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"I've seen more convincing dinosaurs in a packet of Wheatyflakes!"
An act of desperation by a cash- or time-strapped effects team in the days before digital imaging became affordable and subsequently took over Special Effects
. Instead of incurring the time or expense of building their own miniatures, they instead take a shortcut by purchasing off-the-shelf toys or model kits. Depending on the quality of their manufacture (and, in the case of models, assembly), the results can range from surprisingly effective, to sub-par, to obvious Special Effects Failure
Do note that the use of off-the-shelf models are very common for miniature work. Most model kits are often already of very high quality and can be pulled off convincingly, particularly in the use of "greebling" (the details themselves are "greebles"). This is when one takes parts from a model kit, already being of great quality and put it on as detail for bigger models. A great example are the star destroyers in Star Wars
, which were essentially plywood models dressed with loads of parts from mixed and matched kits to create what looked like extremely realistic and detailed ships.
Occasionally if the story allows for it, it might end up playing what it really is (such as using model jets to portray their real-life counterparts or Star Trek
plastic model kits used on the show as described in the Examples).
This trope comes in two flavors:
- Straight Out of the Box: Unmodified items being used as props. Here the item has literally just been ripped out of its packaging, and at most it is given a new coat of paint. These may require assembly, but still remain largely unmodified. Note, however, this doesn't always equate with the results looking bad or being a Special Effect Failure; if the models are convincing enough, or used as background item, it might be sheer pragmatism - why spend $500 and two days of work to make something that will appear in only a few frames, when the hobby store across the street sells good replicas for $20 (or even less) and they come pre-assembled (or can be assembled with speed and ease, particularly in the case of "snap-tite" kits)? And the creative use of paint, lighting and camera angles can further gloss over the finer details - even making the item appear to be something different than what it really is. This can even be done digitally - either by purchasing pre-rendered CGI models (typically of real world objects) or by reusing ones already rendered for the show - often resized to help hide its previous identity.
- Kit-Bashing: The item is a model, toy or some other off-the-shelf product, but it is modified, altered into something else. In Hollywood and among hobbyists this is often known as "kit-bashing", where parts from several commercial model kits are combined to create a new model. A similar technique is used for CGI models as well. Kit-bashing is sometimes used just for experimental purposes, to get a general appearance and design for a prop. Other times bits of model kits are attached to custom built models just to give it texture and save time ("greebling"). Or perhaps only pieces of it are used into the making of something else entirely. This again is pragmatism: building a new model by gluing bits from other existing items together is both cheaper and easier than molding new parts from scratch. And the results can be equally good. The downside doesn't have to result solely from shoddy workmanship - over-greebling (especially if done with apparent randomness and without any purposeful pattern, or if done simply by cut-and-paste repetition of the same pattern, especially on CGI models) often results in a details getting lost amongst themselves, an overload of visual "noise" and only drives home the sense that the viewer is looking at a plastic or CGI model.
See also Special Effect Failure
and No Budget
. Compare with GIS Syndrome
where cut-and-paste stock photos and backgrounds are used with little or no modification.
Examples of Straight Out Of The Box props
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- The first few seconds of this VW ad. Look closely and you can see the finger pushing the model car!
- In Episode 5 of Gundam Build Fighters, actual photos of real world Gundam model kits can be seen when Sei is searching the web for info on Mao.
- In October 2014, Marvel Comics launched a series of variant covers that used Hasbro action figures to recreate iconic Marvel moments.
- The Phantom Menace during the pod racing scene, in the crowds, there are a few action figures in there too, one of which is clearly Prince Xizor. Epileptic Trees ensued.
- In V for Vendetta, Inspector Finch and V, disguised as Rookwood pull out a recording/signal jamming device at various points which looks remarkably like a folding book light, with a red LED replacing the normally white one.
- There have been stories that the Flying Saucers in Plan 9 from Outer Space were pie tins or hubcaps. The truth was, the filmmakers made them from toy flying saucer kits.
- MirrorMask does this digitally, as one scene is set between a pair of enormous CG fleas one of the animators had lying around. Then again, it is a very strange movie.
