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Theatre / Damn Yankees

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"So what the heck's the use of cryin'?
Why should we curse?
We've gotta get better
'Cause we can't get worse!"
— "Heart"

Damn Yankees is a 1955 musical written by George Abbott and Douglass Wallop, based on Wallop's novel The Year the Yankees Lost the Pennant, with music and lyrics by Richard Adler and Jerry Ross (who also wrote The Pajama Game).

The plot is a retelling of the classic legend of Faust set in 1950s Washington, D.C. It begins with the forty-something Joe Boyd at home one evening, watching the Washington Senators lose to the Yankees on television while ignoring his wife Meg. When she eventually retires and he continues reflecting on the Senators, a mysterious gentleman suddenly appears to him, introducing himself as Applegate. Applegate offers Joe the fulfillment of his dreams, not only to have his favorite Senators win the pennant, but to lead them to the championship himself. Joe is a real-estate man, and knows a deal when he sees one. After leaving a note for his wife, he leaves his house suddenly twenty years younger.


The Washington Senators are still cursing their losing streak when Applegate introduces them to his young protegé Joe Hardy, and persuades them to let him practice. They are astounded by his batting and fielding power. Their manager, Mr. Van Buren, remains mystified about his background, but signs him up anyway. He is dubbed "Shoeless Joe from Hannibal, Mo." by reporter Gloria Thorpe, and his fame and career seem assured.

Not content with being a successful baseball player, Joe grows homesick and decides to rents a room at his own house. This infuriates Applegate, who absolutely distrusts domesticity and calls in his top home-wrecker, Lola, to seduce Joe with what she calls "the standard vampire treatment." But Joe prefers the company of his wife, who hardly recognizes him as her lost husband.


Applegate plots to spoil Joe's career by scandal, and spreads through Gloria a rumor that "Joe Hardy," whom nobody in Hannibal seems to know, might actually be a Mexican League player who took a bribe to throw a game. The Commissioner calls for a hearing, and a celebration being held in Joe's honor is interrupted. Joe will be unable to play until he clears himself.

As the hearings drag on through the second-to-last day of the season, Joe almost comes to exercising his escape clause and thereby redeeming his soul, when Meg and her friends rush into court and testify that they knew Joe Hardy as a boy in his hometown. Lola, having fallen out of Applegate's favor, comforts the vindicated but dejected Joe, and confides to him that she's as much of a lost soul as he is now.

The next day, Washington is leading New York four to three. Applegate, more determined than ever to make Joe lose, uses his powers to turn Joe back into his old self while he is racing to catch a ball in the outfield. Joe miraculously manages to catch the ball, securing victory for the Senators, but as the champions celebrate, Joe Hardy is nowhere to be found. He is, of course, Joe Boyd once again, and free to return to his wife's lonely arms. As Joe and Meg embrace and sing, Applegate appears again, promising him forgiveness and offers him a second chance to be a baseball hero, but his pleas fall on deaf ears.

A 1958 film version, starring Tab Hunter, was produced by Warner Bros.. It varies slightly from the original plot but kept original choreographer Bob Fosse and most of the original cast, including Gwen Verdon as Lola, Ray Walston as Applegate and Shannon Bolin as Meg.

Includes examples of:

  • All Musicals Are Adaptations
  • Beauty to Beast: Lola was once the ugliest woman in Providence, Rhode Island, before Applegate turned her into a vamp. He punishes her for rebelling against him by changing her back temporarily.
  • Chaste Hero: Joe. Monogamous, anyway.
  • Crowd Song: Anything sung by the baseball team: "Heart", "Shoeless Joe", "The Game"
  • Deal with the Devil
  • The Devil: Applegate
  • Devil in Disguise: Applegate. Referencing, of course, that particular apple, the first temptation of man; Lola is one of his newer ones.
    Joe: Who are you?
    Applegate: I am quite a famous character, Mr. Boyd. I have historical significance, too. In fact, I'm responsible for most of the history you can name.
    (Later, a passing stranger asks him, "Are you anybody?" He replies, "Not a soul.")
  • Fourth Date Marriage:
    Meg: When we met in 1938/It was November/When I said that I would be his mate/It was December
  • George Washington Slept Here: It mentions this in Lola's song "A Little Brains—A Little Talent," in a joke that had to be Bowdlerised out of the film version:
    You've seen the sign that says George Washington once slept here,
    Well tho' nobody spied him
    Guess who was beside him?
  • "I Am" Song: "A Little Brains, a Little Talent" for Lola
  • Intrepid Reporter: Gloria Thorpe
  • Large Ham: Applegate
  • Louis Cypher: Applegate
  • Non-Indicative Name: The story, which is focused on a fan of the Washington Senators making a Deal with the Devil to make him a star to help them win the League Pennant, is named Damn Yankees.
  • Pep-Talk Song: "Heart"
  • Sarcastic Clapping: Applegate mocks Lola's failure to seduce Joe.
  • Seduction-Proof Marriage: Joe manages to resist Lola's best efforts at vamping him and stays as close as he can to the wife who no longer recognizes him after his transformation into a young baseball hero. His fidelity infuriates Applegate, to whom wives are "more trouble than the Methodist Church."
  • Speak of the Devil: "I'd sell my soul for one long ball hitter." Cue eerie music and Applegate's entrance.
  • Sports Widow: Meg laments that she loses her husband to the Washington Senators "six months out of every year." Her voice is joined by a chorus of other baseball widows (and their umpire-berating husbands).
  • Suspiciously Specific Denial
    Applegate:If you're referring to the rumor that in reality he is Shifty McCoy, I deny it emphatically.
  • Those Two Girls: Sister and Doris Miller.
  • The Vamp: Lola
  • Villain Love Song: "Whatever Lola Wants"
  • Villain Song: "Those Were the Good Old Days," in which Applegate recalls the days when doing evil was easy.
  • "The Villain Sucks" Song: about the titular Yankees, because baseball is Serious Business
  • When the Clock Strikes Twelve: Subverted. Although Joe originally suggests that he be given until midnight on the twenty-fourth of September to exercise his escape clause, Applegate pushes it to "a more civil nine o'clock."
  • Writing Lines: An oral variant. Applegate punishes Lola for her conscientious failure to seduce Joe by asking her to repeat "Never feel sorry for anybody" one hundred times. She repeats the line, but with no show of penitence.
  • You Can Leave Your Hat On: Lola does a striptease while seducing Joe Hardy in "Whatever Lola Wants." Or while trying to seduce him, anyway.