Elaine May (born Elaine Iva Berlin; April 21, 1932) is an American actress, writer and filmmaker from Philadelphia. Her earliest fame came in the late 1950s, as half of the improvisational comedy team Nichols and May, with partner Mike Nichols.
In 1971, she wrote and directed her first film, A New Leaf, in which she also starred along with Walter Matthau. The original three-hour cut of the film was heavily edited by the studio, which caused May to disclaim the final version of the film.
Her next film, The Heartbreak Kid (1972), was written by Neil Simon and gave Charles Grodin his first starring film role. A critical favorite (even earning a couple Academy Award nominations), it has long been considered a comedy classic and was remade in 2007.
It was followed by Mikey and Nicky (1976), a mob-themed drama starring John Cassavetes and Peter Falk. Once again May faced Executive Meddling, resulting in legal action between her and the studio, which delayed the film's release by several years.
Her last film as writer and director, Ishtar (1987), starred Warren Beatty and Dustin Hoffman. It was widely panned by critics and audiences on release but has gained in esteem over the years, and is frequently cited as a favorite of directors such as Martin Scorsese and Quentin Tarantino.
In addition to her own directorial efforts, May has written or co-written the screenplays for such films as Beatty's Heaven Can Wait (1978) and Nichols' The Birdcage (1996) and Primary Colors (1998), and has appeared as a comedic actress in a number of other films. She remains an active writer.