The greatest thing you'll ever learn is just to love and be loved in return.
Moulin Rouge! is a 2001 musical film, directed by Baz Luhrmann and starring Ewan McGregor and Nicole Kidman. The story is told through flashbacks from the point of view of Christian James (McGregor), a young Englishman writing the story of his doomed affair with the star of the eponymous Parisian nightclub.Flashback to 1899 where Christian, an earnest young poet, has left his Victorian London home and his overbearing father in order to live an intellectual life amongst the Bohemian revolutionaries of Paris's bawdy, colorful Montmartre district. Soon after his arrival, an unconscious Argentinean falls through his roof, quickly joined by a dwarf dressed as a nun...or, as he introduces himself, Henri Marie Raymond deToulouse-Lautrec Montfa, painter, actor, and Bohemian revolutionary extraordinaire. He, along with the Argentinean (narcoleptic, as it turns out) and the rest of their theater troupe are in the flat above, rehearsing their musical spectacle which will, of course, revolutionize the artistic world as they know it—provided, of course, that they receive the patronage of Harold Zidler, owner of the Moulin Rouge, the hottest nightclub-slash-brothel in Paris. The Moulin is soon to be converted into a theater in order to launch a new career for Zidler's "Sparkling Diamond", Satine (Kidman), the club's highest-paid courtesan and star attraction. Zidler, in turn, is relying on the patronage of the odious Duke (Richard Roxburgh) whose only condition in signing away the fortune it will take to convert the Moulin into a theater is that Satine become his mistress. The Duke gets his courtesan, Zidler gets his theater, the Bohemians get their play, and Satine gets the respectable career she's always dreamed of. It's a perfect set-up, which is why it will all go horribly, inevitably wrong.Christian wins over the Bohemians and—after their original librettist storms out in a jealous rage—is put in charge of writing their show, Spectacular Spectacular!. To celebrate, they take him out to the Moulin Rouge, on, as it happens, the same night of the Duke's introduction to (and first scheduled rendezvous) with Satine. There is aninteresting misunderstanding, but Christian's fundamental innocence and the power of his (well,Elton John's) poetry win her over, leaving her as starry-eyed with him as he is with her—until, of course, it is revealed that he isn't actually the Duke. As the months pass—as the Moulin becomes a theater and the show comes together—it becomes increasingly evident that their mutual attraction is too strong to ignore. However, the Duke is far less buffoonish than he appears, and if he is crossed, in love or otherwise, there's no telling what lengths he'll go to to keep the new lovers apart...The film is a wild mishmash of genres, kinetic editing and atmosphere, often compared to a Music Video for its use of Jitter Cam. It is also composed almost exclusively of Cover Versions of songs, though most of them have been rewritten into new styles. Madonna's "Like A Virgin" becomes a Busby Berkeley Number, for instance, and the film contains only one song which the audience has never heard before (which, in fact, was originally intended for Luhrmann's William Shakespeare's Romeo + Juliet). It is also one of the most sustained examples of Mood Whiplash in recent history: the bleak Framing Device of Christian at his typewriter switches quickly into a vibrant, almost cartoonish comedy before the inevitable spiral towards the Bittersweet / Downer Ending. Finally, it was the first musical to gain any sort of widespread popularity for a couple decades, and has helped launch the recent revival of the genre.Another film, a Best Picture-nominatedbiopic of the same name (without the exclamation point), was made in 1952, directed by John Huston and starring José Ferrer and Zsa Zsa Gabor. It's much less acid sequence and more Tragic Hero, showing the life and work of Toulouse-Lautrec in fin de siècle Paris, and the love he tries to find.
Break His Heart to Save Him: The Trope Namer—in order to keep the Duke from having Christian killed, Zidler urges Satine to pretend she does not love him and never did, so he will leave the Moulin Rouge. It fails to make him leave, but breaks his heart only too well.
Concert Climax: "Come What May (reprise)"; the song was intended to be this for the Show Within a Show (before the Duke nixed it) but when Christian and Satine reconcile onstage and everyone else (led by the Bohemians) stand up for their ending, the song becomes the climax for the movie as a whole.
Concert Kiss: Christian and Satine's kiss at the climax of Spectacular, Spectacular.
Downer Ending: Since the movie opens with the main character sorrowfully saying "The woman I love...d is dead", it's not hard to guess where this will go. Paying close attention in the opening reveals it's even worse—the Moulin Rouge got shut down after events of the main story.
Dramatically Missing the Point: Christian walks out before the finale of El Tango de Roxanne, depressed at the thought of Satine sleeping with the Duke. He doesn't realize that the Argentinian is not playing Christian, but the Duke, and that Satine's death is inevitable.
The Duke: Why shouldn't the courtesan go for the maharajah?
Christian: Because she doesn't love you! [dead silence while everyone stares] Him... him... she doesn't love...she doesn't love him...
Foregone Conclusion: The opening narration reveals that Satine dies by the end of the story. Much of the tragedy and drama comes from the fact that Christian and the Duke, her rival love interests, have no reason to suspect this is coming.
