When important figures feel they need extra insurance, someone takes on the appearance and role of someone else, especially in dangerous situations. Though this is still used today by some leaders, before the advent of modern photography this was much easier to pull off, since the average person would probably not know what the leader looked like outside of a vague description or drawing, making any differences between the double and the real person less noticeable. In more modern works the close resemblance may be explained away by Magic Plastic Surgery
, while science fiction settings may use Send in the Clones
and have the clones be made with this specific purpose in mind.
This is very much a Truth in Television
, and generally the more paranoid a leader the more doubles they will have. Saddam Hussein reportedly had over 50 doubles that he used at various times, and other notorious leaders like Josef Stalin and Hitler have also had confirmed body doubles.
In Japan this practice was known as kagemusha
(literally "shadow warrior"), and was fairly common during the Feudal Era for warlords. Oftentimes the kagemusha
were convicted criminals who took the opportunity in exchange for not being put to death
. Of course, given the perilous position they were in, this rarely
guaranteed their ultimate survival.
In a less notorious case, General Bernard Montgomery employed a double to confuse the Germans during World War II
. This story became a book and a film, called ''I Was Monty's Double''.
Related to Emergency Impersonation
, I Am Spartacus
. If the double is covering up for the fact that the leader is actually dead, it's an El Cid Ploy
. See also Decoy Getaway
for a practical application of a Body Double
. See also Decoy Leader
, when a leader uses someone else to pose as them, while not necessarily looking anything alike. Not to be confused with the Real Life
practice of actors using body doubles for stunts and/or nude or sex scenes. Also not to be confused with the thriller starring Melanie Griffith
. For other types of impersonators, see Celebrity Impersonator
. Ideal for this purpose would be an Identical Stranger
, but This Is Reality
, and those who don't live in a genre where such a convenient person exists will just use a person who looks passably similar.
Since this trope is often part of a Shocking Swerve
, be warned that there are inherently SPOILERS
Not to be confused with Brian De Palma
open/close all folders
Anime and Manga
- In Samurai Deeper Kyo has two: One for Tokugawa Ieyasu (the real ones turns out to be Hattori Hanzō) and one for Sanada Yukimura, who is actually a woman (the body double, not the guy, though it's an easy enough mistake to make).
- In Mobile Suit Gundam SEED Destiny, aspirant singer Meer Campbell fills this role for Lacus Clyne, though she's actually working for the Big Bad, who has told her that she'll be able to help keep the fragile peace if she poses as Lacus. Meer eventually begins to crack under all the stress and self-esteem problems, deciding that she doesn't care that she's being used to further Durandal's goals and only wants to continue to pretend being Lacus since nobody loves Meer herself. Lacus herself faces Meer and manages to talk her out of it... only for poor Meer to be shot to death while Taking the Bullet for Lacus and perish in her arms.
- In Murder Princess the maid Milano takes princess Alita's place during an invasion and dies, causing the body-swapped Alita to take on her dead maid's name and role.
- Makoto in El-Hazard: The Magnificent World reluctantly agrees to impersonate Princess Fatora (with whom he bares an uncanny resemblance, despite being the opposite sex) after she is captured.
- In the second-to-last episode of Samurai 7, Ukyo uses other clones of the Emperor, who are all genetically and physically identical to him as his body doubles. It almost works.
- A fairly innocent example occurs in Cardcaptor Sakura through Sakura's use of the Mirror card to stand in for her when she has to do some emergency card-catching. However, Sakura's spiritually aware brother Touya is fully aware that it's not really Sakura, but plays along anyway.
- In Code Geass, C.C. occasionally stands in for Zero/Lelouch when he needs to keep up the Masquerade of being a normal student. Given that C.C. is also immortal, there's also a practical application of this, as if she were to take a bullet for Lelouch she could just walk it off.
- In R2, Sayoko masquerades as Lelouch while he's off doing his Zero thing. It actually causes some minor problems for him; upon his return, he has to deal with the repercussions of Sayoko mistakenly playing him as The Casanova. That and Sayoko is a highly athletic ninja and Lelouch gets tired from running a block.
