Since this is a Death Trope, all spoilers will be unmarked. Don't say we didn't warn you!
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Anime and Manga
- Ango from 7 Seeds blames himself for Shigeru's death - thinking that if he had not been injured, he could've not been such a load when it was necessary. He also blames himself for Mayu's death, among other people who died during the Final Test, mostly because he feels he should've told them that the test would mean "Live Or Die" for all of them, though Shigeru's death is the biggest one for him and the one he blames himself the most about.
- The news of Katie's death hits hard Alyosha!, for the first time feeling anger and pain for the death of anyone. Fortunately, it was just a Disney Death.
- Eren Yeager from Attack on Titan seems to be collecting them. As a child, he was helpless to save his mother from being eaten by a Titan. Years later, he becomes The Sixth Ranger to The Squad, a team of exceptionally skilled soldiers known as the Special Operations Squad. On their first mission together, he's repeatedly asked to believe in them and not take on the Female Titan. He decides to do just that, leaving them to face the Female Titan alone and watches helplessly from a distance as the entire squad is wiped out. He immediately blames himself for making the wrong decision, and goes on a Roaring Rampage of Revenge.
- Thankfully, he narrowly avoids this happening with Armin, after convincing Levi that his friend should be saved instead of Erwin. Several of the other characters, however, feel that this is a "You Let Gwen Stacy Die" moment, and think that Erwin should've been saved instead.
- Reiner Braun feels eternally guilty about not being able to save his friend Marcel, who possessed the powers of the Jaw Titan, from being eaten by Ymir. It caused him to develop somewhat of a split personality because he couldn't shoulder his responsibilities, which lead to him being seen as a cool big brother by Eren and the rest of the Survey Corps recruits (mostly). Marcel's brother Porco calls Reiner out on this after he becomes the host of the Jaw Titan and sees Ymir's memories. And now Reiner seems to be setting himself up for this again.
- Kai goes through this in Beyblade V-Force after Wyatt's (version specific) fate at the hands of an unstable cyber bitbeast.
- Ichigo transformed from a crybaby who got beat up by girls into a badass protector of everyone due to the death of his mother Masaki which he spent years thinking was his fault. The real cause of her death becomes very important to his decisions and behaviour in the final arc.
- Uryuu's resolve to protect people from hollows and also to work with a quincy's traditional enemies, shinigami, comes from guilt at being unable to save his grandfather's life despite having been a young child at the time. His (and especially his father Ryuuken's) behaviour is also deeply connected to the death of his mother, Kanae Katagiri, whose mysterious death becomes extremely important in the final arc and is also linked to the real cause of Masaki's death.
- Luna in Casshern Sins. Casshern apparently killed her, causing the Ruin, and we are offered glimpses of his killing her at the beginning of every episode, although he doesn't remember any of it; his realization that he did it apparently causes a Heroic B.S.O.D. which leads him to try to make amends.
- Luna turns out to be alive later, but she also turns out to be a Jerkass, which leads the characters to question whether she is really Luna at all.
- In A Certain Scientific Railgun, Mikoto starts going into a mix of Heroic B.S.O.D. and a rage when she sees her clones get killed by Accelerator.
- Mary Magdalene's death in Chrono Crusade is the main event in Chrono's background that drives a lot of his actions in the present. In the manga, her role is fleshed out and she has much more of a personality, but the anime gives her nothing more than a flashback in one episode, which weakens her as a character and gives her little more to do than to give Chrono a reason to angst.
- In CLANNAD, after Tomoya Okazaki's wife Nagisa dies in childbirth, he regrets ever meeting her in the first place. He gets so bad that he barely looks at his daughter Ushio for five years. Getting over this forms the bulk of his Character Development in the second half of ~After Story~.
- Witnessing Teresa's death is the whole motivation that causes Clare to become a Claymore to begin with.
- Undine is also a shining example with Deneve as the Hero, and all the other Claymore who died in Pieta can be considered this.
- Code Geass has at least Euphemia and Shirley, the latter eventually kick starts Lelouch's Zero Requiem.
- Cowboy Bebop: Julia becomes a Gwen Stacy during the final episode, and it leads Spike to his own (possible) death in a fight with his arch-nemesis, who also dies in the process.
- Leomon, from Digimon Tamers, could fall under this as a male example. Juri blamed herself for his death, and how she coped with it led to the D-Reaper almost destroying the world. She later realises what Leomon meant in his dying words to her (whether this lesson is about destiny or her having a lion's heart depends on the region), and begins to fight back against the D-Reaper.
- Wizardmon from Digimon Adventure is probably this for Gatomon, as even by season 02 when his digital ghost reappears, it still haunts her and the rest of the chosen children from the first series to this day.
- In Fairy Tail Rogue Cheney from the future suffers this of having his Shadow Dragon Magic succumbs him after Frosch is killed by Gray Fullbuster when having a job request destroying Avatar, turning future Rogue evil as well, and plans to go back in time to use Zeref's Time magic and becoming a new Dragon King during Grand Magic Games arc. After his defeat at the hands of Natsu, but before returning to his timeline, he warned and entrust Natsu about his present-self, Frosch, and Gray's fate next year, thus Natsu vow to fullfill future Rogue's promises to subvert his and Frosch's fate into repeating itself.
- Another example is Zeref, which lead to his Start of Darkness. When he found out Mavis Vermillion had the exact same curse he has - specifically, Complete Immortality combined with an "Instant Death" Radius designed to kill anyone he could ever care about - he fell in love with her due to her treating him with kindness, and being the only person in the world who could ever truly understand him. The feelings were mutual, and they had The Big Damn Kiss... which killed her. Zeref had killed the only person he thought he could ever safely allow himself to care about and be around, and worst of all, it was The Power of Love that did it. That would break anybody.
- Canon Foreigner Lily McGwire fills this role in the Fatal Fury anime specials and movie. Despite defeating her murderer in the first TV special, Terry is still haunted by her death in the second special and movie. Even when Lily's soul comes to him and explicitely tells him to not grieve for him.
- Edward Elric has this in spades in Fullmetal Alchemist. He was unable to revive his mother, the botched attempt to revive his mother cost his brother his body, and he wasn't able to do anything better than attaching his brother's soul to a suit of armor, and then he wasn't able to save Nina. On top of that, he has a considerable amount of Survivor Guilt from Hughes' death.
- In Guilty Crown, Hare is killed off in an explosion mostly to make Shu feel bad. She's promptly forgotten about by the next episode.
- Van and Ray Lundgren's would be wives are this in GUN×SWORD.
- The Gundam meta-series has used this trope a LOT.
- Fllay Allster for Kira Yamato in Mobile Suit Gundam SEED and Stella Loussier for Shinn Asuka in Mobile Suit Gundam SEED Destiny. This is actually Shinn's second big loss as his entire family dies in episode 1 of SEED Destiny, which seems to justify his extreme skill as a mobile suit pilot, and issues with rage for the entirety of the series. Of course, Stella's death just made him angrier.
- In the same show, Rau Le Creuset may serve as a villainous example to Gilbert Durandal. Durandal's flashbacks show that he, in his capacity as Le Creuset's doctor and closest friend, was well aware of the latter's suicidal and nihilistic tendencies, but was unable to do anything about them, ultimately leading to Le Creuset's descent into insanity and eventual death while attempting to trigger the apocalypse. Durandal's Dark Messiah persona is based around ensuring that no one else ever has to suffer through the kind of pain, identity problems, and self-loathing that Rau did, leading him to try and create a world where no one will ever feel lost through any means necessary. Le Creuset's ghost even visits the Chairman repeatedly, nicely driving home the point. A rare case of one Big Bad's death triggering the rise of another.
- Anew Returner for Lyle Dylandy in Mobile Suit Gundam 00. Lyle goes into a Heroic B.S.O.D. after.
- And lest we forget, Yurin L'Ciel for Flit Asuno from the latest series Mobile Suit Gundam AGE. Seeing Flit completely lose it afterwards makes this depressing scene worse. Her death haunts him for the next seventy years, as he tries his hardest to slaughter all the Vagans he possibly can in revenge.
- Four Murasame is the most prominent in Mobile Suit Zeta Gundam for Kamille, although she wasn't the first or last death that would drive him forward in this series.
- And, of course, the original that all others usually nod to, Lalah Sune in Mobile Suit Gundam. She turns out to be an especially interesting case, since she died saving Char by throwing herself in front of Amuro's beam saber strike, leading to Char and Amuro blaming each other for her death for almost the rest of their lives.