- One really bad example comes in Godzilla vs. Gigan, Gigan is rampaging across Tokyo. You see the inside of the building that is going to be crushed by the monster in mere seconds. Inside stand two Kelly dolls, just staring at each other, and are soon crushed by the monster's claw. Now it is possible they were intended to be store mannequins, but the place does not exactly look like a store.
- In Godzilla vs. Destoroyah, a scene with an army of crab Destoroyahs heading towards the military was rumored to have used actual Bandai figures of the creatures in addition to the actual puppets.
- This is also parodied in the MST3K episode of Godzilla vs. Megalon, where at one point (for whatever reason) the main characters enter a model shop, and the robots immediately comment "Hey, we've seen these models in a fight already!"
- The Mighty Gorga - a bad King Kong ripoff - stars a man in a gorilla suit that they bought at the store. And he fights dinosaur handpuppets, waved in front of the camera.
- In Ghostbusters, model police cars and taxicabs were used in the Stay-Puft sequence. And in the shot where Slimer hovers around a chandelier in the hotel, said ghost is represented by a peanut spray-painted green, with optical streaks added in.
- On the DVD commentary, Joe Medjuck (the producer) moaned about how hard to come by those police cars and 'cabs were, especially in the scale they needed.
- Team America: World Police used many common items for props; most of the background items in Cairo were made from kitchen equipment, a basket of oranges were goldfish-shaped crackers and a real-life person was painted metallic and was used for a statue.
- In the early 80's B-grade post-apocalyptic movie Battletruck one of the protagonists uses a pair of binoculars with some sort of scanner on the top. However, to New Zealanders, it is obviously a local brand air-freshener that has been repainted.
- Uwe Boll's House of the Dead infamously used footage from the game as action scenes. Note they used footage from the Attract Mode of the original game, with the mid-90's polygonal graphics and the "Insert Coin" message blinking repeatedly.
- What appeared to be an impressive (for 1981) wire-frame CGI image of Lower Manhattan in Escape from New York was actually a physical model with the buildings outlined with glow-in-the-dark green tape and filmed in black light.
- The de-evolution guns of Super Mario Bros. The Movie are rather brilliantly Super Scopes (the SNES' light gun) re-painted black.
- Santa Claus Conquers the Martians has the eponymous aliens armed with ray guns that can stun people. Which are actually perfectly normal Wham-O Air Blasters. And when we say "ray guns", we don't mean to imply that they could afford to add some sort of ray effect, or even a well placed film scratch. The guns just make the normal "pop" noise they always do, and the "stunned" actors try really hard to stand still.
- Crapola classic Robot Monster calls for a "space platform", but gets a three-for-a-nickel model rocket instead. You can even clearly see the hand holding it up; this film WISHES it could afford a shoestring!
- Then, of course, there's Ro-Man, whose costume consists of a Halloween gorilla suit and a diving helmet with TV antennae stuck on top.
- This clip from the Godfrey Ho "masterpiece" Ninja Terminator speaks for itself.
- Danger Death Ray featured an obviously plastic off-the-shelf helicopter model sinking while parked atop an obviously plastic off-the-shelf submarine model in what was obviously a swimming pool.
- Used in-universe in the finished cut of "The Case", the Amateur Film Within A Film from Super 8, in which it's very obvious that Joe eventually did agree to let Charles blow up his model trains.
- The famous M65 Smart Gun from Aliens was made using a German MG42 machine gun with motorcycle parts added, as well as a SteadyCam harness for the gyroscopic mount. The Marine's combat helmets were just normal M1 steel helmets with some bits added.
- The Iron Man rip-off Metal Man/Iron Hero surprisingly has a Kabuto Zecter on the protagonist's costume!
- In the J.J. Abrams Star Trek, the vertical "sensors" briefly seen on the USS Kelvin bridge are unmodified commercially made amateur radio antennas.
- The Direct-to-Video movie Supershark used a CG model of a walking tank purchased from the hobbyist site www.daz3d.com as their "hero" mech, for the final climactic fight scene with the walking megalodon. And while its normal price is only about ten bucks, they could have actually gotten it FREE for a short bit, as it was originally a freebie on that site.
