And God said, "Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creep upon the earth."
Meaningful Name: Adam was the first man, his name means "man". Eve was the first woman. Her name in Hebrew means "living one" or "source of life".
Methuselah Syndrome: Not only Adam and Eve, but plenty of their offspring. It is not until after Exodus things start to even out.
Ms. Fanservice / Mr. Fanservice: Even during the most prudish epochs of western history, nobody could deny that the nudity of Adam and Eve was an important plot point in the bible. This always gave artists an excuse to paint a couple each wearing only a single fig-leaf and still claim that it's purely religious art not meant to be titillating in any way.
Sadly Mythtaken: The Bible does not call the fruit an apple (Muslims call it Khuldi). The portrayal of said fruit as an apple is a Stealth Pun on the Latin word malus.
In fact, unless those who originally came up with the story had contact with people from Kazakhstan and the surrounding area, it's unlikely that they would even know what an apple was.
Unwitting Instigator of Doom: Picture the most beautiful person of the preferred gender you know of. Thanks to them, you're not hanging out naked with him or her in the Garden.
Sentient Talking Snake, (Satan according to some traditions); sometimes named Nahash
You will not surely die. For God knows that when you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like Gid, knowing good and evil.
Big Bad: Of...practically everything, actually. As stated below, with one simple action he managed to ruin the paradise God created. According to the Book of Genesis, he is the reason we are able to die, the reason we know of good and evil and the reason we are not able to enter the Garden of Eden and never will.
Chuck Cunningham Syndrome: Despite causing the following: Mankind receiving knowledge of good and evil, Adam and Eve getting kicked out of the Garden of Eden and being cursed, the existence of death, the existence of the entire human race, and the first evil act ever, the snake absolutely disappears off of the face of the earth after the whole "Eden" incident. It is possible that he is Satan, but The Bible is not explicit about this.
Joker Immunity: The ur-example. He commits the first murder and is protected from retribution ever after by his mark. It was intend to prevent a Cycle of Revenge. It has not worked.
Meat Versus Veggies: This indirectly kicked off the circumstances that led to Cain murdering Abel. What happened was that God asked both Cain and Abel to give him sacrifices. Cain sacrificed his vegetables, while Abel sacrificed his livestock and gave God meat. God decided that Abel's sacrifice was more worthy, which pissed Cain off enough to kill Abel over it.
Red Right Hand: God gave him a mark to protect him from harm, specifically anyone who might seek vengeance upon him for Abel's death. Exactly what kind of mark is not canonically specified, and interpretations vary.
The Resenter: Bible commentators indicate that Cain was this due to his parents having been driven out of the garden of Eden. He also resents God for picking Abel's sacrifice over his own (and murders Abel over this resentment), to which God responds by incredulously wondering why he's downcast, since if Cain had done right he would've been picked.
Walking the Earth: After Cain murdered his bother, he became a wanderer until he settled in the Land of Nod.
What Happened to the Mouse?: It's not really explained why God rejected Cain's sacrifice in favor of Abel's. Cain sacrificed produce, while Abel sacrificed livestock, but the Bible doesn't really make it clear whether God simply prefers meat, or whether it was because Cain didn't sacrifice enough.
"If you do what is right, will you not be accepted?"
Meat Versus Veggies: This inadvertently got him killed. He sacrificed meat to God by sacrificing his livestock, while his brother Cain sacrificed the vegetables growing in his field. God decided that Abel had given him a better sacrifice, and for this Cain killed him out of jealousy.
Smug Snake: His one piece of dialogue makes him come off as one. Cain did not like being lectured by his little brother.
Too Good for This Sinful Earth: Not in the story where he's from, but after his death, in Matthews 23:35, Jesus calls Abel "righteous", and Christian tradition sometimes calls Abel the first martyr.
Youngest Child Wins: Slightly subverted since he dies, and Adam and Eve have another son after his death.
He spent his life in fellowship with God, and then he disappeared, because God took him away.
And all the days of Methuselah were nine hundred sixty and nine years.
Chuck Cunningham Syndrome: Doing a bit of math, one can see that he died in the year of the Great Flood. It's never explained if he died in it or before it, since he's not among the eight humans who went aboard the Ark. (In the Talmud, he dies the week before, and a week of mourning is held inside the Ark.)
They Called Me Mad!!: They called me mad, but I'll show them, I'll bring two of every animal on The Ark, and lets see who's laughing when they're drowning and I'm floating! (Except the floating ones and the swimming ones.)
