"The Wendigo, the WendigoAlso spelled Windigo, Weetigo and Wetiko among others (depending on the language and region), the Wendigo is a human being turned into a cannibal monster in the belief systems of several Algonquian peoples. The causes of this transformation and the Wendigo's general appearance vary from region to region. Some lores have it that eating human flesh is what makes you turn into one, but in others you can become one just by coming across a Wendigo or by being possessed by the spirit of a Wendigo. Its most common description is a dreadfully skinny giant of ice devoid of lips and toes, or alternatively a hunchbacked creature with a deer's skull for a head. The more it devours, the larger it grows, and thus it can never find enough food to satisfy its hunger. In the mythologies of several Amerindian Nations, the Wendigo can revive if you don't destroy its body entirely, which may lead to Kill It with Fire. More info on the Other Wiki. A potent source of Nightmare Fuel. Not to be confused with the Bigfoot/Sasquatch, though some writers connect the two anyway. Also not to be confused with the Slender Man film of the same name. Compare Our Ghouls Are Creepier for stories of monsters associated with cannibalism from a more... arid climate.
I saw it just a friend ago
Last night it lurked in Canada
Tonight on your veranada!"
I saw it just a friend ago
Last night it lurked in Canada
Tonight on your veranada!"
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- Wendigomon is the villain for the first Digimon Adventure 02 movie (though it is never identified as such). It is a corrupted evolved form of Wallace's Chocomon (infected by a virus, and referred to solely by that name in the movie), compared to Turuiemon, named for the Festival of Rabbits. It's a Wendigo with stretching arms, ice breath, and giant laser cannons that burst out of the flesh in its chest. Early American Bandai materials mistakenly called it Endigomon, while it Japan it is known as Wendimon.
- Chopper's Monster Form was very inspired by this, being a giant monster with reindeer-like features. His most dangerous form, he manages to control it post timeskip.
- In Marvel Comics, anyone who eats human flesh in the frozen north becomes a Wendigo. The creature is best known as a villain of the X-Men and spinoff team Alpha Flight, but has tangled with Spider-Man and others. In fact, he seems to be the standard villain for superheroes visiting Canada. It's well-known for shouting its Catch Phrase: "WEN-DI-GOOOO!" The Wendigo in Marvel Comics is portrayed as a muscular Sasquatch-esque creature with white fur rather than a skinny elongated monster.
- It's a common Incredible Hulk villain too, having made its first Marvel appearance in his book. (And its second story in that book was the first appearance of Wolverine, giving the association more historical weight than it might otherwise have.)
- In Earth X, Multiple Man is transformed into one when he eats one of his own doubles to survive. He doesn't lose his self-duplication powers.
- Todd McFarlane infamously used the Wendigo as a poor, misunderstood victim during his Spider-Man run.
- An issue of Amazing Spider-Man, pencilled by Charles Vess, featured a demonic spirit called Wendigo who descended upon New York during a fierce blizzard. No relation (that we are aware of) to Marvel's regular Wendigo.
- In the Amazing X-Men storyline World War Wendigo, a confrontation between two Canadian meat packing plant employees resulted in one accidentally killing the other. The perpetrator decided to cover it up by running the victim's body through a meat grinder, which ended up being consumed by several people, resulting in a mass break of the Wendigo curse.
- A Wendigo is a member of Omega Flight, the Black Ops Counterparts of Alpha Flight in Jonathan Hickman's The Avengers, as the counterpart to Sasquatch. We don't learn if he's under the curse or has a different origin, or anything else about him before he gets killed.
- In an issue of Spider-Woman, Jessica Drew visited a Canadian ski lodge, where an Evil Chef was serving human flesh to his unwitting patrons in order to invoke an outbreak of Wendigos. Drew managed to prevent most of the patrons from eating human meat by pretending to be a militant Straw Vegetarian, knocking morsels out of people's mouths while shouting things like "Meat is murder!"
- During a Year of Marvels one-shot, X-23 and She-Hulk teamed up to fight the Wendigo Sisters, a pair of intelligent female Wendigos named Grace and Harmony, who were willingly transformed by their mother.
- A run of B.P.R.D. involved a Wendigo curse being transmitted from person to person.
