The Destiny has physical wings that can briefly sprout a pair of red/pink energy wings◊. Aside from granting greater mobility, the energy wings also leave behind vibrant after-images that confuse eyes and sensors alike but guzzle power at an accelerated rate.
The 0 Gundam has a pair of seraphic wings in the first episode; Word of God states that the "wings" are formed from massive GN Particleleakage. Why this would look like seraphic wings? Probably because angels are a central theme to the series.
The Throne Drei from the same series spreads false GN particles as an extremely effective form of chaff. What isn't justified is the emitters being arranged in such a way that the particle burst resembles a massive phoenix◊. The 00 Raiser gets its own version with Trans-Am Burst◊.
And while Nanoha herself doesn't do this, her staff Raising Heart does, the number and size of the wings it sprouts for any given spell are a good rough indicator of just how much someone's going to get hurt. Subaru's Mach Caliber has Gear Excellion, which is a blue version of Nanoha's and she uses it against her older sister Ginga, who's been Brainwashed by Scaglietti as a Number.
Sailor Moon has wings during her second transformation; for about 3 seconds before they disappear in a burst of feathers.
She also has wings on her Eternal fuku, but these appear to be purely decorative along with her Frilly Upgrade. Later on, when it's time for the final battle, she grows real wings. Her opponent, Sailor Galaxia, slightly subverts this trope and grows demon wings.
In the manga, every soldier can grow wings and fly in space, apparently. Moon, ChibiChibi, the Starlights, and Kakyuu at least do. I can't remember if the Sol senshi do at any point.
Tenchi Muyo!, where Tenchi and Juraian warships have the Light Hawk Wings.
Much like kitsune mythology, the number of Light Hawk Wings shows how much power one has up to nine wings. Three is the highest a mortal can possess; ten wings are worn by gods and goddesses. Tenchi's not mortal, as the final (current) episode of the OVA shows that Tenchi's now sporting five of those things. Ryoko (as the daughter of a goddess) will also be able to have ten of them when she reaches full maturity (if Tenchi gives her back her other two power gems, that is), but given that she hasn't done so yet after 5000 years, who knows how long that will take.
In the Trigun anime finale, Vash's and Knives' AngelArms are unleashed to the maximum level, and spontaneously sprout wings.
Very common in the Pretty Cure franchise: Since Fresh Pretty Cure!, every movie features the lead Cure getting an upgrade with wings which later appear in the final of each TV series, but that said upgrade includes the entire group.
In the first Yes! Pretty Cure 5 movie, the team becomes Super Precure 5 and grows butterfly wings as shown in the picture above. In the second, the leader becomes Shining Cure Dream, with feathery wings. The butterfly wings appear in the final of Yes! 5 GoGo again.
In Fresh Pretty Cure! the, Cure Peach becomes Cure Angel with angel wings in the final of the series, everyone becomes Cure Angel.
Averted in Heartcatch Pretty Cure, where the the wings of their Super Mode are already featured before the movie was aired and the ultimate upgrade in the series is something completely different.
In Suite Pretty Cure ♪ movie, Cure Melody becomes Cure Crescendo Melody with two pairs of golden wings. The group gets this upgrade later in the final.
In Smile Pretty Cure movie, Cure Happy becomes Ultra Cure Happy, the group gets the Ultra upgrade in the final. However, Ultra Cure Happy's wings are much larger in the movie than in the series.
The Divine Cloths of the Saints in Saint Seiya are more powerful and winged versions of their normal armours.
No need to go as far as that. Every single time (particularly in the movies) Seiya's Cosmo burns bright enough to make him a real threat to the latest Big Bad, he somehow summons the Sagittarius armor to him to replace the Pegasus Cloth. The wings, golden halo, and bow and arrow seem designed to inspire an angelic symbolism.
To Aru Majutsu no Index provides a clear example of people who has started to reach the capability to understand the path of Heaven and God's will.
Unit 01 and Shinji gain wings of pure energy when exiting the Geofront explosively, giving it a Seraph-like appearance. Except it doesn't really help, as he finds outside the reason why he fought—the last person who he thought alive who he cared about/loved/????—turns out to have been EATEN.( Asuka.) Poor bastard never gets a break.
