Popeye The Sailor
Voiced by: William Costello (1933-1935), Floyd Buckley (1935) note , Jack Mercer (1935-1983), Jackson Beck (1946)note Harry Foster Welch (1945-1947)note , Mae Questel (1945, for "Shape Ahoy" only) Maurice La Marche (1987), Billy West (2004), Tom Kenny (2014-)
Castor Oyl: "Hey you, are you a sailor?"
: "Okay, you're hired."
Popeye the Sailor Man-one of the eight wonders of the Newspaper Comics
and Western Animation
world, and one of the most popular cartoon stars of The Golden Age of Animation
. Initially appearing as a oneshot character in the middle of an arc Thimble Theater, the comic E.C. Segar was making at the time, was going through, Popeye quickly gained the status of Ensemble Darkhorse
among the comics readers, and stayed in the comic long after his debut adventure was over, until he finally overtook the whole comic, with it being renamed Popeye and tossing out Ham Gravy as the main character and Olive Oyl's original love interest.
Part of what made Popeye such an instant hit with audiences was that, despite his odd appearance and gruff conduct, he was one of the few moral forces in the world of Thimble Theatre — Popeye also got along great with children, even going as far as to tearing apart a guys hot dog vendor once just because he wouldn't give a broke kid a hot dog on credit
, and insulting Popeye to his face
). In other words, he was a very likable, sympathetic character despite having none of the obvious qualities of one at first sight. He was the original Anti-Hero
. He is also a very noble (but ignorant) being and is very loyal to his girl Olive Oyl and will give anyone the benefit of the doubt, even his rival Bluto.
Speaking of original, Popeye was the original superhero-over a decade before Superman
graced the comic pages, Popeye was blessed with inhuman strength and astounding durability and endurance, taking at least 15 bullets in his first adventure before finally being brought down.
While Popeye was already a major force in the comics, the sailor with a sock got his big break when animation pioneers Max and Dave Fleischer
, known for their Betty Boop
cartoons, brought him to the big screen alongside Betty Boop in a six minute short subject. These Fleischer cartoons took the series to new levels not even touched by the original comics — while Popeye was already very strong in the comics, the Fleischers made Popeye strong enough to stop a train dead in its tracks
and move entire landmasses
. Even excluding his Super Strength
, he also had Reality Warping
abilities — he could punch objects which would either morph them into something different or split them into multiple smaller objects — one short even had Popeye blow out the sun like a candle just so he could get some private time with Olive.
And he could do all of this without
eating any spinach — in fact, the spinach can very rarely popped up in the original comics-this was made prominent in the Fleischer cartoons.
While some animation fans have criticised the series for it's "formulaic Popeye Vs. Bluto structure", in reality this was done out of necessity: the original comics had stories that went on from weeks to even MONTHS at a time, which would have been impossible to compress into six minute low budget cartoon shorts. On that note, the series didn't even rely on the Bluto and Popeye fighting as much as one would think. There were plenty of shorts the Fleischers made that experimented with other settings and stories outside of their rivalry, and even the ones that did feature the status quo pulled many, many different, creative variations of the formula — from battling on logs floating down a river to competing for the title of "King of the Mardi Gras", these shorts are still as fresh and original feeling today as apple pie. And obviously, the Fleischers' love of surreal sight gags and Deranged Animation
was carried over from their Betty Boop
shorts, with such sights as the visual metaphors that appear in Popeye's muscles upon consuming spinach and the aforementioned reality warping powers of Popeye, none of which ever appeared in the original comics. Another odd fact was that prior to the war years, Popeye was hardly ever on ships
— most of his adventures were set on dry land, only sporadically going off to sea.
Needless to say, Popeye's theatrical cartoons were an instant smash success on release, quickly toppling Mickey Mouse
as the then-king of cartoons. While the series was gradually toned down as time went by (even in the comics, Popeye was forced to be toned down due to him having a large kid fanbase) this character and friends still pop up in some form or another to this day, with a recent TV special celebrating his 75th anniversary, as well as an upcoming Sony Pictures CGI film. Here's hoping for the best with this sailor's future!
Tropes Used By Popeye:
- Berserk Button : Mess with Olive or Swee'Pea, and you'll soon regret it.