- In Guyver Chronos kidnaps Sho's father and turns him into a Zoanoid who rips out the Guyver's brain, causing Sho to go unconscious which leads the Guyver killing Sho's father on autopilot. Sho doesn't remember this, but he develops a psychological block against transforming. He doesn't find out about what he did until later on, where his angst lasts for about a minute before he takes care of business.
- Issei in High School D×D experienced this when Asia had "died" the second time, causing him to activate Juggernaut Drive and eating Shalba Beelzebub, the guy responsible, alive. He would have died too if it weren't for Vali's Big Damn Heroes moment where it was revealed he and his group were able to get Asia out of the void dimension.
- He also has an interesting example much earlier on. Interesting because the Gwen Stacy in question, Yuuma/Raynare, had already murdered him once, killed above-mentioned Asianote , and mocked everything Issei had invested in their brief relationship. Issei snaps punches her, only for her to revert to her Yuuma persona and plead for her life. Issei couldn't bring himself to kill her, but left her to Rias' discretion, knowing Rias now had more reason to ever to see her dead. His deeply conflicted feelings over the whole affair leave him with intimacy issues that haunt him for a long time after.
- Kaze no Stigma had the main character's lover die which motivated him to form the pact and create the story.
- Haku and Zabuza. While their deaths weren't directly caused by Naruto or Team 7 (although it's arguable that Kakashi caused the death of Haku), they forced the three to realize the suffering that came with being a ninja, and inspired Naruto to create his own way of the ninja - to never go back on his words.
- Kakashi has lived a life full of regrets because he blames himself for both of his teammates' deaths. Unfortunately, only Rin died. Obito didn't, and let's just say he didn't take Rin's death too well...
- During the Fourth Shinobi World War, Hiashi mentally apologizes to Hizashi for letting Neji die, even though it wasn't his fault as Neji willingly took the bullet to save Naruto and Hinata.
- In One Piece, Ace's Heroic Sacrifice caused Luffy to suffer a massive shutdown, to the point he had to be carried off the battlefield by his allies. It's Ace's death that makes Luffy see that conviction and willpower alone isn't enough to become King of the Pirates, and that he's far too weak to go to the New World yet.
- Psycho-Pass has Akane's friend, Yuki, whose throat got slashed by Makishima after she failed to shoot him. Her death changed Akane for the rest of her life which made her mature and more cynical about the Sibyl System.
- Enforcer Teppei Sugo felt guilty for killing his own boss, Inspector Risa Aoyanagi, which he didn't know that at time due to her having a very high crime coefficient and his line of firing is blocked by a wall. Ginoza understood that he's following protocol and then, told him not to speak to him again.
- In Rurouni Kenshin the accidental death of Kenshin's first wife Yukishiro Tomoe at his own hands was the prime motivator for him to swear his no-killing oath and become a wandering swordsman to atone for his past.
- In The Sacred Blacksmith, the eponymous Blacksmith, Luke, is burdened with guilt for directly or indirectly causing the death of his childhood friend Lisa (pronounced "Leeza", not "Leesa"...). Eventually he finds out the awful truth: He's angsting himself unnecessarily. Lisa voluntarily risked herself to protect him from Big Bad Valbanill.
- The Sailor Team (Mercury, Mars, Jupiter and Venus) in Sailor Moon are unique in this aspect that they've actually literally died twice for Sailor Moon. The first time in the original series, Sailor Moon brings them back with the power of the Silver Crystal, but they lose their memories (anime-only). The second time, they actually die permanently at the hands of Galaxia, but... it gets complicated from there.
- Carrisford Radofrics in Str.A.In.: Strategic Armored Infantry, the death of whom disturbingly mirrors Sara's previous loss of her friends at Grabera.
- Willem from Suka Suka starts a romantic relationship with Fairy Soldier Chtholly, even proposing marriage to her, only for it to be cut short when she saves his life by sacrificing her own. His failure to protect her haunts Willem for the rest of the series.
- In Sword Art Online, Kirito joins a guild of players, keeping the fact that he was a former beta tester and significantly higher in experience levels than his guildmates secret. This turns around to bite him in the ass when, while doing a dungeon run, he and his party get trapped in a room they can't warp away from. Kirito's level provokes the spawn of an entire horde of high level monsters that, although Kirito was skilled enough to barely survive, they were way too much for his guildmates to handle. This causes the death of the entire guild (his party members dying in battle and the leader being Driven to Suicide). Kirito's guilt over letting his guildmates die drives him into Ineffectual Loner / Death Seeker territory for months afterward.
- Simon in Tengen Toppa Gurren Lagann blames himself for the death of Kamina. He does get better by episode 11 but watching 3 episodes of depressed Simon is no fun at all. His return kicks all kinds of ass, though. Yoko also seems to feel a degree of this, but for different reasons.
- In Vampire Knight, you have the death of Fuuka, who is slowly falling into a Level E vampire in the light novel. It's all the more of a Tearjerker when it's Aidou who kills Fuuka at Fuuka's request.
- Yoji of Weiß Kreuz is primarily motivated by the death of his partner and love interest Asuka. Ouka also becomes The Gwen Stacy for Omi after she's killed by Murphy's Bullet.
- Kamui Shiro of X/1999 gets one in the form of his love interest Kotori Monou, whose murder sends him into a Heroic B.S.O.D.. After he snaps out of it, he carries on with the oath to never let it happen to his friends ever again.
- Kisara from the last arc of Yu-Gi-Oh! is a prime example. Seto's romantic interest, she sacrifices herself to protect him and gives him the power of the Blue-Eyes White Dragon. This is what finally motivates him to reject the Dark Side.
- While not a death per se, Kolulu in Zatch Bell! largely fits this trope since, within the scope of the series, getting your book burned is, for all intents and purposes, death. She provides the bulk of the motivation for the main character to strive on to become King of the demon world.
- Also worth noting that Kolulu, Fllay, Stellar, and Clare are all voiced by the same seiyu.
- Gwendolyn "Gwen" Stacy of Spider-Man is the Trope Namer. In the story "The Night Gwen Stacy Died", after Gwen (Spidey's Love Interest at the time) is thrown off a bridge by the Green Goblin, Spidey tries to use his webbing to save her... but pulls too quickly and snaps her neck. Her death had a particular impact on comic book fans because it was a rare and early example of an important character dying (and a subversion of Not the Fall That Kills You to boot). In any case, as if the death of Uncle Ben, which Peter really could have prevented, wasn't enough, Gwen's death, which may or may not have been preventable, sent Spider-Man spiraling into a whole new level of Wangst, especially since her father, a cop that found out Peter was Spider-Man, was an earlier example during a fight he had with Doctor Octopus.
- There was a comic in the 1980s when Spidey found himself in the Gwen Stacy situation again. This time he let the webline play out a bit after snagging the rescuee and decelerated them gradually. His thought balloons specifically noted he had learned from his mistake.
- Similar to the 80s example, an issue of Marvel Knights Spider-Man had the Green Goblin pull it again, with Mary Jane as the victim. Spider-Man demonstrated having learned from his mistake by firing multiple web-lines so that every part of MJ would have support and she wouldn't be harmed. This example is interesting because Spidey's internal monologue reveals that, not only was he using multiple weblines to prevent the same mishap, but he was deliberately using several times more than needed, because he wasn't going to risk a thing if he could.
- Peter repeats this at the end of Superior Spider-Man with Anna Maria Marconi. However, as he himself puts it, he had already practiced so much he can practically do it in his sleep by now.
- There's also the "What if...?" comic in which Peter managed to save her. He jumped down to grab her directly and absorb the fall, instead of using his webbing. In the Spider-Man Trilogy this is exactly how he saves Mary Jane and Aunt May, who's put in the same situation.
- Ultimate Gwen Stacy died too, at the hands of Carnage this time. Spider-Man wasn't even around this time, but that doesn't stop him from kicking himself about it. It's later revealed that Carnage absorbed Gwen when it killed her, so she's not entirely "dead" and instead has Carnage as her Superpowered Evil Side.
- This trope is the reason Miles Morales from the same universe would become the second Spider-Man, but with Peter Parker in the role of Gwen Stacy this time. Though his mother dying is more like this moment.
- Some insight to Peter's mind was revealed in House of M where he wakes up next to Gwen instead of M.J. in the world that Scarlet Witch created had everyone's deepest desire come true. The theory was put forward that Peter's deepest desire was a world in which Gwen never died, and since he was in love with Gwen when she died it's no stretch at all to think they would have ended up married. That same world has Uncle Ben and Gwen's father still alive for similar reasons. Interestingly, Parker is also shown flirting with MJ at an interview for a new Spider-Man movie that they both star in together. Their chemistry together is noticed and discussed off-hand by other characters; the implication being that they are having an affair.