- This one is a particular Tear Jerker, since the Wendigo retains his memories as a family man, though he had been unaware that his family thought him dead and had moved on. He is told that he will eventually lose his humanity, and when he asks Abe and Hellboy to kill him, is told that it won't work, since the only way to break the curse and let him die peacefully is to kill someone else and pass the curse on. HB and Abe regretfully inform the Wendigo that they have no choice but to lock him up. The last shot of him curled up in his cell with nothing but a photo of him with his family for comfort makes this example something of a Woobdigo, particularly as it's clear he'll eventually forget who they are, and may be starting to already.
- In Don Rosa's "War of the Wendigo", Scrooge McDuck investigates reports of wendigo attacks at a lumber mill of his in Canada. Said wendigo turn out to be the Peeweegah Indians from "Land of the Pygmy Indians" by Carl Barks, who once again have to teach Scrooge a Green Aesop.
- Ithaqua from the Cthulhu Mythos makes an appearance in The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen when it accidentally takes over Allen Quartermain's body while he's astral-projecting. Ithaqua was perfectly happy to be a nightmarish mass in an infinite void of space, and isn't particularly pleased to be in Quartermain's disgustingly alien, human meat-body.
- The Buffyverse story Tales of the Slayer: Wendigo tells of a Slayer being called in pre-Columbian America.
- The third story in the The Dresden Fillies series, "Great Power", has Harry contact a Wendigo for help in a case that he's working on. The Wendigo first appears to look like a regular person, but after Harry gives it a gift of three plucked turkeys it reveals its true form of a white haired, deer-headed giant. Wendigos are not incredibly popular among the supernatural world, so they have to hide themselves very well (and a modern city like Chicago is basically a giant buffet for a Wendigo, which can sustain itself on the dozens of all-you-can-eat restaurants that populate such areas).
- Several wendigo, portrayed as lanky and pale humanoids with elk skulls for heads, appear in The Luna Syndicate, which is part of The Calvinverse series. They hunt in packs, can walk on walls, and have the ability to mimic humans to lure their prey into a trap (one pretends to be a crying little girl to lead the main cast to its pack). They are also influenced by a red star like all the other monsters.
- The 2001 American horror movie titled Wendigo. The Wendigo in this is a deer-headed man that may or may not exist. The movie leaves it up to the viewer but the more likely explanation for the cannibals in the movie are real psychological problems.
- The Wendigo Myth features prominently in Ravenous. In the film, eating human flesh is addictive and gives you super-strength.
- The same author/director of Wendigo used the wendigo in his 2006 film, The Last Winter.
- Ghostkeeper, where an insane woman keeps the Wendigo that was once her son locked in the basement.
- The werewolves are assumed to be these in Ginger Snaps Back: The Beginning.
- Tonto in Disney's reboot of The Lone Ranger believes that Butch is a Wendigo (despite the fact that Tonto is a Comanche and the Wendigo is an Algonquin legend). He eats human flesh, and at point eats the heart of main characters's brother in front of him, so his conclusion is understandable.
- Troma created a movie in the late 80's named Frostbiter: Wrath of the Wendigo. It has less to do with monstrous cannibal spirits, and more to do with killer animated pots of chili, however.
- "The Wendigo" by Algernon Blackwood, which introduced the legend and influence the modern version of this trope.
- In the Cthulhu Mythos, Ithaqua is a Great Old One who lives in the North and was inspired by the legend of the Wendigo. Blackwood's short story was the inspiration for The Wind-walker.
- The second book in the gory Monstrumologist series is called Curse of The Wendigo. A "neither living or dead version of the Wendigo" is the main antagonist.
- One of Alvin Schwartz's Scary Stories to Tell in the Dark. In that story, the Wendigo is more of a spirit of wind and frostbite, although there are still cannibalistic overtones (the two men are starving). The Wendigo calls you out of the tent with its eerie, windblown song, and makes you run until your feet burn away, and makes you keep running after that.
Oh, my fiery feet! My burning feet of fire!Diego lifted up the hat, and screamed. There was nothing beneath the hat but a pile of ashes.
- Which is an adaptation of the Blackwood's story, currently out-of-copyright, available online at the Gutenberg Project.
- The Wendigo is discussed, and it is ambiguous as to whether it's actually encountered, in the novel Bonechiller. The dad of the protagonist's love interest describes to them a legend about one.