- In Ashita no Nadja, Rosemary becomes Nadja's Body Double and the accomplice of Smug Snake Hermann.
- Captain Kuro of One Piece hypnotized one of his crew members to think that he was Kuro. After a good get-up, Captain Morgan took him in, and Kuro was assumed captured while he went on to put together a three year long plan.
- Played with (in both versions) at the beginning of Dance in the Vampire Bund. In both cases a tall, voluptuous, raven-haired beauty in vampish attire is initially introduced as the Princess of Vampires. Of course when Mina Tepes makes her first actual public appearance, her aide Vera becomes completely useless as a decoy.
- Dix-Neuf Noinheim from the Mobile Suit Gundam Wing novel Frozen Teardrop was this for his brother-in-law, Milliardo Peacecraft aka Zechs Merquise. And was killed for it, but his sacrifice let Zechs escape safely.
- Parodied in Fushigi Yuugi. Hotohori needs to leave the Imperial Capital to help Miaka and the group, but since he's The Emperor he just can't go and step out. Chichiri offers to help and morphs into Hotohori with his Master of Disguise powers... but the extremely vain Hotohori is displeased because Chichiri can't flawlessly recreate his beauty. He does accept, however, and as he does off to give Miaka aid... and Chichiri is bored as heck in the Court.
- One episode of Golgo 13 had a situation where Golgo was hired to kill a client's double so he could fake his death. The double arranges for the real man to take his place, taking over the mob boss's life after his death. Unfortunately, he makes the mistake of turning Golgo into an enemy.
- One chapter of Franken Fran is about a mobster who frequently makes use of her services to create body doubles. Then, his latest double tries to turn over a new leaf with his company, he assassinates him, and things get a bit hectic.
- Subverted in Detective Conan. Kogoro is given the supposedly easy work of spying on a certain man in exchange for a large sum of money... and said man turns out to be a Body Double. The guy that said actor is impersonating? He's found dead some days later — and the dude who hired Kogoro not only is the killer, but he he had used Kogoro to have an alibi for said murder. Kogoro, a person who really hates being lied to, is understandably pissed off but has no evidence to get to him. Of course, the murderer ultimately doesn't pass through Conan's deducing skills.
- Again subverted in a filler case where the Body Double was the killer. She was an aspiring actress who worked as the double for a famous idol, then her envy and jealousy peaked to the point of killing her boss, hiding her body, and then impersonating her until the dead woman was found and everyone believed she had commited suicide. Again, Conan easily saw through her.
- Played straighter in the "Fake Wedding" case, where Yumi and Takagi have to be body doubles for a soo-to-be married couple who have been threatened by a Serial Killer. Then Sato switches places with Yumi, having deduced the killer's identity and fearing that he will harm Yumi... and since said culprit is soon found out and he attacks her while she's still posing as the bride, it's a good thing. Sato does this again in a later case, where she covers up for her Identical Stranger and Shiratori's soon-to-be girlfriend Sumiko Kobayashi, who is being targetted by a killer who wants to silence her because she knows too much.
- In one Naruto filler episode, Ino serves as the body double for a girl named Fuku, a princess who greatly resembled her, until she started binge eating out of stress in anticipation for meeting her fiance Chikara, and now doesn't want him to think she's fat. Ino finds Chikara obnoxious and refuses to continue setting Fuku up with her, so Naruto steps in to do things his way... inadvertently resulting in Chikara encountering the real Fuku and revealing he's attracted to heavyset women.
- One chapter of Sayonara, Zetsubou-Sensei has the title character's family butler recruit a small squad of body doubles for him. He is later thanked for a variety of things he didn't do, including dating one of his students.