- In the alternate-future mini-series Spider-Man: Reign you have a somewhat similar scenario where Peter falls into a deep, long depression after accidentally causing the death of his wife Mary Jane. The depth and duration of his despair here by all appearances dwarfs what he went through when Gwen died (he got over that fairly soon in the 1970s, in no small part due to the unexpected emotional support from MJ).
- In that example, he doesn't even get over it enough to put on his costume again until her ghost (or something like a ghost) tells him that her final words to him ("go…") were actually cut short. She really meant to say, "Go get 'em tiger" one more time so he would know she was proud of him and didn't blame him for her death.
- In Spider-Verse, we get to meet a very interesting inversion: There's a universe where Gwen Stacy was bitten by the radioactive spider, becoming Spider-Woman. When Peter decides to try to be more like her, becoming the Lizard, he ends up dying and it weighs a lot heavier on her and her world than it did with Peter and Gwen's death, because it's seen as Spider-Woman having outright killed Peter by all involved.
- We later learn that there's another Peter who went through this. However, this broke him so badly, he killed the Green Goblin, killed Spider-Man, and became a Goblin of his own. It takes him meeting Spider-Gwen to get him on the right path.
- In Ultimate Marvel Peter Parker's death weighs heavily on the mind of Captain America. He confronts a copycat, and tries to prevent the same mistakes to take place again, and when he's given a vision by the Mind Gem of how he pulled victory out of the hands of defeat from Modi the Asgardian it's Peter's presence that causes him to snap out of it.
Captain America: No... This isn't what you died for.
- Batman: Jason Todd, the second Robin, who is beaten by the Joker to within an inch of his life with a crowbar, and later killed in an explosion. It's often mentioned as Batman's greatest defeat, and shaped his current personality to a significant degree. Ironically, when Todd comes back to life and Batman apologizes, Todd reveals that he forgave Bruce for letting him die. He was enraged, however, to discover that he had let the Joker live.
- This is referenced, of all places, in the Batman: The Brave and the Bold episode "Emperor Joker". However since Todd's death doesn't fit the show either in continuity or theme, we can assume it was just part of Bat-Mite's ramblings (note how Batman doesn't react to it.)
- This scenario was repeated in the early 10s with the fourth (post-New 52) Robin, Damian Wayne, Bruce's son. However, he wasn't killed by the Joker, he was killed by the order of his own mother, Talia al Ghul. Damian's death has sent Bruce over an edge to the point where he tried to force Jason to remember how he came back to life, and even broke a girl's nose to dissuade her from helping him fight crime.
- Subverted in Red Robin #10. Prudence (a former partner of Tim Drake in the League of Assassins) pulls a gun on the new Batgirl, Stephanie Brown, and says she was assigned to kill her. Tim has a time-slows-down/flashback monologue about how he can't possibly stop her in time and Steph is going to die and it's all his fault and he shouldn't have let her get involved in this... on the next page, Steph ("No, not Steph. Batgirl.") immediately disarms and wipes the floor with Prudence. That the gun wasn't loaded in the first place (Prudence was just testing Steph's reactions) diminishes nothing.
- In pre-Crisis Superman stories, Superman felt guilt for the rest of his life because, despite being the most powerful person in the world, he wasn't able to save Ma and Pa Kent from the rare disease that killed them. In addition to being an additional source of angst for a guy who was already the poster child for Survivor's Guilt, it was also an important lesson in humility for the man who can move planets, teaching him that even he has limits. Of course, after the Post-Crisis reboot, Ma and Pa Kent never died.
- A later story had Lois and Lana infected with the same disease. The cure came from Superman's own blood.
- Later on in the Post-Crisis continuity, Superman was unable to save Pa Kent from a heart attack. In the New 52 and Rebirth continuities, they were killed in a traffic accident by a drunk driver, a fact that has haunted Superman ever since.
- In the Marvel Transformers Generation One comics, Autobot spy Scrounge was Blaster's friend, even if he did have a tendency to report one too many false claims. However, Scrounge later died in a smelting pool trying to relay information about Optimus Prime's whereabouts, and with Blaster's help succeeded. Blaster was angsting ever since.
- In Boom! Kids' Darkwing Duck series, one of the alternate universe Darkwings fights with a bow and arrows, because, in his universe, his daughter Gosalyn pulled a Heroic Sacrifice, and there was nothing he could do to save her. He took up her Quiverwing Quack superhero identity in remembrance of her.
- Another alternate universe Darkwing lost his Gosalyn, thinking she had run away from home, and it made an impact on him as well, but he tried to cope with it in an entirely different manner; by becoming a Knight Templar named Darkwarrior Duck and ruling St. Canard as a merciless dictator with an All Crimes Are Equal policy.
- In ElfQuest, healer Leetah has never seen death before when her friend Thiro suddenly dies from an animal attack. She realizes that because of her healer magic, the villagers had grown careless; but also that because she was so confident of her abilities, she was never prepared to deal with serious injury. To understand death, she ends up stabbing herself on purpose and healing her own mortal wounds, and becomes a stronger and more responsible healer by doing so.
- Sonic the Hedgehog went into a Heroic B.S.O.D. in Sonic the Comic when Chaos killed Johnny.
- Deconstructed in the original Marshal Law miniseries. Marshal Law's girlfriend Lynn is raped and murdered by superpowered Serial Killer the Sleepman. It is then revealed that the Sleepman is actually Marshal Law's Mission Control, and that the influence of Marshal Law's ultraviolent and sadistic approach to law enforcement played a major role in corroding his fragile mental and moral state to the point that he started killing people.
- In the period of Fantastic Four when Johnny Storm was thought dead, the Thing was hit with this horribly, as he had been restored to normal old Ben Grimm during that period, leaving him helpless to save his friend.
- In the last arc of Runaways, Klara and Old Lace are caught in an explosion; Old Lace dies, and Klara lives, but temporarily loses control of her powers, trapping the other Runaways inside a large forest. This irritates her teammates, until Chase and Victor began blaming her for everything that has gone wrong. A later appearance in Avengers Academy reveals that she's taken the accusations to heart, and now believes herself responsible for Old Lace's death.
- Happens a lot in Regular Show fanfics where Rigby becomes Mordecai's Gwen Stacy in the "Rigby dies and Mordecai suffers from it" fics.
- Tsukey is this for Tavros in Hivefled. She was one of the members of the sufferist cult and his former palecrush; he couldn't convince her to come with the main cast, and she was later captured, tortured for information and eventually killed, becoming one of the Kin along the way.
- Subverted in Ultimate Sleepwalker: The New Dreams when the Green Goblin throws Gwen Stacy off the bridge and Spider-Man jumps after her to save her. He successfully manages to do so by spinning a full-fledged web net that cushions Gwen's entire body and prevents her from being hurt. Unfortunately, the Goblin had anticipated Spider-Man being able to save her, and plans to attack them while Spider-Man is getting Gwen to safety so they both fall to their deaths. Luckily, he didn't anticipate Sleepwalker catching up to the scene and distracting him, giving Spider-Man the time he needs to get Gwen to safety...
- One fan of My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic was warped enough to make a shot-for-shot parody of this using screencaptures lifted directly from the show. God bless him.
Films — Animated
- In Wreck-It Ralph, Calhoun in Hero's Duty has been programmed with the most tragic backstory ever: her fiancé was eaten by a Cy-Bug on their wedding day because she had forgotten to do a perimeter check. This whole "tragic backstory" is deliberately played up to such absurd levels that it's pure black comedy, as the bug just appears out of nowhere, and she immediately pulls out a giant minigun from under her dress and starts shooting, screaming in terror. She and the other soldiers have learned from this mistake, as seen in her and Felix's wedding.
Films — Live-Action
- After Captain George Stacy died helping Spider-Man stop the Lizard in The Amazing Spider-Man, Peter's guilt over this event essentially plays out in this manner in The Amazing Spider-Man 2, as he struggles with his love for Gwen and his fears that his being Spider-Man will lead to her dying. Towards the end of the film, Spider-Man finds himself trying to save Gwen from falling to her death in a clock tower whilst fighting off the Green Goblin; at the same time he knocks out the Goblin, however, the webline that Gwen is hanging from snaps and Spidey dives after her. Realising he won't reach Gwen before she hits the floor, Peter fires a webline to Gwen and grabs hold of a pole to stop their falls, the sudden stop causing the webline to go taut and the resulting recoil caused Gwen's head to hit the ground. Peter's guilt and depression over not being able to save Gwen sees him quit being Spider-Man for 5 months.
