Spot the Imposter
Can you tell which one's which?

Leela: I don't know which one to shoot!
Fry: Flexo, shoot Flexo!

The heroes encounter a situation where the villain is an imposter of one of their own and/or a sympathetic character. The heroes must find out about the imposter and expose him/her to stop him.

Typically, the situation will involve the impostor and the real person standing side-by-side, both claiming to be the real one, and the other heroes must use their wits to identify who is who, usually by finding a quality that the faker doesn't have (in comedic examples, a positive quality). Or the real person may ask that their friend shoot both of them just to guarantee they get the imposter (and it's almost inevitable if the person has a super-healing power), which usually results in the heroes shooting the other one, because the impostor wouldn't be noble enough to suggest making the Heroic Sacrifice. This is often parodied these days where the imposter suggests it, knowing they'll assume the noble act to mark them out as the original — and sometimes double-parodied when this ends up outing him as the fake since the real person wouldn't be so noble.

In videogames, often the two clones will be desperately attempting to beat the crap out of each other while the player struggles to figure out a means of telling them apart, often with one tackling the other, punching him a few times until the pair rolls over and the person on top switches, ad nauseam (which conveniently allows a very short looping animation to represent the whole fight).

Speculative Fiction variants can get really confusing once you add in the possibilities of magic and/or Applied Phlebotinum: For example, the victim of a Body Swap must find a way to convince their friends that the person who looks like them really isn't, while the impostor is trying to convince the same friends that the victim is trying to initiate a body swap instead of undo one.

A common subversion is for the protagonist to either shoot in a blind guess that turns out correct, or simply shoot both and see who gets madder. In both situations, the victim of the imposter is likely to be incensed that the hero couldn't tell him from his doppelganger.

Another subversion is for neither of them to be an imposter but in fact both are two parts of the same person split with Applied Phlebotinum; see Evil Twin and Literal Split Personality. If they are two (visibly) different people but both claiming to be the 'real' whatever-position-would-be-relevant (captain, mother, president, owner, etc), see Judgment of Solomon.

A more comical subversion is when the imposter looks nothing like the person they are imitating, but people still act like they are identical, even if they haven't bothered with a Paper-Thin Disguise. The less the two look alike in this situation the more likely it is that no one can spot the difference.

May be caused by a Shell Game with people or when a Kill and Replace situation has occurred.

Compare Cover Identity Anomaly, Imposter Forgot One Detail (where the imposter's disguise has one subtle flaw), and Impostor Exposing Test. See also: Evil Twin, Bluff the Impostor, Confronting Your Imposter, Ten Little Murder Victims.


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    Anime and Manga 
  • In Naruto, two different characters use ninjutsu to disguise themselves as Naruto himself in the same episode, but one is identified as an imposter because he was left-handed (his throwing knife holder was on the wrong side), and the other reveals himself as a fake by repeating a long, complicated Trust Password that the real Naruto would never be able to remember.
    • The existence of a transformation technique in the series lead to several more instances of Spot the Imposter, both for mindgames in fights and for comedic filler.
    • During the Fourth Shinobi War an army of Zetsu clones disguise themselves as members of the army and start picking off the enemy. Some are spotted based on mistakes in their cover identity, but ultimately only Naruto can identify them due to his ability to sense their evil intent.
  • In one episode of Ghost in the Shell: Stand Alone Complex, a woman who has obsessively studied Pazu has a duplicate of his cyborg body made and her brain put into it; the two then fight and one ends up dead; the incident is not brought up for the rest of the series, implying that either the real Pazu won, or the fake was so good that she simply took his place.
    • Judicious use of the pause button, combined with paying very careful attention to details such as wounds inflicted at the start of the fight (when viewers still know which Pazu is the real one), make it clear that the real Pazu won the fight. However, the show lets you figure it out for yourself instead of spelling it out for you.
  • Mazinger:
    • In a Mazinger Z episode, Big Bad Dr. Hell fabricates a robot seems just like The Professor Yumi. However it was quickly identified by Sayaka when she noticed the imposter's nails were black. Dr. Hell used that strategy more times, creating a robot looked right like a secondary character and going as far as building a robot resembled The Hero Kouji. They also were spotted sooner or later.
    • That plot was partially reused in a Mazinkaiser episode. The Dragon Baron Ashura kidnapped Prof. Yumi and disguised himself like him. Sayaka suspected him nearly right away, though, because he tossed a birthday gift into a trash bin, and she told others her father would never do that.
  • Something similar occurs in the climax of Read or Die's OVA. By paying attention, it's possible to note that the "real" Miss Deep is the winner before it's revealed as part of the plot.
  • In an episode of YuYu Hakusho, Yuusuke is told that one of his friends is an imposter, and he must identify the imposter by punching them. He correctly chooses Kuwabara, but then reveals that he'd simply chosen the suspect who'd be best able to cope with being punched in the face. And the one who'd most likely fall into the trap allowing an impostor to appear in the first place.
  • Again the split was used in Ah! My Goddess, when Urd was split into her Demon and Goddess parts. Made easier when it turns out that Skuld had secretly put a mark on the goddess Urd.
  • In an episode of Rockman.EXE Beast, an evil alternate version of Numberman shows up infiltrating the core group of friends. When the normal universe's Numberman arrives, obligatory hilarity ensues as the two attack each other identically, to such an extent that their Dice Bombs roll the same number. The problem is solved when it's realized that if they attack both Numbermen, the fake one would be forced to shapeshift, and then all present protagonists can hit him at once.
    • However the evil Numberman has a different color scheme and is clearly wearing a symbol of the Gregia faction instead of Numberman's usual insignia so there's no reason they shouldn't have known he was fake the instant they saw him beyond the fact that the cast is terminally stupid.
  • A variant occurs during the Frieza saga in Dragon Ball Z. Captain Ginyu uses a last ditch move that puts his mind in Goku's healthy, stronger body, while Goku's mind is stuck in Ginyu's injured form. The real Goku has to convince Gohan and Krillin what has happened when they attack him in Ginyu's body.
  • In Futari wa Pretty Cure, Poisonny impersonates Honoka at one point. When Nagisa has to pick the correct Honoka, all she can come up with is to ask them what her (Nagisa's) favorite food was, which is a question that has some problems. The Honokas proceeded to switch off saying accurate (and, for a time, increasingly negative) things about Nagisa, until the real one finally remembered that only she could read the diary in which Nagisa wrote that "my socks are a little smelly," a quotation that confused the fake. (The episode featured a Red Herring in the form of a perfume Honoka had made earlier in science club — as both Honokas pointed out, having or wearing the perfume proved nothing, because the fake could have just stolen the bottle.)
  • Subverted in Fullmetal Alchemist when Mustang and Hawkeye are confronting Envy. Envy pretends to be Mustang in front of Hawkeye. However, after a brief exchange, she points her gun at him and says she knows he's not Mustang because he was calling her Lieutenant, while the real Mustang always calls her Riza when it's just the two of them. Envy expresses surprise that the two of them are that close, at which point she tells him she was lying, but he'd already given himself away.
    • Played straight in the 2003 anime version. In the two-part episode "The Other Brothers Elric", the Tringham brothers pose as Ed and Al. In a variation, the Tringhams don't even resemble the Elrics (save for hair color), but no-one in the town knew what the Elrics look like; they just know their reputation.
    • When Envy poses as Ross, Hughes knows it isn't her when he notices she didn't have a mole under her left eye.
  • In Zatch Bell!, one of the characters has the ability to change into other characters... badly. He often has a way too big nose or forehead, but everyone but the one he transformed into is oblivious to the differences.
  • Pokémon
    • In "Will the Real Oak Stand Up?", with James from Team Rocket being the impostor. Interestingly, James was eventually discovered as the impostor not because he played his part badly but because he played his part too well: they were having a poetry contest, and James came up with overly-flowery poems to impress the judges. The poems were good, but they weren't even close to Professor Oak's actual poems, which were typically only two or three lines but contained a "hidden lesson" that was absent from James' poetry.
    • A later episode did the same thing, with the same imposter, with the same costume. They barely look alike. Nobody can tell the difference.
    • The protagonists usually have a hard time seeing through James and Jesse's disguises, no matter how bad they are. However, in one Tournament Arc, Jesse tried disguising herself as Nurse Joy (there were several Joys at the stadium to handle the massive number of Pokémon) and Brock smelled a rat quickly; he swoons over every Joy he meets, and could even tell them apart (as he explained earlier in the episode) so it was easy for him to recognize a fake Joy, it seemed.
    • He's also spotted a fake Officer Jenny on at least one occasion, specifically because he only went ga-ga over the real one. That is, he subconsciously knew the impostor, despite being physically identical to all the other Jennies out there, was in fact simply a well-disguised man.
    • In another episode, Pikachu is surrounded by many ghostly illusions of Ash, with the real one lost among them. He settles the matter by shocking all of them, making them disappear until only the real Ash is left.
  • In the Alabasta arc in One Piece, Mr 2: Bon Kurei assumes the form of Usopp to fool Vivi. He fails because the crew was on guard, having met him before and had prepared a special sign to reveal their true identities. Not only that, but Bon Kurei in the guise of Usopp acts callous when Karuh is shot. Vivi knows that the real Usopp would never treat Karuh like that.
  • In Sumomomo Momomo, Iroha uses her clan's ability to turn into Momoko, voice and all. She gets touchy feely with Koushi when in the presence of Sanae so Sanae will not interfere with Momoko and Koushi's future marriage. The real Momoko shows up and Koushi figures the right one because Iroha is grabbing onto his arm which was just injured the previous episode and the real Momoko would know about that since she treated the injury. The real Momoko thinks the fake one is an assassin and quickly blasts her away. Iroha shows up about 5 seconds later without the disguise, but very bruised. Nobody ever figures it out or asks about it again.
  • Subverted in a filler arc of Bleach, specifically anime episode 326. While Captain Hitsugaya is fighting Reigei-Momo Hinamori, the real Momo appears and attacks Reigei-Momo. Hitsugaya has to figure out which one is the real Momo so he can defend her from Reigei-Momo's attack. Then, once he makes his choice, to his surprise the Momo he's protecting stabs him, revealing that both of them are Reigei-Momo. They then team up to try to kill him.
  • In Soul Eater, Maka becomes trapped in a room with a demon disguised as Soul, and the real Soul trapped in a box inside the room. The Fake!Soul explains to Maka that she has to open the box to get free (allowing himself to escape) with the real Soul's voice unable to reach her to warn her of the imposter. Maka is almost convinced until she points out that he had closed the door behind her, knowing they would be trapped, and that the real Soul would've immediately warned her to leave.
  • At one point in Part 4 of JoJo's Bizarre Adventure, Okuyasu has to figure out between two people dressed as Speedwagon Foundation members which is an assassin trying to kill Joseph, who's in the same room, with his stand (while the two look nothing alike, Okuyasu had never seen the assassin before and only heard him talk through his stand, and thus doesn't know what he looks or sounds like.) When the assassin discreetly preps his stand to attack, Okuyasu quickly punches him out, and when asked how he knew, proclaims that he's not that smart and was just going to punch out the other guy too.
  • Dragon Collection plays this trope straight a few times, both for drama and for laughs.
  • Fairy Tail: Heroic version. Earthland Erza manages to trick Faust and his soldiers before the Edolas-Erza shows up. Edolas-Erza cuts her hair later to keep it from happening again.
  • In The Seven Deadly Sins, the heroes get confronted by several magical duplicates of Hawk and Elizabeth. Meliodas simply smacks all of the Hawks at Super Speed. The real Hawk gets injured (and calls Meliodas out on it), but the fakes disappear. Meliodas then challenges all the Elizabeths to jump as high as they can. The fakes agree and do it, but the real one refuses because she is wearing a skirt and Meliodas stole her panties earlier.

