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Tabletop Game / Uno

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Uno (marketed as UNO) is a Card Game created in 1971 by Merle Robbins and distributed by International Games, Inc. before being bought out by Mattel in 1992.

The object of Uno is to accumulate points by ridding all of one’s hand of cards (going out) before anyone else. Each turn, going clockwise from the dealer, the player plays a card onto a discard pile with both cards matching in color, number, or symbol. Should the player not have a match, they draw a card. They then have the option of playing the drawn card if matches the discard pile. When a person plays their second-to-last card, they must announce “UNO!” or risk getting caught and having to draw two cards. At the end of a round, the player who went out adds all of the points the other players have. First to 500 points wins.

Alternatively, the player who goes out does not earn points, and each person counts points for the cards they own. First to 500 points loses, with the lowest scoring player winning.


     Types of Cards 
  • Number Cards (Points based on face value): Numbered 0-9, colored Red, Yellow, Blue, and Green
  • Action Cards (20 Points)
    • Skip: Skips the next player.
    • Reverse: Changes the direction of play. In two-player, it acts as a Skip card.
    • Draw Two: The next player draws two cards and loses their turn.
  • Wild Cards (50 Points)
    • Wild: Can be played anytime. Player declares new color.
    • Wild Draw Four: Similar to a Wild except it can only be played if the player does not have any cards matching the color of the discard pile. If unchallenged, the next player draws four cards and loses their turn. If challenged, the player shows their cards to the accuser. A successful challenge causes the accused to draw four cards, otherwise an unsuccessful challenge leads to the accuser drawing six cards.
  • Wild Extra Cards note  (40 Points)
    • Wild Custom: Three Blank Wild cards that one can add their own rules to all or each.
    • Wild Swap Hands: Swaps your cards with another player.

The game’s popularity lead to an experimentation of games of different genres (stacking, dice, trick taking, etc.) with most of the original rules intact. The 2000s started a new trend of using the original Uno deck but having a gimmick to alter gameplay. The list below shows all of the variants produced by International Games and Mattel, titles in bold are currently in print, and excludes any licensed themes (which there are too many to list).

There is also a fan film by Rooster Teeth's Achievement Hunter where the players play the video game version on the highest settings and every house rule turned on with terrible results.


    Cards Only 
  • UNO
    • Get Wild for UNO: Adds three Wild Custom cards and a Wild Swap Hands card. Advertised by Mattel as the current basic version.
    • UNO Mod: Uses simpler fonts and symbols.
    • UNO Retro: Uses the original 1971 design with a new card back.
    • UNO H2O/Splash: Transparent waterproof cards.
    • My 1st UNO: Card deck reduced to 36; for younger players.
    • UNO Dare: Playing a Dare Card makes the next person do something on a predetermined (or custom) numbered list or draw two cards.
    • UNO Colors Rule: Special character cards gives the player powers based on the color on the discard pile.
    • Giant UNO: 7.4 x 10.1 inch cards.
    • UNO ColorADD: Colorblind friendly version using ColorADD symbols.
    • Uno Flip (2019): Double-sided cards. Features a light and dark side mechanic each with different Action Cards.
    • Uno Express: Card deck reduced to 56. Draw 2 and Wild Draw 4 are changed to a Draw 1 and Wild Draw 2.
  • DOS: Sequel to Uno (see folder below).
    • DOS Splash: Transparent waterproof cards.