- Beware the Nice Ones: While he has a pretty long fuse, you do not want to make him mad.
- Crouching Moron, Hidden Badass
- Breakout Character
- Deadpan Snarker: It got even funnier when Jack Mercer took over as the voice and made lots of funny quips and mumbles, all improvised during recording.
- Eye Scream: The comics explain this is what happened to Popeye's right eye. He allowed himself to get beat up over a matter he felt accountable for, and lost his right eye in the process. This may have transitioned into the Fleischer cartoons, but was eventually abandoned by the Famous Studios shorts.
- Handicapped Badass: One-eyed badass sailor, at least with the comics and Fleischer shorts.
- Famous Ancestor: "Greek Mirthology" claimed that Popeye is a descendant of Hercules.
- Friend to All Children : He's pretty nice to kids in general, and whenever he needs to discipline Swee'Pea or his nephews, he even sobs and cries openly, showing how much he hates to be severe with them.
- How much does he like kids? As mentioned earlier, he once beat up a greedy hot dog vendor for refusing to give one to a dirt poor kid (although insulting Popeye to his face sure didn't help).
- Funetik Aksent: His violence may have been toned down over the years, but his accent remains as strong as it ever was.
- Guttural Growler
- Jerk with a Heart of Gold: Initially. Popeye was a lot more aggressive and sometimes nasty in the earlier Segar comics and Fleischer cartoons. He eventually mellowed out into a much more jovial fellow around the mid to late 30's.
- Lightning Bruiser: Without the spinach, he's still quite capable of battle. With it, there isn't much you can do to stop him.
- Made of Iron
- Motor Mouth: He's always muttering something under his breath. He talks way beyond the animation. This was because his voice, actor and comedian Jack Mercer, was allowed to improvise lines after the animation had been drawn. This became a staple of the character.
- One-Man Army / The Juggernaut: Especially after he eats his spinach.
- Reality Warper: Big time.
- Smoking Is Cool: Is almost always seen with his corn cob pipe.
- Super Strength: Even without his spinach, he can be quite strong. With it, he becomes a walking, talking tank capable of destroying whole armies in seconds!
- Symbol Swearing: In the original Segar strip, Popeye frequently swore like... well, like a sailor. But his swearing was always displayed in symbols. May even count as Getting Crap Past the Radar or Parental Bonus.
- Trademark Favorite Food: Spinach, of course.
- The Unfettered: In the earlier cartoons, there wasn't much that could scare or intimidate him, much less get in the way of his goals; in "I Yam What I Yam", an entire army of Indians was shooting a barrage of arrows his way, and the arrows at best just annoyed him more than they harmed him.
- What the Hell Is That Accent?: Popeye's voice has a very distinctive accent of unclear origin.
- Would Not Hit a Girl: He once stopped fighting Alice the Goon after discovering she was female (a baby goon came up and exclaimed "Mama!").
Voiced By: Mae Questel (1933-1938, 1944-1960's), Margie Hines (1938-1943), Bonnie Poe (1933-1934), Marilyn Schreffler (1978), Shelley Duvall (Live-action film), Kelly Hu (Robot Chicken), Tabitha St. Germain (2004, The Quest for Pappy), Amy Adams (animated film), Naoko Watanabe (Japanese dub)
Popeye's love interest and frequent Damsel in Distress
. Olive is a very fickle being, who keeps going between liking Popeye and liking Bluto, despite the loyalty from both of them.
Tropes used by Olive:
Voiced By: William Pennell (1933-1935,1942,1943), Gus Wickie (1935-1938), Pinto Colvig (1939-1940), Dave Barry (1942-1944), Tedd Pierce (1942), Jackson Beck (1944-1960s), Paul L. Smith (Live-action film), Garry Chalk (2004)
"All brawn and no brains, dat's me!"
—Bluto to Olive in "The Anvil Chorus Girl".
Popeye's rival, who only appeared once in the original comics, but was made into a prominent character in the Fleischer cartoons. He's the bully we all know or have known in life. His relationship with Popeye is shaky, but it seems more like a rivalry than anything, and the two have had their friendly moments together-and if we take one Minute Maid ad at face value, they can become downright affectionate
towards each other sometimes. In some cartoons, he was known as Brutus.
Tropes used by Bluto:
- ArchEnemy: To Popeye.