    Comic Books 
  • Spider-Man: This happens a lot when the Chameleon is involved. (He is a Master of Disguise, after all.)
    • A Fantastic Four and Spider-Man story resolves the situation of the Chameleon impersonating Spider-Man in a distinctive manner. The Thing, holding one in each hand, throws both several meters into the air. The Chameleon reveals himself by screaming in terror and the Human Torch flies up to catch him while the real Spider-Man, who is used to this kind of situation, calmly shoots a webline to swing to safety.
    • One time after he discovered the hero's identity (and the fact that he was Kraven the Hunter's half-brother, something which gave him his confidence back) he impersonated Spider-Man and tried to fool Mary Jane. She realized it wasn't Peter when he kissed her; as she said herself, "It made my skin crawl." (This led to what was probably the most humiliating situation in the villain's career. Spider-Man didn't need to do anything; she beat him senseless with a baseball bat.)
  • Gold Digger plays with this trope. Shapeshifter Madrid arranges to disguise herself as the Heroine, Gina Diggers. She then arranges for the real Gina to act out of character in several suspicious ways (an out-of-date outfit, etc.), while trapping herself for Gina's companions to find. As a finishing touch, during the confrontation with Gina, she uses the "lock us both up" subversion to win the trust of the others.
  • In the Amazons Attack DCU Crisis Crossover, two Sgt. Steels have been discovered, and the government agency he runs need to figure out which is which. Finally, after a long interrogation, one of the Sgt. Steels in exasperation asks for a pen. The soldiers think it is for a handwriting test, but he instead points out that he has a metal arm, which doesn't bleed — and then swiftly stabs the other Steel in the 'metal' arm with a pencil, showing the second Steel to be a shapeshifter when he shouts out in pain. This is subverted, however, in that the first 'Sgt. Steel' is ALSO an imposter, one who has taken on Steel's form to discover where the real one is; he just happens to be an imposter who's quicker at thinking on his feet than the first one. Fortunately, the first one is the good guy.
    "Sgt. Steel": First, everyone knows that I have a metal hand. Second, metal doesn't bleed. Third, you're all fired.
  • Somewhat complicated version in a Nick Fury comic: Fury is battling Baron von Strucker, the head of HYDRA in his soon to be Collapsing Lair, but he has to disguise himself as Strucker using a convenient masking device in order to commandeer a plane out. However, he also sets up Strucker's death by first disguising Strucker as Fury and then putting a second mask on Strucker so he's wearing his own face on top of Fury's. Result? HYDRA troops burst in and see two Struckers fighting. Fury-disguised-as-Strucker convinces the HYDRA troops he's the real Strucker by yelling louder and ordering troops to remove Strucker-as-Fury-as-Strucker's mask, so the troops comply. Strucker panics and dives into the alpha particle generator, dying. Fury-as-Strucker jets off. A bit of Fridge Logic: Fury wears an eyepatch, while Strucker wears a monocle. Where did Fury get two eyepatches and two monocles from?
  • Archie Comics' Sonic the Hedgehog had an extended version in which the changes of Antoine were revealed to be him having been replaced with his Mirror Universe counterpart, who had promptly set to political maneuvering and nearly arranged to become king of Mobius before Sonic finally Spotted The Impostor. (Antoine, meanwhile, had been dumped in his counterpart's place and had been doing his best to play evil to keep anyone from catching on.)
  • In Supergirl (2005) Girl Power storyline, Dark Supergirl switches her costume with the original Supergirl’s at super-speed, in an attempt to fool Batman and Superman as to who was the evil clone. Superman tries to spot the imposter by punching both girls, assuming -wrongly- that the real one will not retaliate. Finally, the real Kara gets fed up with the situation, and tells Wonder Woman to use her Lasso of Truth.
  • An early Batman serial strip had Batman disguise himself as a mob boss in order to free Robin — unfortunately, the real one came back earlier than expected, and the boss' henchmen had recently decided to get rid of their Bad Boss.
  • An example occurs in the Batgirl Adventures Annual #1 comic where Batgirl is helping Harley Quinn track down Poison Ivy, who has been abducted. The villain manages to copycat Harley completely, from attire to voice, and Batgirl contemplates just beating up both of them. She finally figures out the real one when Harley uses her insult nickname for B(r)atgirl.
  • In the final issue of a short-lived mid-70s comic named after and starring The Joker, he decided to hold the heavily-insured feline sidekick of a famous movie comedian for ransom. The comedian disguised himself as the Joker in order to retrieve it, and when the Joker's minions were faced with this trope the Joker suggested that they let the cat go and whoever it went to would not be him. When it went to the Joker instead, and while being arrested he protested that a cat couldn't be trained to go to someone other than its master, the comedian said "No cat except my million-dollar kitty!"
  • A heartbreaking one during Marvel's Secret Invasion (the main mini-series): In Issue #8, Back from the Dead Mockingbird is confronted by her ex-husband, Hawkeye (who, at the time, was presumed dead and operating as masked hero Ronin). To prove she wasn't a Skrull, Hawkeye states a certain date, and asks Mockingbird what it meant. Turns out, Mockingbird had a miscarriage on that date and only she and Hawkeye ever knew she was even pregnant. This also served to tell Mockingbird who was under the Ronin mask.
  • G.I. Joe:
    • An early issue had Zartan trying to escape the Pit by disguising himself as various Joes... Until he tries to imitate Gung-Ho right before the real one shows up. When both of them end up in front of Sgt. Slaughter, he decks one of them, which shifts back to Zartan. Slaughter says it was just a lucky guess.
    • An early issue of the IDW reboot has him try to get into the team disguised as Snake-Eyes, only to get clocked by Duke. Duke didn't know he wasn't really Snake-Eyes, but was simply suspicious: If it had really been Snake-Eyes, he'd have easily blocked or avoided the punch.
  • Shows up extremely often in Diabolik due the titular Villain Protagonist having invented Latex Perfection. It's usually just a question to pinch someone's face to check for a mask, but sometimes even that it's not enough (for example, Diabolik may have an accomplice to impersonate someone with a different corporature, or look sufficiently like someone else to use different means).
    • Other times the spotting is made more complicated by the target preventing the police from doing the face check for some idiotic reason, something that always drives Ginko mad.
    • A scientist once invented a machine that could detect the presence of Diabolik's masks. At the end of the issue, Diabolik had destroyed the machine, killed the scientist and stolen the blueprints.
    • One of Diabolik's impersonations was that of Walter Dorian, a rich guy who looked just like him that Diabolik replaced to have a civilian identity (upon his second arrest, the one where they found out his real face, Diabolik ditched this as useless and confessed his murder).
    • Funny enough, Diabolik has been the spotting one in at least two occasions, where lookalikes hired by the mob impersonated Eva Kant to keep him distracted while they robbed him. The mob instructed the actresses to feign amnesia or being ill to justify the differences in personality that would have caused Diabolik to spot the difference at once. In the case of the fake illness, Diabolik was ultimately able to spot the imposter, but the amnesiac one was so good Diabolik had no idea until she confessed after learning the mob killed her lover (the surgeon that made her into an Eva lookalike).
  • Examples from the Disney Mouse and Duck Comics:
    • Mickey Mouse Comic Universe stories featuring Miklos, the Grey Mouse elevated this trope to an art form, as Miklos can do a perfect Mickey Mouse impression, and looks just like him with grey fur (hence the nickname):
      • In his debut in "Mickey's Dangerous Double" the police gets the both of them and promptly enlists Pluto, only to find him out of commission due his crush on a mannequin dog. They quickly asks Minnie, who first tells the right one (that the reader can recognize from the clothes) but then changes her mind. Numerous other attempts follow (including one relying on Mickey loving a cake that give a stomachache to everyone else that should have worked, except O'Hara got them the wrong cake, resulting in a double stomachache) until they end in a rainwater tank, at which point the Grey Mouse is unmasked thanks to him using washable dye;
      • In "Mickey Mouse and the Grey Scourge", Mickey's friends are enlisted to try and spot the right one but they fail (with Minnie once again getting the real Mickey but getting convinced by Clarabelle it was the other), and are on the verge of a fight when Casey shows up with Pluto, who this time is not out of commission;
      • In the 2014 story "Mickey Mouse and the Seven Boglins" Miklos has a more complex plan than usual, and for a while even Mickey is convinced of being the imposter (it helped he had been duped into taking fake vitamin pills that dyed his fur red and kept him unable to think straight), with the reader not being informed of which one is the fake until Minnie, once again, realizes the switch. This time, however, spotting the imposter is easy, as Minnie (who has evidently learned from the previous encounters) has tricked the fake into getting a tattoo and when comes the time to tell the right one she's quick to ask which one has it.
    • In the Disney Ducks Comic Universe this trope usually involves Paperinik stories, as he is a Master of Disguise and some of his opponents are just as good-or, in one case, better:
  • The Maze Agency: In "Two Wrong Rhodes", three women come forward all claiming to be lost heir to a fortune, and Jen and Gabe have to work out which one is genuine.
  • Mr. Natural, set upon by a horde of admirers, ducks into a store and emerges in disguise in a garish costume change - then encounters someone looking exactly the same, a guru named Holy Ned, who accuses him of stealing his look. Then three or four more identical guys show up. As they argue, Flakey Foont shows up, looking for Mr. Natural to give him money he owes him, and they all excitedly claim to be him. As they all stand identical in a row, a caption asks the reader "Which one is the real Mr. Natural?" Answer: none of them! He'd taken off to put the moves on the local hippie girls.
  • Power Pack: in "X-Men and Power Pack #2" of the all-ages series, Mystique impersonates Jack Power in order to escape the heroes. At Beast's suggestion that Mystique can only mimic a person's appearance but not their powers, Katie fires a salvo of energy balls at both Jacks, forcing the real Jack to assume his cloud form in defence while Mystique remains the same.
  • When she is in someone else's form, Mystique's eyes usually flare yellow when she is tired, excited, angry, or about to shapeshift again.
  • Mystique used the "Shoot us both!" move when she and the SWAT team commander she was imitating were surrounded by SWAT officers; the cops obeyed, one fell, the other didn't; when a cop asked "Why are you still standing, sir?", "he" replied, ("His" eyes flaring yellow) !I just moved my vital organs into my lower body.....".
  • Laff-A-Lympics: During a relay race in "The Meet at Mount Ono", the Great Fondoo creates duplicates of Huckleberry Hound so Quick Draw McGraw won't know who to pass his team's rod to. Quick Draw eventually figures out who the real Huck is by having them sing "Oh My Darling, Clementine". The real one is more off-key than the imposters.
  • Secret Invasion: Avenger Crusader (who is actually a Skrull who decided to live as a human super hero) is in the Avengers' commissary, with a plate of kiwi fruit, strawberries and pickles. Together, the combo approximated the taste of a favored Skrull fruit. He realizes the Avengers have been infiltrated by (other) Skrulls when he sees Hank Pym serve himself the same combo.
  • In one issue of Usagi Yojimbo Gen gets lost in a forest haunted by nine-tailed foxes and runs into Usagi, and suspects he's a fox when another Usagi shows up. After fighting them both for a bit he realizes they're both nine-tailed foxes and runs for it.
  • In a Richie Rich comic book story, Mr. Rich is replaced with an impostor, and when the real Mr. Rich stands beside his impostor, both claiming to be the real Mr. Rich, they are both tested by lighting up a pipe and smoking it. The real Mr. Rich does this without any problem, but the impostor ends up coughing when he inhales from the pipe.

    Comic Strips 
  • One week-long arc in Dilbert had the Pointy-Haired Boss abducted by aliens and replaced by a double. Everyone in the office immediately realizes this because the double is competent and possesses people skills. Due to the differences being good ones, they don't even try to save the real boss (who frees himself by accident when he teaches them Earth management techniques, causing the UFO to crash after the captain downsizes half the crew).

    Fairy Tales 
  • In "The Two Brothers", collected by The Brothers Grimm, two identical twin brothers (with matching Loyal Animal Companions) set out to seek their fortunes; one has no particular luck, while the other rescues a princess from a dragon and marries her. When the brothers are reunited at the end, they decide for a laugh to go together to the court and not tell anyone which is which. Even the princess can't tell the men apart, but she identifies her husband after taking a close look at their animal companions. (Her husband's animals are wearing neck decorations she gave them after they helped kill the dragon.)

    Fan Works 
  • In Seven Little Killers, Japan intends to shoot Canada for being one of the killers, but can't tell him apart from America; it winds up being a moot point since the gun isn't loaded, so he just flying tackles one of them into the river.
  • In PnF: Stolen Identity, Ferb is replaced by a double for some unexplained but evil purpose. Said double spends the rest of the story acting so unlike Ferb that Phineas eventually thinks he's lost his mind and becomes completely terrified of his beloved stepbrother...meaning he fails this trope for most of the story. Fortunately he eventually figures out which is the real Ferb and the pair escape, leaving the evil double with the invention he needed Phineas to build for a reason we're never told.
  • In Out Of The Dead Land, this trope becomes a recurring plot element when evil robot duplicates begin attempting to replace the Avengers. Bucky is able to detect the robot-Sam impostor with his Super Senses and exploit the robots' lack of blood to test others whenever he gets paranoid or suspicious, but he does still get fooled by them at crucial times, most notably when Hydra shoots a Steve duplicate that was specially made to actually 'bleed' convincingly.
  • In Doppelgänger, the Dark Doppelgangers have red eyes, which can distinguish them from their normal counterparts. However, Prussia has red eyes as well, making him identical to his. New Zealand solves this by punching them both in the face, as the doppelgangers have a nigh instant healing factor.
  • In this My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic fan comic, Shining Armor's put in this situation when Chrysalis changes into Cadance again. He asks Cadance to say Something Only They Would Say, which leads to an argument over Shining's obsession with a tabletop war game. When Chrysalis says that she loves that game, Shining grins at Cadance and says now he definitely doesn't know who to shoot, much to her horror.

    Films — Animation 
  • Sev Trek: Pus in Boots (an Australian CGI spoof of Star Trek: The Next Generation). The crew find themselves confronted with two Captain Pinchhards, one of them a shapeshifting alien. Lt. Barf wants to kill them both, as the alien would revert to its natural state when dead, while Beta tries "statistical probability" ("eeny-meeny-miny-mo") but Commander Piker suggests asking a question only the real Captain would know.
    Piker: Captain, what is my favorite trombone jazz number?
    Pinchhard: How the hell should I know?!
    Pinchhard 2: Beats me.
    Piker: I played it for you on your birthday! You loved it!
    Pinchhard: Oh please! I slept through the whole thing!
    Pinchhard 2: Here's a combadge, Number One. Call someone who cares!
  • Toy Story 2. When the toys realize they have two Buzz Lightyears, the real Buzz cleverly reveals his double's true identity by pressing the button that opens the double's bubble helmet. The double falls to the ground gasping for air, the same way the real Buzz did in the first movie. He clinches the identification by showing the toys the name "Andy" on the sole of his boot.

    Films — Live-Action 
  • X-Men Film Series
    • X-Men has Mystique pulling that trick too. However, Wolverine can smell the difference between Mystique and Storm, so he doesn't fall for it. Later, Cyclops asks Wolverine to confirm he is the real thing:
      Wolverine: You're a dick.
      Cyclops: Okay.
    • In X2: X-Men United, the trope is averted when Stryker is able to recognize his "handiwork" on sight — it's enough to fool the soldiers, but somehow the Colonel can tell with one close-up look. Which actually isn't that surprising. Parents can tell the difference between identical twins even when others can't.
  • Done in The Island, with a twist: the impostor was the protagonist.
  • Darkman did the same thing. His cover was blown, however, when his skin started melting.
  • Clumsily handled in Futureworld, the deservedly forgotten sequel to Westworld. The first movie, competently scripted and directed by Michael Crichton, features an average man (Richard Benjamin) being stalked by a gunslinger robot (Yul Brynner) through a robot-filled theme park. The robots are just enough "off" from real humans to get on your nerves. The sequel dumps all the subtlety and make the robots "perfect" imitations of humans, so it can save on acting and direction cost and steal the plot of Invasion of the Body-Snatchers. Late in the film, the two humans escape into the theme park and the boss robot, instead of ordering his trustworthy minions after them, sends out their own robot duplicates! This bit of Plot Idiocy telegraphs the movie's Spot the Impostor ending so ludicrously you want to shout "Oh, come onnnn!" at the TV set.
  • In keeping with the love that Star Trek: The Original Series had for this trope, it gets used again in Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country, at the climax of Kirk and McCoy's escape from Rura Penthe. A shapeshifter impersonates Captain Kirk, but it is the real Kirk the Klingons want to shoot. A "Shoot him he's the one" argument ensued, with an element of Fridge Logic: the shapeshifter should have tried to save herself by switching back to her normal form. She still would have been shot, but there's no explanation for why she doesn't.
    • Fridge Logic kicks in. The real Kirk still had his leg shackles on. The Chameloid morphed down to a little girl and had slipped out of them earlier. If you look at their feet during the "Kirk on Kirk" fight, you can see only one wearing them.
  • Face/Off features a face-switch between the protagonist and antagonist, which both use to fool those close to their enemy. Hero Sean Archer convinces his wife of his true identity with the story of their first kiss.
  • Terminator 2: Judgment Day: Page quote of Bluff the Impostor... and the closing fight scene where the shapeshifting Terminator has impersonated Sarah Connor, and John must work out which is the real one (which wants him alive) and the bad one (who wants him very very dead). He picks the good one.
    • In the extended version, they reveal how John was able to make the right choice: due to the freezing/smashing/recombining the T-1000 went through, its morphing is damaged and it ends up copying the appearance of materials it is in contact with. John looked down and noted that the fake Sarah had a corrugated metal pattern on its legs. In another version, the heat rising through the grating below has melted her legs in the pattern of the grate.
    • In Terminator Genisys, the T-1000 impersonates Kyle but when the real Kyle comes in, Sarah doesn't know who to trust. She shoots one in the foot to see the reaction and it's the T-1000.
  • Red Dawn (1984). One of the American guerilla fighters finds an U.S. Air Force officer who's been downed behind Soviet lines and asks "What's the capital of Texas?" When he replies "Austin" she replies that it's Houston and accuses him of being a Dirty Communist. Tanner replies that she's been watching too many movies. (Ironically Tanner gives the right answer, probably a Shout-Out to the incident with General Bradley at the Battle of the Bulge.)
  • Happens twice in The Assignment (1997) about a US naval officer called on to impersonate Carlos the Jackal. On the first occasion a terrorist who knows the real Carlos accidentally runs into the protagonist at London airport. Unfortunately the protagonist tries to bluff his way out by pretending to be Carlos, and when the terrorist responds, "I need to get a newspaper" realizes too late that it's a password to which he doesn't know the countersign. Later his CIA handler mentions a similar incident where he was forced to kill a man who didn't respond with the correct countersign, and later uses this story to tell the difference between the protagonist and the real Carlos.
  • The blood test scene in The Thing (1982) qualifies. In fact, given the creature's ability to disguise itself, this is a constant theme of the entire film. If the blood test counts, so does any film of TV show that homages the blood test scene, such as The Faculty, with the drug test.
  • Invasion U.S.A. (1952). A Russkie disguised as an American soldier doesn't know who the Chicago Cubs are ("Cubs? A cub is a small animal, a bear..."). Lampshaded by Tom Servo.
    American soldier: Ever see the Cubs play?
    Servo as the impostor: Yeah, they won... No! Damn!
    • And later spoofed:
    American patrol: Who goes there?
    Crow, panicky: Uh, the Cubs! Studs Terkel! Saul Bellow! Oh, whatever, just shoot 'em!
  • The climax of The Adventures of Pluto Nash involves the title character's fight against his evil clone and both wearing the same outfit. Pluto tricked the clone's goons into shooting the clone.
  • Dragonball Evolution has this with Chi-Chi fighting against Mai shape-shifted into her. Goku fails to spot the imposter and punches out the real one, allowing Mai to escape.
  • Police Academy 6: City Under Siege ends with the Big Bad posing as Commissioner Henry Hurst. To see who the fake one is, the police officers use the Pinocchio-test (they perform a nose pull on both commissioners, revealing the fake one is wearing a rubber mask).
  • In Muppets Most Wanted, Miss Piggy manages to tell Kermit and Constantine apart by asking both of them if they'll marry her. Constantine just says yes while Kermit stammers in his answer, making Piggy realize that the latter is the real Kermit.
  • In Enemy, Anthony's wife suspects briefly that Adam isn't her husband, but dismisses it. Adam's girlfriend, meanwhile, realizes who Anthony is leading to both of their deaths.
  • In John Carter, an enemy shape-shifter turns into John and fools Tars Tarkus at first. When the real John arrives, Tarkus is confused at first but makes the right decision when he sees red blood dripping from John's wounds.
  • The film version of Slaughterhouse-Five begins in World War II where soldier Billy Pilgrim wanders lost in the forest, and gets tackled by two American soldiers who think he's a German - they ask him who won the 1939 World Series. He doesn't know, and it turns out the other two don't know themselves.
  • Ice Cold in Alex. The protagonists begin to suspect that the South African officer who hitched a lift with them may be a German spy because he doesn't know how to brew up a Spot of Tea in the preferred method used by South African soldiers.

