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- The Trolls in Berserk are this. A savage horde of primitive beasts who eat everything (including the corpses of their own fallen) in their way and kidnap women and drag them down to their lairs to rape, impregnate and kill them in that order. Some of them are smart enough to use human weapons and plate armour however, something which disgusts Isidro when he first sees them.
Films — Animation
Films — Live-Action
- The wendol, apparently relict Neanderthals, in Michael Crichton's The 13th Warrior. This applies more to the book. In the movie it is eventually discovered that the wendol are 100% human, just dressed in bearskins. But they are described by one character as looking like the mating of a man and a beast, so are presumably intended to be a physically primitive human.
- Trog! has the title character as such a being, though he's more sympathetic than most.
- One Million Years B.C. Features these hairy bipeds in a shadowy bit part.
- The Land That Time Forgot (a Burroughs adaptation—see below) and its sequel feature various forms of primitive humans from All Cavemen Were Neanderthals to these guys to recognizably modern humans.
- Moonwatcher and the gang from 2001: A Space Odyssey. They were just your ordinary apes of the savannah until the Sufficiently Advanced Alien artifact taught them basic tool-use and they learned how to fight off predators as a group and use weapons against rival tribes.
- Although it's intended (in-universe) to be an orc, the denuded skeleton which Frodo in Lord of the Rings trips over in Shelob's lair appears to be a chimpanzee's. This suggests that the movie series' orc designs owe more than a nod to this trope.
- The hairy orange monster in Big Trouble in Little China, which looks like it's based on the Yeren from Chinese folklore, below.
- The hostile Wagabu tribe from Quest for Fire are a textbook example: hairy and bestial proto-humans with superhuman strength.
- A rare benevolent example appears in the Ray Harryhausen film Sinbad and the Eye of the Tiger ; called a "troglodyte", it actually looks somewhat more like an ogre, being an eight foot tall, hairy heavy-browed caveman with a small horn atop its head. However, it's explicitly called out as a primitive ancestor of humanity, to the point that the baboonified Prince Kassim can communicate with it. Once its calmed down and realises the humans aren't a threat, it helpfully leads them to Hyperborea and then makes a Heroic Sacrifice against the titular giant sabertoothed tiger.
- This is way Older Than They Think. The medieval European folkloric image of a "woodwose", a primitive human living in the wilderness where the Christian civilization ends, has many similarities with the Frazetta man. Shaggy hair and beard, big club, naked or near-naked — it seems that the modern trope has more to do with the medieval woodwose than with any modern ideas from paleontology or anthropology. They were considered, however, not evil — just the antithesis to everything the civilization of that time stood for: urban life, feudalism, Christian faith and kings' laws. One of the Italian words for woodwose was huorco, which is one theory about where orcs got their name.
- The Chinese also had their own remarkably similar spin on the trope in the red-haired "Yeren", also called "wildman". Nowadays it's often considered to be a cryptid in the same vein as Bigfoot, Sasquatch and Yeti.
- The Earth's Children Series (which starts with Clan of the Cave Bear) by author Jean M. Auel zigzags this trope constantly. For example, the Neandethals of this series are depicted as a very loving and intelligent people and not beast-like (which is what the cro-magnons assume them to be) but they are terribly sexist and patriarchal (the cro-magnons are depicted as existing in an idealized primordial matriarchy, the neanderthal males treat the females as sub-human). They are also depicted as having no verbal language, but they do have a perfectly functioning and complete sign-language which the cro-magnon humans cannot comprehend as a language at all. Also their technology never progresses not because they lack intelligence but because they have an overwhelming Genetic Memory which is static and inherited.
- Edgar Rice Burroughs made liberal use of Frazetta Man in a myriad of incarnations;
- The Wergu (literally "beastmen") from The Lords of Creation, Neanderthals transplanted to the Lost World jungles of terraformed Venus. Played absolutely straight, as vile and filthy creatures who are nothing but menaces to humanity.
- Trolls, Ogres, and Dawn-men from The Elenium by David Eddings are Frazetta Man on steroids, and (at least the Trolls) backed by genuinely powerful (if stupid) gods.
- They're also fairly different from each other — ogres are described more in terms of animals than this trope (which is all we get, since they never actually show up in person) and are huge horned beasts, trolls are unchanging (they don't have to change, because of the aforementioned powerful gods) but actually relatively smart (one of them even engages two of the protagonists in a philosophical debate). Dawn-men are simpler and unchanged — they are the precursor species of trolls and humans brought forward in time by the magics of the bad guys.
- The Morlocks from H. G. Wells' The Time Machine in appearance, though they're actually more sophisticated and technologically advanced than the more human-like Eloi.
- These become the primary antagonists for much of The Lost World (1912), though it is perhaps a bit less Mighty Whitey than some examples because the outsider main characters would be toast without the army of the more human natives of the plateau. Much is made of Professor Challenger's resemblance to the chief of the ape-men.