- Really this trope is Peter's guiding principle in general, probably to a higher degree than in other adaptations. Peter starts out his superhero career because he believes he brought about Uncle Ben's death by forcing Ben to look for him on the streets of New York, resulting in the incident that got him shot (the incident he could have prevented). The Raimi-verse Peter sought revenge against the thug who shot his uncle but his actual heroic motivation is derived from wanting to honor Ben's last words whereas the Amazing universe Peter pushes on due to personal commitment (this explains his more crude and savage early attempts at being a hero, since he was more in it for himself, and what allows his Character Development to take place further on).
- Superman (1978). There is a giant earthquake that threatens the very existence of California. Superman races against time to seal the fault before catastrophic damage is unleashed. While successful, several aftershocks occur, forcing Superman to complete several daring rescues (e.g., saving a school bus from falling over the railings of a crumbling Golden Gate Bridge and a train from falling into a hole in the tracks). While Superman is kept busy with rescue after rescue, Lois Lane is caught in one of the aftershocks while driving on a little-used road. The car - which stalls after running out of gas - begins to fall into a large crack, and the car is caught in an avalanche of debris and dirt before Lois can escape; she is eventually suffocated. Superman finally locates Lois' car, finds her dead and screams in angst.
- The trope is quickly reversed when the distraught Superman – ignoring Jor-El's admonition to not alter human history – reverses time to the point where Lex Luthor unleashed his evil plan (setting off the above ground nuclear explosion), and thus saves Lois.
- Deja in Higher Learning has a relationship with main character Malik up until the end, where she is a victim of a campus shooting spree. This causes Malik to straighten up and fly right at the very end of the film.
- In The Dark Knight, Rachel becomes Batman's Gwen Stacy when her warehouse blows up. This takes an emotional toll on Batman for the rest of the movie and raises the stakes of his feud with the Joker. She could also be considered a Gwen Stacy for Harvey Dent, as he had been saved in her place, likely thinking Batman chose to save him because he was more important to Gotham (when actually it was because the Joker lied). This has the opposite effect of pushing Harvey down the path to villainy.
- In The Dark Knight Rises, Bruce is still brooding, having hung up his costume partly because of his guilt over Rachel's death. It's not until much later that Alfred finally reveals that Rachel wasn't going to stay with Bruce but planned to accept Harvey's marriage proposal.
- Shmi Skywalker and Padme in the Star Wars prequels could be considered Anakin Skywalker's Gwen Stacys, as they both fed into his wangst that aided his Face–Heel Turn. The former's death he believed he could have prevented if he had stayed at home, while the latter he believed that he had accidentally killed (after all the trouble he went through turning evil to save her).
- In the second Austin Powers, Vanessa becomes this for all of thirty seconds before Austin realizes that this means he's single and available. Cue theme song. However, when Dr. Evil manages to kill Felicity, Austin goes on a Roaring Rampage of Revenge (as much as it's possible for Austin) until Evil tells him that, with the Time Machine, he can go back and save Felicity.
- This is the fate for Jean Grey at the end of X2: X-Men United for both Cyclops and Wolverine - though Cyclops, being married to her, takes it a lot harder. Of course she comes back with an appropriate Face–Heel Turn.
- Piper Perabo's character in The Prestige who drowns during a botched escape trick, causing her husband to declare a vendetta against the man who tied the knots around her wrists.
- Silence of the Lambs gives us a more symbolic Gwen Stacy: when Clarice Starling was young, she was woken up by lambs being led to a slaughter. This motivated her to try to save one, but she failed at this; at a later age, she went on to join the FBI, and while on the Buffalo Bill case, Hannibal Lecter gets her to relate this story. At the end, after Lecter escapes custody and Buffalo Bill is caught, he calls Clarice to ask her "Have the lambs stopped screaming?", driving the role of the lamb as a metaphorical Gwen Stacy.
- Invoked in the Live-Action Death Note movies. Light uses his Death Note to kill Naomi Misora...by having her kill his girlfriend and be so horrified at her actions she commits suicide (he can do this by detailing how they both die in the notebook). He then plays this card with L, talking about how his girlfriend is dead because of the Kira case and asking to be put on the case to catch Kira (really so he can get inside information on the people trying to stop him). L agrees, but makes it very clear he's not falling for it.
- Godzilla (2014) has this for Joe Brody. Back in 1999, he had his wife Sandra go down to investigate the Janjira NPP's reactor in the wake of mysterious tremors. Not only did this put her in harm's way when there was a breach, he ends up having to close the blast doors on her and her team in order to keep radioactive gas from leaking into the rest of the city. His obsession with figuring out the cause of the breach that killed his wife leads to him discovering that some large, strange entity is now active in the ruins of the facility.
- Spider-Man Trilogy: Averted. Mary Jane is put in a situation similar to Gwen Stacy's in the The Night Gwen Stacy Died, but Spider-Man saves her in time. In Spider-Man 3, Gwen Stacy almost falls to her death from off of a building, and stops herself from falling.
- In Top Gun, Maverick and Goose are Heterosexual Life-Partners, Goose being essentilly the only family Maverick has. So when Goose dies in a training exercise gone wrong, Maverick takes it very hard, essentially quitting. Going through the scenario again when actually under fire enables Maverick to break out of his BSOD and live up to his full potential.
Viper (about 2 weeks after the incident): The simple fact is that you feel responsible for Goose and you have a confidence problem.
- In Rambo: First Blood Part II, Rambo falls in love with his female contact Co, but she is later shot in the back. This sparks his Roaring Rampage of Revenge at the end of the film.
- In Ant-Man, Hank Pym, the original Ant-Man was broken by his wife's death when she committed a Heroic Sacrifice during one of their missions. As a result, Hank retired from being a superhero and prevented his daughter from taking the mantle. However, he changes his mind when Scott Lang, the second Ant-Man, escapes from the subatomic level, which gives him hope that his wife might be still alive; in The Stinger, he lets his daughter take up the mantle as the second Wasp.
- The Hunger Games: Katniss' sadness over Rue's death leads her to go to great lengths to protect Peeta.
- Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice establishes that Jason has already died in the film universe. Suicide Squad mentions that both Joker and Harley both participated in the murder.
- Susan Delgado for Roland in The Dark Tower series.
- Not to mention his mother, who he was tricked into shooting to death.
- This trope has also happened to James Bond. In On Her Majesty's Secret Service, Bond ends up marrying the Girl of the Week. She is then killed by Bond's enemies, leaving him emotionally distraught.
- Happens to Kethlun on Yali's account in Shatterglass, combined with Stuffed in the Fridge.
- In Harry Potter, Lily Potter is this for Severus Snape.
Dumbledore: After all this time?
- This also came up in the fifth and sixth books. After Sirius Black was targeted by Voldemort due to his and Harry's close relationship, Harry decides to break up with Ginny to avoid her becoming his Gwen Stacy.
- The seventh book loved this trope. First, played straight with Hedwig. Averted later, as many characters die and there isn't much Angst about it.
- In the Deptford Mice trilogy, Thomas Triton is haunted by feelings of guilt for supposedly killing his friend Woodget Pipple, although it happened while he was under mind control so he was not responsible for his actions. Unbeknownst to him, however, Woodget is still alive with Identity Amnesia.
- In Ender's Shadow, Bean blames himself for not saving Poke's life from Achilles.
- In the Prologue of The Alloy of Law, Bloody Tan manages to maneuver Wax into shooting and killing his girlfriend, Wax spends the rest of the book dealing with the trauma.
- In Tom Kratman's Caliphate, Hamilton having to give the order to bomb the position where an already-wounded Laurie Hodge (his girlfriend) was surrounded by Filipino Muslim rebels and about to be raped is enough to push him to leave the military.
- Elizabeth in Frankenstein.
- A Song of Ice and Fire:
- Eddard Stark has never forgiven himself failing to rescue his sister and fulfills her Last Request until he dies, though we don't know what it was and we can only suppose.
- Oberyn Martell also felt guilty that had he not made fun of his older sister Elia's suitors, then she would have been alive, Happily Married with children and not an unfortunate casualty to Robert's Rebellion. This made him into a vengeful man wanting to kill the guy responsible for it and he fulfilled it at the cost of his life.
- Sir Barristan Selmy felt that he failed his duty as Kingsguard after having seen three kings come and go. After Joffrey fired him for failing to protect his father, Robert Baratheon, Barristan went to the other side of the world to protect Daenerys Targaryen.
- Austin from Hollow Places feels immensely guilty for using his sister as a meat shield when they were attacked by a predator drone a decade prior to the book's opening. Making up for her death is one of his main motivations for attempting his heroics.
