Victor Marie Hugo (26 February 1802 – 22 May 1885) is one of France's most famous writers. In the English-speaking world, he is best known for his novels Les Misérables and The Hunchback of Notre Dame.His play Le roi s'amuse (The King Amuses Himself) was the basis of the Verdi opera Rigoletto.
Works by Victor Hugo with their own trope pages include:
- The Hunchback of Notre Dame
- The King Amuses Himself
- The Last Day of a Condemned Man
- The Man Who Laughs
- Les Misérables
Other works by Victor Hugo provide examples of:
- Ermine Cape Effect: The play Ruy Blas was criticized for having the Queen in full regalia when she confessed her love to the eponymous character. Since it was a climax, he got away by invoking the Rule of Cool.
- Giant Eye of Doom: In the poem "The Conscience", Cain is followed everywhere by an eye.
- Historical-Domain Character: Lucrezia Borgia, and many others
- Nasty Party: Lucrezia Borgia
- Older Than They Think: His preface to Cromwell (a preface to his early play Cromwell), Hugo, by then 25 years of age, showed himself as an excellent troper. In 53 pages, he described a lot of tropes in literature and theatre to be found his time, and all the way back to Homer.
- Sliding Scale of Idealism vs. Cynicism: More on the cynical end especially in atmosphere in tone, even if there are kind and sympathetic characters.