The Exile

"So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life." - Genesis 3:24 (KJV)

"Run. Run away, and never return!"
Scar, to Simba, The Lion King

Bob's been caught committing a crime, caused too much property damage, or pissed the wrong people off. As punishment, he's forced to leave his city, state, or country, and never come back, often receiving a Mark of Shame in the process. In some situations, this can effectively be a death sentence, if the location from which Bob's exiled is the one safe haven in an otherwise inhospitable zone. Escaping the punishment for a crime may lead to a voluntary exile.

While being exiled can sometimes lead to Walking the Earth, it's usually more temporary than a Wandering Jew type of curse, either by Bob finding a new place to call Home Sweet Home, or by Bob doing one specific thing to absolve himself.

Subtropes include Remittance Man, Noble Fugitive, and Locked Away in a Monastery. Related to Put on a Bus, which is a narrative tool rather than a situation. Also comparable to Kicked Upstairs, which is placing a person in a position that, at first glance seems to be prestigious, but is actually a job that barely requires any work done and lacks any real power.

Can overlap with Reassigned to Antarctica if he is ordered to leave for a specific place and stay there for tasks.

When a whole group has to become collective exiles they might decide to begin The Migration. If the group in question was the original legitimate government they may become a Government in Exile. If this is Recycled In Space exiles can become Space Cossacks.

Compare with Persona Non Grata.

Truth in Television, of course.


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     Anime and Manga  

  • Caro of Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha, who was exiled from her tribe for being a too powerful dragon summoner at such a young age.
  • In 7 Seeds, the Autumn/Summer/Spring village discovers that two members have committed serious crimes: Ango's attempted rape of Hana and complicity in her possible death as well as Ryo's attempted murder of Haru and Hana, the latter of which might have been successful. They are given a choice between exile and lifelong penal servitude, and choose the former.
  • Bleach:
    • One hundred years before Chapter 1, the Vaizards were the victims of an illegal Hollowfication experiment. In the process of trying to save them, Tessai performed illegal kidou and Urahara was framed for the experiments. The Vaizards were sentenced to execution, and Tessai and Urahara were sentenced to imprisonment and the removal of their powers. They were rescued from their fates by Yoruichi who helped them get to the World of the Living where they could live as fugitives in exile. Yoruichi was forced to join them in exile for her own participation in the events. Their names weren't cleared for over a hundred years.
    • Isshin became an exile from Soul Society twenty years before Chapter 1 as a result of a series of events that lead to him losing his shinigami power. In his case, his exile is self-imposed as he voluntarily depowered and went AWOL from Soul Society in order to save Masaki Kurosaki, another Hollowfication victim of Aizen's experiments.
    • It's very heavily implied that Ryuuken Ishida is some form of exile from the rest of the Quincies, although it's ambiguous as to whether his exile is enforced, self-imposed, or a mixture of both. Either way, he plays an Heroic Neutral in the story. It's also implied that Souken was an exile of some kind as well, due to a philosphical falling out between himself and the Vandenreich. When Uryuu joins the Vandenreich, not only have the Quincies never heard the name Ishida before but Yhwach lies to ensure the Quincies don't find out Ryuuken exists. He is such a persona non grata that the one Quincy confirmed to have known about the Ishida family is willing to discuss Souken and Uryuu but even he will not talk about Ryuuken.

     Comic Books  

  • The Illuminati (named after, but no relation) in Marvel Comics took it upon themselves to banish The Hulk from planet Earth, leading to World War Hulk.
  • Cerebus becomes one at the end of the Form and Void arc, when he is ostracized by his hometown for failing to make it home in time for his father's funeral because he was running around with Jaka.
  • Exoristos from Demon Knights is an Amazon in permanent exile from Themyscira.
  • Superman once exiled himself from Earth after a nervous breakdown from the guilt of killing three alternate universe Kryptonian criminals caused him to sleepwalk as the vigilante Gangbuster.
  • Transformers: More than Meets the Eye: After Overlord's rampage, Drift takes the fall for all the other guilty parties, and as such he's stripped of his badge and exiled from the Autobots. He's wandering the galaxy protecting the innocent. We meet him again in Drift: Empire of Stone where Ratchet hunts him down and tells him he can come back as the real culprits have since confessed, and his banishment has been reversed. Drift doesn't know whether or not he should go back as he finds neutrality more suited to himself.
  • Spider-Verse: Karn of the Inheritors was exiled from the Inheritor home dimension after accidentally causing the death of their matriarch. Since then he's been killing totem after totem across the multiverse in order to atone for it.

