Franchise: Friday the 13th aka: Tales From Camp Crystal Lake
Over 150 kills and counting.
"There's a legend around here. A killer buried, but not dead. A curse on Crystal Lake, a death curse. Jason Voorhees' curse. They say he died as a boy, but he keeps coming back. Few have seen him and lived. Some have even tried to stop him. No one can."
Friday the 13th, a Villain-Based Franchise of Slasher Movies (with twelve installments and a thirteenth in development), revolves around a hockey-masked wearing, machete-wielding, Psychopathic Manchild Zombie named Jason Voorhees. Local legends say Jason drowned at Camp Crystal Lake due to the negligence of the teenage camp counselors, and decades later, the lake and surrounding campgrounds — considered "cursed" by locals — become the setting for a series of mass murders staged on or around Friday the 13th (Jason's birthday).Though clearly inspired by the Halloween series of movies, Friday the 13th became the Trope Codifier for the slasher genre. The films typically start with a Developing Doomed Characters sequence: a group of teenagers — typically counselors or vacationers — have come to Crystal Lake for various reasons, some of which involve sex and drugs. This group, as well as other minor characters, end up hunted down and killed in a variety of ways — and none of the living members of the group grow wise to this until the Final Girl (and occasionally a Tagalong Kid) discovers the bodies and forces a confrontation with the killer.While each movie follows the previous one (and sometimes start directly after the previous film), the series doesn't have many recurring elements aside from Jason and the Crystal Lake location. Parts 4, 5, and 6 buck the trend, as they feature the character of Tommy Jarvis. As a boy (in 4), Tommy partially loses his mind after Jason kills his mother (and Tommy kills Jason in turn); when he grows up, Tommy dedicates himself to the destruction of Jason at any cost — but in an ironic twist, Tommy's quest to eradicate Jason inadvertently becomes the catalyst for Jason's resurrection as a zombie.Jason's infamous hockey mask serves as one half of the Hockey Mask and Chainsaw trope; Jason never actually uses a chainsaw in any of the films, which include:
Friday the 13th (1980) — A mystery killer stalks and murders counselors at Camp Crystal Lake as they attempt to prepare the camp to be reopened. As famously pointed out in the opening of Scream (1996), Pamela Voorhees killed everyone. Jason's mother blamed the counselors at the camp's previous incarnation for letting her son drown (since they were too busy having sex to watch him), and she didn't want to let the camp re-open. Despite the quality of its sequels, numerous critics and fans think of Friday the 13th as an effective horror film.
Friday the 13th Part 2 (1981) — Counselors at a training camp next to the abandoned Camp Crystal Lake end up murdered. Do you sense a pattern here? Even though this film is dangerously close to basically being a remake of the first one, it features the first occurrence of Jason as the killer; he uses a pillow case to cover his head in this film. He wouldn't put on the hockey mask until...
Friday the 13th Part III (1982) — Jason stalks and kills teenagers at a vacation home on Crystal Lake. You'd think people would know better by now. Originally shot in 3-D, the film randomly features shots of various things flying towards the camera — along with a couple of (very cool) three-dimensional kills. Jason puts on the hockey mask in this film — and this film also marks the point where your sympathies might start going towards the killer.
Friday the 13th: The Final Chapter (1984) — Jason stalks and kills teenagers at a rental house near Crystal Lake. The police really should look into this. This film became a Series Fauxnale when it performed so well at the box office that the series continued despite the intent of the producers to end the franchise. Final Chapter features Corey Feldman as a young Tommy Jarvis, Crispin Glover as one of the ill-fated teenagers, a lot of gratuitous nudity, arguably the best gore in the series (courtesy of special effects genius Tom Savini), and a ton of Narm Charm. If you want to watch a So Bad, It's Good teen comedy that morphs into a So Cool Its Awesome horror flick, you want this movie.