- Katniss never gets over not being able to save Rue in The Hunger Games.
- In the final book of the series she has similar feelings about having agreed to be separated from Peeta in the Quarter Quell arena, thus making it possible for the Capitol to take him prisoner. While Peeta is still physically alive the person she gets back from the Capitol is not the boy she fell in love with but a tortured and mind raped person programmed to want to kill her on sight. Se states that for all intents and purposes she feels he is dead, grieves him as such and her whole motivation for going after Snow in the second half of the book is to avenge her lost love, as well as make amends for her role in his fate.
- Magic: The Gathering: Chandra Nalaar explains in The Purifying Fire that when she was young and first discovering her extraordinary talent for pyromancy, she lit a large bonfire outside of her village. Soldiers from The Empire saw the flames and believed the village was training an army of pyromancers to overthrow the government. They barricaded all of the villagers inside their houses and let them burn to the ground. The trauma ignited Chandra's planeswalker spark, and she fled her home. She never returned, but she couldn't leave behind the guilt of inadvertently causing the death of all her friends and family.
- Rachel's death at the end of the last Animorphs book breaks both Jake and Tobias completely. Tobias abandons all pretense of humanity and gives in to the hawk morph entirely for years, while Jake falls into a long depression that takes the rest of the Animorphs beating the crap out of him to snap him out of. Jake is the straighter example of the two since being the leader it's his orders which resulted in Rachel's death.
- The Casefiles version of The Hardy Boys has Joe angsting and seeking revenge against the Assassins through several books after his long-time girlfriend, Iola, accidentally sets off a car bomb meant for the brothers.
- After Tris shoots a brainwashed Will to defend herself in Divergent, she angsts about his death for the rest of the series after it happens, and never fully forgives herself.
- Uriah slips into a coma, brain damaged beyond hope after being caught in the rebellion attack in Allegiant. Four blames himself, since he participated in the attack, and like Tris with Will he never really lets go of his guilt.
- The Stormlight Archive: Kaladin has a long list of failures that stack together to cripple him, but the first and worst is his brother Tien's death. Tien was sent to war as revenge against their father, and Kaladin followed in a failed attempt to keep him safe.
- Many in Buffy the Vampire Slayer, since this is a Joss Whedon show after all; Tara may be the most notable.
- In the Doctor Who mini-episode "The Night of the Doctor", the Eighth Doctor meets a prospective companion, Cass, who turns out to be a soldier in a war with his species. When he shows her the TARDIS, she realizes what he is and refuses to board, despite his lame protestations that he's "one of the nice ones." Cass' ship goes down, and she is killed in the crash. This turns out to be the lever which causes the Doctor to join the war effort: As an act of solidarity with Cass' cause, Eight takes her bandoleer and regenerates into the War Doctor, a soldier with no particular allegiance to either side in the war — only its victims.
- The Series 9 endgame revolves around this. In "Face the Raven", his beloved companion Clara Oswald is Killed Off for Real in a Senseless Sacrifice when she tries to protect an innocent used as bait by Ashildr merely to trap the Doctor for the Time Lords. The Doctor blames himself for this disaster — he saved Ashildr's life in a way that made him immortal and eventually resentful of him, he saved the Time Lords at Clara's behest, and he didn't do more to stop Clara from trying to be like him when she was far more "breakable". Clara tells him it's HER fault and no one else's since she made the foolish choice to take on a death sentence, and tries to convince him to hold to his principles, not seek revenge for her death, and keep helping others as her fate looms. But he despairs "What's the point of being a Doctor if I can't cure you?" Over the course of the next two episodes, "Heaven Sent" and "Hell Bent", his anguish and guilt over her demise is exacerbated by torture, meaning he never has a chance to process her death in a healthy way. By the time he escapes, he's been Driven to Madness and "saves" Clara by violating a fixed point in time and his principles, risking the safety of the space-time continuum and everybody in it for one person. Ashildr points out, again, that he was NOT responsible for Clara's death, while Clara herself causes him to realize his love for her is keeping him from being a hero. In the end, he is mind-wiped of key memories of her — he doesn't recall her face, voice, or why he loved her, and thus has no idea she's now Only Mostly Dead and having adventures with Ashildr! Now up to this point a Catchphrase of Clara's was "Run you clever boy...and remember me", as he'd first encountered her as "echoes" who helped him, and usually died for him, across space and time. But she changes it to leave one last message for him at the end, reminding him of what he really needs to do: "Run you clever boy...and be a Doctor".
- Game of Thrones:
- There was absolutely nothing Brienne of Tarth could do to defend her beloved king against Melisandre's black magic, but she nevertheless feels horrible that she couldn't save Renly Baratheon. She later feels this way about Lady Catelyn, who she similarly couldn't save because she was performing a task given by her and wasn't at the Twins at the time of the Red Wedding.
- Barristan Selmy takes his failure to protect the drunken King Robert from the boar quite hard, despite being directly ordered to stand aside and Ned telling him it wasn't his fault. In addition, while he was disgusted by the Mad King's actions he still did his best to honor his vow to him and his failure to do so still haunts him. He carries further guilt for failing to stop Robert from killing Rhaegar and for failing to protect Rhaegar's wife and children from The Mountain. Basically, Ser Barristan has a lot of Gwen Stacys.
- On the reimagined Battlestar Galactica, President Roslin was forced to make a split-second decision to shoot down the Olympic Carrier (a commercial space liner) when it began a kamikaze maneuver. She reveals in a later episode that she carries around index cards as a reminder of her past mistakes. The latest one says "Olympic Carrier".
- Angel's very first client, a waitress with a stalker problem, ended up being murdered on his watch.
- The finale even featured a villain listing off all the people Angel failed to protect over the course of the show.
- Family Matters: The 1991 Very Special Episode "I Should Have Done Something" sees Carl unusually apprehensive and crabby (even for him) as the one-year anniversary of a hostage situation gone wrong approaches. Carl blames himself for the hostage's murder, despite being told time and again that he and the other officers handled the situation correctly. Incidentally, it is only after Carl goes to the old man's grave and breaks down in tears as he begs for the victim's forgiveness that he is approached by the old man's widow, who helps Carl realize that he was not to blame for her husband's death.
- Josette DuPres, fiance of Barnabas Collins in Dark Shadows.
- Sam from Supernatural had prophetic dreams about girlfriend Jessica's murder, and felt he should have been able to save her; both she and his mother were targeted (and killed) because of their relationship to him. Cue self-hatred.
- Supernatural has quite a few Gwen Stacys. Dean was a child when his mother died horribly at the hands of a demon. Sam was a baby and can't remember it, but Dean can and does, and feels terrible guilt over the fact that he couldn't save her. Dean was four years old. Their father suffers the same guilt, even though they all would have died if he hadn't gotten the kids out of the fire first.
- Mystery Spot is one of the best examples of Mood Whiplash in the series, going from absolutely hilarious to a punch in the emotional gut. Sam is put in a "Groundhog Day" Loop in which he relives a Tuesday over 10,000 times, each time witnessing Dean dying in ways he can't predict. The deaths are comedic at first, until it hits home that Sam has tried everything to save his brother - and over 10,000 times, has failed.
- Sha're becomes this for Daniel Jackson in Stargate SG-1 when she is kidnapped and possessed by a Goa'uld in the pilot. Many of the early seasons are spent with Daniel Jackson wangsting over not being yet able to save her. Eventually she is killed by Teal'c, nearly causing Daniel to quit the team. He doesn't and Status Quo returns because he find out she has a baby for him to rescue.
- After they're found, Skaara appears a few times, but Daniel hardly mentions his wife again. The child appears on two more occasions, outside of which he isn't mentioned again either.
- Caitlin almost becomes this for Peter in Heroes, except he quickly forgets she ever exists, and leaves her in a disease-stricken alternate reality (which no longer exists after solving the season's plot means that it won't come to pass.) Oh well, that's life. Same for Simone in Season 1 when she is forgotten almost as quickly as she is killed. Charlie Andrews was Hiro's Gwen Stacy (which was even mentioned within the show). Except now, thanks to Hiro's time-meddling, she's alive again, at least.
- Homeland: One of Carrie's contacts dies due to her inability to protect the operative. She blames the person's death on herself and doesn't cope with it well. She and the rest of the CIA also treat 9/11 as this, though it more My Greatest Failure.
- In Torchwood: Children of Earth, Ianto Jones is killed off (due to the Captain's actions), causing Jack huge amounts of angst.
- Lost: Shannon for Sayid, Libby for Hurley, Juliet for Sawyer, and Charlotte for Daniel. Arguably Nadia for Sayid, once he leaves the island.
