The Time-Space Administration Bureau of Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha has a track record of giving defeated opponents job offers as an alternative to prison time. Said jobs are often active-duty combat positions where said crooks may wind up facing universe-destroying Lost Logia or armies of cyborg super soldiers and the like, but many are also basically community service roles working for civilian organizations like the Saint Church. In contrast to many similar arrangements, the ex-convicts enjoy, take pride in and do well in their jobs, and their superiors, for the most part, trust them completely. (It also helps that much of the time, the crimes in question involved duress or deception was being brought to bear on the "criminal" at the time of the time.)
The Mugai-Ryu in Blade of the Immortal are all death row criminals who are buying back their lives by collecting Itto-Ryu heads.
Lind L. Tailor in Death Note is set to impersonate L on a broadcast to try to see how Kira will kill him on the day of his execution. Later on, L proposes having a criminal write names in the Death Note and see if he dies 13 days later to determine whether the 13-day rule is fake, and pardoning the criminal if he or she survived, but gets killed before he can enact the plan.
Aiber also counts, at least in the manga, where he mentions in passing that L has enough evidence on him to get him life in prison, and he likes the chance to use his con artist skills.
The main plot of Cyber City Oedo 808 involves taking three criminals with life sentences, putting explosive collars on them and sending them out to stop other criminals. If they succeed in their missions, they get time removed from their sentences (though all three have sentences of over 200 years, and one of them was once penalized with extra time for disobeying orders during a mission). Their goal is to eventually work off their entire prison sentence, though they hadn't come close yet by the end of the series.
In King of Thorn manga, the government recruit a hacker this way. The fact said hacker wants to take revenge on the infiltrated facility's system administrator certainly helps.
Argo Gulski in G Gundam, a former Space Pirate, was caught and imprisoned by Neo Russia, who game him the ultimatum of fighting as the country's Gundam Fighter for the freedom of his crew, or live-imprisonment for the lot of them. As an added bonus, he has an explosive charge permanently attached to his chest, making escape for him totally impossible.
In One Piece, we have the Seven Warlords of the Sea: seven infamous pirates given pardons by the World Government in return for their service, which is spent crushing revolutions or related regime change or dealing with other pirates. While they're often derided as "Government Dogs", many of them actually hate the World Government and all are insanely powerful, so calling them that within earshot is not a good idea. There's only one member who seems truly loyal to World Government and that's Bartholomew Kuma, but that's another story...
The prison of Impel Down is home to Shiryuu of the Rain, a former Head Jailer whose habit of killing his charges landed him on death row in the deepest levels of the hellish prison. During a unprecedentedly massive prison riot, he's released to help control it, his sentence postponed for the duration of this second chance. Unfortunately for the staff of Impel Down, his cooperation lasts only until he regains his sword, after which he proceeds to make things much worse by cutting through the guards and communication system before escaping with Blackbeard.
A humorous example is Curly Dadan, head of a bandit gang. Vice-Admiral Garp is willing to overlook her crimes, but only on the condition that she looks after Portgas D Ace, and later Monkey D Luffy. While Dadan does grow attached to the D brothers, she considers the hardships from raising them to be worse than any prison sentence.
In the Final Fantasy V OVA, Rouge the pirate is offered a pardon in exchange for helping the heroes on their quest.
In Soul Eater, witches Eruka, Risa and Arisa are all captured and forced to connect Spartio to the Book of Eibon.
In the Mai Hime manga, Nao joins Haruka's Ori-Hime unit so that her rule-breaking will be ignored. Mai questions whether Haruka will keep that promise.
Triela's handler Hillshire in Gunslinger Girl is sentenced to death when he finds out what the social welfare agency's done to the girl he brought them for treatment, and lashes out at them. One of the other handlers, Jean, approaches him in his cell with an offer of becoming Triela's fratello, the only way for him to safe guard Triela.
In Yu-Gi-Oh! GX, there's Dr. Collector, a genius who was convicted of several murders (probably based on Hannibal Lecter) who aids the government in solving other murders. As a result, he is allowed to compete occassionally in the Pro League (with armed supervision, of course), and actually does a very decent job against the reigning champion The D. That is, until The D unveils his previously unknown Ultimate D Card...
Many of the soldiers in Marvel/Epic's Alien Legion were this.
In the Spin-Off of Gargoyles called Bad Guys, Hunter, Fang, Dingo, Matrix, and Yama are formed into the Redemption Squad. This was originally supposed to be an animated spinoff, but the show got cancelled.
Marvel Comics blatantly stole the idea of The Dirty Dozen for its war book Combat Kelly and the Deadly Dozen. It's in the name - can't get much more blatant than that.
The '80s version of DC Comics' Suicide Squad featured an assortment of supervillains sent on black-ops missions by the government in exchange for pardons. 'Suicide Squad' became a very appropriate name due to the nature of their missions and the penalty for refusing to go on them in the first place. This version was featured on Justice League Unlimited as "Task Force X" in the episode of the same name.
A later reinvention has the new recruits coming directly from The Raft a.k.a. Alcatraz for supervillains. This team was created in the hopes of eventually reforming the supervillains.
