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Theatre / Don Carlo

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Don Carlo (Don Carlos in the original French) is an 1867 opera by Giuseppe Verdi, after the play Don Carlos by Friedrich von Schiller. The plot of both the play and the opera is very loosely based on the events surrounding the real Charles of Austria Don Carlos, son of Philip II, King of Spain.

Basically, it goes like this: Don Carlos, the Prince of Spain, was engaged to the French princess Élisabeth of Valois, but just as the two lovebirds meet and strike Love at First Sight, Carlos' father, King Philip, decides to take the girl for himself. There's also Don Carlos' best friend Rodrigo, Marquis of Posa, who tries to get Carlos to help the oppressed region of Flanders, there's the Princess of Eboli stalking Don Carlos, and many other characters with their own issues. Being an opera, it does not end well.

Don Carlo was originally composed for the Paris opera (as Don Carlos) and was translated into Italian later. Now, though, the Italian version is more common. The opera was originally in five acts, with the first act taking place earlier than the rest of the piece and showing how Carlos and Élisabeth meet and begin to fall in love. Some time after the premiere, Verdi revised the opera and created a shorter version in four acts, which was premiered in Italy in 1884. Verdi also authorized performances of the five-act version, and both are still performed, along with other versions that restore material that was cut in the original production or the revision. However, the plot and most of the numbers remain the same in all versions.

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