Florence (Firenze in Italian) is a world famous city in the region of Tuscany, in central Italy.
Once a powerful city-state and the cradle of The Renaissance, it is known in large part for the stunning amount of Renaissance and Classical artworks contained within; Michelangelo Buonarroti's David, one of the most famous sculptures in human history, calls Florence home. So does the Uffizi Gallery, one of the largest art museums in the world, which includes masterpieces of the Renaissance by Sandro Botticelli, Leonardo da Vinci and countless other famous artists.
Works featuring Florence include:
- Dante Alighieri wrote The Divine Comedy when he was exiled from the city. It uses Florence's rich history extensively to explore the extents of Inferno, Purgatory, and Paradise.
- Dante's younger compatriot and admirer Giovanni Boccaccio also used his city's history, politics, and culture as grist for his work. Notably, the brigata of the Frame Story of The Decameron are all young Florentine ladies and gentlemen, and Florence and its surrounding countryside are by far the most common setting for the book's hundred stories.
- Basically anything that revolves around the life of Italian Renaissance figures who were born, lived or went there at some point such as Leonardo, Niccolò Machiavelli, the Medici family, Girolamo Savonarola, Donatello, Michelangelo and many others. Among these:
- Assassin's Creed II: Much of the early game is spent in Renaissance era Florence, as the protagonist, Ezio Auditore, was born and raised there and ended up helping the Medici against their common enemies, the Pazzi, and befriended Leonardo. The late 15th century city is recreated in painstaking detail, as well as neighbor smaller cities of Tuscany such as Monteriggioni (the headquarters of the Auditore family and the Tuscany Assassins) and San Gimignano. The DLC Bonfire of the Vanities also takes place there later in the game, with Ezio going up against the Reign of Terror of Girolamo Savonarola.
- The prequel short film Assassin's Creed: Lineage is also mostly set in Florence, mere days before the game starts. Ezio's father Giovanni fights against Templar mooks inside the Duomo, most notably.
- The city likewise appears in optional flashbacks of Ezio's youth that flesh out his tragic love affair with Cristina Vespucci in Assassin's Creed: Brotherhood.
- Just like Ezio's life started in Florence, it ends there in Assassin's Creed: Embers.
- Hannibal Lecter has expressed his love for the city in The Silence of the Lambs and in other stories. Lecter ends up spending a lot of time in Florence in the novel Hannibal and the NBC drama, Hannibal. In both stories, he was on his way to earning tenure at a prestigious Florentine university before he was discovered by the FBI and Mason Verger's henchmen.
- Hetalia: Axis Powers: Paint it White wherein Firenze is overrun and "drained" by the Pict early on. Apparently, putting white flags over the city didn't help much.
- The Enchantress of Florence. Large portions of the book also take place in India, however.
- Most of Inferno (the book and the film) takes place in Florence, as its plot is heavily mired in Dante Alighieri references.
- Giacomo Puccini's opera Gianni Schicchi is set in Florence, and has an aria in praise of the city.
- The Italian comedy film series My Friends was filmed and set there in The '70s.
- Michael Bay's 6 Underground has parts set there, with people roofhopping in the city, including one who goes down the dome of the Santa Maria del Fiore Cathedral.