Un Equal Rites

V's a wizard, for the record.

"A wizard being called a sorcerer is sort of like having a PhD and someone telling you that you only managed to graduate because you have natural talent.
"A wizard being called a warlock is like having a PhD and being told you only managed to graduate because you gave the dean a quickie in the alley behind the movie theater."

It's not uncommon to see a lot of rivalry between magicians in a fantasy setting, be it due to academic pride, competitive spirits, or plain jealousy. This is especially common if the setting has Mutually Exclusive Magic… and even if it all comes from the same source.

Much like the rivalry involved in Magic Versus Science, magic users will be prejudiced against each other based on their philosophy regarding magic, how they study it, and/or how they cast spells. You'll frequently see mages versus wizards versus witches versus clerics versus shamans versus druids deep breath versus warlocks versus monks versus psions. Put another way, a wizard of Ritual Magic will sneer at a bard who approaches magic as music, casting spells based on poetic rules. And of course both will scoff at the cleric whose magic is based on articles of faith rather than academic or artistic viewpoints.

Frequently the themes behind the various forms of magic will take one of the various points within Functional Magic. Magicians who follow Magic A Is Magic A will be academic, studious, and always "researching" new spells. Artistic mages usually have some form of Functional Magic that they tap into in unconventional ways. Hermetic Magic practitioners follow ritual like academic magicians but usually ignore the “how” and “why” in favor of theological explanations or even plain old faith. Expect these mages to be on differing sides of Harmony Versus Discipline, with some seeking to “control” magic, others to “channel” it, and some to understand and influence it.

Objectively, expect all these magical approaches to be valid in their own right, usually have Competitive Balance,(ex. ritual magic is usually stronger than any other magic, but takes longer, and requires spell components, while academic wizards usually need only to speak-or even think- to use a spell, but requires great training, study, and disipline) while and at times capable of a Yin-Yang Bomb when various disciplines collaborate. One frequent representation of this is the Trash Talk seen when people with opposite Elemental Powers fight each other. Only very rarely will these settings reveal there are Red Mages who combine these varying forms of magic.

This trope is named for the Discworld book Equal Rites.

Mages that ignore differences and mix-n-match supposedly-incompatible varieties of magic are described under The Red Mage. Compare Magic Versus Science, and Hard on Soft Science, since usually one approach will be more scientific than the other. Of course, if you throw in science as well, expect all degrees of deadly projectiles to start flying.

For a trope that covers a (usually) different kind of prejudice among fantasy characters, see Fantastic Racism. Compare Klingon Scientists Get No Respect.


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     Anime and Manga 
  • In the first movie to Cardcaptor Sakura, it is revealed that Clow Reed had a rival in the form of a water-diviner known only as Madoushi. She was always trying to outdo him, but he always prevailed, mainly because her power was used mainly for personal gain (thus limiting its potential), and Clow Reed used it for other (benevolent) purposes too. The rivalry is complicated because she had feelings for him, which may have been reciprocated...but she became a threat and had to be sealed away in an alternate dimension by Clow. (In the English dubbed version, she is a former student of his who actually became his girlfriend...and then turned to The Dark Side, whereupon Clow broke up with her and then sealed her away.)

