A 2012 Action Drama film starring Cuba Gooding Jr. and Terrence Howard, based on the exploits of the Tuskeegee Airmen, an all-black squadron of American fighter pilots in World War II. This is the first feature film to be produced by Lucasfilm since 2008, as well as being its last independently made film before being bought The Walt Disney Company 9 months after this film was released.
Red Tails features examples of the following tropes:
Abandon Ship: Of the aviation variety. Various aircraft end up badly damaged, requiring their crews to bail out.
Played straight a few times, notably with one pilot who escapes his burning plane simply by jettisoning the canopy, unbuckling from his seat, and rolling the plane inverted, which neatly drops him out of the plane so he can trigger his parachute. This technique is Truth in Television but particularly applies to the British Spitfire, whose cockpit was so narrow (thanks to the need for streamlining) that climbing out quickly was difficult.
Subverted a few times as well. One bomber is badly damaged, and the pilot orders the crew to bail out. The plane is promptly blown apart by a German fighter. On another occasion, a pilot is too weak from his injuries to bail out, and is forced to attempt to land. He crashes, but survives.
Ace Pilots: How else do you describe pilots who shoot down jet fighters with propeller planes?
The Alcoholic: Easy relies on drink to get himself through the war. His friend Lightning tries to get him to stop. He doesn't.
An Aesop: Put your duties and responsibilities to others before your own desires. Also, the more obvious aesops about the need to overcome racial predjudice and overcoming adversity.
Batman Gambit: Pretty Boy's squadron uses decoy planes to draw American fighters off so they can pick off the bombers easily. This works on the all-white escort group in the opening sequence, who were trained to go for as many kills as they can, but it fails to entice the Red Tails, who know they'll never fly escort duty again if they don't stay on-mission and get the bombers home safely.
Career-Ending Injury: Deke gets sent home after his plane catches fire and he suffers third-degree burns over a significant portion of his body. Junior is able to talk his way into averting this trope after he is half-blinded by shrapnel, and is shot down soon after.
Coming In Hot: Easy and Deke, complete with "Stay on my wing"-based dialogue. Pretty Boy, who is forced to do a belly landing at full speed in his crippled BF-109 because he is being chased by four American pilots.
Composite Characters: The main cast are composites of real Tuskegee Airmen from information gathered mostly from research and interviews of still-living former members of the squadron, and some of the real life victories are shown as being performed by the fictional characters.
Cool Plane: The film features Curtiss P-40 Warhawks, North American P-51D Mustangs, Messerschmitt BF-109s, and the first combat jet in history, the Me-262 Schwalbe. For the bomber fans, there's also Boeing B-17Gs aplenty. The P-40s were hand-me-downs, pretty well beat up by the time the Tuskegee Airmen got to them, more like Alleged Planes. That said, this would have been more to do with the condition and age of the planes, rather than their design: The P-40 Warhawk was a very successful aircraft when employed in its own niche: Low and mid-altitude aerial combat and ground attack.
Cool Versus Awesome: P-51D Mustangs dogfighting against much faster and more heavily armed Me-262 Schwalbes. Fortunately, one of the American pilots quickly deduces that while the 262s can fly fast, they can't turn much at all, and respond by spraying machine gun fire in front of the jets, which are unable to evade before flying obligingly into the stream of fire.
It's called "deflection fire" or "leading the target" and is standard practice when not firing straight from behind the target. No matter how agile (or not) the target is, deflection fire is hard to evade since bullets or shells move fast and are hard to spot.
Truth in Television: While 262s could leave the P-51 in the dust in terms of sheer speed in the air, the 51 could turn on a dime while the early Me-262s required a long arc in order to execute the same turn. On the rare occasion where a 262 squadron would actually stick around and dogfight(for the most part, they would simply dive through bomber formations and take out as many as they could in one pass), P-51 pilots would follow the 262s into their dives, where the 51's superior maneuverability would actually allow them to outrun the 262 and thus give them the upper hand. The other tactic was seen in the movie: get ahead of the 262s and lead them with a spray of bullets.
Curb-Stomp Battle: The Red Tails' first front-line engagement results in 8 enemy planes shot down and 63 enemy planes destroyed on the ground for none of their own shot down (although damage is taken).
The opening aerial battle, where the bomber escort leaves a flight of B-17s completely unprotected against a squad of BF-109s, who proceed to shred the formation.
Death from Above: The Red Tails find themselves doing this a lot. At first, settling for trucks and trains because the higher ups refuse to station them somewhere where they will find any German aircraft to shoot at. Later on, they inflict heavy damage upon a German airfield and a destroyer as targets of opportunity. The P-51s were slower than the German jets, but if they climbed and then dove, they could fly faster. This is shown in the film.
