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Death Notification
Whenever a movie shows the folks at home while there is a war going on, you are very likely to see this: A pair of military personnel, in dress uniform, approaching the home of the soldier's family. The family will almost always know what this means.

It is worth mentioning that this job is very stressful for those tasked with the duty, as they have to constantly be the Bearer of Bad News of the worst sort.

While most common in war movies, it is also a trope tragically familiar to familes of firefighters and police officers as well. When the notice is (most commonly) delivered in person, it is closely related to Due to the Dead. Compare to He Didn't Make It. May feature a Tragic Keepsake. If the notification is laced with white lies to spare the recipient pain or avoid tainting the deceased's memory, see The Power of Legacy.

In some cases, this takes the form of a telegram, to the point where the Genre Savvy will immediately guess the contents of a telegram recieved by a character in a wartime setting.

Obviously, this is a Death Trope, and as such there are many spoilers. Be warned.

Should not be confused with Death Note.

These examples regret to inform you:

Anime And Manga

Film
  • Across the Universe: Right after Lucy finishes singing about how her boyfriend (in the Army) will be coming home to visit soon.
  • A League of Their Own: One of the girls gets a telegram telling her that her husband was killed in action. The man delivering the telegram somehow didn't realize that he never bothered to find out which woman on the team was supposed to receive the letter, causing much dread on the teams part.
  • Big Fish has one, when the main character is sent on a suicide mission and doesn't return. We know he's alive, but his wife doesn't. Of course, the son he tells this story to assumes it's another one of his dad's tall tales. it isn't.
  • The 2009 movie The Messenger focuses on the men who deliver the notices.
  • In Nanny McPhee Returns, there's one of these, but it's delivered by telegram rather than the two representatives. It later proves to be a forgery.
  • Done for test pilots' families in The Right Stuff.
  • Saving Private Ryan has a montage early on as Mrs. Ryan receives a series of death notices for all but one of her sons.
  • In Swing Kids (about teenagers in Hitler's Germany) one of the kids is forced into the Hitler Youth, and is assigned to deliver some small boxes to various people, all of whom scream after he leaves. He decides to open one and discovers a wedding ring and some ash - he'd been delivering the remains of people who had been executed and cremated.
  • Taking Chance: The very beginning of the film does this from the point of view of the military personnel delivering the notice.
  • We Were Soldiers: Subverted, the notices are delivered by a taxi cab driver, who really isn't enjoying the experience.
    • Julia Moore and Barbara Geoghegan take it upon themselves to deliver the letters themselves, both to save the taxi driver from some of the anguish and out of a sense of responsibility to their neighbors.
    • Subverted again in the film's climax, when a car with two men in uniform stop in front of Julia's house... and one of them is Hal Moore, home from the war.
  • Red Tails. The jeep pulls up outside Sofia's home, two officers walk up to Sofia, and Lucas doesn't even bother giving us any dialogue here.
  • In The Fighting Sullivans, a movie Based on a True Story, Lt. Robinson (Ward Bond) personally delivers to Mrs. Robinson the news that all five of her sons have been killed. In Real Life, it took three men in uniform to report the Sullivans' deaths to their parents two months after the fact.

Literature
  • Nobby Nobbs of the Ankh-Morpork City Watch is no longer allowed to deliver these after "that bet-you-a-dollar-you're-the-widow-Jackson nonsense." Carrot or Vimes usually handles it. (This is based on an urban legend that's probably as old as this trope.)
  • Apparently Starfleet has a Casualty Notification Office to inform family members when someone is killed in the line of duty. Captain Kirk, though, still feels it appropriate that he should also send a personal letter when one of his crew dies.
  • In Wraith Squadron, Wedge Antilles is shown to be writing out the notification for the death of Jesmin Ackbar, to be delivered to her uncle, a well-known admiral. It takes him most of the night to finish it...but with the task done, at least he's able to sleep for that last hour. The admiral later thanks Wedge for the kind words regarding the pilot.
  • In A Song of Ice and Fire novel A Dance with Dragons, Ramsay Bolton sends the Night Watch a false message stating Stannis Baratheon is dead to demoralize Stannis's forces.

