Chunky Salsa Rule: Averted. Magical Girls can apparently regenerate from just a soul gem. But doing so uses a lot of magic and requires many Grief Cubes, so each MG has a clone of them made in case her body is destroyed, making thing easier and less magic consuming.
Mildly Military: Magical Girls are all commissioned officers with all the benefits and responsibilities that entails, but most elements of military discipline aren't enforced at all. Those that are practiced were for the most part already established before the Masquerade fell.
"I hope I never have to see any of my friends die. Or anyone, really."
Ryouko is a charmingly normal girl who happens to have a problem: everyone else is happy, but she isn't. While her classmates are fine living for the sake of living, Ryouko can't overcome that existential certainty that there has to be more to life. Naturally, she finds it as she contracts after a Demon attack. It turns out that Ryouko is intricately woven into the histories and power structures of the Magical Girls, both modern and ancient, and that her ability may be something beyond anyone's imagination. Where this will lead her is anyone's guess, as is how it came about to begin with.
Blood Knight: According to Kyouko. Her assessment at the end of Ch 19 shows that she still is one, and this bears fruit in Ch 26, when she breaks mission protocol in order to punch an armoured alien to death with her bare hands.
The Captain: She's promoted to Captain after her actions of banishing the reserve alien fleet back through the wormhole, leading to a major victory for mankind.
Celebrity Is Overrated: Her being a part of two powerful matriarchies gives her unwanted fame, And with her becoming the "Hero of Orpheus" her Mag Ops teammate Ying-zhi, who was in a similar situation in a past, warns her that it is about to get worse.
Chaste Hero: She doesn't seem very interested in romance at all, and gets incredibly flustered whenever anybody brings it up.
Children Are Innocent: She's very quick to assume that things are exactly how they seem, at least up to the point where she has a reason to doubt.
Teleporters and Transporters: Has the longest range of any teleporter in existence at 200km, but she needs some grief cubes immediately and is out of commission for some time afterwards. She is limited in that she can only teleport what she's touching and in order to teleport other objects, she has to teleport herself with them. Arrows shot by her arbalest are considered part of her if she chooses to attach strings to them, allowing her to teleport things "remotely".
This Looks Like a Job for Aquaman: Right around the time she becomes the longest-range teleporter by a huge margin, it turns out the military desperately needs someone like her for a critical mission. Her wish probably invoked this.The trope really hits hard after the collapsing wormhole amplifies her unique power, and lets her save the day by dumping the enemy reserve fleet back through the wormhole.
Wiki Walk: She explores the Directorate military with these.
"You know, we talk about being heroes and such, but I had no idea it was so tiring."
Always on Duty: Out of necessity; her position as the Field Marshal in charge of an entire sector means that she rarely gets time to herself. And now that she has been elected Chief of the General Staff, putting her in charge of the whole mankind military, she'll probably have even less spare time.
Beneath the Mask: Mami's smiling public persona covers a more jaded and angsty side.
Broken Ace: The pressure of being a Field Marshal and later Chief of General Staff, as well as the various shady businesses of questionable morality she had to do as an Executive of the MSY and leader of the Soul Guard during the past centuries put a lot of strain and guilt on her conscience. Chapter 18 reveals that she has recurrent nightmares of the people she felt she has failed and wronged in the past, and she mentions in chapter 30 that they are recently getting worse, to the point that she seriously ponders to seek a MHD shrink.
Four-Star Badass: The highest-ranking Magical Girl in the military. And since her election as Chief of General Staff in chapter 30, she's the highest-ranking member of the entire military.
Heroic Self-Deprecation: She is the de facto leader of all the Magical Girls since Homura's disappearance, one of the highest-ranking military of mankind and the highest ranking one since chapter 30, helped obtain important victories against the aliens that saved humanity from assured extermination, and is a source of inspiration for all the Magical Girls and girls aspiring to be one, yet deep down she's a mess of doubts and self-loathing, fearing that she might not be up to the task and able to deal with the pressure put on her shoulders, as well as feeling tremendous guilt for all the amoral things she had to do in the past to protect the Magical Girls while the masquerade was still in place, and how presently she has to inspire young girls into a life of fighting as Magical Girls to help with the war effort.
Hope Is Scary: Mami refuses to even consider anything having to do with the Cult of Hope, despite her inability to reject its claims.
You Killed My Father: Kyouko's sentiment against the main body Church, because their excommunication was the thing that had driven her father into Pater Familicide. She's silently spitting at them as they, still too proud to beg, "melding" the Cult into themselves and saying that the Cult is a lost lamb that they have to "call back".
Other members of the Mitakihara Four
"If it is your will that I suffer so, if this is what you truly want, then I will continue to protect this world. I swear it."
Long Range Fighter: Type II. She's an archer and a flyer, but by no means does that make her deficient in close combat.
