The refrain of Blazing Saddles is clearly based on the refrain to the hymn "Yes, Jesus Loves Me"
Likewise, the chorus of Twisted Sister's We're Not Gonna Take It is (admittedly) derived from the Christmas hymn O Come All Ye Faithful.
Twisted Sister did a cover of "O Come All Ye Faithful" that sounds almost identical and even used a few of the same guitar riffs.
Several places in the soundtrack of Titanic (1997), such as at 0:50 of Southampton, and the entire soundtrack of composer Joel Mcneely's Disney's Iron Will is suspiciously similar to Stephen Foster's classic song "Jeanie With The light Brown Hair".
The song "Let's All Sing Like the Birdies Sing" in Disneyland/Disney World's Enchanted Tiki Room is suspiciously similar to Offenbach's "Barcarolle" from The Tales Of Hoffmann (also called "Belle Nuit" from Les Comtes d'Hoffmann).
Several parts of James Horner's Stealing The Enterprise, Battle In The Mutura Nebula, and Genesis Countdown in Star Trek II and Star Trek III was later reused in his own score for the The Rocketeer and parts of the score was reused in Walt Disney World's Fountain of Nations in Epcot.
The Phantom Menace uses a knockoff of the third movement of Dvorak's ninth symphony in the lightsaber battle at the end.
The main theme of the series played during the title crawls combines elements from Dukas' "The Sorcerer's Apprentice" and Tchaikovsky's "Marche Slave".
John Williams has done it before; the Imperial March from The Empire Strikes Back (and just about every subsequent movie in the series) is suspiciously similar to Chopin's Funeral March, with elements of Gustav Holst's Mars: Bringer of War movement from The Planets (the metre is changed and the order of the themes is mixed up a bit, but the similarities are fairly striking).
Especially during the Battle of Yavin, which also interpolates part of Jupiter: The Bringer of Jollity during the "X Wings Draw Fire" segment.
The main motif of the Ewok theme sounds a lot like the March from Prokofiev's "Love for Three Oranges".
Tattooine theme in A New Hope doesn't even try to hide the fact it's Rite of Spring.
"Augie's Great Municipal Band" music in the same movie is suspiciously similar to "The Emperor" music in Return of the Jedi. Part of the "A New Hope" music in Revenge of the Sith is suspiciously similar to of "Hedwig's Theme" from the Harry Potter series.
Although in the case of the former, that's the whole point. It's intended to invoke the Emperor's theme, the newly-elected Chancellor Palpatine being the Emperor and all.
"Make 'Em Laugh" from Singin' in the Rain bears more than a small resemblance to Cole Porter's "Be a Clown", which had appeared a few years earlier in MGM's The Pirate.
Gone with the Wind uses a Suspiciously Similar Song to Offenbach's "Galop Infernal" (or "The Cancan Song") in a restaurant Scarlett and Rhett visit when on their honeymoon - for some reason, since it's a public domain song (and probably was even back when it was filmed).
Tara's theme from the same movie also sounds a tad like Debussy's "Clair de Lune".
The rape/seduction scene in Akira Kurosawa's Rashomon is set to music that sounds suspiciously like Ravel's Bolero. The composer claimed he wanted to create something that sounded more original (and more appropriately Japanese) but Kurosawa kept pushing him back towards Bolero.
The "Stairway to Heaven" scene from Wayne's World uses a Suspiciously Similar Song in the home video version. In the original theatrical release, they used the actual "Stairway" intro.
John Williams again. The love theme from Superman "Can you read my mind" sounds suspiciously like the Verklarung (Transfiguration) motif from Richard Strauss's tone-poem "Tod und Verklarung" (Death and Transfiguration).
The cultists performing a human sacrifice in Young Sherlock Holmes (not to be confused with the otherSherlock Holmes movie with cultists performing a human sacrifice) chant a song which also rips off "O Fortuna".
In the movie adaptation of Ghost World, the character Doug blares some heavy metal from his car stereo - it sounds a lot like an instrumental knockoff of Metallica's "Master Of Puppets".
For his film version of Dune, David Lynch wanted the scenes set on Caladan to be scored with ambient string music based on the first movement of Dmitri Shostakovich's 11th Symphony.