Another team of Marvel villains like this was the Freedom Force; technically, this was what Mystique's Brotherhood of Evil Mutants became after they offered their services to Valerie Cooper in exchange for pardons from the government. They were able to do a few good deeds (most notably apprehending Magneto) but after a few unpopular incidents like trying to enforce the original Mutant Registration Act, which brought them into conflict with the X-Men and X-Factor, the team fell apart. (Cooper decided to hire X-Factor to replace them.)
Magik was given this status following the events of the Schism, selected by Cyclops to be a member of the "Extinction Team." There wasn't an offer for release or parole with it - she was only let out of the X-Brig for missions, and her suit had a lethal fail-safe to prevent her from teleporting away. This relaxation of her sentence seemed to have both positive and negative impacts; after gaining new powers from the Phoenix Force, she escaped, purged the Juggernaut's powers from her brother permanently and she remains a supporter of Cyclops and his revolutionary X-Men. (Unfortunately, this didn't help her and Colossus reconcile; it actually made their relationship worse than ever, as he figured out she could have done that at any time and made him keep the Juggernaut powers to teach him a lesson. He has since said that he actually wants to see her dead.)
The Punisher was given one of these offers by a Mafia don who wanted him to keep the old neighborhood safe.
Hmmm... approached by mysterious figure... Check. Government offering amnesty for past wrongs... check. Deniability... check. League of Extraordinary Gentlemen, anyone?
Kurt Busiek's short-lived The Liberty Project is an earlier example of super-powered criminals in this trope. Unlike most other examples, it's completely above-board, and done at least partly in the hope of rehabilitating the criminals.
In the Red Jewel Diaries of MGLN Crisis, some of the Numbers who are still imprisoned- Tre, Quattro and Sette, without Uno, who's dead- get a mission from Auris while in captivity. The others are essentially free, but still reporting in for probation hearings, at the start of the main stories.
In White Devil Of The Moon, Sailors Mars and Jupiter, as well as Luna and Mamoru, attack Fate a few times while assuming that she is denying them access to Nanoha for sinister ends. Hayate tells them that assaulting an officer is a severe crime, but they can help the Bureau in lieu of official punishment.
Hitman Miami: Chapter 6 has 47 caught by the police for drug dealing, and once the detective realizes he is a hitman, he is offered freedom for assassinating a target. "If you can drop him, we'll drop the charges."
XSGCOM: Nirrti becomes this to the SCG/X-COM, her scientific knowledge and expertise in exchange for her life (and a few creature comforts).
The Rock uses this trope with John Mason, who isn't a crook per se, but a British spy who was captured three decades earlier.
In The Dirty Dozen, the eponymous twelve were all on death row or imprisoned for life for crimes committed while in the Army. Major Reisman offers them a full pardon - if they survive an almost-certain-death mission. Only one of them, Wladislaw, lives to see his freedom.
Chicken Run: Ginger gets Rocky to teach the chickens to fly in exchange for hiding him from the circus he escaped from.
xXx: Xander (Vin Diesel) works for the NSA or goes to prison for grand theft auto.
His replacement in the second movie, Stone (Ice Cube), was broken out of prison and put to work saving the President.
In the French classic Nikita, a woman is recruited from death row to become an assassin by means of a fake lethal injection.
Remade for America as Point of No Return. The lead doesn't want to cooperate but since the alternative is execution...
Played with in Kim Basinger vehicle The Real McCoy, with the protagonist on parole and trying to go straight. A criminal organization threatens to void her parole unless she aids in a heist.
In Escape from New York, Air Force One crashes inside the Manhattan penal colony. Prisoner and former war hero Snake Plissken is offered his freedom if he can get the President and a special tape out in under 24 hours.
Snake has to go through this again to rescue the current president's daughter in Escape from L.A.. (That turns out to be a bad idea.)
Both times, it's not specifically the people but the objects they're carrying. The President in the first film has a tape with the secret of cold fusion on it. The President's daughter in the second film has a controller for a network of EMP satellites.
In Point of No Return, Bridget Fonda plays a drug addict named Maggie who is convicted of murdering a police officer and sentenced to death; however, her death is faked at her execution, and a government agent (presumably American) named Bob offers her a reprieve if she accepts a job as an assassin. Maggie is successful at first, but grows to hate it, and Bob eventually sympathizes, promising to get her out of the deal if she can complete one last important hit. Unfortunately, this last hit proves difficult, and Bob's superior sends a "cleaner" to kill both Maggie and the original mark, the situation ending with the cleaner dead, and Maggie making a run for it, Bob calling the superior and, after a moment of hesitation, telling him that Maggie is also dead.
This is applied to the American military in The Sand Pebbles and the British military in Atonement, with characters given the choice of jail time or military service.
In Between Heaven And Hell, Sam Gifford (Robert Wagner) beats a lieutenant to death after he accidentally machineguns three of his own men. Because he is a Silver Star recipient, at his court martial Gifford is offered the choice of being sent to Leavenworth or being transferred to to George Company, a de facto punishment company in a dangerous area of the line. Gifford chooses George Company.
This describes one of the protagonists of the French action movie District B 13.
