P. D. Q. Bach is a fairly obscure member of the Bach family (being the last, least, and certainly oddest of Johann Sebastian Bach's 20-odd children) who lived from 1807-1742(?). As with much of his family, he began a career as a musician; unlike much of his family, he was both Giftedly Bad and extremely prolific. After his death he was promptly forgotten by history, and most of his compositions were suppressed by the Bachs to protect the family name; what we do know of him is primarily the work of one Professor Peter Schickele of the University of Southern North Dakota at Hoople. Schickele has spent much of his career not only researching the life of this obscure historical figure, but also discovering his works and performing them for modern audiences....Okay, fine, you got us: P. D. Q. Bach never existed. Schickele made him up as a disguise for his own compositions, which are parodies of typical classical conventions and compositions. The results, though of questionable merit on purely musical terms, are unconventional, eclectic and quite popular on the comedy circuit, performed anywhere from high school campuses to the Boston Pops, long-time seat of famed composer John Williams.
PDQ's work provides examples of the following tropes:
- Affectionate Parody
- All There in the Manual: The Definitive Biography of P.D.Q. Bach provides the backstory.
- Anachronism Stew
- Anti Christmas Carol: Throw the Yule Log On, Uncle John is about the one drunk relative who always shows up to ruin Christmas dinner, in addition to gleefully abusing the comma for fun and profit.Ten o'clock on Christmas morn and all the guests are coming to the door
Ten o'clock on Christmas morn and Uncle John's already on the floor
Though the weather's bitter cold there's not a frown to mar the festive mood
Wait till they discover that old Uncle John has eaten all the food!
- Anti-Love Song: My Bonny Lass She Smelleth, My Jane, "The Queen to Me a Royal Pain doth Give", and many many others.
- Bigfoot, Sasquatch and Yeti: Oedipus Tex casts a Bigfoot as the Sphinx.
- Bilingual Bonus: The titles of P.D.Q.'s pieces have meanings obfuscated by translation into pseudo-musical Italian, pseudo-Lutheran German or pseudo-ecclesiastical Latin:
- "Come un pipistrello fuori dall' inferno" (finale of the "Howdy" Symphony) = "Like a Bat out of Hell"
- "Ave Maria et Agnus Dei" (from the "Little Pickle Book"), literally "Hail Mary and the Lamb of God," actually sounds like "Mary Had a Little Lamb."
- "Fräulein Maria Mack" (also from the "Little Pickle Book") is none other than the Playground Song "Miss Mary Mack."
- Black Forest Bluegrass uses German lyrics to express idiomatic English:Blauer Gras und grüne Himmel / Sag mir, wo zum Teufel bin ich?Blue grass and green sky / Tell me, where the hell am I?
- One piece ends with a German "Shave And A Haircut", but the last phrase is "two please" ("zwei bitte"), which sounds like "two bits" to someone who speaks both languages.
- Bizarre Instrument: The works of P.D.Q. Bach often require the use of unconventional instruments, like the "tromboon" (Trombone with a bassoon reed).
- Or the "lasso de amore" (a flexible tube which is swung by one end, creating sound by air passing across the opposite open end, like blowing across the mouth of a bottle).
- He also uses standard instruments in bizarre ways. For example, in one concert Prof Schickele was seen to tuck the bow of a violin under his chin and move the violin back and forth across it. Later that evening he also played the violin as if it was a banjo.
- Boastful Rap: in "Classical Rap": "I'm the apex, I'm the best. I'm considerably better than all the rest."
- The Comically Serious: any musician performing P.D.Q.'s works.
- Content Warnings: Parodied on the cover of ''Oedipus Tex & Other Choral Calamities":Warning! Contains "Classical Rap"Pathetic Advisory: Inane Lyrics
- Dirty Old Man: Can be implied by some of the titles of P.D.Q.'s works, such as Pervertimento, Serenude, and The Erotica Variations.
- El Spanish "-o": The "Howdy" Symphony has a movement marked "allegro con mucho brio," meaning "lively, with lots of French cheese."