Friday the 13th Part V: A New Beginning (1985) — A mystery killer targets teenagers and adults alike at a halfway house for troubled teens located near Crystal Lake — including a teenaged Tommy Jarvis, who has arrived there to recover from his encounter with Jason four years prior. Do you see what they did there with the title? This film features a twist where a man who wanted to avenge the death of his son, which occurred at the halfway house earlier in the film, dons the Jason Voorhees identity (including the hockey mask) to cover his tracks while he kills. The film catches a lot of crap for its lame plot, but it does feature some of the best death performances out of the whole franchise. These teens know how to die! Also has some of the best nudity in the franchise. Despite its high body count, there is noticeably less gore here than in previous films thanks to an upswing of Moral Guardians at the MPAA.
Friday the 13th Part VI: Jason Lives (1986) — The still traumatized Tommy Jarvis sets out to burn Jason's corpse, but accidentally resurrects him instead. Surprising no one, Jason then stalks and kills counselors at a newly reopened and renamed Camp Crystal Lake (now "Camp Forest Green"). An abnormality in that there's no nudity at all, and the reduced gore from the previous film is still in effect. Even with those drawbacks, fans still regard Jason Lives as one of the finest films in the series in terms of plot. As an aside: out of every film in the franchise, only Jason Lives shows children actually making it to camp for the summer. Presumably they go home early.
Friday the 13th Part VII: The New Blood (1988) — Jason stalks and kills teenagers at some houses on the shore of Crystal Lake. A psychic woman named Tina awakens and confronts Jason over the course of the film. A Nightmare on Elm Street makers New Line and Paramount wanted to make what would become Freddy vs. Jason with this installment, but after negotiations between the studios broke down, a girl with Psychic Powers (Tina) became the lead protagonist. Considered by many fans to have suffered the worst violence/gore cuts of all the films in the series.
Friday the 13th Part VIII: Jason Takes Manhattan (1989) — Jason kills teenagers on a boat that leaves from Crystal Lake for about an hour and ends up at New York City, where Jason stalks the survivors through Manhattan for, like, thirty minutes. The filmmakers shot this film mostly in Vancouver, and it shows. Jason gets one of his most memorable kills in this film when he punches the head off one of his victims. Noted for its Gainax Ending, especially since the writer/director has said it was supposed to be a Grand Finale.
Jason Goes to Hell: The Final Friday (1993) — The government finally kills Jason, but his evil heart helps to partially resurrect him. Jason, now an evil spirit, jumps from body to body as he seeks out his last living relatives so that he can kill them before they can kill him. Along the way, he kills a bunch of people. This film became anotherSeries Fauxnale, and went completely Off the Rails thanks to the "body jumping hellspirit" gimmick and an entire supernatural backstory it made up for Jason. In the final scene of the film, the bladed glove of Freddy Krueger drags Jason's hockey mask down to Hell, which set up the crossover film that would come ten years later. Jason, in his own body at least, only shows up twice during the film (at the very beginning and at the very end). The first movie made after New Line acquired the rights to facilitate the long-planned crossover with Freddy Krueger.
Jason X (2002) — Teenagers (and Space Marines) end up stalked and killed on a spaceship after they pick up Jason's cryogenically frozen body at an abandoned Crystal Lake research facility in the far future. After Jason fights a robot, he becomes a robot and kills more people. Essentially an Affectionate Parody of the franchise, it's also remembered for one of the best death sequences in the series (a woman has her face frozen in liquid nitrogen before Jason smashes it to pieces). David Cronenberg makes a brief appearance. Also, despite its name, Jason X has nothing to do with the Memetic Mutation of pressing X to Jason.
Freddy vs. Jason (2003) — Jason teams up with, then turns on, Freddy Krueger; this leads them to stalk and kill a bunch of teenagers before they fight each other, but in the end, they settle nothing. If you consider the statistics, Jason technically won with over twenty kills to Freddy's one. Word of God also differs on who ultimately won and what the ending of the film means, depending on which "God" you talk to. The film takes place after both Jason Goes To Hell and Freddy's Dead: The Final Nightmare; Jason X and Wes Craven's New Nightmare have no bearing on the film's story, though some fans consider it a prequel of sorts to Jason X.