The title character in Kurosawa'sKagemusha is a thief saved from execution in order to act as a top-secret double for an identical-looking feudal warlord. How could THAT possibly go wrong?
The original Inglorious Bastards has a bunch of escaped U.S. Army prisoners stumbling across an Allied undercover mission, which they inadvertently foil. To make up for their mistake and secure their release, they take the original crew's place.
In a movie of the voyages of Sinbad the Sailor, at one point he is having a lot of trouble getting a crew for his ship because the place he's planning to go to is so dangerous. Finally, he cuts a deal with the government that any convict who agrees to work on his ship will, if he survives the voyage, be pardoned. However, this results in a mutiny since most of his crew are not the loyal type...
Virtuosity: Denzel Washington's character is given this deal to try and catch Sid 6.7, but is implanted with an explosive device so the police can just kill him if he goes rogue. Except that his police force ally destroys the software to do it just as they're about to execute him.
The main character in Play Dirty is chagrined to discover that the "military unit" he's been given to command on what is essentially a Suicide Mission are nothing but a bunch of convicts given their freedom in exchange for serving as an unofficial special forces division.
Animal Kingdom has Detective Roache, a boxed Corrupt Cop, who's... encouraged to assassinate Joshua, who's under witness protection. The person ordering the hit? Joshua's grandmother.
This is the option given to a captured IRA sniper in The Jackal.
In The Core, Rat is a young hacker who gets caught violating his parole and is facing some serious jail time. He is offered full pardon (and some other incentives) to help the government cover up the mission. Slight subversion in that his home is raided specifically because they need him. He just happens to be back to his own tricks.
Lara Croft Tomb Raider: The Cradle Of Life. Lara needs help in her government mission to find Pandora's Box. She goes to the Republic of Kazakhstan and recruits Terry Sheridan, an old lover of hers who's in prison there.
Catch Me If You Can, based on the Real Life story of master con artist Frank Abagnale Jr. ends with him getting such a deal from the FBI once the agency realizes his familiarity with forged checks can be put toward more productive use.
In RoboCop 3 the Big Bad had did this in a way that really went against protocol. Basically, he had done so much bad stuff (including murdering a cop and framing the hero for it, among other things) that while he was still technically in control of the police department, the media turned against him, and every other cop on the force quit. So he decided to simply recruit every crook in jail at the time as replacements. As you might expect, that didn't exactly work out as well as he'd hoped...
In Terry Pratchett's Discworld novel Going Postal, con artist Moist von Lipwig, after his apparent execution ("apparent" thanks to Lord Vetinari, the Patrician of Ankh-Morpork), is tasked with getting the Ankh-Morpork Post Office up and running again. Two books later, as Moist is getting bored with the post office (practicing breaking into it, even though he has all the keys, for example), Vetinari plucks him up again and sets him to fixing the banks. It's hinted at the end that the next task Moist will be set is to fix the taxation system...
This happens twice to a master forgery artist, once by Moist and once by Vetinari, in Making Money.
It should be noted that Moist's Evil Counterpart from Going Postal was offered one at the end of the book. He chose to take the door ensuring he would "never be bothered again." Literally, as he discovered, as the door hid a bottomless pit.
In The Stainless Steel Rat, a society that has all but obliterated crime (by catching the potential criminals early and "reforming" them) finds itself ill-equipped to deal with the few criminals who slip through the cracks. So an organization captures the more "moral" criminals (those who value human life) and sends them off to tackle the less moral criminals who pose a more significant threat. Minus A Stainless Steel Rat Is Born, this is the backbone of almost all the books, starting with our hero's capture by the agency in the start of the first book. Oh, and he meets his wife, an insane Serial Killer, via his new job, and after she has a minor lobotomy, she joins up too.
Said minor lobotomy does involve needing to know why she's an amoral psycopath, so there's at least a possibility that it's a relatively humane version. She's still casually violent afterwards- but only for a good cause.
Also happens in The Stainless Steel Rat Sings the Blues, which chronologically takes place before the first novel in the series, where Jim is captured trying to steel newly-minted coins and is sentenced (without trial) to execution by leaving him in a room that's being flooded. An agency (not the Special Corps) replaces him in the room with an android in return for being sent to a prison world to recover an alien artifact. Naturally, he's given a slow-acting poison to make sure he hurries up.
Frank Abagnale, author/protagonist of the book and movie Catch Me If You Can, ultimately went to work for the Feds to help them spot check forgeries.
Sean Dillon, Jack Higgins' most frequent hero, is an ex-IRA member who goes to work for British intelligence after he's caught smuggling missiles in the Balkans.
In the Stephen King short story The Jaunt, a prisoner on death row is offered the chance to walk if he agrees to make a dangerous trip through a new teleportation system. It turns out he should have chosen to go to the chair.
This is the entire plot of Poison Study by Maria V. Snyder- the heroine becomes the Commander's food taster.
The novels by Sven Hassel about the (fictional) 27th Penal Panzer Regiment.
In Red Seas Under Red Skies, the archon poisons Locke and Jean and bribes them to work for him with the antidote. This does not work out well for anyone.
In The Destroyer this was the set up for Remo Williams joining C.U.R.E. after they framed him for murder.