  • The Alex Rider book Point Blanc ends with a genuinely disturbing sequence in which Alex and a clone of the BigBad surgically altered to look exactly like Alex go mano a mano. The prose deliberately acts like a distant camera, leaving the reader to play Spot The Doppelgänger and find it impossible, even when one falls into an inferno. In the next book, everything's all fine and dandy with Alex being the survivor, but...
    • Pops up again in Scorpia Rising: the clone (who survived the fall) and Alex are pointing guns at each other, and a CIA agent who comes on scene has to determine which of them just tried to assassinate the American secretary of state. He makes a correct deduction (Alex had a pistol, but the clone had a rifle, a sniper's weapon) but is shot before he can fire his own gun.
  • In the Thursday Next book First Among Sequels, Thursday fights off a fictional duplicate of herself. As a twist the writing changes so that we see things from the duplicate's point of view, despite being in the first person narrative, and without warning. It can take a reader a while to notice the switch.
  • Meg must perform this task in Madeleine L'Engle's A Wind in the Door, distinguishing her detested principal Mr. Jenkins from two imposters created by echthroi (which are essentially that universe's equivalent of demons). The imposters try too hard to be Mr. Jenkins and so fail, while the real Mr. Jenkins simply acts like himself (bored, confused, and wondering when this little game will be over).
  • Averted in Brothers in Arms by Lois McMaster Bujold. Miles is kidnapped, replaced by his clone, and interrogated; at one point in the interrogation, he and the clone are briefly alone together. He considers trying to trick his captors into thinking that he's the clone, but rejects the idea when he realizes that he hasn't shaved since he was taken and is currently sporting several days more stubble than the clone is.
  • The Iron Man novel Operation: A.I.M. had several Avengers battling shapeshifting "adaptoids"; Iron Man tricks the War Machine impostor into giving himself away by pretending his Powered Armor had a chameleon circuit. When the android uses this as an excuse to shapeshift in front of the others, his cover is blown two of the three other heroes there, Captain America and the Black Panther, were also adaptoids. Iron Man was at that point on his own but hadn't realized it yet. Later, the heroes must fight their own doppelgangers and resort to uncharacteristic tactics to win since the fakes know all their usual moves.
  • In the online novel John Dies at the End, determining who is a copy is simple, since their makers actually mark each clone's big toe. This leads to a Tomato in the Mirror for one of the protagonists.
  • Subverted in Maximum Ride. After the situation is set up, the imposter is instantly identified by Angel, who points out "I can read minds, you moron."
  • Animorphs:
    • In the David trilogy, David morphs Jake's cousin, who is badly injured after being hit by a car and expected to die in surgery, and takes his place. Jake figures it out almost instantly, when "Saddler's" injuries are miraculously healed. Everyone else not in on the masquerade fails miserably.
    • David also impersonates Marco. When a Marco shows up, he's tested by the others: they make comments to him and see if he responds sarcastically.
    • A one-man variation in #6 when Jake gets infested by a Yeerk. The Yeerk is unable to contain its hatred of Andalites, and blows its cover for good when it protests being tied up for three days (the maximum duration Yeerks can survive without soaking up Kandrona rays), which the real Jake would instantly have agreed to.
  • It also gets some time in the Harry Potter books because of the Polyjuice Potion: at the start of Order of the Phoenix, where Lupin asks Harry what his Patronus is, several uses after the Seven Potters escape, and a number for trying to detect Death Eater impersonators.
  • Clive Cussler is fond of this in several of his books. Indeed the Dirk Pitt novel Iceberg has several examples:
    • Pitt is recovering from a plane crash in Iceland with a local doctor when a pair of cops stop by to ask questions. They state they just had coffee with the sergeant of a local village before he went on patrol. In private, the doctor tells Pitt the men are imposters as that sergeant doesn't patrol the area and is allergic to coffee. Pitt had already noticed one of the "cops" had patches on his shoulders where a sergeant's stripes would be.
    • Pitt meets with Kristi Frye, the long-hidden sister of the late explorer/researcher Kristjan Frye. Pitt is stunned when later in the book, it's revealed that Kristi is Kristjan, having undergone a sex change to be the woman she's also longed to be. While he didn't expect that, Pitt does find something off and over dinner, talks of how, in New Guinea, he ordered an echidna seaweed and Kristi agrees it's a great dish. An odd reaction given how Pitt just said he had the equivalent of "a New York cut steak wrapped in porcupine quills."
    • Asked how he knew something was wrong, Pitt explains that Kristi's tan was far too shallow for someone who was supposed to have spent years living in the South American jungle.
    • In the novel's climax, Pitt rescues a pair of diplomats from assassins on the Pirates of the Caribbean ride at Disneyland. Asked how he knew the killers were posing as robot pirates, Pitt quotes Walt Disney himself on "we were eyeball to eyeball and I saw the other fella blink."
  • Goosebumps:
    • Stay Out of the Basement involves a plant clone. After the clone is revealed to be a plant being, the plot seems to wrap up... until a flower in the front garden attempts to convince the protagonist that it is the real one.
    • In I Am Your Evil Twin, the protagonist uses his food allergy to prove that he's not the evil clone. Unfortunately, the clone swaps the target food for a version the protagonist is not allergic to, and then vomits on purpose, successfully fooling everyone into thinking he's the real thing.
  • Spoofed in The Culture novel Matter when Upper-Class Twit Prince Ferbin is on the run and seeks help from a former tutor who, to verify his identity, asks him a series of questions from his studies. When he gets them all wrong, the tutor responds dryly that Ferbin is indeed his indifferent student from long ago.
  • Played with in the Phule's Company book Phule me Twice, in which the identical looking robot is never recognised, despite its limited programmed responses, which are all casino based. Even the Company smart folk don't get suspicious, when advised to try the slots or the all-night buffet. Instead, they fear sunstroke. After Phules return, they use the robot to drive the unwanted new CO over the edge, as he wouldn't know about its existence.
  • In Sewer, Gas & Electric, Harry Gant is kidnapped and forced to compete against his robot duplicate in a video game, with his parents' lives as the stakes. His ex-wife breaks in to rescue the Gants, and the robot tries to trick her by voicing its "relief" at being "saved". She immediately shoots the robot, knowing that the real Harry is such a game addict that he wouldn't even notice her arrival.
  • God-Emperor of Dune inverts this, where there's an army of impostors and the task is to spot the real one. Leto II's Fish speaker army is facing a legion of shapeshifting Face Dancers who are impersonating his general, Duncan Idaho. When he scans the crowd, he immediately spots a naked one among the copies.
  • In a Nancy Drew book, when referring to a man who had been hospitalized, another man says, "taken to hospital", instead of "taken to the hospital". The former is a British term. The man has been posing as an American to escape crimes he was charged for in England.
  • Only resolved through a Deus ex Machina in Journey to the West when two identical monkeys claim to be the monkey king, and they take their fight to continuously more powerful divine beings, all of whom (except the last) fail to identify the real one.
  • Subverted in A Farewell to Arms by Ernest Hemingway. The protagonist (an American volunteer in the Italian army) is arrested as a German infiltrator because he speaks Italian with an accent — as does the military policeman arresting him, as most Italians were more familiar with their local dialect.
  • Partially subverted in the first story in Isaac Asimov's The Union Club Mysteries, where a club member named Griswold commented that spies sent to infiltrate defense agencies in particular were recruited from among people who'd spent several years in the US and were thoroughly grounded in American trivia. He then told of how he'd unmasked one such spy whom he'd been interrogating for hours by playing a word-association game which finished with him saying "terror of flight" and the spy responding "gloom of the grave." This was a giveaway because both phrases are from the third stanza of "The Star-Spangled Banner," and " loyal, true-blue American knows the words of the third stanza of our glorious national anthem" making it much more likely that it was a spy who had studied too hard.
  • In one of the Clue mystery series stories, Professor Plum makes several clones of Miss Peacock, alike in every way, save that the clone-Peacocks always lie. They corner all of them, all acting like fuss-budgets, all claiming to be the real Peacock, and the reader is asked how to tell them apart. The answer is to ask any simple question with a non-subjective answer, like "What is 2+2?".
  • Implied to happen offscreen in The Dresden Files, and rather frequently, at that. Ghost Story, covers how Chicago has gotten a great deal Darker and Edgier since the events of the previous book, Changes, six months previous. In order to verify a character's identity, Karrin Murphy demands him to "Bleed for me." Not only does he do so without protest, he has a pin on him for such a purpose. Harry notes that, while there are a great many supernatural shapeshifters, none of them can create convincing blood. He also comments on how bad things must have gotten in the six months he's been dead for the test to have gotten so commonplace.
  • The short story Granny Gumption Solves a Murder has the title character, a little old lady turned amateur sleuth, confronting the supposed returned son of a wealthy family. She knows he's the murderer who killed a doctor who was seeing through the ruse and says the tip-off was that his well-manicured hands don't match "the prodigal son who spent ten years working in the Peruvian mines," indicating he's an imposter. She urges him to turn himself in but he has other ideas.
  • Galaxy of Fear: The Nightmare Machine has an elaborate and convincing simulation going on in which the protagonists' worst fears are realized. Zak realizes that his robot caretaker DV-9 is actually a sim because Deevee never reacted to the simulations before, among other things.
    • In Clones, the original and clone Hooles had fought a Shapeshifter Showdown; Tash had been watching, both because it was fascinating and because she didn't want to have to do this trope when they were done, but is interrupted and loses track. Soon she does have to spot which one is real... and comes up with something.
      "There's no way to tell you apart," she said, raising the blaster. "I'll just have to shoot you both."
      • The clone jumps at her, so she blasts him. The real Hoole asks how she knew.
      Tash shrugged. "Clones don't really understand feelings that well. The real Hoole would have known I couldn't shoot him, but the clone wouldn't know that. I knew he would believe my threat, and try to stop me."
      • Earlier in that book a clone of Zak wants Tash to enter a code, but she stops warily, thinking that he's supposed to know the code too, and why wouldn't he have done it himself? These clones have many of the same memories as their templates, but apparently in less detail.
  • In the story "The Brain Stealers of Mars", the thushol are Martian shapeshifting parasites who impersonate the heroes. They're also mind-readers, so that a duplicate has all the knowledge of the original, and the heroes can't find out who is the real one by questioning each other.
  • In the early story Counterfeit, an alien imposter who has infiltrated the crew is detected in a medical check because the imitation isn't quite perfect; amongst other faults, the alien has a blood-glucose level of zero — a real human would be dead.
  • In the Star Trek: The Next Generation novel "Rogue Saucer", Picard and his bridge crew, flying the stardrive section of the Enterprise, are confronted by two saucers — the Enterprise's own, and the rogue of the title. Picard and Worf quickly work out the solution: open fire on both. The one that fires back is the rogue.
  • The point of the story in Emily the Strange: Stranger and Stranger. The two Emilys are trying to determine which one is the real one.