- It's pretty obvious that the train that runs off the tracks near the end of Speed is a miniature model.
- In the live action Dragon Ball movie made in Korea in 1990 , the prop used for the character Puar is a stuffed plushie of her.
Live Action TV
- Power Rangers:
- US-made model-based mecha footage appeared in Season 3 of Mighty Morphin' Power Rangers, and was achieved using off-the-shelf Power Rangers toys - with predictable results. The worst example of this was the Shogun Megazord. In the show, the left arm is comprised of the White Ranger's zord, but the toys made it the Pink Ranger's zord instead. Since the toy is used for the Shogun Ultrazord formation, the zord suddenly inexplicably turns hot pink. Also, the chest symbol changes, and Titanus inexplicably gains the Dragonzord's chestplate in both the Ninja and Shogun Ultrazords.
- For the curious, it's there because when Titanus' head and chest are repositioned for the Ultrazord, there is a fairly large gap in his chest intended to be filled by the Dragonzord's chestplate.
- Also, the white Shogun Zord turns pink for a simple reason: Ninja Sentai Kakuranger had five Rangers (Red, White, Blue, Black, Yellow); Power Rangers had six (same colors plus Pink). The White Kakuranger's machines were given to the Pink Power Ranger, while a sentient Kaku mecha became the White Power Ranger's machine. For the toyline, Bandai decided to turn those white mecha pink to line up with its new operator.
- According to vfx artist Rick Cortes, the staff would use off-the-shelf toys of the Zords whenever they lacked the necessary shots from the existing Kyoryu Sentai Zyuranger footage they were given.
- The original Kyoryu Sentai Zyuranger did this for the Ultrazord (okay, Titanus/Brachion is an actual prop model), but managed to pull it off with a combination of quick editing and decent visual effects. The difference in proportion was still obvious, but at least they put some effort into it.
- Some other shots of the Dinozords alone on Zyuranger were pretty obviously the toys; for example, when they combined into tank mode and then transformed into mecha mode. When the Green Ranger first appeared, there were times when he stood on the Dragonzord's head and changed from a live actor to an action figure, and back again.
- A lot of scenes of the Guardian Beasts sitting on a hill or somesuch for non-battle-related scenes (typically not used in MMPR) couldn't be more obviously plastic.
- Rita Repulsa gets shrunk down and appears as a screaming (but not animated) action figure of herself. The hand holding her activates the "Swing my left arm up and down" lever "convincingly". Oddly enough, Rita did not get a figure until almost 18 years later.
- In "A Zeo Beginning", the shot of Serpentera sitting on the moon is done using the toy.
- Also, whenever the Zeo Megazord combined with the Red Battlezord, it was done using the toys. However, this was because the footage of doing so was from the source material of Ohranger, so it flies. Another notable example is the season's Ultrazord, Pyramidas.
- Much like the Doctor Who example below with the Sonic Screwdriver, they frequently used the toy replicas for the morphers, and actors would mention crew members having to make quick trips to toy stores to replace broken ones. It created an interesting problem during S.P.D. Thanks to some odd scheduling, they had to use the Japanese toys for their morphers, and had a very limited number to work with. Unfortunately, they had very form fitting police uniforms for costumes that year, which made bathroom breaks awkward and sent more than one of them into a toilet.
- Early Super Sentai series would occasionally use the toys for the Transformation Sequence of the mecha (this is particularly noticeable with Live Boxer in Choujuu Sentai Liveman due to the toy being extremely inaccurate), but became less common as special effects improved. However, the 2013 series, Zyuden Sentai Kyoryuger would use this technique for its mecha due to being a Genre Throwback.
- When the TyrannoRanger from Kyoryu Sentai Zyuranger showed up in the Kyoryuger vs. Go-Busters movie, he transformed by using the Legacy Power Morpher toy that Bandai had released to celebrate MMPR's 20th anniversary.
- Like the Super Sentai examples above, Spider-Man used a stuntman in a suit to portray Spidey's Humongous Mecha, but the robot's transformation scenes were all filmed by using the Leopardon toy sold by Bandai.
- The weapons and Transformation Trinkets used in Pretty Guardian Sailor Moon were actual PGSM toys available in shops at the time.