- In Honoo No Alpen Rose, Toulonchamp's Batman Gambit relays on using his daughter Mathilda as one of these, acting as the stand-in for the lead female Jeudi. Jeudi herself went missing as a little girl in an horrible accident that left her mother Helene Durant with severe physical and psychological consequences, and Mathilda's mission is to make the almost blind Helene believe that she is the real Jeudi; meanwhile, Toulonchamp forces the Durant family to do whatever he wants on the threat of taking Mathilda away, which would send Helene into a Death by Despair. Too bad that Jeudi showed up anyway...
- And in another manga by Michiyo Akaishi, Amakusa 1637, the plot heavily leans on lead female Natsuki becoming one of these fora local swordsman, Shirou. Yes, she's one for THAT Shiro. Who in this story, is actually dead.
- The "shadows" in Kyoumen No Silhouette, like Teshio who became one for the heir princess Elnavista. You hear me, a female-looking guy must sometimes be a princess who Does Not Like Men.
- It's not fully explained until a later series, but in Mobile Suit Gundam ZZ the young ruler of Zeon, Mineva Lao Zabi, has actually been switched with a double by the end of Mobile Suit Zeta Gundam by her regent Haman Khan as part of a Give Him a Normal Life, one of the few Pet the Dog moments Haman ever gets. No one knows what happened to the real one until Mobile Suit Gundam Unicorn, where we met her again now living under the alias Audrey Burne.
- In Attack on Titan, the Survey Corps use Jean and Armin as body doubles for Eren and Historia/Krista when necessary, due to the latter's Living MacGuffin status.
- In Sailor Moon part of Minako' job description as Minako "Sailor Venus" Aino is being Usagi "Sailor Moon" Tsukino's body double, explaining both their extreme resemblance (Minako has the white cat)◊ and Minako's ability to change appearance. In the manga, Pretty Guardian Sailor Moon, and Sailor Moon Crystal, Venus even explicitly poses as the Moon Princess before The Reveal, making this a rare case where even the person who the double is standing in for isn't aware of it, as Usagi hadn't yet recovered her Past-Life Memories. In the first season of the first anime, the Senshi thought Venus was the Princess (which she denied when asked) and in the third season she actually had to sub in for a kidnapped and temporarily depowered Moon (which was almost completely Played for Laughs).
- A popular fan theory is that this explains CereCere/ Sailor Ceres's resemblance to Chibiusa: she's meant to be Chibiusa's decoy should the need arise.
- Used at least twice in Aldnoah.Zero. First, Princess Asseylum was apparently killed in the first episode, but the one who died was one of these. Later, after she's shot in the back at the end of the first season, Asseylum is in a Convenient Coma... and the one who goes around in a wheelchair and makes speeches is her half-sister, Princess Lemrina. There's also kind of a subversion in the second case: Lemrina does not look like Asseylum, so she uses holographic disguises to fix that.
- Dilbert had a brief strip or three where the boss turns Asok into one to avoid decisions.
- The premise of the DC character The Human Target was that he was one of these. The Vertigo series played with it by having him literally disappear into each persona he adopted, having to be broken out of the new personality with psychological triggers.
- In Cerebus the Aardvark, Lord Julius (a parody of Groucho Marx) hired several "Like-a-looks" to stand in for him (lampshading the fact that anyone with the right build, walk, fake mustache and attitude can look like Groucho Marx.) It was never entirely clear who was the real Lord Julius after that, especially after a mob of increasingly absurd Like-a-looks (including the Elrod the Albino!) invaded the palace and all claimed to be the real one.
- In a reprint, Sim mentioned the story was inspired by the scene from Duck Soup where Chico and Harpo both impersonate Groucho using greasepaint and the right props.
- In Lone Wolf and Cub, each member of the Yagyu clan has their own double. One of them cheerfully commits seppuku so that Retsudo can tell the shogun his son is dead (and show his severed head as proof).
- The in-canon Buffy the Vampire Slayer comic book has her using body doubles to spread misinformation. It helps that All the doubles have her durability and healing powers as well.
- One of those was RetConned in an episode of Angel.
- Marvel's 616 Universe has created LMD (Life Model Decoys) which can fill in whenever needed. Handy for retcons as well. Nick Fury, among others, has used them.