    Live-Action TV 
  • Star Trek: The Original Series loves this trope to pieces.
    • In the episode "Whom Gods Destroy", Spock sees Kirk standing right next to an insane shapeshifter who is posing as Kirk. Spock identifies the imposter getting into a fight and noticing that one Kirk orders them both shot to prevent the imposter from escaping. Knowing that the imposter would never give that kind of command, Spock stuns the other one. This may be the origin of the "shoot us both" gambit, which itself is so well-known that today it's more likely that the evil one will use it, expecting the decider to shoot the other one (several such examples are below).
      • Spock knew that the shapeshifter in question couldn't hold another identity for more than a few minutes. He says so, and explains that all he has to do is wait. That's when the "Shoot him! No, shoot us both" dialogue occurs.
      • Leonard Nimoy hated this episode, noting that as The Smart Guy Spock should have been able to easily and quickly create the kind of highly personal trick questions only his best friend, Kirk, should be able to answer properly to identify himself. According to Spock, he did not make his choice based on the order to shoot them both, but rather based on which one was winning: Kirk was recovering from an illness and thus was at a disadvantage against the healthier duplicate.
    • A variation of the above gambit happened in the episode "What Are Little Girls Made Of?": The villain creates an android clone of Kirk with a copied mind, but Kirk fills his mind with anti-Vulcan racist thoughts during the copying procedure to contaminate the android's mind. This causes the android to insult Spock, which causes Spock to realize that the android is an impostor.
    • One of the worst episodes of the series, "Turnabout Intruder", used the body-swap variant.
    • The first episode ("The Man Trap") featured a shapeshifting creature that drained the salt from people. It shapeshifted several times before settling on shifting into McCoy's form. It could be spotted by its tendency to curve its index finger and nibble slightly on the arc of the finger.
      • Actually, that gesture was meant to be an outward expression of its craving for salt. See also the way alcoholics were often presented on film in that era.
    • Using the Evil Twin variant, in the episode "The Enemy Within", Kirk is split by a transporter accident into his "good" and "evil" halves. In what might be considered a subversion, it turns out Kirk's "evil" half is not so much evil, as driven by passion and base instinct, and Kirk's "good" half, the logic and intellect side, is incapable of acting competently without it (though there are those who might argue Shatner was incapable of acting competently anyway...).
      • An asexual instance of Freudianism? Id and Superego split from the Ego? Oh hey, Incredibly Lame Pun.
    • And again in "Mirror, Mirror", when Kirk, McCoy, Uhura, and Scotty are transported to the mirror universe and replaced by their doubles. Spock casually mentions at the end how easy it was to spot them, saying, "It's far easier for civilized people such as yourselves to act like barbarians, than it is for barbarians to act like civilized people."
    Spock: They were brutal, unprincipled, uncivilized, treacherous; in every way splendid examples of Homo sapiens, the very flower of humanity.
    Kirk: I'm not sure, but I think we were just insulted...
    McCoy: Oh, I'm sure of it.
  • Star Trek: Deep Space Nine did an Arc about shapeshifting imposters. However, the first episode in the arc ("The Adversary") was actually a subversion. A Founder traps the crew inside a ship it controls, then tries to pick off the crew one by one. The climax of the episode is O'Brien seeing two Odos, who demand he pick the real one. O'Brien shrugs, says "I've got better things to do than play 'choose the changeling'." and has his assistant hold them both at gunpoint while he begins reprogramming the ship's computer — which forces the imposter to reveal himself by attacking.
    • One episode had Sisko and a Jem'Hadar grappling, while an ally stood nearby with a phaser. The visibility was so poor he could only make out silhouettes. He found a way to shoot the right one:
    SISKO: You've got sharp eyes.
    EDDINGTON: Not really. I just waited to see which of you was knocked down first, and then I shot the one still standing.
  • In a weak first-season episode of Star Trek: The Next Generation Lore incapacitates Data and proceeds to impersonate him. Handled in a terrible, confusing way: Wesley quickly notices the impersonation, but Picard is inexplicably unwilling to believe him, telling Wesley to "shut up" - when he was the one who sent Wesley to check on Data and Lore in the first place.
  • Star Trek: Voyager does this with spaceships in "Parallex". A Negative Space Wedgie has created an identical image of Voyager. Captain Janeway and B'Elanna Torres are in a shuttle, and only have time to land on one before Voyager escapes the anomaly. They have to work out the problem based on which direction the ship is facing.
  • In The A-Team, B.A. faces a sympathetic character who is standing right next to his imposter, who resembles him in every way, except that they each have different colored lapel flowers. He claims that he can use those flowers to identify the imposter, a bluff based on the (successful) gamble that the imposter would bolt in a panic, thus revealing himself.
  • Red Dwarf, "Psirens": The fake Lister is identified because he can actually play the guitar.
  • The Bionic Woman and Gemini Man both shared a Recycled Script in which each show's hero must cope with an identical imposter. The Bionic Woman proves her identity while standing side by side with the imposter by calling attention to herself and then jumping several metres up, a move the imposter cannot duplicate, thus exposing her. The hero of Gemini Man simply turns on his invisibility.
    Jaime Imposter: Oh, honey, I can copy your voice but not your moves.
    • There was a second episode of The Bionic Woman involving Jaime's imposter, who was now taking pills to duplicate her bionic strength. When Jaime was cornered by Oscar and the authorities, she proved she was the real one by telling Oscar to ask her a question without using the bullhorn he had, which only she could have heard because of her bionic hearing.
  • Stargate SG-1 has the episode "Holiday", where Daniel is tricked into switching bodies with an aging scientist who intends to use Daniel's body to continue his crusade against the Goa'uld. Though the two are different characters, they are both played by the same actor.
    • In that episode, Daniel (in Machello's body) is questioned to prove whether he's really Daniel or not:
    Jack: Okay, what color dress did your sister wear when I went out with her last week?
    Daniel: I don't have a sister, and if I did, I'd never let her date you anyways.
    • Jack is once transformed into his teenaged self (sort of, it is a clone, but we don't know that until the end of the episode) and starts revealing classified information about the rest of the team to prove who he is.
    • There is another one where Daniel is invisible and communicating through his grandfather, who is the only one who could see him. Spot the Imposter without the imposter.
    Daniel: Repeat what I say. I'm standing right next to you.
    Nick: He's standing right next to me.
    Jack: Lost a little weight, have you?
    Daniel: Jack, don't be an ass.
    Nick: Jack, don't be an ass.
    Jack: (looking towards Daniel in surprise) Daniel?
Daniel was just muttering the second phrase to himself, not expecting Nick to repeat it.
  • Angel's season 3 episode "Carpe Noctem" featured an old man called Marcus who switched bodies with Angel.
    Marcus-in-Angel's body: "It's him — he's the one who's been casting that spell."
    Cordy: "You're Angel? With that cologne? I don't think so."
  • 7Days had a recurring imposter character, Galina Komanov, who looked exactly like the main character Dr. Olga Vukovich. She appeared in the first-season episode "There's Something About Olga" and the second-season episode "Two Weddings and a Funeral".
  • Noticeably subverted in the 1995 Are You Afraid of the Dark? episode "The Tale of the Chameleons", where it appears that the imposter actually manages to survive while the impostee is killed. Also notable for the fact that the imposter and impostee were played by different people (namely the Mowry twins).
  • Get Smart must have the highest ratio of evil imposter plots, Max, 99, and the Chief all being impersonated at least twice in its 5-year run.
    • In one episode Max is unable to prove himself legitimate, as the imposter who replaces him is well-informed. Why no-one finds it suspicious that normally lame-brained Max would be so up on top-secret information is a mystery.
    • In another episode, Max, 99, the Chief, and a KAOS defector were all in Max's apartment when a KAOS assassin master of disguise who looks just like the Chief slips in. When the two lookalikes end up in the same place, Max, knowing the assassin is very sensitive to light, holds a lamp up in his face. When he reacts sharply, Max shoots him. Then he tells the others how he knew, holds the lamp up, and they all react sharply - he has an Oh, Crap! reaction.
  • The fifth season finale of Lost, "The Incident", provides an interesting variation on this. At the end of season 4, it was revealed that John Locke was dead. However, in the fifth season, after the Oceanic 6 return to the island via a plane that was carrying John's coffin, John is revealed to be very much alive. This is lampshaded by Ben, who is just as confused as the viewers, saying that the island has never brought someone back to life before. In the season finale, it is revealed that this John Locke is actually an imposter (Jacob's as-yet unnamed rival, who was looking for a "loophole" to kill Jacob). The body of the real Locke was still in the cargo hold of the plane, and it is not yet known how this man could have turned himself into an exact duplicate of Locke.
    • As it turns out, the imposter is Jacob's twin brother, also known as The Man in Black, also known as the Smoke Monster that had been antagonizing our heroes since Season 1. The Man in Black has the ability to take on the form of any person who had died in order to manipulate their loved ones into doing his bidding; after Jacob is murdered, he is somehow "locked" in the form of Locke for the rest of the show. However, the other characters eventually discover his true identity, aided by the fact that he slips into his smoke form from time to time in order to slaughter anyone who stands in his way.
  • On Bones, Arastoo talks in a thick accent, often in Iranian or very broken English. During an examination, everyone is ignoring his attempts to break in until Arastoo suddenly shouts out and proceeds to detail his findings in perfect, non-accented English. He explains to their shock that he was worried a devout Muslim among a bunch of scientists would get grief for it and thus took on this act to fit in. He apologizes to Brennan but she responds by relating she knew from the start it was an act as she found it odd an Iranian would speak English with a Jordanian accent. She just didn't see any reason to bring it up.
  • Buffy the Vampire Slayer
    • The split personality type is used when Xander is split into his "Cool" and "Lame" sides by a magical artifact. We follow the lame Xander around and discover suddenly that they're the same person. Surprisingly, the dual body effect was done so well because the actor Nicholas Brendon is actually an identical twin whose brother guested on the episode, although the twin was mainly used as a body double — Nicholas Brendon played all of the scenes in which one twin was alone, and whichever role was larger in the scenes where they were together.
      • This episode has both Xanders simultaneously saying the line "Kill us both, Spock".
    • The episode where Giles is turned into a demon, Buffy is able to tell it's him when she looks into his eyes "because no one else can look quite that annoyed with me."
    • Something similar happens when, after being attacked by zombies, Cordelia suddenly runs into Giles.
    Cordelia: How do we know it's really you and not Zombie!Giles?
    Giles: Cordelia, do stop being tiresome.
    Cordelia: It's him.
    • Faith and Buffy switch bodies. When told by Buffy (in Faith's body) to ask her a question only she would know, Giles asks, "Who's President?" "We're checking for Buffy here, not a concussion," Buffy replies. Giles eventually gets it. Tara knows right away (because Buffy has the wrong aura). No one else clues in, however.
    • When Spike, unknown to the rest of the protagonists, has a robot double made of Buffy and has it programmed to sound and act like the real Buffy (with some "upgrades", like being nice to Spike instead of beating him up), the others fall for it when they first encounter the double, which gets Buffy mad, "You couldn't tell me from a robot?" (Given the poor quality of the impersonation, she had a point).
      • Well, Joyce had just died, so they expected her to act differently. And they did think she was insane!
    • In "Doppelgangland", Buffy and Xander are traumatized when they meet an alternate universe counterpart of Willow who's a vampire. When the real Willow appears in the library, Xander reacts by brandishing a crucifix, but when it doesn't cause Willow to recoil in pain, Buffy realizes that Willow hasn't been turned after all. Angel was also thrown by Vampire Willow's appearance:
      Angel: Buffy, I... I just... Something's happened that...Willow's dead. (distractedly) Hey, Willow...Wait a second...
      Xander: We're right there with you, big guy.
    • Spoofed in "Gone" when the Trio accidentally turn Buffy invisible. Andrew comments that Buffy could be anywhere, even right there among them. "For all we know, she could even be one of us!" The Trio look at each other in alarm until they realize how ridiculous that sounds.
  • An episode of The Commish involved twin brothers confessing to the same crime (a case of Artistic License – Law as both could be arrested for conspiracy, even if you couldn't prove who did the actual murder). The real murderer is uncovered because he's dyslexic, and when telling his brother about the crime he passed on his incorrect reading of a sign.
  • Subverted in the final episode of the second Blackadder series: Blackadder tells a would-be assassin that Queen Elizabeth's nursemaid will attend her costume party dressed as a cow. After he escapes, Edmund hurries to the party and stabs the person in the cow costume. The others think he's killed Nursie... until she rushes in, wearing a costume with four udders, at which point Edmund points out: "Ludwig was a master of disguise, whereas Nursie is a sad insane old woman with an udder fixation."
  • Painkiller Jane has a variant of the "shoot them both" scheme where it is viable because Jane has regeneration powers. The imposter has regeneration powers too, but he does the Shapeshifter Swan Song and its all a plan bordering on roulette anyways, so it works out well for the team.
  • Scarecrow and Mrs. King Has an episode with an enemy agent fixed up to look like Amanda. In the wake of a fight between them, both Amandas are hanging off a building's roof. Knowing time is short, Lee is trying to figure out which one to save. The real Amanda reveals herself by going, "Oh, my God!" Lee pulls her to safety and the impostor falls to her death.
  • Gilligan's Island had several impostor episodes. One featured an impostor Gilligan, who was actually a Russian spy. Gilligan discovers him and the two do a "mirror scene" in a doorway until Gilligan pretends to sneeze, but the imposter actually does sneeze. A second featured an imposter Ginger, who couldn't see well without her glasses, which gave her away. The third featured an imposter Mr. Howell, who first turned up on the mainland claiming he was the only survivor of the castaways, then wound up on the island after falling off his yacht.
  • Partially subverted amusingly in LazyTown when Robbie Rotten impersonates Sportacus. The other characters can't tell the difference despite Robbie being, among other things, 4-5 inches taller and a lot less muscular. Stephanie suggests a race to tell them who is the real Sportacus, and Robbie wins because Sportacus is forced to forfeit the race halfway through to rescue Bessie. Stephanie realizes that the one who forfeited to rescue Bessie must be the real one, says so, and unmasks Robbie by pulling his false moustache off. The tag would be a very touching Aesop on friendship if it wasn't for the simple fact that Robbie and Sportacus look nothing alike, and they should have been able to tell them apart by looking at them.
    • Though it made a great "I am Sportacus" gag.
    • Then there's the episode 'Double Trouble' where Robbie impersonates the mayor, and once again everyone falls for it, despite the fact that Robbie looks nothing like the mayor.
  • In the Law & Order episode "Brother's Keeper", the detectives found that their gangster murder suspect has a respectable look-alike younger brother who could have committed the crimenote . The cops have a witness, but the gangster's lawyer forces the cops to include both brothers in the line-up. As it turns out, the witness is a nurse and could easily tell the brothers apart because the gangster is a heavy drinker with all the body wear from the habit.
  • In Sliders, Professor Arturo meets his alternate-universe-evil-self, and with the gang about to depart forever to the next Alternate Earth, the two engage in fisticuffs and one Arturo dives through the extra-dimensional portal, which then closes, stranding the other. We're never, ever told if the team got the real Arturo or the alternate one, but he dies anyway so it probably didn't matter.
    • It's hinted a few times in the following two episodes that they took the imposter instead (Arturo was an established football fan in previous episodes but here he wasn't) until the subplot was dropped. A later interview confirmed that they were supposed to have taken the imposter which would have been followed up had the show not gone off in the direction that it did. It was never said if it was only intended to be or if the Arturo that died was the imposter and the real one still lived.
  • The trope-heavy Saturday Night Live Digital Shorts directed by The Lonely Island did a short, Doppelganger, whose punchline was a masterful context-free segue into the standard "Spot the Impostor" scenario.
  • In an episode of Tokusou Sentai Dekaranger (and replicated almost scene-for-scene in Power Rangers S.P.D.), Hoji is bodyswapped with an alien criminal. To make matters worse, the criminal then breaks the translator collar around the neck of his alien body, ridding Hoji of his ability to speak Japanese (because language is biological, after all). The real Rangers figure out who the imposter is by noticing if this Hoji acts OOC (for instance, calling Ban his 'partner').
    • The typical way to expose an imposter in Sentai shows is for the leader to have the team assume their standard Super Sentai Pose. The impostee will fall in line with the team while the imposter is lost.
    • In Kaizoku Sentai Gokaiger, a Monster of the Week has the power to assume the form of anyone with whom it touches foreheads, and during a battle it manages to imitate Gokai Silver. Gokai Yellow suggests that the team transform into the Megarangers; the real Silver changes, while the impostor stands there looking dumbfounded.
    • In GoGo Sentai Boukenger, one of the Precious artifacts impersonates Souta. When Natsuki puts herself between Masumi and the two Soutas, worried that Masumi would shoot the wrong one by mistake, Masumi targets her, correctly judging that the real Souta would push her out of harm's way.
  • This was the entire premise of Kamen Rider Blade's Hyper Battle Video, "Blade Versus Blade", in which one of the Trials becomes an evil copy of Kazuma (and by extension, an evil copy of Blade). Played for laughs all the way, his comrades' attempts at identifying the real Kazuma result in him getting shot in the ass and smacked on the head, despite the fact that the copy is wearing an extremely obvious red scarf. When resident Anti-Hero Hajime comes along, he easily identifies the real one by calling out Kazuma's name; the superhuman reflexes of the Trial cause it to react first, but as Kazuma later complains, "That kind of makes me look slow, doesn't it?"
  • This happens a lot in Kamen Rider Kabuto thanks to the fact that the main villain faction are shapeshifters who can copy a host's memories as well as their appearance. The most notable example comes when they imitate one of the main Kamen Riders so well that even the sentient Transformation Trinket is confused. His Mysterious Waif sidekick, however, knows exactly which one is the fake. The fake is right-handed, while the original is left-handed. This is never pointed out in the show, making it more of a bonus for eagle-eyed viewers.
  • Outright trope mockery: All That featured a Superdude sketch in which the villain was a Superdude impostor (played by then-11-year-old Amanda Bynes) who no-one could distinguish from the true hero (though he was played by Kenan Thompson). The real deal is finally determined by throwing milk on both, since Superdude is lactose-intolerant. This works too well... Superdude is crippled, allowing the fake to continue robbing the bank until bystanders dry the milk off of the hero.
  • Interestingly, The Famous Jett Jackson had one in The Movie finale where Jett (the actor) met Silverstone (the character he plays) for real as well as an evil shapeshifter, resulting in the shapeshifter changing to match the two already-identical good guys and complicating the crap out of the bit. To explain, Jett has to guess which one is Silverstone while Silverstone is guessing which one is Jett and anyone who walks in the room is guessing which one is Jett, which one is Silverstone, and which one isn't.
  • In Xena: Warrior Princess, Gabrielle is thought to be dead for a couple episodes, and when Xena thinks she's found her again, it turns out to be Gabby's identical (and evil) daughter Hope. Something of a subversion, as the actress was specifically instructed to play the role exactly as if she really was Gabrielle, as they thought that Hope should have been able to imitate her perfectly.
  • Alias had a technology, Project Helix, based around turning people into physical doubles of another. This technology was used no less than four or five times in the course of the show; most notably in the case of Allison Doren, who killed and replaced Sydney Bristow's best friend, Francie. Immediately upon getting a message warning her of the switch, Sydney casually offers her ice cream to "Francie" and goes off to find a weapon. Too late does Allison realize her mistake ("Francie doesn't like coffee ice cream."). Cue Cat Fight.
  • Andromeda
    • The episode "Double or Nothingness" ends with a final test by fanatic gamblers where Dylan fights Dylan. But before they fight, real Dylan tries to seduce Romie and gets close to her. When the two Dylans separate, without saying anything Romie shoots the fake one, then says "I read your biosigns" while the real Dylan stammers to explain why he acted so weird.
    • Also used to a lesser extent in the episode "The Warmth of an Invisible Light", where Dylan, in an alternate reality where he's long dead, confronts Andromeda's AI. The AI tries to strangle his computer self (how that's even possible is questionable) since it assumes the only logical explanation is that he is a program made to look and act like Dylan, but while he's choking, he lists off information that only him and Andromeda would know.
  • Referenced in an episode of Monk, where Randy asks "Which is the real one?" after barging in on a pair of twin sisters, one of whom committed murder. They decide to arrest the one who wasn't being drowned.
  • McMillan & Wife has a double of Mac who appeared in two episodes. Enright is able to distinguish the two by the use of the phrase "peach cobbler" (his favorite dessert), although for some reason this keeps working even after the double has heard it.
  • In The X-Files two-part episode "Dreamland," Mulder and a Man In Black called Morris Fletcher have had their bodies switched. Mulder tries unsuccessfully to convince Scully of this by bringing up her full name, her badge number..."I have no idea what your badge number is!" and her recent taste in yoghurt. When Agent Scully is still skeptical he remarks dryly that at least she hasn't changed. Eventually Scully is convinced by the way "her" Mulder is a) repeatedly calling her Dana, b) sucking up to the Assistant Director, c) and coming on to her.
  • The Goodies had an episode called "The Baddies", where robot doubles of the lads were made. Tim eventually yells that they should try and unscrew the doubles' heads, to which the inventor of the doubles panicked, revealing them. (However, Rule of Funny set in during the following chase scene, where the boys routinely confused the fakes for the real ones, thus ambushing the wrong people, etc.)
  • Fringe season 2 ends with the team returning from the Alternate Universe, with Olivia's Evil Twin having switched places with her. This is known to the audience but not the other characters. In Season 3, the alternate Olivia has noticeably different mannerisms; she's not as cold, and seems more feminine. It's not immediately apparent whether this is merely a reminder to the audience or is noticeable to the characters. When it becomes evident, she explains it away by saying her experiences in the alternate universe changed her. She gets away with it to the extent of getting intimately involved with Olivia's Fringe-team partner, and is not caught until the real Olivia shows up. (at which point a Bluff the Impostor game ensues).
    • In "Entrada", Fauxlivia takes a woman hostage right as the team closes in. A young girl runs up screaming that the hostage is her mother. Something (possibly the hostage not reacting to her daughter) tips Peter off, and demands the hostage tell him her daughter's name. When she doesn't reply, he shoots her revealing that she was a shapeshifter.
    • On the other side, some Applied Phlebotinum allows the original Olivia to remain completely undetected by those in the Alternate Universe who don't already know, despite some revealing mistakes.
  • Cleopatra 2525 has both the original and the imposter believing they are the true version.
  • Power Rangers has used this one a few times.
    • The Primator (who had impersonation as his power) gave himself away while pretending to be Tommy by saying the rangers should give up (Tommy is a Determinator who on several occasions in the series, both before and after this moment, was willing to fight even without his powers, so giving up is so out-of-character for him it had to be the Primator). Also, while Primator disguised as Trini, Jason challenged both Yellow Rangers to fight him, saying he can easily recognize her fighting style. However, Trini proved her identity by refusing to fight, lest she harm a fellow Ranger, while the Primator leaped towards Jason to attack him with way too much enthusiasm for just testing Trini's identity.
    • In "Master Vile and the Metallic Armor," Tommy journeys into the Caves of Deception to retrieve the Zeo Crystal. Among the illusions he encounters are of the team and then just Catherine. They're brief, but pretty dead-on. Tommy sees through the illusions because of their willingness to surrender and professed belief that evil cannot be defeated.
    • "The Green Candle" two-parter gave us Cyclops, a monster that took the forms of Megazord, Dragonzord and Dragonzord in Fighting Mode. In Part 1, when Cyclops first appears in the form of Dragonzord, the other Rangers fear that Rita managed to turn Tommy evil again. (A quick scan leads to the truth, though.)
    • In an episode of Power Rangers in Space Astronema impersonates Ashley with the help of a monster. Then, while captured, Ashley tricks the monster into making her look like Astronema. Ashley arrives just as Astronema (while morphed) is about to shoot Andros, and reveals the truth by mentioning what Andros had gotten Ashley for her birthday (a necklace from his home planet, KO-35). Then, when Astronema de-morphs, she's back to looking like herself again, and the two start cat-fighting (seriously), at which point the other rangers arrive. Andros then figures out which Astronema is Ashley by shouting the team's Invocation, "Let's Rocket!" Ashley gets the morphing pose right, while Astronema is completely lost.
    • In a second season episode, Kimberly tells the real Billy apart from a copy made from a statue, by asking them to identify Billy's science project.
  • The Dukes of Hazzard
    • The episode "Too Many Roscoes." Not a comic episode where Rosco is somehow duplicated in some weird contraption and then wreaks havoc on Hazzard County. A double DOES wreak havoc, however ... via plastic surgery and a sinister plan (along with his cronies) to rob Hazzard Bank. The set-up: The real Rosco's patrol car is run into the lake, and the sheriff is promptly kidnapped by the bad guys, which includes Woody (James Best in a dual role), the bank robber who had plastic surgery specifically to prepare for this heist. Rosco — thought to be dead, then discovered alive and stumbling down the street — fools everyone in Hazzard (especially Boss Hogg and the Duke boys) by bungling simple facts, but the tip-off that "Rosco" wasn't who he said he was (remembering in exact detail the schedule arrival of an armored car and a $1 million shipment) goes unnoticed. Eventually, Woody exposes himself to the Duke boys and takes them to the same place where the real Rosco is being held captive. But it is Rosco who deals the death blow to the caper. After the Dukes knock the robbers' car into a lake, he instructs the boys to keep an eye on them while he moves toward the shoreline to await his impersonator. Once Woody is ashore, Rosco confiscates the loot bag and flattens him with one good punch.
    • Another episode featured a visit from Boss Hogg's identical twin brother, Abraham Lincoln Hogg. Abe dresses in all black and is a good man, unlike his brother. Boss gets Abe out of the way and tries to pull a scam where he's playing both of them until the Dukes show up with Abe and the only one who can tell them apart - Roscoe's dog, Flash, who only barks at Boss Hogg.
    • Yet another episode featured Boss Hogg hiring two thugs to impersonate Bo and Luke (wearing latex masks) and rob a bank or something like that.
  • In The Outer Limits (1995) episode "Replica", when confronted by his wife and a clone, a guy is able to tell them apart because the original had a tattoo.
  • Hercules: The Legendary Journeys gave us some heroic examples in their Other World episodes. In "Stranger in a Strange World," Iolaus has to masquerade as his cowardly jester counterpart after an accidental switch. Later in "Stranger and Stranger," Hercules briefly masquerades as the Sovereign to get information from Nebula 2. To ensure his success, he actually throws a man out a window (though he had a soft landing arranged).
  • From Farscape:
    • In the Farscape episode "Exodus from Genesis," the aliens-of-the-week create voiceless duplicates of the crew. The real crew give themselves markings to try to spot imposters, but Crichton discovers that the duplicates can change their bodies to reflect such markings at will.
    • In "Beware of Dog", an alien parasite takes the form of victims that it captures, which it stores in cocoons to feed off of their memories. When Crichton and Aeryn find Rygel in one of these cocoons, Chrichton asks him how he can tell if he's the real Rygel. Rygel simply... farts. note 
  • Shining Time Station: In "Mr. Conductor's Evil Twin", when Kara has to distinguish the two doubles. Remembering the real Mr. C's whistle was out of tune, she asks both to play a note.
  • In the Without a Trace episode, "Doppelgänger II", the team was hunting a serial killer who had a (completely innocent) twin brother. At the end of the episode, Jack and Sam come across "Greg" (the good twin) in an elevator, who claimed Rick (the bad twin) had run off. Jack spots what looks like blood coming from the ceiling tiles and calls out "Hey, Mouse!" Being called "Mouse" was Rick's Berserk Button, and his reaction tells them that they're facing Rick and that the blood is probably coming from Greg (who was still alive, but barely).
  • Mystery Science Theater 3000:
    • During the episode when they riffed on The Giant Spider Invasion, a (painfully obvious) pod-person duplicate of Servo shows up on the Satellite of Love, forcing Crow and Mike to quiz them to decide which is the real one.
      Crow: Okay, what condiment did I pour into your sneakers only two weeks ago?
      Servo: Oh! Ah, uh...
      Pod Servo: Was it... ketchup.
      Crow: Yes!
      Servo: Damn, you are me! Gee, I guess I am a fraud...
    • When Mike asks what's Servo's confirmation name, Servo and his pod duplicate work together to answer the question, but the fake is finally outed when Mike asks about Servo's underwear collection.
  • In F Troop, bandit Kid Vicious has tied and gagged his good twin, Captain Parmenter, preventing him from shouting about the switch. However, as the sheriff prepares to take Parmenter away, the captain trips on the rug in a very familiar fashion. Sergeant O'Rourke has the gag removed, allowing Parmenter to prove his true identity.
  • Those Wacky Nazis have created doppelgangers of the two female members of Danger 5. Tucker starts by asking Claire some personal questions, but both know the answer. Pierre says that while memories can be duplicated, emotions cannot. So Tucker starts playing the flute until the real Claire starts crying, leading him to Boom, Headshot the imposter. This technique won't work on Ilsa as "Russians don't have emotions."
    Jackson: The cloned Ilsa will tell me whatever she thinks I want to hear to stay alive. But the real Ilsa... I don't know what she wants, and I don't think she'll ever really know. So... why shouldn't I kill you?
    Fake Ilsa: So we can spend the rest of our lives together?
    Jackson: Too easy. [Boom, Headshot]
  • An episode of Eureka has a number of characters being replaced by clones. Allison has figured out that Jack is a clone and is trying to get her kids to stay at her relatives. Unfortunately, Evil Jack is already home. Allison is trying to explain that Jack is sick. SARAH comes on and says that her CT scan of Jack reveals perfect health. A few seconds later, a Stun Gun comes out of the ceiling and knocks him out. When asked, SARAH confirms that her CT scan was accurate and matched Jack's DNA perfectly... except his cells are one day old.
  • On Hawaii Five-0 Grover and his family are being taken to safety from a vengeful mobster by Grover's old FBI buddy. He introduces them to a pair of agents on loan from the Hawaii field office. However, Grover notices that these men fail to have the tans that should come from spending time in Hawaii and that his "friend" has sold them out to the mobsters and has to escape.
  • This has become a pretty regular thing on Supernatural, due to how common shapeshifters, demons, and during season 7 Leviathans are. A cut with a silver blade and a swig of holy water (and in Season 7 and early parts of Season 8, a splash of borax) was and is a common test upon one of the boys coming Back from the Dead again. Parodied in "Taxi Driver": dring Sam and Bobby's escape from Hell, a demon takes on Sam's appearance, and Bobby struggles to figure out which is the demon and which is the real one, until he kills one of them and turns out to be right.
    Sam: You knew somehow, right?
    Bobby: Took a chance. [Sam scowls] Fifty-fifty. [Bobby shrugs]
  • Walker, Texas Ranger: The Season 5 episode "Iceman" features the Rangers hiring the eccentric Charlie Brooks (a mob associate who was placed on probation and given community service in an earlier episode) to help set a trap to capture a terrorist who hired a munitions expert that looks just like Charlie ... by having the autistic Charlie play the part of the terrorist, who is also a munitions expert. Late in the episode the real crook shows up and tries to bluff Walker by calling him "Walker." Walker immediately punches him out, saying that Charlie called him "Ranger."
  • The Vampire Diaries has this as an issue several times, with Elena and Katherine both being doppelgangers of a girl who lived a thousand years ago and hence appearing identical. Katherine, the 500-year-old vampire, has a certain coldly vicious, cynical look in her eyes that distinguishes them, and Stefan quickly susses her out the first time she tries to impersonate Elena. With practice, she gets better at it. Guessing wrong often has disastrous results.
  • Sleepy Hollow: In the Season 2 premiere, "This Is War", Abbie ends up confronted by both Ichabod and a demonic duplicate. Fortunately for her, the imposter gives itself away when it calls her by her rank, only to pronounce it the American way ("loo-tenant"), rather than the British way ("left-tenant"), like Crane always does.
  • Doctor Who:
    • Happens in "The Claws of Axos" when one of the Axons takes on the form of Bill Filer. The imposter gets in a struggle with the real Filer and the Doctor is unsure of which one to help, until the real Filer calls him "Doc".
    • In "The Zygon Invasion" a group of UNIT mooks prove spectacularly bad at this. When attacking a church they know to be a stronghold of the titular shapeshifters, the whole squad finds it to be full of their family and loved ones (who shouldn't even be in the country). Their leader's "mother" proves unable to answer basic questions about his life, but he can't bring himself to shoot her and orders his men to disarm and follow her inside the building anyway. Three guesses what happens.
  • Person of Interest. In "RAM", a whistleblower is reporting a Government Conspiracy to a man pretending to be from the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence. Suspicious, he asks what year the SSCI was founded, and leaves immediately when he doesn't get an answer.
  • The Aquabats! Super Show!: In "The Thingy!", MC Bat Commander and Eaglebones are confronted with two versions of Ricky Fitness, and have to work out which one is the shape-shifting alien Thingy. Naturally, the Commander picks the wrong one and declares him to be the real Ricky.
  • On Scandal the team is attending a White House dinner with Huck meeting a man in a dress uniform. However, Huck sees the man's medals are in the wrong order and quickly figures out he's a radical out to kill the President of his own country visiting the dinner. He's able to convince the others in time for the Secret Service to stop the killer.
  • The Prisoner (1967).
    • Subverted in "Checkmate". Number Six is able to identify the guards posing as prisoners in the Village by detecting their subconscious arrogance (e.g. by asking for help with a simple task, the guard would abruptly tell him to do it himself and walk off). Thus he's able to assemble a team of genuine prisoners and plan an escape. Unfortunately the prisoners apply the same technique to Number Six and assume that he's an Agent Provocateur trying to entrap them.
    • When Number Six poses as his own Doppelgänger in "The Schizoid Man", he's caught using the Something Only They Would Know trick.
  • "Will The Real Martian Please Stand Up?," a classic episode of The Twilight Zone (1959), features a strange spacecraft crash-landing in a lake, and mysterious tracks leading to a nearby diner, where eight people (seven, plus the driver) who've just gotten off a bus are waiting out a snowstorm. When the cops arrive, they realize that only six people got on the bus...which means that one of the patrons is an alien shapeshifter. The suspects all proceed to run this trope through the gamut: a young couple begins looking for blemishes on each other, while the officers ask questions about who won the World Series the previous year. An arrogant businessman turns out to be the alien, but he manages to elude detection by using his powers to place a phone call saying the roads are safe to travel on, which ends up killing everyone else. It's then revealed that there were two aliens in the diner—the nondescript waiter who served everyone comes from Venus, and his people will be invading shortly.