  • In Diana Wynne Jones's Chrestomanci Chronicles, there are levels and ranks in magic from "the lowest certified witch" to the most powerful nine-lived enchanters. Passing references are made to people being sorcerers, magicians, hedgewitchs, warlocks, hags (though the last three are insulting).
  • In Tamora Pierce's Circle of Magic series, the two types of mages (ambient and academic) each view the other with derision; the academics viewed the ambients as backwater weaklings, and the ambients viewed the academics as stuffy snobs. Academic mages are those who have an inner font of plain power that they can channel into any direction they want. However, ambient mages have a different magic which only responds to (and can act upon) the magic within the outside world, and is associated with a certain discipline, such as metalworking, cooking, or gardening. Nearly all of the protagonists are ambient mages. And if you thought any kind of ambient magic could be useless or silly? No. NONE of them are.
  • Discworld witches versus Discworld wizards? There is considerable philosophical difference. Witches are village wisewomen who perform some unintrusive magic, but mostly use tricks and "headology", though they're able to do pretty powerful stuff if they need to. Wizards go to Wizarding School and spend long years learning, similarly, not to use serious magic unless absolutely necessary. The differences between them are mostly in their public image and in the kind of magic they... aren't using. Equal Rites examined this, as it's about a girl who has a talent for wizardry, although she's also a skilled witch. When she shows up again some twenty books later, she's drifted more towards witchcraft, but still has a talent for quantum-based Magi Babble (the Elasticated String Theory) that would fit well in the High Energy Magic Building.
    Why was it that when she heard Granny ramble on about witchcraft she longed for the cutting magic of wizardry, but whenever she heard Treatle speak in his high-pitched voice she would fight to the death for witchcraft? She’d be both or none at all.
    • The point of the Wizards at UU is to not use magic. You don't want ambitious, greedy or idealistic people with magic, because as is continually pointed out magic has a price! Recently they seem to be making a better contribution to society by studying and building magic devices, and other more useful applications rather than just throwing fireballs around.
      • Necromancy, AKA Post-Mortem Communication, has a bad reputation on Discworld, yet its practitioners are formally permitted a modest degree of misbehavior under University statute. Fortunately, the allowed misconduct only rises to the level of being a bloody nuisance, not outright hostility.
    • Aside from the rivalry between wizards and witches, there is also generational disconnect. Whereas old wizards believe that magic is all about rune circles and stuffed alligators, young wizards believe it's about splitting magical particles. Old witches believe magic is mostly psychology, while young witches believe it involves harmonizing with Nature and use of crystals. And, as Granny Weatherwax would say, dancin' around without yer drawers on. All of these views happen to be correct, in one way or another.
    • Prior to Ridcully's administration, members of the eight Orders of Wizardry often engaged in taunting and one-upmanship between themselves. Subverted in that by the time the series hits its stride, the existence of these Orders has faded into the background, so we don't get to see what differences (if any) spurred their old rivalries. Most likely everyone who cared wiped each other out in the mage war in Sourcery in any case.
    • There are also lesser grades within or affiliated to wizardry: student wizards who fail their final exams are often directed to socially and professionally more lowly supporting roles such as thaumatology, or the even lower and more despised conjuring. If a basic degree in wizardry equates to a B.A. degree, thaumatology could be seen as the lesser HND or City and Guilds qualification. Conjuring might be, by comparison, an NVQ. Or for American readers, a community college diploma as opposed to an Ivy League degree.
    • All of this rivalry is rather beside the point, however, as the most powerful magic in Discworld history was that of sourcerers, not witches or wizards. (Witches and wizards, in different ways, manipulate the Background Magic Field of the Discworld, sourcerers radiate magic.) And the most brilliant magic-user still around today isn't a human at all, but Hex, a Magitek A.I. which doesn't even have a gender.
    • Reaper Man also parodied the arcane/divine debate with an argument between Archchancellor Ridcully and the High Priest of Blind Io (who happened to be brothers). While the two of them are throwing jovial barbs at each other, they have to stop quickly to prevent the other wizards and priests from murdering each other.
  • The Dresden Files has a regimented system of this:
    • A Practitioner is anyone or anything corporeal with magical power of any sort. Human Practitioners often but not exclusively get it through matrilineal inheritance.
    • A Wizard is a Practitioner with both the power and versatility necessary to join the White Council, almost like being certified for a profession by a standards board.
    • A Sorcerer/Sorceress is a medium to heavyweight Practitioner: they might be marginally too weak, marginally not versatile enough, or marginally too untaught to be allowed in, or might not want to be a member the White Council.
    • Sometimes, Practitioners with raw power but not versatility are referred to as Talents.
    • A Warlock is anyone who uses Black Magic regardless of power or versatility, and a Witch is a non-technical synonym for Warlock. Note: in the Dresdenverse, technical uses of magic-related honorifics are gender-neutral unless specified.
    • Illustrative examples:
      • The White Council is the body of all known Wizards from around the world. There are few enough of them that they can be a direct democracy with a small Senior Council, most of whom also have other roles. The Wardens, a subset of the Council, police the magical community, enforce standards on the quality of Wizards, and occasionally defend humanity from the gibbering monsters from beyond.
      • Binder and Mortimer Lindquist are Talents, because while they're immensely good at summoning and ectomancy (essentially non-evil necromancy) respectively, they can't do much else.
      • The Paranet is a safety net for non-Wizard practitioners. Imagine if Aggressive Negotiations and Collective Bargaining had a baby.
      • Harry and Elaine were sorcerers under DuMorne's tutelage. Harry went on to become a Wizard, while Elaine deliberately underplayed her talents to stay off their radar and remained a sorcerer.
      • Kemmler was a famous Warlock, who specialized in necromancy but wasn't limited to it.
      • Du Morne was an odd combination in that he was both a Wizard and a Warlock, practicing black magic in secret while a member and even Warden of the White Council.