- The Indian burial ground, and the path leading to it, from Stephen King's Pet Sematary were frequented by the Wendigo. (Whether this was the cause or the result of the curse on that area isn't made clear.) At one point, the protagonist nearly meets the Wendigo, but it's a foggy night so he's spared from seeing it.
- The burial ground having "gone sour" is connected to cannibalism. Later, it's
heavily impliedcreatively euphemized that the resurrected Gage engaged in this.
- The burial ground having "gone sour" is connected to cannibalism. Later, it's
- Two well known poems address the wendigo. Ogden Nash's "Wendigo" uses the legends as a source of humor but Louise Erdrich's "Windigo" is more serious, claiming the only way to kill a windigo is to melt its frozen heart.
- Such a creature is mentioned in Michael D. O'Brien's novel Eclipse of the Sun by a young boy called Arrow.
- In The General by David Drake and S.M. Stirling, the Skinners, descended from French Canadians, refer to Raj Whitehall as the "Gran' wheetigo," translated in-story as the "Big Devil."
- The Wendigo myth features prominently in the novel Three Day Road by Joseph Boyden.
- Wendigo, a horror novel by Graham Masterton.
- The Mercedes Lackey short story "Ghost in the Machine" in "Trio of Sorcery" featured a MMORPG enemy infected with a Wendigo spirit.
- The character Coldheart in the League Of Magi stories.
- In the Urban Dragon series, where eating human flesh is surprisingly common among the characters, wendigos are only created when the person who consumed flesh was already the descendant of another wendigo. Since it's a latent condition, most people who are susceptible don't know it until it's too late.
- The short story Wendigo's Child by Thomas Monteleone transplants the creature from the American Northeast to the American Southwest and replaces its familiar deer's head with that of a predatory bird. Its hunger for flesh remains unchanged, however.
- The Immortals After Dark series by Kresley Cole has a variant. One becomes a Wendigo when bitten or scratched by one, although Lothaire reveals the heretofore little-known fact that rubbing salt into the wound halts the transformation. They hunger for flesh, like the archetype.
- Daniel González short story Gemidos en el Viento (Screams in the Wind) published in the Ominous Tales magazine is about the Wendigo myth affecting two excursionists in Canada.
- Robert N. Charrette's "Secrets of Power" Shadowrun trilogy (Never Deal with a Dragon, Choose Your Enemies Carefully and Find Your Own Truth) has a Wendigo as the main villain. He uses illusions to appear human and turns the main character's sister into one as well, leading to her eventual Heroic Sacrifice before she loses her humanity .
- Showed up in the second episode of Supernatural. Par the course, it's formerly human, feeds on human flesh, and lives in the woods. It also only feeds once every 23 years, and keeps some of its victims in storage.
- One of these possesses a man in the Fear Itself episode "Skin & Bones".
- One of these appeared in an episode of Charmed, entitled "The Wendigo", in which it bit Piper and she proceeded to turn into a Wendigo herself. However it was a Wendigo In-Name-Only, more of a case of Our Werewolves Are Different.
- A Wendigo is the titular Monster of the Week on an episode of Lost Tapes in the form of a lost hiker who kills and eats a severely injured friend, before killing and eating the other friends on the trip.
- In Grimm, Wendigos are Wesen who eat humans and hide their remains under their lair. According to the Kessler Archive, Jeffrey Dahmer was one.
- In Hannibal a deer with raven feathers is used as a recurring Animal Motif in Will Graham's dreams and hallucinations, and Word of God confirms that it represents a Wendigo. Given who the title character is it's fairly obvious who the Wendigo is supposed to be. In the season 1 finale, Will hallucinates that Hannibal is a humanoid Wendigo, with a black, emaciated body and antlers. The humanoid Wendigo then continues to symbolize Hannibal in Will's dreams and hallucinations in season 2.
- In the Haven episode "Who, What, Where, Wendigo?", three young girls have their Trouble activated and gain enhanced physical abilities and senses, but a Horror Hunger for human flesh as well. Apparently, their ancestors inspired the Native American tales of the Wendigo.
- In Teen Wolf, a family of Wendigos briefly appear before being murdered. From what was shown, they are usually nice people as long as they're able to regularly eat human flesh. Otherwise they gain Horror Hunger, a bad attitude, and some new teeth.