     Fairy Tales  

  • In "The One-Handed Girl", the king and his wife reject the notion of killing their daughter-in-law, even though they believe her a Wicked Witch and a Black Widow; they exile her instead, because that was what her village did, and their son would never forgive them.

     Fan Works  

  • Lyndess in With Strings Attached. A god exiled her to Ketafa for not paying her debts.
  • In Make a Wish, Harry found Merlin's diary, which claimed that he was kicked out of Atlantis for being too "underpowered."
  • The Powers Of Harmony: This was the ultimate fate of Libra after the War of the Sun and Moon, due to his breaking of the Lifeforce taboo. He was banished from Equestria and traveled to the Zhevra Flatlands, where he disappears from history.
  • In My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic fanfic Nightmares Are Tragic, the first chapter briefly portrays a thousand years of Nightmare Moon's Lunar exile.
  • Another MLP fic, The Changeling Of The Guard, follows the adventures of Idol Hooves, a changling exiled from The Hive by Queen Chrysalis for questioning the established order of things.
  • In Empath: The Luckiest Smurf, Empath Smurf and Polaris Psyche are considered this after they have separately left Psychelia. However, in Empath's case, he can return only on the grounds that he would willingly become the Psyche Master's successor, which isn't what Empath wants at all.
  • In Discworld fic The Black Sheep, Balthazar Smith-Rhodes serves a prison sentence in his native Howondaland for actively breaking quite a few of his country's laws. Unrepentant, he is then exiled to the faraway Central Continent, where he becomes adventurer "Howondaland Smith". (His family employ an Assassin-trained ninja attack lawyer to get him to drop the "Rhodes" bit from the name; he is permitted to remain a Smith as this is considered acceptably generic). The story covers part of his life as a con-man and eventual return home to Howondaland.
  • The Wanderer Of The North: Nikóleva made a self-imposed exile after her botched raid to the nearest Diamond Dog base (which she was forbidden to do, too), so that her sister and guardian will never be harmed indirectly by her again.


  • In Watch on the Rhine, anti-Nazi Kurt Muller had to flee Germany with his family in 1933.
  • In Star Wars: The Phantom Menace, when the Jedi run into Jar Jar Binks, he's been exiled from Gungan society. That's right, Jar-Jar was kicked out because of him being clumsy. From what little was stated in the film, the specific reasons for his exile involved crashing Boss Nass's "heyblibber" and blowing up what was implied to be a reactor.
    • Expanded Universe material elaborates that Jar Jar's crime was stealing a miniature sub from Boss Nass (the "heyblibber") and crashing it into one of the reactors powering the containment dome over the Gungan city, causing part of the dome to collapse and flood a portion of the city. Also, exile for varying lengths of time is a common punishment for Gungan criminals, backed by the death penalty should they return before their sentence is complete.
  • In The Return of Hanuman, Maruti and his mother were not allowed to live in Bajrangpur anymore because the villagers thought that Maruti is a big threat (especially after his mega-Midnight Snack). That doesn't stop him from going to school in Bajrangpur though, as he has Super Speed.
  • Thor was banished from Asgard by his father for his disobedient actions that sparked a war between Asgardians and the Frost Giants. His banishment will serve as a truce between both worlds.