- Doctor Who:
- Off-the-shelf Louis Marx toy Daleks are used for model-shot scenes of Dalek armies in "The Evil of the Daleks" and "Planet of the Daleks". The off-the-shelf toys can easily be recognised by their simplistic conical shape, which makes the "heads" proportionately much too small in relation to the "bodies". During the 1960s, the show also occasionally padded out Dalek crowd scenes with what were quite obviously cardboard cutouts (at least, with modern picture quality; at the time, they were much harder to discern).
- The original sonic screwdriver as used by the Second Doctor was a penlight torch.
- "Robot" depicted a battle between a man in a robot suit and a toy tank from the Action Man range. Two Action Man dolls were also used to show the robot grabbing soldiers after it turned gigantic.
- The TARDIS Chameleon Circuit control panel in "Logopolis" is obviously an old carpet sweeper turned upside-down.
- In the late-80s Sylvester McCoy story "Remembrance of the Daleks", the alleged "time controller" is an off-the-shelf plasma ball. Even then, such devices were reasonably common in techno-gift shops, and the obviousness of its origins made silly- and cheap- what would have appeared an impressive and credible prop a few years prior.
- The 1996 TV movie used a commercially licensed Tardis key replica for the Tardis key prop.
- During the production of the first revived season, the original sonic screwdriver prop was replaced with a licenced replica because the licenced version looked just as good and was more durable.
- The revived series was criticised for using what were quite obviously Apple Mac keyboards in "Silence in the Library"/"Forest of the Dead", set in the 52nd century.
- In "A Christmas Carol", the communicator the Doctor uses to speak to Amy is clearly a book light like this◊ painted bronze.
- "The Day of the Doctor":
- Osgood's Fourth Doctor-style scarf is a commercially available replica scarf — easily identified by the fact that it's stocking stitch (the v-shaped weave used in most knitwear) and not garter stitch (a stitch with pronounced ribs common in beginner knitting projects) like the genuine article. The colours are also much more vibrant and loud. It actually leads to a bit of Fridge Logic — the intention was probably that she got it from a future incarnation of the Doctor who was her friend, but it's so inaccurate that it can't possibly be one of his.
- The Dalek model shots in the Time War sections (particularly the one crushed by the landing TARDIS) are the large remote control Dalek toys that were sold in the late 2000s.
- A few more of those remote control Daleks get blown up in "Into the Dalek".
- Psi's projector in "Time Heist" is just a normal USB cable.
- In "Flatline", the shrunken TARDIS is recognisably a Character Options Flight Control TARDIS toy.
- Star Trek: The Original Series did it a few times:
- In "The Doomsday Machine", the gutted and scarred USS Constellation was in fact an AMT plastic model; absolutely nothing was added to it, and in fact, its registry number (NCC-1017) was created by simply reordering the digits in the decals showing the Enterprise's registry number (NCC-1701).
- The Enterprise visible through the window of the station manager's office in "The Trouble With Tribbles" is yet another AMT model.
- Dr. McCoy's hand-held medical gizmos were actually fancy salt shakers (originally obtained for the episode "The Man Trap" that featured a salt-hungry alien, but rejected and repurposed because they just weren't easily recognizable as salt shakers).
- They still did this even up to Star Trek: Insurrection. Riker's "manual steering column" is an off-the-shelf computer game joystick.
- The technique of using improbable or seemingly unlikely devices for serious technology is actually used on a smaller scale in real life. Many bomb-disabling robots in service of the United States Army and Navy are handled with a control screen and portable control station... and an Xbox controller.
- The massive battle against the Klingon fleet in the Deep Space Nine episode "Way of the Warrior" was only manageable by using a lot of model kits. That is why they decided that an old Klingon ship that hadn't been seen since the first movie was still in use, it gave the fleet more variety.
- The original Borg cube was notoriously built out of several plastic model kit 'sprues,' that is, the plastic frames that plastic model kit parts come attached to. This becomes quite obvious when it explodes, with many of the sprues popping off in one piece.
- Seven of Nine's regeneration alcove in Star Trek: Voyager was surmounted by an off-the-shelf plasma disc.
