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Anime and Manga
- Kenzo Tenma, brain surgeon supreme, is one of these in Monster.
- Lelouch and Nunnally from Code Geass, after the former falsely claims their deaths in the Britannian/Japanese war that resulted in the colonization of the latter, seeking refuge with the Ashfords to avoid being used once again as political pawns by the Britannian Empire. In R2, Nunnally is readopted into the family (as a pawn against Lelouch), and Lelouch is left alone.
- Anak Zahard's mother in Tower of God, a former Princess of Zahard who broke the law by getting pregnant and "uncontrolledly spread the power of Zahard" that way.
- Princess Arika and Princess Theodora of Mahou Sensei Negima! during their time with Ala Rubra, and thanks to later events and revelations revealed after the Ostia Tournament, we could add Arika's son, Negi here as well.
- King Van of Fanelia from The Vision of Escaflowne spends most of the series on the run from the Zaibach empire, who need him so they take control of the Escaflowne themselves. While the royalty of countries like Austuria are at least somewhat sympathetic to his plight, they're not entirely willing to risk their asses by truly granting him refuge.
- In Pandora Hearts, Gil and Oz become these after the former betrays his old master for the latter and the latter is revealed to be a false heir who is deemed too dangerous to be allowed to live.
- Carl La Hire in Toaru Hikuushi e no Koiuta, lost his parents after the Revolution of the Wind. In order to protect himself, the former prince takes on a new identity- Kal-el Albus.
- In The Heroic Legend of Arslan, Prince Arslan and his loyal general Daryun are forced to go on the run after a disastrous battle where the Lusitanian army achieved victory. A good portion of their journey is them trying to find supporters and allies to save Pars while trying to fight off Lusitanian soldiers.
- Mobile Suit Gundam The Origin has Casval and Artesia, the children of Zeon Zum Deikun. After their father died, they were forced to go into hiding on Earth with their family friend, Jimba Ral, when the Zabis tried to take control of them. They were taken in by Don Mass who gave them the names Edward and Sayla. But Edward left Sayla, took the name Char Aznable from the original that he switched identities with when Kycilia Zabi tried to kill him, got enlisted in Zeon's military and later donned the legendary mask which made him recognized as the infamous "Red Comet".
- Many a princess has to flee her Wicked Stepmother or her father who wants to marry her and go into service as a Scullery Maid. These include Joseph Jacobs's "Catskin", "Katie Woodencloak", "Rashin-Coatie", "The Bear", The Brothers Grimm's "All-Kinds-Of-Fur", "The King Who Wished Marry To His Daughter", and "Cap o' Rushes".
- In "The Girl Without Hands", after the miller's daughter marries a king, she is driven out to the wilderness, and has to live there with her baby.
- Similarly with the heroine of "The One-Handed Girl".
- At the conclusion of the Avatar Islands Arc, Empress Mercury is forced to retreat and abandon her holdings, takeing her forces into exile. This has severe political implications, as she is a Keeper with a reputation (possibly the most powerful one on the planet at that point) and the only reason she was forced to retreat is because three Dark Gods teamed up against her.
- Sothe and Micaiah were these in The Tainted Grimoire after they realised that Vaticus Finch was the one who killed their unborn child and was trying to seize power.
- Princess Leia in Star Wars spent years in hiding, running away from the Empire. This is a subverted trope in that she was already a member of the Rebellion before she went into hiding and going to them was logical after being captured at the start of A New Hope, possibly even if Alderaan had not gone kablooey. In fact, that may have been where she was headed even before Vader thought it'd be fun to sack the Tantive IV.
- Her mother and adoptive father also fit this trope by the end of Revenge of the Sith. The Emperor was in control of the Senate, forcing them to go into hiding. Of course, Amidala tragically did not survive long.
- Dr. Kimble - The Fugitive himself, who stops several times to help with medical emergencies, even if it means blowing his cover.
- In the same vein, one of the writers of the Fugitive movie went on to create The Chronicles of Riddick, a franchise about a Noble Fugitive... in SPACE!
- Robin Hood in pretty much any incarnation, possibly excepting the 2010 movie Robin Hood, in which he was a simple commoner pretending to be Locksley.
- In A Brother's Price, Alannon, sort of. He didn't flee on his own accord, but was abducted from the castle when it was under siege. After his family was executed, there was a search for him, but he didn't see a point in revealing his identity, and chose to stay with his kidnappers, who treated him well and catered to his every whim. (They were working for the enemy, but had their own agenda, which was getting a husband. Alannon fit the job description, and might have ended up dead or worse if discovered by their superiors, so they just took him for themselves.)