    Physical Gimmick 
  • UNO Attack/Extreme: Instead of drawing cards, players press a button on a machine filled with Uno cards. The machine can randomly draw up to nine cards, but sometimes it may give nothing.
  • UNO Spin: Spin cards (noted by a swirl around the cards corner number) makes the next player spin the wheel instead of playing a card. Some spaces on the wheel have effect on the player who spun it or all players. There's also a small travel version with different wheel spaces.
  • UNO Reflex: The player presses the Reflex button every time a card is played. If it shows a color, then everyone races to discard one of their cards respective of the color. The Reflex machine also dictates the color chosen for a Wild card.
  • UNO Flip (2009): Players can pass cards to others by playing an Uno Guy Card and successfully flipping the Uno Guy to the target's crash site.
  • UNO Tippo: There are two discard piles on a scale and making one of the sides fall is a two card penalty. Stop and Tilt cards forces players to discard on one scale until a proper card is played.
  • UNO Blast: Whenever a player draws a card, it is then put into one of the machine's discard slots. Choosing the wrong slot causes the discarded cards to jump out, and the player adds the drop cards to their hand.
  • UNO Flash: The machine randomly selects a player to play a card and slap their player button. If they fail to complete their action in time, they suffer a two card penalty. When a Slap card is played, the player's opponents race to slap their buttons with the loser having to draw two cards.
  • UNO Power Grab: Playing a Power card (that have the symbols "U", "N", "O", and "!") allows the player to grab a tower corresponding to the card's symbol. The towers give immunity towards specific cards. Collecting all four is an automatic Uno (discard all but one card).
  • UNO Roboto: The Roboto records the player's names and house rules. Roboto will interrupt play to dictate a special command, a duel, or have the player do a house rule.
  • UNO Royal Revenge: The person who wears the crown dictates the color from a Wild and chooses a player to draw a card from a King Card. The joker is chosen by the king and they always draw a card from the Joker Card. A new king and joker occurs every minute.
  • UNO Wild Jackpot: Playing a Jackpot card lets the player spin the Wild Jackpot. The slot can land on a discard, draw four, or having the player release one of the eight custom rule cards.

    Digital Only 
  • UNO Free Fall (2006): Falling block, match three game. Matches are three or more connecting pieces either by color or number.
  • UNO 52 (2006): Poker mixed with Uno. Game plays just like the original, except discarding a card from your hand to the discard allows one to place another card into their Poker Hand (also using Uno rules). The player who goes out wins a blue chip (10 pts.) and the player with the best hand wins a red chip (5 pts.). Winning both chips in a round also receives the entire white chip pot as a bonus. The 52 card deck comes in four colors, raising the total deck to 240.
  • UNO Rush (2009-2014): Faster paced version of the original.

    Non-Card Games 
  • UNO Wild Tiles
  • UNO Dice: Three versions exist (1987, 1996, and 2011)
  • UNO Dominoes: Dominoes with Uno rules
  • UNO Rummy-Up: Rummikub with Uno rules
  • UNO Madness: Uno using a Concentration-like board.
  • UNO Bingo
  • UNO Stacko: Jenga using Uno rules
  • UNO Hearts: "Hearts" with extra Action Cards
  • UNO Blitzo: Uses an electronic machine that everyone shares.
  • UNO Moo

After 47 years, a sequel by the name of Dos (marketed as DOS) was announced on February 2018 and released on March 4, 2018 note . It features a different set of rules:
  • Matching:
    • Cards must match only the number of one of the two available center piles.
    • A player can use two cards at once (a double match) adding up to a center pile's number (e.g. a 3 and a 4 on top of a 7).
    • All center piles can be played on, but only one match per pile is allowed. For example, should there be two center piles present, one can be single matched and the other double matched or both piles be double matched.
  • Ending Turns:
    • Every center pile that has been played on is moved to a separate discard pile. If there are less than two center piles, then it is refilled back to two using the Draw deck.
    • Cards from color matches are then added to the center pile.
  • Color Bonuses:
    • If a single match has the same color as the center pile being played on, the player adds a card from their hand onto the center pile.
    • If a double match both have the same color as the center pile being played on, all opponents draw one card and the player adds a card from their hand onto the center pile.
  • Other Tidbits:
    • When no match is available, then the player draws a card and plays it if its valid. If it's not, then they place a card from their hand to the center row. This can be done even when the player has valid cards on their hand.
    • The Action cards of the first game are replaced by the new Wild Color Dos (2) card and a Wild Number (#) card. These are worth 20 and 40 points respectively at the end of a round.
    • The player shouts "DOS!" when down to two cards left. Failure to do so and getting caught before the next player's turn starts is a two card penalty.
    • The player who goes out adds up all of the opponents' cards by face value. First to 200 points wins.

Uno provides examples of:

  • Actionized Spin-Off: Uno Attack/Extreme amps up the ante by making players press a button on a machine to draw cards. The Press All card requires everyone to hit the button once while the Press Hit forces the next player to hit the button until the machine draws the cards. Sometimes it may give nothing, yet other times the machine will loudly shoot at you a random amount of cards (up to 9).
  • Advertising by Association: Other published card games by International Games and Mattel (such as Phase 10, Boom-o, Skip-Bo, etc.) have a insert on the box proclaiming it came "From the Makers Of Uno".
  • April Fools' Day: In 2011, Mattel announced a sequel by the name "Dos", featuring a deck of only two numbers (two and four) and two colors (blue and green). Nearly six years later, an actual sequel named Dos is produced, albeit with different rules and a more variable deck.
  • Bilingual Bonus: Uno and Dos are Spanish for One and Two, respectively.
  • Comeback Mechanic: Color matching in Dos lets the player remove more cards from their hand. However, the increased number of cards in the center pile gives the next player more options to play their cards.
  • Colour-Coded for Your Convenience:
    • Uno boxes and cards are colored red (with an oval) while Dos cards are colored blue (with a circle).
    • Wild cards are colored black to signify these can be used on any color.
  • Compressed Adaptation: My 1st Uno and Uno Express have reduced card decks. Each player starts with five cards rather than seven.
  • Counter Attack: Challenging a player of an illegal Wild Draw Four.
  • Dark World: The main gimmick of Uno Flip (2019) is literally flipping between the Light Side and the Dark Side of the cards on your hand, the Discard Pile, and the Draw Pile as all of the cards are double-sided. The Dark Side has far meaner cards than the Light Side such as a Draw 5 card, Skip Everyone card, and a Wild Draw Color card (the target keeps drawing cards until the chosen color shows up).
  • Early Installment Weirdness: The original Uno deck had heavy shadows on the symbols, the background shape was a rounded rhombus than an oval, and the Action cards were written out and its corresponding symbols were letters (e.g. S for Skip). The Uno logo was originally colored red with a white rim.
  • Extra Turn:
    • Skips and Draw Cards skip the next player.
    • Creating a color match in Dos grants the player to discard an additional card from their hand to the Center Pile. This is not limited, so two color matches equals two extra discards.
  • Fake Longevity: Reaching 500 points in Uno takes a long time to reach since players tend to discard the higher valued Action Cards. It gets even worse with just two players. This is why some house rules either lower the amount or drop the points goal altogether. Dos lowers the amount to 200 points.
  • House Rules: Rivals Monopoly of players being unaware of the original rules:
    • The most common house rule is foregoing the 500 points goal. Simply going out is considered victory.
    • Wild Draw Fours are rarely ever challenged.
    • Players only draw one card if they have no match. A house rule is for a player to keep drawing cards until a matching card is available.
    • A Draw 2 card cannot be stacked on each other. House rules typically allow this to protect the player from drawing cards and punishes the next player with cumulative draws if they don't have a Draw 2 card. This is officially called "Progressive Uno".
    • In terms of adding rules to cards, there is the "Seven-O" variant: the 7 card swaps cards from another player, and the 0 card rotates all hands clockwise.
    • For faster rounds, the "Jump-In" variant allows out-of-turn players discard cards if they have the exact card as the discard pile in both number and color. Game then flows to the person next to the player who discarded the card.
  • Kick Them While They Are Down: Should the last discarded card in one's hand is a Draw card, the next player draws that many cards before ending the round. This adds bonus points to the winner (or the loser if playing with the alternative rules). The same applies for Dos for any double color match bonuses created in the winning turn.
  • Later Installment Weirdness: Coming from the multitude of Uno spin-offs and variants, cards in Dos can only match by number with color being a bonus. The sequel lacks any attacking cards; the only way for others to draw cards (and even then only one card) is to make the uncommon double color match. Also rounds go by much faster than Uno due to the multiple center piles and the color match benefits allowing to discard many cards at once rather than just one per turn.
  • Level Editor: Get Wild for Uno and Uno Wild Jackpot have erasable blank cards for adding new rules. The Swap Hands Wild card for the former game provides a physical example (the symbol has a pencil-drawn look).
  • Numbered Sequels: Played With. The sequel to Uno (One) is named Dos (Two). Uno retroactively becomes a Title 1 name.
  • Retraux: The 40th Anniversary Edition and Retro decks uses the 1971 design, with the latter deck using a different card back.
  • Second Place Is for Winners: Played for Laughs in Dos's packaging proclaiming itself as the "The World's #2 Card Game"... clarified as an "Unverified Statistic".
  • Spiritual Successor: To Crazy Eights. Apparently Uno was created because Merle Robbins and his son had an argument over the rules of Crazy Eights.
  • Themed Stock Board Game: Many licensed themes. Some differ from others by the inclusion of exclusive cards such as a Draw 3 or looking at another person's hand.
  • Title Scream:
    • Anytime you're down to one card. Or two cards when playing Dos.
    • In Uno Spin, when the wheel lands on the Uno Spin space, the first player to shout the title gets to discard a card.

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