- Voyager in particular reused CGI models to represent dozens of different alien ships with little to no modification other than playing with scaling. Other than a key role here and there, most of these models were seen for only a few seconds, as screen filler, or both, so the effect isn't immediately noticeable. A good example is in the episode "Drive" where the "starting line" spectators are mostly ships that have been seen in other episodes (including many alien shuttlecraft rescaled to match Voyager's size!)
- The reason why planets inhabited by Nazis was an unusually frequent occurrence in the original series was because there were plenty of Nazi-themed and WWII-themed props available from contemporary movies (such as The Great Escape). This even made its way into the Star Wars franchise as described in the kitbashing section below.
- This is a big reason why the original series had so many other alien planets modeled after Earth history as well, such as 1920s-30s gangsters and ancient Greeks and Romans. Especially regarding the latter, the early 60s was the height of the Sword And Sandal genre, so sets and costumes for those were easily available.
- Combining this trope with Shout-Out, in the Next Generation episode "Pen Pals", a device used by a geological survey team during the episode is in fact the Oscillation Overthruster from The Adventures of Buckaroo Banzai Across the 8th Dimension. Set designer Michael Okuda was a fan of Buckaroo Banzai.
- The props, models and sets from Mystery Science Theater 3000 were pulled together from model kits and found objects; after the original local-TV version of the program was sold to the Comedy Channel, the producers purposely affected the same low-budget style in every episode of the series — even the ones where they spent actual money.
- The dashed-together appearance of the robots is justified in-universe, as Joel built them from spare parts to keep from being lonely. These were the "special parts" used to control when the movies begin and end. Since they include such items as a gumball machine, and a bowling pin, this suggests the whole satellite is made of spare junk.
- Pipette fillers like these◊ were used as sci-fi injectors/syringes/hyposprays/whatever in Farscape. There was also the bulkier device used to inject liquid explosive into bombs in "Family Ties" which was very obviously a super-soaker with a thin paint job.
- Farscape wasn't beyond a bit of this as far as props went, the Peace Keeper comms headsets used necklaces for mics (specifically, one called "Anchara" by local Aussie company Bico), and a slightly-altered Logitech flightstick showed up as a holo-projector.
- Don't forget Moya's "Manual control" in the premiere episode - aka Logitech trackball mouse on-a-stick
- The new Battlestar Galactica has an example of this. On the back console of the Raptor set, a Logitech Attack 3 joystick is mounted to the console, and is clearly visible in multiple shots throughout the series.
- Parodied in Star Wreck: In The Pirkinning: the manual controls for light balls consist of a TAC-2 joystick, instantly recognizable by any owner of a 8/16-bit home computer.
- Another example: Viper engines are actual military aircraft engines: retired Rolls-Royce Model 250's. Other bits of set dressing like the storage racks for ordnance are probably also surplus Air Force or Navy equipment.
- Some of the hangar scenes contain what are very obviously commercial forklift trucks with a couple of vinyl stickers of the Galactica's unit patch.
- In Kamen Rider Decade, Kivara has gone from being a fully CG creature to a toy on a string since episode 8. The switch is extremely noticeable, especially in one episode where they use the old CG model for precisely one shot, then bring out the toy for the rest of the episode. In episode 14 (the start of Den-O's World), they brought back the CG version, but the toy makes a return at the end of episode 27.
- One special effect in Red Dwarf, meant to represent a vortex, is simply the camera looking into somebody's cup of coffee that had been swirled around with a spoon quickly. It passes, because Red Dwarf is a comedy anyway.
- Done by Abed and Troy when making a Fan Film full of Stylistic Suck of the There's No "B" in Movie feature "Kickpuncher" in Community.
- An episode of Andromeda used dollar store FM radios as remote controls.
Another episode has Seamus Harper using a standard LED flashlight/key fob as a remote control.
- PJ Katie's Farm was notorious for this, with characters made out of plasticine and props made out of Fischer Price toys and her lunch.
- Dollhouse does this too. The GPS tracking unit they remove from the back of the neck in one episode is shown on the sink. It is the packaging strip for surface-mount-resistors/capacitors, each bump on the strip holds one and they're cut from a long reel.