  • In Robert A. Heinlein's short story "Coventry", the United States has used Applied Phlebotinum to put a force field wall around an area of the country. Because of the respect for human rights, it is the law that anyone may choose to go to Coventry rather than have to agree to psychological therapy for criminal or antisocial behavior. The protagonist, David MacKinnon, is a romantic idealist who imagines a paradise without the noisy interfering big government getting in the way of rugged freedom lovers.
    • The title comes from "to send someone to Coventry", a British idiom meaning to ostracize someone, usually by not talking to them. To be sent to Coventry is to be regarded as absent.
    • Coventry also featured prominently in his first book (last published) For Us, the Living: A Comedy of Customs.
  • Ayla is punished in this way at the end of Clan of the Cave Bear (and for a shorter time in the middle of the book).
  • Comes up a lot in the Masters of Rome series.
  • Marina from the Silverwing books is banished from her colony after she receives a band from humans, which acts as a Mark of Shame until she befriends Shade, who has no prejudice against humans and even envies her band.
  • At the end of the last Doctrine of Labyrinths book, Corambis, Felix comments that he must be the only person ever to be exiled from exile. (At the end of the previous book, he was exiled from Melusine for destroying the mind of his lover's murderer; in Corambis, he hasn't really done anything wrong, but the people in charge want him out of the way where he can't cause any trouble.)
  • In Robert E. Howard's Conan the Barbarian story "Rogues in the House," Murillo thinks that the ear given to him in a box might be a warning to leave for voluntary exile, but does not want to risk it. Later, Nabonidus asks him why he didn't take the warning, and Murillo retorts that he did not know he would be allowed to.
  • In Robert E. Howard's "The Shadow Kingdom", Kull himself.
    the name of Kull was now a word accursed among the mountains and valleys of his people, and... Kull had put them from his mind,
  • In Josepha Sherman's The Shining Falcon, Malicious Slander makes Maria and her family have to flee.
  • Common in The Icelandic Sagas.
  • In Fate of the Jedi, Luke Skywalker is exiled for his role in training Jacen Solo, aka Darth Caedus. He's to keep away from Jedi temples and train no one for ten years, or until he can discover why Jacen became what he did. His teenaged son Ben decides to come with him.
  • Sisterhood Series by Fern Michaels: Charles Martin returns to the Vigilantes from his trip to England in the book Vanishing Act. He explains to them that he has been banished from England, the country he was born at, and he can never return.
  • In Devon Monk's Dead Iron, LeFel's backstory. Which has the side effect of making him mortal.
  • In Warriors, Teller of the Pointed Stones exiles six of his own cats (they're meant to kill Sharptooth or never return), Bluestar exiles Tigerclaw because he tried to kill her, and RiverClan exiles Graystripe because he saves Firestar's life.
  • In Michael Flynn's January Dancer, Fa Li's assignment at the Rift is considered this.
  • In A Song of Ice and Fire, Ser Jorah Mormont flees into exile to avoid punishment from Eddard Stark for selling some poachers into slavery.
  • In It Can't Happen Here, Canada becomes a destination for American refugees fleeing the Windrip regime, including Doremus for a time.
    • Windrip himself is ousted from power by Lee Saranson and forced to live in exile in Europe. Similarly, Macgoblin flees after a coup and lives in exile in the Haitian countryside.
  • In Andre Norton's Forerunner Foray, "Turan" is told that Puvult, whom he had exiled, had returned after Turan's death.
  • In Julie Kagawa's The Iron Daughter, they meet with Leanansidhe, their (self-appointed) queen, and many other exiles from Nevernever. By the end of the book, Meghan and Ash chose exile over giving each other up. In The Iron Queen, Mab and Oberon offer pardons for exiles as a bribe.
  • An Encounter And An Offer has a fae boy being exiled from the fae realms. Why is not revealed: the fae refuses to explain, and would rather die than tell.
  • At the end of the fifth Age of Fire book, Dragon Rule, RuGaard is ousted from his position as Tyr by NiVom uniting the most influential dragons of the Dragon Empire against him, and is exiled from all territories of the Empire and its Grand Alliance under pain of death to himself and his mate Nilrasha (who is kept hostage). He's joined by his siblings — Wistala out of familial loyalty and AuRon out of distrust of NiVom — and his undyingly loyal bodyguard Shadowcatch, eventually finding refuge in the distant and isolated Sadda-Vale mountains.
  • Tobimar in Phoenix Rising. Under certain circumstances, people in Tobimar's family have to leave their country of birth to quest for their ancestral lands and legacy. They must leave at once, and never return until they succeed.

     Live Action TV  

  • The Fugitive is the Trope Codifier.
  • Star Trek: Deep Space Nine had four: Garak was tacitly banned from returning to his homeworld under threat of death. Like Rick Blaine from Casablanca (on which the show drew some inspiration), his exact crime is never revealed but his reputation is so infamous that when he's exiled, he chooses to live on DS9 because, as Sisko once observes, for a man in trouble with the highest levels of the Cardassian government, a Bajoran-owned, Federation-controlled region is very probably the safest place in the entire Alpha Quadrant for him to live. Worf landed in hot water for siding with the Federation over the Klingon government in a military matter. Odo got the boot for killing a fellow Changeling, something unheard of in their civilization. Quark was blacklisted from Ferengi society for reneging on a contract. Each of these characters' exiles were lifted by the end.
  • MythQuest: In one myth, Cleo is exiled because the family she is with becomes convinced she's a witch.
  • Carl Cassimon in Salamander is a former policeman who left the force out of guilt for killing a criminal suspect, and because he had an affair with his best friend's wife. He escapes the world by becoming a monk - albeit in a jolly Belgian monastery where the religious brothers have beer, a bar, Internet access and a pool table.