Ham-to-Ham Combat: The "Like a Virgin" scene, where the Duke and Zidler constantly vie to see who can be the loudest/most over-the-top/silliest.
Harmless Villain: Subverted. At first the Duke seems like an ineffectual nitwit, but we soon learn otherwise.
Heel-Face Turn: A small one. In the finale, Nini is one of the courtesans who helps prevent Warner from killing Christian, suggesting that she might feel guilty about revealing his and Satine's affair.
Heroic Bystander: The courtesans and bohemians get the chance to save the day in the finale. Toulouse swings from the rafters and knocks the gun from Warner's hand; Nini uses her high kicks to knock Warner upside the head and keep him from recovering the weapon; the Argentinian clocks him with a door; and the sitar player brains him with his instrument. It's Petite Princess, though, who is the most heroic: she climbs to the top of the stage and, just as Warner is about to fire, drops a sandbag onto his head, making him miss and sending the pistol flying.
Hidden Depths: Satine seems to be a shallow material diva in the beginning, but falling in love with Christian shows there is more to her.
I had come to write about [...] love. There was only one problem: I had never been in love! Luckily, right at that moment an unconscious Argentinean fell through my roof. He was quickly joined by a dwarf dressed as a nun.
Karma Houdini: Nini suffers no consequences for giving away Satine and Christian's affair. Though she's apparently out of job with everyone else by the time Christian starts writing his book.
Lady in Red: Satine's red dress, featured on the film posters (see the page image) and worn during the 'One Day I'll Fly Away'/'Elephant Love Medley' scene where she kisses Christian for the first time. The red is meant to draw the veiwer's attention to make it clear how she is drawing the protagonist's attention (and everyone else's).
Leitmotif: Many. Satine's is "One Day I'll Fly Away", Christian's is "Nature Boy" (and "Your Song"). Love's theme is, naturally, "Come What May". And so on.
"Come What May" is also the theme of forgiveness and faith in love, not just love itself. It's mentioned by the characters themselves and that's why she sings it at the climax of the film, in order to beg for his forgiveness.
It could be argued that Satine and Christian have two leitmotifs or possibly even more than that. "Sparkling Diamonds" is the song that represents Satine's life as a courtesan and "Your Song" represents Christian's one-sided love. When it is sung in a duet in "Elephant Love Medley", it symbolizes Satine returning his love.
"El Tango de Roxanne" is this for practically every major dramatic scene in the movie, whether you realize it or not. Next time you watch it, see if you can notice a faint tango rhythm underscoring some of the darker scenes.
Mood Lighting + Deliberately Monochrome: The beginning of the movie is in black and white. When the comedy starts, the colors are brilliant and the lighting is bright. When the drama begins, the main colors are black and white (to spoken and daylight scenes) and red and blue (for the musical and nighttime bits). After the "Hindi Sad Diamonds" it comes again brightly colored until the end of "Come What May (finale)" when goes again all black, white, red and blue. Finally, it ends, with normal daylight colors.
The song rearrangements are always whimsical or loving... right up to El Tango de Roxanne, which begins with laughs before developing overtones of real violence (Nini appears to be in pain when the Argentinian grabs her), and ends with the Argentinian miming slitting her throat.
No Name Given: The Duke is only known only as...well, the Duke. We can see for a couple of frames (when Zidler is signing the deed to the Moulin Rouge) that he is officially Duke of Monroth and should be addressed as Your grace or Monseigneur.
No names are ever given for the characters in the troupe's play; they are simply the Courtesan, the Penniless Sitar Player, and the Maharajah.
invokedWord of God says his name on set was unofficially Count Von Groovy.
This also applies to many of the side characters—the Narcoleptic Argentinean and the Doctor (no, not that one) being prominent examples.
One Dialogue, Two Conversations: When Christian and Satine are talking in the Elephant. He's trying to read her his poetry, while she thinks he's talking about sex.
Satine: A little supper? Maybe some champagne?
Christian: I'd rather just, um.... get it over and done with.
Satine: Oh! Very well. Then why don't you... [lies on the bed] come down here. Let's get it over and done with.
Christian: Actually, I'd prefer to do it standing.
Satine: [standing quickly] Oh!
Christian: You don't have to stand, I mean... It's sometimes... it's quite long. And I'd like you to be comfortable. It's quite modern what I do and it may feel a little strange at first, bu.. but I think if you're open, then... then you might enjoy it.
Satine: [rattled but still professional] I'm sure I will.
Only in It for the Money: One of the two major themes on sex and romance in the film, exemplified by "Diamonds Are a Girl's Best Friend." As "creatures of the underworld" both Satine and Zidler are aware that love is a luxury they can't afford.
Moulin Rouge is the Disney Acid Sequence remix of La Traviata, which itself is La Dame aux CamelliasAS AN OPERA!
Moulin Rouge also has elements of La Bohème (Scènes de la vie de bohèmeAS AN OPERA!) and the Orpheus myth.