    Myths and Religion 
  • The Bible makes this Older Than Feudalism. King Solomon was famous for his wisdom, not only because he prayed for it, but because he was able to figure out which of two women was the mother of a child (a trope of its own). One woman's baby boy was dead, and both women claimed to be the mother of the living baby. He spotted the imposter when he offered to take a sword and cut the baby in half, allowing each woman to have a half of the child. The woman who protested that decision by giving up her claim on the child was judged to be the true mother. 1 Kings 3:16-28
    • Also, likely the origin of the "kill both of us" gambit, though that is a variation.

    Pro Wrestling 
  • The infamous nWo Sting angle in WCW where the nWo introduced an impostor Sting around the same time the real Sting had changed his look, meaning no one recognized him at first.
  • The infamous Dragon Door Project, whose main angle revolved around a half dozen wrestlers impersonating Ultimo Dragon or Tiger Mask, along with a Tiger Dragon.

  • During the "Pikachu!" number in Pokémon Live!, Jessie and James are hampered when multiple Pikachu appear, forcing them to pick out Ash's from a crowd.

    Video Games 
  • The Spy in Team Fortress 2 turns every game into one of these. You can't really be sure if that guy on your team is actually on your team, or if he's just waiting to stick a knife in your guts.
    • Or more likely, it turns every game into a case of "Kill 'em all, let the friendly fire system sort it out!" But servers with friendly fire enabled do play this trope straight, breaking spies in the process.
  • Spoofed in the last dungeon in Paper Mario, where a series of duplighosts (ghosts that can duplicate your partner's (and sometimes your) appearance and abilities) which "duplicate" your partner. The first two encounters are played more-or-less straight, but in the third, the three duplighosts trying to duplicate Kooper the Koopa end up looking and talking like several different characters, including Luigi, while still claiming to be Kooper. The one that impersonates Luigi even claims that you should trust him to be the real Kooper because you should trust your brother.
    • Done again in Super Paper Mario, where Mimi impersonates Merlee. You go through a dating game imitation to determine which one is the real one. The real way you tell them apart is by the fly hanging around the real Merlee - she was hiding in a toilet just before this incident.
      • It's also possible to tell by the way they speak - Merlee's rhymes and rhythm are perfect, but Mimi's are subtly inconsistent.
      • Also because Mimi's rhymes are about nasty and evil things.
  • In King's Quest VII: The Princeless Bride, near the end, the impostor king and real king fight each other as the hero stands by with a wand which can change the impostor back to his true form.
  • In Viewtiful Joe 2, right after defeating Frost Tiger, Joe finds two Sylvias, both claiming that the other is an impostor after the Rainbow Oscars. Being an Idiot Hero, Joe falls for the feminine wiles of the android impostor, even after Sylvia names the food they had on their first date.
  • At one point in Hamtaro: Ham-Ham Heartbreak, Spat first masquerades as Pashmina and coldly rips Penelope's blanket, then masquerades as Penelope and jumps all over Pashmina's scarf, causing Penelope and Pashmina to each think the other one is angry with them. Eventually, Spat settles on masquerading as Pashmina. How does this predicament get solved? The same way Solomon solved the riddle of the two mothers: Hamtaro and Bijou propose that both Pashminas tug really hard on Penelope...which hurts Penelope, so the real Pashmina is the one who lets go first to stop hurting her.
  • Tales of Symphonia: Dawn of the New World. Done hilariously when Emil comes upon two Lloyds fighting each other. Even if you never played the original, it's still pretty easy to figure out which one is the Lloyd responsible for all the atrocities in the world — he's the one spouting the cliched lines about justice and bouncing on the balls of his feet with a real-life ":D" expression.
    • This is actually easier if you've played the original Tales of Symphonia, since you'll remember that Lloyd hates cheesy cliches about justice.
  • Averted in Fire Emblem: Radiant Dawn. Pelleas, the alleged son of King Ashnard, hardly resembles Ashnard's real son at all, except for a mark on his forehead. In fact, the identity of Ashnard's real son is essentially irrelevant to the story.
  • In Metal Gear Ac!d, Teliko gets doubled by La Clown and they have a game of this with Snake. Her cover is only blown when the game begins again and the player (controlling both Snake and Teliko) gets a turn as Teliko.
  • There's also one in Metal Gear Solid Mobile, when Snake starts receiving Codec calls from a mysterious figure. This figure later claims to be Otacon. But Snake is being helped out by Otacon already, and he knows nothing about the other person — and can't even detect their Codec calls. It's later revealed the interloper is the real Otacon. The Otacon helping Snake is an AI based on Otacon's personality in the hellish VR simulation Snake has been put into.
  • In the fourth episode of Strong Bad's Cool Game for Attractive People, "Dangeresque 3: The Criminal Projective", Dangeresque is forced to choose between shooting his partner Dangeresque Too or the criminal lookalike Uzi Bazooka. Whichever you pick as the player, though, Uzi Bazooka is the one who gets shot.
  • Live A Live has the player stuck in the "Prove yourself" half of this in Cube's chapter. When faced with both Cube and a hostile robot modeled after him, Kato muses aloud that since the fake was only activated a short time ago, he couldn't have heard Kato's first idea for Cube's name (Koro or Rover, depending on your translation; either way, it's a cliche dog name). When you give the right answer, Kato yells for Darth to shoot the other one.
  • In Animal Crossing: New Leaf, on April Fool's Day, Blanca will arrive in your town, and visit a random neighbor. You have to guess who the real neighbor is; Choosing the actual neighbor instead of Blanca nets you a reward from your neighbor.
  • In Who is Mike?, the titular Mike comes face-to-face with a mysterious duplicate with the same memories and personality as him, and his girlfriend Sarah has to decide which one of them is the real Mike. There's also a story branch in which Mike has to choose between two Sarahs after the fake Mike impersonates her.
  • The final level of Fear Effect 2: Retro Helix has Hana being forced to identify which is Rain and which is Mist, with the choice determining the ending to the game. It's the one holding the disk — Rain's left handed.
  • A variant happens in Hyperdimension Neptunia Re;Birth1. Financier knows which identical copy of Blanc is the real one, but has to publicly prove it so Blanc gets her shares back. Her solution is to bring both Blancs to the town square and quiz them on her fanfiction. One copy answers the questions perfectly. The other gets defensive, avoids giving straight answers, and then starts loudly swearing at everyone present. The people instantly recognize the genuine article's short fuse, colorful vocabulary, and embarrassing hobbies.
  • In Treasure Planet: Battle at Procyon this happens in Mission 11, where the player encounters two ships claiming to be commanded by John Silver, and must work out which is the real one and shoot the imposter.

    Web Animation 

    Web Comics 

    Web Original 
  • An early episode of The Series has a Shout-Out to the Red Dwarf example above, when the crew pick the real Doctor What from his Mirror Universe Evil Counterpart by rapid-firing questions about Paris Hilton at him. Later referenced when a different Evil Counterpart's deputy tries to use it, but the real Doctor What quickly shouts out the "right" answer and thus she picks the wrong one.
  • This video from an obscure YouTube channel combine this trope with both Take That! and Overly Long Gag.
  • Whateley Universe story "Test Tube Babies": Flying Brick Lancer fights power mimic Duplikat. Shroud finds herself facing two identical Lancers. One even tells her to shoot both of them to be sure. The team has a secret comm system so Shroud knows which one is the real Lancer.
  • In 80's Dan, Mr. Crabtree wanted to shoot whoever was the fake Dolly (even though the fake looked nothing like the real Dolly, and was a guy), not because the fake Dolly was dangerous, but because Mr. Crabtree just needed to let off some of his stress.
  • CollegeHumor:
    1. If you shoot the one with the green shirt, both the remaining guy AND the girl are revealed to be aliens.
    2. If you shoot the one with the yellow shirt, you killed the alien impostor.
    3. And if you shoot neither, the woman instead suggests a threesome between herself, her husband, and the alien clone, which is then revealed to be just a nightmare that the real husband was having.
    They left out the obvious fourth option — shooting both of them.note 
  • Parodied by Nigahiga when Ryan has his Evil Twin and one of his friends at gunpoint...and can't figure out who the real Ryan is.
  • Taken to the next level by Karl on The Ricky Gervais Show, whose stupidity was such that he did not like the idea of having a clone on the basis that he wouldn't know which one he was.
  • In the SuperMarioLogan episode, "Jeffy Sneaks Out!", Mario grounds Jeffy from going to the movies with Bowser Junior for repeatedly saying the F word, so Jeffy creates a clone of him from his Play-Doh (It Makes Sense in Context) to take his place while he sneaks out. Play-Doh Jeffy causes havoc at Mario's house, and towards the end of the episode, the real Jeffy gets into a fight with Play-Doh Jeffy, and Mario gets a hold of officer Brooklyn T. Guy's gun, with intent to shoot the Jeffy impostor. Despite the two Jeffys looking nothing alike, Mario and Rosalina are unable to tell them apart. At first, Mario sings "The Bunny Do", but both Jeffys dance along to it. He then grounds both Jeffys, and the real Jeffy goes into a swearing fit, prompting Mario to shoot Play-Doh Jeffy.