- Sleepy Hollow has one show up in a Season 2 episode, when Sheriff Corbin's son is cursed into one by Henry/Jeremy (using bone dust made from one of the Pied Piper's bone flutes) — the scent of blood triggers the transformation into the blue-furred, antlered beast, which can only be reversed by feeding on human flesh and organs. Oh, and if the cursed one feeds three times, the change is permanent. Fortunately, Ichabod learns of a Shawnee spell that breaks the curse.
- The X-Files has the season 1 episode "Shapes," whose Monster of the Week is a pretty faithful depiction of the Wendigo myth. In a clear case of Critical Research Failure, however, the creature is referred to as a "Manitou," despite the fact that Manitou were benevolent spirits in most Native American belief systems.
- Boy's Life had a story about a story that was told by a kid to his friends to scare them. It's implied the story teller falls victim to one a later night as they hear the moan it was described to make around the time he disappeared and was never heard from again. One of the kids even saw a giant shadowy figure in the distance looking down on him while trying to find the lost boy and concludes that they were so scared of the story they brought it to life.
- In Shadowrun, a wendigo is an Ork (human variant) infected with the HMHVV (Human Meta Human Vampiric Virus). They were around 2.5 meters high, weighed 130 kilograms, and looked like a sasquatch (Bigfoot) with white fur. They had magical powers, and mentally influenced their victims into becoming cannibals.
- In Werewolf: The Apocalypse, there is a werewolf tribe named after the Wendigo who worship the cannibal spirit as their tribal patron. Powerful members of the tribe can summon an avatar of the Wendigo to track down and devour their enemies.
- Werewolf: The Forsaken, the Spiritual Successor of Werewolf: The Apocalypse, has the Lodge of Wendigo, where most of the members have a somewhat lax attitude towards the whole "don't eat the flesh of men, wolves, or werewolves" taboo. Especially since they have rituals that grant them access to special knowledge if they sample a bit of another's flesh.
- As noted above, Call of Cthulhu includes Ithaqua as a possible menace for player-characters to run away from really really fast.
- The Wendigo is just about the non-mythos monster most associated with the Call of Cthulhu system, due mostly to the fact that Alone Against the Wensigo together with Alone Against the Dark were the first two solo-adventures published by Chaosium for the system.
- Native American legends? Check. Superstition and folklore? Check. Deadlands example? Check! Wendigos are something of a Stock Monster in the Weird and Wasted Wests. And no surprise, given that cannibalism falls under the direct purview of one of the Big Bads. Deadlands wendigos are created when a human eats the flesh of another human in the appropriate parts of the country; it can happen to Player Character types, and according to Word of God, it can even happen if the character doesn't know what they're eating. Not that a sadistic Marshal would ever trick a Player Character like that...
- There's also a variant wendigo that is created not by cannibalism, but by food hoarding. If a hoarder causes others to starve to death because of his greed and selfishness, he runs the risk of being wendigofied.
- The tamanous in Chill was a similar cannibalism-promoting Native American monster, which resembled a warrior's corpse partially covered in tar. The difference was that it couldn't just eat human flesh, it had to eat the flesh of a human who had themselves devoured human flesh, knowingly or otherwise. So that ought to make their lives difficult, right? Not when you consider their love of opening restaurants, or dining clubs, or just giving out free meals to anyone who looks hungry...
- Somewhat Blackwood-esque Wendigos are adapted for Dungeons & Dragons use in the Fiend Folio. In their version, they like to pick one person out any group that enters their territory and stalk them until they're jumping at shadows, and they can turn people into more wendigos by draining their Wisdom points.
- Pathfinder wendigos are directly inspired by the Algernon Blackwood version. They're as powerful as they're hideous, some of the strongest monsters in the game.
- They also come in a desert variety related to death by thirst and hording water, and A void version that can hibernate for millenia on derelict starships.
- In keeping with its Fantasy Kitchen Sink (and sci-fi kitchen sink, and horror kitchen sink...) Rifts has two types of wendigo: the "spirit" wendigo, wise supernatural hairy hominids friendly to the local Magical Native American tribes, and the wendigo demons who are truer to the original myths, if slightly underwhelming (it's a good thing they travel in packs, because a lone one wouldn't be much trouble for the average Rifts low-level PC group).
- One old GURPS Horror adventure titled The Old Stone Fort riffed on the fiction of Manly Wade Wellman by using Cherokee demons and monsters as the villains, including a wendigo for the Big Bad.