Zimmer is notorious for composing similar-sounding themes, mostly because he favours a standard "action movie theme" rhythm and chord progression. This also affects his slower pieces. Time from Inception does sound an awful lot like Tennessee from Pearl Harbor. Lots of the score from Gladiator also seems to turn up in the Pirates of the Caribbean films, similarly with King Arthur and Pirates again.
The opening credits music for WarGames is a slightly tweaked version of the overture to Georges Bizet's opera Carmen.
Sesame Street uses the unmodified tune of Fugue no. 2 for the "Monsterpiece Theatre" theme: "ABCDE, EFGHI, HIJKLMN, O-oP...."
The fight theme from the unreleased The Fantastic Four by Eric and David Wurst is basically John William's "Here They Come" from A New Hope. While the Theme song is more or less shades of "the Main Theme" from Jurassic Park.
Somewhat averted in the DVD release of Where the Buffalo Roam, as the new songs don't sound anything like the ones used in the original movie. Still pretty lame, though.
We couldn't / get the rights / to the real / song / so we had / some dude / write / this one / but we / had to / put him / in the / movie. / Here he is. / (shot of crowd scene with one person in the background circled) Totally/ Worth It
In the Film Casablanca, the original script called for the two dueling anthems to be La Marsaillaise, the French National Anthem, and Das Horst-Wessel Lied, the official anthem of the Nazi Party, and the second part of the National Anthem of Germany after the Deutschlandlied / Deutschland Ueber Alles. However, Warner Brothers intervened, pointing out that Horst Wessel was at the time under the copyright of the Nazi Party. If the movie were only being screened in Allied nations, it would not have been an issue (as the Allies weren't interested in upholding the IP of a nation that was doing its best to destroy them), but as the film was also going to be distributed in neutral nations, where Germany could cause legal headaches for Warner Bros, they asked that the song not be used. In the film as finished, they used the similar in theme and sound Die Wacht Am Rhein, a 19th century song (which, for obvious reasons, had nothing to do with the Nazis).
Deep Blue Sea includes a suspiciously similar version of Madonna's "La Isla Bonita".
In the Heat of the Night has a scene where a character dances to a novelty-ish tune called "Fowl Owl on the Prowl", which sounds more than a little like Sam the Sham's '60s hit "Li'l Red Riding Hood". This was no accident, as the filmmakers actually wanted to use the latter song but couldn't get the licensing.
The Prologue/curse Leitmotif from Disney's Beauty and the Beast is based on "Aquarium" from Saint-Saëns's Carnival of the Animals. The titular theme of the movie also sounds like "Groovy Kind of Love" played by a classical orchestra. "Kill the Beast" further sounds like a "dark" version of the theme to The Dick van Dyke Show.
It is blatantly obvious that "I See the Light" from Tangled was based on "A Whole New World" from Aladdin. Both songs even include the line "It's Crystal Clear" with practically the same notation.
The finish of "Part of That World" in The Little Mermaid ("Out of the sea/Wish I could be/Part of that world") is Ashman and Menken copying one of their own songs, "Somewhere that's Green" from Little Shop of Horrors ("Far from Skid Row/I dream we'll go/Somewhere that's green").
"Fathoms Below" is similar to the traditional sea chanty "Bound for the Rio Grande (Away Rio)".
"Colors of the Wind" from Disney's Pocahontas sounds a lot like the 2nd movement of Dvorak's New World Symphony, which was itself composed to sound like Native American music. Coincidence? Probably not.
The theme to 12 Monkeys is heavily based on Ástor Piazzolla's Suite Punta del Este I. Introduccion: Allegro pesante. While it starts off on similar notes it diverges at several points.
John Dunbar's theme in Dances with Wolves sounds like "Taps" (the music played when a soldier dies) fed through a classical orchestra.
In Morozko (released in the US as Jack Frost), when Father Frost returns home to find Nastenka under the effects of his magic staff, the music that plays is similar to the intro to Cursed Sanctuary from Castlevania: Symphony of the Night.
The song "Rotten to the Core" from Descendants has a beat reminiscent of Britney Spears' "Work Bitch", especially during the chorus.
"Faith" from Sing sounds very similar to Pharrell Williams' "Happy" from another Illumination film, "Despicable Me 2'', as well as the KARA song "Wanna".