- Doctor Doom, of course, has his Doom-Bots. Which can pass for him so well that writers use this to retcon story arcs they don't care for, to the point that the practice occasionally undergoes Lampshade Hanging.
- In the Yoko Tsuno story "The Prey and the Shadow", a secretary named Margaret is blackmailed into becoming the double of Cecilia, her boss's unstable adoptive daughter. As time passes, she's more and more aware that something horrible will happen, but she's completely trapped in the web of lies that her boss extended around her. Once the titular Action Girl and her Power Trio spend a night in the boss's castle, Margaret confides on her so they can both save Cecilia from her "father" and free Margaret from him as well.
- The Silver Age Superman used robot doubles to help him conceal his Secret Identity. These were phased out by the Bronze Age.
- In the first issue of Death Of The Family, Batman takes on who he thinks is The Joker wearing a red hood at the ACE Chemical Plant. He pulls the hood off to reveal Harley Quinn!
- Happens once in a while in Diabolik, but with a twist: the double is almost always unwilling, being a poor shmuck that Diabolik has kidnapped and drugged up because he needs a double for himself or Eva (the willing ones are extremely rare, and Diabolik wouldn't trust them unless there are mitigating circumstances). The resemblance is normally Justified with Diabolik's perfect masks or getting a lookalike (even searching them across the world), but in one occasion Diabolik needed to fool Ginko while Faking the Dead it was simply a stolen body who he beheaded (with a swap of the genetic samples to fool the DNA test).
- Usagi Yojimbo: Young lord Noriyuki had one who was identical in all but voice, and he never said a word even as he was dying; two other "doubles" turned out to be dolls. Usagi hated the idea of people dying because they didn't know they were only protecting a doll even though he understood how their ignorance helped keep the "original" safe; later he used the same trick which caused someone to die trying to protect a doll because he was trying to keep the "original" safe.
- Space Usagi used the same princess-handmaiden/bodyguard trick as The Phantom Menace except that the only thing the pair had in common was that they were rabbit-women (it helped that no one on Usagi's side knew what the princess looked like).
- Inverted in the H.I.V.E. Series, where Otto masquerades as his own clone, killing the clone and pretending it was himself who died.
- Crown of Slaves by David Weber and Eric Flint opens with Berry Zilwicki being offered the job of body double for Princess Ruth of Manticore.
- Mary Hoffmans' Stravaganza has this in the first book, as the Duchessa of Belleza uses different doubles for all the flashy ceremonies, such as the Marriage with the Sea. She began this procedure when she became pregnant with her daughter, Arianna. One such double thinks she can outsmart the Duchessa, rat out her secret, and throw her lot in with the di Chimici with no ill consequences. She's wrong.)
- In one of Francoise Rivier and Michel Laponte's Jonathan Cap books, a dangerous plan to overthrow an Arabian Sheik depends on one of these, a Middle-Eastern Ordinary Highschool Student named Jamil who is groomed by the terrorist group to serve as the double to the Crown Prince (whom they plan to kidnap, kill, and then replace with the kid, whom they have trapped in a complicated web of lies to make sure he can't escape). Coincidentally, the Big Bad chooses a Parisian private clinic as its hideout since the gambit's supposed to take place during the Prince's visit to France, and a girl named Juliette is operated there... and she happens to be the best friend of Jonathan's Kid Sidekicks and nephews Alex and Nico...
- Used in a lighter note afterwards. Once the deal is defused and Jamil is released from his captors's control, the Crown Prince forgives him on grounds of being an unwilling accomplice. Then he makes Jamil replace him during the official activities in Paris, therefore making him a full-blooded Body Double, while he goes outside to have fun with Alex, Nico and a girl named Elisabeth.
- Near the end of Robin McKinley's Spindle's End, the characters attempt to thwart an evil fairy's curse on secret princess Rosie by having Rosie's best friend Peony claim to be the princess in her stead. Unfortunately, while everyone else is fooled, the fairy is not.