- In the Human Target episode "Christopher Chance" it's revealed that Chance left Katherine alone long enough for Baptiste to blow up the boat she was hiding in, a mistake that cemented his Heel–Face Turn and one he's still atoning for.
- It also reveals the reason for why he refuses to leave a client alone.
- Clark Kent on Smallville Wangsts about any death that he fails to prevent, although Jonathan's death probably is the best example.
- Jesse Pinkman from Breaking Bad feels this way about his girlfriend Jane's death from a heroin overdose, and it takes him much of a season to finally overcome the guilt.
- Cruelly inverted/subverted when Walter White, without remorse, tells Jesse to his face that he "watched Jane die", as Jesse was being taken by the Aryan gang.
- Series/House has two: first, Amber "Cutthroat Bitch" Volakis, one of the candidates for House's diagnostic team in Season 4 who didn't make the cut, but later returned as Wilson's girlfriend. She was on a bus with House when she came to take him home after he went drinking when the bus crashed. Amber suffered injuries that, combined with flu medication, caused her to suffer multiple organ failure and die. House's guilt over her death remained seeded in him before manifesting in Season 5 as a Vicodin-induced hallucination. The second is Lawrence Kutner, a member of the team who committed suicide in Season 5. House convinced himself for some time that it was actually murder, since suicide would've meant that he never caught on to his problems. When House hallucinates both Amber and Kutner at the end of Season 5, he concedes that he needs help and checks himself into a psychiatric hospital. Both hallucinations return one last time for the series finale when House begins to ponder whether his own life is worth living.
- In Criminal Minds, Hotch spends most the episode "Omnivore" angsting about all of the people he could have saved if he hadn't given up on finding the Boston Reaper. Rossi snaps him out of it with the healing, healing power of caustic mockery.
Rossi: So you think this is your fault?Hotch: (voice tight) It is.Rossi: Well, here, use mine. (offers Hotch his gun) No, really, you've convinced me. You hung up on him, practically killed them yourself. Go on, get it over with. Don't worry about us, we'll get this guy without you.Hotch: Dave, I had ten years to do something about this!Rossi: Shaughnessy made the deal. The killing stopped, he closed the case and sent the BAU away. For ten years you worked on other cases, active cases-Hotch: But I kept coming back to this profile.Rossi: Hey, I was retired! Should I blame myself for every victim that got killed when I was on my book tour? Look, if you wanna end up like Shaughnessy, like Gideon, blaming yourself for everything, you go ahead. But that voice in your head? It's not your conscience, it's your ego. This isn't about us, Aaron, it's about the bad guys. That's why we profile them, it's their fault. We're just guys doing a job, and when we stop doing it, someone else will. Trust me, I know.Hotch: (gesturing to the gun) You can put that away now.Rossi: You sure?Rossi: My wife always said I had a flair for the dramatic.Hotch: Which one?Rossi: All of 'em.Hotch: Thanks.Rossi: Anytime.
- An interesting version occurs for Monk: Although Monk does not continuously blame himself for his wife's death (although for the first season or two he does), he does blame his failure to locate the true murderer and bring them to justice, due to his excellent deductive skills. It is this reason why Monk feels he has to solve every crime and murder he comes across to make up for his failure.
- Person of Interest: Jessica called Reese for help, but he was on a mission and couldn't be there in time.
- When the Machine started generating the Irrelevant List, Finch ordered it to delete the List. However, his best friend Nathan put in a back door into the system and tried to save the people the List indicated were about to be murdered. When Finch discovered this, he cut off Nathan's access not realizing that Nathan's name was about to appear on the List. When Nathan was killed, Finch took it very hard and devoted his life to saving as many people on the List as he can.
- Both Finch and Reese take it very hard when they are unable to save someone on the List.
- When Root was a child, her best friend was kidnapped and murdered. This shaped her entire life and caused her to become a villain. When she figures out who the killer was, her revenge was merciless. Her Heel–Face Turn comes when she averts this trope by willingly stepping into the path of a bullet to save the life of an innocent man she is protecting.
- Parodied (along with many other Police Procedural tropes) in the 30 Rock episode "Alexis Goodlooking and the Case of the Missing Whisky," where Jenna has a whodunit storyline in which she draws on her experience playing TV detective Alexis Goodlooking ("who is also good-looking, and her special ability is being good at looking for clues"). From a clip of the failed pilot:
Alexis: Let's get forensics in here. Have the techs lift a latent print and run it against AFIS. Maybe the perp's in the system. [thousand-yard stare] Unlike my husband's killer, who got away and it haunts me.
- Happens to Hercules in Hercules: The Legendary Journeys twice with both his wives. Both are killed by the Gods to spite him.
- Allison's death in Teen Wolf. The fact that she was Scott's main love interest and his 'anchor', and the fact that Allison was the female lead probably doesn't help the case either.
Scott: I can't take your pain!Allison: That's because it doesn't hurt...
- In the second season premiere of The Flash (2014), Barry Allen/The Flash is so shook up by the deaths of his friends Eddie Thawne and Ronnie Raymond during the events of the first season finale that he now insists on working alone to avoid losing anyone else. By the end of Season 2, failing to prevent Zoom from killing his father and coming face to face with the real Jay Garrick from Earth 3, who is his father's doppelganger, Barry jumps back in time and saves his mother, creating a new reality that will be explored in Season 3, where both his parents are alive and well, but none of his friends (or his love) remember him.
- In Season 2, Patty's motivation for becoming a cop on the Metahuman Task Force is to bring down Mark Mardon, the man who killed her father during a bank robbery and is now the supervillain Weather Wizard. In the Christmas Episode "Running to Stand Still", Patty reveals that she actually blames herself as much as Mardon for her father's death - a teenager at the time, she was supposed to be at the bank instead of her father, depositing money from her father's shop, but she had chosen to ditch her responsibilities to hang out with her friends.
- MacGyver (1985): In "The Widowmaker", Mike dies after falling off a cliff while rock-climbing with Mac. Mac believes he blames himself for her death and is in a depressive funk for the first half of the episode as a result, and it will take both Nikki's convincing and the return of Murdoc to get him back into shape.
- Lhikan pulled a Heroic Sacrifice to save Vakama, when Vakama tried to use the Mask of Time. This gave Vakama the extra determination he needed to cripple the Makuta, so he and the other Toa Metru could seal him away.
- Early in his career as a Toa, Lesovikk accidentally led his team into an group of Zyglak and, because of his hesitation, all of his teammates, including his
girlfriendbest friend Nikila, were killed. He spent the next several thousand years trying to redeem himself.
- While on the quest for the Seventh Toa, Jaller was killed while protecting Takua, which prompted the latter to don the mask and turn into Takanuva and fight Teridax. Unlike other examples, after Takanuva achieved this goal Jaller was revived (although he didn't know this would happen at the time).
- Final Fantasy VII: Aerith Gainsborough for Cloud. Actually, her example is to video game fans what Gwen's was for comic fans for the very same reasons. Her death provides the motive for Cloud to take down Sephiroth, but he is still angsting about it by the time the movie comes around, though Advent Children Complete and other materials make it clear that his angst in the film also relates to his failure to find a cure for the Geostigma, afflicting himself and Denzel, a hefty dose of survivor's guilt towards Zack, and depression and anxiety are symptoms of Geostigma.
- Noctis suffers from immense guilt at Luna's death in Final Fantasy XV, even though the way it was set up made it seem like it was inevitable.
Noctis: All I wanted was to save you...
Noctis: It's... so hard... Guess it was hard for you too. I'm sorry... I couldn't be there for you.
- Watching Noctis break down and consequently mourn for weeks after it occured is a punch to the gut, especially when he finally realises just how much she must have struggled to help him, and how he had been oblivious to all the hardships she had been through until it was too late and ends up crying alone.
- Detective Badd blames himself for Cece Yew's death in Ace Attorney.
- Played with in Trials and Tribulations. Phoenix never blamed himself for Mia's death, but Godot sure did. For clarity: while Godot outwardly blames Phoenix for most of the game, at the end of the game Godot admits that, more than anything, he blamed himself for not being able to be there, even though he was comatose and near death himself.
- Baldurs Gate 2 has a particularly interactive version of this trope. Half way through the game, your ally and party member Yoshimo, if traveling with you, reveals that he's been magically forced to spy on you, and fights you to the death. This is unlike most other forms of the trope where the main character is the target. This time it targets the player. It relies on the fact that the player has probably invested quite a bit of effort in building Yoshimo.
