People who create music. More specifically, people who put extremely careful craftsmanship into their music. These aren't just artists that "jam out" their songs. These are artists who usually use sheet music, or at the very least computer software to plan out their music.
Baroque (1600-1760)

Classical (1730-1820)

Romantic (1815-1910)

Impressionist (1880s-1920s)

Verismo (1880s-1920s)

Atonal and Avante Garde
  • Milton Babbitt: took serialism to the next level with total serialism. Also one of the earliest electronic music composers.
  • Béla Bartók: focused on folk music instead of traditional tonality.
  • John Cage. Everything Is an Instrument meets True Art Is Incomprehensible. In a good way. Also known for chance music and indeterminacy.
  • Philip Glass, composer of the score for The Thin Blue Line, Koyaanisqatsi, and the Stephen Hawking biopic A Brief History of Time (not related to the book of the same name), and an accomplished composer in his own right, besides, Glass is also notable for collaborating with Mickey Hart (drummer from The Grateful Dead) on the intro music for the Opening Ceremony at the 1996 Summer Olympic Games, a work named "Call to the Nations". Also known for minimalism.
  • Charles Ives: Wrote experimental music using vernacular music and also did a lot of Church music. He was a fan of polytonality and manly dissonance.
  • Steve Reich: one of the biggest names in minimalism. He is an influence for all sorts of things, even the music to Gradius.
  • Arnold Schoenberg: invented twelve tone serialism. One off the first people in the atonal genre and the spring board for the later total serialism.

Neotonality and Neoclassicism
  • Samuel Barber: wrote "Adagio for Strings".
  • Aaron Copland: Mentioned in a few spots on the Wiki. Fanfare For the Common Man is Crowning Music of Awesome in distilled form, but he's probably most famous for Rodeo which you've almost certainty heard, either in a western or in the background while someone told you what Beef is for, and while he didn't compose the melody, he did immortalize the Shaker hymn "Simple Gifts" in his ballet Appalachian Spring.
  • Gustav Holst: Born in England to Swedish parents, his suite "The Planets" has been an inspiration to composers for generations. If you've ever watched a movie, you've heard his influence.
  • Olivier Messiaen: "The most important French composer of born in the twentieth century." Wrote a lot of church music.
  • Sergey Prokofiev: Wrote "Peter and the Wolf." Also known for his piano works, motor rhythms, and dissonance.
  • Dmitri Shostakovich: one of the composers who struggled under the Soviet Union. He was criticized, even censured, but was still able to express what was "inexpressible" through his music.
  • Richard Strauss: Wrote symphonies, operas (the most famous being Salome), and the tone poem Also sprach Zarathustra.
  • Igor Stravinsky: Wrote "The Rite of Spring" which caused a riot. Known as the composer who wouldn't die (lived 1882 to 1971). Also wrote Firebird and Petrushka.

Broadway Musicals
  • Irving Berlin: Wrote many songs including "God Bless America," "White Christmas," and "Alexander's Ragtime Band."
  • Jerry Brock: Known for the musical Fiddler on the Roof and the Pulitzer winning Fiorello.
  • George Gershwin: "Rhapsody in Blue" is his most famous work. Also did Porgy and Bess and An American in Paris. He wrote the music while his brother Ira wrote the lyrics.
  • Oscar Hammerstein II: Wrote many songs for musicals, including Showboat, The Sound of Music, Oklahamo!, and The King and I.
  • Lorenz Hart: Wrote most of the lyrics to music by Richard Rodgers.
  • Jerome Kern: Wrote the musical Showboat. Also did Hollywood musicals later on.
  • Tim Rice: Wrote lyrics to many musicals by Andrew Lloyd Webber. Also worked on many animated musicals, such as Aladdin and The Lion King.
  • Richard Rodgers: Worked closely with Oscar Hammerstein II and Lorenz Hart. Won every music award available (Emmy, Grammy, Oscar, Tony, and even the Pulitzer).
  • Stephen Sondheim: A prolific composer of Broadway musicals, such as West Side Story.
  • Andrew Lloyd Webber: British composer of worldwide hit musicals including Cats and The Phantom of the Opera.

Filmscore Composers


Video Games