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Web Video: Feminist Frequency

Feminist Frequency is a web series created by Anita Sarkeesian to analyze pop culture from a feminist perspective. The point of the series is to point out female character archetypes, mostly negative criticism towards what she regards as the Unfortunate Implications that ensue from various shows and movies. Part of her stated goal is to educate people on feminist theories using pop culture to communicate basic concepts. In addition to covering individual subjects and top best/worst lists, there is a six-part mini-series on "Tropes V.S. Women" and an in progress mini-series on "Tropes V.S. Women in Video Games" which is planned to have 12 parts when completed. Both works just so happen to use this very site as inspiration.

A fundraiser for her videos turned out highly successful due to media attention on an associated harassment campaign. Feminist Frequency was later turned into an official not-for-profit organization. Though started and run by Anita Sarkeesian, Feminist Frequency as a project is technically a group effort. Another contributor is Jonathan McIntosh, credited as a producer. The other members of the project choose to remain anonymous.

Feminist Frequency has earned some rather... controversial reactions, so please please please observe the Rule of Cautious Editing Judgement.

Tropes discussed in the series:

  • The Bechdel Test: She suggests an addendum to it that interactions between women should amount to more than a minute of screen time, to clear up debate over cases where there are only one or two sentences. She also points out a corollary for the portrayal of people of color in films, where two or more of them talk to each other about something other than a white person.
  • Each of the "Tropes V.S. Women" episodes focuses on a particular trope she considers to be negative:
  • The Tropes Vs Women in Video Games has started being released:
    • The first three are about the Damsel in Distress.
      • The first focuses on the definition (a woman rendered completely helpless so the hero can rescue her) and the history of the trope from some of its earliest incarnations up to the year 2000.
      • The second focuses on more modern games and the trope's combination with other tropes for a Darker and Edgier twist. Murdering the hero's wife and forcing him to rescue his daughter combines the Damsel in Distress with Stuffed into the Fridge. Some combine the two (called by Sarkeesian, "Damsel In The Fridge") by getting the hero to rescue the murdered wife's soul (usually from hell), and some have the twist of getting the hero to murder her himself at the end of the game to rescue her from mutilation or just to get at the villain, sometimes with her begging to be freed (combining it with Mercy Kill, called by Sarkeesian "Euthanized Damsel"). She then places the games' violence against women in the context of reality, focusing on the fact that the final combination rationalizes violence against a woman for her own good and the fact that this is a rationalization often used in abusive relationships.
      • The third is about role reversal and the differences of the Distressed Dude from the Damsel in Distress. In it, she also discusses the continued use of the Damsel in Distress, portrayal of ironic sexism in indie and mobile games, and the distinction between subversion of the trope as opposed to parodies of the trope.
    • The fourth is about the "Ms Male Character" trope, a subtype of Distaff Counterpart, with digressions into the Smurfette Principle and Tertiary Sexual Characteristics.
    • The fifth and sixth are about the "Woman as Background Decoration" trope, referring to non-playable character Fanservice that caters to the Male Gaze and the related Video Game Cruelty Potential. The second part of this also references the tendency for Drop Dead Gorgeous to focus on female characters (particularly in marketing materials), while men have a much wider variety of death scenes that don't center around their sexuality. It also refers to Would Hit a Girl in cases where a female character is introduced purely for an evil male character to beat up to prove how evil he is.
  • Most Writers Are Male: Discussed most of the time.

Works specifically discussed in the series:

Comic Books

Film
  • True Grit: She likes Mattie as a smart young woman but argues against other feminists calling it feminist because Mattie promotes masculine violence instead of feminine cooperation.
  • Sucker Punch: She calls it a "steaming pile of sexist crap."

Literature
  • Twilight: Unsurprisingly, she finds it to be awful. Although in her video about it, she discusses how male viewers often hate Edward for the wrong reasons.
  • The Hunger Games: She likes the first book for its portrayal of Katniss as the strong, reluctant warrior but finds the premise unrealistic. She considers the later books to pointlessly distort the story into a Twilight-esque romantic Will they? Won't they? and simplify the Katniss character into sexist cliche. She likes the film adaptation but finds the Race Lift casting racist.