For all the Power tropes simultaneously exhibited, the first thing Eva-01 does is become more helpless than it was the entire series.
Unit 01 also sprouts six energy wings in the opening, even tho that never occurs in the show itself (until the movie, anyway).
Also, Adam sprouted quite a few wings...probably six too, before it initiated Second Impact, wiping out half of humanity and messing up the World's Ecosystem permanently.
A more straight example appears in Rebuild of Evangelion after Eva-01 merges with Rei and the remains of Zeruel (who had been given a very epic ass-kicking from Shinji) and grows wings of energy.
Note that this almost causes the Third Impact, if it hadn't been for Kaworu turning EVA-01 off. Apparently, in Evangelion, wings forewarn a large-scale disaster...
Fanfic writers really like this trope in general, such as in the fic True Angel by Innortal, where Shinji has power that manifests retractible wings, which happen to be somewhat contagious, thus a power spike ends with several hundred random people getting their own wings.
Rin Asougi in Mnemosyne sprouts a pinkish-white pair of wings after becoming the new Guardian of Yggdrasil. It may be interesting to mention that there are "normal" Winged Humanoids (appropriately called "angels") in the series but their wings are bloody red in color.
In Shugo Chara!, Amu and Utau's most powerful forms - Amulet Diamond and Seraphic Charm - both have very large wings that enable them to fly in pretty formations. Utau's prove useful, as the feathers purify all the X-Eggs in the area.
Both Yayois in Koi Koi 7, who have wings in white and black, respectively. The pink-haired Yayoi made a Diving Save with hers, and the silver-haired Yayoi's wings were mostly limited to the OP to show that she meant trouble.
Wings are very prominent in Sekirei, where a kiss from an Ashikabi is required to "wing" a Sekirei, granting them greater power. More a case of "wings give you power", but still a good example.
Ginjo gets some weird-ass dragonfly wings when he unleashes his full power. The anime made them bright pink.
Kaoru from Zettai Karen Children gets angel wings when she faces off against one of Mio's clones combined with a bulldozer. The show's second opening theme is titled "MY WINGS", and plays up the wing symbolism further by showing the entire trio with wings.
In Shakugan no Shana, Shana sprouts flaming wings during her second fight against Margery Daw.
In the "Rescue Sasuke" arc of Naruto, Chouji uses a number of food pills during a battle to give him power boosts. The third one instantly converts all his body fat into chakra, which blaze from his back like glowing blue butterfly wings (Chouji means "butterfly"). He is later able to summon the chakra wings without taking the red pill.
Also Sasuke's Curse Seal Level Two, though instead of being angelic they're more of a cross between bat wings and webbed hands◊, and he can't fly, just glide and use them as shields.
Many MANY Shoujo related stuff. They may not always keep the wings, but the wings will always show up in their Magical Girl transformation or something. And of course, wings are decorated on their accessories, weapons, and battle outfits as well.
When Griffith becomes a Godhand at the end of Berserk, he takes on a rather sleek demonic form with batlike Cape Wings known as Femto.
When Minami Ikki discovers the wing road and later on the storm road, his motif is often depicted as a set of wings. He can also literally summon a pair of wings from his Air Treks whenever he enters the Wing road.
All spirits in the world of Shinkyoku Soukai Polyphonica have wings by default; the more they have, the more powerful they are. A great majority of them are two-winged, but one of the most powerful, Corti, has six.
Both Ameri and Yumina receive wings during the course of events in Tayutama. Yumina's wings are angelic and golden, so they're clearly good. Ameri's are dragonlike and black, so they are clearly bad.
Nodoka of Saki, when she's channeling the Nodocchi personality that allowed her to become the top online Mahjong player, will be depicted as sprouting wings from her back.
It's probably easier to name the Digimon who don't get wings (or at least some form of flight) as they reach their highest levels of power. Though Digimon does have a bit of a trend that the more wings you have, the more powerful you are. Example; Angemon, (six wings), Magnaangemon (eight wings), and Seraphimon, (ten wings)
The Crusniks in Trinity Blood sprout wings in their more powerful forms.
Maka from Soul Eater demonstrates her new-found power (special 'Grigori' soul plus Death Scythe partner) by producing wings on Soul for them to fly with. Cute but unimpressive at first, Soul Resonance transforms them into large, angelic ones.
