A once popular format in which to present a cartoon show. The half hour, 22 minutes of program time, is used to show three six-minute short cartoons. The remaining time is used for short framing segments or one-minute gags.
Many shows follow an A-B-A form for this format, meaning one series has a short in the first slot and in the last. This "A" series is generally the one that gives the whole show its name. The middle slot is filled by a second "B" series, that may or may not get billing in the Title Sequence. The "B" series is often in the same universe as the "A" series, and the two can often Crossover, with the virtue that everyone who has seen the one will almost inevitably see the other. Hanna-Barbera liked this format for its Cartoon Network original shows, and many of its older productions.
This form has some advantages. The short episodes are easier to produce in parallel, since writing and animation tasks can be farmed out to a bigger staff, resulting in higher productivity. This, and carrying a comedic story for 22 minutes can be tricky. A six-minute short doesn't give the premise of a joke enough time to run out of steam.
This is different from an Animated Anthology, in that a specific two or three series are used, and both are made new for this format. Animated Anthologies have widely variable structures within a given episode, while Three Shorts shows are usually locked into the exact form.
The Three Shorts format became eclipsed by the Two Shorts format around the turn of the century, this being a pair of eleven-minute episodes. Originally very rare, it's now the standard for comedy animation, as it allows for more complex stories to be told while still not having the aforementioned hurdles that come with writing a half-hour story. In addition, some half-hour animated shows will have a few Two Shorts episodes, any half of which can be used as emergency schedule filler around odd-length specials or movies.
Sometimes, in between the shorts are super-short one-joke bits. Garfield and Friends called these "Quickies", and they were often adapted from a single Sunday strip.
Compare Quarter Hour Short, where an eleven-minute short isn't paired with a companion short. Cartoon Network is especially fond of airing new episodes of their shows in this format, later showcasing them in their Two Shorts form during re-runs.
- Some anime air (in Japan) in a form like this, notably Risky Safety, Folktales From Japan and Oruchuban Ebichu, although the series they aired with are less notable. More common are the half-length episodes (about 13 minutes) which air back to back in a half-hour timeslot.
- Anpanman :
- Nearly every episode follows the two story format, with the exception of a few half-hour special episodes. Because of the amount of characters in the franchise, the episodes are simply created by pairing up two characters (or a defined group and a separate character) and have them work off each other based on their personalities.
- Some of the theatrical shorts that accompanied the films from 1992, 1994, 1997, 1998 and 1999 are about three shorts or more.
- Azumanga Daioh was broadcast as one five-minute episode per weekday, which were then stitched together into a half-hour Five Shorts form on Saturday.
- Crayon Shin-chan usually runs the three episode format.
- Doraemon uses the ABA format, with a mini segment in between each episode. Most dubs cut these mini segments out, making it Two Shorts, and some episodes are full length.
- Final Approach and W~Wish aired together in this manner.
- Most of the Full Metal Panic? Fumoffu episodes were made up of two different stories.
- Galaxy Angel after its first season (26 thirteen-minute individual episodes) had a 2 shorts format.
- Panty & Stocking with Garterbelt, being a tribute to Western cartoons in many ways, follows this format.
- It sometimes deviates from it, like with the full-length episode 6.
- Episodes two and onward of (Zoku) Sayonara, Zetsubou-Sensei follow this format.
- As does Goku (the OVA) and, so far, Zan (the third series).
- Sazaesan does the three shorts format.
- School Rumble is a subversion. While the episodes are divided into three shorter ones (each with their own title, except for the season finales), they are all linked together in one overarching plot.
- The anime version of Sgt. Frog usually followed a Two Shorts format.
- Shima Shima Tora No Shimajiro does the ABA format, with a live action segment featuring a costume Shimajiro being the B.
- Shinryaku! Ika Musume
- Shizuku-chan does two stories per episode.
- Soredemo Machi wa Mawatteiru anime adaption features two thematically linked chapters of the manga per episode.
- The 2009 Tamagotchi anime has two 11-minute stories per episode. This changed to one 22-minute story per episode starting with episode 95, then changed back to the "two 11-minute stories" format in the fourth installment, GO-GO Tamagotchi!, where apart from the occasional 22-minute story the episode format remained like that for the rest of the series.
- Thriller Restaurant
- Motto To Love-Ru
- Urusei Yatsura began as a Two Shorts format, sometimes leading to confusion about how many episodes there are since the shows from this period may be counted as either one or two.
- Yo-Kai Watch has up to four segments an episode.
- Oddbods, when aired on TV, pairs up three of the seven-minute episodes into a half-hour block, labeling it The Oddbods Show.
- The Three Stooges (2012 movie) follows this format, with three half-hour shorts in the spirit of the original series.
- The Nelly the Monster Sitter book series has three stories per book that follow monster species that Nelly meets.
- Ned's Declassified School Survival Guide has two 11-minute shorts per episode, with the second sometimes continuing where the first left off. Unless Nickelodeon only shows one to even out the time slots after running interstitials.
- Season 14 of Barney & Friends has two stories per episode. But really, it's two longer episodes from Seasons 10 and 11 shortened and strung together. A few episodes from a few years back followed this format, too.
- Night Gallery. How many segments per episode varied, but was usually two or three. In series two, the segments were often followed by brief comedic skits. The formula was dropped for series three, where the series took on a more conventional format of each episode consisting of one half-hour story.
- Drunk History tells 3 historical stories an episode, with the exception of the Hamilton episode, which is a single 22-minute segment.
- The Mickey Mouse Club
- The first season followed an ABCD format; A would be a newsreel, a Sooty episode or a Jiminy Cricket short, B would be Mouseketeer skits, C would be a serial, and D would be a cartoon.
- For the second season, the Jiminy Cricket short was replaced by a Mouseketeer hosting a look at world cultures; Jiminy would replace the cartoon once a week.
- When the show was reduced to a half-hour for the third season, the show followed an AB format; A would be Mouseketeer skits, a cartoon or a newsreel, while B would be a serial.
- Odd Squad follows an AB format, both for the first season and the second. In between, there is usually a Training Video from Oscar and Oona (the latter for the second season), or a Welcome to Headquarters video, sometimes followed by one of Ms. O's recruitment commercials. As of Season 2, the We Are Odd Squad shorts become more prevalent as the only short after each episode. In fact, most episodes have the We Are Odd Squad shorts directly after, and are the only shorts featured. The Training Videos, the We Are Odd Squad shorts, and the Welcome to Headquarters shorts also vary in turn, most prevalent in Season 1.
- The Pajanimals was designed as 11-minute stories. However, even when the show is presented in a half-hour block, the ending theme with "La La Lullaby" is still presented at the end of the first short, then the opening credits are used leading into the second short.
- The American version of Tots TV used this because it aired on PBS Kids, a block that doesn't have ads. The segments either involved a storyteller named Noah or an animal expert named Jane playing in between each story.
- Early episodes of The Goon Show (none of which still exist) had three plots separated by musical interludes. Much later the show partly returned to the format with "The Million Pound Penny", in which the mystery set up in act one is solved during the musical break, with acts two and three forming the title story.