      • Non-humans can have magic as well, but they use it differently and the system of categorization seems to break down a bit when talking about them. The Black Court vampire Mavra is described under it as being a sorcerer good enough to be a Wizard - but as a vampire she couldn't join the Council, and she uses magic that would get her called a Warlock if she were human. No one seems to try to apply it to fairies at all.
      • "Burn the Witch" of Biblical fame was, according to Harry, an intentional mistranslation from hating Warlocks to hating Wizards.
      • Technically speaking anyone can do certain kinds magic - but their ability to sense magical energy is limited to the heebie-jeebies, which tells that that dark magic was used nearby- and nothing else. Proper practitioners can sense it more finely, and wizards have the Sight- the ability to open their metaphysical Third Eye and actually SEE the magic, and the spell, allowing them to copy it.
  • In Fable Haven, Wizards are dragons that took human form permanently to drastically increase their magical powers, witches are mortals who have somehow learned dark magic, and magicians and warlocks are... something. The only thing known about them is that they(and witches) make up the bulk of those who claim to be wizards. The genuine article is quite rare and much more powerful. Due to their millennia long lifespan, a remnant of the immortality they possessed as dragons, they tend to be the Wizard Classic.
  • In Eric Nylund's A Game of Universe, the direct magic-users (Muses) are looked down upon by psychologists, who can also do magic. The Psychologists think the Muses are misusing raw mental power by wrapping it up in mysticism, but the Muses think that their powers are supernatural in origin and can't be explained by psychological means.
  • In Harry Potter, most non-Divination wizards consider Divination to be useless. Divination is described by Professor McGonagall as "one of the most imprecise branches of magic". Supporters of the subject claim that it is an inexact science that requires innate gifts. Those opposed claim that the subject is irrelevant and fraudulent. Sybil Trelawney, the professor of Divination, appears to be totally inept at it, as Hermione never fails to point out; in fact, Hermione drops the class as useless. Sybil's predictions are almost always wrong or obviously fraudulent, with the exception of the two regarding Voldemort, which she has no memory of, and the prediction of Dumbledore's death in the sixth book, which she herself disregards as incorrect.
    • She can't make accurate predictions when she tries, but her offhand comments are frequently spot-on.
    • As a kind-of running gag, the predictions that Harry and Ron tend to make up for their homework (Professor Trelawney always gives good grades to tragic predictions) almost always come true, with the only exception that they don't die as a result.
  • In the Doctrine of Labyrinths world, there tends to be a different school of magic in each country, so a lot of the rivalry is tied up with politics. Most wizards don't study other schools of magic for this reason, even though they would probably be capable of more than one type of spells. Also, wizards visiting another country have to be very careful what they do—for example, in Melusine it's considered heresy to cast a spell of any kind on a person.
  • All the different cultures in Robert Jordan's The Wheel of Time have different ideas on how to handle magic: Aes Sedai, Aiel Wise Ones, Seanchan damane and sul'dam, and so on. All think that their way is the Only Way, and that the other cultures' ways are stupid, criminal and/or dangerous. The attitude to male magicians - a necessary evil, or plain evil? - causes a deep split within the Aes Sedai, and the power struggle between different Ajahs may also count.
    • Furthermore, male and female spellcasting are similar in principle, but feel entirely different. Female spellcasters embrace their source of magic and exist in harmony with it, whereas men must seize their source and constantly struggle with it (and that's even when it's not corrupted with pure evil). Similar spells can work on entirely different principles - a man teleports by forcing apart a gap in the fabric of the universe, whereas a woman teleports by blending together two places until they overlap, and each describes the other method as "impossible". Finally, the two types of magic used together are orders of magnitude more powerful than either used separately.
      • There are also differences in power levels, men are on average stronger but can't combine their powers without women, women are on average individually less powerful but can form circles of up to 13 women (and a circle of 13 women can overpower any male channeler). Additionally strength in the different types of magic varies between the genders, men tend to be more powerful with Earth and Fire magic while women are more powerful with Water and Air (the fifth type, Spirit, has minimal variation between genders).
    • The Aes Sedai vs. Wise Ones vs. Windfinder vs. damane split - that is, the place of female channelers in society - is just an instance of Culture Clash, which the series is full of. The different methods required for male vs. female magic is a better example of Unequal Rites, as are the varying approaches to all the non-channeling kinds of magic out there, particularly foresight: wolfbrothers, Foretellings, Dreaming and Min's viewings. We have never seen anyone use more than one of the above and no one agrees on how reliable any of them are.
      • Also not helping at all is the sheer size of the ego of everyone involved, and their inability to admit that they might be wrong.
    • There's also something of a direct conflict between natural dream-walkers (most of them wolves rather than humans) and channeler dream-walkers, and the channelers tend to deride the wolf-blooded as inferior at best, monsters at worst.
    • Also worth noting is luck/fate magic, which usually essentially functions as basic plot armor to the person possessing it, causing them to regard it as something mundane to the point of barely being magical at all, whereas everyone that's not the actual possessor of the magic tends to have their life spontaneously rearranged in disproportionate ways (your wife leaves you and you're raped by a roving pack of demons so that the hat you drop falls in a puddle and keeps a luck mage from accidentally getting his boot wet) so you get a running debate between the one guy that thinks the power's no big deal and the thousands upon thousands that are pretty sure it qualifies him as a god.