- In Edgewalkers a Wendigo is a Heinz Hybrid of the three monster races. It's what happens when a Sasquatch (A ghoul with lycanthropy) is infected by vampirism. Fear of becoming a Wendigo is the reason that Sasquatch's stay away from urban areas with a high vampire population.
- Yu-Gi-Oh!: El Shadoll Wendigo is named after these monsters. Wendigo is a corrupted Wen. In fact, Wendigo is an extended version of Wen's name.
- Magic: The Gathering features the Wiitigo, a big creature that gets larger the more it fights other creatures, but shrinks as soon as it runs out of foes to fight/feed on. The Aura "Shape of the Wiitigo" actually allows the player to twist any creature into a Wiitigo.
- Demon: The Descent features the wendigo as a monster in its Storyteller's Guide: an Imperative, a minor and barely sentient angel created by the God-Machine for minor tasks, was created to drive a man lost in extreme cold to become a cannibal to fulfill an occult matrix. And was then abandoned, so it hasn't stopped acting out its programming ever since. To those few capable of seeing it, the Imperative, known as Wendigo Psychosis, appears as a horribly emaciated and frostbitten humanoid of indeterminate gender.
- There are monsters called "Wendigo" in the French versions of The Granstream Saga and Final Fantasy VIII.
- There's a boss called Wendigo in Final Fantasy X.
- Wendigo is the official name of the line of monsters that starts with Gargantuan Beast and ends with Yeti in Diablo II.
- In X 2 Wolverines Revenge The Wendigo appears in the mountain levels and is the second bossfight.
- In World of Warcraft there is a rather common type of enemy sporting the name "Wendigo", although they more resemble yetis than actual wendigos.
- And, in a strange if amusing coincidence, wendigos in the game (as well as the sasquatch and yeti that share its wireframe) are among the only creatures in the game that actually have functioning, individually-rendered toes instead of sock-shaped feet with the toes painted on.
- Wendigos in the Warcraft series date from earlier than that - there were already some in Warcraft III, being the arctic equivalents of the Sasquatch.
- Wendigo appear as demons in several Shin Megami Tensei games.
- Although not encountered in the game, one of the codex entries in Dragon Age: Origins mentions that people possessed by hunger demons become cannibals.
- In Brave: The Search For Spirit Dancer, the Wendigo is the main villain, although it's generally described as a "great evil", and appears as the upper half of a giant, flaming, horned, skeleton.
- AdventureQuest Worlds features a boss monster called Wendigo.
- One of the forms the restriction blocks in Edna & Harvey: Harvey’s New Eyes in one part of the game is a Wendigo, despite it looking nothing like it.
- Humorously, a wendigo named Wendy appears in Grand Chase, but looks like this until Art Evolution set in...
- Ghost Master features a Secret Characternote Windwalker, a Wendigo-class ghost. He is a hunchback ghost of ice and wind with British Teeth. Right from the start, he can howl in the night, driving people crazy, summon winds, and even cause a Siberian cold on the whole map. Train him further, and he'll be able to freeze everyone and make people outright mad with anger.
- Until Dawn: Wendigoes, depicted as emaciated, corpse-like humanoids with abnormally long limbs, serve as the main supernatural threat. The mountain has been infested with them since 1952, when a group of miners resorted to cannibalism to survive after being trapped for weeks by a cave-in. The survivors were taken to a nearby sanatorium where, once they finished their transformation, they massacred the staff and the other patients. Years later, Hannah also turned into one when she ate her sister Beth to survive after they both fell off a cliff and were presumed dead. They're no larger than a normal human, but they're substantially stronger and more acrobatic, while their tough skin means that bullets only slow them down, so they have to be killed with fire. The characters initially think they're fighting zombies, which leads to misplaced Zombie Infectee drama upon finding out that one of them bit Emily.
- Bloodborne: Several of the game's bosses, most notably the Cleric Beast and Vicar Amelia, draw heavily on the Wendigo for inspiration.
- Hexen has an enemy type called "wendigo", found in frosty areas; they look like humanoid beings made of ice and they shoot spiky lumps of ice at you.
