: Hey, boss. We're almost done with that game we were talking about at the bar. You know, that game about stocks and bonds you said would be totally fun? Game Producer
: I was kidding, you stupid asshole. Game Designer
: Oh... Well, it's pretty much ready to go. What should we do now? Game Producer
: I... I don't know. Put the word "kid" in the title and get out of my office. We'll worry about you getting fired later. Jesus, we're fucked.
While most early Video Games
fit into some category of "simulation" (flying games are Flight Simulators, racing games are Car Simulators — heck, even Pong
was basically a virtual simulation of table tennis), the term "Simulation Game" usually refers to a genre of programs for which the term "game" is really a misnomer: a Simulation Game
is more of a "toy" (by the definitions used by those who study such things academically) than a "game", more akin to an Erector set than to a chess set.
Traditionally, a simulation game places the player in a managerial role over some set of resources, with which he is charged to build or do something — the game might set some criteria for a "win" state, but this is far from compulsory; the player can generally build whatever he likes and measure his own success by whatever metrics seem best to him (so long as he doesn't trigger a "lose" state
through long-term mismanagement, whether accidental or deliberate). The player generally has no direct control over individual agents inside the game world — thus his role, depending on the scope of the game, tends to be labelled something ranging from "business owner" or "mayor" to "president" or even "god".
Probably the first game in this tradition is Lemonade Stand
, written by Bob Jamison sometime between 1973 and 1979: The player, based on the daily weather report, decided what supplies to buy and how much to charge customers at their virtual lemonade stand. Variations appeared for years on various platforms, even surviving into the 1990s as their requirements were so low that ports could even run on programmable calculators.
More complicated simulations started appearing in the early 1980s, such as the Commodore 64
game Little Computer People
, where the player was responsible for the care and feeding of a virtual person. "Digital pet" keychain devices, such as Tamagotchi
, descended from this line.
But the game which really brought the modern Simulation Game
into its own was Maxis's SimCity
. In this game, the player took the role of mayor, and was in charge of building a city. Among the Mayoral duties were zoning areas for commercial, residential or industrial use, building public utilities, and rebuilding after Godzilla attacks
was enormously popular, spawning a number of clones and sequels. SimCity 2000
, SimCity 3000
, SimCity 4
, and Streets of SimCity
all expanded on the original. Maxis also produced a number of other concepts within the franchise: SimEarth
placed the player in charge of the development of an entire planet; SimLife
narrowed the focus, with the player guiding the specific evolution of a species; SimAnt
placed the player in charge of an ant colony. Other games explored different domains in the same style: Roller Coaster Tycoon
had the player develop an amusement park, balancing thrills with the chance to kill patrons in spectacular roller coaster derailments; Afterlife
had the player build a heaven and hell suited to the needs of the incoming departed.
While the later games did well enough, neither Maxis nor its imitators were quite able to bring about the kind of huge-scale genre-defining success of SimCity
until Maxis brought the social element into the equation with its blockbuster success The Sims
. Rather than focusing on an entire city or civilization, The Sims
and its sequels put the player in charge of managing a single household, keeping the characters employed, buying them playthings, adding extra living space, occasionally locking them in a room with a bunch of ovens until they inevitably immolated themselves and, perhaps most importantly to the players, coaxing each other into bed.
Another incarnation of The Sims
is a massively multiplayer on-line game, where players maintain their households in a shared community, and their characters can interact to, well, buy more swag and coax each other into bed.
A sub-genre of Simulation Games (usually rolled into the larger genre category) are Flight Simulation Games, which can include anything from a game with very lax flight controls and a more "arcade"-like experience, to ''true'' simulations
(i.e., the non-toy kind) that accurately recreate how an aircraft flies, and depending on how far you're willing to go
, incorporate an actual aircraft's flight deck and motion control and can even be approved by the Federal Aviation Administration for certified flight training. May or may not also include shooting things as a typical gameplay objective. Driving Sims are cut from the same cloth, applied to ground vehicles, and once again can range the entire realism (and shooting stuff up) range.