  • Lawrence Watt-Evans' The Legends of Ethshar series has a large number of different types of magic, several of which are strongly opposed to one another. In-world, different experts have classified magic into between 3 (psionic, clerical, arcane) to 12 different disciplines! The main ones are (deep breath): Wizardry (rituals, requires components, taps into raw chaos, possibly the most powerful), Sorcery (use of "talismans" which appear to be some form of ultra-advanced technology such as a genetic scanner and a wand that acts as a machine gun and grenade launcher), witchcraft (psychic powers including telepathy and telekinesis, as tiring to use as doing something by hand), warlockry (a different form of psychic powers, stronger and not tiring, but as it gets stronger with use, eventually draws one to the source of the power never to be seen again; said source is either a meteor, crashed UFO, or Lovecraftian Horror that no-one can get near without becoming a warlock too powerful to resist its call), theurgy (priests call upon gods to manifest and aid them, no priest can be heard by more than a handful of gods, each only capable within their narrow specialty), demonology (calling and binding demons), and things such as herbalism, science, ritual dance, necromancy and prestidigitation have all been mentioned at one point! Clearly priests and demonologists hate one another, as do wizards and sorcerers; there was a major war which the priests and wizards won when the gods and demons took to the field themselves after 200 years of fighting. Warlocks are new and regarded with suspicion, but can work well with witches (power and precision working together) as a Yin-Yang Bomb. *pant, pant, pant* The politics of magic is a major underlying theme of the series.
  • In A Madness Of Angels, though Wizards (who control magic through rules) and Sorcerers (who draw on raw magical power) get along reasonably well, they both have very little respect for Warlocks, who earn magical powers by bargaining with the various spirits in the area.
  • Wizards of the witcherworld tend to look down on priests, considering their power to be just magic achieved through mysticism and meditation rather than training.
  • Iar Elterrus:
    • Burden of the Emperor features the conflict between the wizards and in general arcane spellcasters of the titular Empire and the priests of the setting's dominant monotheistic religion, which blooms into a full-scale world war involving the attempt to summon an Eldritch Abomination.
    • Gray Sword setting: regular mages draw their power from a certain specialty, e.g. Fire, Wind or Pain. The latter grants the already Crapsack World setting a "pain counter" device, just to make sure the torturers don't cut nobody no slack.
  • Valentin Ivashchenko's works:
    • Warrior and mage novels:
      • Prior to the series' events, a war to extinction between the last grandmaster necromancer and the alliance of everything else.
      • Full-scale war between human-dwarf-hobbit empire of arcane mages and human supremacy priest state.
      • Cold war between said empire and elven "tree-hugger" kingdom.
      • The Empire masterminds the destruction of the snake god's state.
    • Honour, Rapier and a little Wizarding: arcane human empire's wizards and mages, elven nature mages and the creatures of chaos.
    • Revenge of the Cursed: civil war: mages and varied sentient races versus human supremacy church.
  • Vitalij Zykov's Return series (pentalogy to be continued): almost every culture has it's own magic specialty, with free-for-all relations between states and schools of magic. Pick your flavor: tribal orc shamans, tribal human shamans, innate human wizards, academic human and dwarven wizards discriminated against by the innate ones, academic human necromancers, "light" elven life-mages (who use the proficiency at upkeeping life for unparalleled torture), "dark" elven conjurers and dragons who use their own flavors of arcane spells and necromancy. The world also had two sentient species, referenced as Reptarh and Reptohors, who fought to mutual annihilation. The Reptohors magic is largely unknown and forgotten, but might have specialized on interacting with mind and consiousness. The Reptarh magic, learned by the protagonist in an Exposition Beam relic, can be used to interact with and upgrade every other human magic, while being different from them.
  • Alexey Pehov's Wind and Sparks series occurs as the two-millennia conflict between the white (arcane, hermetic) and the black (priest-like necromantic) schools erupts into yet another continent-spanning war. Plus there's a ritualistic red school which could have abstained from the conflict, but supported the whites. Technically, the empire housing the white school wins, but the gray school, which actually gave birth to the white and black ones, is reborn. For deeper rundown of schools see the series page.
  • Sergej Luk'yanenko's Night Watch shows a more benign example - wizards, sorcerers, warlocks were originally direct spellcasters, while witches and enchanters specialized in creating powerful artefacts. As of the series' events, there are almost no pure representants of those traditions, although the Inquisition often issues their operatives rare or obscure artefacts to give them a certain combat advantage.
  • The Star Wars EU books feature Force users who are not Jedi knights. They have some very different ideas about what the Force is or how to use it, and some of them have fallen under condemnation from both the Jedi Council and George Lucas because of it.
  • In Delia Marshall Turner's Nameless Magery the protagonist, who comes from a world where magic is revered as a sentient, semi-divine force with a personality of its own, experiences culture clash when she lands on a planet where the mages fear magic and treat it as a dangerous tool that needs to be handled carefully.
  • There's a few minor cases of this in The Magicians, though it takes place only at Brakebills. Intermediate students are sorted into certain groups based on their magical disciplines, and several of these groups have long-standing rivalries: for example, the Physical Kids- who practice messy physics-based wizardry- despise the Naturals with a passion.
  • One of the worst insults you can deliver to a sorcerer in the Belgariad is to call him a "magician". Sorcerers use their Will, focused by a Word, to perform their feats. Magicians tell their (hopefully-)bound demons to go do something. There are also references to witches, who work with nature spirits.
  • The Earthsea Trilogy makes a distinction between "true" magic (based on an ancient language, studied in a Wizarding School, practiced only by men) and several lesser forms of magic, including sorcery, illusionism and village witches. There are also other forms of religious magic in different cultures.
  • The Enchanted Forest Chronicles has:
    • Wizards: Use staves to cast magic, often grow beards, absorb magic from their surroundings to use later through their staffs, and seem to store the magic in them. Nobody likes them, especially not the main characters, dragons in general, or anyone with their own magic. They in turn don't like dragons, fire-witches, or any of the main characters.
    • Magicians: Can cast a number of different spells picked up from studying a number of different sources. Often mistaken for other magic users, such as wizards, which annoys them. Innately curious about other kinds of magic, highly scientific in their studies, prone to Techno Babble, these habits annoy others.
    • Witches: Use cats and objects innate magic in their spells. Broomsticks are only reliable transportation for them. They get along reasonably well with other magic-users, but make it a point to keep everyone else scared enough of them to leave them alone.