Live-Action TV
  • Veronica Mars: Praised it for interpreting women (the main character specially) for being tech-savvy and the use of non-violent conflict resolution. Panned the third season for literally villainising feminists.
  • Buffy the Vampire Slayer: Although she hasn't discussed the show in an episode, she has mentioned it often as one of her favorite shows and characters. She has also published one dissertation in which she compares Buffy to Bella Swan.
  • Dollhouse: She considers it misogynistic because the Villain Protagonists are sympathetic at the same time they do horrible things to women.
  • The Sarah Connor Chronicles: She considers it wonderfully feminist for presenting a strong, independent single mom and for having a lot of character development.
  • True Blood: She finds it sexist for promoting female dependence to alpha male types represented by the murderous raping vampires.
  • Mad Men: She considers it sexist and doesn't buy that presenting retro sexism to make us laugh at the 1960s removes the element of sexism and thinks that it ultimately serves to make sexism be perceived as acceptable.
  • Dexter: She doesn't like having a crazy serial-killing man as a part of popular entertainment.
  • Bones: As with above, she doesn't like it for having crazy serial-killing men as a part of popular entertainment. She describes it as sexist but doesn't go into why.
  • CSI: New York: As with above, she doesn't like it for having crazy serial-killing men as a part of popular entertainment.
  • Firefly: She considers Zoe an anti-feminist character because the character contributes to a society honoring the masculine and not the feminine because Zoe is so traditionally masculine she could just be played by a male actor.

Music
  • Kanye West: She calls the music video for "Monster" misogynistic for fetishizing dead women.
  • Justin Bieber: She sees his version of "All I Want For Christmas Is You" as about a Stalker with a Crush and thus creepy.

Video Games
  • Bayonetta: She describes its Fanservice pandering to the Male Gaze as misogynistic, and she especially doesn't like its marketing in Japan, where people in the subway were encouraged to take flyers covering up a wall-sized poster of the protagonist in order to undress her.
  • Star Fox Adventures: She presents its original version Dinosaur Planet as a feminist game made sexist when turned into a Dolled-Up Installment for the Star Fox series.

Web Original

Western Animation


Tropes invoked during the series:

  • Accentuate the Negative: Largely focuses on what she finds sexist in the media.
  • Actual Pacifist: Her continuous praise of non-violent resolutions in media suggests that she is this. She believes that traditional masculinity is conflated with violence, and speaks out against toxic masculinity in her videos and on Twitter.
  • And That's Terrible: She argues that Hollywood "should feel really guilty right now" about using the Mystical Pregnancy trope.
  • Black and White Morality:
    • Anita tends to dislike moral ambiguity within media; in her review of the Hunger Games series, she uses the presence of hecklers at the movie showing she attended to illustrate her belief that a piece of media which could be resistantly read, aberrantly decoded, or mocked by a potential viewer has a Broken Aesop by default.
    • Her points against Dollhouse seem to indicate that she believes that characters who perform violence against women should be completely evil and unsympathetic. For instance, she finds the character Topher offensive for being funny and likable at the same time he apathetically victimizes women through his job at the Dollhouse. She criticizes (season 1) Boyd for continuing to work at the Dollhouse even though he seems to understand its problematic nature. In general, she criticizes the show for taking place from the perspective of sympathetic villains.
    • By the time she uploaded "Women as Background Decoration: Part 2," however, she seems to have changed her mind. She explicitly calls out video games which use violence against women to paint them as evil:
    So when games casually use sexualized violence as a ham-fisted form of character development for the bad guys, it reinforces a popular misconception about gendered violence by framing it as something abnormal; as a cruelty committed by only the most transparently evil strangers. In reality, however, violence against women, and sexual violence in particular, is a common every day occurrence, often perpetrated by "normal men" known and trusted by those targeted.
  • But Not Too Evil: Anita doesn't care much whether it's the good guys or the bad guys who are being sexist.
  • Epileptic Flashing Lights: "Women As Background Decoration Part 1" shows the Duke Nukem 3D strip club scene and the attract mode from Rave Racer, both which uses a hefty amount of strobe lighting.
  • Iconic Outfit: Nearly all fan and parody art will show her wearing a pink plaid shirt, hoop earrings, and a ponytail.
  • Men Use Violence, Women Use Communication: Discussed in her videos for True Grit and Veronica Mars.
  • Not So Different: Many of her supporters point out that the tropes she criticizes in video games are also complaints levied by gamers. It's not quite the same since the gamers may criticisize things from the perspective of a specific franchise while Sarkeesian criticises it as part of a wider context. Some gamers (such as Moviebob himself) clearly agree with her critique on this point.
    Moviebob: It's okay if we say Princess Peach has been kidnapped too many damn times, but if a feminist says it, she's coming to take your balls away!
  • Sarcasm Mode: In the latter part of the Tropes Vs. Women videos.
  • Viewers Are Morons: Sometimes justified in that her videos are intended to be accessible to children as well as adults and to be played in classrooms, as well as predominant criticism indicating an ignorance of basic discussed concepts.
    • In the first Tropes vs Women in Video Games video, about a minute is spent describing to the audience what a Damsel in Distress is, even though the trope is very well-known.


Limyaael's Fantasy RantsBooks on TropeFenimore Cooper's Literary Offences
Fear Of GirlsWeb VideoFilm Riot

alternative title(s): Feminist Frequency
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