  • BIONICLE: Takua (but he's later allowed back), Malum, and Strakk.

     Mythology and Religion  

  • The Bible: In Genesis 3:23, 24 Adam and Eve are banished from the Garden of Eden as the final part of their punishment for defying God and eating from the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil, and also to prevent them from eating of the Tree of Life and becoming like God and the angels.

     Tabletop Games  


  • Romeo from Romeo and Juliet was banished from Verona for killing Tybalt.
    • Exile shows up as a common theme - especially in the historical plays - in Shakespeare's works, mostly because it was a common political tool throughout British history well into the 18th Century.
  • Elphaba in Wicked becomes one after faking her death, as she can never return to Oz.

     Video Games  

  • The main character of Knights of the Old Republic II: The Sith Lords is called 'The Exile' no matter what name you pick for her. Getting to the bottom of the circumstances around the main character's exile from the Jedi Order makes up most of the game's story.
  • General Azimuth in the Ratchet & Clank Future series.
  • Tali's sidequest in Mass Effect 2 has her accused of treason against the Migrant Fleet, and can end with her being convicted and exiled.
    • One of the quarians in the book, Mass Effect: Ascension was an exile. Though in his case, unlike Tali, there were very good reasons.
  • The Vault Dweller from Fallout is exiled from Vault 13 at the end of the game, since the Overseer believes he/she has been changed too much by the outside world.
    • In Fallout 3, the Lone Wanderer gets kicked out permanently because he's a bad influence.
  • Lloyd and Genis in Tales of Symphonia get exiled from their hometown, Iselia, after it gets burned down by the Desians because they went to the nearby Human Ranch, a forbidden act according to the non-agression pact made between Iselia and the Desians.
  • Dragon Age:
    • Dwarves who step onto the surface for any reason are declared "lost to the Stone," stripped of their caste and any ability to hold a legal job back in Orzammar. They still come back, and in fact the trade the surface dwarves bring is the only thing keeping the ancient city alive, but they're treated as criminals and complete non-citizens. It's perfectly legal to kill a casteless dwarf in public with no repercussions.
    • Most of the main characters in Dragon Age II fall into this category in one form of another. The Hawke family had to leave Ferelden after the destruction of Lothering, Aveline is the daughter of a exiled-in-disgrace Orlesian Chevalier, Varric's family was stripped of their Noble status and exiled from Orzammar for fixing Provings, Fenris is an escaped slave on the run from Tevinter Magisters, Anders is on the run after deserting the Grey Wardens, Merrill is a pariah amongst the Dalish and may end up exiled from her clan, while Prince Sebastian Vael was sent to the Chantry.
    • In Dragon Age: Inquisition, one of Bull's Chargers is surfacer dwarf called Rocky. He says he got exiled from Orzammar for "stupid noble crap"...before sheepishly admitting to blowing up a good chunk of the Shaperate.
  • Every inhabitant of Path of Exile's Wraeclast that isn't a native or one of the Empire's Black Guard is one of these, including your player character.
  • Prominent in the largely-irrelevant backstory to survival/city-building game Banished. You start with a certain number of families who've been thrown out of their home village, in circumstances which are left to the player's imagination, plus whatever useful supplies they could grab on their way out and must guide them in their quest to build a new home for themselves.


  • In the MS Paint Adventures story Homestuck, a major storyline revolves around four Exile characters who live After the End: Wayward Vagabond, Peregrine Mendicant, Aimless Renegade and Windswept Questant. The reasons for their exiles have been vaguely hinted towards in their storyline, but they've been revealed in the present day as "Warweary Villein", "Parcel Mistress", "Authority Regulator" and "White Queen".
    • Another Exile, the Writ Keeper, has been mentioned. Yeah, he's the "White King".
    • There's also Expatriate Darkleer, who was banished for taking pity on the Disciple and letting her escape, and Grandma English (also known as Alpha Jade), who ran an unsuccessful revolution against Betty Crocker.
  • In Vattu, Seri is expelled from the tribe because one of her lies caused Hunter's death.
  • In Our Little Adventure, Stratus's Planeshift brought him to a place he is not leaving.

