Despite having a plethora of atheist arguments to pose against God's existence, even the Jews who conclude that God has abandoned them do not conclude that God isn't real, just that he is in breach of contract, or has sided with the Nazis, making a new covenant with a new chosen people.
The film has a framing device wherein modern-day visitors to Auschwitz are told of the story of the trial.
God on Trial provides examples of:
- Author Tract: Completely averted. Both sides are represented, with a counterpoint for practically every point brought up, and both sides get a final scene. The last monologue is given by a man (the whispering Rabbi) claiming that God had forged a new covenant with the Nazis. The last scene in the World War II-era camps, however, features a faithful Jew who lied to the Nazis in order to go to the gas chambers in place of his largely-agnostic son, and those that were led to the gas chamber died praying. The author himself was Catholic, but the debate is fairly well framed as a Jewish one, with the prisoners not posing any arguments based on the New Testament.
- Darkest Hour: The trial finds God guilty. He has broken his contract, his word, with the Jews. Some of the younger men and scholars among them nearly burst into tears, realizing what this means for them. They ask what are they supposed to do now, to which the Rabbi replies that all they can do now, is pray.
- Downer Ending: The Jews conclude that God has abandoned them, the film ends with several of the prisoners being led to the gas chambers, and no one is confirmed to have escaped or survivednote , with the trial itself fading into near-obscurity.
- Evil Stole My Faith: The Holocaust and concentration camps broke the faith of many of its victims. While many (but not all) of the Jews hold on to their belief in God, the trial accuses that their covenant with God - the belief that God loves them and will protect them - is breached.
- Foreshadowing: When arguing for reasons why the Holocaust might be for the greater good, one of the prisoners suggests it might lead to a return to Israel.
- Framing Device: The events of the film seem to be related to modern day visitors to Auschwitz by the tour guide.
- Ghostapo: It's suggested during the final monologue that the Nazis owe their success due to having made a covenant with the God who abandoned the Jews.
- God Is Evil: Subverted. The Jews were not discussing God's character - such banter was irrelevant to the trial, and stripped from the record. The jury ultimately decides God is in breach of contract, although whether they find him evil is not stated. The final monologue, however, features a man who is unequivocally of this position.
- God Is Good: Subverted, again. Argued by a decreasing number of the Jews as the trial goes on, but still maintained by at least one of the main characters until the end. The trial was to determine if their deity was in breach of his covenant.
- God Is Neutral: The Jews conclude that, while God was angry and spiteful, he was on their side. But not anymore.
- History Repeats: The whispering Rabbi realizes this much. The Jews were now experiencing the horror of genocide that was inflicted on the Amalekites. He then concludes, to his horror, the Nazis will suffer a similar miserable end when God inevitably abandons them too, and so on and so on.
- The Oath-Breaker: The trial ultimately concludes God is Guilty. He has broken his covenant with the Jews. The whispering Rabbi goes further and speculates he's formed a new one, with the Nazis, which will be broken when He is done with them, ad infinitum.
- Sadistic Choice: One of the men, Lieble, is called forward as a counter-argument when free will was mentioned as a reason for evil, and that men make choices. He was forced to choose which of his three sons he wanted to remain with him, and which two would be taken away.Lieble: This gentleman... he said that we always have a choice. Which should I have chosen? The youngest? The oldest? The weakest? The strongest? ...Which should I have chosen? ...Excuse me, I don't want free will. I want my sons.
- This Is Unforgivable!: For the Rabbi, it's genocide and murdering children to make an example of others. No being, however powerful or incomprehensible, however beloved by the masses, can ever justify doing this. It is not good.
- Those Wacky Nazis: They don't make a major appearance in general, but the movie seems to make a point of show-casing the 'normalness' of the Nazis, to emphasize the casual brutality of the Holocaust.
- Would Hurt a Child: God/Adonai would in a fit of rage. In the scriptures, David took Sheba, the wife of Uriah to himself, by arranging to have Uriah killed against the wishes of God. Adonai however didn't rightfully punish David, but instead went after his innocent son. The child did not die swiftly, but writhed in agony for seven days. David debased himself in piteous desperation, pathetically seeking forgiveness. God didn't care, and the child died anyway.
- You Have Failed Me: The whispering Rabbi reveals in the scriptures God/Adonai hates us overriding him, by choosing compassion over wholesale slaughter. He gave King Saul as an example, since he was under God's command to utterly destroy the people of Amalek, and spare no one. He met the Kanites, who weren't even the Amalekites, thus he urged them to flee and be spared from the ensuing carnage. God was pissed by Saul's mercy, and denounced him as king. Thus Samuel brought forth king Agag, and hacked him to pieces to appease Adonai, restoring the Jews to his favor.