Live Action TV
- Ba'al on Stargate SG-1 created numerous clones of himself to act as decoys, and aid in some elaborate schemes of his.
- Samurai Sentai Shinkenger: in Acts 44 and 45, it's revealed that Takeru is a kagemusha for the true 18th head, Shiba Kaoru. He is later adopted by Kaoru and made her official successor in Act 48.
- Power Rangers Samurai copies this, with Jayden taking the Red Ranger role on behalf of his older sister Lauren.
- In the Castle episode "A Dance With Death", the person Beckett found dead and thought she'd identified, turned out to actually be the supposed murder victim's hired body double, who, after the nominal victim died a year previously, had been pulling a Dead Person Impersonation.
- Turns out that the houses in Iraq that the Bluth company built were housing a group of Saddam doubles. Though one on of them may be the real Saddam and a double was killed in his place.
- Chris Ryan's Strike Back. An assassination attempt on Robert Mugabe fails because of this. Turns out the whole thing had been sent up to discredit British Intelligence, which meant the body double had been set up to be killed.
- In Legend of the Seeker, back when Darken Rahl was in charge, one of his officers found a beggar who looked remarkably similar to him and brought him to Lord Rahl with this trope in mind. Rahl almost had the beggar (and the officer) executed, claiming that the guy looks nothing like him (despite being played by the same actor). The officer has the beggar physically altered (painfully) to look just like Rahl and provide voice coaching to have him sound like the Lord of D'Hara. After Rahl's death, the beggar and the officer (who have become friends) escape and engage in cons involving the beggar pretending to be Rahl. As it turns out, Rahl had a backup plan to have his spirit be brought back into the beggar's body. This works, although the beggar's spirit is put in another man's body, much to the beggar's delight (he hated having Rahl's face).
- Imogen Heap's song "Bad Body Double" plays with this. The singer talks of a woman who looks a lot like her, although she's "...got some greys, a little extra weight on the side, and dimply thighs..." And once the lookalike finds this out, she starts stalking her, trying to look more like her. There's also the interpretation that the body double is really the personification of her insecurities about herself.
- The Real Hussein, a parody of Eminems "The Real Slim Shady" highlights Saddam Hussein's use of these.
Saddam: And there's a million of us just like me, who dress like me, walk, talk, oppress like me, mustache like me, a big piece of trash like me, and just might be a piece of sh*t, but not quite me!
Role Playing Games
- In Survival of the Fittest, Ken Lawson was Burton Harris' body double — and ended up being put into V2 for his pains. Burton, of course, then managed to land himself in V3 too. Both ended up getting killed.
- Warhammer 40K: The Dark Eldar Archon Vhane Kyharc takes this Up to Eleven- every Trueborn member of his Kabal has been surgically altered to look exactly like him, and the lower orders wear masks of his face. In theory, this is to prevent assassinations (always a good idea with Dark Eldar), but the truth is, the aptly-named Vhane really is that much of a narcissist (he once bombarded an entire planet with a virus that gave every living thing his face).
- The titular king in Henry IV, Part 1 has a number of doubles during the climactic battle.
- Similarly, in Metal Gear Solid, Decoy Octopus takes on the appearance of several different people, and has to be psychologically evaluated after each one to return to his core personality.
- In the Fan Comic The Last Days Of FOXHOUND, Revolver Ocelot expresses disappointment at Decoy Octopus' decision to stop impersonating him, because it meant that there was no longer a 50/50 chance that someone out to get him would kill Octopus instead.
- In an early version of the Metal Gear Solid 2 story, the events of the Plant Chapter were supposed to take place while Solidus Snake was still in office as the U.S. President. The events would've kicked off with the assassination of Solidus Snake's body double, allowing him to fake his death.
- After the first chapter of Rondo of Swords, the player learns that the main character, Prince Serdic, is in fact a double of the actual Prince Serdic.