Idiot Ball: Locked his wife Sarah in a box while passing through Egypt, for fear that she would be taken by the Egyptians on account of her beauty. He didn't stop to think that maybe, just maybe the box would have to pass through Customs.
I Lied: Well, more like told a half-truth: told the Egyptians (who found her in the above incident) that she was his sister. (She was his half-sister, as well as his wife.) He did this to protect himself from being killed by the men in order to obtain her. (Which they never did, even upon finding out the truth.) The lie causes all sorts of mayhem. Oh, and this happened more than once.
Human Sacrifice: Abraham was almost sacrificed (according to a Midrash), but escaped. Later, he almost sacrificed Isaac, but just barely didn't.
Meaningful Rename: God has him change his name from Abram (High father) to Abraham (Father of many).
The Mourning After: Averted. After Sarah dies, he marries another (much younger) woman named Keturah. (Who some believe is his concubine Hagar, by another name, though this is unlikely.)
Parental Favoritism: He preferred Isaac over Ishmael, but was ready to sacrifice Isaac to God when God told him to. Good thing it was just a test. The Genesis account indicates that Abraham actually pleaded with God for Ishmael to receive some sort of blessing from God as well. Isaac was really The Chosen OneBecause Destiny Says So.
Sacred Hospitality: God is debating whether to destroy the city of Sodom. Abraham bargains God down to letting the city survive if there are ten good men. God's messengers go to Sodom, and they meet Lot and his family. The Sodomites want to rape them. Lot's even willing to let them rape his daughters rather than these men. The city is destroyed.
"Alas for me! shall I bear a child, seeing I am an old woman, and my husband here is an old man? That would indeed be a wonderful thing!"
Angel Unaware: Entertains three of these, and is rewarded with a long-awaited son.
Go-Go Enslavement: Sort of. She is taken to be one of the Pharaoh's concubines. But before he can defile her, God makes Pharaoh sick and the rest of his harem sterile, and Pharaoh gives her back to Abraham.
Law of Inverse Fertility: Her maidservant Hagar gets pregnant by Abraham by sleeping with him once; Sarah has always been infertile (which is why she gave Hagar to Abraham in the first place as per the Code of Hammurabi.)
Rich Bitch: When her jealousy gets the better of her (see above) she abuses her pregnant servant. Also, she sends Ishmael (legally her son) out into the desert, not giving a rip what happens to him because she favors her biological son Isaac.
Pyrrhic Victory: She helps Jacob on the path to becoming ancestor of the greatest nation on earth as God foretold, but she never sees her son again and the enmity between his and his brother Esau's descendants would last for centuries.
Sacred Hospitality: Offers Abraham's messenger a place to stay, plus water for himself and all his camels.
And he sold his birthright unto Jacob.
Cain and Abel: The trope might just as well have been called Jacob and Esau. Esau sells his birthright to Jacob for some porridge, Jacob tricks Isaac into giving him Esau's blessing, Esau tries to kill Jacob, Jacob runs away and comes back with gifts for Esau. End result: Esau repents, makes up with Jacob, and accepts gifts from Jacob. The thing is, it's kind of hard to tell who is Abel and who is Cain in this scenario.
God actually forbid Israelites from fighting Edomites because they are brothers.
Carpet of Virility: Esau was such a hairy man that when Jacob tricked Isaac (who had gone blind in his old age) into thinking he was Esau, he wore a goat skin to simulate Esau's hairiness.
Easily Forgiven: When meeting Jacob again for the first time in years, Jacob is terrified that Esau will try to get revenge on him and sends him dozens of gifts. To his surprise, Esau has already forgiven him.
Founder of the Kingdom: His descendants founded the city-state of Edom, who continued to harass their Israelite brothers.
"Behold, Esau my brother is a hairy man, and I am a smooth man."
Badass: He fought God Himself (or an angel, depending on which interpretation you read) and almost won, but God cheated by breaking his hip, after fighting him all day and all night. Jacob gained the nickname "Yisrael" which means "Struggles with God," or, the more popular translation, "Israel" means "Let God prevail" meaning he struggles with God and lets Him win.
Manipulative Bastard: Jacob's name means deceiver, and he is often shown using tricks to get his way. He even, at his mother's request, tricked his father into giving him the better inheritance.
One True Love: Rachel is so much the love of his life that occasionally, he refers to her as his only wife, and makes it sound as if her sons are his only children. What's worse, he talks like this in front of all his other children.
[To Judah, one of his ten other sons] You know that my wife bore me two sons...
Parental Favoritism: Jacob was Rebecca's favorite, and later Jacob preferred his (second) youngest son, Joseph. Notice a pattern here?