Messianic Archetype: Even though the Cult of Hope only recognizes her as a prophet, the nebulous nature of their actual goddess leads to Homura receiving this level of attention. Then there's the "perpetual suffering in service of the world" thing.
Raised Catholic: In a Catholic orphanage. Nobody dared ask her what her beliefs were.
Sanity Slippage: The revelation that she can't die after the battle of New Athens left her considerably unhinged. Mami even comments that the events destroyed something within her. It doesn't help that it's explicitly stated that an high soul gem corruption directly affects the sanity of the Magical Girl...
The Spock: Of the original Power Trio, Homura was by far the most pragmatic and detail-oriented.
Time Stands Still: Her power in the Pre-Madoka Universe. Flash-backs implies that she still have it but never told the rest of the group, or that she got it back after her soul gem faded to black.
Survivor Guilt: Asaka didn't return under the best of circumstances. After the entire chain of command above her was killed in an alien attack, she was left in charge of the remaining human forces. She saved the colony by sending her best friend Alice on a Suicide Mission. To make matters worse, it was a a mental command. The credit for the victory goes to her, and with it a promotion to Brigadier General and a shiny new medal. Alice, on the other hand, is written off the report. You can't really blame her for being a bit messed up after all that.
Crisis of Faith: Grew disillusioned with Christianity, which from her point of view mostly consisted of isolationist conservatives, including her parents, with the only exception of the excommunicated priest who encouraged her to paint, until he was killed by the demons. Overlaps with in-universe Artist Disillusionment with her painting talents being constricted by stagnant church doctrine. When the Incubator came knocking, her wish was to find something to believe in again, which what got her into Church of Hope.
"If I wanted to be melodramatic, I'd say the tides of history are shifting."
One of the oldest magical girls to live, her wish makes her to be present during important historical events. Heavily implied, and later confirmed by Word of God, to be the Magical Girl that became Walpurgisnacht in Pre-Madoka universe.
Minor Major Character: Sayaka. She barely gets mentioned in history and the Very Loosely Based on a True Story movie retelling about the Mitakihara's magical girls' story, her existence is almost unknown, and her portrayal is somewhat lacking for someone who is one of the main character of mother series, even though she was acknowledged as one of the original Mitakihara Four, the (officially documented) main reason of Homura's sudden personality change and her famous obsession of her Goddess, and (Mitakihara Four restricted information) Kyouko's heartbrokenrebound sexes. Justified because she doesn't survive long enough for her name to be famous.
Ryouko's mother. She wants her daughter to stay out of trouble, namely by keeping her from becoming a Magical Girl by any means necessary, including sabotaging the family's funds until Ryouko was past contracting age to lower the chance. She's also a true former Magical Girl, in that she has absolutely no powers anymore. Her experiences as a Magical Girl lead her to start a project the ultimately resulted in clones of each girl being created in case one loses her body but her soul gem is ok.
Dark and Troubled Past: Was not ready for the responsibility of being a Magical Girl and fighting Demons at all. She ends up getting her body destroyed when her sister gets involved on a hunt. Said past is part of what drives her motives to keep Ryouko from becoming one.
Good Parents: Can seem a bit overbearing at times, but she genuinely loves her daughter and has many good reasons to be a bit upset at how things turned out.
Well-Intentioned Extremist: Arguably. She goes to an extreme length to prevent Ryouko from contracting, not to mention the entire clone project...
"Nothing but the best for my daughter, after all."
Ryouko's father. Shares the same goals as his wife in that he does not want his daughter to form a contract.
Good Parents: He may be a bit awkward even at the best of times, but he cares for Ryouko deeply. Even hooking her up with a high-level military prototype implant.
"On this planet, Ryouko is practically all I still care about."
Ryouko's grandfather. Lives with his daughter and her husband.
Badass In Charge: As one of the youngest members of the General Staff, he earned his reputation on the front lines.
Home Guard: Started out as an officer in a militia of the unremarkable colony planet Bismark on the fringe of the front, deemed not important enough to spend resources to either defend it or conquer it by both sides. When the aliens had a spare force to throw, they sent them to Bismark, and the hastily created militia hold out for months before the aliens relocated to somewhere more important. Erwynmark's performance caught someone's eye from the high up, and the rest is history.
Took a Level in Kindness: Possibly. Most of the younger Magical Girls think of Kyubey as friendly. Mami supposes that this is because they don't have the context of the Incubators' highly amoral past to work off of.
not to mention that probably only Homura knows exactly what all happened in the past before Madoka changed the magical girl system with him.
"They massacred millions for incomprehensible goals, cthuloid monstrosities striking fear and panic throughout the colony worlds, and even on Earth itself."
Divine Intervention: Does not interfere directly, but has shown herself before Ryouko to provide valuable information to act upon, which is quite a distinct case compared to usual nebulous visions that other faithful occasionally get.
Hot God: Sadly, only Homura ever gets to appreciate this. Everyone else is left pontificating over her possible hair color. Ryouko saw her in a vision in perfect clarity. Twice.