Live-Action Television
  • Space: Above and Beyond: After the death of Nathan West's younger brother Neil, Nathan is shocked to discover that the notification letter was sent to the wrong address. He ends up writing a letter of his own home to inform his mother himself. It is implied that rather than being hand-delivered, the notices are sent in the mail in "ugly yellow envelopes".
    • This is seen again in the episode Never No More: After someone's fighter gets locked with an enemy Ace Custom and is sent spiraling into a planet, it is stated in the debriefing that the enemy ace survived. When asked about the friendly pilot, the CO drops a yellow envelope on the table.
  • Sarah Jane gets one of these visits from a UNIT colonel, accompanied by an entourage of armored trucks and gun-toting grunts (Seriously, did they think Sarah Jane was going to eat them or something?), in The Sarah Jane Adventures episode The Death of the Doctor. She doesn't believe it for a minute.
  • A Dream Sequence/Imagine Spot in the 200th episode ("Life Before His Eyes") of NCIS had Gibbs pose the question "What would have happened if I'd stayed in the Marines and never joined NCIS?" The answer is in the form of the fateful knock on the door for Gibbs' wife Shannon.
  • In the Doctor Who serial The Curse of Fenric, Ace's friend Kathleen gets a telegram notifying her of the death of her husband.
    • In The Doctor, The Widow, And The Wardrobe, Madge, the widow mentioned in the title, also recieves such a telegram. Her husband survives.
  • Variations on this trope turn up from time to time in Mash, although we don't usually get to see the news delivered.
    • One episode has Radar writing a heartwrenching letter for Colonel Potter to send to a deceased ambulance driver's folks. Made worse because before he knew the man was dead Potter was going to berate him for injuring patients with his careless driving.
    • When Hawkeye is declared Legally Dead by the army, his father is notified by telegram.
    • The episode Abyssinia Henry ends with Radar coming into the O.R. to deliver some bad news.
  • The Star Trek: Enterprise episode "The Forgotten" has Trip being asked to write one for an engineer who died in The Expanse. Trip can't bring himself to do it at first, because every time he starts the letter ends up describing his dead sister Elizabeth.
  • In the pilot episode for Defiance, the McCawly family gets one of these after Luke is murdered.
  • On ER, after Gallant has been killed in Iraq, two military police show up at the hospital, looking for his wife, Neela. The minute he lays eyes on them, it's obvious that the desk clerk, a veteran himself, knows what they're going to tell her.
  • In Game of Thrones, ravens are usually used to send messages throughout the Westeros, and people have saying to them "dark wings, dark words" which includes the death of nobles. Winterfell receives a raven informing Ned Starks execution, and everyone in Westeros receives word of King Joffreys death..

Music
  • The ending of "Sullivan" by Caroline's Spine:
    It's not hard to reach back to the day
    When the war finally came home
    Uncle Sam will send you a telegram
    So he doesn't have to tell you over the phone
    I heard she cracked up
    When she found out what the war had cost
    And all five of her boys were lost...
    [...]
    Say goodbye, bye, bye Mrs. Sullivan
    Go ahead and cry, cry, cry, cry, cry
    We regret to inform you that all of your sons have passed away
    All five, five, five, five
    So change your blue star to gold

Video Games
  • Dragon Age: Origins has a Side Quest that involves delivering death notifications to widows. Actually Played for Laughs if you ask one of your more flippant teammates do it for you, resulting in quotes like Morrigan's "Your man has died. Get over it." or Oghren's "Good news lady! You're single!"
  • In Valkyria Chronicles III E2, Not only Kurt must bring the newsnote  of Gusurg's death to the dead guy's big sister, but he must also explain that Gusurg died as a traitor to Gallia, having chosen to defect to the invading Empire's Calamity Raven for the sake of a chance for his ostracized people to found their own country. And that Kurt killed Gusurg by his own hands. The big sister face the news solemnly, stating that Gusurg died for what he believed. This is the last straw for Kurt's psyche, and Riela and Imca must talk him to his senses. Yeah, it's that kind of story.
  • In Mass Effect 3, Shepard can deliver a death notification to an asari on the Citadel whose krogan husband died fighting the Reapers. Only if you helped the two of them get together in the previous game, though. It's fairly sad.
  • In a late-game sidequest in Borderlands 2, the player has to do this for the NPCs in Sanctuary after the death of Roland. It's actually one of the few moments in-game that's not played for laughs.

Web Comics

Western Animation
  • Exo Squad: According to one of the post-episode "Character card" segments the show featured, Avery Butler personally records a message for the family of every Jumptrooper who dies under his command. Given that the homeworlds are occupied, he can't deliver these messages. He still records them.
  • In The Simpsons, a former street punk turned soldier named Armin Tamzarian delivers one of these to the mother of his MIA superior officer, Seymour Skinner, in a flashback. It's then subverted when he can't bring himself to tell her and pretends to be her son; he is the man now known as Principal Skinner.
    • Also an example of artistic license, since in the American military, the men who give the notification are traditionally at the same rank as the deceased or higher.
  • In ThunderCats (2011) Prodigal general Grune, arriving home from a years'-long search for an Ancient Artifact, delivers word of his comrade Panthro's loss to mutual friend King Claudus, while handing over one of the former's nunchucks. The details are suspiciously vague, not to spare Claudus emotionally, but to hide Grune's betrayal and defection to Big Bad Mumm-Ra until their invasion forces are marshalled.
  • One shows up in an episode of Pingu, of all places. We aren't told the details, obviously, but during Pingu Delivers the Mail, Pingu and his father deliver a black-edged envelope to one of their customers - who starts crying.
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