- Apparently Terra Nova is a fan of Nerf
- In one episode of The Sarah Connor Chronicles, where, in a scene set in the future, a squad of soldiers are exploring a submarine, they can be seen wearing Xbox wireless headsets painted black.
- In the Babylon 5 episode "Soul Hunter", a solder sucker is a major component of the eponymous soul hunter's soul extractor. One might suspect the prop makers of making a Stealth Pun...
- Are You Afraid of the Dark? did this all the time, with the crowning moment being the evil statue◊ in "The Tale of the Dangerous Soup." Would you also like to own a "cursed statue from a remote jungle tribe?" Well, you can for only about $70.
- Raumpatrouille used everyday items as props, most famously a pressing iron as a ship controlling device. While cheesy, it worked quite well.
- The season 1 finale of Game of Thrones used a lot of heads, which were rented in bulk. As it was noticed later, one head belonged to George W. Bush.
- Actual Avengers action figures from Hasbro appear in the Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. pilot episode.
- Though music videos in general are known for this, a stand-out example appears in Michael Jackson's "Scream". Among the many props used in this notoriously expensive video are several silver-painted toys called Bumble Balls.
- The crew at That Guy with the Glasses do this a lot with their skits. It makes sense, given that their budgets are a lot lower than those of anyone else on this page.
- Present in nearly all YouTube Poops, which use no more than video samples and stock effects straight from the video editor of choice (and occasionally an after-effects program).
- Season 5 of Transformers Generation 1 (which was, if you're not a fan, just slightly edited re-runs of the original 80s cartoon) was introduced by a Powermaster Optimus Prime toy, made slightly less blocky with CGI. Yup. That's it.
- Parodied in the Codename: Kids Next Door episode, "Operation: M.O.O.N." It's a deliberately terrible live-action shot of Numbuh 3's sleeve-covered arm taking a dart and a popping a balloon with the word "MOON" drawn on in front of a phony space backdrop. It somehow convinces high-ranking military adults that they really blew up the moon with a missile.
- In 2005, a group of Iraqi militants posted a photo◊ online purporting to be of a captured US soldier. However, it was actually an action figure. No, seriously.
Examples of Kit-Bashing
- Invoked by Delphi, an EV Nova modder, who put together a package of ship components in Google SketchUp to kitbash into ship models for his Nova total conversion. He released the component library online and the modding community was quick to take advantage. (If you're interested, you can download it here.)
- The Death Star trenches in Star Wars were in fact several dozen battleship model kits glued together.
- The gap between the upper and lower shells of the Millennium Falcon is filled with the undersides of various trucks.
- In the sequel, they used their own merchandise; the TIE Bomber's wings were taken directly from a plastic model kit of Vader's custom TIE.
- And, lets not forget Qui-Gon Jinn's communicator: It was essentially a woman's razor.
- The Pod racing crowd was made from Q-tips dipped in different colors of paint and positioned in the custom made stadium seating so that someone can wiggle the bottoms and make it look like a crowd shifting positions.
- Blasters across the series are real firearms (or models/props thereof) decorated with model part kits and whatnot, both for ease of editing (adding the energy bolts to the scenes, timed with the effects of the blank cartridges) and so the blasters actually looked like real weapons.
- Another reason was simple cost and supply. Even by the mid-1970s when the first movie was filmed, WWII-era weapons were still common and easily procured. Even more so, there were tons and tons of realistic plastic props of WWII weapons (particularly Nazi weapons) left over from 60s-era films or contemporary films (such as The Great Escape and The Dirty Dozen). This is why a vast majority of the weapons in the Star Wars universe are modeled closely after German firearms, even down to those used by the heroes such as Han's iconic blaster (modeled after a Mauser pistol). The most iconic Imperial weapon is modeled after a British firearm of the '60's and '70's, the Sterling sub-machine gun, likely as a result of needing large numbers of actually functioning weapons as described previously. It just so happened that at the time A New Hope was being filmed, the British Army was getting rid of most of its stock of Sterlings because sub-machine guns were falling out of favour as infantry weapons, and the rest is history. Also, using 'previous generation' weapons added to the Used Future feel of the series.