They were only cute and unimpressive because Maka demanded cute wings. She later grows out of that line of thinking.
It was also down to her and Soul disagreeing on the image of wings. Maka wanted 'cute angel', Soul could not imagine 'angelic' in relation to Maka, and the conflict makes them crash. The compromise resulted in the little wings they got when flying with Kim. As per usual, their mutual feeling and badassery allowed them to up the ante to fight Gopher. As with the black blood, the rather cool wings shown in that fight might well end up the norm.
Much earlier on, the result of consuming the souls collected by Nidhogg enables Crona and Ragnarok to grow wings. Kid appropriately calls them the "black dragon".
Hiro grows a pair of wings made of light while holding Excalibur.
Gopher's own grigori soul allows him to grow wings (though not physical ones) to fly, but unlike Maka's they are black which she puts down to magic, presumably Noah's influence.
The Fly card in Cardcaptor Sakura initially causes wings to grow on Sakura's sealing staff, which she then can ride like a Flying Broomstick. But early in the Sakura Card arc, she changes the card to instead grow wings on her back, letting her fly alone and leaving the staff free to be used with the Sword card.Kero is completely astonished that she was capable of this.
Violinist of Hameln: Hamel sprouts wings while delivering the final blow to Kestra. It was the first time his angel blood showed. The wings disappear soon after.
In Saint Beast, all angels have wings, but most can't use them. Among the characters that can, however, are Rey, who gets functional wings bestowed on him at the Day of Benediction ceremony as mediated sort of power-up, and Luca an Amnesiac God, whose wings appear under duress.
In GaoGaiGar, both J-Der and King J-Der have a utility called Plasma Wing. It basically gives the mecha 10 peacock-tailfeather-shaped wings, that allow them to travel much faster, and are fueled by raw determination. King J-Der only uses its Plasma Wings once, however, as part of its special attack, J-Phoenix, where it sets itself on fire and rams the enemy.
It can be argued that this also applies with the Genesic Machines. While both GaoGaiGar and Gao Figh Gar had wings in the form of Stealth Gao, Genesic GaoGaiGar also gets a set of wings, that are actually alive and sentient, in the form of Gadget Gao. More along the lines of Rule of Cool, as the wings aren't big enough to lift the mech, yet it still works.
The Thriller Bark arc of One Piece had Robin showcasing a power where she can use her Hana Hana abilities to makes wings. The downside is that she can only stay in the air for five seconds. The wings are made of body parts after all.
Prétear, Pretear's final form White Pretear has huge translucent butterfly wings.
In a more comedic example, England from Axis Powers Hetalia grows a pair of white, feathery wings in his Britannia Angel form.
Subverted in Battle Angel Alita: Last Order. In the ZOTT Finals, Alita grows a pair of enormous, angel-like wings with damascus blades instead of feathers, which seem to hamper her more than anything else. Her actual thoughts shortly after growing them? "Seriously though, what's with these wings?! They're in the way! Why did I grow them in the first place?"
Once they turn into their mecha forms, the Mashin of Magic Knight Rayearth each have enormous wings based on their animal forms. Selece has draconic wings, Windam has bird wings, and Rayearth the wolf has fire wings. Oh, and in Part II of the manga, Mokona gains angelic wings when it reveals itself to be the Creator.
Peter David's Supergirl series had the heroine become an "Earth Born Angel" with Flaming Wings. However, she already had the ability to fly.
In Empowered, Emp's Die or Fly-instigated uber-power-boost is accompanied by the appearance of temporary Energy Wings.
In Neil Gaiman and Terry Pratchett's Good Omens when Crowley and Aziraphale take the side of the Antichrist in preventing The Apocalypse, they decide it's pointless hiding their wings anymore. In a subversion of the devil wings trope, Crowley also has feathered wings; after all, he may be Fallen, but he's still an Angel.
Kerry Ellison, in the Whateley Universe. Well, her codename is Seraphim, so it's not exactly a big surprise. Slightly subverted in that the first time she manifests her angelic wings she flaps around and can't fly straight until she gets used to them..