Friday the 13th (2009) — This film marks the starting point for the Continuity Reboot of the series; if you've read this far, you already know the plot (does his kill count get a reboot, too?). The filmmakers intended to give Jason more personality and emphasize a "menacing survivalist" nature, as Jason had numerous traps and secret passages set up around Crystal Lake. A sequel was in Development Hell, but as Warner gave the rights back to Paramount, it seems to be on its way.
Alternate Company Equivalent: Jason is undeniably New Line\Paramount's version of Michael Myers. Both are enormous men wearing white masks and blue or grey work clothes, both kill with either their hands or whatever harmful objects they find, both are virtually immortal and have superhuman strength, both of them primarily target teenagers, both of them move extremely slowly when being observed but astoundingly fast when off-camera, and both of them kill on a certain day because of something that happened during their childhoods on that day.
Artifact Title: three quarters of the films are actually set on Friday the 13th, not counting a couple of early entries that occur just prior to or just after the 13th.
Asshole Victim: These are slasher films, so it's to be expected that there's at least one per movie.
When Jason supposedly drowned at Camp Crystal Lake, his mother Pamela killed most of the next counselors to inhabit Camp Crystal Lake years later.
Jason has his own buttons: if you killed his mother in the first film, then may God have mercy on your soul. In addition, if you so much as disrespect his mother in any way (posthumously or not) or make light of his physical deformities, he will fuck you up.
In Jason Goes to Hell, many of his victims insulted him before being killed
And to a lesser extent in JGTH, when Robert said he kidnapped his half-sister's corpse, fucked her daughter and had plans to reveal on TV that Jason kidnapped his half-sister's corpse to fuck it, Jason wasn't happy one bit.
Big Bad: Jason Voorhees in most of the movies, exception being Pamela Voorhees in the first movie and Roy Burns in Part V.
Bigger Bad: Even though Jason's mother is dead, he commits his killings in her memory.
Blue and Orange Morality: Jason himself. He's the antagonist of every movie in which he appears as an adult, but deep down, he's a mama's boy who desperately feels the need to satisfy his mother's wishes. She always was and remains the only person who didn't treat Jason like a freak, an abomination, or both. When the Crystal Lake camp counselors indirectly caused Jason to drown due to their negligence, his mother felt that the right thing was to pay evil unto evil, and Jason is only following her lead because of how close he was to her. All in all, Jason probably feels like he's doing nothing wrong every time he brutally murders someone, since it's all in honor of his mother, who he may view as a good person. Word of God also states that Jason has some semblance of "conventional" morals as well, such as never harming anyone under the age of 13, and not harming animals (presumably, except for sustenance).
California Doubling: Crystal Lake is supposed to be in upstate New York. Which means that you shoot any scenes regarding Crystal Lake in places like California, Texas, Alabama, and Georgia. At least the first two movies shoot in New Jersey and Connecticut, respectively.
Death by Mocking: The practical joker or bitchy Alpha Bitch character has a low chance of survival. The largest exception comes in Part II, where the joker stays at a bar drinking all night, managing to avoid the murders at the campground entirely.
Determinator: Jason, especially in Part VIII where he shoves off all the easy potential victims just to get the remaining protagonists.
It was going to be subverted in Jason X where he was supposed to kill the image of his mother in the holographic display showing Crystal Lake just to show how evil he has become. The idea was scrapped.
In the reboot, Jason refrains from killing one female because she resembles a younger version of his mother. So instead he keeps her as a prisoner in his lair.
He tried killing Tommy in The Final Chapter and Rennie in a childhood flashback in Part VIII though. He might have killed Muffin the dog from Part II, the ending is somewhat confusing. On the other hand, in Part VI, he stands in the middle of a cabin filled with running, screaming children and never even takes a swing.
Well, the current comics forgets about the no animals part but this was a cast of ComicallyMissing the Point since it makes Jason a monster rather than a normal (although deformed) child messed up by assholes.