- In Dragon Blood, Tisala becomes one of those, and flees to Hurog, where it is known that the Hurogmeten (the hero of the story) is not friendly with the king (who, in this case, is the enemy), and powerful enough to keep enemies out of his country.
- Harry, Ron and Hermione become these in the Deathly Hallows. Initially, Harry is the only one of high status, but the longer they are on the run from Voldemort, the more famous all three of them become.
- Subverted with Maladict in the Terry Pratchett novel Monstrous Regiment. When Maladict joins the army, the recruiting officers are wary of what would make a gentleman sign up, and Maladict immediately assures them there isn't a price on his head (before they get round to asking).
- The Silmarillion is full of these. Beren is probably the cleanest-cut example; his father's kingdom gets overrun by Morgoth's army, and he lives off the land rather than leave it, first as part of a group of twelve warriors, then alone after the group gets betrayed. There's also Túrin, Elwing, Eärendil, and probably a bunch of others that I'm forgetting about at the moment.
- Still on Tolkien, The Hobbit features both Thorin and Bard, whose ancestral kingdoms were laid waste by Smaug.
- The princess in Edgar Rice Burroughs's The Master Mind of Mars. Who is also the heroine, Valla Dia, though she tells her story in the third person.
- In The Chessman of Mars, U-Thor, after he questioned his jeddak's injusitce, had to fight his way to freedom and then escape.
- Saukendar (Shoka) in C. J. Cherryh's The Paladin, once teacher and adviser to the boy Emperor, who flees when his friends are framed for treason and lives in exile just beyond the Empire's borders.
- The Scarlet Pimpernel: The de Tournays and the other noble émigrés rescued by the Pimpernel.
- Subverted in Tongues of Fire. The exile, Don Pasquale, is considered by most European governments to be the rightful King of Italy(through arcane and questionably legal justifications) following a socialist revolution which wipes out almost all the nobility. Pasquale was given "refuge" by the Polish government and allowed to set up a court in Warsaw. The only problem is that Don Pasquale is a fish-and-chip shop owner from Glasgow who has never set foot in Italy and whose title is 50 acres of useless land.
- Paul Atreides and his mother in the original Dune seek refuge among the Fremen after the Harkonnens kill his father the Duke Leto. Whom he rallies into an unstoppable army and uses to claim the Golden Lion Throne. In the prequel novels, the entire House Vernius goes renegade after their world of Ix gets invaded by the Tleilaxu with the secret support from Padishah-Emperor Elrood IX and, later, his son Shaddam IV. All but one end up dead before Rhombur Vernius re-takes the planet with the help of the Atreides and receives his father's title of Earl.
- In Sergey Lukyanenko's Seekers of the Sky duology, Junior Prince Marcus, a bastard son of the Possessor, is hunted by the entire State and, later, by the Russian Khanate as well.
- In Robert E. Howard's Conan the Barbarian story "Rogues in the House," Murillo thinks of fleeing to exile but doesn't know if it would be allowed.
- Sort of happens to David in The Bible. He was just a shepherd boy, but was anointed as the king of Israel by the prophet Samuel. Unfortunately, Saul was still the king, and was not very excited about this. David eventually ends up on the run from Saul.
- The Reynard Cycle: The crew of the Quicksilver assumes that Isengrim is one of these. ( He isn't.) In Defender of the Crown, the Princess Larissa becomes one after her mother and brother are murdered.
- A Song of Ice and Fire has lots of examples. Viserys and Daenerys Targaryen became fugitives after their father, King Aerys, was overthrown in a rebellion and they escaped to the Free Cities.
- Arya Stark is on the run to escape the Lannisters while her sister Sansa is held hostage at King's Landing. Ser Dontos Hollard, whose life she saved by asking Joffrey to make him the court jester, organizes to have her spirited away by boat right into the arms of Littlefinger, who helps her escape to The Eyrie.
- When Theon Greyjoy betrays Robb Stark and captures Winterfell in the name of the Iron Islands, he makes Bran proclaim Theon as Winterfell's ruler. When Theon is betrayed by Roose Bolton, Bran, Rickon, Osha, and Hodor escape Bolton's sacking by hiding in the crypts while Theon pretends to kill Bran and Rickon by murdering two other boys who looks like them to "set an example". The rest of Westeros believes them to be dead as they are joined by Jojen and Meera Reed to go North and find the Children of the Forest to help Bran with his greendreams and learn to control his warg abilities.
- Later, Tyrion Lannister, after being accused of killing King Joffrey, kills Tywin Lannister, his father and then runs away to the Free Cities with the help of Varys.
- In the Belisarius Series, Princess/Empress Shakuntala, after she is rescued from Venandakatra the Vile.