- This page gives a good idea towards the specifics of how kitbashing (greebling) was done regarding Star Wars props. The films are highly regarded as some of the best examples of how kitbashing can be used to effectively add visual depth.
- The Lightsabers are built out of the flash◊ from old cameras.
- In J.J. Abrams Star Trek, there are two items on the Conn Console in the bridge that will seem very familiar to any one who works retail. Apparently, bar code scanners are vital tech for Federation starships.
- In Back To The Future Part II, the garbage insertion device on top of the "Mr. Fusion Home Energy Converter" on the new improved DeLorean Time Machine, was actually a coffee bean grinder (a Krups Coffina model, to be specific... which is actually a highly valuable item among BTTF collectors, especially those who build models of the DeLorean).
- The same model of coffee grinder previously appeared in the Nostromo's galley in Alien, where it was actually used as a coffee grinder.
- Used a lot during Blade Runner for textures. During the extras, the model builder reveals that this is common practice. When it comes to making textures for a model, they tend to use kits, as they can provide nice detail at a great price.
- In the stop-motion adaptation of Coraline, at least some of the flowers in the garden scene are made out of dog toys, with various mechanisms hooked onto them to move them between the frames without relying on CGI.
- The flowers on trees were created with popcorn. Lots of popcorn.
- The Tumbler in The Dark Knight Saga was initially designed through kitbashing; afterwards there were four custom built full size street ready versions created and driven for exterior shots. Production designer Nathan Crowley noted how surreal it was to see huge blobs of model glue recreated on the full-size Tumbler, the model-makers having thought they were part of the design.
- In xXx, the heat-seeking rocket bazooka is clearly a Sony handycam with a couple of pieces of PVC pipe attached and then dipped in gray paint.
- The Ecto-1 from Ghostbusters is a life-sized example of kit-bashing. Every part you see is commercially available. It makes perfect sense because the Ghostbusters are supposed to be pretty strapped for cash most of the time and would have to build a lot of their equipment from whatever they could get their hands on.
- The model-makers for Alien relied on a great deal of kitbashing to get the effects shots done in time for the release, and ran out to a model shop where the first thing they laid eyes on was a model kit for Darth Vader's TIE Advanced. The entire hull of the Nostromo was made of bits and pieces of many TIE Advanced model kits.
- More set-bashing than kit-bashing: several setpieces used in the filming of Dark City (including the rooftops used in the foot chase) were sold off to the production crew of The Matrix, who were also filming in Australia and right after them.
Live Action Television
- Doctor Who:
- In The Sea Devils, they could get stock footage of a nuclear submarine on the surface, but not underwater. The underwater shots were, as described in the DVD commentary, a model sub bought from Woolworth's. Hilariously, however, this little submarine wound up causing an insane amount of trouble for the producers. As it turns out, the submarine they used was kitbashed with a rotor from a vacuum cleaner to make a 22-propeller sub. And the UK at that time had just turned out 22-propeller subs. Which was a state secret. And the footage was at first convincing enough to make the Navy believe that footage had been given out. You can see how this led to problems.
- In Planet of the Daleks, the Dalek Supreme is an oddity among most classic Daleks because it has a lighting up eyepiece and closely resembles the revival era design. However, a closer look at that aforementioned eyepiece reveals it to be a dolled up torch wedged into a tube.
- The Sixth Doctor's gun in "Trial of a Time Lord" is a heavily modified garden hose nozzle. It works better than you'd expect.
- More recently, The Runaway Bride had the villains using a remote control - which was essentially a modified Nintendo 64 controller.
- In Time Heist, Psi's hologram projector is a USB plug with an LED. It also works as an actual plug.
- The miniature of the city on Skaro has a few obvious visible toothpaste lids left in.
- Star Trek:
- Before CGI became the primary source of special effects, the various series often used bits and pieces of their own merchandise and spare copies of ship models. A prime example was the ships and debris at the Battle of Wolf 359 in TNG: "The Best of Both Worlds, Part II". The single-nacelle Freedom-class used a Constellation-class neck glued to a Galaxy nacelle, while the four-nacelled Cheyenne-class consisted of the saucer from one Galaxy model kit, the bridge from another, and highlighter markers for the nacelles.