is a sub-genre of this, focusing on "building" an individual person or animal. Dating Sim
is another sub-genre, where the focus is on leveling up your Relationship Values
with possible Love Interests
Examples include :
open/close all folders
Resource, Settlement and Business Management Simulations
Life / Social Management Simulations
Sports / Sport Management Simulations
Flight and Combat Flight Simulations
- various professional flight training software and simulators
- 1942 : The Pacific Air War and European Air War
- Ace Combat series (with arcade leanings)
- Aces High
- After Burner (arcade)
- Airforce Delta series (also with arcade leanings)
- Apache Longbow
- A.S.P. Air Strike Patrol (blend of this and Shoot 'em Up)
- B-17 Flying Fortress
- Birds of Steel
- Blazing Angels (arcade)
- Crimson Skies (the original PC game, even though it was slightly arcadey)
- Dawn Patrol and Flying Corps
- the Digital Combat Simulator series by Eagle Dynamics (known for Lock-On: Modern Air Combat), which consists of modules for the following:
- Ka-50 Black Shark
- A-10C Warthog
- P-51D Mustang
- Su-25T Frogfoot (free with DCS World)
- Combined Arms (actually an RTS/ground vehicle simulator that also lets you command played-controlled aircraft)
- Dragon Strike - dragon flight/combat simulator set in the Dragon Lance universe.
- Drakengard - an Eastern RPG/aerial combat game with dragons!
- Enemy Engaged: Apache vs. Havoc/Comanche vs. Hokum
- the very hardcore Falcon sim series, most notably Falcon 4.0: Allied Force and Falcon BMS.
- Fighter Ace, although the multiplayer part as now closed, the game itself is for free.
- First Eagles : The Great War 1918
- the Flight Unlimited series
- Chuck Yeager's Advanced Flight Trainer and Chuck Yeager's Air Combat
- Air combat sections in the Halo games
- Jane's Combat Simulations, featuring:
- AH-64 Longbow and its sequel Longbow 2
- Navy Fighters, Advanced Tactical Fighters, Isreali Air Force, USAF, F-15, and F/A-18
- the IL-2 Sturmovik series (hardcore simulator with fully customizable difficulty levels)
- Knights in the Sky
- the Landing series (Midnight Landing, Top Landing, Landing Gear, and Landing High Japan; arcade flight sims that focus on landing passenger jets)
- Many titles from MicroProse, including:
- F-15 Strike Eagle
- F-19 Stealth Fighter and its sequel F-117A Nighthawk Stealth Fighter 2.0
- The Gunship series
- the Microsoft Flight Simulator series (hardcore simulator)
- the Microsoft Combat Flight Simulator series (hardcore simulator)
- Any combat flight sims by NovaLogic
- the Red Baron series
- Rescue on Fractalus!
- Rise Of Flight: The First Great Air War (Iron Cross Edition bundles some of the Downloadable Content planes released since its debut)
- Secret Weapons Of The Luftwaffe
- Secret Weapons Over Normandy
- the Sidewinder series (Released in the west as Bogey Dead 6/Raging Skies and ''Lethal Skies)
- Sky Odyssey
- Take On Helicopters, a spinoff from the ARMA series.
- Strike Commander
- Video Game Strike Series (blend of this and Shoot 'em Up)
- Tom Clancy's HAWX (arcade)
- War Thunder (free to play World War II multiplayer air combat game)
- Wings Of Glory (World War I sim using the Strike Commander Game Engine)
- X-Plane (Notable for certain implementations being FAA certified)
- Vector Thrust, a fanmade Spiritual Successor for the Ace Combat series.
Spaceflight and Space Combat Simulations
- Black Market is somewhere between this as a resource sim.
- Dark Star One
- Elite, also blends a little bit with the resource management category above
- Oolite, an open-source remake of the above
- Eterium, a blatant Wing Commander-like
- Evochron series
- Freelancer is a free roaming space trader/combat sim
- Starlancer, its predecessor, is a traditional mission-based space sim
- The FreeSpace series (not to be confused with Freelancer)
- FTL: Faster Than Light, which simulates management of starship operations rather than flying it, as it is 2D.
- Galactic Empire
- Gratuitous Space Battles, aside from being Exactly What It Says on the Tin is notable in that the player truly controls nothing once the battle is engaged. Ships are "programmed" with certain aggressive or defensive behaviours and let loose on the battlefield to fend for themselves.