The Film of the Book instead has them fake his death and "reshuffle" his face, warning him that refusal means death.
The X-Wing Series has the Rebellion actually go to an Imperial prison planet, raid it, take the Rebels, and tell the surviving members of the Black Sun criminal organization that if they want out, they have to help the Rebel Alliance take Coruscant from the Empire. If they do help, the slates will be wiped clean; past offenses will be ignored. Later on, once they're actually on Coruscant, a Space Cop turned Rebel pilot tells the man he put away (Zekka Thyne) that if he doesn't behave he'll be hunted down again.
To nobody's great surprise, they (or at least Thyne) end up turning on the New Republic before the end of the book. This is about as conducive to their well-being as you'd expect pissed off Rogue Squadron to be. The leader of the group (Fliry Vorru) manages to talk his way out of trouble, however, and even gets an official post with the New Republic. He still has his own agenda, though....
The opening of The Thief by Megan Whalen Turner finds Gen in a dungeon after being caught stealing. He agrees to help find an artifact in order to get out. Ultimately subverted though, as Gen got himself caught deliberately as a Batman Gambit, so he could be part of the party looking for the artifact so that he would be able to steal it out from under them, and he's way smarter than his handlers.
In the first Artemis Fowl book, the LEP offers Mulch Diggums a reduced sentence in exchange for breaking into Fowl Manor. Mulch takes the deal, then steals some gold, fakes his own death and runs for it.
The UNACO series by Alistair Maclean various other authors is a UN crime-fighting force whose agents are former criminals.
The Red Dwarf novel Last Human features a prison that tried to make a planet inhabitable by using convicts. The cons were given a choice between a nightmarish hell made by whatever their subconscious thought was worst or their soul being used to bring a planet to life. The first planet used guilty cons and so was evil. For the second, they framed innocent people and forced them to choose between going back to their own personal hell and finish their sentence or become the next life force of the new planet. This caused the second planet to be plagued by an entity known as The Rage, a tornado thing possessed of the anger of the injustice the innocents had to face.
Robert E. Howard twists it in "Rogues in the House". A mysterious figure does approach Conan the Barbarian and offer him a way out in return for an assassination. On the other hand, he does make it clear from the beginning that he's offering a jail break.
In Mara, Daughter of the Nile, Sheftu, leader of La Résistance, tries to turn Mara into this, believing her to be a slave on the run from a cruel master and promising to not reveal her if she serves him. He has a mini-Heroic BSOD when he realizes the truth: she was bought and employed by his archnemesis and he never had a hold on her. Well, except for The Power of Love.
The first Ciaphas Cain novel has him deal with the aftermath of a riot by getting all the instigators as light a sentance as possible (both because he wants to avoid damaging the recently created battalion's morale even further and to get himself a nice, friendly fire preventing reputation for putting The Men Firstnote That is to say the soldiers. Putting the male members above the females would put him in even more danger than mistreating them equally.). He sentences the soldiers who actually committed murder in the riots to "death" via penal legion (see the Warhammer 40,000 example in the Tabletop Games section). In the end he ends up using them for a suicide mission he has to go on himself, with the promise that they'll be spared the penal legion if they survive.
In The Painter Knight, the Ragtag Bunch of Misfits tasked with rescuing their five-year-old queen includes one of the traitors, caught while trailing the party to kidnap her. He is subjected to an impromptu trial before his child sovereign, who nonchalantly points out that she can execute him before demanding his sworn fealty and service. He gives it at once, and is relieved to be punished by eating nightcrawlers instead.
In The Emperor's Soul, protagonist Shai is jailed for the theft of a state treasure, and due to be executed, until the Emperor is rendered comatose and his advisors tap her to use her skill at magical Forgery to create a new soul for him.
In Damnation Alley, the protagonist, Hell Tanner is given a pardon for his substantial crimes if he will cross from the East Coast to the West Coast of North America to deliver a vaccine, the world having been wrecked and North America having become an impassible wasteland.
Fisk of The Last Knight is indebted to Sir Michael as his squire for an indefinite amount of time. Sir Michael paid quite a hefty fine Fisk was charged for multiple fraud charges; Fisk himself couldn't pay, had no one to pay it for him, and the punishment for not paying it would be quite severe.
The A-Team's final season deals with the titular heroes being this in nearly every episode.
2000 television show The Invisible Man had a con released from prison by an intelligence agency so he could become a guinea pig and agent by undergoing surgery to give him a gland that made him invisible. In this case, the government didn't break him out for his skills; nepotism got him out, since his brother was the lead scientist of the project. It was only after his brother was murdered and the government realized that nobody else knew how to remove the gland and place it in somebody more suitable that he was drafted as a secret agent.
They still have a hold on him in the form of the counteragent, a drug meant to keep Darien from going insane due to a nasty side effect from the gland (that the Big Bad deliberately introduced into it in order to control potential buyers). The flaw is removed in the series finale, but Darien chooses to come back to the Agency to work of his own free will.
Season 3 of Heroes has Hiro briefly doing this to a former enemy.
It Takes a Thief (1968): Suave cat burglar Alexander Mundy, finally captured, is granted limited freedom on the condition that he ply his thieving trade for a U.S. intelligence agency.