- Doremus becomes this at the end of It Can't Happen Here. He returns to America to aid dissidents as part of the resistance against the totalitarian regime. He's constantly on the run because Corpos are hunting him, however.
- In Vorkosigan Saga, Tej and her family are a Jacksons Whole version of this. Aral almost became this earlier in his career. It is also played for laughs in The Vor Game when child-emperor Gregor runs away from The Chains of Commanding.
- Also, in Barrayar, Gregor and his guardians are on the run after a coup.
Live Action TV
- River and Simon Tam in Firefly are a classic example of "seeking shelter among the barbarians and going native."
- When Gene Hunt accidentally shoots Alex Drake in Ashes to Ashes, he hides in Spain for three months to avoid prosecution, though it's not shown on-screen.
- Arthur, after Morgana's power grab in season 3 of Merlin
- And again at the end of season 4.
- Snow White, in Once Upon a Time, due to her past with the Evil Queen in the Fairy World.
- Madam Secretary: Russian Foreign Minister Anton Gorev flees to the UK after he and Secretary McCord attempt to set him up as the successor to the deceased Russian President Pavel Ostrov, but are Out-Gambitted by Maria Ostrova, Ostrov's widow. He dies there courtesy of Ostrova arranging a Bodyguard Betrayal.
Mythology and Legend
- Æneas fleeing after the fall of Troy, as told in the Aeneid.
- Jason in Jason and the Golden Fleece.
- Similarly, Medea after the events of Medea.
- Odysseus sort of runs into this situation; though he isn't directly ousted, his prolonged absence causes his realm to be taken over and plundered by his wife's villainous suitors, and when he finally returns from his various voyages, to reclaim his land he needs to disguise himself as a beggar, gather his allies, and fight a battle against a small army of noblemen.
- Robin Hood, in those stories that make him the Earl of Huntingdon or Robert/Robin of Locksley.
- Regin in the Völsunga saga.
- Legends of Huineng, the Sixth Patriarch of Zen Buddhism, state that after being secretly elevated to the position in the middle of the night by the Fifth Patriarch, he spent sixteen years on the run from disciples of Shenxiu (the head monk who everyone had assumed would become the next patriarch).
- Rocket Age; On Mars there is a plethora of Silthuri, the Martian royal caste, who are on the run after their city-states were overthrown, invaded,they attempted a coup and failed or they were ousted by one. Most Silthuri player characters are fugitives by default.
- Princess Zelda in The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time is forced to go into hiding as a ninja for seven years after Ganondorf takes over her kingdom.
- Many nobles in the Fire Emblem series become disenfranchised and hunted before either joining or forming a massive army to reclaim their kingdoms, starting from the original Marth, and later reflected by supporting Characters in the Tellius universe in Elincia of Crimea and later Sanaki of Begnion.
- Gorath from Betrayal at Krondor, who turns out to have been Delekhan's rival for the throne (though he refused to compete for it) before his exile.
- In Dragon Age: Origins, the Player Character of the human noble origin goes rogue. This is actually because he/she is a Grey Warden, rather than because he/she is the last (known) surviving member of the Cousland family.
- The dwarf noble is in the same situation, having been exiled from the dwarf kingdom for murdering his/her older brother (either having actually done it or having been framed for it by the third sibling, depending on how the player decides to act).
- In the prequel novel The Stolen Throne, Moira Theirin the Rebel Queen is the rightful ruler of Ferelden, whose father was forcibly removed from his throne by an Orlesian usurper. Since then, she has formed a rebellion against the occupation. After she is assassinated, her young son Maric becomes the King-in-exile. There are also several nobles that join the rebellion.
- In Fable III the main character is pretty much this right from the get-go.
- Ramza Beoulve of Final Fantasy Tactics was a member of the noble Beoulve family; as a knight turned mercenary, he eventually defected upon discovering that his brother killed his father and started to orchestrate a rebellion to gain the throne. For the remainder of the game, he remains a fugitive, trying to avoid capture by the kingdom and the Church.
- Princess Sadira of Vanguard Bandits becomes a fugitive of her own Empire after Faulkner usurps it.
- Raphael Sorel of the Soul Series. He first met the little orphan girl Amy when he was on the run and hiding from the authorities. Amy pointed them in the wrong direction since she disliked them. Raphael was so grateful to her that he took her in as a ward and devoted himself to creating a perfect world for her. Then he learned about Soul Edge, believed like every other idiot who ever sought it that it was the answer to his prayers, and things went downhill from there.
- The Princess from A Dance with Rogues is this for the entire game, since she is the last survivor of Betancuria's royal family and thus hunted by the Dhorn Empire's occupying forces.
