bastard and more likeable and pragmatic with his actions.
    • Same with Zoe; Mattie Storin's Elektra Complex was completely dropped from Zoe Barnes and she has more of a spine when it comes to dealing with Underwood than Mattie did with Urquhart.
    • While the original BBC series used British Brevity to get Urquhart to the top position quickly, the American version benefited from its increased length considering that American politicians tend to rise more slowly (in Britain, a leadership election can shift things in a fortnight; the United States does not have leadership elections, it has election cycles. And Barack Obama's rise from State Senator to President in four years was positively meteoric).
  • Precision F-Strike: Frank delivers one in Chapter 28.
  • President Evil: Frank as of the end of Season 2.
  • Product Placement
    • Sony game consoles. Frank plays a Playstation to cool off and namechecks a Sony device in dialogue at one point. In fairness on the Playstation point, it seems that Kevin Spacey really is a fan.
    • Also Apple products. The government and media appear to run exclusively on iPhones, iPads, and Macintoshes, with Frank's Blackberry being the only notable exception. (In reality, the government is very heavily reliant on Windows, usually two or three versions out-of-date — many agencies are only just phasing out XP.)
    • Honey Bunch cereal in episode 9. Made especially conspicuous by the fact that the box is in the center of all the shots in a 5 minute sequence.
    • There was a very long and unnecessary shot of Russo picking up his rental car from Hertz.
    • Nokia Lumia cell phones are used by multiple characters in Season 3.
    • Samsung products also appear, with their TV, fridge, and smartphone.
    • Monument Valley mobile game that Frank loves to play in Season 3.
  • Put on a Bus: Hector Mendoza, the Senate Majority Leader, is suddenly replaced in the middle of Season 3, with only a brief mention of accepting undeclared payments for speeches serving as justification.
  • Quickly Demoted Leader: Bob Birch, who served as the Speaker of the House in Seasons 1 and 2 is quickly demoted to House Minority Leader after the Republicans win the midterms in 2014.
  • Rated M for Manly: True to Petrov's status as an Expy for Vladimir Putin, there's a lot of references to his macho activities. An interesting one involves Senator Mendoza being a fan of John Wayne: Peetrov smirks and says, "Hmm—when men were men, huh?"
  • Reality Ensues:
    • The first few episodes of Season 2 serve to dismantle the lingering threads of Zoe's press investigation into Frank's murder of Peter Russo. This mainly comes about because they are a trio of reporters with few to no resources going up against the newly installed Vice President of the United States with all the power and authority of the government and law enforcement behind him.
    • After Zoe's murder, Lucas tries to complete their investigation by going online to find a hacker to break into Frank's phone records to prove that he had been in contact with Zoe, connecting him to the meeting where she was killed. This fails because being heroic isn't enough in a world where your adversary sees your gambit coming a mile away and counters before you finish step one.
    • Treating your people like shit will make them hate you and abandon you. By the end of Season 3, thanks to Frank's constant belittlement of them, the core chunk of his team — Jackie, Remy, Tom, and even Claire — have all jumped ship and left him alone.
    • Season 3 in general serves as a reality check for the series. Cheating your way up to the presidency is one thing; being a president, well, that's quite another.
  • Ripped from the Headlines
    • Pennsylvania's importance to the Democratic Party.
    • The frequent references to natural gas and nuclear energy.
    • Underwood's "selection campaign" to find a replacement for the Vice President slot, with him rejecting all possible picks so he can be picked, mirrors the way Dick Cheney ran George W. Bush's Vice President search committee, in order to get himself picked for the job.
    • President Walker's education bill, a sweeping piece of reform legislation that he aimed to pass within his first 100 days in office, bears some resemblance to Obama's healthcare reform act.
    • The teachers' strike bears resemblance to the 2011 protests in Wisconsin when the state public workers' collective bargaining rights were threatened. However, national strikes for political reasons have been banned in the United States since 1947 under the Taft-Harley act.
    • Gavin saying he wants Barrett Brown released was probably the first time most viewers had heard of the man.
    • Frank tends to use Lyndon Johnson's tactic of invading personal space when he's verbally strong-arming someone. There's even a shot that lingers on a photo in his office of LBJ delivering "the Johnson Treatment."
    • Some characters are knock-offs of contemporary politicians going through similar circumstances, including Catherine Durant for Hillary Clinton.
    • Claire's involvement in the issue of rape in the military is similar to the ongoing debates about the problem of military rape.
  • Sanity Slippage: Frank becomes progressively unhinged as Season 3 unfolds, needlessly treating his own allies like shit and blaming them for his own mistakes and failures. Sure enough, one by one, they revolt.