     Web Original  

  • Obviously, all of the Outcasts in Tasakeru.
  • Parodied in Kickassia, when The Nostalgia Critic dramatically exiles The Cinema Snob from Kickassia for treason, intending for him to walk in shame and solitude across the desert. Since the nation is question is not too far from a nearby town (complete with comfy hotel), the Snob has his phone to call for a cab and things in Kickassia are beginning to get a bit crazy thanks to the Nostalgia Critic going mad with power, the Snob isn't as bothered by this as the Critic would probably like. Not to mention the fact that the intended gravitas is lost when everyone's waving goodbye behind his back.
    • After the event is over, in his next video, the Critic sheepishly alludes to being forbidden from returning to Nevada.
  • Several characters in The Gungan Council have been exiled for several reasons:
    • Abigail Taylor was tried and exiled from the Chiss Ascendancy for no real reason other than no one could defend her against a hostile judge.
    • Ti'Cira, Je'gan, and Caleb were exiled by the Jedi Council for beginning a massive crusade that ended up killing everyone on Taris.
    • All Nightsisters from Dathomir

     Western Animation  

  • One episode of South Park involved Stan refusing to vote on the new school mascot (the choices were a giant douche and a turd sandwich) and being banished from the town in a ritual involving being tied to a donkey and spat upon. An Animal Wrongs Group finds him and complains about the mistreatment of the donkey.
  • Zuko from Avatar: The Last Airbender, banished from the fire nation by his father the Fire Lord until he finds and defeats the Avatar. Also his mother, Ursa, was banished for killing the previous Fire Lord to save Zuko's life.
  • Wonder Woman from the Justice League was exiled from Themyscira, because she had broken the law that forbade anyone from bringing men onto the island (which she did to save her mother and her fellow Amazons). It's implied that Queen Hippolyta lifted the banishment after Wonder Woman and Hawkgirl returned to Themyscira to save them all.
  • In the original Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles toon, part of Krang's backstory was that he had been exiled from Dimension X.
  • In Aladdin, Jasmine threatens to get rid of Jafar when she's Queen, and he mentions at first that she'll exile him. Depending on where Agrabah is, and whether other cities would be willing to let an exile in (a traitorous vizier being the kind of exile most cities would not want to let in), being banished would likely lead to death.
  • In My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic, the Everfree Forest is mentioned and imagined several times as a place of banishment.
  • In The Book of Life, whatever in the last wager he made with La Muerte, Xibalba was exiled into ruling the Land of the Forgotten.
  • In Kung Fu Panda 2, Lord Shen is exiled from Gongmen City by his parents for committing genocide on the panda species. He resents them for this, despite the fact that exile was a pretty lenient punishment for his crime.
  • In The Lion King, as seen in the page quote, Simba forces himself into exile after Scar convinces him that he killed Mufasa. When Simba returns years later and is absolved of his guilt, he tells Scar the same words, intending on putting him in exile.