In James Swallow's Warhammer 40,000 novel ''Deus Encarmine'' and ''Deus Sanguinius'', Arkio grows wings — although in this case, it also makes him look like their primarch reborn, as Sanguinius had wings. Later, after the Chaos taint that had made Arkio like that was revealed, Rafen fights the demon behind it. For a moment, while wielding the power of the Spear of Telesto, he takes on the appearance of Sanguinius, complete with wings.
In Sabbat Martyr, the eponymous Saint's reincarnation is shown charging into battle with giant, glowing, ethereal green wings. They don't appear to be functional, but they form the shape of the Imperial Aquila, serving as a sort of battle standard. They get even bigger when she kills Enok Innokenti, too.
In Accel World, Haruyuki's Avatar Silver Crow is the first Flying Avatar in the Accel World. His "basic" moves — punch and kick — are actually special moves — flying punch and flying kick.
Played with in Ninja Sentai Kakuranger and the third season of Mighty Morphin' Power Rangers, where Tsubasamaru/the Falconzord can add wings to Kakure Daishogun/the Ninja Megazord, but not Muteki Shogun/the Shogun Megazord, where it forms laser cannons instead.
Kamen Rider Den-O's Wing form. While the wings are only on display for a second during the transformation, the form is indeed more powerful than Ryotaro's four default forms. This trope really comes into play when Sieg attaches to Climax Form, granting Ryotaro an actual pair of wings based on his mask.
These could also be interpreted as five extra scarves, to go with the one from the Cyclone Memory.
Kamen Rider OOO has animal-themed forms, and surprise surprise, the most powerful of the basic forms is the bird-themed one. He also gets wings as part of the actual Super Mode, a dinosaur form (courtesy of the pterodactyl part of that form).
The final episode of GARO has the titular character growing wings on his armour to fight Meisha. (In a slight subversion, he then engages in a fight with an even more powerful foe after being Brought Down to Normal and holds his own perfectly well.)
Super Rescue Max in Tomica Hero Rescue Force. It's basically the same as Rescue Max, except now it has wings built into it. It's surprisingly fast and agile.
In Dungeons & Dragons, Favored Souls grow a pair of wings at higher levels, as do Dragon Disciples
Although bizzarely natural half-dragons do not get wings unless they are size category large or bigger.
But in 4th ed dragonborn can at level 11.
The Greater Visage Of The Deity spell in 3rd Edition allowed you to take the half-celestial/fiend template, which would give wingless characters wings.
The Legend System has this as a feat starting at level 9 and an ability for several tracks.
In Star Ocean: Till the End of Time when Fayt manifests his power of Destruction and blows up a Vendeeni battleship, he temporarily grows white, glowing wings for no readily apparent reason. He also has them when he uses his "Ethereal Blast" attack.
In Xenogears, the Red Gear piloted by Id has wings of green light, with yellow feathery projections. They become more brilliant as the engine coil warms up.
The Omnigears, augmented versions of the heroes' typical Gears, all have wings.
And of course, the Xenogears itself, which is just the evolved form of Id's Red Gear.
The explanation is that the wings are really just the superheated exhaust coming from the gear.
In other Compilation entries, Sephiroth has 1 black wing on his right, Genesis has a bigger black wing on his left, & Angeal has 2 white wings on his right.
Rinoa's "Angel Wing" Limit Break in Final Fantasy VIII, which provides her with exactly what it says and a heightened magical power. It should also be noted that Rinoa is a Sorceress, and of the three besides Rinoa seen in the game, two of them also have wings, and the third one has two strips of fabric extending from her back that kinda look like wings.
Two decorative wings on Eiko's back grow to more realistic proportions during her Limit Break.
Seymour in Final Fantasy X sprouts wings as he grows in power during the course of the game. Jecht sprouts wings in the second part of the final battle.
In Final Fantasy XII, when Vayne goes One-Winged Angel in the final battle, he turns into a mechanical version of the iconic summon Bahamut, complete with giant steel wings.
Angels in Tales of Symphonia. Also renegade angels. And Colette, when she was turning into an angel. And Lloyd near the end, because he's just that much of a messiah.
Some Pokémon gain wings and the Flying type upon reaching their last evolution. Notably Charizard, Dragonite and Salamence.