- In Robert E. Howard's "Shadows In The Moonlight" Conan the Barbarian fights one.
"A gray man-ape," he grunted. "Dumb, and man-eating. They dwell in the hills that border the eastern shore of this sea.
- There's also Thak from "Rogues in the House", though he may be a mild subversion — he's dangerous explicitly because he's smart as well as strong even though he doesn't speak, and Conan himself acknowledges after defeating him that he has "slain a man tonight, not a beast."
- It gets a bit more complex than that when you read Howard's essay on the Hyborian Age and other related materials - it turns out that after the cataclysm that destroyed the previous Thurian Age, several human groups (including King Kull's birth people, Atlanteans), devolved into Frazetta Men shortly after falling back to savagery, and Cimmerians like Conan are explicitly descended from them. Those from Conan's time are the descendants of those who didn't re-evolve back into humans.
- The Picts of Hyboria as depicted in the Conan stories also. They are brutish sub-humans akin to Neanderthals, living in the aptly-named Pictish Wilderness in the uncivilized western parts of the continent. The Kull and Bran Mak Morn stories depict them in more human (and sympathetic) terms, however.
- Subverted in the Doc Savage series. In appearance Monk fits this trope to a tee. However he's of normal human ancestry and a genius.
- In-universe in the Isaac Asimov short story, The Ugly Little Boy, the press make out that a Neanderthal boy (which has been brought forward in time) is an "Ape Boy" to sell more newspapers to the ignorant public. Averted by the boy himself, as he is intelligent, learns to speak English and read, and likes playing.
- Played straight by Doris Lessing in The Fifth Child. The titular fifth child born to the Lovatt family is some kind of evolutionary throwback who destroys their domestic bliss.
- Subverted in the sequel, Ben in the World, in which we see the world from Ben's point of view.
- Related to the Folklore entry above. The Lord of the Rings has the Woses themselves and they show the Rohirrim the way through the Druadan forest. In reward King Elessar gives them the Wood in perpetuity, and they are never seen again. Interestingly, the Rohirrim say that the Woses remind them of their old legends of the Pukel-men, a word meaning the same as "woodwose". They receive an expanded backstory in The Silmarillion and Unfinished Tales.
- In Exalted, should you see a Neanderthal-ish individual while traveling underground, usually in a large horde, he is not this trope. He's a Warrior Caste Mountain Folk, born to a Badass Army attached to a civilization of Gadgeteer Geniuses and likely no slouch when building and maintaining his own Magitek. The "horde" around him is likely his platoon, sent out to exterminate a nest of the Always Chaotic Evil Darkbrood or recently having finished said nest off. And is just as likely to be a she. Please do not throw rocks.
- In Rocket Age the Grey Chanari are the possible descendants of the first attempts at genetically engineering labourers created by the Canal era Martians. So unintelligent that they aren't even considered Martian by the other Chanari tribes, they are frequently lead by escaped Julandri labourers, a race known for their own unintelligence and gonky appearance.
- In Brütal Legend, the Headbangers are a silly version of Frazetta Men. They are built like Neanderthals, and only know how to bang their heads against rocks for mining purposes, so they are used as slave labor without the need of bars and chains. The Hero then introduces them to Heavy Metal, and compels them to bang their heads for freedom instead. They gain intelligence as the story goes by, building cars and weapons.
- Common foes in the jungles of Quest for Glory III.
- During the third act of Titan Quest, set in Asia, there are plenty of Neanderthal enemies met on the mountains from Parthia to the Mongolian cliffs. They have both fighters and shamans, and sometimes they ride saber-tooth lions in battle. You also get to meet their warchief, who's a colossal Yerren.
- Some Pokémon may be closer to us than you think. Look up a picture of an Infernape. Now look very closely. What do you notice? (Hint:it's the feet!)
- Frazetta Men called the Primords appear in the third episode of G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero, where the uncharted region of Darkest Africa that they inhabit becomes the crash-site for a fallen G.I. Joe satellite.
- Frazetta Men called, simply, the Tree Men appear in an episode of Dino-Boy. They have tails like lions, but otherwise are clearly ape-men, and worship vulture-pterodactyls by offering up Human Sacrifices. In the end, Ugh saves Dino Boy from becoming a vulture-dactyl's meal by stampeding a mastodon herd through their village.
- A few feature in Fire and Ice, not surprisingly.
- The theories of Danny Vendramini paint a picture of Neanderthals very much like this trope. According to him, they were brutal, bestial (but intelligent) savages resembling demonic gorillas more than the reconstructions seen in museums, and they preyed on homo sapiens both carnivorously and carnally. However, this is a very fringe theory. Most scientists view it as absurd, and point out that it is mostly based on conjecture, with a lack of any hard evidence.