Curtis and Poitier are John "Joker" Williams and Noah Cullen, two convicts who are among a group of prisoners being transferred by truck. When the truck crashes, Noah and Joker make their escape, which is made more difficult by the fact that they're chained to each other. Noah and Joker go cross-country together while Sheriff Max Muller leads a posse in pursuit.
Trope Codifier for the Chained Heat genre. Received eight Academy Award nominations—Poitier's Best Actor nomination was the first ever given to a black actor. Has been remade many times, including with a Gender Flip as Exploitation Film Black Mama, White Mama.
The Defiant Tropes:
- Book-Ends: Noah singing the same spiritual at the beginning and the end.
- Blackface: In-Universe, it is done out of necessity, to conceal Joker's pale skin when he and Noah are trying to break into a general store.
- Chained Heat: Not the first film to use this trope—it pops up in the Alfred Hitchcock version of The 39 Steps—but the one that made it famous.
- Creator Cameo: Co-screewriters Nedrick Young and Harold Smith appeared as the drivers of the prison van in the opening scene. Their names pop up in the credits right under their faces in the scene. This was because Young was blacklisted and writing under a pseudonym, and Stanley Kramer wanted him properly credited. (The blacklist lasted until Dalton Trumbo was credited under his own name for Spartacus in 1960.)
- Creepy Crows: A creepy raven gives a scary squawk as Joker and Noah are trying to sneak into the general store.
- Cuffs Off, Rub Wrists: Maybe justified when it's shackles instead of cuffs, and when your wrist has gotten infected from the scraping.
- Downer Ending: Joker and Noah are captured.
- Have a Gay Old Time: Billy's mom describes her poster as "a scene of gay revelry at the Mardi Gras in old New Orleans".
- Letting Her Hair Down: If the carnivorous glances that Billy's mom was shooting at Joker weren't enough of a mating signal, she makes it even more obvious by unpinning her hair.
- No Name Given: Billy's mother, the sexy abandoned farmer's wife who sleeps with Joker, is never named.
- N-Word Privileges: Joker does not have them, which is what starts the fight in the prisoner transport truck, which is what leads to the crash and their escape.
- Salt and Pepper: Probably the Trope Codifier for this trope as well, as white Joker and black Noah are stuck with each other, eventually forming a mutual respect.
- Sexy Discretion Shot: The camera pans away as Billy's mom crawls into bed with Joker.
- Sleep Cute: With a very strong dose of Ho Yay, as Joker wakes up after a night in the rain and is startled to find Noah snuggled up next to him.
- Soft Glass: Joker and Noah jump through a glass window, and emerge without a scratch.
- Spiteful Spit: Noah does this to a redneck who is about to lynch him and Joker.
- What You Are in the Dark: Billy's mom casually admits that the swamp she sent Noah into is a death trap—she is afraid that he will rat them out. Joker has the opportunity to run away with Billy's mother, escaping in her car to certain freedom. Instead, he abandons her and goes into the swamp to save Noah.