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- Tintin had this every once in a while (Tintin in the Congo, Cigars of the Pharoah, Prisoners of the Sun) but Flight 714 has this with a twist: Ancient Astronauts.
- Marsupilami: The Marsupilami lives in the jungles of Palombia and the comics often feature the native indian tribe, a Great White Hunter, and foreign documentary filmmakers and industrial investors entering its wild world.
- And in the same way, several volumes of Spirou and Fantasio, who are some of the mentioned documentary filmmakers who are the first to prove the marsupilamis' existence and take one back to France as their pet.
- Many a Scrooge McDuck story.
- The beginning of Iron Man Noir features this.
- Sheena, Queen of the Jungle
- Any Marvel Universe comic that takes place in the Savage Land, home to Ka-Zar.
- Indiana Jones is the example everyone remembers.
- The Librarian is a satirical version.
- Parts of Gunga Din, what with the lost temple and all.
- The Mummy Trilogy
- Secret of the Incas, which was a major inspiration for the adventures of Dr. Jones.
- Avatar is this in space
- The book within the film The Fountain is about a Spanish soldier sent to South America to find a hidden temple with the Tree of Life.
- Carry On Up the Jungle is a parody of this, with the exploring party having different reasons of being on the trip, such as searching for missing people, and looking for exotic birds
- King Solomon's Mines by H. Rider Haggard is the Ur-Example.
- Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's The Lost World (1912) probably counts. The heroes end up on a lost plateau in the South American jungle with dinosaurs, ape-men, diamonds and Everything Trying to Kill You.
- The Jack West series by Matthew Reilly.
- The Serpent, the first novel in Jane Gaskell's Atlan series, takes place in a prehistoric civilization in ancient South America and contains such elements as giant carnivorous birds and a reptile-man villain. The rest of the saga is in the vein of a Lost World but is still rife with jungle hijinks, particularly in The City, in which the heroine returns to her former home.
- O Guarani by Jose De Alencar
- Doc Savage
- Congo by Michael Crichton is a rare modernized version of this trope.
Live Action TV
- Congo is about an expedition into a jungle that uncovers a lost city and a diamond mine.
- Gurps volume Cliffhangers has a lot about this kind of story and how to draw a typical plot of this kind.
- The theme of Venus in Rocket Age, though Ganymede could also qualify.
- The historical wargame The Sword and the Flame has a Darkest Africa variant where this applies in spades — literally, as turning a card tells you whether one of your units has just met Livingstone, been attacked by a lion, or heard drums that cause you to lose a turn in fear.