Polyamory: With the sisters (and his cousins) Leah and Rachel. It wasn't his idea, though; he wanted Rachel but was stuck with Leah after the Bride and Switch. Like most other accounts of polygamy in the Bible, it ends badly, here in the form of an ugly Sibling Rivalry.
No Periods, Period: Averted; her excuse for not getting up to let guards search was "It's that time of the month."
Sibling Rivalry: With Leah, because Leah was able to give Jacob lots of sons.
Youngest Child Wins: Jacob's favored wife bore his favorite sons, one of which becomes a Prince.
Leah had tender eyes.
Archnemesis Dad: The main reason for Leah's unhappy married life is her father's eagerness to marry off both daughters at the same time to the same man and get free labour from his son-in-law. In time, both sisters grow to dislike their father enough to counsel Jacob to flee with all his livestock without telling Laban.
What Beautiful Eyes: Exactly what "tender eyes" are supposed to be is unclear. Some versions say she had "lovely" eyes, others say she had "weary" eyes.
Archnemesis Dad: Laban is almost single-handedly responsible for all the angst faced by his daughters and their sons. His deception in marrying both daughters to Jacob leads to an intense rivalry between them, which in turn damages the relationship between their sons, almost to the point of fratricide.
Beauty Equals Goodness: "Joseph was handsome in form and appearance." Additionally, according to Muslim tradition, "One half of all the beauty God apportioned for mankind went to Joseph; the other one half went to the rest of mankind."
Big Brother Instinct: Joseph's reaction on seeing Benjamin for the first time in more than 20 years: "God be gracious to you, my son."
Bilingual Bonus: When brought before the Vizier, the brothers speak to each other in Canaanite, because they think the Vizier won't understand. He does.
Chaste Hero: He resisted the advances of his master Potiphar's wife.
Chick Magnet: Implied in the biblical episode involving Potiphar's wife. Dwelt on in much greater detail in the Islamic tradition, where women are so distracted by his good looks that they cut their hands while peeling apples when he is around.
Dramatic Irony: The brothers insist before the Vizier of Egypt that they are "honest men". They don't realise that the Vizier is the brother whose death they faked after having sold him into slavery 20 years ago.
Dreaming of Things to Come: Several people in Joseph's story experience prophetic dreams - the Pharaoh, the Steward and the Baker, and Joseph himself. However, Joseph is the only one who can interpret the dreams.
Framing the Guilty Party: Joseph's accusations of espionage and theft against his brothers are completely false. But his brothers see this as retribution for what they did to him years earlier, and feel that they are being justly punished.
Judah: [to Joseph, unaware of his true identity] What can we say, my lord? How can we defend ourselves? God has uncovered our guilt.
Genre Savvy: In hindsight, Joseph sees his hardships as part of God's greater plan to put him in a position to save lives during the devastating famine. He uses this to lighten his brothers' sense of guilt for having sold him to slavery.
The Good Chancellor: He saves countless lives and livestock through his efficient administration during the seven years of famine. Harsher in Hindsight, though, as his economic policies result in the State gaining ownership over all privately owned property.
Guile Hero: No matter where he is placed, Joseph finds a way to climb to the top of the organisation through sheer intelligence, charisma and competence. His administration over the 7 years of plenty and 7 years of famine ensures that the entire nation survives. Moreover, he lays a successful trap for his brothers to find out if they have really changed over the years.
Hypercompetent Sidekick: Joseph became one to Potiphar, then to his warden in prison, and eventually to Pharaoh; he was so efficient that Potiphar and the warden felt they didn't need to supervise him, and Potiphar even lost track of all his affairs because Joseph took care of them all.
Matzo Fever: He unwittingly infected Potiphar's wife with this.
No Doubt The Years Have Changed Me: His brothers last saw him being caravanned off to a life of slavery. Twenty years later, he is the second-most powerful man in Egypt and is effectively running the famine-struck country.
Not So Stoic: He bears his own slavery and imprisonment with fortitude but breaks down in Manly Tears several times when dealing with his own family.
Parental Favoritism: He was the favorite son of Jacob, being the first child of his favorite wife. Joseph himself averts this trope in relation to his own two children, Manasseh and Ephraim. He isn't very happy when Jacob resorts to his old habit of favouring the younger child by giving the greater blessing to Ephraim.
Rags to Riches: He eventually becomes second in power to Pharaoh, and is sometimes described as being a prince.