- In Fire Emblem: Genealogy of the Holy War, Sigurd's army is forced to seek refuge in Silesse after he is framed as a traitor. Meanwhile, Sigurd's father is also forced to go on the run after being framed for the murder of Prince Kurth. Later on, Sigurd is forced to send his own son, Seliph, to Isaach to keep him safe while he tries to clear up the mess. It turns out to be a smart move, since Sigurd ends up being killed after being tricked into thinking his name had been cleared.
- In Blindsprings, Tamaura is the only surviving member of the royal family, spend three hundred years in a magic forest, and after she is "rescued" against her will, she is on the run from the government. The conflict is mainly between the "orphic" magic users, and the humans who use man-made magic. Tamaura is one of the orphic ones, who once ruled the country, but are now oppressed by the users of man-made magic.
- In Erstwhile, the adaptation of the fairytale of All Fur. The heroine runs away from her father, a king, who plans to marry her.
- Windswept Questant/White Queen of Homestuck. She driven away from Prospit after Jack Noir attacks and becomes an Exile.
- Snowman is also later revealed to be the former Black Queen of the Trolls' session, and joined The Felt after Spades Slick (along with the help of the Troll players) ousted her during the game.
- Prince Alfon in Birthright was sent to another country after his homeland of Shartoa was invaded by the Tosiu. Ten years later he returned to start a populist revolution.
- Prince Ebin of Ebin and May fled to the neighboring kingdom of Sirius with his loyal bodyguards and commoner girlfriend when the Flineous Empire invaded his home.
- In Evon Hero had to leave home after his mother was assassinated by a rival lord and he took his revenge by slaying the bastard and his cronies, without a formal declaration of war. But due to the Pridelands' labyrinthine legal code for nobles he suffered no legal consequences because he ran before anyone could press charges. He could have returned at any time after that, he just didn't want to.
- Bonny Prince Charlie. When he was beaten at the Battle of Culloden, he was on the run from English forces for some time before escaping to France. During his flight a £30,000 bounty, a veritable fortune, was offered for his capture, and though many certainly had the opportunity (as he received aid from a number of supporters while a fugitive), none betrayed him.
We watched thee in the gloamin hour
We watched thee in the mornin grey
Though thirty thousand pounds they gie,
Oh, there is nane that would betray!
- Mary Queen of Scots.
- Oh heck, the whole Stuart family.
- White Russian exiles from the Russian Civil War played a part in politics in the 1930s and 1940's. Many were merely mercenaries or spies, but the most notable of them was Field Marshal Mannerheim. While not all of these were hunted some were, or had reason to fear that they were.
- Almost every European head of state in World War II.
- Robert The Bruce.
- Harald Hadrada. He had to flee Norway after his brother, the king, was killed in battle. After some time in Russia, he worked as a mercenary for the Byzantine Emperor, soon becoming a commander. After learning that his nephew had taken control of the country, he used his newfound wealth to raise an army and force his nephew to accept him as co-ruler. A couple years later, the nephew died, leaving him sole ruler.
- Henry Tudor spent almost all of his early life as either a fugitive or a glorified hostage, being the House of Lancaster's one last hope of returning to power after the rest of the line was exterminated.
- Abd al-Rahman I, Sole Survivor of the Ummayad family when it was massacred by the Abbasids in 750, fled in hot pursuit from Syria to Spain where he founded the Caliphate of Cordoba. He was at first accompanied by his brother Yahiya, who was caught by the Abbasids while trying to cross the Euphrates, and beheaded within sight of Abd al-Rahman.
- A good chunk of the French nobility emigrated during The French Revolution (and those who didn't were even more likely to meet the guillotine). Many of them fought against Revolutionary France, whether in employ of other powers such as Russia and Austria or within the Armée des Princes.
- 120 or so years later, the Russian Revolution led to large numbers of Russian nobles fleeing all over the world. France (especially Paris) and England (especially London) were common destinations, but these emigres ended up pretty much everywhere in the world that wasn't Russia (for instance, a lot of them ended up in Shanghai).
- Exile was a common punishment for higher-ranked individuals in Ancient Greece. Often, a disgraced individual would willingly choose exile for a stipulated period of years to wait for the feelings against him to die down and/or rally his own forces for a comeback.
- Charles XII of Sweden spent 1707-1714 in exile in the Ottoman Empire, where he became known as 'Fixed Asset Charles' due to expenditures on his court being a regular item in the Empire's budget. Originally welcomed by the Turks, his lavish expenditures and tendency to drag the Empire into Sweden's fights with Russia and Poland eventually got him shown the door.