Do a Barrel Roll: Inevitable. The rolls they performed above the base after a successful mission were "victory rolls." Victory Rolls is the title of one background music track on the soundtrack. And then there was the tight loop that Pretty Boy used against Lightning, and that Lightning later used against a Luftwaffe mook in the final battle.
Ironic Echo: "Help me Jesus!" when he's really in trouble.
Dramatic Gun Cock: One of the aerial gunners on the American bombers early in the film gets one of these in on his .50 caliber machine gun in the film's intro, this primarily serves to show the defenders' grim determination, despite how badly stacked the battle is against them.
Dying Moment of Awesome: Lightning barreling towards Pretty Boy, never letting go of the trigger despite getting shot multiple times with autocannon rounds.
The Engineer: Coffee and his crew chiefs are the vehicular variety, constantly berating Lightning for damaging their planes. Coffee claims that he used to be a very cheerful man until he met Lightning.
Deacon is badly wounded, and ends up soaked in gasoline due to a punctured fuel tank, in one mission. It doesn't take much imagination to foresee how this will end for him. His plane crash-lands, and bursts into flames. He is pulled out and survives, however.
A bomber officer warns the fighter pilots about the new jet fighters the Germans are beginning to field late in the movie.
Functional Addict: He never gets heavily drunk, and it's unclear if anything particularly bad ever comes of it. That said, because of the revelation that he has been Drinking On Duty, many of his choices are called into question by Lightning and Easy himself.
Genre Throwback: To the straightforward, patriotic war movies of the 1940s and 1950s, which the Tuskegee pilots didn't actually get back then because of their race.
He Didn't Make It: Junior, according to an escaped prisoner of war. Subverted, in that Junior manages to survive and escape on his own.
Helmets Are Hardly Heroic: Played Straight at the beginning to give the audience a chance to get to know the pilots, then averted after the switch from P-40 Warhawks to P-51 Mustangs. Also justified, as the P-40 was suited to low-altitude combat, where the pilots wouldn't need to wear their masks. When they're assigned to cover the heavy bombers they're flying much higher.
A racist officer in Washington, Colonel Mortamus, leaks a report critical of the Tuskegee Airmen's lack of success to the press, hoping to erode support for it. Instead, it is pointed out that doing so could be considered a major security leak, and the Army is forced to save face by reassigning the unit to a sector where they can actually contribute to the war (the reason for their lack of success being that they were assigned to fly in sectors where the Germans hadn't been spotted).
In a less direct example, the maneuver Pretty Boy pulls on Lighting in an attempt to shoot him down fails (albeit barely), forces him to head back to base when Easy damages his plane in turn, leads to the destruction of said base, and finally allows Lightning to copy the maneuver once he works it out.
In addition to the Standard Hollywood Strafing Procedure, lampshaded in the movie itself, there is the requirement for the escorts to stay with the bombers. In this case, a Real Life strategy that actually made it more difficult for escorting fighters to protect the bombers, as they had a very limited opportunity to engage the German fighters who preferred hit and run tactics. The strategy eventually evolved to include fighters staying close to the bombers (showing the bomber crews that they were protected), and more fighters farther out actively screening the formation against any incoming enemies.
Similarly, the German fighters in the film's intro attacked the American bombers from their 6 O'Clock (straight behind). German pilots typically avoided doing this because American bombers were the most heavily protected from the rear (the tail gunner, turret gunner, and ball turret gunner could all fire at targets behind the bomber). Attacking from head-on not only helped to avoid some of these gunners, but it also increased the closing speed of the fighters relative to the bombers by around 400 knots, making the smaller fighters much more difficult to hit. Head-on attacks by German fighters was so common, later models of the B-17 included a new chin turret for the bombardier and two more gunner positions near the nose for the navigator and radio operator.
Jackie Robinson Story: Obviously, since this is story how a group of African American pilots overcame racist opposition from within their own army's ranks to prove they were at least, and often times more than, equal to any white pilot.
Relatively minor case: The squadron is shown transitioning to P-51D Mustangs, when in Real Life, they had transitioned to the rather less iconic P-51C model. The most visible difference being the P-51C having a more traditional canopy rather than the D model's "Bubble" canopy.
Not to mention that in between the P-40 Warhawks and the P-51 Mustangs, they also flew Bell P-39 Aircobras and Republic P-47 Thunderbolts, neither of which had the same degree of fame as the Mustangs.
The real Me-262 carried four 30mm Mk-108 cannons. Lightning's death getting riddled with small-caliber bullets would realistically have looked more like a gigantic fireball caused by the hail of 330-gram explosive-incendiary bullets blowing his engine to bits.
Ladykiller in Love: Lightning has a reputation as a playboy before he spots Sofia during a fly by and goes to meet her with less than honorable intentions. He winds up falling head over heels.
Made of Explodium: Pretty much the whole MOVIE is made of this. Nothing simply hits the ground or stops working; everything goes boom in spectacular fashion, even the famously hearty B-17 bombers.