He killed a pregnant woman in Part III (although the lady in question didn't appear pregnant at all, being just two months).
Actually, in Part II it's mentioned that Jason killed wild animals for food.
That was a necessity. He won't kill them out of general sadism like Michael Myers.
In Part VIII, Jason was originally scripted to kick Rennie's dog, but Kane Hodder himself refused to do it on the grounds that Jason wasn't bad enough to hurt animals.
In the "How I Spent My Summer Vacation" comics, Jason actually did spare and protected a physically deformed boy who was being hunted down by a inept drug addicted corrupt cop, who the boy witnessed killing two camp counselors by mistake while trying to shoot Jason.
The Faceless: Subverted. Jason is consistently masked, but in almost all the movies he appears in, he'll lose it for a good look at his face. Said face is not particularly consistent, due to Jason usually taking quite a few nasty hits before dying at the end of a movie, and after his death, Jason spents his time rotting.
Fanservice: The series' overall reputation for nudity is kind of overblown: there's none worth mentioning in parts 1 and 6, and only split-seconds of nudity in 3, 7 and 8. However, 2, 4, 7 and 10 have nice scenes, and 5, 9 and the remake are practically boobular.
Final Girl: In order, Alice, Ginny, Chris, Trish, Pam, Megan, Tina, Rennie, Jessica, Rowan, Lori, and Whitney.
The "virginal" aspect of the character is subverted a bit with Alice, who used weed in one scene and Ginny, who has offscreen sex.
It's also implied that Alice had a relationship with Mr. Christy. Not explicitly a sexual one, but there are a few references to "last night".
Gainax Ending: All of the films tend to end on a bit of ambiguous insanity.
Healing Factor: Jason X reveals that part of the reason that Jason is as unstoppable as he is is because he is able to regenerate himself; at one point, Rowan remarks that she had previously subjected Jason to electrocutions, firing squad, gas, and hanging, all to no avail.
It was taken further in the Avatar Press comics, as Jason is shown to be able to immediately grow lost tissue back from a grenade blast.
It's Michael's birthday during the first night of Part VII.
Idiot Ball: Beginning with Part 2, anyone who wants to re-open, work for or vacation at the camp at Crystal Lake. After Part III, anyone who wants anything to do with Crystal Lake. Don't they ever see a pattern around the place?
Other comics also had crossovers with Satan's Six and Leatherface.
Joisey: Camp Crystal Lake — and therefore, the bulk of the series — takes place here, which may explain why the big class trip in Part VIII was to New York.
Jump Scare: The movies almost always contain a particular Your Princess Is in Another Castle version at or near the end, involving someone leaping into frame from an unexpected location (usually underwater) and grabbing someone else.
Made of Iron: It's amazing how much punishment Jason has gone through.
First of all, he drowned in Crystal Lake.
Then, he took a machete through his shoulder.
After that, he was hanged.
Shortly after, he took an ax to the head.
Moreover, his own machete is lodged halfway through his head vertically. Though to be fair, this actually did kill him, he just came back.
A quarter of his face gets mauled and his neck snaps by a rotor of a motorboat.
He was shot numerous times.
He was caught inside an explosion.
He drowned in a flood of toxic waste.
Then he got blown apart by a mortars.
He got sent to hell by a magical dagger.
Part VII getting the biggest load with Jason getting shot at and electrocuted. Then he gets several plantpots chucked at him, a roof collapsed on him, a light smashed into his head sending him smashing through a staircase, nails chucked at him and being set on fire and a house exploding around him. EVEN THEN he still chases the final girl only to be drowned again.
Averted before he dies and is resurrected. In life, Jason was very quick on his feet.
My Car Hates Me: Some of the movies has a scene where a car refuses to start, or at least takes long enough to build tension.
Nigh-Invulnerability: Jason progresses into it in Jason X, being given regenerative powers, explaining why he can't be kiled. When he morphs into Über Jason, he becomes Made Of Diamond. In Freddy Vs. Jason, it's outright stated that he's immortal. Jason has the partial justification of being dead to begin with (he drowned as a kid).