    • Fire-witches: Innate magic users, immune to most spells, and to fire which they have a special affinity for, can instinctively control spells, even by other casters. Wizards must be careful not to absorb their magic, the results end badly for the wizard. All fire-witches share a few personality traits and most are unpredictable but reasonably hospitable/friendly, but there are a few who are down right nasty. Most people are at least a little scared of any fire-witches they meet.
    • Dragon Magic: Normally only used by dragons, a few others have picked up a few spells of this type. Not the kind of magic most people expect to see, so anyone who recognizes it will be surprised and impressed. Rare enough that there are no hard and fast rules on how its users are seen by other magic users, so they are judged more on their individual temperaments than anything else. However, they definitely tend to like Dragons and are seen as friendly enough that a Dragon will teach them.
    • Sorceresses: Mentioned briefly as having gotten a reputation for being helpful. Now they all have to live in remote and hard to get to places to avoid being bothered all the time with requests for aid.
  • There is quite some rivalry between Witches and Wizards in Septimus Heap, especially about Mother Nature and the situations in which Magyk is to be used.
  • Oddly enough, Oz Books lean on this trope. Witches and Wizards, of course, are considered the highest of all magic users. But then you have sorcerers and sorceresses, common conjurers, alchemists (those who mix magic potions and powders), and the like. Conjurers and alchemists seem to be the lower-end.
  • The Lyndon Hardy trilogy has several types of magic users, with some disparagement betwixt.
  • The Obsidian Trilogy: Ritualized High Magick is in conflict with Wild Magic. The High Mages of Armethalieh look down on Wild Mages as evil Demon-worshippers, while the elites among them hide High Magick's history as a magic created through use of Wild Magic itself. True Wild Mages are invariably good people, while many High Mages are corrupt. Is probably comes from the fact that Wild Magic is mostly outside mortal control, and its spells are just deals made with the Wild Magic, whild High Magick is solely in human control.
  • The War Gods features several forms of magic. There are the Traditional Wizards, aka Wand Wizards, who are now either all but extinct or gone evil, Wild Wizards, Mages, and Clerics. Elves used to be another class of Sorcerers, but were considered too dangerous since their power could manifest spontaneously without training and were on the losing side of the Wizard War.
    • Wand Wizards use tools to manipulate the magical field, and must have a human parent. They made up the aristocratic class of the old Empire, and the white wizards were all but killed off in the Fall. Black wizards are alive and well, and 'won' Kontovar. They act as a villain for the story. Wencit is the only White Wizard around in the story today, but he's also a wild wizard.
    • Wild Wizards are able to be trained as Wand Wizards, but also have their own internal link to the magic field. Only three are described so far, Wencit, the Emperor Ottovar, who ended the Wizard Wars, and Prince Herrick, who caused the Fall of Kontovar. They also live a much longer life, although not immortal.
    • Mages are able to manipulate the magic field internally to produce powers, they are psionic in nature, but in numbers quite useful.
    • Clerics and champions channel the power of their god, provided they have their favor. Their own strength is essential to this, although evil can cheat by using human sacrifices to summon.
    • Elves used to be warlocks, able to use magic naturally, but were very prone to darkness. Emperor Ottovar crafted the spell which changed how they accessed the magical field to give them enhanced life at the cost of power.
    • The other races have different connections as well, mostly preventing them having magic. The Dwarves can do psionic stonework. Hdrani have the rage as well as strength and speed. Halfings....
  • Dragaera divides magic into witchcraft and sorcery. Witchcraft is Ritual Magic mostly practiced by Easterners (baseline humans.) Sorcery is a power anyone with citizenship in the empire can use: a powerful artifact called the Orb can be called upon mentally by anyone in Dragaera to fuel a wide variety of spells. Apparently it controls the energy/substance/something known as Chaos, the normally dangerously unstable power behind all magic. (The third kind of magic is direct manipulation of the stuff. Since it tends to get out of control and consume all in its path, trying it is a highly discouraged dead last resort.) Vlad Taltos is a user of both (and tried to command chaos once when the Godzilla Threshold had been crossed. Fortunately, Aliera was there to keep it from expanding too much and leaving a Sea of Chaos where the city used to be.)
  • Pact: Practitioners come in a variety of Master of One Magic flavors, but none are more feared and hated than Diabolist. This is for very good reason, as the creatures that diabolists deal with are the antithesis of creation, and each time one is brought into the world it diminishes the world as a whole-light gets a little less bright, people get a little less kind, and lucky breaks that save lives happen more infrequently.
  • Dragon Keeper Trilogy: Sorcerers and Necromancers are not the same thing, not that we see much of sorcerers.
  • In the Craft Sequence, there are two fundamentally different ways of working magic. First came Practical Theology— making (very binding) pacts with gods, who in return for worship both worked direct miracles and empowered their priests as divine spellcasters. Then, much more recently, the Craft was developed— magic woven from starlight by pure human will. A nearly-genocidal (nearly omnicidal, in fact) series of God Wars ensued between practitioners of the two arts. Craftspeople won, but the terms of the peace were at least tolerable for most Theologians and their surviving Gods.
  • In R. Scott Bakker's The Second Apocalypse, all users of magic must belong to a school of sorcery. Each school approaches sorcery from a completely different angle. The schools are all essentially at war with each other for dominance, the secrets of each others' sorcery, or both. Those who are not in a school are called wizards and will be killed by any sorcerer who discovers them, making them extremely rare and short-lived. Women who use magic are called witches and are outlawed, making them also extremely rare. Sorcery is considered an abomination to religious types, but there are also magical abilities granted directly from the Gods, though these are much more nebulous.
  • In C. S. Lewis The Magician's Nephew, Jadis holds Andrew Ketterley in contempt for almost as many reasons as the reader does, but they're all different reasons - and the very first is this trope: "You are a Magician — of a sort... a little piddling Magician who works by spells and books. There is no real Magic in your blood or heart."