Also many Bug types—Beautifly, Butterfree, Mothim, Masquerain, ect...unfortunately, aside from maybe Masquerain, none of these are particularly powerful like the examples mentioned above. Generation five did give us Larvesta, a bug who you could equate with power causing wing growth but it is not a flying type. It does learn many flying moves after evolution though.
Trapinch gains wings and the Flying type Levitation ability, because it also gains the Dragon type when it evolves into Vibrava. This is different because Vibrava is not the final form.
Similarly, Deino from Black and White gains a pair of wings upon evolving into a Zweilous. However, a Zweilous can't use its wings for flying until it becomes a Hydreigon where it has six wings and levitate as its ability.
Achaea characters have the option of transforming into a dragon on reaching level 99. Wings, talons and really bad breath included.
Mario in Super Mario 64 has the Wing cap, which has little wings on it. The power part comes at the end after beating the last boss. When Bowser is defeated he drops the last Power Star, and upon picking it the Wing cap appears automatically on Mario.
Yoshi's final smash in Super Smash Bros. Brawl mostly revolves around him growing wings and just going nuts on the other characters. This is based off a pair of power ups from Super Mario World, one of which is called "Yoshi's Wings".
In Valkyrie Profile, the animation for Valkyrie's super attack includes luminescent wings sprouting from her back.
Continued in Valkyrie Profile 2 Silmeria for all three valkyries. Alicia starts doing this when her super attack upgrades. Finally, there's the one true valkyrie, who sprouts SIX wings in her version of Nibelung Valesti. One set for each vakyrie.
In Twinkle Star Sprites, Princess Sprites, Ran's powered-up older self, has pixie wings. Possibly justified, since Ran's mother Memory also has wings.
The Bad Ending of Disgaea 2 has Adell grow a pair of huge black wings after he's possessed by Overlord Xenon.
Ernst in Ys: The Ark of Napishtim grows black feathery wings. Considering his goal was to gain the power of the Winged Gods, this should hardly be surprising. Also from the same game Adol Cristin temporarily sprouts white feathered wings.
World of Warcraft has a Paladin ability, Avenging Wrath, that temporarily boosts all damage and causes the user to sprout a halo and golden wings of light.
With the new expansion it now boosts damage and healing.
And let's not forget some of the armor sets that boast wings of varying levels of solidity as part of their shoulder pieces. Priests in particular seem to get this effect, although Warlocks have the best by far in a set that randomly and temporarily sprouts an enormous set of demonic bat wings.
Wildheart Spaulders, the classic dungeon 1 set of druid shoulders, had birds perched on them, their wings stretching to the sky. Big birds.
Warlocks who specialize in Demonology have a "Demon Form" they can shift into for a short time. In this form, they appear as a black goat-hooved demon ... with wings.
As of the Cataclysm expansion, priests also have a spell that gives them wings and a temporary bonus to spells in correspondance to the magic they specialize in - "Archangel" with bright wings and a healing bonus for smiting priests, and "Dark Archangel" with black wings and a damage bonus for shadow priests.
Castlevania: Dawn of Sorrow's Soma Cruz, while utilizing the soul of a flying humanoid, will sprout huge wings, twice his own size. The extent of this newfound wingspan is making him smarter and luckier.
When Marisa Kirisame and Yuuka Kazami appeared in the Seihou series (a sort of sister series to Touhou), they both had a pair of wings. Yuuka's were green, befitting her power over flowers, while Marisa had angel wings. Fanon has generally decided that this trope applies to both of them when they're going all out — which may be supported by the games themselves: Yuuka only has wings when she's performing an attack, while Marisa in Seihou is the first boss of the Extra stage. Fanon also tends to depict Yuuka's wings as made out of leaves.
Melissa also subverts this trend: When using her rage bullet, she literally uses her wings to materialize all the massive shrapnel and energy beams, and appears without them for as long as the attack is active.
Invoked in Arc the Lad: Twilight of the Spirits, but as a Zigzagging Trope. Kharg gains the ability to learn magic early in the game, but doesn't know why; when it's revealed later in the game that his magic is a result of his Half-Deimos lineage, the shock causes him to grow a pair of wings, which he rips from his back in disgust, so he's both a justified case and an avertion. His brother Darc is an inversion; he begins the game with wings and spellcasting abilities, but shortly after his wings are torn off, he finds a human sword and decides to incorporate human martial arts into his fighting style.