- Badass Beard
- Beard of Evil
- Breakout Villain: Thanks to the cartoon. He was a minor character in the original Segar comics.
- The Brute
- The Bully
- Butt Monkey: Especially since he keeps messing with Olive Oyl.
- Card-Carrying Villain
- Corrupt Corporate Executive: Some shorts feature Bluto and Popeye as business rivals. For example, one had the two of them competing for a military contract to build warships.
- In the Al Brodax short "Spinach Shortage", Bluto Expy Brutus monopolized Spinach and was withholding it to raise prices. While it's anyone's guess if he did anything illegal to obtain his spinach monopoly, it's still illegal to abuse monopoly even if it was obtained fair and square.
- Dangerously Genre Savvy: In some appearances, he knocks the can of Spinach out of Popeye's hands before he can get a single morsel in his mouth. It doesn't help him for long, though.
- Dirty Coward
- Disproportionate Retribution / Evil Is Petty: In "Organ Grinder's Swing", he terrorizes Wimpy and his pet monkey by giving them a burning hot coin, throwing his furniture (including a burning hot grate) at them, and then resorting to smashing apart his grinder, all because he was annoyed by the music he's playing.
- Does Not Like Spam: He hates spinach, which explains why he usually doesn't eat it himself.
- Everything Sounds Sexier in French: The short portraying Bluto as an etiquette teacher had him introducing himself as "Prof. Bluteau".
- Expy: There's another similar character named Brutus. The 1980s Ocean Comics miniseries stated that they're twin brothers.
- Hair-Trigger Temper: Easily flustered, which goes hand in hand with his brute strength.
- He Cleans Up Nicely: Looks nice when he dresses up and shaves.
- Heel-Face Revolving Door: There are a handful of cartoons that establish Popeye and Bluto getting along for no apparent reason. Usually, this friendship doesn't last long in said episodes.
- Large Ham
- Made of Iron: Though not quite to the extent of Popeye.
- Not-So-Harmless Villain: Yeah, he's goofy and not the brightest bulb on the Christmas tree, but he's as dangerous as Popeye when you provoke him—and that doesn't take much, either.
- Out-of-Character Moment: In Popeye's Voyage: The Quest for Pappy, to jarring levels. He's a nice guy, best friends with Popeye, and when Olive starts hitting on him (not knowing she's being mind-controlled by the Sea Hag) he turns her down.
- Out of Focus: Despite being a major character, Bluto is absent from a surprisingly large number of the Fleischer Popeye cartoons, particularly late in their run on the series—out of the 109 they made, he is absent from at least 49 of them.
- The Rival: Mostly in the cartoons, whenever he and Popeye have the same occupation. In the comics, Popeye claims Bluto is the only person who might be able to beat him in a fight.
- Strong as They Need to Be: Bluto can overpower Popeye without spinach no problem at times but he can't overpower him without tricks at other times.
J. Wellington Wimpy
AKA Wimpy The Moocher
Voiced By: Charles Lawrence, Lou Fleischer, Allan Melvin, Daws Butler, Maurice La Marche, Paul Dooley (1980 film), William Baldwin (animated film), Sanders Whiting (2004)
"I'll gladly pay you Tuesday for a hamburger today!"
Wimpy is a recurring character in the Popeye comics and cartoons, and the sheer incarnation of The Load
. Smart, but cowardly, greedy, selfish, and overall a glutton, Wimpy is the kind of guy who would sell out his friends for a hamburger (in fact, he even sides with a villain at one point in the comics).
While he was a very significant character in the comics, in Segar's days even coming close to eclipse Popeye himself in importance, the Fleischers merely made him an incidental character in the cartoons, who was always just there for the mere sake of comic relief
— mostly because Dave Fleischer considered the character, such as he was in the comic, "too intellectual" to work in the film cartoons. In fact, he was so minor in the cartoons that he was abandoned by the Fleischers after "Onion Pacific", and it wasn't until a full decade later that he would appear again, in the short "Popeye Makes A Movie."
However, he has become a fan favorite, and even has a brand of burger joints in Europe named after him called "Wimpy's."
Tropes related to Wimpy as a character:
- Big Eater: But too cheap to pay for his own food.