    Tabletop RPG 
  • Basic Dungeons & Dragons: Depending on the setting and campaign, there might be rivalries or antipathy between practitioners of all the various types of supernatural abilities, including arcane magic, divine magic and psionics, whether by their incompatible philosophies, lifestyles or values. Common examples of conflicts include:
    • Necromancy and life-draining are one of the few conflicts written into the basic rules. Good aligned characters will be reluctant to use these powers, even to perform good deeds, and will be look down on those who do.
    • Evil-aligned magic, such as spells of the Evil domain, are looked down upon by good-aligned people because Bad Powers, Bad People. Warlocks generally fall in the same category (to even greater degrees, since they have a reputation as having sold their souls for power), even if their invocations aren't exactly evil-aligned and it is entirely possibly for warlocks to be good (the deal needn't have been made by the warlock themselves, and it needn't have been with infernal forces, either).
    • In 3rd and 4th editions, wizards must endure years of unwavering discipline and intense study before they can cast even the simplest of spells. Sorcerers have no training, just an innate talent for magic that manifests naturally — and which they may or may not care to control. The two radically different approaches may cause the two groups to bicker or even war against each other, depending on the setting.
    • The subclass of wizards called witches, who are regarded as a more primitive form of wizardry. Depending on the setting, wizards may consider them savages and a few gods jealous of their powers that they ordered members of their churches to hunt them down.
    • When initially introduced in 3rd edition, the Warlock class was hated and feared by all, especially other casters, since it was quite literally fueled by making a Deal with the Devil. This aspect got lessened in subsequent edition.
    • Likewise, the 3rd edition Binder class has some problems with other arcanists (who generally regard them as lazy, foolish or cheaters), but is outright loathed by divine casters, who consider them blasphemers and heretics of such an extent that the default assumption is any setting where the two exist will have witch hunters specifically to hunt down Binders. So much so that the sourcebook they were introduced in included a Prestige Class, the Witch Slayer, and an organization called the Order of Seropaenes specifically aimed at tracking and murdering Binders and destroying all lore relating to them.
  • Birthright has magical forces that can be fully understood only by elves, half-elves and blooded humans. They can use True Magic, much like wizards in other settings. All others can only become Magicians and outside Illusion and Divination schools use only minor spells. For the Realm magic even a bloodline isn't enough, it's available only to regent wizards with their own magical holdings.
  • Dragonlance has four types of main magic users: Wizards of High Sorcery, Clerics of the gods, Primal Sorcerers, and Mystics. The Wizards do not get along with the Sorcerers a lot of the time because the Wizards see the Sorcerers as infringing on their territory. The relationship between Mystics and Clerics of good deities is more friendly because of the Citadel of Light, which has both Mystics and Clerics working together to help people. Clerics of Neutral and Evil deities view of Mystics often depends on how their deity feels about Mysticism. And Wizards and Clerics sometimes do not get along because a Cleric, the last Kingpriest of Istar, was the one who tried to kill all Wizards on Ansalon prior to the Cataclysm. And since Wizards of High Sorcery are moon-dependent, there are three sorts of them — one per Krynnish moon. There's also the "renegade" category, which is where wizards who refuse to acknowledge the authority of the orders of High Sorcery are classified. Mostly, it's a place to file wizardly characters or classes that get imported from other game-settings.
  • Forgotten Realms: The Spellplague damaged magic, but also gave room for a "new" generation of spellcasters as many older casters lost their powers. Among the drow, the new class of wizards call themselves "spellspinners", and they have a rivalry with their more experienced but often weaker ancestors.
  • Shadowrun
    • Ideological conflicts between various types of magic users have been a standard setting element since the beginning, particularly between Hermetic and Shamanic magicians.
    • Psionics are generally looked down upon for having made up a whole new way to imagine magic works that is more restrictive and less useful than any of the accepted theories of mana with no actual advantages (Although thought forms, their conjured spirit equivalent, are free to summon, summon in one action and, unlike nature spirits, are not restricted to one area).
    • Full magicians, who can use both sorcery (casting spells) and conjuration (summoning, binding, and controlling spirits), tend to look down on adepts who are limited to one or the other. There are also physical adepts, whose magic is tuned toward augmenting their body and mind in various ways, which leads to most people thinking of them as street-sams without the chrome.
  • The Order of Hermes in Ars Magica tends to look down on non-Hermetic magic as uncivilized, to such a degree that a member can take "Hedge Wizard" as a social Flaw. Consequently, they tend to get a bit peeved when "primitive outsiders" pull off stunts that their own Art can't replicate. Different Houses within the Order aren't immune either: the Faerie based spells used by House Merinita get a measure of distrust, and House Verditius' inability to cast spells without special tools gets them something of a bad rap.
  • In Warhammer
    • Different races having to approach magic in different ways due to their different mindsets and how they open themselves up to Mind Rape by an Eldritch Abomination. So short lived humans takes magic, split it up into specialities and study it in an academic and scholarly manner in colleges to make it safe; the hair brained Skaven ratmen use Green Rocks to power magical contraptions and their minor "wizards" are called engineers; Dark Elves and Chaos worshippers make pacts with daemons- if not the Chaos Gods themselves- while High Elves will elegantly weave the winds of magic around them like a tapestry. For the Slann, the most powerful wizards in the world who taught the elves their thing, magic comes as naturally as breathing.
    • In addition to the species/racial differences, there also exists an arcane/divine dichotomy throughout, well, pretty much every civilised realm. In Bretonnia and parts of the Empire, for example, wielding arcane magic is grounds for a burning/hanging/impalement/decapitation/other execution method, but the miracles a priest performs aren't a problem (or aren't considered magical). Well, in the Empire using arcane magic without the training and sanction of the colleges is grounds for execution full stop, but certain peasants and preachers haven't quite got that message. In Bretonnia, all arcane magic is banned, but the situation is a little complex- College trained mages visiting from the Empire usually get a pass thanks to politics, and the priestesses of the Lady technically use arcane magics, but are widely believed to use divine magic. There are no priests of the Lady.
  • The Old World of Darkness
    • There are various forms of magic that are usually not mutually exclusive (at least within the supernatural race, wizard magic is not accessible to vampires and vice-versa). However, the societies, conspiracies or organizations that practice them look at each other with nothing but scorn and make learning more than one really hard for applicants.
    • The rivalry between the Mages, Tremere, Giovanni and Harbingers of Skulls/Cappadocians in Vampire: The Masquerade is particularly illustrative. The Tremere were formerly Mages and made a vampire copy of their old powers (weak and blood fueled, but still), the Giovanni accuse the Tremere of stealing their necromancy from them, while the Harbingers/Cappadocians did have theirs stolen by the Giovanni.
    • Since it runs on a Clap Your Hands If You Believe reality, Mage: The Ascension is fueled by this trope. Magical wars are fought over convincing the Sleepers that your faction's mystical philosophy is the correct one, some factions even claiming that their enemies use corrupted forms of their own mysticism. The funniest example is the Sons of Ether, who were a member of the non-player antagonist faction until said faction decided to go with light being a self-propagating wave instead of have a medium (the aforementioned Ether). Because the Sons really enjoyed being able to do things like wind-surf through the vacuum of space, this led to a violent rebellion and them joining the protagonist faction.
  • New World of Darkness
    • This kind of rivalry applies on a lesser scale in Mage: The Awakening, mostly with the Atlantean Orders' distrust of the Free Council and the built-in conflicts with Left-Handed Legacies, Scelesti, and Banishers. Plus some conflict with other racial magic. A mage tends to initially think a Werewolf's spirit-calling ability is cool, until he figures out how it works and then he's bored with your one-trick pony nonsense.
    • Fan expansion Genius The Transgression, as usual, just adds fuel to the fire with the Magic-Powered Pseudoscience known as Inspiration. Geniuses trying to explain themselves usually just gets mages inexplicably mad, and the way magic works is similar to a Genius who's gearing up for a long jump into Illumination. Naturally, both sides make sure that one doesn't get mistaken for the other and given incorrect training, that wouldn't quite end well.
  • The Dark Eye treats magic and miracles as completely separate things. The miracles somewhat resembling "divine spells" were even only introduced late in the 3rd edition.
    • Magic users break into separate schools depending on how they were taught, including guild mages (academic, logical), elves (intuitive), witches (emotion-based), druids, illusionists, shamans and others around the edges.
    • Most of those groups can learn spells, most easily those familiar to their own school, though there are many spells known in more than one, and in addition has special rituals not available to the others—a mage can learn certain enchantments for a staff, a witch can learn curses, and so on. Most groups also have philosophy-based restrictions (e.g. mages have responsibilities to their guild, druids can't work magic while touching iron, lizardmen need a material focus for each spell).
    • The bigger schools are split according to attitudes/philosophies further. There are three guilds for mages—white, grey, and black—with one of the main differences being their attitude to demonology. Witches may have greater cohesion, but the sisterhoods, determined by the species of their familiar, which is tied to their personality, have their differences. Druids are split into those focusing on mind magic, and those focused on elementarism.
  • The five colors of magic in Magic: The Gathering all have at least one thing in common; They consider their way to be the only right one, two of the other colors are agreeable, if a bit misguided, and the last two are just dead wrong. A prime example would be Blue, the color of knowledge, respects Black for it's ambition and desire for control and White for its diligence and drive for order. Green and Red, on the other hand, are mindless and savage and should either be locked down or eliminated. Of course, this is the abstract version of color philosophies: with actual organizations and people it gets more complicated, but the trope remains in force.
    • The rabbit hole can go even deeper when you start getting groups/people with dual color affiliations like the guilds in Ravnica some of which are two colors normally opposite on the spectrum such as White/Black who abide by very strict contracts and will use any means to enforce them or punish anyone who doesn't hold up their end of the contract. They consider basically the entire rest of the guilds as marks to be conned out of everything they own.
    • Things get really weird when you mix even more colors. Cards that require all five colors to cast are some of the most powerful in the game since they embody unification and cooperation between all five of the color philosophies. They are also relatively difficult to play due to their casting costs. This symbolizes that making the five colors cooperate is hard.
  • Exalted: There are a lot of bad blood between Sorcerers and Necromancers, mainly because Necromancy comes from the undead Eldritch Abomination who seeks to kill the world. But the most hated of all rites would be Autochthon-exclusive Voidtech, which horrifies even the masters of Hell.
  • The galaxy of Dragonstar is ruled by dragons, and official doctrine is that sorcerers are distant descendants of dragons and therefore superior to other classes, especially wizards who have to learn their craft.