Oddly Named Sequel 2: Electric Boogaloo: Parts IV to VIII have the subtitles The Final Chapter, A New Beginning, Jason Lives, The New Blood and Jason Takes Manhattan. Sequels after Part VIIIdropped the Friday the 13th moniker and were called Jason Something for a while until the remake restored the original title.
This was because Parts 1 to 8 were produced by Paramount, who then sold the franchise, but not the "Friday The 13th" moniker, to New Line Cinema. The next three films were not allowed to use "Friday The 13th," until New Line acquired those rights too, in time for the remake/reboot. Right now, the franchise and title are owned by New Line, who also own the "A Nightmare On Elm Street" franchise, which was the only reason Freddy vs. Jason could have been made at all.
One Steve Limit: Averted between movies. When you have that many installments, you're bound to have a few repeated names. One notable example: The girl who gets killed with gardening shears to the eyes in Part V has the same name as the Final Girl in Part VII, Tina.
In Part VIII, there are even two characters with the same first name (Jim).
Peek-A-Boo Corpse: There's always a few ready to scare the main characters in the climax.
Victory By Endurance: Jason uses this in Part VIII', where he faces against a teen boxer in Good Old Fisticuffs. Jason never even throws a punch and soaks up punishment upon punishment until the boxer gets tired. Then Jason decapitates him with one punch.
Villain-Based Franchise: The franchise is centered around Jason Voorhees. Not entirely however, since in the first film the killer was Pamela Voorhees, and in A New Beginning, the killer is a copy-cat murderer.
Villain Protagonist: Later movies start to treat Jason as this. He's definitely preferable to all the stoned, screwing, generic teenagers...
The Voiceless: Jason, though are few moments when he opens his mouth.
Part III has Jason opening his mouth for the first time in the whole franchise (as an adult, at least):
Jason: "(gets stabbed in the hand) Ow!"
In Jason Takes Manhattan, Jason lets out a roar oddly enough when he takes his mask off.
Near the end of Jason Goes to Hell Jason possesses a character and pretends to be them for a bit, actually speaking one line.
Jason: Freeze! Get the Hell away from her Ed!
Also in that film, he makes a lot of noise at the beginning as the military guns him down.
White Mask of Doom: Jason's hockey mask in it's early appearances, over the time it becomes more yellowish and worn-out.
Why Did It Have to Be Snakes?: Freddy vs. Jason reveals that Jason had hydrophobia (a fear of water) as a kid. It doesn't affect him as an adult, but when Freddy gets his claws on his inner child, things get ugly. Part VIII's protagonist also suffers from it, due to a childhood trauma.
Window Pain: Plenty of windows are shattered throughout the series.
The only way any of the movies after the first one would be even possible would be if the audience just accepts that somehow Jason didn't actually drown as a child, ran away to live in the woods for some reason, and everyone just assumes that the missing kid drowned without looking for a body, including his own mother.
An alternative is explored in that Jason's body was posessed by that little black eel monster you see in Jason Goes To Hell. You still need to give your suspension of disbelief two weeks off at Christmas though...
Woobie, Destroyer of Worlds: Jason is one of the most notable slashers in horror history, but somewhere deep (very deep) inside is a Momma's Boydeeply misses her and feels he has to please her. To varying degrees this was always the case thanks to him often being portrayed as a deformed manchild with mental deficiences and a murdered (even though she deserved it) mother. Being bullied as a child by his fellow campers and dying entirely thanks to the uncaring attitudes of the camp councillors adds to this. Several movies even add that it's not really his fault; it's either a demonic posession or a curse on the lake itself.
alternative title(s): Friday The13th; Friday The13th Hate Kill Repeat; Friday The13th Church Of The Divine Psychopath; Friday The13th The Jason Strain; Tales From Camp Crystal Lake; Friday The13th Pamelas Tale