  • Scatterbrained Senior: In Season 3, a Supreme Court Justice comes to the President and quietly admits to being diagnosed with Alzheimer's, requesting retirement. He's encouraged to remain on the bench because it would be politically inconvenient. He has an episode of losing his train of thought during a public legal proceeding, and forgets the name of a long-time colleague. Later, because the wind has shifted, the Pres. needs him off the court but he refuses to quit, confounding the Commander in Chief's schemes.
  • Screw the Rules, I Make Them!: Frank's attitude after becoming President of the United States.
  • Seeking Sanctuary: Rachel's church at first seems to be a reasonable escape from the ruthless political scheming she has become entangled with.
  • Senseless Sacrifice: Frank call this his "martyr rule" persuading people to remove themselves by suggesting their position is untenable and they would be better off using this as an opportunity to draw attention to issues close to them.
  • Serious Business: The Civil War reenactors never break character.
  • Sexy Discretion Shot: Used exclusively with Francis and Zoe, so reliably that it feels pretty weird when they don't cut away.
  • Shaggy Dog Story:
    • Lucas Goodwin's storyline in Season 2 starts with his girlfriend Zoe Barnes' murder, and ends with him being framed and sent to prison for cyberterrorism. His attempt to expose Frank's crimes completely fails.
    • Rachel Posner's Season 3 storyline ends in an unmarked grave in the middle of the Santa Fe desert, courtesy of her lover/stalker Doug Stamper.
  • Shoot the Dog: Underwood, involving an actual dog, to let us know exactly what kind of protagonist we're dealing with right from the off.
  • Shout-Out:
    • "You might think that. I couldn't possibly comment". In the British original, Urquhart used this phrase routinely to imply statements without explicitly confirming them. In the American version, Underwood only says it a couple of times — just enough to tip his hat to his British predecessor. An even subtler homage is the habit of interspersing the action with shots of people dealing with Washington's garbage, homeless, and general wretchedness — just as the original series included ominous shots of the rats of London.
    • When Underwood compares power to real estate, he uses a phrase from David Mamet's Glengarry Glen Ross: "It's all about location, location, location". Incidentally, Spacey was in the film adaptation, but the line wasn't included.
    • Doubling as a Freeze-Frame Bonus, among the lines of technobabble that show up in the terminal when Herononymous first makes contact with Lucas is the line "sudo make me a sandwich"
    • Frank Underwood shares a surname with the US House of Representatives first Democratic Party Whip, Oscar Underwood. Michael Kern shares his with the US Senate first Democratic Party Whip, John W. Kern
  • Shown Their Work: A lot of effort was taken to accurately portray the geography of Washington D.C. At an Orioles game that Underwood goes to, the crowd shouts "OH!" in the middle of the national anthem. This is a tradition for all Maryland and DC area sports.
  • Significant Monogram: Frank Underwood. Made very explicit in Chapter 14, shortly after Frank kills Zoe, when the camera pans to a set of monogrammed cufflinks
  • Sinister Surveillance: Gavin is blackmailed by Stamper into exploiting government data mining technology.
  • The Stool Pigeon: Gavin, The Informant, is this to his former hacker/hacktivist friends.
  • Strawman Political: Averted. Policy and ideology seems of little concern to Underwood, and when a strongly liberal House colleague and the Republican leadership are introduced, they are portrayed rather sympathetically.
  • Stupid Statement Dance Mix: Frank ends up spawning one midway in the series, after a gaffe during a debate on CNN.
  • Take That: Season 3 features quite a few scathing swipes at Vladimir Putin, including a cameo from the jailed members of Pussy Riot.
  • Those Two Guys: In order to pass a piece of legislation key to his plans, Underwood tries to strong-arm two congressmen whose only defining features are that they are extremely liberal and that there are two of them.
  • Throw the Dog a Bone: In Episode 13, Meechum is told by Francis that he has played an valuable and useful role and he will arrange Meechum a transfer from Capitol Police to the Secret Service.
  • Too Dumb to Live: By the end of Season 3, Gavin Orsay has finally escaped from the United States and the FBI, and is living abroad in peace. What does he do with his hard-earned freedom? Contact Doug Stamper (the man who expedited his escape in exchange for locating a former lover) and try to blackmail him into helping a fellow hacker escape Federal custody the same way, revealing that the lover he told Doug was dead is actually alive in hiding. It's no surprise that Stamper immediately tracks down Orsay, beats him all to hell, takes the information and leaves him with a very explicit death threat.