    Video Games 
  • The Warcraft 'verse is full of this. There's the main Priests, Paladins, Druids & Shamans vs. Mages, Warlocks, Necromancers & Death Knights rift, where the former think that all of the latter are reckless and/or evil, risking losing control, gaining the attention of the Burning Legion, joining the Scourge or worse. They are right, but mages think that they are using magic responsibly (and at least a few of them really are), and the former are just luddite fools, and the real villains are Warlocks, Necromancers and Death Knights. Then there's the good warlocks (read: player characters) who think they're strong enough to make a Deal with the Devil without losing control and think that everyone else are naive fools who don't go far enough or lack the willpower to do so. Good Death Knights use their powers to rebel against their former master. Finally, there's Always Chaotic Evil demon-worshipping warlocks and life-scourging Necromancers & Death Knights.
    • Fortunately, there New Council of Tirisfal is set out to subvert this, inviting spellcasters from all races and disciplines to work together for the common good.
    • The issue with mages isnt nessesary that they are evil, but that their power, arcane, is mostly chaos. Meaning that even if they are good, and does good, they eventually risk getting corrupted. responsibly or not.
  • Used all over the place in Dragon Age: the most obvious example would probably the animosity between Blood Mages and Circle Mages loyal to the Chantry; as the Chantry teaches that blood magic is what led to the creation of the Darkspawn, coupled with the fact that blood magic can also be used to control human minds and bind demons to the caster's will, most orthodox mages take a very dim view of its practitioners, labelling them as Maleficars regardless of wether they've used their powers for evil purposes or not. Meanwhile, the power-mad Tevinter Magisters, who permit the usage of blood magic within their borders, are looked on with a mixture of fear and disgust; Circle Mages will collaborate with them for research projects- especially in the more esoteric fields- but that's about as far as they're prepared to trust them.
    • Orthodox Circle Mages also have a less-than-cordial relationship with Apostates- mages outside the control of the Circle and the Chantry- viewing them as potential maleficars, from the nature magic-wielding Dalish Keepers to shapeshifters like Morrigan and Flemeth. Even the relatively innocuous Hawke family isn't exempt. On the other hand, many factions within the Circles cooperate semi-openly with apostates, either because they oppose the Templars' control over the Circle or because they simply see apostates as the Templars' problem.
    • Even the Circle itself isn't exempt from this sort of thing, having divided itself into a number of different Fraternities with different ideas as to how mages should be governed and how they should use magic... and then, in the Witch Hunt expansion pack it's possible to find a book on Spirit Magic that's been hopelessly vandalized by a proponent of Entropy Magic.
  • Heroes of Might and Magic II had a rivalry with the wizards and necromancers in a kind of ancient feud, though this is really only touched upon in the Evil campaign. Heroes V, being a Continuity Reboot, did the same thing, but gave more of a backstory, and it shows up several times in their respective campaigns.
    • The whole Wizards versus Necromancers idea was continued in Might and Magic VII; in fact, for most of the middle of the game, it was central to the plot.
    • In Heroes of Might and Magic IV this is why the Anti-Villain Protagonist of the Death campaign refuses to expand his kingdom after fighting tooth and nail to get it. He's Genre Savvy enough to realize that ambitious Necromancers have a 0% Approval Rating and everyone else would be gunning for him if he seemed the least bit hostile. He's all too aware that his brand of magic doesn't have a very good reputation.
    • The necromancer/wizard split was not the only division in the old setting — interestingly, the part of the description where the wizard sneers at the cleric is averted. Instead, it is the philosophical divisions within the categories of spell-users that inspire rivalry: Archdruids (Druids that have deepened their commitment to nature) and Warlocks (Druids that seek power) tend to clash, Priests of Light (Clerics aligned with the Path of Light) and Priests of Dark (Clerics aligned with the Path of Dark) are adherents to mutually opposed religions, Necromancers by definition are opposed to the Path of Light while Wizards tends to support it...
  • In Neverwinter Nights 2 (D&D 3.5 rules) wizard and sorcerers share the same spells and both can run out but warlocks can keep casting an unlimited number of times, but have very few spells. Oddly while there is the odd reference to demon/devils the class text say their power comes from their own souls, not pacts with residents of other realms.
  • The Reconstruction combines this with good old Fantastic Racism. Shra can't summon fire or ice from nowhere, so humans tend not to acknowledge that their ability to manipulate what's already around them is for all intents and purposes magic.
  • In Demon's Souls, the Miracle wielding clerics view soul arts as an abomination. The pracitioners of soul arts dislike clerics for trying to hold them back and treating them like pariahs. The clerics aren't exactly wrong to dislike soul arts though — it's a dangerous power fueled by the souls of the dead that comes from the Old One itself, and the world is a Crapsack World because people abused soul arts in the past. It's heavily implied that the god the clerics worship is actually the Old One, which would mean that the "miracles" (which are also fueled by souls) are just soul arts with a more "benevolent" flavor to them.
  • The description of the Wizard on the Diablo III website suggests that she's an outcast from the mage clans for her willingness to use "forbidden arts," and even calling herself a Wizard instead of a Sorceress is considered crass.
  • In The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion, the current Archmage of the Mages' Guild banned Necromancy out of little more than a personal distaste for it. The Necromancers aren't exactly helping their case, given that the antagonists of the Mages' Guild questline are an evil cult of Necromancers called the Order of the Black Worm led by a twisted lich.
    • In the next game, Skyrim, there are many different views on magic based on who and what kind of magic. The general view among Muggles is that magic is only used by those who are weak enough to need it. Still, they respect those who practice Restoration while being ambivalent to the other branches of magic, except for Necromancy, which they have good reasons to loathe. Among mages, Restoration is considered something of a joke, while Necromancy isn't perfectly accepted, partly due to how much it is hated by everyone else, but can still be practiced.
  • In StarCraft, the protoss are split into at least two factions, the Khalai and the Nerazim, who have serious philosophical differences, including how they use their powers. The Khalai have a kind of hivemind, while the Nerazim oppose it. The two sides have had multiple conflicts over this.
    • And recently, it's been discovered that some zerg don't have a hivemind either, and they consider the regular zerg to be "broken".
  • The "War of Illusion" storyline in Fallen London combines this trope with Magicians Are Wizards, as two factions of stage magicians struggle for dominance.