This was the premise of She Spies, with the added twist that even if they cooperated fully, the girls would be sent back to prison if they failed a single mission.
The TV series Garrison's Gorillas chronicled the adventures of a group of convicts recruited into the U.S. Army by the offer of a post-war parole. Commanded by West Point graduate, Lt. Garrison, the "Gorillas" functioned as commandos behind Nazi lines.
Happens to our heroes on Hustle about once a series. On every occasion, the authorities are confident they can outsmart Mickey Bricks. The attempts invariably end in Epic Fail.
The fourth season premiere of Prison Break kicks off the season with this, involving almost every major character.
An episode of Dark Angel reveals that Manticore used death row inmates to train their soldiers. If the inmate makes it to the perimeter before the soldiers catch him, he gets to go free. Of course, that doesn't happen.
This is how Toshiko joined Torchwood in the Torchwood episode "Fragments".
The whole point of the short-lived series Thieves.
In Brimstone, the Devil releases Ezekiel Stone from Hell to capture the 113 damned souls that had escaped. If he returns all 113, he gets a second chance at life. If he fails, he returns to eternal damnation.
In the series premiere of Star Trek: Voyager, Tom Paris is let out of prison to help Janeway track down a Maquis ship. (Not that Paris is much of a crook.)
Star Trek: The Next Generation did the same thing with Ro Laren, Bajoran Starfleet officer who'd been in prison. They let her out in order to help negotiate with a group of Bajoran "resistance fighters" who had expanded their war against the Cardassians to include Federation targets.
This is a less sinister variation than the page description would suggest, though: Neal is working with the FBI openly and on the books as a consultant, not as an expendable resource. At least, not officially expendable. It's not a bad deal for him, really: instead of four years in prison, he spends four years consulting for the FBI and in his spare time he can go where he likes... within the two-mile radius of his tracking anklet, of course.
Except when he leaves the radius and hangs out in the bad guy's HQ, to which the Bureau can't get a warrant. Of course, any evidence of criminal activity they may find in the course of apprehending him is perfectly admissible...
The anklet has become the show's version of a Cardboard Prison, given how easily Neal slips it, to the point where it's not even mentioned anymore. Eventually, they stop putting it on him.
Also, it was Neal's idea.
The anklet isn't designed to be impossible to remove - it's designed to be impossible to not alert the government if it is removed. That function works well.
In the second episode of The Magnificent Seven series, the judge offers Professional Gambler and Conman Ezra Standish a pardon for his crimes in exchange as acting as one of the town's peacekeepers for thirty days. It seems to have worked out well, since he's still there a couple of years later.
In Doctor WhoRiver Song in "Flesh And Stone" is this. In "The Wedding of River Song", we learn that the Doctor faked his death at Lake Silencio using a Teselecta, and allowed her to take the fall for it.
In the animated spinoff version of Scream of the Shalka, the Master, having expended his lives, now lives with the Doctor in an android body. There are, of course, many rules, and all in all he'd rather be free. On the other hand, he gets to spend a lot of time with the Doctor...
The Prisoner has an episode where Number Six is used as one of these without his knowing it.
Alias features three major examples. Arvin Sloane spends most of season 3 working with the CIA as part of his pardon agreement after turning himself in, even working as a double-agent within the Covenant. Granted, this could all have been The Plan; it's unclear within the show how much his later betrayal of the CIA was planned, and whether his entire surrender was a ploy. Nadia Santos is initially recruited into the Argentine secret service as an alternative to prison when she's finally arrested after a several-year-long crime spree (mainly theft and assault) in her teens, which leads to her eventually joining a CIA black ops division. Renée Rienne also appears to be heading this way in season 5, with Sydney offering to secure a pardon agreement in exchange for Rienne working full-time for the CIA, an offer that becomes redundant when Anna Espinosa cuts Renée's throat minutes later. Furthermore, there are many other partially-valid examples (such as Rachel, Dixon and Marshall all being recruited into the real CIA, despite having technically been criminals when working for the Shed/SD-6, on the grounds that they had been conned into believing they were already CIA operatives) and more minor straight-up examples (such as Vivica A. Fox's crooked security expert in season 3)
Hardcastle and McCormick: Ex-con Mark McCormick is arrested for grand theft auto (the person he stole the car from having murdered Mark's mentor to get his hands on it), and newly-retired judge Milton Hardcastle offers to get Mark paroled into his custody if Mark agrees to help him go after criminals who have escaped conviction.
Breakout Kings is about three criminals who get one month off their sentences for every escapee they help the US Marshals recapture.
Dungeons & Dragons module C2 The Ghost Tower of Inverness. The pre-generated team of PC's almost entirely consists of prisoners from the local dungeon given a chance for freedom if they complete the mission.
Warhammer 40,000 does this with the penal legions, most notably Colonel Schafer's Last Chancers, who are basically The Dirty Dozen IN SPACE!
Also, many Inquisitors employ convicted criminals with useful skills as agents. Most of these are well paid but never out of danger. Some Radicals even extend this idea to the metaphysical, binding Daemons to their will and using them in the same way.