- Brilliant but Lazy: Wimpy often exhibits great technical prowess and a high level of competence — it's just that he either uses this intelligence just to get more food or needs food as an incentive to do anything.
- Catch Phrase:
- "I would gladly pay you Tuesday for a hamburger today" is the most well-known one, and the only one to gain prominence in the cartoons, but in Segar's comics he had several:
- "Nice weather, isn't it, we're having?"
- "I'm buying, he's paying."
- "I'd like to invite you over to my house for a duck dinner. ...You bring the ducks!"
- "Let's You and Him Fight!"
- "Jones is my name... I'm one of the Jones boys." (Said when people are getting angry with him.)
- And whenever he's opining his preference for burger fillings: "I'll have pickle and onion and lettuce both."
- Con Man: He has a million schemes to get food from others. Someetimes goes to extreme lengths for petty reasons; in one Sunday strip he literally drops dead and comes back to life as part of a scheme to get a hamburger from Rough House.
- Demoted to Extra: A major character in the comics, but a bit player in the theatrical shorts.
- Evil Brit: Sometimes.
- Gentleman Snarker: He's usually polite, but that doesn't mean he always says nice things.
- Jerk with a Heart of Gold: Completely self-centered and won't hesitate a moment to con his friends out of their food or money, but he's never malicious, and gets many Pet the Dog moments.
- Kavorka Man: Despite all of his faults, he has no trouble wooing the ladies, and he will try if he finds out they have access to hamburgers.
- The Load: Usually, but in his case it's not so much that he isn't capable of being helpful, it's just that most of the time he doesn't bother to. When he actually bothers to use his smarts for other things than conning food out of others, he can actually be quite useful.
- Meaningful Name
- Trademark Favorite Food: Hamburgers. For which he'll gladly pay you Tuesday.
- Why Do You Keep Changing Jobs?: In the Fleischer shorts.
- With Friends Like These...: A lot of times, he'll either try to mooch off of Popeye, or stab him in the back for the promise of food, money, or safety.
Swee'pea, AKA "Scooner Seawell Georgia Washenting Christiffer Columbia Daniel Boom"
Voiced By: Mae Questel(1936-1938),(1940s- 1960s), Margie Hines (1938-1943), Marilyn Schreffler(1970s-1980s), Corinne Orr (1972), Wesley Ivan Hurt (Live-action film), Tabitha St. Germain (2004)
A Doorstop Baby
adopted by Popeye (or Olive Oyl, depends on the incarnation or the story
), Swee'pea is a little baby who has a knack for getting himself into trouble.
A fairly major character in the comic (especially after he learned to talk) but a pretty minor one in the cartoons — his last appearance under the original Fleischer Studios was, fittingly, in their last cartoon, "Baby wants a Battleship" in 1942, and he would appear again in the 1950 Famous short "Baby Wants Spinach."
Tropes related to Swee'pea:
Eugene the Jeep
An odd dog like, orchid eating creature that is Popeye's pet, usually referred to as "The Jeep", he has a very powerful nose and his able to teleport, turn invisible, phase through walls and even levitate/walk on air!
Tropes related to Eugene the Jeep:
- Living MacGuffin: In his first appearance in the comic, he becomes this — there are a lot of people who want him for his abilities.
- The Omniscient: He knows everything and can predict the future, and will gladly tell you if you ask him — but since he can't talk he can only answer "yes" or "no" questions.
- Once for Yes, Twice for No: Ask him a "yes" or "no" question; if he raises his tail, the answer is "yes," if he lowers it, the answer is "no." This method of communication isn't flawless, however, as he like so many animals also often uses his tail to express emotion; at one point Popeye thought the Jeep was answering "yes" to a question — it turned out that he hadn't heard the question and was raising his tail because he had seen something interesting on the ground and was curious about it.
- The Unintelligible: Some cartoons ignore the Once for Yes, Twice for No thing and just make him this, leaving other characters to translate what he's saying.
Voiced By: Jack Mercer (1938-1960's), Ray Walston (live action film), Billy West (2004)
Popeye's long lost, 99 year old, senile father. Almost identical to Popeye in appearance (although he frequently denies it) except with a beard and a higher pitched voice.
Tropes related to Poopdeck Pappy:
- Badass Grandpa: Senile he may be, but super strength and fearlessness is something that runs in Popeye's family. He aided Popeye in taking down an entire legion of Goons in "Goonland"!