    Western Animation 
  • Practitioners of the various Bending Arts in Avatar: The Last Airbender would often do this. Being subject to nationalistic propaganda since birth, Firebenders in particular would sneer at Earthbenders, but even Sokka wasn't above saying "fire is a stupid element anyway" when Aang lamented he had yet to master it. Although Sokka's dislike of fire bending may have come more from his animosity towards the Fire Nation than pride in water bending, which he can't even do.
    • This is an obstacle that Avatars always have to overcome, as the different elements require different frames of mind and techniques. And it proves especially troublesome for Aang when he wants to find a firebending teacher.
    • In The Legend of Korra, Korra decides to briefly give up her Airbending training due to her difficulty learning it and declares she doesn't need it to be the Avatar. Since Airbending requires patience and spirituality (extremely important attributes for an Avatar that Korra does not possess) she eventually changes her mind.
  • Cassie in UBOS wants to train to become a 'Supreme Sorceress', since 'witches get no respect.'

    Web Comics 
  • Since its world is based on DnD 3.5 rules, The Order of the Stick has the same Unequal Rites. In Start of Darkness, Xykon is looked down upon often by wizards for his being a sorcerer, which, naturally, pisses him off. Since this is Xykon, these people tend not to live much longer. Especially notable when Dorukan is fighting Xykon and at one point asserts the superiority of his wizardry to Xykon's sorcery. Xykon responds by casting Energy Drain every turn, while giving a Hannibal Lecture about the advantages of spontaneous casting.
    • At the beginning of Start of Darkness, Xykon is told that sorcery is like a rubber mallet, whilst wizardry is a finely crafted watch. At the end, Xykon says that he'd much rather have the sledgehammer than the watch.
    • Wizards looking down on sorcerers becomes a recurring theme for the strip, and especially for Xykon - in contrast to the dangerously obsessive V who believes arcane magic is be-all and end-all, Xykon figures power is power, no matter what form it takes or where it comes from.
    • Incidentally, the page quote references the incident shown in the picture - it was a response to another forumite wondering why Vaarsuvius would be insulted at being called a sorcerer or warlock.
      • This may have had something to do with them making a Deal with the Devil (A Devil, Demon, and Daemon, actually) in a similar fashion to the ones Warlocks make to get their power. It hit a BIT too close to home for comfort
    • Vaarsuvius also, just before their confrontation with Xykon, expresses disdain for clerics' magic.
    How should I know how long divine spells take to cast? It's not as if they were REAL magic!!
  • Infernomancers, who get their powers via Deal with the Devil bargains, don't have a very good reputation in Dominic Deegan. While Infernomancers were employed by Callan in the Callan-Maltak war, they were eventually hunted down by the kingdom's holy knights after they had outlived their usefulness. There is a reason Infernomancers tend to practice their magic in secret. It doesn't help that Infernomancers deal with the literal forces of evil who wouldn't deal with someone unless they're evil/corruptible.
    • Necromancers also get a rather bad rep for the usual reasons, athough the first necromancer (who's actually still around) is a case of Dark Is Not Evil and Good Is Not Nice.
    • Meanwhile, Maltak orcs have their own shamanistic nature magic, split in two traditions: life-affirming akta and death-linked nakta. Practicioners of one type don't get along with those of the other, and while the akta-using clan used their powers in the aftermath of a magical catastrophe to make their lands a fertile haven in the wasteland of their homeland, the natka-using one went on the warpath and violently attacked any and all trespassers in orc lands, even an aid caravan from sympathetic humans. Of course, things are not what they appear to be at first glance...
  • To Prevent The World Peace has two opposite magical systems. There are magical girls, whose power comes from power items, and born mages, who have their powers since birth and usually don’t need any additional artifacts. Other magic users consider magical girls system to be “cheating”, mostly because it lets them survive as depowered humans, when their transformed form is killed. The fact that the mages are considered Always Chaotic Evil and the magical girls Always Lawful Good, doesn’t help at all.
  • In Magick Chicks, the goddess of witches Hecate really doesn't like magical girls for some reason. This is bad news for Melissa Hellrune, since she's a witch who recently became a Magical Girl after acquiring a mysterious wand.
  • In Erf World, there is rivalry between the eight schools of magic, based on combinations of the elements Life, Matter, and Motion. Notably, Dame Olive Branch looked down on any caster whose magic did not include Life in its make-up and caused other casters on her side to waste away via "Heroine bud" addiction to prove the superiority of her Hippiemancy.
    • Olive is shown having an argument with Wanda, a Croakamancer, in which some interesting points are made.
    Olive: (holding a plant)You think this is just an object, don't you? It's not. It's a living thing. Like you and me. But you think we're all objects, too. Right? Look what you do with a person, when the Life is gone. That is an object, Wanda. Not this."
    Wanda:"Not true. That plant is scenery, inventory, provisions."
    Olive:"It's not—"
    Wanda: "...Or...a piece of terrain. But this unit can move, fight, follow orders. This unit has Motion, and that is something a Hippiemancer would know nothing of."
    Olive:"No, you don't know what you're talking about. Yes sure, there is Motion. But it's less important than Life. That ought to be perfectly obvious to any living being."
    Wanda:"Says the Florist. The three Elements were created equal. Are you a Titan, to say otherwise?"
    Olive:"I'm alive, to say otherwise. Life is the most important thing in the world. Would you want to lose your Life?"
    Wanda:"No, but I wouldn't want to lose my Motion, either. I wouldn't want to be that plant. I'm no tree. Speaking of which, where is my brother?"

    • As a general rule, most casters seem to consider Croakamancy to be distasteful and unnatural. Carnymancy is also disliked, considered cheating by many. There are hints that Hippiemancy is considered useless, which makes sense for a magic centered around peace in a world almost literally made for eternal war.
  • In Unsounded, Duane looks down on casters who use magic items—spellbooks, prepackaged summoning spells, and so on—instead of focusing on "core technique," as well as those who don't fight fairly. He seems to have a point; his self-restrictions make him skilled enough to defeat Quigley, even though the latter is a very powerful wizard who ignores most of Duane's rules of engagement.