Task Force Games
Starfire, Nexus magazine article "The Gauntlet". The Director of the Combined Secret Services offers the captured pirate Thomas Calloway a chance to take command of a task force and rescue a Khanate princess from the Arachnids.
Star Fleet Battles. Klingons use expendable penal ships manned by convicted military criminals. Once the prisoners have served long enough, their crimes are pardoned and they return to their normal duty.
Classic Traveller. Several of the adventure seeds in the 76 Patrons supplement involve PCs who are arrested and imprisoned by the local authorities and offered their freedom if they'll do a job for the government.
Team Korea in King of Fighters is made of two former criminals, Chang Koehan and ChoiBounge, and their "supervisor", Kim Kaphwan, who's intent (or should we say, hell-bent) on reforming them. Since their alternative is jail time, they go along with it.
And it seems to be working, considering Kim's Training from Hell has pretty much mellowed them out to the point of comic relief (they looked much more vicious in KOF 94 and 95, notably before they got their own doboks).
In the backstory of City of Villains, Dr. Carl Egon, a Mad Scientist who was recklessly endangering the citizens of Cap Au Diable and ultimately killed its governor, was captured by Arachnos, publicly executed, and privately refashioned into Dr. Aeon, the new governor of Cap. It's a slight subversion; he's still an amoral Mad Scientist, only now working for (and funded by) Arachnos.
Thomas Standish, aka "The Turtle," helps out Sam over the radio in Splinter Cell: Chaos Theory when a mission is a bank robbery.
A significant portion of the Terran military in StarCraft are convicts guilty of often-horrific crimes who were "resocialized" (read: basically mind-scrubbed and given artificial personalities) and sent into the military. Their new, excessively kind or chipper personae are often noted as quite unnerving to be around by other characters in books set in the 'verse.
Then there's Reapers, who are criminals that are so tough they resist resoc, and are sent to train in Reaper Corps. If they serve for full 2 years, they get released...but currently the longest-served is only 6 months.
Averted, to an extent, by the Marauder heavy infantry - because they get goodies like grenade launchers, much effort is put towards placing the most (relatively) well-adjusted soldiers in these suits.
And there's the Wings Of Liberty campaign's Token Evil Teammate, Tychus Findlay. A former outlaw and one-time partner of Raynor, he's let out of prison in the opening cinematic by order of Arcturus Mengsk, with orders to help Raynor find Kerrigan and kill her. In the ending cinematic, Raynor ends up shooting him instead.
Colonization has "Petty Criminals" as some of the more undesirable colonists, as they got hefty penalties for complex/indoors work. There is some room for Lumberjack, Miner and Fisherman/Farmer jobs, but this have any value only until you have experts. However, give them some rifles and convert them to militia! Or even better, dragoons (better chances, and a defeat costs only 50 horses). If they win a few battles, they don't advance in military experience, but become full-fledged colonists and actually useful around the town. Alternatively, work experience (for mining, farming, etc they are as good as free colonists) or education (if you don't mind a teacher just sitting in the schoolhouse and eating). Either way, you get an Indentured Servants (halved penalties), then Free Colonists, then experts. Pushing into congress William Brewster removes both penalized types from possible recruits forever.
In FreeCol Petty Criminals can't get work experience or even learn from natives, so the lest wasteful way without fighting is schooling to Indentured Servants and then shipping to native village, which makes them experts right away.
In the Chzo Mythos, Trilby is captured sometime after the events of 5 Days a Stranger, and is recruited to the Special Talent Project.
Battlefield: Bad Company is a video game portraying a company made up of the men whose offenses within the US Army aren't serious enough for a court martial and as such are used as essentially cannon fodder.
At least two of the three main teams in Raizing's Armed Police Batrider - rogue cops and inveterate criminals who just like violence - fit this trope like a glove. The third, made up of powerful psychics held by the government for study, only half: while they were implanted with bombs to be detonated on failure or insubordination, none of them were actually offered anything in exchange for success. Not to say they didn't end up taking it anyway.
System Shock's plot started when the hacker was caught breaking into TriOptimum's network. One of their executives offered the hacker freedom and a new neural interface if he agreed to covertly disable some non-essential components of their space station's AI.
Mass Effect 2: You are ordered to recruit Jack, the most powerful human biotic in the galaxy, who just happens to be homicidal, insane and in lockup on The AlcatrazIn SPACE. Unfortunately, the prison warden gets greedy and decides to capture you as well, forcing you to release Jack and every other prisoner in her block. She agrees to work for you in exchange for info on the people who experimented on her - the same group you're forced to work for.
In the third game, she appears to be fully reformed and is busy training young biotics on how to best use their abilities to help the Alliance. She comes up with the idea of "biotic artillery". She even stops dropping Cluster F Bombs in her new role as a teacher, unless you tease her about it.
In Halo 2, the condemned Elite being offered the chance to become the Arbiter is a variation of this: it was made quite clear to him that he would die either way. However, by becoming the Arbiter, he would have the opportunity to regain his lost honor, and cleanse himself of his status as a heretic. All other Arbiters in the series are in a similar situation, although the one from Halo Wars has been doing his job long enough to be a very dangerous physical combatant.