- Iris to Zero in Mega Man X4. Specifically, Zero was the one who accidentally killed her, and they were set up as a couple, even. Granted, she was already on her way out since she absorbed her brother's DNA, because the whole reason they're siblings is because the original reploid they were meant to be could not handle the stresses of being together. However, Zero does feel guilt over the fact that he had to be the one to put her down, to the point that he tries to avoid all attachment to prevent that kind of loss again.
- Maria Robotnik serves this role for Shadow the Hedgehog.
- Isara in Valkyria Chronicles gets shot at one point during the game, causing everyone to be depressed and then motivated to fight for her sake for the next couple of chapters. It can be a little jarring, though, because it's possible to lose other members of Squad 7 in ordinary battles. Even if you're acutely aware of Gameplay and Story Segregation, it's hard not to be upset at the main cast for dropping everything to mourn for Isara, but not batting an eye at your favorite squad member (who's been in just as many battles as they have) getting killed.
- But if you play like a lot of people do in game that have Final Deaths like Fire Emblem that would be the first death that happened to them so then they have a reason to be depressed and furthermore if I'm not mistaken it's canon that no-one minus Isara actually died during the game.
- In Valkyria Chronicles III, not only the Power Trio let their Gwen Stacy Gusurg die, they even shoot him himself. There's even a DLC specifically dealing with the psychological aftermath.
- Temporarily hit Lamia Loveless in Super Robot Wars OG Gaiden, whereas although she was really just separated due to a shot that hit somewhere else, Kyosuke Nanbu thought she's dead and goes a bit of a Wangst followed by a Heroic B.S.O.D. about not letting anyone else suffer her fate. Until eventually she came back Brainwashed and Crazy, and sets up for Axel Almer's Heel–Face Turn event.
- Kyosuke had a good reason for the Angst. He had rescued Lamia, was holding her in the palm of the Alt's (his Mech) hand and was talking to her. Unfortunately, he had also let his guard down (something he often warned others against), and the shot that was fired was aimed at the hand that was holding Lamia, causing him to throw her away and out of the reach of the others. And according to Axel, if he did not interfere, he predicts that Kyosuke would fall into despair out of this trope... and turns into another world-destroying maniac like Beowulf. It's that bad.
- Also previously in Super Robot Wars Alpha 3, this hit Aya Kobayashi earlier when Ryusei launched a reckless attack against Balmar general Hazal Gozzo, and from that, not just Aya is thought to be dead, SRX is destroyed, forcing him to a lesser mecha until it's rebuilt as the far more powerful SR-Altered Banpreios. Turns out Aya's just captured and the Balmar made a great use of her psychic power to make Mai's greater psychic power to run amok and threaten the party. But all is well when it turns out Aya has been rescued by both Luria Qayitz and Baran Doban.
- South Town, where Terry Bogard used to hang his hat, serves this role in the NESTS arc of The King of Fighters. If Another Day is canon, it suggests that South Town is rebuilt by the time the events of the Ash saga roll around.
- Alice Elliot in the Shadow Hearts series falls into this trope. Unless of course you get the good ending in the first game and ignore the second entirely.
- In Vampire: The Masquerade – Bloodlines, if the player turns Heather into a ghoul, she will be killed by the Sabbat towards the end of the game. This is mainly to give player more of a reason to hate the Sabbat. It is possible to save her by just letting her go soon enough.
- Final Fantasy VI has Rachel, who serves as The Gwen Stacy for Locke. One day, while exploring a cave with Rachel, he was too slow to keep her from falling down a cliff, which led to her contracting amnesia. Her father called Locke out on this and Locke left his hometown, and while he was away, Rachel was killed in an Imperial attack. Locke fully blames himself for once again not being there to protect her, like he promised he would. This is why he makes it his mission to protect Terra and Celes.
- inFAMOUS: Trish. Her death not only teaches Cole that the lives of many outweigh the life of the few but is the final push for him to kill Kessler and complete the predestination paradox.
- Street Fighter Alpha has Charlie, who is fated to die and drive Guile to destroy Shadaloo. His Alpha 3 ending offers a happier, if not more gratuitous ending where Charlie nukes the Shadaloo base and shoots up Bison with the guns of a harrier jet.
- Don't worry, they fixed it when they added Guile's ending. Heroic Sacrifice away!
- Antiheroic example: Kratos' wife and daughter.
- MOTHER 3, heavily implied with Hinawa and Claus for Flint and Lucas respectively, as Flint failed to protect his wife and Lucas let Claus go off alone on the journey that killed him. Subverted, as Claus isn't actually dead.
- Shogo: Mobile Armor Division has several in its backstory:
- For the main protagonist Sanjuro, his first girlfriend Kura, his brother Toshiro, and their friend Baku. Subverted that they were alive all along.
- Played more straight in the case of Sanjuro's commanding officer Admiral Akaraju. His wife was killed in during an earlier battle with the Fallen. He became determined to wipe them out since then.
- Space Griffin VF 9 being a survival horror, has it in spades as EVERYONE wangsts each time one of the team dies, and boy is there a lot of dying! Most of the time it's because one of them went off to explore on their own. Cue rest of team Gwen Stacying. Granted, they ARE in Macross Mecha, but it's an ABANDONED DERELICT SPACE STATION where so much blood is spilled the hangar looks like it came straight from Silent Hill on the hell side. You'd think they would know better even if they are in 20 foot tall death machines...
- In the first video game adaptation of The Darkness, Jackie is unable to prevent the death of his girlfriend Jenny.
- Mass Effect 3 opens with this in a more minor example, as Shepard remarks feeling regret that they were unable to save a young boy from getting zapped by the Reapers on Earth, though the boy is actually just the face Shepard remembers when thinking about all the people dying on Earth to the Reaper invasion.
- Notably, the original game initially seems averts this with the death of either Kaidan or Ashley on Virmire, as Shepard is the one who rationalizes to the survivor that a choice had to be made. The second and third games, however, show that it was not a death that Shepard ordered lightly, and they regret that there was no other choice.
- Can happen two different ways in Grand Theft Auto IV depending on the player's choice earlier to either go along with the deal with Dimitri or take the opportunity to exact revenge. In the former scenario, an assassin sent by Dimitri tries to kill Niko but, as Niko tries to wrestle the gun away, ends up shooting Niko's cousin Roman at his wedding instead. In the latter scenario, Niko's girlfriend Kate is gunned down at the same wedding when irate mob boss Jimmy Pegorino tries to off Niko in a driveby. In both scenarios, Niko blames himself for allowing other people to get close to him, knowing the risks of his criminal lifestyle. The death then provides the motivation for the final mission in the game.
- This is the reason for Lon'qu's aversion of women in Fire Emblem Awakening: his First Love, Ke'ri, pulled an Heroic Sacrifice to save him from bandits, so his "aversion" is much more about him believing that he will bring women misfortune and death. His supports reveal that while the family of the girl who died has eventually forgiven him, he hasn't forgiven himself and has constant nightmares over it.
- Dragon Age II does this several times. One of Hawke's sibling's dies to darkspawn at the start, with the other either falling to the taint or being forcibly recruited by the end of the first act. Later, the player's mother is also killed by a crazed murderer.
- The entire town of Akzeriuth getting destroyed serves as this for Luke in Tales of the Abyss, prompting a massive personality 180 as he tries to make up for it. Although he was manipulated into making it happen, the party still holds him partially responsible for keeping them in the dark about what was going on until it was too late to stop it. Not like they were much better, as quite a few had information on hand that would have possibly changed things; ie, Tear's reasons for trying to kill Van (her brother) and Jade having realized certain important and game changing information before anyone else.
- Part of the reason the plot of Injustice: Gods Among Us happens. Superman got hit with a Fear Toxin by Joker and thought he was fighting Doomsday by taking him to space... only to reveal that he's actually taking his wife Lois Lane and their unborn baby. They die, and her death triggered a nuclear explosion that levels Metropolis. Most of it was Joker's fault, but part of Superman's descent of evil was because the loss of Lois and Metropolis was partially on his hands and feeling that he could have prevented it somehow.
Superman: So many lives lost, because I held back.
- This is also why Cyborg agrees to join him in his endeavour to put a stop to crime and war. Several of his friends in the Teen Titans were killed in the nuking of Metropolis, so he wants to make sure nothing like that ever happens again.
- Final Fantasy XIII: No less than three people feel this way towards Serah. First and foremost, her sister Lightning and fiancé Snow, the former for not believing her at a key moment, the latter for accidentally getting her captured by a fal'Cie, both of them blaming themselves for her subsequent transformation into a human paperweight. In this iteration, she gets better, but after dropping dead at the end of the second game, Lightning, Snow and Noel get this trope in spades. Again, she gets better, due to the universe being rebooted.