- The pile of Borg corpses in the Star Trek: Voyager episode "Scorpion, part 1" were just action figures cut up with a multi-tool and glued together.
- The need to have a large number of starships in the days of physical models also led to Deep Space Nine featuring a fair number of kitbashed Starfleet ships in the background as well.
- The act of kitbashing is "honored" in Star Trek Online via the customization methods in place for ships. A player can make their own distinctive designs by mixing pylons, nacelles, and saucers from the different official ship classes (themselves often based on the kitbashes from Deep Space Nine). One notorious case of this from the shows is the similarity between the Akira-class escort seen in Deep Space Nine, and the NX-01 Enterprise from, well, Star Trek: Enterprise: it was essentially the same ship, just turned upside down!
- The opening of The Hitchhikers Guide To The Galaxy TV series shows the sun rising over a lovely landscape. Many viewers wrote in asking where it was, except for the model railway enthusiasts, who recognized the commercially available trees.
- The Derelict Graveyard in the Red Dwarf episode "Psirens" contains the remnants of whatever spaceship models the FX team had on hand, including the Narcissus shuttle from Alien, an Eagle Transporter from Space: 1999 and a Klingon battleship. (And the Esperanto from "Back to Reality", but that doesn't really count.)
- Gerry Anderson vehicles often used this, whether Supermarionation or live-action, especially the Pod Vehicles in Thunderbirds. They went through a lot of Tiger Joe tank tracks, among other things. This is why everything in Gerry's TV series was Made of Explodium; models were endlessly converted and re-used so they never blew up an actual model. Instead they stopped the camera, removed the model, which was too valuable for future use to destroy, and replaced it with a bomb and filmed the explosion. The result was that the model appeared to vanish into an all-consuming fireball.
Many of the models are seen disintegrating as they fall from cliffs, are dropped or collide with towers; but most are rebuilt and repurposed in later episodes; notably the half-track trucks. Several aircraft are visible in backgrounds that had been "destroyed" in earlier episodes, notably the 'Red Arrow' fighter (a modified SAAB Draken). A website shows how easy the kit-bashing for the Red Arrow likely was. The Draken was also used as the basis for another fighter in the episode The Cham-cham, though whether it was the Red Arrow recycled is unknown; probably not, since it would have been easier and quicker to make it from scratch. Another aircraft that got used a lot was the F-104 Starfighter; its fuselage, in particular, was used as part of at least 4 aircraft in the series, ranging from the Zombite fighter from The Uninvited to the ubiquitous Air-Sea Rescue jets seen in many episodes. Additionally, if you look on the back wall during the launch sequence of Thunderbird 1, you can clearly see a lemon squeezer used as part of the detailing.
In a similar fashion, most of the Mysteron complex on Mars (from Captain Scarlet and the Mysterons, of course) was made from kitchenware — salad strainers and the like.
- Pirate bases in the X-Universe series recognizably use chunks of other races' capital ships in their models (the hulls of the Argon Colossus and the Teladi Albatross are readily visible). Lampshaded by the flavor text, which notes that the bases are constructed mostly out of derelict ships. Teladi capital ships are made up of modular segments, which are swapped around, rotated, and re-sized to create new ships. The Teladi Albatross's main body is essentially two Teladi Condors welded side-to-side with their glowing generators removed, while the bridge of the Albatross is a sideways Phoenix nose. Being chincy and reusing parts is the Teladi's hat, so re-using parts is perfectly in-character. Space stations use modular sections as well which are swapped around depending on the station type, though real space stations likewise use this
- Pimp My Gun is a Flash app that allows you to kitbash your own virtual weapons out of parts from dozens of real life guns.
- The CGI series Gerry Anderson's New Captain Scarlet carries on the Supermarionation tradition; every car that doesn't appear on camera for more than a few seconds is a stock 3D model of a generic real-life car. It's not immediately obvious, but it's slightly jarring compared to the show's Twenty Minutes into the Future aesthetic. There's a couple of truck models that do look quite convincingly futuristic, but they were made specifically for a particular episode's plot and have been repeatedly recycled since.