Note that in most cases, an Arbiter who manages to survive his Suicide Mission is simply sent on more of them until he eventually actually dies on one, depending on the severity of the crisis he was made Arbiter for. In the case of Halo 2's Arbiter, the Hierarchs have ordered Tartarus to kill him if this happens.
Lobelia from Sakura Wars 3 definitely qualifies. Unlike the rest of her sweet, innocent team, Lobelia fights not for Paris, but for the reduction of her one thousand year prison sentence. Also, fair is fair, as she's responsible for roughly 85% of all crimes in Paris anyway. Oh, and any failure most probably means death.
After General Keyser is defeated and captured in Exit Fate, his rival Bast (whom you recruited specifically to outwit Keyser) wants to draft him for your side. Keyser rightfully thinks the idea is ludicruous, but Bast points out two important things - the war is turning, with your side looking to be winning, and Keyser is more concerned about furthering his career than loyalty to a losing side. Bast then adds, "Wouldn't it be interesting to work with me instead of against me?" The General stands no chance.
Daveth from Dragon Age: Origins is a thief forced to join the Grey Wardens; unfortunately, he doesn't survive their dangerous initiation rite, which involves drinking poison.
Close to the end of the game, you can also do this to Loghain, as punishment for his coup and various other crimes.
In the expansion Awakening, the majority of your party members are this: Anders is an apostate mage in danger of being captured by the Templars, Nathaniel is in jail for trying to kill you and steal back his family's possessions from your stronghold, Velanna engaged in a campaign of terrorism against humans, and Sigrun fled from a battle (considered an unforgivable offense among the Legion of the Dead).
Heck, your player is a Boxed Crook if you chose the Mage or City Elf origin; Mage Warden (unwittingly) helped a blood mage escape, and City Elf Warden slaughtered a bunch of rape-happy thugs (and possibly the evil nobleman employing them), and both would have ended up in jail or worse if Duncan hadn't invoked the Rite of Conscription. In short, the Grey Wardens are very fond of Boxed Crooks.
It would also have been the case with the above-mentioned blood mage, who was to become a full party member, had the developers not run out of time and turned him to an incidental (but plot-important) NPC. Basically, he is caught and about to be executed for poisoning the Arl. The original plan was to have the Player Character have the option of conscripting him into the Wardens.
Sten slaughtered a family of farmers in a fit of rage (he thought they took his sword) and was put in a cage to be killed by the Darkspawn when they arrived. If you don't convince him to join you and get him released, he will die (then again, you can't return to that location later, so it's difficult to say).
Duncan himself in The Calling novel. A pickpocket on the streets of Val Royeaux (especially since he's not even Orlesian). He gets caught by the guards and is facing severe punishment. Luckily for him, a Grey Warden commander happens to be in town and invokes the Rite of Conscription. A bit of a Subversion as the Grey Warden Commander saw it as a punishment.
Regal Bryant in Tales of Symphonia starts as this, as do several other prisoners in the employ of the Pope of Tethe'alla, trying to capture Colette. Then Regal spots the sister of his beloved in your group...
Brad Evans in the second Wild ARMs game. The commander of ARMS, Irving Vold Valeria, has implanted a detonation device in his neck to ensure he doesn't escape or do anything else funny. Later in the game, Brad finds it quite useful.
A fairly large group of crooks (mostly murderers with useful skills) are literally boxed inside Castle Heterodyne, a mad scientist's funhouse fulled with deathtraps and run by an insane AI, and ordered to figure the place out or die trying in what amounts to a protracted death sentence that may produce useful results.
The second time Othar Tryggvassen, Gentleman Adventurer! was caught and brought to Klaus, the Baron reminds him he's not a cardboard villain, so there will be no deathtraps... but a "job". Of course, the "job" sends him into Castle Heterodyne, which has deathtraps to spare. He's also fitted with an explosive collar, just like every other prisoner in the Castle.
In The Order of the Stick, Hinjo recruits high-level prisoners to defend the city, offering to reduce their sentences by five years if they do. This example demonstrates the importance of "insurance" and how easily an employer can be screwed over without it—one is hired by an ambitious politician to assassinate Hinjo and the other defects to the Big Bad before she even starts fighting. By contrast, Belkar considers turning on Hinjo but is forced to decide against it due to the mark of justice that only Hinjo can remove—the only incentive for the other two was a reduced sentence. Being a paladin, it is possible that binding "insurance" either didn't occur to Hinjo or would have directly conflicted with his code.
The "dirty half dozen" were a bunch of hackers that were caught and offered pardons by a shadowy (and under funded) government agency to create the Oracle. Three ended up in jail anyways when they used the Oracle to continue hacking, one was unexpectedly hit by a bus, and the last one ran away.
In addition during the future arcs the CORE relies heavily on conscripted convicts, Tessa herself was sentenced to two years service for hitting a cop.
The entire company is this at one point in Schlock Mercenary... then their enemy gets his fancy ship blown up.
The SCP Foundation's "Class-D Personnel" are convicted criminals sentenced either to life or execution. Unlike most boxed crooks these guys aren't likely to be granted freedom after their missions-they're used exclusively as expendable manpower in dangerous research. Any that survive the assorted testing are terminated at the end of the month. They appear to be specifically chosen so that the scientists don't have to worry about petty morality like they do with their less doomed coworkers.