- Everything's Louder with Bagpipes
- Everything Is an Instrument: A dog toy with a wind-up aspect that changed its pitch depending on how fast you pulled on it was once used as a major part of one musical piece. Other instruments have included plumbing parts, foghorns, balloons, a bicycle, the Polizeiposaune (a trombone with a siren stuck in the bell), the Pümpenflötte (a flute connected to a bicycle pump), the "Hardart" (a percussion instrument where every note was made by a wildly different object, from bicycle bells to rubber duckies to toy hoot-owls that raise their wings when you blow on them), and so on and so forth.
- Eye Scream: Played for Laughs(!) in Oedipus Tex: "As soon as Oedipus put out his eyes, he kind of wished he hadn't."
- Exactly What It Says on the Tin: Schickele's definitive biography of P.D.Q. Bach is titled "The Definitive Biography of P.D.Q. Bach".
- Fake Radio Show Album: Report from Hoople: P.D.Q. Bach on the Air and WTWP Classical Talkity-Talk Radio.
- Falling Chandelier of Doom: In the intro to the "Minuet Militaire".
- Feghoot: "So This Guy," the last movement of the "Knock Knock Cantata," offers one of these. There's also a sketch on the 1712 Overture CD that turns out to be a long build-up to the punchline, "I've just always wanted to give Burt Bach a rock."
- Oedipus Tex is a half-hour set up to deliver The Eyes of Texas as the punchline.
- Foregone Conclusion: Since Oedipus Tex is Oedipus Rex IN THE WILD WEST, it's pretty clear what's gonna happen, and the opening Greek Chorus figuratively and literally spells it all out.
- For Inconvenience, Press "1": The track introductions from the album Two Pianos Are Better than One start out as a telephone menu, but get progressively more surreal:If you wish to hear this work as the composer wrote it, press 1.
If you wish to hear it sung by Spanish monks who live in an isolated monastery called Our Lady of How to Package and Market Recordings, press 2.
If you wish to hear it performed by members of the Bolshoi Capitalist Ensemble, press 3.
If you wish to hear it played by caffeine addicts who bring it a good two minutes under the next longest performance, press 4.
- Giftedly Bad
- Gratuitous French: Octoot uses French for its movement headings, mainly so that it can use "tout" or "toute" as often as poosible.
- Hook Hand
- Hollywood Tone-Deaf: Inverted. The music itself is completely ridiculous, but is always performed by professional classical musicians and opera singers who play it totally straight.
- I Have No Son: In-universe, P.D.Q. dates are officially listed as "1807-1742?", so that the rest of the Bach family can deny that Johann Sebastian (died 1750) could possibly be his father.
- Incredibly Long Note: Parodied at one point in Oedipus Tex, when the soprano runs out of air and has to catch her breath, getting called out on it by the mezzo.
- Incredibly Lame Pun: Far too often, but worth particular mention is the "Knock Knock Cantata."
- I Shall Taunt You: "The Echo Sonata for Two Unfriendly Groups of Instruments", in which the brass section sits in a balcony and does everything it can to screw with the woodwinds, such as ignoring their cue and playing "Nanny Nanny Boo-Boo."
- Large Ham Announcer: "New Horizons in Music Appreciation," Beethoven's Fifth Symphony with football-style color commentary."The crowd is getting very excited. The brasses have come in and the tympani and everybody, and it's extremely exciting! I think we're building up to a fugue!"
- Last-Second Word Swap: "The Art of the Ground Round":Nelly is a nice girl, but Hannah is a (w)hor-rrible prude
Paul is a policeman, but Peter is a pimp-ly and rude young man
- Morality Ballad
- Medium Awareness
- Mundane Made Awesome: One of the pieces that Schickele himself admits to writing on these albums is Bach Portrait, essentially parody of Aaron Copland's Lincoln Portrait. Like the original, it is a piece of orchestra music interspersed with quotations of J.S. Bach's writings...except the quotations are from letters in which Bach is complaining that he's not getting paid enough, or that a cask of wine he bought was damaged in shipping, among other completely banal topics.