- Cool Old Guy
- Grumpy Old Man
- Jerkass Fašade: He acts this way in the CGI movie after Popeye finally found him. He wanted to protect Popeye from the witch.
- Jerk with a Heart of Gold: In all incarnations, he is grouchy and even downight hostile at times, but when it comes down to it he's not such a bad guy.
- Man Child: He's more childish than his son is.
- Papa Wolf: Despite being rude and grumpy towards Popeye, he is shown to be very protective.
- Screw Politeness Im A Senior
- Uncanny Family Resemblance: He looks like an unkempt version of Popeye with a scraggly white beard. He's taken advantage of this on a few occasions, and shaved off the beard to mess with Olive.
- "Well Done, Son!" Guy: In his animated debut, he doesn't care about his son at all. Until he's in trouble, and eats some spinach so he can save his only son.
- Would Hit a Girl: He slugged Olive Oyl when they first met. The two have been at odds ever since.
Pipeye, Peepeye, Poopeye and Pipeye
Voiced By: Jack Mercer
Popeye's quadruplet nephews.
Tropes Related to Them:
- Acting for Two: Jack Mercer, Popeye's actor, provides the voice of all four of the nephews, with the pitch on his voice sped up.
- Bratty Half-Pint: They're very stubborn and rather obnoxious.
- Captain Ersatz: They are an obvious attempt to emulate the likes of Happy Hooligan's nephews or Donald Duck's nephews.
- Canon Foreigner: They never appeared in the comics; their appearances are largely exclusive to a handful of the Fleischer cartoons, and several of the Famous Studios shorts and episodes of the All New Popeye Hour show.
- Chaste Toons: Outside of their first appearance, they're Popeye's nephews.
- Chuck Cunningham Syndrome: In later appearances, only two or three of the nephews would appear, presumably due to budget cuts.
- Does Not Like Spam: Despite being related to Popeye, they despise spinach, even after finding out it's benefits.
- Early Installment Weirdness: In their first appearance in 1940, they were only a figment of Olive's dream, were Olive and Popeye's sons, and Poopeye was called Pepeye instead.
A short, bespectacled navy buddy of Popeye. He appeared in three early Famous Studios
Popeye shorts note
- Canon Foreigner: Exclusively created for the Famous Studios Popeye shorts.
- The Load: He's an airheaded, overly earnest buffoon who is often a great burden to Popeye, basically reducing the latter to a straight man role as he puts up with all the trouble Shorty unwittingly causes for him.
- Meaningful Name
The Sea Hag
Voiced By: Mae Questel (1961), Marilyn Schreffler (1978), Kathy Bates (2004)
The Sea Hag is a pirate witch
with a ship called the Black Barnacle
and a finger in every evil scheme. She fell in love at first sight with Popeye and grew vengeful when he didn't reciprocate
Tropes used by the Sea Hag:
- Abhorrent Admirer: Although Popeye doesn't make a big deal out of her unattractiveness. (Nor is it that notable, in context.)
- Adapted Out: From a lot of the adaptations, though not all. She wasn't worked into the Paramount cartoons until the early sixties and didn't appear in Robert Altman's live action film.
- ArchEnemy: To Popeye.
- Lean and Mean
- Ninja Pirate Zombie Robot: She's a pirate witch who practices voodoo and sometime runs criminal shell corporations.
- Witch Species: She's stated to be the last witch on Earth, so apparently it's not something just anyone can learn.
- Worthy Opponent: Popeye considers her this and was relieved to find out she hadn't died when it looked like she had.
Voiced By: Jackson Beck (1961), Allan F. Nichols
A local, hard working chef and recurring character of the comics, who runs the Rough House Cafe, one of Popeye's local hangouts. Wimpy also frequents his restaurant, although Rough House has a clear dislike of him due to his methods to con free food out of him.
Tropes Used By Rough House
- Adapted Out: Completely absent from the theatrical cartoons. He did make an appearance in one of the Al Brodax Pooeye episodes, "Wimpy the Moocher".
- Berserk Button: Rough House openly hates Wimpy, and as Popeye finds out in "Wimpy the Moocher", just mentioning his name is enough to set off Rough House.