Super Robot Wars 64 has the Simurgh Splendid, created from the combination of the Simurgh and the Elblus.
In Street Fighter III: Third Strike, Gill has a screen-filling super (called "Ascencion" or "Seraphic Wing" depending on who you listen to) during which he briefly is shown with three pairs of wings. Not surprisingly, this is the most universally loathed super in the game.
Siter Skain's The Tale of ALLTYNEX: Any machine containing a ZODIAC core will get a set of energy wings (green at lower levels, then yellow at maximum power). This includes the player's ship at one point.
These games are also largely responsible for the same style of wings appearing all over the place in Fraxy, after Eboshidori made several Siter Skain-inspired bosses.
Angels in Diablo have wings made of energy tentacles.
In Champions Online, one of the Celestial powers (I want to say Ascension) is a short-duration buff that, amongst other things, gives the player wings of glowing energy and the ability to fly briefly.
A sufficiently powerful character in Fable III will gain a luminous, transparent pair of wings, which show up when an attack is charging.
In The Legend of Dragoon, those who gain the power of a dragon and become a Dragoon grow wings when they transform, though these can't be used to fly except in cutscenes. The Divine Dragoon, strongest of them, has multiple pairs of wings.
Kahu in Jade Cocoon 2 gets a pair of wings when Elrihm the Forest God declares him The Chosen Oneand sends him to do battle with Levant and Lilith.
Galaxy Angel the emblem frames gain wings when the Halo system (based on the pilot's emotional state) reaches 100%. This gives them a huge boost of power.
In Dante's Inferno, Dante can activate an ability called "Holy armour", which gives him invincibility and health regeneration over thirty seconds, giving him two wing-shaped beam things on his shoulder blades.
They don't do anything, really, but some theories think that either the wings themselves are what give Dante his protection from Hellspawn, or they act as vents to prevent Dante from blowing up from the sheer Holy power.
In the PSN/XBLA title Moon Diver, each of the characters gain a pair of energy wings when a special technique is used.
In Aion, we have the Daevas (who are basically angels by another name). Humans can become Daevas, gaining Immortality, wings and other nifty powers in the process.
Zone of the Enders has Anubis, with six massive wings. In an anime spinoff, they open up to absorb projectiles into subspace and redirect them back to their enemies.
In The 2nd Runner, the wings become disembodied, held to the frame only by streams of data-like energy which is only visible when the lines flash along the frame. The also exhibit a red burst when open to contrast Jehuty's blue.
Additionally, there is a boss fight involving a weaker duplicate of Anubis that lacks the wings to further lampshade the trope.
Jehuty can also qualify as well. While the physical wings are quite small, the energy they produce is easily half the size of the frame itself when greater speed is demanded and its color changes as it evolves, going from blue for the whole of the first game, to bright green near the end of the game and white for the final battle
The anime adaptation, Dolores i features Hathor, an armless machine that does its physical fighting with the large featureless wings growing from its feet. When it absorbs the conrol program from Dolores, it grows arms and its wings become more detailed and flare out to feature crystalline feathers not unlike its predecessor, Idolo.
In the first Borderlands game, some of Lilith's better class abilities give her wings. This extends to Borderlands 2, where her wings and fire abilities have caused some bandits to start worshiping her as the Firehawk. Both other Sirens featured in the game also get wings at high level.
In Jak III, Light Eco gives Jak glowing tentacle-like wings similar to the angels of the Diablo series.
Zerglings in StarCraft II gain wings when they receive their speed upgrade. While they don't gain flight, their animations show them flapping and taking short hops as they run.
In DevilBear, the Daivas have wings made entirely out of (infrared?) light.
In Goblins, Maglubiyet the Goblin deity marks his chosen ones with wings at birth, and each is destined to become a great leader amongst the Goblins; Duv the White Terror, leader of the Viper clan, currently holds that honour.
In Alien Dice, Lexx gains wings after leveling up. One of them is immediately bitten off by a giant alien monster. Disappointing, but this did save him from being eaten completely (and it grows back later).