In Worm, it's mentioned repeatedly that the final Godzilla Threshold is to open the Birdcage-an Extranormal Prison for supervillains with kill counts in the thousands or tens of thousands. The inmates are so terrifying to the rest of the world that even when three new Endbringers show up, they don't release them. In the end, it takes Scion, the world's greatest hero, pulling a Heel-Face Turn and deciding to wipe out humanity before they are released.
Frank Abagnale, author/protagonist of the book and movie Catch Me If You Can and almost undeniably at least a partial inspiration for White Collar, ultimately went to work for the Feds to help them spot check forgeries. Although in reality, unlike the movie, he was paroled normally before ever consulting for the Feds. At the same time he also began consulting for the private sector and began making rather large amounts of money.
The "Musta nuoli" (Black Arrow) battalion (21. Er P) in the Finnish Army, made up from paroled felons and prison wardens. The commander of the battalion was legendary Nikke Pärmi, who said now all the thieves and killers were in the job for which they already had education. Criminal convicts proved to be very reliable and trustworthy, while political convicts were liable to defect. The latter could expect no quarter on the hands of the former when caught.
Konnakolmonen, "Crook Three", 3. Jaeger Company, of the Pori Brigade in today's Finnish Army. Those conscripts who have criminal background are assigned there.
Best way to catch a hacker? Have someone who thinks like a hacker. Best way to have someone think like a hacker? Hire a former hacker. Happens to many criminals to help find a flaw he would look for in his employer's plan.
On occasion, hackers have actually hacked their desired employer, as a sort of job interview. One that the employer didn't know about. It tends not to go so well; most so-called "hackers" who find a job this way are normally just professional web developers using nothing but the View Source function of their browser and perhaps an ordinary network traffic-analysis tool. Gaining access to confidential information this way is not going to make you popular, even if the only thing you do with it is email the company's tech support centre with a warning.
Similarly to the above, very good cheaters have been hired by Las Vegas' casinos as security, trying to spot other cheaters.
Eugène François Vidocq embodies this trope: after having been sentenced to death, he bargained his life for his cooperation with the police as an informant. He then organized the Brigade de la Sûreté, which was to become the famous Sûreté Nationale under Napoléon, and spent his last years leading a detective agency.
The French Foreign Legion was famous for not asking too many questions of its recruits. Those who survived their tour of duty were rewarded with French citizenship and new identities, so this was a possible exit from a life of crime. Nowadays they have tightened up their recruiting policy and no longer accept known criminals.
In the days of early vaccine, some royals had criminals vaccinated to ensure they wouldn't catch the illness from it before giving it to their family (if they survived they wouldn't be hanged, although there was at least one case of a criminal who already survived the disease in question).
The Englishman, Eddie Chapman was a career criminal who was caught up by Nazi occupation in WWII while doing a stint in a Jersey island prison. He offered his services as a possible Nazi spy so he could get out and get back to England. With a rap sheet that could land him 14 years in prison if he was ever found by the British authorities and the ease he could blend into the English culture, the Nazis accepted Chapman's offer and spent a good chunk of 1940s cash to train him in espionage. The trope was later subverted however when, over his time training with the Nazis, Chapman changed his mind and immediately sought out MI5 when he landed in Britain so he could be used as a double agent against the Germans.
Most double-agents are this.
Isaac Boro led a failed secessionist struggle against the Nigerian Government in the 60s, for a "Niger Delta Republic". When, in 1967, the more serious secession of Biafra led to the Nigerian Civil War, the Federal Government released him in exchange for military service. He led a group of commandos familiar with the dense Niger Delta Rainforest, and was instrumental in the Federal Army's retaking that region. During a battle where his unit was mixed in with Federal troops, he was shot in the back of the head.
The South Korean Unit 684 was composed of petty criminals and unemployed youths, brutally trained and sent to kill the North Korean leader. However, relations improved and the mission was cancelled, leading to a mutiny and the unit being exterminated. It had a movie made about it, Silmido, which was pretty good.
While the Korean version of City Hunter is explicitly NOT based of actual events, it makes a nod to this event.
George Steinbrenner apparently spent years as an FBI informant to avoid prosecution for illegal contributions given to Nixon until he was granted a pardon at the end of Reagan's term.
The Steve McQueen character in The Sand Pebbles is a composite of several men who served in the Asiatic Fleet during the chaos that prevailed after the second Sino-Japanese war suddenly expanded into World War II. Several officers noted that a lot of habitual troublemakers and brig dwellers proved much more effective in the crisis than so-called model sailors.
Charles "Lucky" Luciano was released from prison in a deal with The Mafia in order to run the New York docks during World War II, (he may also have assisted in the Allied invasion of Italy and Sicily). This was after the burning of the SS Normandie, believed at the time to be a result of sabotage. It's been claimed that the Mafia set fire to the Normandie to bring this about (though this is doubted by most historians); it's also questionable whether the docks were in any danger from Italian-American dockworkers committing sabotage or spying. Regardless of his services, Luciano was deported to Italy after the war.