The ease with which the bombers were to take out is Truth in Television: they had weak spots that could be exploited. The Germans knew that if they could hit the wing root on the trailing edge of the wing, they had a good chance of tearing the bomber in half. Just forward of that spot, is the bomb bay. A single HE cannon shell exploding there would turn a B-17 to dust before its crew could even blink.
The Red Tails trade in their beat up Curtiss P-40 Warhawks for brand shiny new North American P-51D Mustangs.
Pretty Boy and his squadron trade up from their Messerschmitt BF-109s for Me-262s, the first operational jet fighters in history.
Mildly Military: Hot-Blooded Lightning, who can't avoid disobeying orders and getting into brawls. The only thing keeping Colonel Bullard from kicking him out is the fact that he has the most raw flying talent of anyone in the squadron.
Mortal Wound Reveal: A mix of this and Major Injury Underreaction. Lightning goes head to head with a German fighter. He brings down the fighter, but takes numerous hits himself in the process. Once the adrenaline wears off, he realizes he has quite a few holes in him.
Completely averted with the German fighter pilots, who are deadly accurate in their aircraft. Toward the end, their problem wasn't a lack of accuracy, but lack of maneuverability. Played mostly straight with the German anti-aircraft gunners except for one hitting and crippling Junior, especially aboard the destroyer, who apparently were so shocked at being attacked by fighters they couldn't hit the broad side of a barn.
And a very rare example from the side of the protagonists: the B-17 gunners in the opening sequence also pretty much can't hit the broad side of a barn, with horrific consequences.
Nobody Ever Complained Before: Evidently, it never occurred to at least one member of the white bomber crews that black people took offense to the expression "Colored People."
A more subtle example, both the B-17s and the P-40s at the beginning of the film bear the drab olive-green paint scheme common of US Army Air Forces aircraft for much of the war. Towards the end, the Americans have all transitioned to the striking (and very shiny) bare metal paint jobs used by the Army Air Forces towards the end.
Oh Crap: At various points. One in particular comes from Lightning during the squadron's first air combat mission. he's initially confident that he can bring Pretty Boy down, only to lose his cool when Pretty Boy manages to flip his plane and get behind Lightning.
Only a Flesh Wound: A joint vehicular and human version when Lightning's plane goes head to head with an Me-262 jet fighter. Me-262 Schwalbes were armed with 4×30 mm MK 108 autocannons which fired exploding rounds; Lightning and his plane sustain several direct hits and should have been obliterated instantly. He's mortally wounded , dies and crashes soon after, however.
Operation Blank: Operation Shingle, providing air cover for an amphibious assault in Italy.
Point Defenseless: The anti-aircraft guns at the German airfield, aboard the destroyer, and in the American bombers are pretty much useless in this movie.
Reality Has no Subtitles: The movie uses subtitles only when the speaker and listener can understand each other. When Lightning talks to Sofia, her Italian is unsubtitled. When Pretty Boy radios his wingmen, his German is subtitled.
The filmmakers went through great pains to make the movie accurate, going as far as interviewing the surviving members of the squadron, and even getting access to their journals. That over-the-top bit with one pilot disabling an Italian destroyer? It happened.
Some of the tactics used are accurate, including attacking a train head-on to minimize the danger of being hit by the Anti-Air defenses on the train, and going into a power dive from high altitude to engage the German jet fighters (the P-51 Mustang was slower than the Me-262 in level flight, but could handily outdive it).
One scene depicting a cockpit filling with fuel shows one interesting detail: Aviation gasoline is color-coded (based on octane rating, lead content, and other factors) to make identification easier. For obvious reasons, you don't want to risk putting the wrong kind of fuel into a machine that operates at thousands of feet above the ground.
Sitting Duck: The German aircraft at the airfield that is treated to an impromptu air raid by Easy, Lightning, Joker, and Junior.
In an Ironic Echo to a previous scene, some of the black pilots are walking past the Officers' Club, where Lightning had previously gotten into a brawl with a large group of racist white officers. A very redneck sounding pilot walks out and shouts at them, seemingly trying to taunt them. He's a grateful bomber pilot wanting to share a drink with the men who saved his crew.
Later, a German guard is shown gleefully introducing a POW barracks full of grumpy white officers to their new room mate, very black, and very alone Junior. As soon as the guard leaves, Junior learns that the men there are grateful to have him, because he couldn't possibly be a Nazi spy. And they want him to have a part in their escape.
The Stoic: Pretty Boy doesn't let a little thing like pressing an attack on a large formation of heavily defended American bombers get him excited. Moreso, after he is forced to belly-land his plane while pursued by four American fighters, he can be seen calmly and quickly undoing his safety belts, sliding the canopy open, and hopping out of the plane as if digging a ditch across the airfield with his smouldering plane is the way he's supposed to land. He is noticeably and understandably upset by the destruction of his airfield soon after.