- There are two cases of this in Fire Emblem. First is Samto from the 3rd game (New Mystery of the Emblem), body double of Navarre, second is Shanam in the 4th and 5th games (has a cameo in Genealogy of the Holy War, then is made playable in Thracia 776), body double of Prince Shanan. The difference is that Shanan specifically asked Shanam to be one; Samto is just an average mercenary who kept getting mistaken for the legendary Navarre and eventually decided to roll with it to get hired.
- The playable version of King Lion in Savage Reign and Neo Geo Battle Coliseum is actually a body double (referred to as a "shadow") of the real King Lion.
- Call of Duty: Black Ops' first level has the player unknowingly assassinating Fidel Castro's body double.
- Used for Sakaki Joushiro's backstory in the Samurai Shodown games (more exactly, Warrior's Rage). With a twist, though! The body double was not him but his girlfriend Karen, an Action Girl who posed as a princess's double... but was killed by the Big Bad Oboro. Joushiro got wrongfully blamed for all of it and now he's a runaway.
- Tokugawa Ieyasu uses multiple body doubles while on the run in one stage of Samurai Warriors 2.
- Suikoden V has Roy serve as this for the Prince after he loses their duel. It comes into play several times, with one of Roy's most awesome moments coming only if the player really screws up.
- In Final Fantasy VIII, a small rebel faction's Zany Scheme to capture President Vinzer Deling alive succeeds...only for him to turn out to be an undead body double who TaLKs liKE TorGO.
- Subverted and played for laughs in Bangai-O, with one boss character. A few levels after Gai is defeated, Riki and Mami encounter a doppelganger of him that was raised to fill in as the Cosmo Gang's substitute leader, to the point that no one remembers who he is anymore. Said "doppelganger" happens to be a furry, green creature that sports a hairstyle vaguely resembling Gai's, glowing eyes, and a cigar. Naturally, Riki isn't fooled.
- The Deception series love having the villains sent these into your dungeon before themselves.
- In Final Fantasy VI, the wandering gambler Setzer sends a calling card to the Opera House, professing his intention to kidnap the opera singer Maria. The party needs to get on his airship to make their way to the Imperial continent, so they have Celes (who, strangely enough, looks a bit like Maria) act as a decoy and sing her part in the opera that night. She manages to fool Setzer until after he kidnaps her.
- In Ace Attorney Investigations 2, the Body Double of the President of Zheng Fa, conspiring with Bansai Ichiyanagi, Marie Miwa and Ryoken Honinbo, kills the true president and takes his place. The truth is not discovered until after the imposter is dead.
- In the first Assassins Creed, Robert de Sable has Maria Thorpe impersonate him at a funeral after he (correctly) guesses that he's on the Assassin's hit list. Additionally, had he not done that Desmond would have never existed, as Altair and Maria end up marrying and conceiving Desmond's ancestor.
- In Borderlands: The Pre-Sequel!, the "Doppleganger" character is a body-double for Jack, and actually an intern named Timothy Lawrence who had crushing student debts who took the job out of desperation, and was surgically altered to look and sound like Jack. However, he is very much his own person, and while he is required by law to act and talk like Jack (and even has a contractual clause that forbids him from using his real name) he proves to be far more morally sound, especially compared to Jack as he descends into megalomanical insanity over the course of the game.
- In Borderlands 2, the player is required to kill a body double of Jack in order to snatch a piece of Jack's DNA for a disguise. It's unclear whether or not said body double is Timothy considering that this body double has a different voice and only speaks in a dull monotone bragging about how awesome Jack is and according to Angel, Jack now employs several different body doubles for glad-handing.
- In Drowtales, it's revealed in chapter 30 that the "Val'Sharess Diva'ratrika" seen in a parade is actually a double. Slightly different than most examples in that the double isn't there to protect Diva — it's to hide the fact that she's been dead for 16 years, and it was her own daughters that did it. Needless to say, the real Diva, who in fact is Not Quite Dead and took over the body of her servant, is pretty shocked to hear that "she's" holding a parade. After a 15 year timeskip both the Sarghress and Vloz'ress clans put a large amount of effort into assassinating the various doubles that have been brought out since in an attempt to publicly expose the deception, with Kiel'ndia Vloz'ress succeeding in killing one and having it publicly announced, in a chapter appropriately titled "End of Charades".