     Real Life  

  • In Ancient Athens politicians (and other prominent citizens, but usually politicians) could be "ostracized"note  by vote, or ordered to leave town for ten years. In this case it was not a punishment and did not necessarily imply social infamy. Nor did the victim have his property officially seized by the state (although if he didn't have friends or guards to keep an eye on it, it might be unofficially seized by his neighbors). It was usually simply a declaration that "Athens can't afford to have you in town right now and is frankly afraid that you will cause a bloody civil war. Leave for a few years and then come back and we'll see. Nothing Personal old chap."
    • That said, people could be ostracized for any reason; the procedure for ostracism was to ask the ekklesia (assembly of free male citizens) whether they wanted to ostracize someone, and if so, then vote on who. Famously, Aristides the Just once found a man with an ostrakon who asked him for help in writing Aristides' name (he was illiterate and also didn't know what Aristides looked like); Aristides (being just) wrote the name for him and asked him why he wanted to ostracize Aristides, and the man replied, "I'm just so tired of hearing people call him 'the Just'!"
    • In ancient Greece it was also quite common when one faction of the local oligarchy (aristocracy) overcame the other that the winners would drive the losers out of the country (polis). Sometimes exiled politicians would stir up trouble abroad, as happened during the Persian Wars with former Athenian tyrant Hippias and deposed Spartan king Demaratos and with the Athenian Alcibiades during the Peloponnesian War.
  • Several British Royal and Noble families who on the losing end of a power struggle, most famously the Stuarts and their "Jacobite" supporters.
    • Henry Bolingbroke, first cousin to Richard II, was exiled before participating in a duel (the other duellist was exiled as well) in 1398. When Henry's father died, Richard seized all of Henry's inherited properties. This drove Henry to return from exile with an army and overthrew the unpopular Richard, becoming Henry IV in the process.
  • The Jewish People as a whole after the Jewish Revolts.
    • And before that in the Babylonian Exile (see several books of the Bible).
  • Napoleon Bonaparte had this happen to him twice. The first time, in 1814, he was given the isle of Elba to rule after being overthrown, which he was not allowed to leave. His response was to escape and take control of France again, thereby nullifying the peace treaty of 1814. After the Battle of Waterloo, his enemies sent him further away to St. Helena as a prisoner. This time, it stuck.
  • The company name of inXile Entertainment not-entirely-seriously-but-not-entirely-humorously refers to most of its core employees, including the CEO Brian Fargo, being exiled from Interplay Entertainment (which Fargo founded and headed until his resignation) by its new management.
  • United Empire Loyalists were those who had supported the crown during the American Revolution but had to leave following the Treaty of Paris in 1783. At least 45,000 from the hitherto Thirteen Colonies relocated, mostly to New Brunswick (which was carved out of Nova Scotia to accomodate them) and Upper Canada (now Ontario) - many freed slaves and native tribes such as the Iroquois also followed. The mass influx of non-French into Canada, as well as the general suspicion towards the rather violenty-established "mob rule" that took hold in the United States guided the organization of Canada in the 19th and 20th Centuries.
  • Since The Sixties Cubans that opposed Fidel Castro and the communist government following Castro's overthrow of the Batista regime in 1959 have fled and now live overseas: there are now over a million Cuban-Americans (Cuba's population in 2012 was 11.1 million) living in the United States alone, the vast majority in and around Miami and Tampa. The exile community's hostility to the Cuban government and their importance in elections (Florida is considered a swing state and has many electoral votes) is a major reason for the United States' continued embargo against Cuba (though that doesn't stop the US from being Cuba's 5th largest exporter).
    • Castro himself was an exile before that, released from prison in 1955 and spending about 18 months in Mexico.
  • Similar to Cuba, most of the Vietnamese-American population come from refugees fleeing their homeland following the Fall of Saigon in 1975, fearing reprisals from the victorious communist government. Many still hold strong opposition to the communist Vietnamese government, frequently still flying the South Vietnamese flag during Tet parades and such.
    • Lots of Hmong (a specific people originating from mountainous areas of Vietnam, Laos, and South China) fled the Indochinese peninsula after the Vietnam Wars, because they sided with the French then the Americans. The most important Hmong diasporas are in French Guyana and in Minnesota.
  • An unofficial version exists in 21st Century America. In some locales, after a convicted sex offender has served their sentence, they're still forbidden from living within a certain distance of schools, playgrounds, and other areas frequented by children. Depending on how large that distance is, and how many areas are designated as off-limits, a sex offender may find that there is literally no place in a given city where they're legally allowed to reside.
    • The above can lead to very...shall we say unusual effects. A town in Iowa was shocked to find out how many sex offenders were living in and around their town and quickly passed laws that made it impossible for them to live there, so they packed up and went to the next town. The second town was then shocked to find out how many sex offenders were living in and around their town and quickly passed laws that made it impossible for them to live there, so they packed up and went to the next town. Then the third town down the road, and the fourth, and so forth and so on. The cumulative effect was a statewide east-to-west migration of those on the registry.
    • For years the underside of the Julia Tuttle Causeway in Miami was where an impromptu shantytown of those on the sex offender registry existed, as strict limits meant the nearest place where a sex offender could live wasn't even in Miami-Dade County (they would have to move to Broward County). The camp had at its height about 140 people, plumbing, and electricity from generators; it also became an unofficial part of the Miami prison system, as a parole officer was sent there every night to make sure everyone was accounted for at curfew. The camp was dismantled shortly after newspapers publicized its existence, though trying to find a residence for those on the registry remains a major problem because every community is opposed to taking them in, many of them vehemently.