- Hard War
- The Long Night of Solace level in Halo: Reach
- Independence War
- Independence War 2
- Kerbal Space Program
- No Man's Sky
- Orbiter : The Free Spaceflight Simulator
- The Precursors
- Project Sylpheed
- Scrumble Ship
- Star Citizen
- Star Command
- Star Raiders
- Star Trek: Bridge Commander
- Star Trek: Legacy
- Strike Suit Zero
- Tachyon: The Fringe
- Terminal Velocity
- Vega Strike
- Wing Commander and its spin-off, Privateer
- X-Universe series, which especially in later games is also a Mega Corp.-management sim.
Driving and Racing Simulations
Miscellaneous vehicle simulators
- Most of the games published by Excalibur Bublishing which include but are not limited to:
- Bagger Simulator series.
- Farming Simluator 2011
- Garbage Truck Simulator
- Snowcat Simulator 2011
- Street Cleaning Simluator
- Woodcutter Simulator 2011
Soldier and Police Simulations
Military Ground Vehicle Simulations
Naval and Submarine Simulators
Artificial Life and Evolution Simulations
- Creatures, an artificial life simulator.
- DinoSystem, a late cretaceous ecosystem simulator
- The Game Of Life was the first of this genre, although it's anomalous as it has no heredity or evolution.
- Sim Life was the first popular evolution game.
- A lot of Wide Open Sandbox games, most notably the Grand Theft Auto series, are essentially a mash-up of various different simulation aspects (driving, flight, social management, and resource management in the case of GTA) with a driving storyline and RPG elements.
- Cart Life, a combination business/life/social simulator that involves you taking on the responsibilities (and emotional baggage) of a street vendor.
- Crush, Crumble, and Chomp! is a humorous "simulation" of a giant monster attack on a major city.
- Densha De Go (arcade like but contains sim elements)
- Desert Bus, the infamous game from Penn and Teller's Smoke and Mirrors, is a Deconstruction Game based on this genre — the game is claimed to be the first Verisimulator ("Games Stupefyingly Like Reality"), and a standout example of Marathon Level. As the game's instruction manual describes:
Verisimulator is derived from the Latin verus
(true) and similis
(similar, like). A Verisimulator gives you an experience truly similar
to real life, and sometimes life is truly grim
- Disney Magical World, Described as an expy of animal crossing, whose residents are replaced with Disney characters.
- Emergency!, a series of games that places the player in control of Emergency Services in the capacity of an incident commander.
- Floor 13, a Government Conspiracy simulator.
- Life & Death, a surgery simulator.
- Lost in Blue and its predecessor Survival Kids are wilderness survival simulators.
- Millennium Return To Earth is a resource management game with some strategic elements.
- Star Trek: Starfleet Command tends to fall somewhere between a flight simulator and resource management. It was officially described as a naval combat simulator.
- Trainz, a series of railway simulators that are a lot more "serious" than Densha De Go, yet still more like a sandbox game.
- Transarctica (an Adventure Game with sim elements)
- Uplink could best be described as a hacking simulator. Hollywood Hacking, of course, because trying to simulate the real thing would be impractical at best.
- Bridge Builder Series Bridge engineering simulator.
- Operation Flashpoint and the ARMA series are notable in that they combine soldier, flight, ground vehicle, and naval simulation aspects. Various NATO states even use a version of its engine (Virtual Battlespace) for training simulations.
- Aaaaa A Aaaa AA Aaa AAA Aa AAAAAA Reckless Disregard For Gravity: A game that has the player character jump off buildings, do various things on the way down, and to make sure to use a wingsuit to not die upon hitting bottom.
- Power Shovel for Arcade and the PSX, in which the player carefully drives a shovel tractor to destroy targets or pick stuff to drop somewhere, all under a strict time limit.
- Millennia Altered Destinies has the player guide four different races from primitive existence to space age through the use of Time Travel.
- Clout Is a politics simulator and a darkly humorous version of the United States Congress.
- Rulers Of Nations is a nation simulator that covers domestic policy, foreign policy, popularity, infrastructure, economy, trade and much more.