    Western Animation 
  • Zig-zagged in the Danger Mouse episode "Penfold Transformed." DM has two Penfolds on his hands—a robot duplicate planted with him by evil Dr. Augustus Crumhorn and Baron Greenback's henchman Stiletto Mafioso in a Penfold suit. The real Penfold was kidnapped by Crumhorn, but he managed to escape and be reunited with DM after the robot—having been turned into a mechanoid designed to destroy our hero—is destroyed itself.
  • Happened in a third-season episode of Gargoyles. Proteus is disguised as Elisa, and Goliath asks them both if Elisa ever doubted him, even for a second. One Elisa claims that she would never doubt him... and that's the clue that proves to Goliath that the speaker is not Elisa.
  • One episode of Johnny Bravo has Johnny have to figure out which is his real mother, between her and an obviously robotic duplicate. Of course, being Johnny, he picks "the shiny one", though when the robot duplicate tries to terminate Johnny's mom, he pulls out its battery pack, stating that his real mom would never hurt another living thing, not even a robot (right after she just got in a stylized fight scene with said robot, and right before she starts smashing it with a hammer.)
  • Foster's Home for Imaginary Friends, "Bloo's Brothers": After trimming a bunch of impostors down to 2, Mac ID's his Bloo after the remaining impostor goes on and on about how much memories they've (supposedly) shared together.
    Sappy Bloo: Mac, look me in the eyes, you know it's me. Think of all the good times we had together. The bond that we share, that only best friends can. Mac, you complete me. I-I love you.
    Mac: Okay, sappy, it's definitely not you. (points at other Bloo) You're the real Bloo.
    Bloo: Yes!
  • Codename: Kids Next Door:
    • "Operation: P.R.E.S.I.D.E.N.T.": The 4th Grade President and a robot replica thereof fight on a bus on its way to the City Hall (the real pres wants to cut down on school hours). One of them gets thrown off. Nigel stops at a city dump to slag the fake with an electromagnet and car crusher, while Hoagie takes the thrown-off real president to the Hall himself... except that the actual president was turned to his side by recurring villain Father, and school hours end up being extended to 8:25pm. In short, it didn't matter who got to City Hall Father was guaranteed to win.
    • "Operation: P.O.O.L.": Numbuh Four was clueless at first about Negative Numbuh One and Eizzil who were posing as Lizzie and the true Numbuh One; but, when the other members of the DNK showed up, he could tell that Negative Numbuh Three wasn't the real deal simply by looking at her. (As he told the imposter, "It's called being a friend!" Of course, his reasons likely went gone beyond simple friendship...)
  • X-Men:
    • Subverted when Morph, a shapeshifter, attacks Wolverine, shifting into his form. Jubilee, who can fire energy blasts, enters as they're circling each other. One Wolverine tells her to shoot them both, so she shoots the other one. However, the first Wolverine is actually Morph, who flees. Jubilee says that she figured only the true Wolverine would say that, while Wolverine remarks that Morph had the same idea.
    • When Bishop comes across Mystique disguised as Gambit and Gambit himself Mystique tries to convince him that she's the real Gambit, but Bishop who hates Gambit anyway, simply plans on blasting them both without prompting, but he's stopped by Rogue. Granted there was the simple way of only the real Gambit being able to use his powers anyway, but again, Bishop didn't like him enough to try.
  • South Park did the same thing, with the real (evil) Cartman correctly guessing that the "Shoot both of us" ploy would fool the others (who wanted to keep the "impostor").
  • The Simpsons:
    • Subverted in "Treehouse of Horror XIII"; when an army of marauding Homer-clones attack, Marge stops them by leading them into a canyon. She returns to Homer, but finds out the one that survived was actually a clone; however, he starts giving her a backrub, and she decides she doesn't mind too much.
    • In a non-THOH ep., Homer becomes a local Krusty "helper" (i.e. dons the makeup and costume so as to look identical to the original for local publicity), but the original Krusty is in trouble with the Mob. Both end up cornered at gunpoint in an Abandoned Warehouse, where the villains are initially flummoxed as to which one to shoot (which partly lampshades the show's limited animation character styles as both Homer and Krusty share the exact same basic frame, as well as both being voiced by Dan Castellaneta, which Groening actually intended so as to create a dynamic where Bart hated Homer but worshiped a man who looked just like him in the original shorts, and one of the early shorts story ideas was the revelation that Homer was Krusty), until Homer blows their cover by addressing Krusty by name. This being comedy, they survive anyway. Despite the limited animation character style, it actually was quite easy to tell the two apart - Krusty has a tuft of green hair on the top of his head, Homer two single hairs combed over it.
  • Family Guy:
    • Played with during a Flashback when Peter defeated his "evil twin". Lois has to pick one to shoot, shoots one, and while she and Peter are hugging, his face flips down showing he's a robot.
    • Parodied in the episode "German Guy", where Chris befriends an elderly puppeteer, Franz Gutentag but discovers that he used to be a Nazi. When Franz finds out, he takes Chris and Peter hostage; Peter knocks the gun out of his hand, and Chris grabs it, but suddenly he's confused which one to shoot. This is despite the fact that they look nothing alike, as Peter points out. Chris asks when is his birthday; Peter doesn't know, but Franz does, so Chris ends up shooting Peter in the shoulder.
    • A straight example in the next episode "The Hand that Rocks the Wheelchair", where Stewie creates an evil (or more evil) clone of himself, and Brian ends up pointing a gun at them; he lampshades the situation saying "Oh, come on, not this thing, really?" He eventually asks them to look at their feet, and shoots the one who doesn't start to laugh, as the real Stewie told him earlier that he spent an hour laughing at his feet. Unfortunately the Ambiguous Clone Ending suggests that Brian shot the wrong Stewie; it also helps that said ending is a Shout-Out to Michael Jackson's Music video of "Thriller".
    • This is also lampshaded at the end of "Thanksgiving", in which the "real" Kevin Swanson suddenly appears and tries to warn about the imposter in the room. "Wait! That man's an imposter; I'm the real Kevin Swanson!" Peter then remarks "Guys I don't think we have time for this." right before the episode ends (Conclusion: there was No Ending).
  • Danny Phantom: Danny gets accidentally body-switched with a ghost and proves his identity by telling Sam about the time Tucker threw up in her lunchbox back in elementary school.
  • The Transformers:
    • The Decepticons built a fake Optimus Prime that was remote-controlled by Megatron. However, the fact that he was so unfamiliar with the Autobots themselves almost blew his cover right away. He called them by the wrong names (like addressing Ironhide as "Bumblebee") and acted like he barely knew them, causing them to quickly become suspicious. When the real Prime showed up, The Autobots came up with some really stupid tests (one of them was to have a race) and when they didn't work, Megatron tried to have the imposter gain their trust by creating a clone of Starscream and having the Prime clone kill it (knowing that an imposter likely wouldn't turn on the Decepticons' second-in-command. It almost worked... But Megatron proceeded to expose himself by not being particularly worried about where their human buddy Spike had disappeared off to (being a little too eager to lead the Autobots to their doom).
    • Another episode had some of the Autobots disguising themselves as the Stunticons, a group of car-based Decepticons. This in itself is already fairly impressive, since almost none of the Autobots in robot mode have physiques resembling the Decepticon they're copying. The Stunticons naturally manage to escape, leading to a situation where two teams of Stunticons have to oppose each other, culminating with both the real and fake Stunticons merging to form Menasor, with a little help from electromagnets and hologram devices in the case of the Autobots.
  • In The Pirates of Dark Water, Bloth and Konk swap bodies with Ren and Niddler, respectively, using a potion concocted by Morpho, as part of yet another of Bloth's plans to steal the Thirteen Treasures of Rule. They could be distinguished by any reflection, which would reveal who it really was... or by which one did or didn't abandon you to be eaten by piranhas.
  • Subverted in the SpongeBob SquarePants episode "Imitation Krabs", where SpongeBob can't distinguish between Mr. Krabs and Plankton's robotic replica of Krabs — despite the fact that one is clearly a robot, complete with Robospeak, though SpongeBob did get weirded out by the Robot's "Metal Pants." SpongeBob gives the two Krabs a series of questions he thinks only the real Mr. Krabs would know. The first two are generic questions that anyone who's been to the Krusty Krab can answer and Robot Krabs answers them both. The third question is one that is so complicated that even the real Krabs can't answer.
  • The Tick featured a classic episode playing up Spot the Impostor, where an evil tentacular alien makes a very bad clone of the Tick's sidekick Arthur to spy on him. When the real Arthur escapes and confronts the Tick, he becomes infuriated that the Tick can't tell which of them is real despite the fact that the clone is green in color, shuffles around like a zombie and can only say the phrase "I... Arthur" (to which the Tick replies "He's got a good argument there.").
  • In one episode of Dungeons & Dragons, Hank correctly works out that the Dungeon Master is an imposter when he gives the group a straight answer. Unfortunately he doesn't realize that the Dungeon Master who shows up after that is also an imposter.
  • Averted in an episode of Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (2003) involving a robotic Master Splinter. Hun begins to try this when the real Splinter shows up, only to be reprimanded by Shredder, who has already decided that they'll never fall for such an obvious trick.
  • In Jonny Quest: The Real Adventures, Jesse has two Jonnies at gunpoint in the "Questworld" virtual reality program. One starts reeling off the details of their last race in Questworld. The other Jonny counters that that's in the computer's memory banks, then brings up their real-life race immediately thereafter, which reveals him to be the real Jonny. The double attacks him, and gets zapped in about half a second by Jesse.
  • DTZ, from the Chip 'n Dale Rescue Rangers episode "Dale Beside Himself", wasn't really evil, he just didn't want to go home, so he took Dale's place and sent him off to Fleeblebrox. Dale manages to come back, but the Fleeblebroxians aren't leaving Earth without him. With the threat of planetary atomization hanging over his head, Dale gets the idea to retrieve a platter of erkburgles (single-eyed squid-blob things with green skin and red scleras)... DTZ's favorite food. Unable to resist, DTZ starts scarfing and is subsequently caught.
  • The eponymous clown in the Garfield and Friends episode "Binky Goes Bad!" is jailed and brought to trial for the crimes of a man who hated him, and who decided to dress and make himself up like him in order to commit crimes and have Binky take the fall. Stinky is eventually revealed as being the fake when Garfield gets the judge to say "Order in the court," and Binky quips "I'll have a ham on rye. Hold the mayo!". Stinky, not saying anything is exposed as a fraud, is sent off in the paddy wagon. Garfield notes the real Binky could never resist a very old joke.. Incidentally, Garfield is dismayed that he's in an evil twin episode.
  • This happens fairly frequently in Code Lyoko with the Polymorphic Clones.
    • The first occurrence is with XANA himself impersonating Jérémie in "Ghost Channel". (Basically, it is a case of Evil Cannot Comprehend Good; XANA insists that Jérémie is too afraid to ever come to Lyoko, but the others know that he will if their lives are in danger. XANA's ignorance of how Jérémie would react led the others to realize it is him.)
    • In "XANA's Kiss", when confronted with two Jérémies, Aelita can guess which one is genuine because the Clone had kissed her without permission, which the true Jérémie would not have dared to do. (Maybe XANA can comprehend good, just not very well...) Later in the same episode, Odd recognizes the real Yumi from the Clone impersonating her when the Clone doesn't insult him while the real Yumi calls him a pea-brain. (He knows it was her. Odd may be insulted a lot, but he knows that XANA would never call him a "pea-brain".)
    • Subverted in "Opening Act", when Jim Moralès can't tell apart his nephew from the Clone, and ends up dumbly attacking the real Chris.
    • Both time that X.A.N.A. pretends to be Franz Hopper, he gets caught by two different people. In "Franz Hopper", it's Jérémie realizing about lines on Franz's ruined dairy. (The real Franz would not have known that.) In "Distant Memory", it's Aelita who realizes what's going on when X.A.N.A. calls "Skidbladnir" a funny name and no virtual take for Aelita's mom.
    • Subverted in "Image Problem". The team is suspicious of Yumi's imposter, but no-one truly catch on until she actually becomes hostile. (Of course, it is the first time XANA has tried something like this.)
  • Darkwing Duck:
    • They use the split personality variant for the episode "Negaduck". When Gosalyn and Launchpad decide to set free the good Darkwing to help them retrieve the Applied Phlebotinum that caused the split, in order to undo it, they mistakenly release the evil Darkwing, and he pretends to be the good one briefly, until he can effect his getaway.
    • In subsequent episodes, the unsplit genuine Darkwing has an actual Evil Twin who goes by Negaduck, and on multiple occasions one of them has disguised himself as the other, resulting in Spot the Imposter scenes for the allies of whichever one they're disguised as. One memorable moment has Darkwing and Negaduck dressed identically (except Negaduck wears a black mask) and acting so much like each other that they mirror each other's words and body motions perfectly. Then Darkwing breaks the impasse by declaring that a cute defenseless bunny rabbit is nearby, whereupon Negaduck (who was hatched from a Villain Ball) compulsively tries to kill the bunny with a shotgun. Before that, however, we get this memorable solution:
      Dr. Bellum: [completely nonchalant] Well, we'll just have to kill them both. [arms bazooka]
    • Funnily enough, Darkwing tries the same ploy to infiltrate the Fearsome Five's HQ., using a Negaduck costume (minus his purple mask, again for audience benefit). He gets all the way up to the five — WHO HAVE JUST RESOLVED TO KILL NEGADUCK FOR SCREWING THEM OUT OF THEIR SHARE OF THE CITY'S LOOT.
      Darkwing Duck: Hey! What's the deal? IS THIS ANY WAY TO TREAT YOUR LEADER!?!? (So much for the 'perfect disguise!)
    • When Negaduck returns, it leads to one of the best Never Say "Die" aversions ever seen.
      Bushroot: Kill Negaduck! Kill Negaduck!
      Negaduck: [still reeling from Darkwing's anvil attack] Kill who?!
      Darkwing: No, wait, I'm DARKWING Duck; HE'S Negaduck! KILL HIM!!
      Negaduck: You thought he was me? You were going to kill... ME?!?!?
      Bushroot: No, no, no! We knew it was Darkwing! We were just testing, see?
      Quackerjack: Wait, didn't we already kill Darkwing Duck?
      Bushroot: Gah! THE GHOST OF DARKWING DUCK!!
      Liquidator: He's baaack!
      Negaduck: [beyond pissed] JUST... GET HIM NOW!!!!!!!
  • An episode of Duck Dodgers features an escaped criminal named Drake Darkstar who looks almost exactly like Dodgers. Dodgers tries to prove his identity to the police by appealing to the Cadet by listing things only he would know, but every single thing he lists is a mean prank he played on the Cadet. The Cadet ends up declaring Dodgers to be the criminal, reasoning that Darkstar would be nicer to him than Dodgers ever was.
  • Subverted in Stroker and Hoop when Hoop and his evil-identical-cousin are holding a gun on each other, with Stroker nearby. Stroker shoots one of the Hoops in the knee, causing the other one to exclaim "Good job, Stroker" before Stroker kneecaps him too. "Now we can figure out who's who at our leisure!" This being Stroker and Hoop, they still get it wrong (at least until they spot the evil one pursing his hands with an evil grin as they prepare to drive off)
    C.A.R.: We'd better double back and make sure.
  • In an episode of Where on Earth Is Carmen Sandiego?, Carmen's henchman Sarah Bellum attempts to take over Carmen's organization, and a big part of this is disguising herself as Carmen. After she captures Zack and Ivy along with the real Carmen, Ivy quickly figures out how to tell the two apart: Sarah is left-handed (because the controls on the vehicle she uses are on the left side) but the real Carmen is not (she tosses her a tool from her cell - with her right hand - that they use to escape). After they are separated from Carmen briefly and later have to decide who is who, Ivy simply throws it to one of them, and the fact that she catches it with her left hand is enough proof that it's Sarah. (As for why they decide to nab her and not Carmen, well, since Carmen helped them escape, they owed her one.)
  • Kim Possible: When confronted with a shape-shifted Camille Leon, Kim can quickly identify the real Ron, but when it is Ron's turn in another episode, he picks the wrong one, to Kim's annoyance. Kim had to rely on Camille being unable to duplicate Ron's ever-present pet, despite the fact that Camille stood in a pose that was obviously nothing like Ron's and utterly lacked Ron's Cloudcuckoolander personality. In the episode where Ron had to pick, Camille apparently worked on those flaws in her disguises, and Ron, having been trapped in a crate the entire episode, had stumbled onto the scene only moments earlier, and had absolutely no idea what was even going on. Even Monique, who had been touted as the one who got it right, wasn't actually able to distinguish between the two; she simply identified the disguised Camille's outfit as an expensive one more likely to be worn by spoiled heiress Camille than by the more practical Kim. note 
  • Jackie Chan Adventures: In an episode involving a group of Evil Knockoffs cloned off the Five-Man Band, Jackie's clone is found but the rest of the group needs to know which Jackie is the real one. Jade asks both Jackies if they can take her to an amusement park, the first says yes while the second says no and tells her to do her homework. Jade knows better and the first Jackie is exposed as the clone. In the same episode, Paco keeps calling Jade by pronouncing her name correctly, while in all the other episodes he pronounces it "Yade." She catches on to this as well and it is exposed that he too is a clone. Before Jade asked about the amusement park, Capt. Black made an attempt by asking about his birthday. Neither Jackie knew the day.
    Captain Black: Geez, Jackie, I thought we were pretty good friends.
  • Wild Kratts: A Zachbot disguises itself as Chris in order to convince Martin that everything's okay, as opposed to, say, locked in a cell and glaring at his impostor from off-screen. Martin gets it in the end though. Oddly, while Martin misses the fact that "Chris" is wearing red instead of his signature green, he does notice and react to "Chris" saying "Toodles" to close their conversation.
  • In Transformers Animated, in order to determine who is the real Bumblebee after Wasp switched their paint jobs, helmets, and voices synthesizers, Bulkhead has them play a video game that Bumblebee is the undisputed master of. Wasp takes Bumblebee hostage before his cover gets blown.
    • Now, before that point, the real Bumblebee mentioned covering for Bulkhead back in boot camp (something no one else knew), but Wasp, who had looked up on the Autobots' files while the rest of them had gone, rendered that unable to work when they all got back to their base. At the same time, however, Wasp had proved himself completely pathetic at the aforementioned video game, hence why he cracked.
  • Futurama:
    • The "Lesser of Two Evils" episode completely revolves around this trope, reaching the obvious climax when Bender and Flexo get into a Mirror Match. Leela has a laser gun but can't tell which to shoot, to which Fry unhelpfully remarks: "Flexo! Shoot Flexo!"
    • Subverted in yet another Mirror Match in "Rebirth", with Leela and her robot double fighting over Fry:
      Leela: Shoot her! She's the robot!
      Robot Leela: No! Shoot her! She's the human!
      Fry: B-But how will I know who's the human and who's the robot?
      Leela: We just told you!
      Robot Leela: Yeah, you idiot!
  • Robot Chicken:
    • Used to hilarious effect in a He-Man sketch. Skeletor commissions Beast Man to create a magical clone of He-Man. The result is the blue-skinned, incredibly stupid clone Faker. Undaunted, Skeletor sets Faker upon his enemies. Its odd appearance, mannerisms, and speech go unnoticed by all except Prince Adam himself; in fact, this laid back clone is far more popular and quickly becomes the life of the party, much to Skeletor's annoyance. When Adam returns as the real He-Man, Faker has either killed or captured most of his enemies. He-Man's outrage at the act, as well as the general hedonism Faker has inspired, leads the crowd to dub him a wet blanket and vote him as the imposter (even though Faker voted for him as the genuine article). He-Man is then executed, and it is only after Faker expresses no knowledge of being Prince Adam does someone finally catch on.
    • Subverted at the end of the "Michael Jackson vs. Michael Jackson" sketch.
      Alien 1: How were we going to take over the world with a white Michael Jackson anyway?
      Alien 2: Damn it! Damn it! Damn it!
  • Used in Action League Now on Nickelodeon. The villain has created a "perfect duplicate" of the heroic (if moronic) Flesh (who looks just like him except for the various bolts sticking out of every part of his body and his mechanically modulated voice). When the two Fleshes square off, the rest of the Action League try to determine which is the real one by asking for the League password. Both incorrectly guess "devilled egg". Finally Stinky Diver gets the idea to yell "Hey, stupid!", knowing only the real Flesh would respond.
  • Inverted in Chaotic (the cartoon based on the card game), when season Big Bad Aa'une goes One-Winged Angel, leaving Maxxor, Chaor, and Iparu hopelessly outclassed — until Iparu uses his copycat-shapeshifting power to mimic Aa'une's transformation and level the playing field! Chaor solves the inevitable who's-who dilemma by drawing attention to himself just before jumping off a cliff; Iparu instinctively saves him, and the good guys triple-team the real Aa'une.
  • In an episode of the Animated Adaptation of Richie Rich, an imposter impersonates Dollar, the dog. In an attempt to determine who is who, they present both dogs with a bowl of dog food. The imposter forces himself to eat it, and is promptly exposed. What he didn't realize was that the real Dollar is much too spoiled to eat common dog food.
  • Inspector Gadget once had to deal with this problem when Dr. Claw hired a Master of Disguise to impersonate him and spy at an important police conference. Gadget eventually confronts his evil lookalike, and no-one can figure out who's real and who's fake. Eventually, the real Gadget stands next to Chief Quimby, and his Gadget mallet activates on its own and bonks Quimby on the head. The dazed Chief immediately orders the police to arrest the other guy, since the one standing next to him is obviously the real Gadget.
  • Johnny Test has this when Johnny and Dukey encounter their cyborg clones. After disposing of his clone with a "Fetch the Grenade" trick, Dukey takes the Clone's weapon and confronts the Johnnys. The cyborg immediately does a Doppelgänger Spin so they can't tell which one's real and which one's the cyborg. Dukey eventually manages to get the cyborg to give himself away by asking a math question, and blasting the one who answers immediately, knowing that Johnny always does math by counting on his fingers.
  • One episode of Goof Troop has Goofy and a counterfeiter who looks just like him. Max identifies his father by leaving an open bucket of wallpaper glue in front of the two of them and asking his real dad to step forward. Both of them step forward, but only the real Goofy steps in the glue.
  • In the Fish Police episode "The Two Gils", Gil's nemesis Calamari hires a guy named Bill who looks just like Gil, training him to act like him so that the real Gil will be blamed for whatever crimes he commits. Eventually the two meet face to face and get into a fight. No one can tell the difference, so they try a series of tests; nothing works. Finally Gil gets the idea of showing his badge. The fake reveals he has nothing on it, (the real Gil's contains a living starfish named Sandy), and the fake is arrested.
  • In the Mister T animated series, kid sidekick Spike and his older sister are led to believe that their eldest sister, who Spike idolized, has turned up alive, years after she disappeared in an accident. The well-planned scam is undone by Spike, when, seeing the fake of his dead sister on-screen, hears her call him Spike and ask for his help—except that Spike was a nickname he only picked up after she was gone.
  • Subverted in G.I. Joe: Renegades when Zartan impersonates Duke. The Joes catch up and find the real Duke fighting the impostor, resorting to the usual Something Only They Would Say ploy by asking them a question about a conversation from the beginning of the episode. Duke doesn't remember it and they both say "no idea." Snake Eyes, who can hear the difference in their heartbeats, kicks Zartan in the face before it can escalate.
  • In Ozzy and Drix, Drix thinks up a rather unique way to do this when Ozzy is fighting his Evil Clone - he takes out his cellphone and dials the number for Ozzy's phone. The real Ozzy picks up the phone - Drix knew only the real one had it - and says, "Uh, I really can't talk right now!" And Drix replies, "That's okay, neither can I!" and then shoots the imposter.
  • One episode of Dog City has Bugsy Vile impersonating Barney Expy Bernie, the Big Pink Saint Bernard. At the end, the real Bernie appears and challenges his double to a sing-off of his Show Within a Show's theme song ('X is Good, X is Nice, X goes with everything, even with Rice', where X is something related to the theme of the episode). Halfway through verse three, Bugsy unmasks himself and begs the police to take him away.
  • On Regular Show a shapeshifting otter tries to take Rigby's place and the others can't tell them apart. Mordecai points at one of the Rigbys as the real one and asks for a hug. He does... which is how Mordecai knows he's the imposter, because the real Rigby hates to hug.
  • American Dad! did this when Francine realizes that Stan assigned Bill (his double) to keep herself company while he dates the prom queen. She gets furious and pulls out Stan's gun, but can't tell them apart. One of them steps up apologizing and loves her, but Francine assumes the other Stan is the real one and shoots him thinking that Stan will never say something like this. It turns out the apologizing Stan was the real one and Bill was the one shot.
  • Spider-Man: The Animated Series:
    • This happens in almost every episode that The Chameleon is in. When he tries it during a fight with Daredevil, Spidey had the requisite "I don't know which one to hit" moment — only for the genuine article to simply outfight Chameleon.
    • Then there is the time that Spider-Carnage kidnaps and replaced our Peter (who is himself pretending to be this reality's — long story — Peter). Gwen Stacy sees through them both, recognizes that our Peter is still the heroic one, and frees him.
      Peter: How did you know that the other Spider-Man wasn't me?
      Gwen Stacy: The one downstairs? He's as nutty as a fruitcake. A girlfriend notices these things.
  • Played with in the The Spectacular Spider-Man episode "Persona". The Chameleon dresses up as Spidey, framing him for various crimes. However, when Captain George Stacy sees the imposter in person, he notes that he's too tall to be the real thing. When the real webslinger shows up, he easily proves he's the real deal (despite his new costume) by overpowering Chameleon with his spider strength and agility.
  • Transformers Prime:
    • Bumblebee was able to figure out Nemesis Prime wasn't the real Optimus because Nemesis (and by extension MECH) couldn't understand Bumblebee's form of speech.
    • Another episode, introducing Wheeljack, has Bulkhead show misgivings about being with his fellow Wrecker. The Wheeljack that shows up is a shape-shifting body-copying Decepticon named Makeshift. Bulkhead forces 'Wheeljack' to tell a story about a battle, which Makeshift initially gets right... but he flubs one critically important detail, revealing the decepti(c)on.
  • My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic:
    • Averted in the season 2 finale when Twilight Sparkle and the real Cadance crash the wedding that has Queen Chrysalis posing as Cadance. The villain gives up the pretense, concluding that since Twilight Sparkle's previous voiced suspicions about the bride now have the real Cadance's support, everyone else will instantly put one and one together and realize who is imposter is.
    • Played straight in the episode "Too Many Pinkie Pies". Pinkie used a mirror pond clone herself, but too many clones are made and Twilight needs to know which Pinkie is real or she might get rid of her by accident. So Twilight forces all the Pinkies to watch paint dry and sends anyone who gets distracted or stops looking back to the mirror pond that they came from, because the real Pinkie would do anything for her friends.
  • The Life and Times of Juniper Lee: Ray Ray has to identify the real Juniper. One failed attempt consists on asking both Junes to tell her middle name. Both knew it is "Kim". Ray Ray eventually manages to tell who the real is the same way Jade did with Jackie in an above example. To her dismay, he is helped by a zit she tried to rid herself of earlier.
  • Justice League:
    • In the multi-part episode "Secret Society", it was pretty easy for Batman to tell that the guy claiming to be Flash was actually Clayface in disguise. As Batman put it, the villain "overplayed your part". On another note, in the same multi-part episode, the villains were downright terrible at this. They didn't realize that J'onn J'onzz had disguised himself as Clayface until it was too late. Clearly, Grodd is a sorry excuse for a villainous mastermind.
    • In a later episode, Flash and Lex Luthor have switched bodies. After Doctor Fate switches them back, Green Lantern suggests testing to see if Flash is back in his old body. Flash responds by starting to reveal John's Embarrassing Nickname before he gets cut off. As for the villains, they apparently thought that Luthor was just a bit addled after his attempt to mind-probe Grodd. Grodd knew the truth, but kept mum — he hated both Flash and Luthor, and decided to watch his enemies' predicament unfold.
  • When Olive Oyl invites Popeye to eat hamburgers at her place, Wimpy disguises himself as Popeye and manages to fool Olive. Popeye then eats his spinach and defeated Wimpy. It's unclear if Popeye ever tells Olive it was Wimpy or that he actually fooled her.
  • The cartoon version of Punky Brewster had the episode "Double Your Punky." While Punky is at a school picnic, Glomer creates a clone of her from a photograph to keep him company. But this clone is obnoxious and she escapes. In his confusion, Glomer zaps the sweet Punky back into the photo and tosses it away. He retrieves it and brings her back but during a scuffle with the clone, nobody can tell who the real Punky is—nobody except her dog Brandon, who recognized her scent.
  • The Beatles cartoon episode "No Reply" dealt with a jewel thief who has disguised himself as Paul McCartney. What tips him off is that when the boys are confronted by screaming female fans, the thief doesn't run.
  • The Powerpuff Girls:
    • The Too Dumb to Live citizens of Townsville take three hardened criminals poorly disguised as the actual heroines in "Powerpuff Bluff." The real Powerpuffs get locked in jail.
      Ms. Bellum: Uh, sir, this might just be me, but don't you think the girls were acting a little strange?
      Mayor: How so?
      Ms. Bellum: Well — robbing the bank, the jewelry store, your house? Beating the living daylights out of you? Need I go on?
      Mayor: Yes, I'm not following.
      Ms. Bellum: The deep voices, the facial hair, the height! Not to mention the manly odor!
      Mayor: And? And?
      Ms. Bellum: Those were men dressed up as the Powerpuff Girls! Understand?
      Mayor: Yes! There's only one thing to do! [walks to the phone] Hello, Chief of Police? Arrest the Powerpuff Girls!
    Even worse, later when the girls and imposters confront each other even THEY can't tell the difference between the reals and fakes, resulting in them each hitting their own side.
    • "Him Diddle Riddle" poses a problem entailing two Miss Keanes, each bound and suspended over a tank of sharks. Him explains the real Miss Keane will tell the truth while the fake one will not and they can only ask one question. By asking them who they think the real Miss Keane is, Blossom figures it out. Though it also made for a pretty noticeable continuity error among fans of the series, as in spite of her reasoning being correct she still picked the wrong one..
  • Teamo Supremo:
    • In an episode, there's a villain named Madame Snake who's a master of disguise. Near the end of the episode, Madame Snake has disguised herself as Mrs. Woolingantz, our heroes' teacher, so the team has to figure out which one is the real teacher and which one is Madame Snake. Interestingly, while Mrs. Woolingantz is nice, Madame Snake is eventually caught when she tries to act too nice: Madame Snake promises not to give the team any more homework for the rest of the year. The team finds this tempting, but it proves she's the fake: the real Mrs. Woolingantz may not give a lot of homework, but she gets "really upset if you don't do it", so the real deal would never have made that kind of offer.
    • Madame Snake had actually been impersonating Mrs. Woolingantz the whole episode; she had replaced her so she could give the trio so much homework that they couldn't do any crimefighting. They eventually got a pardon from the governor for the evening which incidentally was the way they managed this trope: they brought up the pardon and Madame Snake responded as mentioned above while the real Mrs. Woolingantz was furious at the governor's giving her students the pardon.
  • Back at the Barnyard:
    • In "Doppelganger", at the vet's office, stray dog Baxter switches places with Duke and even spray-paints himself to look like him. The animals take him home instead of Duke. When the real Duke returns, none of the animals are able to tell them apart (even though they look nothing like each other, not to mention Baxter always gets everyone's names wrong), except for Otis, who knows that Pig's pet skunk, Skunky, absolutely loathes the real Duke.
    • In "A Tale of Two Snottys", Eugene (A.K.A. Snotty Boy) gets amnesia and the animals send Pig dressed in his clothes to the Beadys' house until they can restore Eugene's memory. When Eugene does get his memory back, Mrs. Beady is unable to tell them apart, even though they not only look nothing like each other, but are also dressed in different clothes, and have different personalities. However, the third difference is exposed when Pig saves Mr. Beady from a fallen ship in a bottle, as Mrs. Beady knows the real Eugene wouldn't risk his life to save her husband's.
  • In an episode of The Fairly OddParents!, Benedict Arnold disguised as George Washington nearly tricks John Hancock into signing a document called "The Declaration of Surrenderpendence". Timmy and the Founding Fathers show up, and the real George Washington stops Hancock before he can sign the document. When everyone is unable to tell Washington and Arnold apart, Timmy brings in a wooden coat rack and the real Washington chops it to pieces.
  • In the Tuff Puppy episode, "Bark to the Future", The Chameleon disguises himself as Dudley from the future. When he and the real Dudley get into a scuffle, The Chief orders Kitty to shoot the impostor. Kitty asks the two how Dudley spells his name and The Chameleon disguised as Dudley spells it correctly. Kitty shoots The Chameleon, because she knows the real Dudley can't spell his own name.
  • In the Static Shock episode "Toys in the Hood" (a cross-over with Superman), the Toyman creates a synthetic copy of Static's girlfriend Daisy, forcing Superman and Static to figure out which is which. The copy is such a perfect match that even with his x-ray vision Superman cannot tell the real Daisy from the fake one. Static solves the problem by making the electric aura that all humans have visible; the Daisy without an aura is the fake one.
  • In the Timon & Pumbaa episode, "I Don't Bolivia", Timon lets Toucan Dan out of a cage to help him break open a snail shell. Towards the end of the episode, in order to avoid being put back in the cage, Toucan Dan appears in an unconvincing Timon disguise. Even though Timon and the disguised Toucan Dan look nothing like each other, Pumbaa is unable to tell them apart, so he uses a test, in which only the real Toucan Dan can break open a snail shell.
  • Defied in Rick and Morty, when the main characters are being chased by alternate universe versions of Rick. After chasing them into a restaurant, the Alternate Ricks ask the patrons to help them and draw red X's on their foreheads to prevent this situation from happening.
  • In the Gravity Falls episode "Into the Bunker," Dipper, Mabel, Wendy and Soos encounter a shapeshifting monster. It later takes the form of Wendy. Dipper figures out who the real Wendy is because the real Wendy zips her mouth, which is what she did before she entered the bunker to show Dipper to swear herself to secrecy about the bunker.
  • When Mark was cloned on Ugly Americans, Frank was forced to choose who the real one was. They two Marks were actually visually distinct, but Frank had been blinded in a fight with the Evil Twin earlier. Frank shoots them both in the leg, and calls for help from someone who can actually tell them apart.
  • A variation in The Flintstones episode "Rip Van Flintstone"; an elderly Fred wakes up from a 20-year nap and goes to Barney, who had since become a multimillionaire, but since several other people have come up to him claiming to be the long-lost Fred Flintstone, Barney manages to prove that Fred's the real deal by having him call for Dino, which causes the dinosaur to pounce his master and lick his face like always.
  • Parodied in the Dexter's Laboratory story "Beard to be Feared", when the villains briefly mistake Dexter for Action Hank thanks to his newly acquired beard, and are confused when the real Hank shows up:
    Villain 1: Two Action Hanks?!
    Villain 2: But which one's the real one?
    Villain 1: Who cares?! Get them!
  • In the Hero: 108 episode "Leech King", the titular character takes shape of Lin Chung and fights the real one, prompting Commander ApeTruly and the rest of First Squad to become confused as to which one is the real one (complete with ApeTruly asking "Lin Chung, is that you?" and both of them saying "Yes."). When Mighty Ray exclaims that he can't tell which is which, the real Lin Chung quickly settles the difference by telling him to blast both of them.
    Mighty Ray: Only the real Lin Chung would take an eyeball lightning blast for the team.
  • Kaeloo: In the episode "Let's Play Happy Rotter", Mr. Cat uses a magic spell to make himself look just like Quack Quack. Bad Kaeloo doesn't know who to beat up. She then remembers that by mentioning a certain detail from a book series, she can send the real Quack Quack into Troubled Fetal Position and identify the impostor.
  • He-Man and the Masters of the Universe (1983):
    • In "She-Demon of Phantos", Skeletor tricks Queen Elmora by casting illusions so He-Man looks exactly like him, making her unable to tell them apart. He-Man solves it by asking Elmora to use her magic to tie both of them up with Photanium chains. He-Man can break through them, while Skeletor can't.
    • In "Double Trouble", the Mirror of Moravad creates doubles of people with opposite moralities. It eventually creates a heroic Skeletor who helps the heroes. When the double and real Skeletor fight, the heroes can't tell them apart, until He-Man asks both of them to say, "He-Man is my friend." The double says it without hesitation, while the real Skeletor angrily refuses.