- Horror adventure Kona makes mention of the myth, as you track through rural Quebec in a blizzard, trying to solve a murder and string of disappearances. It turns out to be far more than a mention, with the wendigo being invoked as an instrument of revenge by a local native after a hunting incident gone wrong. When the intended target of revenge died, the wendigo was left to rampage and kill everyone in town by encasing them in ice, until it was shot through the heart with a crossbow bolt. The game climaxes with you accidentally releasing the beast by pulling out the bolt, and being chased by the wendigo before making a narrow escape.
- A storyline in Scary Go Round involved a Wendigo sold to France by the Canadian government as a Easter Bunny.
- The Big Guy Sevink from Geist Panik is a Wendigo who has 'achieved critical flesh', and you would have to kill him as many times as the number of people he's eaten. He's described at one point as being "...up to the population of California", rendering him nigh unkillable.
- Eloria from White Dark Life is a demon classified as a wendigo. She usually appears as an armored woman with ram like horns but her One-Winged Angel form swaps them for the appropriate deer antlers.
- Artist Keith Thompson has his own take on the beast here.
- The investigators in Shadow Unit postulate that, given the metabolic demands of superpowers in their setting, the wendigo legends may have originated from hungry snowed-in gammas.
- The horror tale "I am the Wendigo" is told from the perspective of a once-human wendigo on the hunt.
- The SCP Foundation has SCP-323, the skull of a Wendigo that still has plenty of effects on people.
- Wendigos are basically interchangeable with ghouls in The Kingdoms of Evil. Wendigos are basically mass-manufactured cannibal sociopath Super Soldiers used by Skrea as spies.
- In The Cartographers Handbook, Wendigo is a name given to the savage, zombie-like creatures that have overrun the world, named as such to specifically invoke the original legend.
- The My Little Pony Friendship Is Magic episode "Hearth's Warming Eve" features equine blizzard spirits called windigos that, however, feed not on flesh but hatred. Whether their origin is natural or closer to their mythological roots has thus far gone unaddressed...
- The Wendigo character appears in an episode of Wolverine and the X-Men where Nick Fury sends Wolverine to hunt down the Incredible Hulk in Canada after a team of his goes missing, only for Logan and Bruce Banner to find the Wendigo behind the disappearance and transformation of the S.H.I.E.L.D. agents into Wendigo themselves. They eventually discover that the WENDIGO project was an attempt by S.H.I.E.L.D. to create super-soldiers that went wrong and cure the victims. Logan figures out that Fury knew all along and shows his displeasure by punching Banner in the face to trigger his transformation for Fury to deal with. Even being knocked into the next county by the Hulk doesn't spoil his glee at one-upping Fury.
- A Wendigo also appears in The Incredible Hulk. This version appears as a human being cursed by a spirit, and Banner/Hulk's interference allows them to break the curse, and save the life of the brother of a woman who took pity on the Hulk. Leaving the Hulk/Banner to contemplate who the real monster was.
- The so-called "Wendigo psychosis" is a culturally specific mental disorder observed among several Algonquian peoples. It's specifically applied to cases where people kill and eat humans (often relatives) in circumstances where it doesn't make any sense, i.e. there's no famine whatsoever. This psychological category is very controversial, in part because Western society has cannibal serial killers too. Note: Cases do not always involve killing. Often, its simply taking a bite out of someone, usually whoever is sleeping next to you. Not that that's much better for the people involved mind you, as they are alive when the bite is taken. It must also be noted that it is considered imperative to kill these "Wendigo" infected people, leading to the Canadian government taking them away from their groups and putting them in psychiatric care. They don't display any unusual traits, and are largely kept contained to protect themselves from the attacks of others, as cannibalism was a major taboo in Algonquian societies, even when threatened with starvation.
- Some cryptozoology circles consider the Wendigo to be a cryptid just like the Sasquatch and the Loch Ness monster.
- The cannibalism aspect suggests the myths may actually be inspired by Kuru, Creuzfeldt-Jakob or any other of a number of brain diseases transmitted by cannibalism. The brain damage these illnesses cause can sometimes manifest as violent psychosis, and may be more likely to manifest this way in cultures with a tradition of Wendigo lore due to the power of suggestion.
- Another hypothesis for the origin of the myth is that it could have originated as a way to reinforce the taboo against cannibalism. Again, the power of suggestion plays a role, and people who have violated the taboo believe they will turn into wendigos and thus display the symptoms.