- The Order of the Stick has several for Xykon one of whose head Belkar uses as a weapon for a short time. This is also something of a subversion, as the doubles look like Xykon simply because they're all skeletons.
- In Sluggy Freelance, when Torg or Riff want to get out of something, they have robot doubles which Bun-Bun and Kiki (due to their small size) can operate from the inside to impersonate the real Riff and Torg. Bun-Bun also has Mr. Sock-Lop, a sock puppet that looks just like him, which he brings out whenever he wants to avoid Kiki's overenthusiastic hugs.
- In Bruno the Bandit Queen Xantippa once used a double to get out of attending a party celebrating her engagement to Bruno.
- On American Dad!, Stan Smith has a body double issued by the CIA. It gets Squicky when the body double starts dating Stan's daughter Hayley.
- In The Simpsons, Rainer Wolfcastle has one that looks 100% like him but with a different voice and without the accent.
- On another occasion, Homer unknowingly became a double for Krusty when the latter was being targeted by the mob, and Homer only found out the real reason he was being made to dress like Krusty after completing Krusty's Klown Kollegenote .
- In some incarnations of Transformers, Megatron has one named Megaplex.
- North Korean dictator Kim Jong-Il is strongly speculated to have had a double. One journalist went so far as to suggest that the real Kim died in 2003. Though now that he is actually/officially dead, we will likely never find out.
- Similarly, after Boris Yeltsin left politics there were some theories about how he actually drank himself to death in 1999 and the Yeltsin that lived until 2006 was a body double.
- Allegedly, Empress Elisabeth of Austria-Hungary aka Sissi often asked one of her hairstylists, a German lady who bore quite the resemblance to her and had similar Rapunzel Hair, to replace her in several official acts.
- The whole Paul is dead theory thrives on this.
- Adolf Hitler is said to have had a variety of doubles, particularly on big speeches and propaganda marches. While not 100% certain, it would explain why over 40 assassination attempts failed on him.
- Believed in some cultures to be the purpose of bridesmaids, who are dressed similarly to the bride in order to disguise the actual bride from potential kidnappers (or demons, depending on the interpretation.)
- It was speculated that Sister Lucia dos Santos, the only one of the Fatima Visionaries who lived until adulthood, was replaced by one of these in The Sixties so she would neither keep the famous Third Secret of Fatima locked away, nor lie about it.
- Republican candidate is convinced his opponent is dead and using a body double as a stand-in.
- M.E. Clifton James and Keith "Tex" Banwell both were this to Field Marshall Bernard Law Montgomery.
- A rare non-human example was pulled off by the handlers of Seabiscuit, as his trainer Tom Smith, notorious for being a Troll to the press, purchased Seabiscuit's otherwise identical half-brother Grog (who had the same sire, Hard Tack) and on multiple occasions brought out Grog when he knew the press would be hanging around to report on and photograph training sessions. On the few occasions Smith would uncharacteristically allow the press to sit on the back of the horse for bragging rights it was usually Grog they sat on instead and were none the wiser. Besides trolling the press Grog was also used in the more traditional way of confusing potential assailants since due to the high stakes of the races he participated in several rivals attempted to sabotage or injure Seabiscuit.
- Also recounted in Laura Hillenbrand's book this was also pulled off by another team during a race, when a horse called Stagehand was entered into a race alongside his brother, who was identical to him in appearance, and Seabiscuit's jockey George Woolf was told that Stagehand's jockey would be wearing a white color cap to differentiate them. During the race he fastidiously followed the white-capped jockey's horse and eventually used their burst of speed to move to the front, only to realize too late that the rival team's jockeys had switched their caps prior to the race and the real Stagehand had been waiting in the wings and burst past them for the win.