  • Took a Level in Jerkass: Frank has never been a Nice Guy, but he is a much bigger asshole in Season 3 than in previous seasons. Not surprisingly, he also loses the core of his team by the end of the season.
  • Twenty Fifth Amendment: Applied twice. (Don't act surprised. You saw this coming.)
    • Near the end of Season 1, when Underwood engineers the resignation of the Vice President by having him run for and win the governorship of Pennsylvania, and Underwood is appointed Vice President
    • At the end of Season 2, When Underwood engineers the resignation of the President amidst a series of scandals and becomes President himself.
    • Happens in between Seasons 2 and 3 when now-President Underwood appoints Donald Blythe as new vice president.
  • Undignified Death: Discussed.
    Frank: What exactly happened?
    Doug: A 17-year-old girl ran off the road texting her boyfriend, and I quote: "Doesn't the Peachoid look like a giant..." And then she lost control of the car.
  • Unholy Matrimony: The Underwoods form a perfect and nefarious political marriage but they also have affection for each other.
  • Uptown Girl: Claire is a Southern Belle who comes from a wealthy Dallas family, in contrast to Frank's more humble background. Claire's father also funds Frank's first campaign.
  • Vice President Who:
    • Vice President Jim Matthews is easily manipulated by protagonist Francis Underwood. He is ultimately convinced to resign so that he can return to his old post as governor of Pennsylvania.
    • When Underwood is President, he appoints a former colleague who will be inoffensive and easily sidelined.
  • Villain Ball: Frank, a master manipulator, starts tactlessly browbeating his crucial minions for absolute obedience in the second half of Season 3, causing a predictable breakdown of his power structure.
  • Villain Decay: Underwood has transformed from a cool-headed Magnificent Bastard to a less-functional Smug Snake for Season 3.
  • Villain Protagonist: Underwood, based on Shakespearean villain protagonists like Richard III and Macbeth.
  • Wham Episode
    • Episode 11. Underwood crosses a new line. He murders Russo and makes it look like suicide.
    • Episode 1 of Season 2. Underwood shoves Zoe Barnes in front of a Metro train. The security camera footage makes it look like Zoe tripped or jumped because Frank is hidden behind some construction barriers on the subway platform.
    • Episode 13 of Season 2. Frank successfully orchestrates Walker's resignation and ascends to the presidency.
  • Worthy Opponent:
    • Frank quickly recognizes that Raymond Tusk will prove to be this, upon meeting him for the first time; as Frank explains to the audience, Tusk understands "the difference between money and power." Sure enough, Tusk comes dangerously close to defeating Underwood — more than once. For his part, Tusk is always respectful of Frank — and as such, is always sure not to underestimate him. This is why he's able to be such a challenge.
    • Victor Petrov in Season 3 makes Tusk look weak — is every bit a master of intimidation and manipulation that Frank is (and in some cases, arguably more so)...and in a meaningful conversation in the Jordan Valley, Petrov compares scars and noted that the two of them are Not So Different.
    • Heather Dunbar, Frank's primary election rival in Season 3. A Dangerously Genre Savvy politician with a Fiction500 backing, she sees right through Frank's machinations from the start and manages to capitalize every opening Frank gives away.
  • Wounded Gazelle Gambit: Frank ends the teachers' strike by provoking the lobbyist who's the public face of the union to punch him, which he does by literally backing him into a wall and taunting him about having staged the brick attack.
  • Wrong Genre Savvy: Crusading journalist Zoe and downtrodden idealist hacker Gavin.
  • Xanatos Gambit: Frank openly admits to favoring these, or as he puts it, "I make a habit of considering all trajectories in any given situation."
  • Xanatos Speed Chess:
    • Frank shows himself capable of speed chess in the chapter when teacher's union lobbyist Spinella comes close to upsetting his plans.
    • His efforts to undermine Tusk through his nuclear power interests backfires spectacularly leaving him with no leverage whatsoever against the powerful businessman who will only support him as vice president if he can have Underwood under his thumb. In a spectacular turnaround, Underwood (through sheer balls) tells Tusk he will be his ally, but not his indentured servant and Tusk can take it or leave it. It works.
    • Frankly, the closing arcs for both Seasons 1 and 2 involve Frank having to engage in some massive speed-chess, in an all-or-nothing gambit.
  • Your Cheating Heart: Subverted. Similar to the UK original, Claire knows Frank is sleeping with Zoe and doesn't raise any objections. Obviously, because she knows it's helping him further his and her political objectives.

Alternative Title(s):

House Of Cards Remake