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Anime And Manga
- In Kitchen Princess, Najika is bullied...then her Blithe Spirit triumphs and she is adored...then a disaster strikes for which she was in no way to blame and everyone despises her again.
- Love Hina: The Hinata girls, especially Naru and Motoko, are always fully prepared to believe the worst in Keitaro and beat the crap out of him at the slightest provocation, especially when they suspect him of doing something perverted. Honestly, after the first few misunderstandings, one would think they'd actually realize that it's Not What It Looks Like.
- Happens consistently in Great Teacher Onizuka, where the students and/or teachers keep falling for faked evidence of Onizuka's wrongdoing, despite his history of regularly being framed for bad behavior and being vindicated and found to be completely well-intentioned every time.
- Bleach: The Soul Reapers are very grateful to Ichigo for both saving Soul Society and sacrificing his power to defeat Aizen. The anime's Gotei 13 Invasion Arc is set immediately after Aizen's defeat and just before the Lost Agent Arc. One piece of evidence implicates Ichigo in villainous events, and Yamamoto promptly orders Ichigo's arrest without bothering to look any deeper at the situation or talk to Ichigo. The Lost Agent Arc debunks the filler's portrayal of Yamamoto; when the canon Yamamoto learns Ichigo's fallen in with the wrong crowd, he cites Ichigo's past deeds as justification for breaking the rules of Soul Society to save him.
- Code Geass has this when the Black Knights turn on Lelouch, the man that has led them to victory after victory over Britannia and is very close to helping them liberate their homeland, because of an unproven statement from their worst enemy without any sort of proof.
- Happens far too often to Astérix. In at least four comics (Asterix and the Soothsayer, Asterix and the Roman Agent, Asterix and Son and Asterix and the Secret Weapon) he is framed, shunned, or at least badmouthed by the Gaul village, despite being known as the village's official best-warrior-and-nice-guy.
- This is what happens to Spider-Man all the time. No matter how many times he saves the city it only takes one smear campaign or mistaken action seen by the public to turn New York against him and declare he's a criminal.
- The "Superior Spider-Man" zig-zags with this trope so hard it's not even funny. On one hand, Peter explaining that his mind was taken over by Doctor Octopus provides him with Easy Forgiveness from The Avengers... and that's about the only people who forgive him, or wish to stay on speaking terms with him/be within a hundred miles of him (or don't do a Face–Heel Turn and want him dead/humiliated) in the aftermath.
- In Scooby Doo 2: Monsters Unleashed, Mystery Inc. is so famous and beloved that they have an entire museum exhibit dedicated to them, but a reporter turns the entire city against them with Manipulative Editing.
- Despite very publicly saving the city at the climax of the first movie, the Ghostbusters are hated and destitute by the beginning of the second movie, because the public was so easily swayed against them.
- Anchorman: The Legend of Ron Burgundy. When Veronica Corningstone fixes Ron's teleprompter to say "Go fuck yourself, San Diego!", he instantly becomes a pariah.
- Harry Potter. Books two, four and five basically follow the formula of "Harry is a good guy, but gossip says he is crazy, and everyone thinks he's crazy after a while." RiffTrax often jokes about this in their riffs on the films.
Harry: I was only [using magic in front of muggles] to save [them.]Bill (continuing as Harry): Also I've saved the school four times and have a flawless record of being on the side of truth and justice.
- Some fanfics take it to extremes where people who were supposed to know better after learning Sirius Black was victim of a frame-up would believe Harry to be whatever he was being accused of. A few of them even had Sirius falling for that.
Live Action TV
- Batman episode "Deep Freeze". Mr. Freeze frames Batman for crimes such as accepting a bribe and stealing Commissioner Gordon's watch. The people of Gotham immediately conclude that Batman is a criminal and lose faith in him. Oddly enough the episode ends without any indication that the truth has been revealed to the public, but they're back to worshiping Batman the next episode.
- During the fourth season of Babylon 5, Captain Sheridan, now the leader of La Résistance, is lured out to Mars and into a trap by his former Security chief, Michael Garibaldi. An unusual example in that while the character identified as being responsible did do what he was accused of, he did so as an unwitting Manchurian Agent, and the station's command staff learned about it from ISN, which wasn't exactly a reliable source of information at this point. A later story arc centered on the accused character's Redemption Quest.
- Kyoryu Sentai Zyuranger: One of the last filler episodes have the Bandora Gang unleash a monster that impersonates the Zyuranger to cause chaos, and that's enough for the townspeople to turn their backs against the Zyurangers and drive them away, in spite of them spending all the time protecting their kids. Only one grandma did not buy this crap, allowing the Zyuranger a chance to strike back and prove themselves.
- Denji Sentai Megaranger also did this, but as a plot point: A monster attacks their school and exposed themselves as Megarangers. At that point, everyone drove away the Megarangers, it doesn't matter if they're model students like Kouichirou, or a decent genius like Shun, everyone gets driven off. From that point on, the Megarangers' battle elevate from not just saving the world, but also restore their status. They succeed in both.
- House of Anubis: KT, despite having been a loyal Sibuna member and a genuinely nice person up to that point, was easily believed to be The Mole working for Team Evil, mostly because Frobisher-Smythe was her great grandfather. When she tried to truthfully warn them that Patricia was the Sinner, rather than her, it only made things worse, to where they locked her up and stole the key her dead grandfather gave her. She nearly ran away because of it, but she decided she couldn't abandon her friends no matter what.
