- A Round of Drinks for the House: Throws a lavish six-month party for all his subjects (especially the upper classes) in celebration of his victory.
- Disproportionate Retribution: Vashti refusing to appear before his guests results in him kicking her out of the place and issuing an edict declaring that the father is the head of the family and the one whose language should be learned by his children.
- To be fair, that was because he caved to pressure from his advisors. On the other hand, it's not like he had to make that choice.
- Drunk with Power: He's all to eager to throw his weight around.
- Forgot I Could Change the Rules: Averted. Once a rule is put into the law of the Medes and Persians, the king can not change it.
- Historical-Domain Character: Either Xerxes I or Artaxerxes II.
- Idiot Ball: Because he trusts Haman so much, he doesn't even bother to check which race he's being asked to wipe out. Maybe genocide was common for him?
- Slave to PR: Relies quite heavily on his advisors...which isn't always a good thing.
- Toilet Seat Divorce: Divorces Vashti because she refused to make an appearance (possibly a naked appearance) at his banquet.
- What Have I Done: Regrets sending Vashti away, but once a Royal Decree was made in Ancient Persia, there was no taking it back.
"And the king ordered his wife Vashti to appear before his guests wearing her crown, that he might display her beauty before them, but she came not."
- Beauty Is Bad: Viewed by some as defiant and haughty
- Foil: To Esther
- Ms. Fanservice: Averted; her husband asked her to come to his banquet to show her off, but she refused
- Put on a Bus
- Romantic False Lead
- What Happened to the Mouse?: After she is banished from the empire, she is never mentioned again, and it is not known what happened to her.
- World's Most Beautiful Woman: So beautiful that her husband wants to show her off.
- You Can Leave Your Hat On: One interpretation of her refusal to come to the party wearing her royal crown is that it was actually a request to wear only her crown.
"I will go to the king, even if it is forbidden. And if I perish, I perish"
- Beauty Equals Goodness
- Guile Heroine: Used her wits and good looks to save the Jews from Haman.
- Hot Consort
- Hello, Nurse!: And how.
- Informed Judaism: Her Jewishness is a major plot point, but she apparently passed as a non-Jew well enough that her own husband was surprised to find out her nationality.
- Morality Pet: Becomes this to Xerxes.
- Never a Self-Made Woman: Saves her people through her husband, the king.
- Plucky Girl
- Rags to Riches
- Second Love: To Ahasuerus/Xerxes, the king
- Self-Made Man: Manages to be quite successful even with a lack of miracles backing her up. Often used to drive home the point "God only helps when needed"
- Stellar Name: Her name means "star".
- Suddenly Ethnicity: The audience knows she's Jewish all along, but she manages to keep her ethnicity secret so it comes as a surprise to her own husband.
- Time Skip: Esther's crowning was delayed by 4 years possibly because Xerxes was fighting those pesky Greeks.
- World's Most Beautiful Woman: She was chosen as queen because she was regarded as the most beautiful woman in the Persian Empire. (Which did, in fact, stretch across much of the known world at that time.)
- Yamato Nadeshiko
"See how the king rewards a man he wishes to honor!"
- Dude, Where's My Reward?: It takes several years for him to get rewarded for saving the king's life.
- Defiant to the End: He refuses to kneel before Haman, even under threat of death.
- Old Master: To Esther.
- Parental Substitute: He took care of Esther after her parents died when she was a little girl.
"Who else would the king honor aside from me?"
- Biblical Bad Guy: One of the very baddest, for being the first to propose a Final Solution against the Jews.
- Big Bad: His plan to exterminate the Jewish race drives the plot and Esther's decisions.
- Death by Irony / Hoist by His Own Petard: Hanged on his own gallows that were built for Mordechai.
- Disproportionate Retribution: Tried to have Mordechai hanged and the entire Hebrew race exterminated just because one Jew refused to bow to him.
- Evil Chancellor
- Humiliation Conga: Haman's comeuppance is a fairly epic one. First he has to give an elaborate parade to publicly honor his hated rival Mordechai, due to a misunderstanding where Haman was expecting himself to be the honoree. Then his fancy dinner with the king and queen turns out to be a trap to expose him as the villain. Then when he tries to plead for his life, the king assumes he's trying to assault the queen. He winds up literally Hoist by His Own Petard on the gallows he built for Mordechai. You almost feel sorry for the guy. Almost.
- Laser-Guided Karma: At the very same meeting when he tries to ask for Mordechai's death, he ends up accidentally telling the king to lavishly reward him and give him a parade in his honor. Haman ends up traveling through the city singing of Mordechai's heroism through his gritted teeth.
- Kneel Before Zod: He is completely furious that Mordechai, being a Jew, doesn't bow to him.
- Nice Job Fixing It, Villain: Haman's attempt at getting a death warrant for Mordechai becomes the occasion for giving Mordechai a long-overdue celebration for saving the king's life, much to Haman's dismay.
- Oh Crap!: Upon realizing that his queen (Esther) is one of the very people he plans to have massacred, right when she outs him to the king.
- Pride: As shown in the above quote. It backfires badly on him in a meeting where the king says he wants to lavishly reward someone for their services to him. Haman assumes the king is talking about him and suggests the reward of a parade celebrating their heroism... only to find to his horror the king is actually talking about his hated rival Mordechai.
- Smug Snake
- Un-Person: During ancient celebrations of Purim, people would bring stones or slabs of wood with Haman's name on them. When he is mentioned the audience would use chisels and hammers to deface his name.
- This is also ostensibly the reason that, in modern celebrations of Purim, Audience Participation responds to his name with boos and jeers and loud noisemakers.
- Villainous Breakdown: Cried to his wife when he found out Mordechai was to be honored for uncovering a conspiracy years before.
- He also spent his last moments begging Esther for mercy. It causes the king to think he's assaulting her.