    Real Life 
  • Boston landmark Faneuil Hall has an unusually shaped weathervane (a grasshopper), which was sometimes used as a Spot the Impostor test during the American Revolutionary War.
  • Alan Turing proposed that a computer program which could win a text-only game of Spot the Imposter should be considered intelligent. The "Turing Test", as it's called, is a popular challenge for A.I. programmers to try to overcome, though it isn't seriously considered a benchmark for true intelligence in a computer. The original paper is available online, for the curious.
  • During the Battle of the Bulge, German troops in US Army uniform infiltrated the lines with the intent of causing sabotage and disruption. Checkpoints grilled GIs on things every true-blooded American was expected to know such as the identity of Mickey Mouse's girlfriend, baseball scores, or the capital of Illinois. This last question resulted in the brief detention of General Bradley; although he gave the correct answer (Springfield) the GI who questioned him apparently believed the capital was Chicago. Although this behavior is often ridiculed in fictional depictions of the battle, it did succeed in identifying a number of infiltrators, many of whom didn't speak fluent English or know anything about American society. There's also a legend about a German spy who was caught because he could recite the entire "Star-Spangled Banner" when no true American knows anything past the first verse.
  • Similar to the above, the parts of the French Resistance that helped Allied pilots back to England often quizzed the airmen they were helping. They often came across pilots who had knowledge of their unit, but none of their supposed home town, who were immediately detained as a possible mole. Once, they had a pilot who was the opposite — knew everything about his homeland, but nothing about his unit. Fortunately for him, one of the Resistance members was able to contact the RAF and established that he had been transferred there as a replacement from another unit, then immediately put on a bomber that was shot down over Europe.

    One Allied pilot who was shot down and hidden in a barn by some locals found himself woken in the middle of the night by someone jabbing him in the gut and screaming at him in German. He reflexively protested in his native English, which served to prove to the French partisans that he was not a German spy. He reflected later on that it was fortunate that he did not reflexively reply in German, which he had studied in school.
  • As The Other Wiki states, it helps if there is some handy phrase that your side can pronounce but which the enemy find difficult.
  • There have been accounts of World War II German soldiers spotting careless spies at rallies because they saluted wrong.
    • Likewise, other careless slips, such as cutting and eating a steak the wrong way.
    • One Axis Powers Hetalia skit told a similar story about a German Spy in France: He was found out when he ordered a meal with a whole cooked potato. Apparently, Germans mash a whole potato while Frenchmen dice it.
    • Or, in one case, a colorblind POW that wasn't aware that British and German uniforms were not the same color.
  • According to US Air Force tradition, the Challenge Coin became a tradition during World War I after an American pilot who had been shot down, captured by the Germans, then later escaped, having only a medallion with his unit's insignia engraved on it (his identification documents having been confiscated by the Germans). This at a time when it was common for infiltrators to don enemy uniforms to sneak into enemy camps and conduct recon and sabotage.

Alternative Title(s): Spot The Impostor