- In the fourth game of the Ace Attorney series, Phoenix, the hero of the previous game himself, has his reputation sullied and is disbarred by a single piece of fake evidence nobody believes he didn't forge himself, despite his near-perfect record of justice-making. Fans were less than pleased.
- Happens a few times with Sonic the Hedgehog with him being framed by villains for crimes (deliberately or not) and friends or authorities being very quick to blame him (Tails often the exception). In Sonic Adventure 2 he is mistaken for Shadow stealing a Chaos Emerald with the military instantly starting an almost lethal chase after him (granted it was Knight Templar group GUN).
- In the comic series as well Robotnik succeeded in framing him for treachery more than once. Granted these were often very elaborate acts of deception, but surely Sonic's closest friends at the very least should have known better, especially considering they've frequently seen what Robotnik is capable of themselves (and have even been a fellow victim in at least one case).
- The short "Man Of The Year" including in Sonic Jam features Eggman successfully deceiving the public into thinking he's a vandal, by dressing up in a very bad Sonic costume and causing havoc on rollerskates.
- An episode of Sonic X has Eggman convince everyone he has turned good and created a man made form of sunlight after his artificial moon eclipses the sun. When Sonic starts destroying the satellites powering it, the public come in angry mobs to confront Sonic's friends. This turns out to be a Deconstruction however, since Eggman's sunshine globes in fact had brainwashing technology so people worshiped him instead of Sonic. Only Chris and the President's staff genuinely doubted Sonic (though Chris catches himself on this rather quickly).
- Both the Archie comics and an episode of Adventures of Sonic the Hedgehog had a story revolving Robotnik creating a "Pseudo Sonic" (a very clunky, mean looking robot duplicate of Sonic) to pose as the real deal and frame him for crimes. A similar case occurs in an early story in Sonic the Comic.
- In Super Mario Sunshine: Mario is imprisoned and forced to clean up graffiti he didn't create but an Evil Twin of him did. He doesn't get a word to defend himself despite saved a nation a couple times, Princess Peach RULER OF THE MUSHROOM KINGDOM gets her attempted defense overruled, and nobody notices that said doppelganger is completely blue!!
- In fairness, the residents of Isle Delfino didn't seem to be aware of just who Mario was, the liquid blue look could've been seen as a power transformation (and in fact it was, just not of Mario's), and everyone who did know Mario knew full well he was innocent, making it less an example of this trope. What's truly heinous, though, is that the doppelganger's attack came before Mario had even arrived on the island.
- Averted in the Justice League cartoon. At least two episodes have to do with league members being framed for a crime they didn't commit, but in both cases the remaining league members decide to believe their side of the story first.
- Before that, Superman: The Animated Series ends its run (with the "Legacy" episode) with Superman being heavily distrusted by the people of Metropolis because of his stint as a Brainwashed and Crazy soldier of Darkseid, a distrust that is the cornerstone of many people's excuses to be part of the Cadmus Project in Justice League Unlimited (many years afterwards, In-Universe and out).
- Played straight in an episode of Batman: The Brave and the Bold, when an evil Doppelgänger of Batman from an inverted morality Alternate Universe takes advantage of his absence to don Batman's costume and go on a crime spree. Every hero the real Batman runs into says they would never have believed him capable of it were it not for his doppelganger's many public crimes. And of course, the one character who does believe Batman is innocent? The Joker.
- This happens in the The Avengers: Earth's Mightiest Heroes! cartoon. Captain America gets his reputation ruined due to a skrull taking his place. This despite the fact that he's been an upstanding avenger, and the skrull showed many clear uncharacteristic behaviors.
- In the Thomas the Tank Engine episode "Dirty Work/Diesel's Devious Deed" (and The Railway Series story it is based on) Diesel rather easily convinces James, Gordon and Henry that Duck is a bully spreading bad names about them to the trucks. Arguably played deliberately given the trio's trademark arrogance and earlier insisting that Duck would never spread names about Diesel.
- The Transformers
- A two parter in had Megatron convincing Earth, with trivial ease, that the Autobots had really been the villains the whole time. This is after around thirty episodes of the Decepticons not hiding their actions or intentions and the Autobots helping whoever asked.
- In the Stunticons first appearance, they steal an experimental fuel from a military base. The general, seeing self-driving cars, immediately assumes it's the Autobots. He never even thinks they might be new Decepticons, even though they all have Decepticon emblems.
- Totally Spies!, this happened a few times, the reason each time being Jerry jumping to conclusions:
- In "The Fugitives", Jerry wrongly accuses the heroines of bank robbery (it was clones of them) and the much of the two-part episode being pursued by other WHOOP agents under his orders. (His apology when he finds out what actually happened... They don't take it well.)
- In "Return of Geraldine", Clover is framed by the returning villain for several crimes that harm the rest of the main cast (stealing Sam's report and submitting it as hers, stealing Alex's car and trashing it, and stealing classified WOOHP weaponry) and is condemned by all three of them.
- The three protagonists were guilty of this too, in "Spies vs Spies" where they're quick to label Alice, Crimson, and Pam - their older predecessors who have been presumed dead for seven years - are traitors when they find out they're working for an enemy. (Seeing as they themselves tend to be Brainwashed a lot, you'd think they'd have given the older spies the benefit of the doubt. Of course, Jerry firing the three simply so he could rehire his older Spies didn't do much to help the two groups like each other.)
- Possibly happened to recurring villain Tim Scam, a former WHOOP agent and a real traitor. He claimed his grudge against the organization was because “WOOHP never appreciated me for the genius that I am", or so Tim himself claims. (The official reason he was fired was for use of weaponry, but given the other examples, it's very possible.)