- Musical Gag
- Musicalis Interruptus
- My Friends... and Zoidberg: Report From Hoople, the fictitious campus radio broadcast on the third album, was "a program of fine music - and P.D.Q. Bach."
- Overly Long Gag: Happens often in his music. For example, during the climax of the 1712 Overture (obviously a parody of Tchaikovsky's 1812 Overture, the exact same chord is repeated 21 times before the orchestra stops to take a breath and continue.
- Overly Narrow Superlative: Some program notes for the Pervertimento note that, since its discovery "...P. D. Q. Bach must be considered history's greatest late eighteenth-century Southern German composer of multi-movement works for bagpipes and chamber orchestra."
- Overly Prepared Gag: "Please, Kind Sir"
- Parody Names
- Piss-Take Rap: "Classical Rap" describes the hardships of life in the city... on the affluent Upper West Side.
- Product Placement: "Tragedy, Tragedy! (Drink Pepsi!) Tragedy, Tragedy!"
- Read the Fine Print: In the biography, P.D.Q Bach is said to have signed a contract promising him a stipend of five shillings, in exchange for which he agrees to "perform the duties incumbent upon the Organist of the Chapel if I feel like it." According to Schickele, this shows that P.D.Q. was not only a musical innovator, but also the first person to use fine print in a contract.
- Reference Overdosed: It's quite impressive how many later composers P.D.Q. was able to plagiarize from. Schickele usually "explains" this by suggesting that they were really plagiarizing from P.D.Q. Bach, knowing no one would ever call them on it. In the case of the "Erotica" variations lifting their theme from Beethoven's "Eroica" symphony, he claims that P.D.Q. was following the principle: "If you have to steal, steal from a composer who's deaf."
- Rock Me, Amadeus!: P.D.Q. essentially made his whole career from this shtick.
- Same Face, Different Name: Many P.D.Q. Bach albums include pieces composed under Peter Schickele's name. Though Schickele has written some more serious works, these pieces tend to be even more Reference Overdosed than P.D.Q.'s works.
- Shave And A Haircut
- Sincerest Form of Flattery: Prof. Schickele has acknowledged his indebtedness to Spike Jones in writing music with comedic elements and goofy sounds.
- So Bad, It's Good: invoked.
- Sophisticated as Hell: Much of the humor comes from bawdy jokes and "low culture" musical references performed by deadpan performers in a stuffy concert setting.
- Spoof Aesop: The moral of Oedipus Tex is that bestiality is preferable over Parental Incest.
- Take That!: Zig-zagged in a typically unique fashion, in the third album, P.D.Q. Bach on the Air. Schickele snubs Beethoven at one point. The next portion of the show is interrupted when The Eroica Symphony suddenly starts playing and gives Schickele a beat-down, after which he admits that "some of his Country Dances are very nice pieces."
- Translate The Loan Words Too: The lyrics for "La Pucelle de New Orleans" supposedly include the line, "Hinky dinky do you speak."
- Truck Driver's Gear Change: "Song to Celia" (a parody of Ben Johnson's eponymous poem and the song based on it, "Drink to Me Only with Thine Eyes"), has a none-too-steady chorus attempting modulations in various places and picking fights over the key with the accompanist. The last verse modulates 6 times, 4 of them on a single syllable, and the last 2 painfully scooped down and up.
- P.D.Q. Bach apparently had a taste for these, only moving one step down instead of up.
- Viewers Are Geniuses: The more you know about Classical Music, the funnier you'll find the jokes.
- Visual Pun: The iconic poster for the 1980 Music You Can't Get Out of Your Head concert (shown above), the cover of The Wurst of P.D.Q. Bach, and others.
- Wanton Cruelty to the Common Comma: an entire song built around this: by moving the pause / comma around in the phrase, Throw the Yule Log On, Uncle John becomes "Throw the Yule log on Uncle John."
- Westminster Chimes: The Fugue in A Major from "The Short-Tempered Clavier" uses this complete with twelve o'clock chime.
- Woolseyism: In-universe, the explanation for the lyrics to "Classical Rap".