Not to exclude at all the fact that Spectacular Spectacular, and therefore the plot of the film itself, is obviously taken from an ancient Sanskrit play called The Little Clay Cart.
Reprise Medley: A rather epic example: "Come What May", after Toulouse reveals the truth about Christian's life being in danger, morphs into a recapitulation and dueling medley of most of the movie's main themes, with "The Show Must Go On", "Your Song", "I'll Fly Away", "Children of the Revolution", and even a bit of "The Pitch" (the part about the "sitar player's secret song") all showing up.
Scenery Porn: It didn't win the Academy Awards for Art Direction for nothing! Luhrmann even said that when the Elephant Room set had to be dismantled after filming wrapped, it was really heartbreaking.
If you follow the opening of the movie, it's really a movie depicting a stage performance of a movie about a man singing about a man writing the story of his involvement in a musical about a man whose involvement in a musical mirrors the writer's.
Sliding Scale of Idealism Versus Cynicism: Starts off very idealistically, then slowly slides toward cynicism. It reaches Crapsack World levels when you realize their reconciliation DESTROYS the lives of EVERYONE we meet in the film (we know from the opening/ending that the Duke closes the Moulin Rouge).
Although, as someone pointed out, if you think about it, then you realize that while the characters' lives are ruined, the ideals that they constantly fought to promote throughout the movie and through the play (freedom, love, etc.) all live on and survive solely thanks to said reconciliation
Suddenly Shouting: The Argentinian is prone to this, but Christian also does it once.
Tenor Boy: Christian. His highest note is in the Finale ("My gift is my song") and it is a truly ludicrous full-voice top C. If Ewan McGregor produced it without electronic assistance, that puts him on a level with people like Luciano Pavarotti and Freddie Mercury.
Triang Relations: Number 4. "A" is The Duke, "B" is Satine and "C" is Christian.
Unproblematic Prostitution: Deconstructed. Being a working girl at the Moulin Rouge looks like a fun and glamorous life — except that the girls have very little power and control over their own destinies.
Upper-Class Twit: The Duke—at least until he lets his mask slip. Shown off in hilarious fashion during Christian and Satine's duet love song "Come What May", when at the picnic he's flitting around in the background chasing a frog.
Book Ends: Toulouse-Lautrec falls down a staircase as a young man, crippling him; in the end, he falls down a staircase in an absinthe-induced panic attack, and dies.
Childhood Friend Romance: Henri had a very good chance of marrying his childhood sweetheart until the accident which crippled him, at which point she couldn't stand the sight of him, which is sad, because he just looked like this◊.
According to his Wikipedia article he also may have suffered from overgrown genitals. This could be a good thing or a bad thing depending on how overgrown they were.
Dark Reprise: Somewhat different, in that the song Jane Avril sings is lighter than her first one, but is less emotionally resonant and more hollow. Even more appropriately, at the end, as Toulouse-Lautrec dies misunderstood, the dancers from his happy days at the Moulin reappear before him one last time to say goodbye—though they imply they'll meet again in heaven.
Downer Ending: Toulouse-Lautrec dies, while his parents and his contemporaries don't understand his art, or anything he's ever done while alive, and he just misses—by HOURS—the love of his life, now gone forever. Sadly, this is Truth in Television, as it really did end this way for him.
Gay Paree: Averted, in that the presented Paris is historically accurate, with the very real danger of being mugged, prostitutes being picked up by the police, and streets that stink to high heaven from the products manufactured there.
Good Costume Switch: Not 'good', per se, but when Jane Avril goes from singing in the Moulin to performing on stage, she wears a far more respectable outfit, much to the disappointment of those who want to remember her as the queen of the tease.
Interrupted Suicide: Interrupted by Toulouse-Lautrec himself, as he decides to devote himself to art, and in an uplifting scene, he shuts off the gas and throws open the window, letting the morning light stream in.
I Resemble That Remark: "I do not have a nose like that! I submit it for anyone: do I have a nose like that?" (He does.)
Ironic Echo: "There's the most divine creature waiting for me..."
I Was Quite a Looker: A very depressing scene in which Toulouse-Lautrec meets La Goulue, now drunken and on the streets.
Zidler: I know I'm making millions, but I liked the Moulin as she was: a little strumpet who thought only of tonight. Now she's grown up and knows better. She has money in her stocking, wears corsets, and never drinks a drop too much. Worst of all, she never sees her old friends anymore...she has gone into society.
Tragic Hero: Toulouse-Lautrec, whose unwillingness to trust even those who try to help him brings about his downfall.
"Well Done, Son" Guy: The Comte de Toulouse-Lautrec practically defines this trope, declaring for most of the movie what he thinks about Henri's art: "Work? A pretext to hang about cheap dance halls and drink all night. You call that pornographic trash work?" By the end, he changes his tune, but by then not only is Henri dying, he's interpreted as good because it's now famous—Henri just wanted it to be liked because it was beautiful.
Will They or Won't They?: Marie Charlet and Toulouse-Lautrec. They don't. Also Henri and Myriamme Hyam. They don't, either.