Reasonable Authority Figure: Zig-Zagged. As the Vizier of Egypt, Joseph acts like The Good Chancellor and is ultimately praised by the people for saving their lives. However, when dealing with his brothers (before having revealed his true identity), Joseph takes full advantage of his power and makes them suffer for what they did to him.
Requisite Royal Regalia: A small-scale version: the fancy robe Jacob gave him is believed to traditionally signify a father's choice of successor as head of the family. And of course, he got the real deal when Pharaoh made him second-in-command of all Egypt.
Xanatos Gambit: By forcing his brothers to decide whether they will allow Benjamin to be enslaved to guarantee their own safety, Joseph ensures that there are only two possible outcomes (both in his favour). Outcome A: The brothers, caring little for Benjamin, leave him in Egypt, in which case Joseph is re-united with his one full brother; Outcome B: The brothers, having gained in moral character since the time they sold Joseph, refuse to part with Benjamin, in which case Joseph reconciles with all of them. Happily for all parties, Outcome B eventuates.
Hypocrite: Is willing to put Tamar to death for adultery despite having slept with some random prostitute himself. Upon realizing that she was the prostitute he realizes his error.
Made a Slave: He was the one to suggest selling Joseph into slavery.
Only Sane Man: During times of crisis, it's Judah who finds the sensible proposals. He manages to persuade Jacob to let Benjamin go with them to Egypt. In Egypt, it's again Judah who takes the initiative and bargains for Benjamin's freedom with Joseph.
Token Good Teammate: He was the one who suggested selling Joseph to slavery instead of killing him.
Although there's also Reuben, who was planning to take Joseph out of the pit and save him.
What Have I Done: He almost had Tamar put to death for adultery before realizing that he was the one at fault.
Big Brother Instinct: Benjamin evokes this response in Joseph. One of the motivations behind Joseph's Xanatos Gambit is to rescue Benjamin from his half-brothers if it turns out they have been treating him as poorly as they treated Joseph.
Parental Favouritism: Benjamin is subjected to this nearly as much as Joseph was before him. However, fortunately, his brothers don't hate him for it.
Replacement Goldfish: After Joseph's disappearance, Jacob takes to Benjamin as his "replacement" favorite, as Benjamin is his One True Love Rachel's only other son. However, given that Jacob continues to mourn for Joseph despite keeping Benjamin close to him, it is implied that Benjamin remains Always Second Best.
The Voiceless: Despite being the subject of monumental angsting and drama for three chapters, Benjamin doesn't get even one spoken word of dialogue. The only time he isn't just a passive figure and does something is when he returns Joseph's embrace and cries. Otherwise, he is only mentioned to demonstrate the feelings or moral progress of other characters, such as Jacob's bereavement, Joseph's Big Brother Instinct or Judah's Character Arc.
Open Mouth, Insert Foot: Poor Ruben, through and through. A prime example of this trope is when Ruben tries to persuade Jacob to let Benjamin travel with him to Egypt. As an indication of his sincerity, he tells Jacob he will let both his own sons be killed if he can't bring Benjamin back. Needless to say, Jacob isn't persuaded.
Out of Focus: This is especially true of the sons of the concubines. Despite being The Unfavourites, most of Leah's sons get individual characteristics: Judah is the Hero of Another Story, Ruben is the disgraced older brother, Dan is the Black Sheep, Simeon is a problem "wild child", Levi is the most pious one, Issachar is The Smart Guy and Asher is the peacemaker. Do we know anything about Naphtali and Gad, other than their genealogy?
This Bear Was Framed: To explain Joseph's disappearance to the rest of the clan, the brothers smear goat's blood on his coat and send it to their father, Jacob, who concludes that Joseph must have been torn apart by wild animals.
Some Midrashic tales say that Dinah gave birth to Shechem's daughter, who was spirited away to Egypt to be raised as the daughter of Potiphera, Priest of On, and that it was this daughter, Asenath, who was given in marriage to Joseph. The rather Unfortunate Implication of this tale is that it puts Joseph in a squickyuncle-niece relationship. However, most scholars dismiss this story as a Fanon attempt to make Joseph's sons of pure Jewish lineage.
One Steve Limit: Averted, there are other Pharaohs mentioned. In fact, it's likely that Joseph served under multiple Pharaohs.
Reasonable Authority Figure: He seems to appreciate Joseph a lot and is kind to his family when they arrive. He was willing to accommodate Joseph's relatives in Goshen, a particularly fertile area of Egypt where they would be able to graze their flocks (and also where they would be separate from the Egyptian populace, as Egyptians tended to look down on shepherds).