Music: Giuseppe Verdi
Giuseppe Verdi (10 October 1813 –- 27 January 1901) (or Joe Green, if you like) was an Italian composer and perhaps the biggest name in Romantic era Italian opera.He is mentioned as being dead in the song "Decomposing Composers" by Michael Palin sang on Monty Python's Monty Pythons Contractual Obligation Album.
His operas include:
- Aïda (known for the Triumphal March)
- remade as the Elton John musical Aida in modern times
- Un Ballo In Maschera
- Don Carlo
- Falstaff (based on William Shakespeare's The Merry Wives of Windsor)
- La Forza Del Destino
- Luisa Miller (based on Intrigue and Love)
- Otello (someone was a Shakespeare fanboy)
- Rigoletto (source of "La donna e mobile", a tune synonymous with opera for even non-fans)
- Simon Boccanegra
- La Traviata (based on La Dame aux camelias by the younger Alexandre Dumas. It has Il Brindisi aka the Drinking Song and Sempre libera)
- Il Trovatore (the Anvil Chorus and "Di quella pira")
- I Vespri Siciliani
Tropes associated to Verdi's works:
- Author Appeal
- Badass Baritone: Some of the most famous baritone roles come from here. Sparafucile from Rigoletto comes to mind.
- Banned in China / Americans Hate Tingle: Even with its locale changed to Boston, Un Ballo in Maschera was never performed in Sweden until the 1920's. When it was performed there, the Swedish derided it as historically inaccurate.
- Bowdlerization: Un ballo in maschera and Rigoletto had to be re-written to mask the similarities to a real life royal murder and some plays inspired on it (Ballo) and a play by Victor Hugo (Rigoletto)
- Broken Bird: More than one of his female leads, like Violetta from La Traviata or Aïda.
- Deus Angst Machina
- Driven to Suicide - Spurned Into Suicide - The Uriah Gambit: Many causes of death in his operas.
- Executive Meddling: The censors gave Verdi a hell of a time with many of his operas Most obvious with Gustave III (about the assassination of a king!), which after several rewrite-or-elses, and ultimately (when tempers on both sides had cooled) a compromise with the censors, became Un Ballo in Maschera.
- Follow the Leader: His early operas were inspired by Rossini's and Donizetti's.
- Getting Crap Past the Radar: It has been quite discussed among scholars if the famous Va pensiero from Nabucco is or not a thinly-veiled allegory to the war between the Austrian Empire and the Italian territories and the wish for an Italian Unification.
- Historical Fiction
- Kill 'em All: How I Vespri Siciliani/Les vêpres siciliennes ends.
- Old Shame: Most of the operas that predate Rigoletto. Verdi himself considered Alzira very awful.
- Poor Communication Kills: Literally, many times.
- Sibling Rivalry: Pagano and Arvino in his fourth opera, I lombardi alla prima crociata ("The Lombards at the First Crusade").
- Star-Crossed Lovers: So many.
- Tom Hanks Syndrome: Un giorno di regno (his second opera) and Falstaff (his last opera) are his only comedies.
- What Could Have Been: Among others, he planned an opera based on King Lear and another on Victor Hugo's Ruy Blas.
- William Shakespeare
- The Woobie: Many.