- In Time Crisis 5, it turns out that three months ago, Christy, who was the Damsel in Distress in the second game and was Keith's girlfriend, was killed by Robert offscreen when Robert went rogue.
- Halo 4 ends with Master Chief sadly saying that he was supposed to protect Cortana as she dies. This affected him so much that he goes AWOL to follow a dream he had of Cortana in Halo 5: Guardians. As if to kick John when he's down, Cortana Came Back Wrong and tries to kidnap him.
- Shulk, in Xenoblade Chronicles had a vision of Fiora, his childhood friend and longtime crush dying at the hands of Metal Face. Despite this, he was unable to prevent it from happening. Of course, there's also the fact that Fiora isn't ACTUALLY dead...
- In Knights of the Old Republic, Jolee has an interesting inversion of this. He blames himself for failing to kill his wife after she fell to the Dark Side, after which she went on to kill Jedi.
- In Nine Hours, Nine Persons, Nine Doors, Snake thinks he couldn't protect Clover from being murdered in the Safe ending, and greatly blames himself for this. To make up for it, he dooms Clover's killer to burn alive along with him.
- In Doki Doki Literature Club!, the protagonist feels responsible for Sayori's suicide, either because he feels obligated to start a romance with Sayori when she confessed to being suicidal, or because his rejection of her feelings made her more depressed as a result. It's more complicated than that, as Monika is making Sayori undergo a Mind Rape in order to make her less appealing, but the protagonist doesn't know that.
- How It Should Have Ended: In the aftermath of The Amazing Spiderman 2 Peter completely loses it, going into full-mode Heroic B.S.O.D., even to the point where he threatens to kill another human being with a gun (who claims he won't die... because he's BATMAN). Thankfully, Superman agrees to reverse back time and Set Right What Once Went Wrong, resulting in Gwen being alive, her and Peter moving to London together and Spider-Man joining The Avengers in the Marvel Cinematic Universe.
- In RWBY, it is implied that Pyrrha fills this role for both Ruby and Jaune. Jaune was unable to stop her from confronting Cinder and Ruby reached the top just in time to see her die.
- Sword Art Online Abridged features prominent on-screen effects; Kirito's reaction to losing guildmates is to increase his Jerkass tendency to never care about anyone else for fear of getting hurt again, and simultaneously give him a Chronic Hero Syndrome. Flashbacks to their death are triggered by reminders of that event, including the words "your fault". These two conflicting tendencies continue to drive him for most of the story arc.
- In Sluggy Freelance, Torg gets more than one. First, relatively early on, there's Valerie, whom he has to kill as a vampire and whom he later in the story (but chronologically earlier because of Time Travel) fails to save from becoming one. Then, in 2004, an alternative version of Zoë whom he had promised to protect and was in a relationship with dies too. His well-grounded fear after that is that his dimension's Zoë will be the next (life-threatening situations have much more common in her life since befriending Torg). However, when Zoë is seemingly killed/left in a Fate Worse than Death, Torg goes through a lot of mental gymnastics to convince himself she's alive and perfectly okay, averting this trope.
- In Our Little Adventure, Julie is overwrought by Pauline's death when she was leader.
- In Freefall, Florence is distressed when she realizes that she is too late to save one robot, whose personality is irrevocably destroyed.
- After the Disney/Marvel merger was announced, Something*Positive couldn't help but poke fun with a possible crossover - The Night Goof Stacy Died.
- In El Goonish Shive, the revelation that Mr. Guyur, who Damien killed right in front of Grace, was her father is this for her as it leads her to vow to never again let something like that happen again.
- This trope was invoked in Grrl Power: Maxima, being a Pop-Cultured Badass, mentioned Gwen Stacy by name to convince Sydney that she should join ARCLight for training specifically to help prevent having such a thing happening.
- Parodied by How Not To Run A Comic with a hero's girlfriend who's killed off in front of him literally in the next panel.
- There Will Be Brawl: For Luigi, Daisy has this role.
- The Nostalgia Critic ever since Suburban Knights where Ma-Ti sacrificed himself to defeat Malachite has been spiraling down the Sanity Slippage.
- In Dr. Horrible's Sing-Along Blog, Dr. Horrible's actions lead to the death of Penny causing him to become cold, as shown at the end of the movie.
- In Avatar: The Last Airbender, Aang angsts a LOT over running away from the Air Temple and believes himself to be the reason the Fire Nation was able to successfully raid and destroy the Air Temple.
- And a particularly good example, too. There's a possibility that if he'd been there during the attack, he could have re-enacted the Season One Finale with a hurricane or something. There's a much greater possibility that he'd have died as well, pretty much dooming the world. Running away was the right thing to do, even if he didn't know it at the time.
- There's also another possibility that while he could have fended off the war, there would have been nothing he could have done to save his friends, since the avatar state is a defense mechanism, not something he can call upon (at the time) at will.
- Aang's situation kind of toys with it in numerous ways. For example had he died, there would most certainly have been another Avatar born in time to repel the Earth kingdom invasion, at least. This is why Sozin and Ozai needed him alive. But had he also died, there's no telling how his friends at the air temple may have taken it. The series could have wound up with a completely different Big Bad as any number of ripples could have expanded out from Aang's premature death defeating the Fire Nation armada.
- Sokka also goes through this. Since he was supposed to protect Yue, he blames himself for her death, even though she willingly sacrificed herself to save her tribe.
- The Castle Wyvern clan in Gargoyles are a villainous Gwen Stacy for Demona, who has a meltdown when she realizes that she is responsible for their deaths and actually becomes immortal just so she can live long enough to kill all of humanity.
- Demona may be a subversion since she immediately backpedals and shifts ALL of the blame to humanity. The one time she admits culpability, it is under extreme duress (and hypnosis) and she backpedals again just as quickly.
- Ironically enough, this was averted with Gwen Stacy of The Spectacular Spider Man. The question of whether or not she will die was one of the most frequently asked of the fandom. Word of God stated after the series ended that they hadn't intended to kill her.
- In Spider-Man: The Animated Series, Mary Jane instead received the Gwen Stacyesque treatment, but through the less permanent method of being dropped into a portal. Spider-Man goes through similar emotional torment. The adaption is taken even further: Mary Jane appears to return, and things proceed as normal and the two become Happily Married... and then MJ's revealed as a clone with the original's memories, and dies in that two-parter and there is nothing Peter can do (clones don't live very long). The same thing that happened some years after Gwen's death in the comics: she returned, and then revealed to be a clone made by the Jackal (meaning, the real Gwen was still dead and did not really return). At the final scene of the Grand Finale Madame Web took him along so that they can find her, as a reward for saving The Multiverse; we don't see the actual reunion, but finding her is well within Madame Web's abilities.
- In The Transformers, Rodimus Prime's tenure as the new leader of the Autobots is tinged with his regret and guilt over his unfortunate role in the death of the previous leader Optimus Prime.
- In The Venture Bros., #21 blames himself for #24's death at the end of the third season. As a result, #21 Took a Level in Badass.
- Morph in the 1990s X-Men series, a character created just so he could die in the first episode and give the characters (mostly Wolverine) a personal reason to fight. He came back later though, but as a bad guy, and it takes Wolvie a LOT to bring him back to the side of good...
- This is especially evident at the beginning of season 2. Morph had 'died' in part because Wolverine was forcefully prevented from going back to help him after he was severely injured on a mission. When Wolverine discovers he's still alive, but in bad shape and on the run, he initially ignores the others (that think Morph should be left alone to sort things out for himself), and chases Morph all the way to the Amazon, rather than "abandon" him again. He eventually does let him go...but he and Cyclops, who gave the order to leave him behind (and Jean), immediately fly off to what appears to be Australia as soon as Morph calls them for help in the season finale.
- Happens to Aquagirl in season 2 of Young Justice. Aqualad blames his friends for allowing her to die during a dangerous mission, and ends up betraying the team and joining his father, Black Manta.
- Subverted: As of the cliffhanger before the hiatus, it is revealed that Aqualad is acting as a double agent undercover in his father's organization. While this initially led to confusion on whether Aquagirl is really dead or not, Wally (who is in on the scheme) refers to her as someone Kaldur lost and a brief flashback to Aqualad and Nightwing forming the plan shows them shaking hands in front of Aquagirl's memorial. The video game Young Justice: Legacy confirms it in no uncertain terms— Tula's death is the climax of the plot.
- One fan theory for Nightwing's role in this same con, particularly the fact that he's become everything he said he didn't want to be, is that he was driven to it by the death of the second Robin.